The Universities of the Italian Renaissance by Paul F. GrendlerThe Universities of the Italian Renaissance by Paul F. Grendler

The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

byPaul F. Grendler

Paperback | September 29, 2004

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Italian Renaissance universities were Europe's intellectual leaders in humanistic studies, law, medicine, philosophy, and science. Employing some of the foremost scholars of the time-including Pietro Pomponazzi, Andreas Vesalius, and Galileo Galilei-the Italian Renaissance university was the prototype of today's research university. This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution.

In this magisterial study, noted scholar Paul F. Grendler offers a detailed and authoritative account of the universities of Renaissance Italy. Beginning with brief narratives of the origins and development of each university, Grendler explores such topics as the number of professors and their distribution by discipline, student enrollment (some estimates are the first attempted), famous faculty members, budget and salaries, and relations with civil authority. He discusses the timetable of lectures, student living, foreign students, the road to the doctorate, and the impact of the Counter Reformation. He shows in detail how humanism changed research and teaching, producing the medical Renaissance of anatomy and medical botany, new approaches to Aristotle, and mathematical innovation. Universities responded by creating new professorships and suppressing older ones. The book concludes with the decline of Italian universities, as internal abuses and external threats-including increased student violence and competition from religious schools-ended Italy's educational leadership in the seventeenth century.

Paul F. Grendler is a professor emeritus of history at the University of Toronto, and former president of the Renaissance Society of America. He is the editor-in-chief of the prize-winning Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and author of several books including Schooling in Renaissance Italy, winner of the American Historical Associati...
Title:The Universities of the Italian RenaissanceFormat:PaperbackDimensions:616 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 1.26 inPublished:September 29, 2004Publisher:Johns Hopkins University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801880556

ISBN - 13:9780801880551

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Table of Contents


1 Macerata 1540-1541

2 Salerno 1592

3 Messina 1596

4 Parma 1601

5 Incomplete Universities

6 Paper Universities

7 Conclusion

Chapter 5: The University in Action

1 Organization of Instruction

2 Latin

3 Disputations

4 Civil Authority and Student Power

5 Professors

6 Student Living

7 Residence Colleges

8 The Doctorate

9 The Cost of Degrees

10 Alternate Paths to the Doctorate

11 Doctorates from Counts Palatine

12 The Counter Reformation

Part II: Teaching and Research

Chapter 6: The Studia Humanitatis

1 Grammar and Rhetoric in the Fourteenth-Century University

2 Humanists Avoid the University, 1370-1425

3 Humanists Join the University, 1425-1450

4 Humanistic Studies Flourish, 1450-1520

5 Court and Classroom: Changing Employment for Humanists

6 Humanistic Studies at Other Universities7 The Sixteenth Century

8 Curricular Texts

9 Teaching and Research

10 Humanists in the University: A Summation

Chapter 7: Logic

1 Logic at Padua

2 Logic at Other Universities

3 Teaching and Research

4 Demonstrative Regress

5 Conclusion

Chapter 8: Natural Philosophy

1 Aristotelian Curricular Texts

2 Greek Texts and Cemeteries

3 Inanimate World, Scientific Method, and the Soul

4 The Debate on the Immortality of the Intellective Soul

5 The Immortality of the Soul after Pomponazzi

6 Platonic Philosophy in the Universities

7 Continuity and Decline of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy

Chapter 9: The Medical Curriculum

1 Medieval Medical Knowledge

2 The Medical Curriculum in 1400

3 Medical Humanism

4 The Anatomical Renaissance

5 Bodies for Dissection

6 University Anatomy after Vesalius

7 Clinical Medicine

8 Medical Botany

9 Conclusion

Chapter 10: Theology, Metaphysics, and Scripture

1 From Medicant Order Studia to Faculties of Theology

2 Faculties of Theology

3 Doctorates of Theology

4 Theology, Metaphysics, and Scripture at the University of Padua

5 Universities Teaching Theology Continuously

6 Universities Reluctant to Teach Theology

7 Erasmus' Doctorate of Theology

8 Teaching Texts

9 The Reputation of Theology

10 Italian Convent and University Theology 1400-1600

Chapter 11: Moral Philosophy

1 Moral Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages

2 Humanistic Moral Philosophy at the University of Florence

3 Moral Philosophy in Other Universities

4 Teaching Moral Philosophy

Chapter 12: Mathematics

1 Statutory Texts

2 The Renaissance of Mathematics

3 Professors of Astrology, Astronomy and Mathematics

4 Luca Pacioli

5 The Progress of Mathematics

Chapter 13: Law

1 Mos Italicus

2 Teaching Texts

3 Humanistic Jurisprudence

4 The Decline of Canon Law

5 Padua and Bologna

6 Pavia and Rome

7 Siena and the Sozzini

8 Florence and Pisa

9 The Other Universities

10 Conclusion

Part III: Recessional

Chapter 14: Decline

1 Concern for the Universities

2 Competition from Religious Order Schools: The Jesuit School at Padua

3 Competition from Religious Order Schools: Schools for Nobles

4 Degrees from Local Colleges of Law and Medicine

5 Private Teaching and Other Pedagogical Abuses

6 Private Anatomy Teaching at Padua

7 The Shrinking Academic Calendar

8 Financial Problems

9 Faculty Provincialism

10 Student Violence

11 Positive Developments

12 A Weakened Institution

Chapter 15: Conclusion

Appendix: Faculty Size and Student Enrollments


Editorial Reviews

No brief review can do justice to Paul A. Grendler's elegant study of Italian Renaissance universities. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance requires close reading and will doubtless become the definitive analysis of higher education in the period. Grendler blends the same depth of archival knowledge, familiarity with the secondary literature, organization, and clear writing that characterize his earlier works on Renaissance education.