The University in the Making of the Welfare State: The 1970s Degree Reform in Finland by Marja JalavaThe University in the Making of the Welfare State: The 1970s Degree Reform in Finland by Marja Jalava

The University in the Making of the Welfare State: The 1970s Degree Reform in Finland

byMarja Jalava

Paperback | February 6, 2012

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In just a couple of decades, Finland evolved from one of Europe’s lowest educated countries to the top performer of the international PISA ranking. Behind this «success story», there was a conscious strategy to use educational policies for creating a more equal society. Tracing the development of Finnish higher education system after WWII, this book depicts the role of educational expansion in the making of the welfare state. It focuses on the 1970s degree reform and the challenges brought by the 1973 Oil Crisis, resulting in the rise of New Public Management. Though meticulously planned, the reform was a struggle between various actors with conflicting strategies and goals; between educational optimism and scarce resources, academic values and instrumentalism, social justice and elitism.
Marja Jalava is Academy Research Fellow in the Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies at the University of Helsinki. She has published widely on modern and contemporary Finnish and Nordic history, intellectual history, and the history of historiography.
Title:The University in the Making of the Welfare State: The 1970s Degree Reform in FinlandFormat:PaperbackDimensions:8.27 × 5.83 × 0.68 inPublished:February 6, 2012Publisher:Peter Lang GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der WissenschaftenLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:363158461X

ISBN - 13:9783631584613

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Table of Contents

Contents: Nordic Countries – Welfare State – Finland – Higher Education – Idea of the University – Social Equality – Human Capital – Economic Growth – Regional Politics – State Planning – Social Transformation – Ministry of Education – Degree Reform – Student Movement – Think Tanks – New Public Management – PISA Surveys.

Editorial Reviews

«Dieses Buch ist eine herausragende Studie. Zum einen zeigt seine Autorin, die finnische Historikerin Marja Jalava, wie gewinnbringend die Geschichte der Hochschulreform geschrieben werden kann, wenn man sie nicht als kleinteilige Universitätshistorie, sondern als Geschichte eines durch gesellschaftliche Aushandlungsprozesse gekennzeichneten und auf vielfältige Weise interagierenden sozialen Feldes konzipiert. Zum anderen macht die gerade einmal 170 Seiten zählende Monographie eine eklatante Forschungslücke innerhalb der europäischen Bildungs- und Zeitgeschichte sichtbar.» (Anne Rohstock, H-Soz-u-Kult 106, 2013/1)