This Land Was Theirs: A Study of Native Americans

Paperback | December 5, 2008

byWendell H. Oswalt

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Designed for undergraduate courses in Native North Americans, the text surveys both traditional and contemporary Indian lifeways. Oswalt looks at 12 North American Indian tribes, ranging from the Netsilik hunters of the Arctic Circle to the Natchez farmers of the Mississippi. These groupsrepresent the major culture areas and levels of socioeconomic complexity among North American Indians. After introductory chapters devoted to pan-tribal issues, the author traces each tribe's story, from aboriginal life through historical changes to its current place among the native nations.

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Designed for undergraduate courses in Native North Americans, the text surveys both traditional and contemporary Indian lifeways. Oswalt looks at 12 North American Indian tribes, ranging from the Netsilik hunters of the Arctic Circle to the Natchez farmers of the Mississippi. These groupsrepresent the major culture areas and levels of ...

Wendell H. Oswalt is Professor Emeritus at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:592 pages, 9.25 × 6.5 × 0.68 inPublished:December 5, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195367405

ISBN - 13:9780195367409

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Table of Contents

1. Learning about Native AmericansBison and AmericansIndians in Popular CultureWho Is a Native American?Population FiguresWhere Did Native Americans Originate?Synopsis of Pre-Columbian Archaeology North of MexicoHow Have Native American Cultures Been Studied?What Do Non-Natives Know about Indigenous American Languages?Grouping TribesAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography2. Indian-Non-Indian RelationsEarly ContactDestruction and Displacement of PeoplesU.S. TreatiesGreenland in BriefAdministration of U.S. Indian AffairsThe Dawes ActThe Indian Reorganization Act (IRA)U.S. Taxation HighlightsFederal Intrusion and Indian IdentityForces Fostering Native American IdentityPan-IndianismThe Indian ImagePowwowsRecent HistoryPolitical ActivismTribal Self-DeterminationIndians and AlcoholReservation Gaming OperationsProminent IndiansSmithsonian InstitutionNative Americans and AnthropologistsComparing CulturesAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography3. The Netsilik: Seal Hunting and Snowhouse EskimosTraditional LifeOrigins AccountMaterial CultureThe Subsistence RoundDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeReligionLife CycleHistorical DevelopmentsRecent ChangesAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography4. The Chipewyan: Subarctic HuntersTraditional LifeOrigins AccountClothingSettlements and ManufacturesConveyancesHousehold LifeSubsistence ActivitiesSocial DimensionsPolitical OrganizationDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSupernaturalismLife CycleHistorical DevelopmentsBecoming Modern at Snowdrift (Lutselk'e, Lutsel K'e)The People and the SettlementMaking a LivingSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeThe Belief SystemContemporary Lutselk'eAddendumAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography5. The Lower Kootenai: Plateau Fishers and HuntersTraditional LifeOrigins AccountsAppearance and ArtifactsSubsistence CycleDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeReligionLife CycleOne-Standing-Lodge-Pole-WomanHistorical DevelopmentsThe Kootenai of Bonners Ferry, IdahoThe Creston Area KootenaySelected Comparisons: Bonners Ferry Kootenai and Creston KootenaySimilaritiesAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography6. The Western Shoshone: Subduers of the High DesertTraditional LifeOrigins AccountMaterial Culture and SubsistenceSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeReligionHistorical DevelopmentsThe Battle Mountain ColonyRock Creek CanyonThe Land DisputeAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography7. The Crow: Plains Raiders and Bison HuntersBaseline EthnographyOrigins AccountAppearance and ClothingSettlementsHorsesSubsistence ActivitiesDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsWarfarePolitical LifeReligionLife CycleHistorical DevelopmentsLater HistoryFederal ControlCrow FairSun DancePentecostal ChurchesTribal GovernmentLittle Big Horn CollegeOther DimensionsAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography8. The Cahuilla: Gatherers in the DesertTraditional LifeOrigins AccountManufactures and SettlementsSubsistence ActivitiesDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeReligionLife CycleHistorical DevelopmentsThe Agua Caliente BandLand DisputesWomen's Leadership RoleIssues in the 1960sThe Modern SceneAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography9. The Tlingit: Alaskan Salmon FishersTraditional LifeOrigins AccountAppearance and ClothingSettlementsManufactures and Household LifeConveyancesSubsistence ActivitiesDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsCrests and Totem PolesPolitical LifeReligion and SupernaturalismLife CycleHistorical DevelopmentsLater HistoryBrotherhoodsLand Claims SettlementsA Village CorporationSubsistenceFurther Pertinent DevelopmentsAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography10. The Hopi: Farmers of the DesertTraditional LifeOrigins AccountAppearance and ClothingSettlements and ManufacturesSubsistence ActivitiesDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeReligious SystemLife CycleHistorical DevelopmentsBecoming ModernAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography11. The Navajo: Transformations among a Desert PeopleBackgroundHistorical DevelopmentsThe Spanish and Pueblo ImpactAnglo-American ControlThe Long WalkEarlier Reservation YearsOrigin MythAppearance and ClothingSettlements and ManufacturesThe Subsistence RoundDescent, Kinship, and MarriagePolitical LifeReligionLife CycleThe Recent PastWorld War IIThe Native American ChurchThe Contemporary SceneAlcoholRepatriationsMiningTourismAdditional IssuesAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography12. The Iroquois: Warriors and Farmers of the Eastern WoodlandsEarly Historic LifeOrigins AccountSettlements and ManufacturesSubsistence ActivitiesDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsDreamsEntertainmentPolitical LifeWarfareReligionFalse Face SocietyHistorical DevelopmentsThe New ReligionOther ChangesThe Six Nations ReserveThe New Religion: Recent DevelopmentsRecent Developments on the ReserveResidential School MismanagementSkywalkersSovereigntyAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography13. The Eastern Cherokee: Farmers of the SoutheastPeople, Population, and LanguageEthnographic BackgroundOrigins AccountClothing and AppearanceSettlements and ManufacturesSubsistence ActivitiesGender IdentityDescent, Kinship, and MarriageSocial DimensionsPolitical LifeHistorical DevelopmentsThe British and SlaveryBritish Political InfluenceWarfareReligionAmerican RevolutionNew GovernmentThe Trail of TearsThe Eastern Band of CherokeeThe Contemporary SceneAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography14. The Natchez: Sophisticated Farmers of the Deep SouthTraditional LifeOrigins AccountAppearance and ClothingSettlements and ManufacturesSubsistence ActivitiesSociopolitical DimensionsWarfareReligious SystemCeremoniesShamansLife CycleTattooed Serpent's OrationNatchez HistoryAdditional SourcesSelected Bibliography15. OverviewsIndian Gaming HighlightsFederal AdministrationRelocation ProgramsUnrecognized TribesDiabetes and Native AmericansIndians as EnvironmentalistsTribalismNational Museum of the American IndianTribal SovereigntySummarizing ThoughtsAdditional SourcesSelected BibliographyAppendix A: A Material Culture SampleAppendix B: Additional Native AmericanResourcesGlossaryPronunciation GuideName IndexSubject Index