Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Hardcover | April 18, 2012

byBerit Brogaard

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What are the things that we assert, believe, and desire? The orthodox view among philosophers is eternalism: these are contents that have their truth-values eternally. Transient Truths provides the first book-length exposition and defense of the opposing view, temporalism: these are contentsthat can change their truth-values along with changes in the world. Berit Brogaard argues that temporal contents are contents and propositions in the full sense. This project involves a thorough analysis of how we talk about and retain mental states over time, an examination of how the phenomenology of mental states bear on the content of mental states, an analysis of how we pass on information in temporally extended conversations, and a revival of aPriorian tense logic. The view suggests a broader view according to which some types of representation have a determinate truth-value only relative to features about the subject who does the representing. If this view is right, successful semantic representation requires an eye on our own positionin the world.

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What are the things that we assert, believe, and desire? The orthodox view among philosophers is eternalism: these are contents that have their truth-values eternally. Transient Truths provides the first book-length exposition and defense of the opposing view, temporalism: these are contentsthat can change their truth-values along wit...

Dr. Berit Brogaard, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Psychology at University of Missouri, St. Louis, has written since 1999 for publications such as Journal of Philosophy, Nous, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research and Consciousness and Cognition. In her academic research she specializes in visual perception and semantics. Fr...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:240 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:April 18, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199796904

ISBN - 13:9780199796908

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentIntroduction1. Characterizing Temporalism1.1 Times in Propositions vs. Time Neutrality1.2 Truth Conditions1.3 Temporal Propositions are Truth-Evaluable1.4 Signpost2. Reporting Belief2.1. The Classical Objections2.2. Recent Debate2.3. Temporalism and Belief Reports2.4. Temporalism and Belief Retention2.5. Belief De Se2.6. The Argument from Belief Retention2.7. The Accident2.8. Signpost3. Disagreeing Across Time3.1. Passing on Information across Time3.2. Arguments from Disagreement against Temporalism3.3. Signpost4. Representing Time4.1. The Time Analysis and Temporalism4.2. The Event Analysis4.3. The Empirical Evidence against Traditional Tense Logic4.4. Time Adverbials4.5. Composite Tense Operators4.6. Span operators4.7. The Ellipsis Theory4.8. The Temporal Anaphora Hypothesis4.9. The Counter Evidence Explained4.10. Signpost5. Reviving Priorian Tense Logic5.1. The SOT Rule5.2. Later-Than-Matrix Interpretations and Kamp/Vlach Sentences5.3. The PTQ Fragment5.4. Partee Sentences5.5. Pragmatic Rules for Noun Denotation5.6. Double Access Sentences5.7. Location Operators5.8. Signpost6. Embedding under Tense Operators6.1. Kaplan's Argument6.2. Objections to Kaplan's Argument6.3. The Redundancy of the Present Tense6.4. An Argument against Quantifier Analyses6.5. Signpost7. Representing Eternally7.1. Two Kinds of Content7.2. Past- and Future-Tensed Sentences7.3. Conjoined Propositions7.4. Two Kinds of Propositions7.5. Eternal Propositions and Metaphysical Eternalism7.6. Signpost8. Representing the World Egocentrically8.1. C and H's Main Argument against Relativism8.2. The Argument from Perception8.3. Non-Indexical Contextualism8.4. Temporalism Defended8.5. SignpostClosing RemarksBibliography