The Twin Horse Gods: The Dioskouroi In Mythologies Of The Ancient World by Henry WalkerThe Twin Horse Gods: The Dioskouroi In Mythologies Of The Ancient World by Henry Walker

The Twin Horse Gods: The Dioskouroi In Mythologies Of The Ancient World

byHenry Walker

Hardcover | May 30, 2015

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The twin deities known by the ancient Greeks as the Dioskouroi, and by the Romans as the Gemini, were popular figures in the classical world. They were especially connected with youth, low status and service, and were embraced by the common people in a way that eluded those gods associated with regal magnificence or the ruling classes. Despite their popularity, no dedicated study has been published on the horse gods for over a hundred years. Henry John Walker here addresses this neglect. His comparative study traces the origins, meanings and applications of the twin divinities to social and ritual settings in Greece, Vedic India (where the brothers named Castor and Pollux were revered as Indo-European gods called the Asvins), Etruria and classical Rome. He demonstrates, for example, that since the Dioskouroi were regarded as being halfway between gods and men, so young Spartans – undergoing a fierce and rigorous military training – saw themselves as standing midway between animal and human. Such creative interpretations of the myth thus played a central role in the culture and society of antiquity.

Henry John Walker is Senior Lecturer in Classical and Medieval Studies at Bates College, Lewiston, Maine, USA. He is the author of Theseus and Athens (1995) and of Memorable Deeds and Sayings: One Thousand Tales from Ancient Rome (2004).
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Title:The Twin Horse Gods: The Dioskouroi In Mythologies Of The Ancient WorldFormat:HardcoverDimensions:272 pages, 8.25 × 5.5 × 0.98 inPublished:May 30, 2015Publisher:I.B. Tauris & Co LtdLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1784530034

ISBN - 13:9781784530037

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Table of Contents

Preface
Spelling and Pronunciation
PART I: HORSES, TWINS, AND GODS
1. Introduction
2. Twins
3. Horses
4. The Indo-European Horse Gods
Notes to Chapter 1
PART II: THE FAMILY OF THE ASVINS
1. Morning Gods
2. The Birth of the Asvins
3. The Asvins and the Daughter of the Sun
Notes to Chapter 2
PART III: NASATYAS - SAVIOUS GODS
1. The Sea-Rescue of Bhujyu
2. Atri in the Cooking-Pot
3. The Rejuvenation of Cyavana
4. The Head of Dadhyañc
5. Low-Class Gods
Notes to Chapter 3
PART IV: THE ASVINS IN VEDIC RITUAL
Chapter 4. The Asvins in Vedic Ritual
1. The Asvinagraha (Asvin Cup)
2. The Pravargya (Heating Ritual)
3. The Morning Prayer (prataranuvaka)
4. The Twilight Chant (sa?dhistotra ) and the Asvin Hymn (asvinasastra)
5. The Sautrama?i (Good Saviour Ritual)
6. The Asvin Rituals
Notes to Chapter 4
PART V: THE CULT OF THE DIOSKOUROI
1. The Cult of the Young Men at Sparta
2. Between Gods and Men
3. Gods among Men
4. The Cult of the Dioskouroi throughout Greece
Notes to Chapter 5
PART VI: THE MYTHS OF THE DIOSKOUROI
1. The Status and Parentage of the Dioskouroi
2. The Birth of Helene
3. The Birth of the Horse
4. Goddesses on the Run
5. The Abduction of Helene
6. The Adventures of the Dioskouroi
7. The Young Horse Gods in Greece
Notes to Chapter 6
PART VII: THE GREEK HORSE GODS IN ITALY
Chapter 7. The Greek Horse Gods in Italy
1. The Dioskouroi in Southern Italy
2. The Tinas Cliniar of Etruria
3. The Quroi in Latium
4. The Castores in Rome
Notes to Chapter 7
Conclusion
1. War-Lords and Priests
2. The Third Estate
3. The Horse Gods
Notes to Conclusion
Bibliography