The Social Lives Of Forests: Past, Present, And Future Of Woodland Resurgence

Paperback | July 26, 2016

EditorSusanna B. Hecht, Kathleen D. Morrison, Christine Padoch

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Forests are in decline, and the threats these outposts of nature face—including deforestation, degradation, and fragmentation—are the result of human culture. Or are they? This volume calls these assumptions into question, revealing forests’ past, present, and future conditions to be the joint products of a host of natural and cultural forces. Moreover, in many cases the coalescence of these forces—from local ecologies to competing knowledge systems—has masked a significant contemporary trend of woodland resurgence, even in the forests of the tropics.

Focusing on the history and current use of woodlands from India to the Amazon, The Social Lives of Forests attempts to build a coherent view of forests sited at the nexus of nature, culture, and development. With chapters covering the effects of human activities on succession patterns in now-protected Costa Rican forests; the intersection of gender and knowledge in African shea nut tree markets; and even the unexpectedly rich urban woodlands of Chicago, this book explores forests as places of significant human action, with complex institutions, ecologies, and economies that have transformed these landscapes in the past and continue to shape them today. From rain forests to timber farms, the face of forests—how we define, understand, and maintain them—is changing.

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Forests are in decline, and the threats these outposts of nature face—including deforestation, degradation, and fragmentation—are the result of human culture. Or are they? This volume calls these assumptions into question, revealing forests’ past, present, and future conditions to be the joint products of a host of natural and cultural...

Susanna B. Hecht is professor in the Luskin School of Public Affairs and the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability at the University of California, Los Angeles, and author of The Scramble for the Amazon and the “Lost Paradise” of Euclides da Cunha. Kathleen D. Morrison is the Neukom Family Professor of Anthropology and of Soc...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:507 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.26 inPublished:July 26, 2016Publisher:University of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0226322688

ISBN - 13:9780226322681

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations   Acknowledgments
1    From Fragmentation to Forest Resurgence: Paradigms, Representations, and Practices · Susanna B. Hecht, Kathleen D. Morrison, and Christine Padoch
Rethinking Social Lives and Forest Transitions: History, Ideologies, Institutions, and the Matrix · Susanna B. Hecht
2    False Forest History, Complicit Social Analysis: Rethinking Some West African Environmental Narratives · James Fairhead and Melissa Leach
3    Stories of Nature’s Hybridity in Europe: Implications for Forest Conservation in the Global South · Roderick P. Neumann
4    Adam Smith in the Forest · Fredrik Albritton Jonsson
5    Jungles, Forests, and the Theatre of Wars: Insurgency, Counterinsurgency, and the Political Forest in Southeast Asia · Nancy Lee Peluso and Peter Vandergeest
6    Mutant Ecologies: Radioactive Life in Post–Cold War New Mexico · Joseph Masco
7    Pan-Tropical Perspectives on Forest Resurgence · Alan Grainger
8    The Social Lives of Forest Transitions and Successions: Theories of Forest Resurgence ·Susanna B. Hecht
9    Paradigms Lost: Tropical Conservation under Late Capitalism ·John Vandermeer andIvette Perfecto
10 Effects of Human Activities on Successional Pathways: Case Studies from Lowland Wet Forests of Northeastern Costa Rica ·Robin L. Chazdon, Braulio Vilchez Alvarado, Susan Letcher, Amanda Wendt, and Uzay Sezen
Human-Forest Relationships and the Erasure of History ·Kathleen D. Morrison
11 Constructing Nature: Socio-Natural Histories of an Indian Forest ·Kathleen D. Morrison and Mark T. Lycett
12 Culturing the Rainforest: The Kelabit Highlands of Sarawak ·Monica Janowski, Huw Barton, and Samantha Jones
13 Residual Effects of Agroforestry Activities at Dos Hombres, a Classic Period Maya Site in Belize ·David L. Lentz and Brian Lane
14 Forest as Faunal Enclave: Endangerment, Ecology, and Exclusion in India ·Mahesh Rangarajan
15 Amazonia: The Historical Ecology of a Domesticated Landscape ·Clark L. Erickson
Market Dynamics and Regional Change ·Nicholas K. Menzies
16 The Fate of the Branded Forest: Science, Violence, and Seduction in the World of Teak ·Raymond L. Bryant
17 Gendered Knowledge and the African Shea-Nut Tree ·Judith Carney and Marlène Elias
18 Ancient Forest Tea: How Globalization Turned Backward Minorities into Green Marketing Innovators ·Nicholas K. Menzies
19 The Production of Forests: Tree Cover Transitions in Northern Thailand, Northern Laos, and Southern China ·Jefferson Fox
20 From Swidden to Rubber: Transforming Landscape and Livelihoods in Mountainous Northern Laos ·Yayoi Fujita Lagerqvist
Institutions: The Secret Lives of Forests ·Susanna B. Hecht
21 A Forest for My Kingdom? “Forest Rent” and the Politics of History in Asante (Ghana) ·Sara Berry
22 The Invisible Map: Community Tenure Rights ·Deborah Barry and Ruth Meinzen-Dick
23 Re-Greening the Sahel: Linking Adaptation to Climate Change, Poverty Reduction, and Sustainable Development in Drylands ·Chris Reij
Urban Ecologies ·Christine Padoch
24 Amazonia 1492: Pristine Forest or Cultural Parkland? ·Michael J. Heckenberger, Afukaka Kuikuro, Urissap’a Tabata Kuikuro, J. Christian Russell, Morgan Schmidt, Carlos Fausto, and Bruna Franchetto
25 Urban Residence, Rural Employment, and the Future of Amazonian Forests · Christine Padoch, Angela Steward, Miguel Pinedo-Vasquez, Louis Putzel, and Medardo Miranda Ruiz
26 From Fallow Timber to Urban Housing: Family Forestry and Tablilla Production in Peru ·Robin R. Sears and Miguel Pinedo-Vasquez
27 Forest Resources, City Services: Globalization, Household Networks, and Urbanization in the Amazon Estuary ·Eduardo S. Brondizio, Andrea D. Siqueira, and Nathan Vogt
28 Chicago Wilderness: Integrating Biological and Social Diversity in the Urban Garden ·Peter Crane, Liam Heneghan, Francie Muraski-Stotz, Melinda Pruett-Jones, Laurel Ross, Alaka Wali, and Lynne Westphal
Notes   References       Contributors   Index

Editorial Reviews

“An all-too-uncommon union of the hard and social sciences, The Social Lives of Forests is a groundbreaking work that reframes both the history of the world’s forest lands and the debate over their future. Stressing the centuries-long human role in the creation and maintenance of wooded landscapes, and their relation to both rural and urban life in the globalized world of today and in the past, the articles in this book collectively provide a new way to think about forest ecosystems and their inhabitants. This is a book that will surprise and inform historians, ecologists, foresters, environmentalists—and anyone who cares about the forests around us.”