Identification, protection, and monitoring of Important Bird Areas (IBAs) is a major global conservation programme initiated by BirdLife International, and recognized and appreciated by many governments, NGOs, and conservationists. This book identifies the most threatened and near threatenedbird species in Assam and recommends measures for their long-term protection. It discusses seven critically endangered, eight endangered, thirty-three vulnerable, and twenty-eight near threatened birds in Assam. Covering Critically Endangered (like white-bellied heron, white-backed vulture, etc.), Marginal Species (pink-headed duck and spoon-billed sandpiper),malayan Quail or mountain Quail, pink-headed duck, white-bellied Heron, etc., Endangered Endangered Main Species (white-winged wood duck, baer'spochard, etc.), Vulnerable Main Species (swamp francolin, sarus crane, yellow weaver, etc.), Vulnerable Marginal Species (marbled duck, wood snip, etc.), and Near Threatened (Japanese quail, black-necked strok, Asian dowitcher, etc.) species, this volume will help in expanding the scope ofconservation in Assam and in India.