To Your Health: How to Understand What Research Tells Us about Risk

Hardcover | April 8, 2005

byHelena Chmura Kraemer, Karen Kraemer Lowe,, David J. Kupfer

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The public is bombarded daily with reports about risk factors, many conflicting with each other, others accepted as "scientific truth" for awhile, then scientifically disproved, yet others questionable that later prove to be true. Physicians are faced with trying to make sense of thoseconflicting or questionable results in the scientific literature in order to guide their patients to the best possible decisions. The situation is not much easier for scientists who may waste years of their productive life, and considerable resources, basing their research efforts on what prove tobe misleading earlier research findings. What this book does is to present, in non "academese" and with many examples from the general media and scientific journals, a guide to a critical reading of research reports, which, in turn, serves as a guide to researchers as to which approaches are likelyto be regarded with raised eyebrows, and what they need to do to generate results that will be taken seriously. This stimulating and helpful book was written for informed consumers and physicians as well as for scientists evaluating the risk research literature or contemplating projects on riskresearch.

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From the Publisher

The public is bombarded daily with reports about risk factors, many conflicting with each other, others accepted as "scientific truth" for awhile, then scientifically disproved, yet others questionable that later prove to be true. Physicians are faced with trying to make sense of thoseconflicting or questionable results in the scienti...

Helena Chmura Kraemer is at Stanford University. David J. Kupfer is at University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

other books by Helena Chmura Kraemer

Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 6.3 × 9.21 × 0.98 inPublished:April 8, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019517870X

ISBN - 13:9780195178708

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Why Did We Write This Book?Part IThe Basics of Risk1. What is Risk?2. What is a Risk Factor?3. Are all Risk Factors Equal? Types of Risk Factors4. How Do We Know if Something Is an Important Risk Factor? Statistical and Clinical Significance5. How Do Risk Factors Work Together? Moderators, Mediators, and Other "Inter-actions"Part IIHow to Recognize Good and Bad Research6. Who Was in the Study and Why Does that Matter? Sampling7. What Is the Difference Between a Risk Factor and a Cause? Research Design8. What Else Should We Pay Attention To? Reliability and Validity of Measurements and DiagnosesPart IIICutting-Edge Approaches9. How Strong is the Risk Factor? Potency10. How Do We Do a Moderator-Mediator Analysis?11. How Do We Use Multiple Risk Factors? ROC Tree MethodsPart IVWhere Do We Go From Here?12. Where Are We Now?13. Making the Best of Good Studies14. Hope for the FutureAppendix: Mathematical DemonstrationsGlossary

Editorial Reviews

"One of the most interesting books in recent years...A well-written effort, To Your Health will be valuable for undergraduates and scholars in disciplines like statistics, sociology of health, marketing, public opinion, in risk studies, experimental studies but also for general readersalike."--tatistical Methods in Medical Research