The World of Writing: A Guide by Kate MangelsdorfThe World of Writing: A Guide by Kate Mangelsdorf

The World of Writing: A Guide

byKate Mangelsdorf, Evelyn J. Posey

Paperback | December 14, 2010

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The World of Writing is an aims-based writing guide with an emphasis on language and culture that encourages today’s diverse students to write for tomorrow’s increasingly globalized workplaces and communities.
Title:The World of Writing: A GuideFormat:PaperbackDimensions:704 pages, 9 × 7.4 × 1.1 inPublished:December 14, 2010Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205723993

ISBN - 13:9780205723997

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Table of Contents

Thematic Contents xiv

Preface xvi

Supplements xxiv

Acknowledgments xxv

About the Authors xxvi

PART I Expanding Literacies 1

Chapter 1 Words and the World 2

Words and the World 3

What Is a Language? 4

Language and Identity 6

Language Change 7

“Changing Names in a Changing World” by David Mould 8

Multilingualism 11

Speaking and Writing 11

Writing Systems 13

Cultural Patterns of Writing 13

Ownership of Written Language 14

Learning to Write a Second Language 14

Accented Writing 16

What Affects Your Writing Development? 16

Writing Assignment 18

Chapter 2 Rhetorical Situations 20

Rhetorical Situations 21

Writing Customs 27

 “Speech on Release from Prison, 1990” by Nelson Mandela 28

“Final Score: Future 1, Past 0” by A. O. Scott 33

Writing Assignment 36

Chapter 3 Writing Process 37

Discovering Ideas 39

Drafting to Explore Ideas 43

Revising to Improve Content 48

Editing for Correctness 53

One Student’s Work 54

“American Sign Language” by Shepherd Smith (student essay) 55

Writing Assignment 60

Chapter 4 Reading 61

Purposes for Reading 62

The Context of Reading 64

Critical Reading 65

Strategies for Critical Reading 66

Writing Summaries 70

“Reading in a Foreign Language” by Scott Esposito 71

Improving Vocabulary 75

Writing Assignment 78

From Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave by Frederick Douglass 79

PART II Expanding Influence 83

Chapter 5 Exploring an Event 84

Writing to Explore an Event 85

Model Explorations of Events 85

“The Rules of the Sport” by Adam Gopnik 86

“Road Trip” by Sandeep Jauhar 90

“When Life Gives you Potstickers Instead of Wontons, Sharply Verbalize your Bitterness Until It Fixes Itself” by Sally Mao 96

Writing Assignment 103

Your Exploration 103

One Student’s Exploration of an Event 114

“Africa through the African Eye” by Omotaya Olabumuyi (student essay) 114

Additional Readings 118

“An Immigrant Learns Two New Languages” by Eric Hoover 118

“Two Languages in Mind, but Just One in Heart” by Louise Erdrich 121

Chapter 6 Making an Observation 126

Writing to Make an Observation 127

Model Observations 128

“Loving Hip-Hop in Morocco” by Nikki Reyna 128

“Painting Came to My Rescue in a Most Trying Time” by Emily Yoffe 131

From In The Shadow of Man by Jane Goodall 135

Writing Assignment 138

Your Observation 138

One Student’s Observation 150

“From Anchor to Viewer” by Susana Cruz (student essay) 151

Additional Readings 155

“Stranded in Paradise” by Mary Kay Magistad 155

“Troubled Teens” by Dawn Stover 159

Chapter 7 Explaining a Concept 166

Writing to Explain a Concept 167

Model Explanations of Concepts 168

“The ‘Trophy Kids’ Go to Work” by Ron Alsop 168

“How Farmers Are Going to Save Civilization” by Jenn Hardy 173

“The Avatar Age” by Karrie Jacobs 185

Writing Assignment 189

Your Explanation of a Concept 190

One Student’s Explanation of a Concept 200

“Wanderlust: The Great American Trait” by Angela D’Onofrio

(student essay) 201

Additional Readings 204

“How to Fall 35,000 Feet—and Survive” by Dan Koeppel 204

“When Employers Make Room for Work-Life Balance”

by Jennifer Ludden 209

Chapter 8 Investigating a Cause 214

Writing to Investigate a Cause 215

Model Investigations 216

“My Freshman Year: Worldliness and Worldview” by Rebekah Nathan 216

“Miles to Go: Why Automakers Don’t Sell a Car That Gets 50mpg” by Keith Naughton 221

“Immigration and U.S. History” by Hasia Diner 225

Writing Assignment 231

Your Investigation of a Cause 231

One Student’s Investigation of a Cause 242

“Measure Muslims on their Merits” by Erik Vasquez (student essay) 242

Additional Readings 244

“The Truth About Change” by Walt Wolfram 244

“What’s New? The Effect of Hip-Hop Culture on Everyday English” by Emmett

G. Price III 250

Chapter 9 Evaluating an Experience 254

Writing to Evaluate an Experience 255

Model Evaluations of Experiences 256

“Cinematic Riches in Millionaire” by Ty Burr 256

“Second Life: Is There Any There There?” by Gary Anthes 260

“Start Your Engines: Remote Possibilities” by Steve Campbell 266

Writing Assignment 269

Your Evaluation of an Experience 269

Student Group’s Evaluation of an Experience 281

“Breaking Down the Barriers: Evaluating the Federal Emergency Management

Agency (FEMA) Response during Hurricane Katrina” by Laura Mendez,

Christina Munoz, Rosa Orozco, Stella Owens (student group paper) 282

Additional Readings 288

“When the Media Is the Disaster” by Rebecca Solnit 288

“Why I Still Watch Lost” by Bao Phi 295

Chapter 10 Arguing a Position 300

Writing to Argue a Position 301

Model Arguments That Take Positions 302

“Why Greens Must Learn to Love Nuclear Power” by Mark Lynas 302

“You Have No Friends” by Farhad Manjoo 309

“Health Is a Human Right” by Paul Farmer 314

Writing Assignment 317

Your Argument of a Position 317

One Student’s Argument 330

“Language Discrimination: A Common Theme in Education and the Work Place” by Priscilla Duran (student essay) 331

Additional Readings 335

“CCCC Guideline on the National Language Policy” by Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC) 335

“Why the U.S. Needs an Official Language” by Mauro E. Mujica 339

Chapter 11 Solving a Problem 346

Writing to Solve Problems 347

Model Solutions 348

“Remarks by the President to the Ghanaian Parliament” by Barack Obama 348

“America Must Rethink Its Attitude about Teenage Drinking” by Robert Rowley 358

“Asylum and Acceptance: Seeking Peace in Charlottesville, Virginia” by Michael Keller 363

Writing Assignment 368

Your Solution to a Problem 368

One Student’s Solution to a Problem 379

“Misogyny in Hip Hop and Rap” by Daniele Arat (student essay) 379

Additional Readings 382

“Lose 300 Million Tons of CO2 in Just Three Weeks!” by Kate Sheppard 382

“Attention Whole Foods Shoppers” by Robert Paarlberg 385

Chapter 12 Advocating for Change 388

Writing to Advocate for Change 389

Model Advocacies for Change 390

“Education: It’s Not Just about the Boys. Get Girls into School” by Jonathan Alter 390

“Reviewing Applicants: Research on Bias and Assumptions” by Women in Science & Engineering Leadership Institute (WISELI) 393

“PARK(ing) Day: Rethinking Urban Infrastructure Around the World” by Collin Dunn 399

Writing Assignment 404

Your Advocacy for Change 404

One Student’s Advocacy for Change 416

“Childhood Obesity” by Theresa Cast (student essay) 416

Additional Readings 425

“The Church of Please and Thank You” by Julie Traves 425

“Blue Collar Brilliance” by Mike Rose 431

PART III Expanding Writing Strategies 439

Chapter 13 Writing Patterns 440

Writing Patterns to Develop Ideas 441

Writing Assignment 451

Chapter 14 Visual Design 452

Read and Write about Visual Design 454

Principles of Good Visual Design 456

Page Design 464

Add Visuals 466

Presentations 474

Writing Assignment 476

Chapter 15 Writing in the Workplace 477

Business Letter 479

Résumé 482

Application Letter 487

Memorandum 489

Email 492

Writing Assignment 494

Chapter 16 Writing Essay Exams 495

Preparing for an Essay Exam 496

Taking the Essay Exam 498

 “Dia de los Muertos” by Ivy Walker (student exam essay) 502

Writing Assignment 503

Chapter 17 Creating Portfolios 504

Select Materials 505

Revise and Edit Your Portfolio 511

Present Your Portfolio 512

Writing Assignment 514

PART IV Expanding Research 515

Chapter 18 Conducting Field Research 516

Ethical Issues in Field Research 517

Types of Field Research 518

Writing Assignment 525

Chapter 19 Using Sources 526

Defining Plagiarism in the Global Community 527

Developing a Research Plan 529

Evaluating Your Sources 533

Finding Sources 534

Using Sources in Your Writing 543

Writing Assignment 549

Chapter 20 Documentation Styles 550

Overview of Documentations Styles 551

MLA Documentation 551

One Student’s MLA-Style Paper 562

“Speaking through Stories: Fairytale Monsters and Their Stories” by Najwa al-Tabaa (student essay) 563

APA Documentation 571

One Student’s APA-Style Paper 582

“Textese: The Effects of Text Messaging on English and the Debate Surrounding It” by Randi Bossie (student essay) 583

PART V Handbook H-1

Section 1 Elements of English Sentences H-2

Sentence Structure H-2

Nouns and Pronouns H-5

Adjectives and Adverbs H-8

Verbs H-10

Phrases and Clauses H-15

Prepositions, Interjections H-18

Types of Sentences H-20

Section 2 Correcting Sentence Errors H-22

Fragments H-22

Run-on (Fused) Sentences and Comma Splices H-23

Mixed Structure and Mismatched Predicates H-25

Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers H-26

Active and Passive Voice H-26

Subject-Verb Agreement H-27

Verb Tense H-28

Nominals and the Verb To Be H-31

Pronoun Agreement and Pronoun Reference H-31

Faulty Parallelism H-33

Section 3 Punctuation, Spelling, and Mechanics H-34

Commas H-34

Semicolons H-36

Colons H-37

End Punctuation H-38

Apostrophes H-39

Hyphens and Dashes H-40

Capitals and Numbers H-41

Numbers H-42

Quotation Marks and Ellipsis Points H-43

Parentheses and Brackets H-46

Italics and Underlines H-47

Abbreviations H-48

Spelling and Homonyms H-49

Wordiness H-54

Colloquial Language and Slang H-56

Jargon and Pretentious Language H-56

Denotation, Connotation H-57

Sexist Language H-58

Vague, Abstract Words and Concrete Language H-59

Building Vocabulary H-60

Clichés H-63

Idioms and Idiomatic Expressions H-64

Section 5 Editing and Proofreading H-66

The Importance of Proofreading and Editing H-66

Tips for Proofreading and Editing H-67

For Writers Who Need Extra Help with Grammar and Usage H-69

Editing Symbols H-70

Proofreading Marks H-70

Proofreading Checklist H-71

Credits C-1

Index I-1