The State of the Worlds Refugees 2000: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action

Paperback | November 9, 2000

EditorUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

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UNHCR - the world's leading refugee organization - examines the major refugee crises of the last 50 years and the changing nature of international responses to the problem of forced displacement. Refugees and other displaced people are the victims of events beyond their control: persecution, armed conflict, and human rights violations. Increasingly, they are also recognized as an important factor affecting both national security and world politics. With over a million people forced to fleetheir homes in Kosovo, East Timor, and Chechnya in 1999 alone, it is clear that the problem of forced human displacement will remain a major concern of the international community in the 21st century. This book describes the development of international refugee law and the establishment of institutions devoted to the protection of refugees and other displaced people. It traces the major crises in which UNHCR has been involved since its establishment 50 years ago. Beginning with the massdisplacement in Europe after the Second World War, the book addresses the flight of refugees from Hungary in 1956, crises associated with process of decolonization in Africa, the Bangladesh refugee emergency in 1971, the sustained exodus from Indochina which began in the 1970s, and the largeoutflows resulting from the protracted wars of the 1980s in Afghanistan, the Horn of Africa, and Central America. Looking at the challenges of the 1990s, the book examines the popular shifts in the former Soviet region, the Kurdish exodus from northern Iraq following the Gulf war, the increasingly restrictive asylum policies in Europe and North America, and the recent crises in the Balkans, the Great Lakesregion of Africa, East Timor, and the Caucasus. In this timely and important publication, UNHCR emphasizes the need to find lasting solutions to problems of forced displacement. Without human security, it argues, there can be no peace and stability.

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UNHCR - the world's leading refugee organization - examines the major refugee crises of the last 50 years and the changing nature of international responses to the problem of forced displacement. Refugees and other displaced people are the victims of events beyond their control: persecution, armed conflict, and human rights violations...

Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:November 9, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199241066

ISBN - 13:9780199241064

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Early years2. De-colonisation in Africa3. Rupture in South Asia4. Flight from Indo-China5. Proxy Wars in Africa, Afghanistan and Central America6. Repatriation and Peace-Building in the early 1990s7. Asylum in the Industrialised World8. Displacement in the Former Soviet Region9. War and Humanitarian action: Iraq and the Balkans10. The Rewandan Genocide and its aftermath11. The Changing Dynamics of Displacement

Editorial Reviews

`The State of the World's Refugees 2000 is the most ambitious and impressive of the series so far'Millennium