The Wave: In The Pursuit Of The Rogues, Freaks And Giants Of The Ocean

Paperback | May 31, 2011

bySusan Casey

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A riveting and rollicking tour-de-force about the terrifying power of nature's most deadly phenomena — colossal waves — and the scientists and super surfers who are obsessed with them.

The New York Times bestselling author of The Devil's Teeth probes the dramatic convergence of baffling gargantuan waves that pummel oil rigs and sink massive ships, the extreme surfers willing to stare down death in order to ride them, and the marine scientists trying to unlock the physics of these waves, the climate changes that are provoking them, and what chaos they might wreak. Susan Casey explores the phenomenon of monster waves and how they have become an obsession for extreme surfers like Laird Hamilton — who serves as the author's guide as she takes the reader into the intense, white-knuckle world of 100-foot waves.


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A riveting and rollicking tour-de-force about the terrifying power of nature's most deadly phenomena — colossal waves — and the scientists and super surfers who are obsessed with them.The New York Times bestselling author of The Devil's Teeth probes the dramatic convergence of baffling gargantuan waves that pummel oil rigs and sink mas...

SUSAN CASEY is the author of the New York Times bestseller The Devil's Teeth: A True Story of Obsession and Survival Among America's Great White Sharks. She served as creative director of Outside Magazine, where she was part of the editorial team that developed the stories behind the bestselling books Into Thin Air and The Perfect Stor...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:432 pages, 7.99 × 5.19 × 0.92 inPublished:May 31, 2011Publisher:Doubleday CanadaLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0385666683

ISBN - 13:9780385666688

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Customer Reviews of The Wave: In The Pursuit Of The Rogues, Freaks And Giants Of The Ocean

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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Exhilarating! I really enjoyed this book, its a fabulous example of adventure writing and a study in extremes. Casey writes with a deft and descriptive prose and manages to leave us in suspense, a feat that is rare for me in non-fiction. Casey spent the better part of a year studying the two types of waves that reach extreme heights and crest with crushing power. Those that we see in the middle of the ocean that have the power to destroy oil rigs and rip apart tanker ships and those that form in shallower waters and whose enigmatic pull has called to surfers for years. Much of the book follows prolific surfer Laird Hamilton and his crew as they travel the world for the biggest waves. There are action sequences involving sharks, accidents, record breaking waves, and shifting tectonic plates that makes for a thrilling work of narrative non-fiction. I am the farthest thing from an expert but a quick search on the internet tells me some of Casey's info might already by outdated and those looking for a purely scientific analysis of the ocean and how it works might be disappointed as two thirds of this book is spent with the surfers and the other third details the unpredictable and unknowable ways of the waves. Although all in all, I was pleasantly surprised, it was a great ride. Pick up the book if you are looking for a thrilling ride on the waves.
Date published: 2013-06-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Look at this book, consider it, then TAKE THE PLUNGE!!! A seriously AMAZING book. I hardly give books a 5/5 rating, but this book honestly deserves it. I wrote a whole review on this book only to have the website freeze and I lost the entire review.... but I'm back again to just say that you can't put this book back on the shelf without browsing through it first. There are amazing chapters in this book that make you want to re-read them just to understand the gravity of the situations after the author has given you the full picture. Susan Casey takes you from Hawaii to Tahiti, to California, to Alaska, to Europe and to South Africa. She brings her passion for the oceans and waves to the forefront and has produced a very satisfying work of non-fiction. She makes you completely JEALOUS of her adventures with the Big Wave Surfers and makes you wish that you could be THERE for one of those ocean-side moments. Some highlights include these very very cool chapters: "Mavericks", "Killers", "Egypt" and "I Never Saw Anything Like It". BTW, I've been selling books for close to 6 years and there are very few books that I have given a 5/5 rating.... look at this book, consider it, and take the plunge!
Date published: 2011-07-14

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THE GRAND EMPRESSHaving wandered some distance among gloomy rocks, I came to the entrance of a great cavern… Two contrary emotions arose in me, fear and desire - fear of the threatening dark cavern, desire to see whether there were any marvelous things in it.Leonardo da VinciHAIKU, HAWAIIEight miles east on Maui's Hana Highway, in the shadow of the Haleakala volcano, away from the tourists streaming to the island's lush southern beaches, there is a candy box of a town called Paia. Only a few blocks in size, its streets thrum with locals-only bars, open-air seafood joints, yoga studios, shops selling bikinis and hemp T-shirts and dolphin-themed art. The peace-love-aloha vibe aside, Paia's main purpose is instantly obvious: every vehicle bristles with surfboards.The surfers are headed to Spreckelsville and Hookipa, nearby stretches of the north shore where the waves are consistently lively. Both areas are wild and exposed; neither is a spot for beginners. Compared to what lies a little farther up the road, however, they're a pair of kiddie pools. The true spectacle requires another five miles of driving, past the blink-or-you'll-miss-it town of Haiku, down a red-dirt path bearing the signs "No Trespassing," "Beware of Dog," and "Authorized Personnel Only," and through a sea of green pineapple fields. At the foot of those fields, there is a cliff.It's a lonely spot with a harsh beauty, blasted by wind and pummeled by the sea that surges in, three hundred feet below. But a half mile offshore, a number of geological features have combined to create something even more dramatic and foreboding: a giant wave called Pe'ahi, also known by its nickname, Jaws.For about 360 days a year Jaws lies dormant, indistinguishable from the seas around it, waiting for the right conditions to come along and set it off, like a match to a gas leak. This is one of the first places the North Pacific storms hit, menacing splotches on the radar maps spiraling down from the Aleutian Islands. When a powerful enough storm arrives, all of its energy - which has traveled through water hundreds and even thousands of feet deep - trips on Jaws' fan-shaped reef. Deep channels on either side of the reef, carved by millennia of lava flow and freshwater drainage from the Pe'ahi Valley, above, funnel the energy inward and upward. (Imagine a runaway Mack truck suddenly hitting a ramp.)The result is sixty-, seventy-, and eighty-foot waves, so beautifully shaped and symmetrical that they might have come from Poseidon's modeling agency. The white feathering as the wave begins to crest, the spectrum of blues from rich lapis to pale turquoise, the roundness of its barrel, the billowing fields of whitewater when it comes crashing down - when you envision the cartoon-perfect giant wave, the gorgeous snarling beast of Japanese landscape paintings, what you are seeing is Jaws.As far back as the 1960s surfers had been coming to the cliff and eyeballing Jaws. "This is a super freak wave," the famed surfer Gerry Lopez said after one reconnaissance. "Looking at it makes you physically nauseous." Lopez, a 1970s pioneer on some of the Pacific's most fearsome waves, had originally nicknamed Jaws "Atom Blaster," because "it broke like an atomic bomb." That didn't stop people from wanting to ride it, though, and when tow surfing came along, they got their chance. They learned a few things right away. Most important: like all sets of jaws, this one had a tendency to snap shut, swallowing anything unfortunate enough to be inside it. And its teeth… well, they were more like fangs.On a gusty afternoon in late October 2007, I sat in the passenger seat of a battered golf cart as it drove past the Pe'ahi cliff and wound down a steep, stony path toward the ocean. At the wheel was Teddy Casil, a rugged Hawaiian with a bouncer's physique and a don't-mess-with-me vibe. With his left hand, Casil alternated steering the vehicle with drinking a can of Coors Light; in his right hand he held a large machete. Every so often we stopped so he could hack off some jungly tentacle that was blocking our way. At times the path became so precipitous and twisty and thick with red mud that I thought we might just cartwheel to the bottom. But this was no ordinary golf cart. It had been jacked up, fitted with knobby tires, Recaro seats, all-wheel drive, and safety netting. It was ready for anything, its owner made sure of that. And he was right behind us, driving an enormous tractor: Laird Hamilton.Hamilton, as mentioned, is not the typical small and wiry surfer dude you see on the World Cup Tour, doing flippy tricks in ten-foot waves. He's a large guy, and visibly powerful, a huge advantage in the biggest seas. His back muscles, shaped by decades of paddling, are so defined that they almost seem to push him forward. It is when sitting atop a piece of earth-moving machinery or balanced at the peak of a seventy-foot wave that Hamilton most comfortably fits into scale. Not every successful life seems inevitable, but in this case it's as though fate set out to tailor-make a human being for one specific pursuit. Hamilton's size, his abilities, his mind-set, his upbringing - everything pointed him into the ocean's heaviest conditions.California-born but Hawaii-bred, he was raised with the planet's most famous surf break - Pipeline - only steps from the house on Oahu's north shore where he lived with his mother, JoAnn, and his stepfather, Bill Hamilton, a star big-wave rider in the 1960s and 1970s. (The story of how three-year-old Laird selected his own father is etched into surf-world lore. His biological father having left the scene shortly after his birth, Laird encountered Bill Hamilton, then a seventeen-year-old fledgling pro surfer, on the beach. The two connected instantly and body-surfed together for an hour or two, the child clinging to the teenager's back. Afterward Laird told him, "I think you need to come home and meet my mother." Bill Hamilton and JoAnn Zerfas married eleven months later.) And if all that didn't make for a perfect enough petri dish, Gerry Lopez lived next door, acting as a mentor. When Hamilton was six, his father decided to escape Oahu's growing crowds by moving the family to the wilds of Kauai, at the northern tip of the Hawaiian Islands, where the Pacific storms hit first and hardest.Back then Kauai was a kind of Hawaiian Hades all but closed to outsiders, and Wainiha, the north shore encampment where the Hamiltons lived, was a rugged, isolated backwater where things like electricity and indoor plumbing were scarce. Though it's hard to imagine Laird Hamilton being picked on, his non-native status made school one perpetual fight. Surfing was a way to channel the frustration; by age thirteen Hamilton had become a respected presence at Kauai's most demanding breaks. Between the fierce Na Pali Coast in his front yard and the serpentine rivers that streamed off Mount Wai'ale'ale (a 5,200-foot volcanic peak that has the distinction of being the wettest spot on earth) in his backyard, Hamilton said, “I just happened to grow up in the most aggressive water in the world."When I decided to head out in search of giant waves, he was the obvious person to call. Our paths had crossed before. During the 1990s I'd worked at a magazine that covered extreme sports, and Hamilton's exploits qualified, to say the least. Over the years I followed his career as it progressed from "Hey, what's he doing?" to "Oh my God, look at what he's doing!" to a level even beyond that, where the most common response was speechless gaping. By the time Hamilton turned thirty he was already hailed as a legend; now, at forty-three, he was still considered the greatest big-wave rider, despite a talented pack of would-be successors trying their best to dethrone him.Not only did he ride waves that others considered unrideable, at Jaws and elsewhere, but he did it with a trademark intensity, positioning himself deeper in the pit, carving bottom turns that would cause a lesser set of legs to crumple, rocketing up and down the face, and playing chicken with the lip as it hovered overhead, poised to release a hundred thousand tons of angry water. He seemed to know exactly what the ocean was going to do, and to stay a split second ahead of it.That intimacy, that rare knowledge of what it feels like to be part of an eighty-foot wave - to be in it, to be on it - was something I wanted to understand. So I had come to Maui. This was where tow surfing had been brought to the world's attention, and Jaws was still the gold standard for giant waves. It was also the reason why Hamilton lived on this island, at the top of these pineapple fields: Jaws was literally in his backyard. During a big swell he can feel the wave before he sees it. The ground shakes for miles.When I'd arrived at his house earlier in the day, Hamilton and Casil were digging a ditch. If the waves were absent Hamilton channeled his energy into working on his land, to tending it and building on it and clearing brush off it. In particular, he loved to move large hunks of it around so that a steeplechase racetrack for golf carts could be created, or a 700,000-gallon pond with a twenty-foot cliff jump carved out of a hillside. Casil, a friend who also helped manage the property, was usually there working with him.As I stood watching the ditch grow deeper, I noticed a line of steely clouds massing on the skyline. This was typical Maui weather, sudden squalls followed by soft rainbows. In the ocean there were smallish waves coming from the west. But it was almost November, when the Pacific storm swells would begin to arrive, swapping average conditions for threatening ones. Likely Hamilton had that calendar on his mind when he stepped back from his digging and turned to me. His hair, skin, shorts, and boots were all covered in a brownish-red dust. "You wanted to swim out to Pe'ahi?" he said. "Today's a good day."I did want to do this. After hearing haunting descriptions of the seafloor topography that creates the wave, I was curious to see it. Some people said the reef was shaped like a fan. Others said it was pointed like an arrow and that its apex disappeared into the gloom of the sea. I'd heard talk of a "tongue of lava" down there, which seemed appropriate for Jaws but also fairly sinister. Hamilton's close friend and fellow big-wave rider, Brett Lickle, had described Jaws' seafloor as being riddled with pits and overhangs and caverns. "It's not this beautiful flat thing down there," he said, describing how during a wipeout "there are tons of little holes and places that you can get stuck.""So it's calm out there right now?" I asked.Hamilton smirked. "Well, for this time of the year, yeah. About as calm as it's gonna get."As Hamilton, Casil, and I emerged from the thick vegetation the trail opened up into a cove at the base of the cliffs. Surf heaved in and out against the boulders that ringed its shoreline. The place had an almost northern feel, with fir and pine trees bent at arthritic angles from the wind. There was no hint of the Maui depicted in tourist brochures, nowhere to gradually wade in, no white sand beach. We were two bays up the coast from Jaws, maybe a mile away by water. Casil popped open another Coors Light and set off up the path to do some trail maintenance, followed by Hamilton's two rat terriers, Buster and Speedy, their tails twitching with happiness.Hamilton, standing in surf shorts and mud-encrusted Wellingtons, gestured toward the water. "Are you ready?" he said. "Do you have your mask? I need you to have good visibility, because we're going to be swimming close to the rocks." As he pulled off his boots, and a rust-colored sock that was once white, I noticed that his right foot was bruised a vivid purple. "The other day I dropped a hundred-pound bench on my foot," he explained. "I broke a toe and dislocated all of the knuckles." He said this in the tone of voice that someone might use to describe a slight irritation, a blister perhaps, or mild sunburn. When you consider what Hamilton's feet have endured - it was. He has snapped his left ankle five times while tow surfing, the joint straining against his foot straps with such force that it finally gave way. One time the bone shattered so sharply that it poked through his skin. He has also broken every toe on his feet (most more than once), fractured both arches multiple times, and lost most of his toenails.Following him, I edged my way down a tumble of black basalt rocks. Some were slick with red algae that had a ticklish feel. Where ocean met land, the surf swelled and bashed. I watched as Hamilton timed the waves, jumping when one receded but before the next arrived, quickly clearing himself from the impact zone. I looked down. Sea cucumbers and limpets made S-shapes on the rocks. When I saw the whitewater wash back over them, I jumped.The water was a dusky aquamarine, milky with turbulence. As I adjusted my mask and looked around I saw a field of boulders below, as though we were swimming over a huge upside-down egg carton. It was an elemental place, a seascape of broken rock on an island born from the wrenchings of a volcano. Describing Jaws' surrounding waters earlier, Hamilton said that the wave's intensity made it hard for marine life to thrive anywhere around it. He was right. This was no place for the ornamental or the fragile. The delicate seahorses and cute unicorn fish that floated above reefs on the island's leeward side would last about five minutes in this washing machine.Hamilton took off in a hail of bubbles. I tried to follow his fins as he threaded through the rocks, but waves tossed me around and I lost sight of him immediately. I steered away from the shoreline to get my bearings. Hamilton's snorkel popped up for an instant and then vanished again beneath a whitecap. For him, swimming out to Jaws on a day when it wasn't breaking was like taking a boat tour of Niagara Falls after you'd already gone over it in a barrel, a deep anticlimax. For me, on the other hand, it was a combination of fear and fascination, the feeling you'd get if you peered into a monster's den while it was asleep.We headed diagonally across the bay. After a few hundred yards Hamilton stopped and pointed down: "See that hole? That's a miniature version of what's on the reef." Below us lay a maze of rocks; some rounded, some flat, some with sharp, angular corners. They were heaped together in a brutal mosaic, with thin paths snaking between them. In the center was a darker crevice, about the width of a human body.Jaws' epicenter lay a half mile ahead, but already I could sense that we were in the neighborhood. The water turned abruptly from marine blue to navy-black as the bottom dropped off. Against the darkness it was easy to envision the hazy outline of a tiger shark, its stripe pattern almost a shadow on its massive body. I would have preferred to sprint across this section, but Hamilton stopped and raised his mask. He gestured to some cruel-looking rocks offshore. "A lot of guys wash up on these rocks. See, there'ss a piece of rescue sled." I looked and saw a white shard jutting up like a dagger, a remnant of the six-foot-long sled that connects to the back of the Jet Ski. Over the years dozens of surfboards, rescue sleds, and Jet Skis had met their end on those rocks, as acres of whitewater boiled toward the cliff. Every forward escape route dead-ended here; anyone stuck nearby would be powerless to avoid the collision. I had always known this was a serious place. But at that moment, seeing the wreckage, it hit me in a visceral way. There were just so many things that could go wrong out here.It is impossible to think about Hamilton - and Jaws - without figuring Dave Kalama, Darrick Doerner, and Brett Lickle into the picture. Emerging from the larger Strapped group as a tighter unit, the four men shared two key traits: extreme competence in mammoth surf, and a willingness to perform rescues, no matter how dicey the situation. These things were critical because, above all, tow surfing was a team sport. Any surfer who fell at Jaws wasn't getting out of there alone. There was a brief window, maybe a fifteen-second interval between waves, in which a driver had to sight his partner's head in the churning foam, dart in on the Jet Ski, grab him, and get out before the next wave came hurtling down. (Along with its size, Jaws moves with uncommon velocity, approaching forty miles per hour.) It soon became clear that not everyone was up to the task. People froze on the sidelines, or pretended to be very busy elsewhere while their partners floundered in the impact zone. "There were the guys who would come get you and the guys who wouldn't come get you," Hamilton said. "And there was a separation, a big gap, between the getters and the non-getters." Hamilton, Kalama, Doerner, and Lickle were concerted "getters," rescuing anyone who needed help, even surfers they didn't know or whose boneheaded actions had virtually guaranteed a fall.Kalama and Lickle had begun their wave-riding careers as windsurfers at Hookipa, an exposed stretch of ocean just a few miles from Jaws. For Kalama it was a homecoming; his father's family is one of Hawaii's oldest and most respected, and though he'd been raised in southern California and had a successful stint as a ski racer, Maui called him back. With his curly blond hair and green eyes, Kalama didn't look much like a native Hawaiian, but right from the start he surfed like one. In short order he mastered windsurfing, then expanded his repertoire to include surf canoeing, outrigger paddling, standup surfing, and of course, tow surfing. Kalama was softer spoken and slightly less physically imposing than Hamilton, but of all the men he came closest to equaling him in the waves.Lickle was from Delaware. At twenty-one he'd come to Maui on a vacation, decided he'd found his ideal place, and vowed to return for good. Back east he registered his intentions by rigging a windsurfer in his bedroom and hanging from the harness for hours at a time. Tough, funny, and burly, he'd established himself in 1987 by windsurfing a fifty-foot wave on Maui's north shore that was, at the time, the biggest anyone had ever ridden.For all the craziness of his chosen profession, however, the forty-seven-year-old Lickle had learned the meaning of caution. Over time people's horrendous injuries and his own near misses had taught him that even the best get unlucky. He believed in instinct, intuition, and the wisdom of listening to that faint, whispering voice in your head when it advises you to stay onshore. "Sometimes if it doesn't feel right, I'll put my board right back in the car," he said.Doerner lived on Oahu, one of the most venerated lifeguards on that island's north shore. Double D, as he was known, had plucked hundreds of people out of seething ocean conditions. While others locked up in panic, Doerner reacted in the opposite way, becoming calmer and more intensely focused under duress. This ability earned him a second nickname: the Ice Man. Even in the pre-towing days, he was an accomplished big-wave surfer. He and Hamilton met on Oahu in the 1980s, bonded over their desire to ride even more formidable waves, and then conducted their first towing experiments on the outer reefs beyond Sunset and Pipeline.The four men adhered to the Polynesian concept of the "waterman," a code that required a surfer to be as all-around confident in the ocean as he was on land. The modern prototype was Duke Kahanamoku, the Hawaiian Olympic swimming champion who also introduced surfing to the world in the 1920s. Like Duke and the Hawaiian kings before him, a true waterman could swim for hours in the most treacherous conditions, save people's lives at will, paddle for a hundred miles if necessary, and commune with all ocean creatures, including large sharks. He understood his environment. He could sense the wind's subtlest shifts and know how that would affect the water. He could navigate by the stars. Not only could he ride the waves, he knew how the waves worked. Most important, a waterman always demonstrated the proper respect for his element. He recognized that the ocean operated on a scale that made even the greatest human initiative seem puny.Not to behave with humility at Jaws, therefore, was the ultimate karmic sin. "As soon as you think, I've got this place wired. I'm the man!," Lickle said, "you're about thirty minutes away from being pinned on the bottom for the beating of your life."All of them, even Hamilton, had survived rag-doll wipeouts on massive faces. They knew what it felt like to be pummeled by the wave, come to the surface, and then be efficiently whisked to safety by a partner who had his act together. That feeling was far more poignant than mere relief. "You come away and you've cheated something," Lickle said. "I don't like to say death but it''s true. It's like you've been given another ticket." To Hamilton's mind, the real peril in falling wasn't physical, even in the case of fatal injury: "You wouldn't even know. It'd be the people you left behind." His deepest fear, he said, was not death but rather "being pounded so bad that psychologically you don't recover."It was New Year's Day 2000 when this almost happened to Dave Kalama. Jaws was pumping out fifty-foot waves, and Kalama was feeling aggressive. "I was thinking, 'I am just gonna tear this place up today,'" he said. His usual partner, Hamilton, was off the island, so Lickle had towed him into three gorgeous, glassy waves. Then: the fourth. This wave was an ugly stepsister, its face studded with bumps. When Kalama hit one the wrong way he found himself flying backward, looking up at the curling, menacing lip. He remembers thinking, This is going to get interesting.Sucked over the falls, the most disastrous place to be, he caught a flash of blue sky before being slammed down and driven thirty feet deep. Panicking burns oxygen, so he tried to stay calm, tucking in his arms and legs as the wave released its energy, then making for the surface. He was inches from getting a breath when the next wave hit, pinballing him back into the depths. Two wave hold-downs were serious. This might be it, Kalama thought, but let's see.When the second wave released him, he broke the surface and saw Lickle nearby. Kalama grabbed the rescue sled, but another mountain of water was already upon them. When it hit, the Ski was sucked backward into a whitewater hole, and Kalama was ripped off the sled and thrust down again, even deeper this time: "I could feel it by the pressure in my ears."Whitewater blocks out the light, so below the surface everything was black. Kalama, exhausted and disoriented, didn't know which way was up. He began to convulse, his body straining to take a lungful of water while his mind was still barely able to prevent it. Later, he would be told that this is the first stage of drowning.By luck or skill or grace he resurfaced, and again Lickle was there. Kalama made a desperate lunge for the sled. But Jaws wasn't done with him yet - another wave exploded on top of them and sent the Ski tumbling. "We were rolling underwater," Kalama said. Lickle's feet smacked Kalama's head, but both men held tight and in thirty seconds they were back in calmer waters. "Kind of a rough way to start the new century," Kalama said. "It was baby steps to build my confidence back up. It took me three years to feel like I was in control again.""That's Jaws beach," Hamilton said, treading water and pointing toward the shore.I could make out a small, crescent-shaped indentation about eight hundred yards away, filled with rocks. More than that, I could hear it. As the waves swept in and out, the rocks rolled forward and backward, making a sound like an avalanche of bocce balls. It was a rasping, raking noise that was frankly terrifying. I'd read that the ancient Hawaiians considered this a sacred place and held ceremonies on the cliffs above. I could see why. They believed that every last stone and leaf and flower and drop of water contained a spiritual life force, called mana, as surely as people and animals did. All things in nature were fully alive. If you shut your eyes and listened to the rocks clacking and grinding, it was as though Pe'ahi had a voice. We swam on. As we approached the mouth of Jaws, the bottom features changed from midsize rocks to slabs and shelves and monoliths, an aquatic Stonehenge. Here, then, were the molars (and some pointy incisors). The reef was larger than I'd expected - to make out its shape you'd need an aerial view - and also starker, meaner, and more forbidding. Beneath its blue surface, Jaws was a study in grays: slate gray, gray-black, teal-gray, a pale whitish gray. Part of its eeriness, I realized, came from the ghost town atmosphere: there wasn't a fish to be seen. Usually when you're swimming around rocks, you can look down and pick out creatures everywhere. Not here.I looked around for Hamilton and couldn't find him. There was an instant of panic, and then something flashed below me. Hamilton had dived to the seafloor - forty feet down. I could see his blond hair, brilliant against the gloom. Floating in the swells, I watched as he wound through tunnels and between rocks for what seemed like an aeon. Once I had asked him how long he could hold his breath underwater, figuring this was something he practiced. "There's a school of thought that says you don't train for what you don't want to happen," he replied. "I don't want to consciously know how long I can hold my breath. I just know that so far - long enough."Hamilton resurfaced, holding a handful of the bottom. It wasn't a fine-grained sand but rather a rough mixture of broken stones. Jaws is not the kind of place that invites lingering, and we turned to head back. The afternoon had ebbed and the water took on an even blacker cast as the sun slipped behind the cliffs. Above us, the gnarled silhouettes of wind-bent trees stood out in sharper relief. The waves were choppier now, the wind angrier. Hamilton stroked toward the rocks, the tightest line available.I decided to take a longer route to stay away from the rocks, as that made it less likely I would be dashed against them. As I swam, I tried to calm my nerves. There is nothing more unsettling than being alone in a spooky patch of ocean. When three large gray fish darted in front of me, I reared up like I'd been attacked.Back near the spot where we'd jumped in, Hamilton waited fifty yards offshore. Waves were now exploding against the rocks. "So you'll follow me in," he said. It wasn't a question. We both knew the only way I'd make it onto shore in one piece was to suspend my judgment and do exactly as he said. When he said go, I needed to go. If I hesitated because I wasn't sure his timing was right, I would pay. Judging waves, knowing the pulse of their energy - this was as obvious to Hamilton as any of his five senses. Looking over his shoulder at the incoming surf, he waited until a set had passed, and then he shouted, "Now!" and hightailed it in, exiting the water in a single fluid motion. I hung back an instant too long, got rolled by whitewater, scraped the rocks, and bloodied both my knees.The house where Hamilton lives with his wife and daughter presides over the pineapple fields with a low-slung, minimalist grace. It is a two-story house, planned along horizontal lines. The living area is upstairs, while the lower floor is given over to a gym and a sprawling garage that, like an airplane hangar, opens on both ends. For Hamilton the garage serves as a combination clubhouse, mission control, and storage facility. Under its roof there are many vehicles, including two old army dump trucks, a trio of souped-up golf carts, three heavy-duty Ford pickup trucks, a Range Rover, a half-dozen Honda Jet Skis on trailers, and a Yamaha jet boat. There are also mountain bikes, road bikes, kids' bikes, a tandem bike, off-road skateboards, a picnic table, two refrigerators, a restaurant-grade espresso machine, and every tool imaginable; shelves filled with generators, shop vacs, gas cans, chain saws, hacksaws, and band saws; and of course, racks and racks of surfboards. Hamilton estimates that he owns about 140 boards, ranging from sleek six-foot tow boards for riding Jaws to majestic twenty-six-foot standup boards for doing things like paddling through the entire Hawaiian Island chain.To witness the garage - Daredevil Central - is to wonder what Hamilton's wife makes of it all. But anyone who has met Gabby Reece instantly gets the answer. At six foot three, with blond hair down to her waist and an athletic résumé that includes playing NCAA volleyball and professional beach volleyball, and being the first woman to have an eponymous Nike shoe, Reece stands eye to eye with Hamilton on all matters. The two first met in 1995 when Reece, host of a television show called The Extremists, invited him on as a guest. The pair skydived together. They married two years later, in a canoe on Kauai's Hanalei River. In 2003 Reece gave birth to their first child, a girl named Reece Viola Hamilton, and that fall she was seven months pregnant with their second. (Hamilton also had a daughter, Izabela, thirteen, from a previous marriage.) Given her own sports background, Reece not only tolerated Hamilton's unusual lifestyle, she supported it wholeheartedly. "It's who he is," she'd said. "You couldn't live with him if he wasn't doing it."Poised next to Jaws, raising a family, compromising nothing: it had taken more than two decades of hard striving for Hamilton to get to this place. From the start he had turned his back on professional surfing competitions, with their judging panels and sponsorship obligations, and focused his attention entirely on giant waves. This was a noble stance, perhaps, but a decidedly noncommercial one, at least in the beginning. A sole sponsor, the French sports company Oxbow, had supported him since his early days, and Hamilton's loyalty to them ran deep. He and Kalama had also partnered in a film production company, releasing movies each year of their big days at Jaws. As Hamilton's visibility and notoriety grew - and as tow surfing captivated the mainstream - companies like American Express and Toyota came calling. Building a lucrative career had required him to hack his way down a singular path: one, in fact, that hadn't existed before him.Evening had closed in by the time we returned from our swim, pulling in front of the house next to Hamilton's two three-hundred-pound razorback pigs, Ginger and Marianne. The pigs were snuffling around, gouging divots of mud and grass. Hamilton parked the tractor, walked around the side of the house, and picked up a hose to rinse himself off. Casil disappeared into the garage. I stood looking at the fields as they turned from green to gold, and at the ocean beyond. It's one thing to be told that something is magic, I thought, and another to sense that yourself. It is the difference between seeing a picture of a thunderstorm and finding yourself in the middle of one, smelling the water in the air as the light drains from the sky, hearing the thunder. I definitely wanted to see Jaws when it broke, but even now I was beginning to understand what made the wave unique.Hamilton walked the hose across the grass and began to wash the mud off Ginger and Marianne. "Do different waves have different personalities?" I asked."Absolutely," he said quickly, then hesitated. "Pe'ahi is… hmmm… the Grand Empress." Generally Hamilton was an articulate person, and when he was passionate about something, he spoke in a rush of words. His voice had a gravelly baritone edge, not a growl exactly but getting there. When he talked about Jaws, though, his thoughts were carefully measured, his tone softer. "Just the magnitude, the sheer volume, the size of the wave, the shape of it," he said. "And it's finicky too. On any given day she'll give someone a kiss and somebody else a slap. You hope you're the one getting the kiss. But she's sensitive that way." He paused for a beat, and then laughed. "I've gotten a spank or two, but not that often. I'm real polite to her."Not everyone could say the same thing.As tow surfing headed into its second decade; as it became clear that a person could drastically change his fortunes by having his photograph taken on a seventy-foot wave (with the image zipping around the globe that same day); as wave-forecasting services sprang up so that epic conditions were no longer a local secret - a new cadre of riders was showing up on the biggest days. They were more aggressive than experienced, more brash than respectful. They hadn't spent years honing their skills and practicing rescues and cultivating their partnerships. Because of that, they were dangerous.The problem came to a head on December 15, 2004. It should have been one of the best days ever at Jaws, but instead the problems began early. "When we got there the first thing I saw was a body skipping down the face," Dave Kalama recalled. In past years there might have been ten tow teams out, all of them familiar players, treating the situation with gravitas. On that morning the scene that greeted the men looked like something out of Fellini's aquatic circus.Two thousand people lined the cliff, while below the water teemed with photographers, surfers, Jet Skis, and boatfuls of gawkers. At least forty tow teams were buzzing around, and a swarm of other vessels bobbed in the channel next to the wave. Helicopters circled overhead. Many of the top big-wave riders in the world had come to Maui for this swell, but so had dozens of surfers whose best credentials were that they could get their hands on a Jet Ski and find someone to drive it.People had worried that the hundred-foot-wave prize (the Odyssey had morphed into an event called the Billabong XXL) would lead inexperienced riders into situations that were over their heads, and the craziness of that day seemed to prove them right. Medevac helicopters hoisted out a steady stream of the injured. Jet Skis lay smashed on the rocks. One surfer took such a beating in the whitewater that his flotation vest, rash guard, and trunks were torn from his body, and he lay naked and bloody on the rescue sled as he was driven back to the channel.Kalama was stunned. "They're going straight to the Indy 500 as soon as they get their drivers' licenses," he said. Lickle was amazed: "I watched guys take off on a sixty-footer, no skill whatsoever. Whole thing hammers them on the head. They take another five waves on the head and then get back on the Ski and do the same thing over again. What's that about?" Hamilton was furious. When a Jet Ski had crossed directly in front of him as he dropped into a wave, he was forced to straighten out and surf directly into the impact zone. The violence of the crash split his lips open.Everyone agreed that half the field wouldn't have come if not for the potential prize money. When the Odyssey had first been announced, Hamilton, Kalama, Doerner, and Lickle made it clear that, far from scrambling to win the thing, they wanted nothing to do with it. "It's all about people wanting to box it up," Hamilton said, angrily. "'So-and-so rode the hundred-foot wave.' That's by chance. I don't want by chance. I want more performance. What are you doing on this hundred-foot wave that you're supposedly riding? Are you running for your life on the shoulder? Are you barely making it? Or are you ripping it apart like it's a twenty-foot wave?" Besides, he added, it was stupid to judge a wave's intensity by height alone. A thick, pugnacious shorter wave could be far more extreme than a tall, anemic one: "Would you rather be attacked by a pit bull or a Great Dane?"Here was the weird thing: after a decade of churning out at least two humongous days each season, since December 15, 2004, Jaws hadn't broken at anywhere near peak size again. Two winters had passed, a third was beginning, and still Jaws hadn’t roared. It was as though the Grand Empress had decided to punish the entire court for misbehavior.Nothing was more depressing for a big-wave rider than to have months go by when the waves went elsewhere. He felt a sense of purposelessness, frustration, and even depression, the kinds of things you'd feel if you were a mountaineer stuck on the plains, or a Formula One racer in a world that had only Ford Escorts. Hamilton's response was to train even harder, to physically exhaust himself by working outdoors or riding his mountain bike up the volcano or going on long, arduous paddles down the coast. "The busier I stay, the better," he said. "I'm here in the firehouse, waiting for the fire bell to ring."Eight days later it did.From the Hardcover edition.

Table of Contents

Introduction
The Grand Empress
Broken Skulls
Schrödinger’s Wave
Karma, Tiger Sharks, and the Golden Carrot
Wave Good-bye
Mavericks
“I Never Saw Anything Like It”
Killers
Heavy Weather
Egypt
Out, Way Out, on the Cortes Bank
The Wild Coast
At the Edge of the Horizon
Epilogue
 
Acknowledgments
Selected Bibliography


From the Hardcover edition.

Bookclub Guide

1. Why do you think there isn't more news coverage on sunken freighters, tankers, and bulk carriers? Do tragedies at sea strike a different chord in the popular imagination than say, a plane crash?2. What's the difference between surfing a wave and surviving it? What drives people to extreme situations and how does one draw the line between determination and courting disaster?3. Many big wave surfers, like Laird Hamilton, are married with children. How do you think they rationalize putting their lives on the line for what many would consider sport?4. Why do you think the psychological beating is often worse than the physical injury for surfers? Do you think Brett Lickle's mishap towards the end of the book helped him see what was really important in life or psychologically cripple him?5. Surfers and scientists have different methods of judging a wave's intensity. Is one rubric more accurate than the other?6. Susan Casey found a strong female presence in the scientific community that seems to be lacking in the surfing world. Why do you think surfing - and tow surfing in particular - seems to be so male-dominated? What drives more men than women to extreme sports?7. Why is respect for the waves so important? What happens if you lose this respect?8. Many surfers in the book refer to themselves as "watermen." They're not simply athletes or thrill seekers - they almost have a sixth sense when it comes to the water. What can we learn from these watermen in terms of how they regard and intuit the ocean? What responsibility, if any, do you think these adventurers have to the ocean and to one another?9. Historically speaking, massive geological events occur frequently, but humans generally remember devastating natural disasters within their lifetimes. Do you think this ability to forget events such as the Lisbon tsunami of 1755 and move on is part of what makes our species so resilient? Or do these sorts of memory lapses leave us ill-prepared to deal with future disasters?10. After Susan Casey witnesses a sixty-eight foot wave at Killers, she remembers Laird Hamilton's assertion - "If you can look at one of these waves and you don't believe that there's something greater than we are, then you've got some serious analyzing to do." How has your perception of the ocean - and those who study it and ride its waves - changed after reading The Wave?

Editorial Reviews

"Casey's sharktastic bestseller The Devil's Teeth announced the debut of a powerful voice in adventure writing, and her follow-up does not disappoint… [Her] writing on wave forces and maritime disasters is masterful."—Outside Magazine"[A] captivating hybrid - an intro to the mind-melting physics of waves and a ride-along with the scientists and surfers who chase after them… Fascinating."—Men's Journal"[A] breath-snatching thrill ride."—Elle"It's an exhilarating read, almost like riding a 100-foot wave yourself, but not nearly as dangerous."—Garden & Gun"Casey writes compellingly of the threat and beauty of the ocean at its most dangerous. [She] also smoothly translates the science of her subject into engaging prose. This book will fascinate anyone who has even the slightest interest in the oceans that surround us."—PW"This book is adrenalin. You don't want to surf the waves described herein. Read the book. It's safer that way."—Eddie Vedder"Like the surfers and scientists she profiles, Casey lived and breathed giant waves for years. Combine this kind of insane passion for craft with an uncanny ability to describe the indescribable and whisk the reader off to unimaginably surreal settings and scenarios, and you have the rogue talent that is Susan Casey. The Wave sucked me in like the undertow at Pipeline."—Mary Roach, author of Stiff and Packing for Mars"Reading The Wave is the closest most of us will ever come to the sensation of riding, or even seeing, one of these towering monsters of the sea. Itʼs exhilarating, astonishing, and, not infrequently, terrifying. Brace yourself."—Candice Millard, author of The River of Doubt"At once scary and fun, The Wave surprises at every turn."—Elizabeth Kolbert, author of Field Notes From a Catastrophe"Something is stewing in our seas, and Susan Casey - traveling, and in some cases swimming, all around the world - is eager to find out what it is. Both a rollicking look at the ocean's growing freakishness and a troubling examination of our ailing planet, The Wave gives new meaning to the term 'immersion reporting.'"—Hampton Sides, author of Hellhound On His TrailFrom the Hardcover edition.