The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking

Paperback | January 28, 2009

byPhil Washburn

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The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking takes an innovative, practical, and accessible approach to teaching critical thinking and reasoning skills. With the underlying notion that a good way to practice fundamental reasoning skills is to learn to name them, the text explores one hundred and eightwords that are important to know and employ within any discipline. These words are about comparing, generalizing, explaining, inferring, judging sources, evaluating, referring, assuming, and creating - actions used to assess relationships and arguments - and the words are grouped according to theseand other concepts essential to critical thinking. Featuring five or more words and an introduction on how they are related, each chapter is organized into three parts. Part I includes definitions of the words, brief examples of their use, and a matching exercise. To further contextualize the words,Part II, Understanding the Meaning, provides numerous real-world examples, with commentary, of the words in use. Finally, Part III, Applying the Words, offers opportunities to employ the words in exercises and writing tasks, further enhancing understanding and providing practice of the associatedcritical thinking skills. Questions also appear throughout the chapters to encourage reflection and to highlight important points. Thirty-five photographs and illustrations additionally enrich the text.The book is an ideal text for critical thinking and reasoning courses as well as a variety of courses that prepare students to succeed in college: Freshman Orientation, Developing Study Skills, etc.

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The Vocabulary of Critical Thinking takes an innovative, practical, and accessible approach to teaching critical thinking and reasoning skills. With the underlying notion that a good way to practice fundamental reasoning skills is to learn to name them, the text explores one hundred and eightwords that are important to know and employ ...

Phil Washburn is Master Teacher in the General Studies Program at the School of Continuing and Professional Studies at New York University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:416 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.68 inPublished:January 28, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195324803

ISBN - 13:9780195324808

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Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroductionPart 1: Comparing1. to compare2. to contrast3. to distinguish4. analogy5. metaphor6. modelPart 2: Generalizing7. to generalize8. sample9. stereotype10. to classify11. criterionPart 3: Reasoning12. statement13. argument14. conclusion15. evidence16. to infer17. reason18. reasoningPart 4: Fact and Opinion19. fact20. opinion21. to confirm22. source23. critical24. premisePart 5: Reliable Sources25. reliable26. first-hand27. expert28. credentials29. consensus30. objective31. to fabricatePart 6: Degrees of Belief32. possible33. probable34. plausible35. convincing36. certain37. skeptical38. dogmaticPart 7: Cause and Effect39. immediate cause40. remote cause41. contributing factor42. coincidence43. necessary condition44. sufficient conditionPart 8: Scientific Thinking45. hypothesis46. experiment47. variables48. controlled experiment49. a study50. correlationPart 9: Explaining51. to explain52. theory53. to predict54. story55. motive56. susperstitionPart 10: Valuing57. to value58. priority59. goal60. means and ends61. principle62. to evaluate63. to recommendPart 11: Justifying64. standard65. to justify66. prejudice67. impartial68. conflict of interest69. universal70. relativePart 12: Types of Reasoning71. to imply72. to support73. to suggest74. to prove75. to refute76. to deducePart 13: Mistakes in Reasoning77. fallacy78. propaganda79. irrelevant80. to rationalize81. slippery slope82. ad hominem83. false dilemma84. to beg the questionPart 14: Meaning85. to refer86. to mean87. concept88. to define89. connotation90. abstractPart 15: Problems with Language91. ambiguous92. vague93. loaded term94. to characterize95. rhetoric96. ironyPart 16: Assuming97. to assume98. point of view99. context100. to intrepret101. inconsistent102. to contradictPart 17: Creative Thinking103. creative104. association105. brainstorming106. stimulus107. fantasy108. to modifyFor Further StudyIndex