Time-to-digital Converters

March 5, 2010|
Time-to-digital Converters by Stephan Henzler
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Micro-electronics and so integrated circuit design are heavily driven by technology scaling. The main engine of scaling is an increased system performance at reduced manufacturing cost (per system). In most systems digital circuits dominate with respect to die area and functional complexity. Digital building blocks take full - vantage of reduced device geometries in terms of area, power per functionality, and switching speed. On the other hand, analog circuits rely not on the fast transition speed between a few discrete states but fairly on the actual shape of the trans- tor characteristic. Technology scaling continuously degrades these characteristics with respect to analog performance parameters like output resistance or intrinsic gain. Below the 100 nm technology node the design of analog and mixed-signal circuits becomes perceptibly more dif cult. This is particularly true for low supply voltages near to 1V or below. The result is not only an increased design effort but also a growing power consumption. The area shrinks considerably less than p- dicted by the digital scaling factor. Obviously, both effects are contradictory to the original goal of scaling. However, digital circuits become faster, smaller, and less power hungry. The fast switching transitions reduce the susceptibility to noise, e. g. icker noise in the transistors. There are also a few drawbacks like the generation of power supply noise or the lack of power supply rejection.
Title:Time-to-digital Converters
Format:Hardcover
Product dimensions:124 pages, 9.25 X 6.1 X 0 in
Shipping dimensions:124 pages, 9.25 X 6.1 X 0 in
Published:March 5, 2010
Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/Trade
Language:English
Appropriate for ages:All ages
ISBN - 13:9789048186273

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