The World of Philosophy: An Introductory Reader

Paperback | July 3, 2015

EditorSteven M. Cahn

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Accessible, flexible, and affordable, The World of Philosophy: An Introductory Reader presents philosophy in all its diverse array of thought and practice, offering standard Western historical and analytic materials alongside writings from Chinese, Indian, Native-American, African American,continental, and other sources. Approximately 25% of the contemporary readings are by women, including leading feminist theorists. Many articles have been edited to sharpen their focus and make them understandable to students with little or no background in philosophy. The readings are enhanced byintroductions, study questions, and a glossary at the end of the book. A new online Ancillary Resource Center and a Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/cahn offer additional resources for instructors and students.Featuring not only essential readings from the Western canon but also selections on compelling topics like Hindu and Buddhist conceptions of the self, Confucian and Buddhist morality, world hunger, animal rights, sexism, and racism, The World of Philosophy offers students a distinctive blend oftraditional and non-traditional perspectives.

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Accessible, flexible, and affordable, The World of Philosophy: An Introductory Reader presents philosophy in all its diverse array of thought and practice, offering standard Western historical and analytic materials alongside writings from Chinese, Indian, Native-American, African American,continental, and other sources. Approximately ...

Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of more than fifty books. Most recently, he wrote From Student to Scholar: A Candid Guide to Becoming a Professor (2008) and coauthored Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well (2015). Dr. Ca...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:576 pages, 9.21 × 7.4 × 0.91 inPublished:July 3, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190233397

ISBN - 13:9780190233396

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Table of Contents

PrefaceI. THE NATURE OF PHILOSOPHYMonroe C. Beardsley and Elizabeth Lane Beardsley: What Is Philosophy?Bertrand Russell: The Value of PhilosophyPlato: Defence of SocratesII. REASONINGWesley C. Salmon: The Scope of LogicStephen F. Barker: Improving Your ThinkingCarl G. Hempel: Scientific InquiryNancy Tuana: Science and the Practices of WomenIII. KNOWLEDGERene Descartes: Meditations on First PhilosophyGeorge Berkeley: A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human KnowledgeDavid Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human UnderstandingA. J. Ayer: What Is Knowledge?Edmund L. Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Uma Narayan: The Project of Feminist EpistemologyChristopher W. Gowans: Buddhist EpistemologyIV. REALITYA. Mind and BodyRene Descartes: Meditations on First PhilosophyGilbert Ryle: The Ghost in the MachinePaul M. Churchland: The Mind-Body ProblemThomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat?John Searle: Do Computers Think?Barbara Montero: The Body ProblemB. The SelfJoel Kupperman: Hinduism and the SelfThomas P. Kasulis: The Buddhist Concept of SelfC. IdentityBrian Smart: A Case of IdentityJohn Perry: The Problem of Personal IdentityD. Free WillThomas Nagel: Free WillW. T. stace: Free Will and DeterminismSteven M. Cahn: Freedom or Determinism?Harry Frankfurt: The Principle of Alternative PossibilitiesV. RELIGIONA. Religious BeliefsAnselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological ArgumentThomas Aquinas: The Five WaysWilliam L. Rowe: The Kalam Cosmological ArgumentErnest Nagel: Does God Exist?Richard Swinburne: Why God Allows EvilRaynor Johnson: Karma and RebirthWhitley R. P. Kaufman: Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of EvilBlaise Pascal: The WagerLinda Trinkaus Zagzebski: Pascal's Wager: An AssessmentXunzi: A Discussion of HeavenB. Religious DiversityPhilip L. Quinn and Kevin Meeker: The Challenge of Religious DiversityJeffery D. Long: The Jain PathHerbert Fingarette: The Confucian WayRay Billington: The TaoTwelve Zen StoriesVine Deloria, Jr.: God Is Red: A Native View of ReligionJohn H. Hick: Religious Pluralism and SalvationLinda Trinkaus Zagzebski: The Problem of Religious DiversityDalai Lama: Interreligious HarmonyVI. MORAL THEORYSteven M. Cahn: God and MoralityMary Midgley: Moral IsolationismJames Rachels: Egoism and Moral SkepticismImmanuel Kant: The Categorical ImperativeJohn Stuart Mill: UtilitarianismAristotle: The Nature of VirtueVirginia Held: The Ethics of CareFriedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and EvilAlbert Camus: The Myth of SisyphusJean-Paul Sartre: Existentialism Is a HumanismChristopher W. Gowans: The Buddha's MessageHenry Rosemont, Jr.: Confucian MoralityVII. MORAL PROBLEMSA. Morality and The LawPlato: CritoMartin Luther King, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham JailB. AbortionJudith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of AbortionDon Marquis: Why Abortion Is ImmoralRosalind Hursthouse: Virtue Theory and AbortionC. World HungerPeter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and MoralityJohn Arthur: World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case Against SingerD. TerrorismMichael Walzer: TerrorismLionel K. McPherson: Is Terrorism Distinctively Wrong?E. Animal RightsTom Regan: The Case for Animal RightsMary Anne Warren: Speaking of Animal RightsF. The EnvironmentTom Regan: We Are What We EatElliott Sober: Philosophical Problems for EnvironmentalismVIII. SOCIAL THEORYPlato: The RepublicThomas Hobbes: LeviathanJohn Stuart Mill: On LibertyKarl Marx: Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844John Dewey: DemocracyJohn Rawls: A Theory of JusticeRobert Nozick: Distributive JusticeVirginia Held: Non-contractual Society: A Feminist ViewIX. SOCIAL PROBLEMSA. EducationSidney Hook: What Is a Liberal Education?Michel Foucault: Discipline and PunishB. Affirmative ActionCelia Wolf-Devine: Proportional RepresentationKaren Hanson: Facing Facts and ResponsibilitiesLaurence Thomas: What Good Am I?C. Sexism, Racism, and RightsMarilyn Frye: SexismIris Marion Young: Fives Faces of OppressionKwame Anthony Appiah: Globalizing Human RightsX. ULTIMATE QUESTIONSPlato: PhaedoEpicurus: WritingsThomas Nagel: DeathShelly Kagan: The Badness of DeathWalpola Rahula: What The Buddha TaughtChristopher W. Gowans: The Cessation of SufferingRichard Taylor: The Meaning of LifeSusan Wolf: Meaning in LifeChristine Vitrano: Meaningful Lives?Glossary

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"The World of Philosophy is both accessible and representative of a range of philosophical views and thinkers." --Alexandra Perry, Marietta College