The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children

Paperback | February 15, 2016

byRoss E. Cheit

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In the 1980s, a series of child sex abuse cases rocked the United States. The most famous case was the 1984 McMartin preschool case, but there were a number of others as well. By the latter part of the decade, the assumption was widespread that child sex abuse had become a serious problem inAmerica. Yet within a few years, the concern about it died down considerably. The failure to convict anyone in the McMartin case and a widely publicized appellate decision in New Jersey that freed an accused molester had turned the dominant narrative on its head. In the early 1990s, a new narrativewith remarkable staying power emerged: the child sex abuse cases were symptomatic of a "moral panic" that had produced a witch hunt. A central claim in this new witch hunt narrative was that the children who testified were not reliable and easily swayed by prosecutorial suggestion. In time, thenotion that child sex abuse was a product of sensationalized over-reporting and far less endemic than originally thought became the new common sense.But did the new witch hunt narrative accurately represent reality? As Ross Cheit demonstrates in his exhaustive account of child sex abuse cases in the past two and a half decades, purveyors of the witch hunt narrative never did the hard work of examining court records in the many cases that reachedthe courts throughout the nation. Instead, they treated a couple of cases as representative and concluded that the issue was blown far out of proportion. Drawing on years of research into cases in a number of states, Cheit shows that the issue had not been blown out of proportion at all. In fact,child sex abuse convictions were regular occurrences, and the crime occurred far more frequently than conventional wisdom would have us believe. Cheit's aim is not to simply prove the narrative wrong, however. He also shows how a narrative based on empirically thin evidence became a theory with realsocial force, and how that theory stood at odds with a far more grim reality. The belief that the charge of child sex abuse was typically a hoax also left us unprepared to deal with the far greater scandal of child sex abuse in the Catholic Church, which, incidentally, has served to substantiateCheit's thesis about the pervasiveness of the problem. In sum, The Witch-Hunt Narrative is a magisterial and empirically powerful account of the social dynamics that led to the denial of widespread human tragedy.

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In the 1980s, a series of child sex abuse cases rocked the United States. The most famous case was the 1984 McMartin preschool case, but there were a number of others as well. By the latter part of the decade, the assumption was widespread that child sex abuse had become a serious problem inAmerica. Yet within a few years, the concern ...

Ross E. Cheit is Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Brown University.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:532 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:February 15, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190465573

ISBN - 13:9780190465575

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart One: The Rise of the Witch-Hunt Narrative1. Introduction: The Infamous Child Sexual Abuse Cases of the 1980s2. The McMartin Preschool Case (1983-1990)3. Scrutinizing the Evidence of a National "Witch Hunt"4. History Ignored: Silence, Denial and MinimizationPart One ConclusionPart Two: The Triumph of the Witch-Hunt Narrative5. The Turning Point: State v. Michaels6. Going to Extremes: State v. FusterPart Two ConclusionPart Three: Recent Developments7. The Legacy of the Witch-Hunt NarrativeAcknowledgmentsBibliographic NotesAcknowledgements

Editorial Reviews

"As Gloria Steinem has said multiple times, we can try to save people from drowning one at a time, or go to the top of the river where they are falling in, and prevent these mishaps from happening at all. Cheit is at the top of the river. Now, psychologists need to come together and get theretoo." --PsycCRITIQUES