The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism…

Hardcover | March 20, 2014

byStephen J. C. Andes

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As in Europe, secular nation building in Latin America challenged the traditional authority of the Roman Catholic Church in the early twentieth century. In response, Catholic social and political movements sought to contest state-led secularisation and provide an answer to the "socialquestion", the complex set of problems associated with urbanisation, industrialisation, and poverty. As Catholics mobilised against the secular threat, they also struggled with each other to define the proper role of the Church in the public sphere. This study utilizes recently opened files at the Vatican pertaining to Mexico's post-revolutionary Church-state conflict known as the Cristero Rebellion (1926-1929). However, looking beyond Mexico's exceptional case, the work employs a transnational framework, enabling a better understanding of thesupranational relationship between Latin American Catholic activists and the Vatican. To capture this world historical context, Andes compares Mexico to Chile's own experience of religious conflict. Unlike past scholarship, which has focused almost exclusively on local conditions, Andes seeks toanswer how diverse national visions of Catholicism responded to papal attempts to centralize its authority and universalize Church practices worldwide.The Politics of Transnational Catholicism applies research on the interwar papacy, which is almost exclusively European in outlook, to a Latin American context. The national cases presented illuminate how Catholicism shaped public life in Latin America as the Vatican sought to define Catholicparticipation in Mexican and Chilean national politics. It reveals that Catholic activism directly influenced the development of new political movements such as Christian Democracy, which remained central to political life in the region for the remainder of the twentieth century.

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As in Europe, secular nation building in Latin America challenged the traditional authority of the Roman Catholic Church in the early twentieth century. In response, Catholic social and political movements sought to contest state-led secularisation and provide an answer to the "socialquestion", the complex set of problems associated wi...

Stephen J. C. Andes received his doctorate at Oxford University and is assistant professor in the history of Latin America at Louisiana State University. The Mexico Section of the Latin American Studies Association awarded him the best dissertation prize in 2010-2011. His recent work includes an article exploring the impact of the Vat...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:264 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.01 inPublished:March 20, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199688486

ISBN - 13:9780199688487

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Vatican Policy and Political Catholicism in Latin America before 1920PART I: THE VATICAN and MEXICO IN THE 1920s2. Catholic Activism in Revolutionary Mexico, c. 1920-19253. The Vatican and Mexico's Cristero Rebellion, 1926-1929PART II: THE VATICAN and CHILE IN THE 1920s4. A Transnational Triangle: The Vatican, Chilean Catholics, and Mexico's Cristero Rebellion5. Precursors to Chilean Christian Democracy, c. 1920-1930PART III: CONTESTING CATHOLIC ACTION6. The Vatican and Mexican Lay Activists after the Cristero Rebellion7. The Vatican, Chilean Conservatives, and Social Catholics in the 1930s8. A Convergence in Rome: The 1933 Iberoamerican CongressConclusionBibliography