Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Hardcover | May 13, 2016

byJoanne Savage, Kevin H. Wozniak

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It's often assumed that criminologists know a great deal about violent offenders, but in fact, there is little consensus about what distinguishes them from those who commit less serious crimes. There is even less agreement about whether violent offenders can be distinguished from chronic,nonviolent offenders at all. The challenging question remains: why do some individuals commit violent offenses while so many others restrict themselves to nonviolent ones?Thugs and Thieves argues that understanding the differential etiology of violence constitutes a fundamental chasm in the criminological literature. In the introductory chapters, the authors lay out the important theoretical and methodological deficiencies that have obstructed the production of aclear set of findings to answer this question. The authors then share a highly nuanced interpretation of child development research, focused on outlining important features of early life likely to be important in the etiology of serious physical aggression and violence. They also discuss criminalmotivation and contextual factors in detail. Together, these lay the foundation for the selection of "good prospects" for predicting violent offending. Separate chapters are devoted to intelligence and executive function; academic achievement and other school factors; parental attachment; parentalwarmth and rejection; child abuse; poverty; communities; and substance abuse. Each chapter provides a comprehensive and systematic review of the existing evidence on the topic at hand through the "differential etiology" lens, to restructure what we already know from the empirical literature. Assuch, the book provides a new way forward for understanding this important issue and also serves as a platform for generating hypothesis tests, directing future research, and better designing anti-violence policy. Thugs and Thieves will be of interest to criminologists, psychologists, sociologists,students, policy makers, lawmakers, and readers interested in violence and aggression.

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It's often assumed that criminologists know a great deal about violent offenders, but in fact, there is little consensus about what distinguishes them from those who commit less serious crimes. There is even less agreement about whether violent offenders can be distinguished from chronic,nonviolent offenders at all. The challenging que...

Joanne Savage is an associate professor in the department of Justice, Law and Criminology at American University. Dr. Savage is primarily interested in the "big picture" of violence in society and, to that end, she has been researching a wide variety of topics related to causes of violent offending and has published extensively on that...

other books by Joanne Savage

Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:May 13, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195393589

ISBN - 13:9780195393583

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