Identification, protection, and monitoring of Important Bird Areas (IBAs) is a major global conservation programme initiated by BirdLife International, and recognized and appreciated by many governments, NGOs, and conservationists. This book is an extension of the BNHS's IBA programme toidentify the threatened and near threatened bird species in Uttarakhand and to recommend measures for their long-term protection. Covering Critically Endangered (like Himalayan quail or mountain quail, White-backed or Oriental White-rumped Vulture, etc.), Endangered (Egyptian Vulture andBlack-bellied Tern), malayan Quail or mountain Quail, pink-headed duck, white-bellied Heron, etc., Endangered Vulnerable (Western Tragopan, Marbled Duck, Sarus Crane, etc.), and Near Threatened (Ferruginous Duck, Painted Stork, Great Hornbill, etc.) species, this volume will help in expanding thescope of conservation in India beyond tiger conservation to make it more inclusive.