The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration

Paperback | April 27, 2005

byBruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman

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This thoroughly revised edition of Bruce M. Metzger's classic work is the most up-to-date manual available for the textual criticism of the New Testament. The Text of the New Testament, Fourth Edition, has been invigorated by the addition of Bart D. Ehrman--author of numerous best-selling books on the New Testament--as a coauthor. This revision brings the discussion of such important matters as the early Greek manuscripts and methods of textual criticism up to date, integrating recent research findings and approaches into the body of the text (as opposed to previous revisions, which compiled new material and notes into appendices). The authors also examine new areas of interest, including the use of computers in the collection and evaluation of manuscript evidence and the effects that social and ideological influences had upon the work of scribes. The standard text for courses in biblical studies and the history of Christianity since its first publication in 1964, The Text of the New Testament is poised to become a definitive resource for a whole new generation of students.

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This thoroughly revised edition of Bruce M. Metzger's classic work is the most up-to-date manual available for the textual criticism of the New Testament. The Text of the New Testament, Fourth Edition, has been invigorated by the addition of Bart D. Ehrman--author of numerous best-selling books on the New Testament--as a coauthor. Thi...

Bruce M. Metzger is at Princeton Theological Seminary (Emeritus). Bart D. Ehrman is at University of North Carolina.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 5.51 × 8.19 × 0.98 inPublished:April 27, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019516122X

ISBN - 13:9780195161229

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Table of Contents

Figures: Preface: Preface to the First Edition: PART I. THE MATERIALS FOR THE TEXTUAL CRITICISM OF THE NEW TESTAMENT Chapter 1. The Making of Ancient Books I. The Materials of Ancient Books 1. Papyrus 2. Parchment 3. Ink Making II. The Forms of Ancient Books III. Ancient Scribes and Their Handiwork Added Note on Colophons IV. "Helps for Readers" in New Testament Manuscripts 1. Chapter Divisions 2. Titles of Chapters 3. Eusebian Canons 4. Hypotheses, Bioi, Euthalian Apparatus 5. Superscriptions and Subscriptions 6. Punctuation 7. Glosses, Scholia, Commentaries, Catenae, Onomastica 8. Artistic Adornment 9. Cola and Commata 10. Neumes 11. Lectionary Equipment V. Statistics of Greek Manuscripts of the New Testament Chapter 2. Important Witnesses to the Text of the New Testament I. Greek Manuscripts of the New Testament 1. Important Greek Papyri of the New Testament 2. Important Greek Majuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament 3. Important Greek Minuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament 4. Other Noteworthy Manuscripts II. Ancient Versions of the New Testament 1. The Syriac Versions 2. The Latin Versions 3. The Coptic Versions 4. The Gothic Version 5. The Armenian Version 6. The Georgian Version 7. The Ethiopic Version 8. The Old Slavonic Version 9. Other Ancient Versions III. Patristic Quotations from the New Testament PART II: THE HISTORY OF NEW TESTAMENT TEXTUAL CRITICISM AS REFLECTED IN PRINTED EDITIONS OF THE GREEK TESTAMENT Chapter 3. The Precritical Period: The Origin and Dominance of the Textus Receptus I. From Ximenes and Erasmus to the Elzevirs II. The Collection of Variant Readings Chapter 4. The Modern Critical Period: From Griesbach to the Present I. The Beginnings of Scientific Textual Criticism of the New Testament II. The Overthrow of the Textus Receptus PART III: THE APPLICATION OF TEXTUAL CRITICISM TO THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT Chapter 5. The Origins of Textual Criticism as a Scholarly Discipline Chapter 6. Modern Methods of Textual Criticism I. The Classical Method of Textual Criticism II. Reactions Against Classical Textual Criticism 1. Joseph Bedier 2. Albert C. Clark III. Local Texts and Ancient Editions: Burnett Hillman Streeter IV. Alternative Methods of Textual Criticism 1. The Majority Text 2. Thoroughgoing Eclecticism V. Conjectural Emendation VI. Methods of Determining Family Relationships Among Manuscripts 1. The Claremont Profile Method 2. The Alands' Use of Teststellen 3. The Comprehensive Profile Method VII. The Use of Computers in New Testament Textual Criticism 1. The Collection, Recording, and Storage of Data 2. The Presentation of the Data 3. Statistical Analyses 4. Hypertext Possibilities VIII. Significant Ongoing Projects 1. The Institut fur neutestamentliche Textforschung 2. The International Greek New Testament Project Chapter 7. The Causes of Error in the Transmission of the Text of the New Testament I. Unintentional Changes 1. Errors Arising from Faulty Eyesight 2. Errors Arising from Faulty Hearing 3. Errors of the Mind 4. Errors of Judgment II. Intentional Changes 1. Changes Involving Spelling and Grammar 2. Harmonistic Corruptions 3. Addition of Natural Complements and Similar Adjuncts 4. Clearing up Historical and Geographical Difficulties 5. Conflation of Readings 6. Alterations Made Because of Doctrinal Considerations 7. Addition of Miscellaneous Details Chapter 8. History of the Transmission of the Text of the New Testament I. Complications in Establishing the Original Text II. Dissemination of Early Christian Literature III. The Rise and Development of the New Testament Text Types 1. The Western Text 2. The Alexandrian Text 3. The Byzantine Text IV. The Use of Textual Data for the Social History of Early Christianity 1. Doctrinal Disputes of Early Christianity 2. Jewish-Christian Relations 3. The Oppression of Women in Early Christianity 4. Christian Apologia 5. Christian Asceticism 6. The Use of Magic and Fortune-Telling in Early Christianity Chapter 9. The Practice of New Testament Textual Criticism I. Basic Criteria for the Evaluation of Variant Readings II. The Process of Evaluating Variant Readings 1. External Evidence 2. Internal Evidence III. The Textual Analysis of Selected Passages Bibliography: General Index: Index of New Testament Passages:

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