The Three Branches: A Comparative Model of Separation of Powers

Paperback | April 22, 2015

byChristoph Moellers

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The idea of the separation of powers is still popular in much political and constitutional discourse, though its meaning for the modern state remains unclear and contested. This book develops a new, comprehensive, and systematic account of the principle. It then applies this new concept tolegal problems of different national constitutional orders, the law of the European Union, and international institutional law. It connects an argument from normative political theory with phenomena taken from comparative constitutional law. The book argues that the conflict between individualliberty and democratic self-determination that is characteristic of modern constitutionalism is proceduralized through the establishment of different governmental branches. A close analysis of the relation between individual and collective autonomy on the one hand and the ways lawmaking through public institutions can be established on the other hand helps us identify criteria for determining how legislative, administrative, and judicial lawmaking can be distinguishedand should be organized. These criteria define a common ground in the confusing variety of western constitutional traditions and their diverse use of the notion of separated powers. They also enable us to establish a normative framework that throws a fresh perspective on problems of constitutionallaw in different constitutional systems: constitutional judicial review of legislation, limits of legislative delegation, parliamentary control of the executive, and standing. Linking arguments from comparative constitutional law and international law, the book then uses this framework to offer anew perspective on the debate on constitutionalism beyond the state. The concept permits certain institutional insights of the constitutional experiences within states to be applied at the international level without falling into any form of methodological nationalism.

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The idea of the separation of powers is still popular in much political and constitutional discourse, though its meaning for the modern state remains unclear and contested. This book develops a new, comprehensive, and systematic account of the principle. It then applies this new concept tolegal problems of different national constituti...

Christoph Mollers, Professor of Law at Humboldt-University and Permanent Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Berlin, studied Law, Philosophy, and Comparative Literature at the Universities of Tubingen, Madrid, and Munich. He holds a Dr. iur. from the University of Munich and a Master of Law of the University of Chicago Law S...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:280 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.07 inPublished:April 22, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198738080

ISBN - 13:9780198738084

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Constitutional Theory and Political Philosophy1. Division of Powers: Traditions and MeaningsThe traditional division of powers: a comparative sketch on France, England, the United States, and GermanyThe separation of powers - functions and meanings of a conceptConclusions2. Self-Determination as the Source of Separated PowersSelf-determination as the basic concept of legitimacySelf-determination through lawThe three powers: a model from legitimacyConclusions3. Problems of Separated Powers in the Constitutional StateParliament and GovernmentConstitutional ReviewLimits of judicial control of the administrationConclusions4. Separation of Powers Beyond the StateIntroduction: The internationalization of law, an analysis from legitimacyThe internationalized constitutional stateEuropean integrationInternational lawHybrid organizations5. Outlook: Governance - Constitutionalization - A Fourth Branch?