Transnational Soldiers: Foreign Military Enlistment in the Modern Era

Hardcover | December 7, 2012

EditorNir Arielli, Bruce Collins

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The history of military mobilization does not fit neatly into national boxes, not even in the modern era. There are three quite different issues involved in the analysis of transnational participation in warfare. The first is the shift from state armies partially composed of mercenaries, or soldiers from countries other than the one in whose service they were currently enlisted, to armies consisting of citizens who have a duty or responsibility to fight for the state in which they live. One explanation for this shift, which began at a time when armies grew in size in the late eighteenth century, is that conscripts were cheaper and more militarily reliable and effective than mercenaries. Moreover, the intensification of nationalism in the nineteenth century weakened the attractiveness of mercenary service and reduced the motivational level of mercenaries. 

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The history of military mobilization does not fit neatly into national boxes, not even in the modern era. There are three quite different issues involved in the analysis of transnational participation in warfare. The first is the shift from state armies partially composed of mercenaries, or soldiers from countries other than the one in...

NIR ARIELLI is a Lecturer in International History at the University of Leeds. BRUCE COLLINS is professor of Modern History at Sheffield Hallam University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 10.8 × 5.76 × 1 inPublished:December 7, 2012Publisher:Palgrave MacmillanLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0230319688

ISBN - 13:9780230319684

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Table of Contents

Contents
Acknowledgments
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Transnational Military Service since the Eighteenth Century; N.Arielli & B.Collins
PART I: RE-EXAMINING THE DECLINE OF MERCENARY ARMIES, 1776-1815
1. Desperate for Soldiers: The Recruitment of German Prisoners of War during the American War of Independence, 1776–1783; D.Krebs
2. German Auxiliary Troops in the British and Dutch East India Companies; C.T.Ashkenazi
3. The Politics of Foreign Recruitment in Britain during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars; K.Linch
PART II: COLONIAL MILITARY MOBILIZATION
4. The Military Marketplace in India, 1840-60; B.Collins
5. Recruitment Policies and Recruitment Experiences in the French Foreign Legion; C.Koller
6. 'They had the sea in their blood': Caymanian Naval Volunteers in the Second World War; D.Spence PART III: AFTER EMPIRE: FLOWS OF MILITARY TALENT
7. From Imperial Soldiers to National Guardians: German and LithuanianVolunteers after the Great War, 1918-1919; T.Balkelis
8. Transnational Flows of Military Talent: The Contrasting Experiences of Burma and Thailand since the 1940s; N.Farrelly
9. Of Local Identities and Transnational Conflict: the Katangese Gendarmes and Central-Southern Africa's Forty-Years War, 1960-1999; M.Larmer
PART IV: IDEOLOGY, ADVENTURE, COERCION
10. 'Strangers, Mercenaries, Heretics, Scoffers, Polluters': Volunteering for the British Auxiliary Legion in Spain, 1835; M.Robson
11. British Red Shirts: A History of the Garibaldi Volunteers (1860); M.P.Sutcliffe
12. Getting there: Enlistment Considerations and the Recruitment Networks of the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War; N.Arielli
13. Fighting in Three Uniforms: Soviet POWs in World War Two; D.O'Sullivan
Conclusions: Jihadists, Diasporas and Professional Contractors: the Resurgence of Non-State Recruitment since the 1980s; N.Arielli & B.Collins
Further Reading/Selected Bibliography
Index