The Sociology of Work: Structures and Inequalities

Paperback | January 29, 2009

bySteven P. Vallas, William Finlay, Amy S. Wharton

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Understanding the world of work is often difficult for students--particularly undergraduates--to grasp. The Sociology of Work: Structures and Inequalities answers the need for a clear, engaging--and affordable--introduction to the basic concepts used by sociologists of work. Throughout, thetext links the most up-to-date research and scholarship on work and occupations with their underlying sociological principles. Beginning with a thorough discussion of these core concepts, it goes on to show the historical developments of labor processes, thus allowing students to draw modern,real-world connections. The book also examines the contemporary work scene (both domestic and global), its concurrent occupational structures, and, all too often, its resultant inequalities. While remarkably accessible, The Sociology of Work does not shy away from challenging students with weightier sociological concepts, theories, and methodological issues, as well as less commonly discussed topics like Luddism, the role of gender in the industrial revolution, and the rise and declineof the workers' movement. Comprehensive and versatile, The Sociology of Work: Structures and Inequalities is ideal for courses in the sociology of work and occupations, and the sociology of organizations and corporations, as well as labor studies and human resource management.

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Understanding the world of work is often difficult for students--particularly undergraduates--to grasp. The Sociology of Work: Structures and Inequalities answers the need for a clear, engaging--and affordable--introduction to the basic concepts used by sociologists of work. Throughout, thetext links the most up-to-date research and sc...

Steven Vallas is Professor and Chair of Sociology and Anthropology at Northeastern University. William Finlay is Professor and Department Head of Sociology at the University of Georgia. Amy Wharton is Professor of Sociology at Washington State University and editor of the journal, Social Problems.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:January 29, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195381726

ISBN - 13:9780195381726

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Table of Contents

Part I: Introduction1. The Sociology of Work: An InvitationThe Primacy of Production ThesisThe Sociology of Work: Core PrinciplesConclusion2. Theoretical Traditions in the Sociology of WorkClassical Perspectives on Work and SocietyContemporary Perspectives on Work and SocietyPerspectives Toward Work: Present Realities and Future Perspectives3. Studying Workers and Work: Research Methods in the FieldMethods for Studying Work and WorkersOfficial StatisticsSurveys and InterviewsEthnographiesExperimentsSummary and ConclusionsPart II: The Historical Development of Work4. The Industrial Revolution and Beyond: Culture, Work, and Social ChangeUnderstanding the Industrial RevolutionThe Meaning of Work in Pre-Industrial SocietiesThe Rise of the Factory System: Luddism RevisitedGender, Family, and the Factory System: Emergence of the Male Breadwinner NormConclusion5. The Second Industrial Revolution: Mass Production and Labor ManagementThe Rise of Mass ProductionFrederick Winslow Taylor and Scientific ManagementHenry Ford and the Assembly LineHow Workers Responded to Mass ProductionThe Invention of Personnel ManagementThe Hawthorne Research: The Discovery of the Work GroupPart III: Occupational Structures6. Production Workers and the Hidden World of WorkThe Skills of Blue-Collar WorkersHow Work Gets Done: Informal Work PracticesGood Citizenship in the WorkplaceSummary7. Managers: Careers at WorkThe Managerial OccupationWhat Do Managers Do?Managers' CareersGender and Racial Differences in Access to Power and AuthorityThe Future of ManagementSummary8. The Professions: Power and Status in the WorkplaceThe Characteristics of the ProfessionsControlling Professional Work: The Professional EthicProfessional CareersSummary9. Service Jobs: Close Encounters with CustomersDefining ServiceService Industries and Service OccupationsCharacteristics of Service JobsControl, Routinization, and Technology in Service WorkDoing Deference: Personal Service WorkConclusion: Beyond the Service EconomyPart IV: Inequalities10. Unions in America: The Struggles of the Labor MovementThe Glory Years of Industrial Unionism: 1933-1945The Decline of Unions After World War IIThe Costs of Union DeclineThe Future of UnionsSummary11. Gender and WorkThe Rise in Women's Labor Force ParticipationThe Sex Segregation of Jobs and OccupationsMaintaining Barriers between "Men's" and "Women's" JobsThe Gender Pay Gap and the Worth of JobsThe Future of Gender Inequality at WorkConclusion12. Managing Diversity: Racial and Ethnic Divisions at WorkRace, Ethnicity, and the Sociology of WorkGovernment Efforts to Uproot Racial and Ethnic DisparitiesCorporate Change and the Management of DiversityConclusion13. Immigrant Workers: Marginal Work, Networks, and EntrepreneurshipMigration of the Poor: Mexicans, Central Americans, and FilipinosImmigrant Hiring: Networks and GatewaysImmigrants and EntrepreneurshipSummaryPart V: The Future of Work: Key Issues And Social Choices14. Work and FamilyThe Rise of DomesticityWork Time, Family Time, and Work-Family ConflictCross-National Differences in Work and FamilyThe Growth of Non-Standard Employment Contracts and the 24/7 EconomyConclusion15. The New American WorkplaceTrends in Occupational Growth: Some EvidenceThe Changing Employment RelationshipThe Participatory Management Movement: Lean Production, Teams, and New TechnologyConclusion16. Globalization and the American WorkplaceDimensions of GlobalizationThe Meaning of Globalization for the American WorkerStudying Global Commodity ChainsConclusions: Shaping Globalization