The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Paperback | May 20, 2009

byGrigory E. Volovik

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There are fundamental relations between three vast areas of physics: particle physics, cosmology and condensed matter physics. The fundamental links between the first two areas, in other words, between micro- and macro- worlds, have been well established. There is a unified system of lawsgoverning the scales from subatomic particles to the Cosmos and this principle is widely exploited in the description of the physics of the early Universe. The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics.According to the modern view, elementary particles (electrons, neutrinos, quarks, etc.) are excitations of a more fundamental medium called the quantum vacuum. This is the new 'aether' of the 21st Century. Electromagnetism, gravity, and the fields transferring weak and strong interactions allrepresent different types of the collective motion of the quantum vacuum. Among the existing condensed matter systems, a quantum liquid called superfluid 3He-A most closely represents the quantum vacuum. Its quasiparticles are very similar to the elementary particles, while the collective modes ofthe liquid are very similar to electromagnetic and gravitational fields, and the quanta of these collective modes are analogues of photons and gravitons. The fundamental laws of physics, such as the laws of relativity (Lorentz invariance) and gauge invariance, arise when the temperature of thequantum liquid decreases.This book is written for graduate students and researchers in all areas of physics.

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There are fundamental relations between three vast areas of physics: particle physics, cosmology and condensed matter physics. The fundamental links between the first two areas, in other words, between micro- and macro- worlds, have been well established. There is a unified system of lawsgoverning the scales from subatomic particles to...

Grigory E. Volovik is Professor at the Low Temperature Laboratory at the Helsinki University of Technology, Finland, and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Moscow, Russia.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:536 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:May 20, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199564841

ISBN - 13:9780199564842

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: GUT and anti-GUT2. Gravity3. Microscopic physics of quantum liquids4. Effective theory of superfluidity5. Two-fluid hydrodynamics6. Advantages and drawbacks of effective theory7. Microscopic physics8. Universality classes of fermionic vacua9. Effective quantum electrodynamics in 3He-A10. Phenomenology of superfluid helium-311. Momentum-space topology of 2+1 systems12. p-space topology protected by symmetry13. Topology of defects14. Vortices in 3He-B15. Symmetry breaking in 3He-A and singular vortices16. Continuous structures17. Monopoles and boojums18. Anomalous non-conservation of fermionic charge19. Anomalous currents20. Macroscopic parity violating effects21. Quantization of physical parameters22. Edge states and fermion zero modes on soliton23. Fermion zero modes on vortices24. Vortex mass25. Spectral flow in the vortex core26. Landau critical velocity27. Vortex formation by Kelvin-Helmholtz instability28. Vortex formation in ionizing radiation29. Casimir effect and vacuum energy30. Topological defects as source of nontrivial metric31. Vacuum under rotation and spinning strings32. Analogs of event horizon33. ConclusionReferences

Editorial Reviews

"Provides a splendid guide into this mostly unexplored wilderness of emergent particle physics and cosmology." --James D. Bjorken, SLAC