The Soviet Union and the CSCE. How Human Rights helped end the Cold War

Kobo ebook | May 6, 2017

The Soviet Union and the CSCE. How Human Rights helped end the Cold War
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Essay from the year 2013 in the subject History - World History - Modern History, grade: 1,7, University of Siegen (Neue Geschichte), course: Human Right as Political Argument after World War II, language: English, abstract: This essay will deal with the question of wether and how the concept of human rights has led to changes in Soviet policies and to the end of the 'Cold War'. A special focus will be on the work of the CSCE (Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europea) and non-governmental groups (further revered to as NGOs). After World War II, national leaders had learned that international regimes were not just a domestic matter but could themselves become a menace to world peace. Although, while many human rights are, as Louise Shelley has pointed out, a Western concept and not encouraged or institutionalized by many non-Western countries, these countries were signatories to the United Nations´ convention on human rights. Still their political and social cultures did not conform to many of the provisions expressed in it. This issue of human rights, as it has emerged mainly out of the ideas of the Enlightenment, still remained alien to many of the world´s nations after the War. As has been pointed out by distinguished historians and as Shelley mentioned, Russia remained 'outside' the Enlightenment. The Soviet Union is the heir of the Russian legal tradition, a culture in which individual rights were consistently subordinated to the state. It is also important to note that Russia was, as Shelley said, never directly exposed to the ideas of the Enlightenment, although some of its values were transmitted via the czars. Most important to know is that Human rights cannot be imposed on a society. Institutions that foster and nurture human rights must develop in a society itself. This is a gradual process. In societies without such a tradition it is unnatural to expect that such a transformation can occur in the face of a different historical legacy and in the face of other pressing economic and political problems. Knowing this, the following paper will show how NGOs and Soviet national leaders have tried to establish Human Rights in the USSR and what role the CSCE played in that process.

Title:The Soviet Union and the CSCE. How Human Rights helped end the Cold WarFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:May 6, 2017Publisher:GRIN VerlagLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:366836351X

ISBN - 13:9783668363519

Appropriate for ages: All ages

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