The World Heroin Market: Can Supply be Reduced?

Hardcover | April 11, 2009

byLetizia Paoli, Victoria Greenfield, Peter Reuter

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During 2000-1 in Afghanistan, the Taliban achieved a longtime goal of national and international drug policy agencies: a large, sudden, and unanticipated reduction in world opium production. This cutback provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the dynamics of the world opiate market andask whether further interventions could effectively reduce the flows of drugs. Based on an extended, multi-national study, the authors construct a new model for the trafficking of drugs and revenues and offer the first account of the world market in heroin and other illicit opiates during and afterthe 2001 ban. The authors' broader findings demonstrate how robust production, trafficking, and consumption combine to make successful long-term interventions on the supply-side rare exceedingly difficult, though specific policies can impact the organization and behavior of markets. For reductionsin both production and consumption, where the cultivation of opium is entrenched in the normal life and legitimate economy of millions of people, international agencies and foreign governments must provide adequate and long-term support to foster both alternative development policies and lawenforcement programs.

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During 2000-1 in Afghanistan, the Taliban achieved a longtime goal of national and international drug policy agencies: a large, sudden, and unanticipated reduction in world opium production. This cutback provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the dynamics of the world opiate market andask whether further interventions could eff...

Letizia Paoli is Professor of Criminology at the K.U. Leuven Faculty of Law, Belgium. Victoria Greenfield holds the Admiral Crowe Chair in Economics at the U.S. Naval Academy. Peter Reuter is Professor in the School of Public Policy and the Department of Criminology at the University of Maryland.

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Hardcover|Sep 24 2013

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:400 pages, 9.3 × 6.4 × 1.2 inPublished:April 11, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195322991

ISBN - 13:9780195322996

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements1. IntroductionPart I: The Development, Composition and Behavior of the World Opiate Market2. The Past as Prologue: The Development of the World Opiate Market and Rise of the International Control Regime3. The Contemporary Market4. Did the Taliban's Ban Really Matter?5. Keeping Track of Opiates FlowsPart II: Country Studies6. Afghanistan and Burma: The Two Dominant Producers7. India: Diversion from Licit Cultivation8. Colombia: The Emergence of a New Producer9. Tajikistan: The Rise of a Narco-StatePart III: Policy Analysis and Implications10. The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality11. Synthesis of Findings and Lessons for Policy MakingAppendicesNotes