The present volume showcases some notable Indian contributions to development economics, well before the subject became a major part of mainstream economics in the UK and the US. Comprising contributions from some of the most prominent Indian economists of the pre-Independence era, includingVG Kale, Brij Narain, LC Jain, BP Adarkar, VKRV Rao, etc, it gives a sampler of the body of scholarly work produced before Independence, reflecting the wide variety of views and approaches to the problem of Indian development. The papers are presented in chronological order to provide an idea of theway Indian economic thinking developed. They deal with topics such as the nature of underdevelopment, surplus labour and disguised unemployment, limitations of the 'trickle-down theory', role of the state in development, etc. The volume also includes biographical notes on all contributors, placingin context their contributions and assessing their originality and contemporary relevance.