Tree Rings and Natural Hazards: A State-of-Art by Markus StoffelTree Rings and Natural Hazards: A State-of-Art by Markus Stoffel

Tree Rings and Natural Hazards: A State-of-Art

byMarkus StoffelEditorMichelle Bollschweiler, David R. Butler

Paperback | June 28, 2012

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Dendrogeomorphology Beginnings and Futures: A Personal Reminiscence My early forays into dendrogeomorphology occurred long before I even knew what that word meant. I was working as a young geoscientist in the 1960s and early 1970s on a problem with slope movements and deformed vegetation. At the same time, unknown to me, Jouko Alestalo in Finland was doing something similar. Both of us had seen that trees which produced annual growth rings were reacting to g- morphic processes resulting in changes in their internal and external growth p- terns. Dendroclimatology was an already well established field, but the reactions of trees to other environmental processes were far less well understood in the 1960s. It was Alestalo (1971) who first used the term, dendrogeomorphology. In the early 1970s, I could see that active slope-movement processes were affecting the growth of trees in diverse ways at certain localities. I wanted to learn more about those processes and try to extract a long-term chronology of movement from the highly diverse ring patterns.
Title:Tree Rings and Natural Hazards: A State-of-ArtFormat:PaperbackDimensions:505 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.02 inPublished:June 28, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400732171

ISBN - 13:9789400732179

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Table of Contents

Dedication.- Foreword: Dendrogeomorphology beginnings and futures - a personal message.- 1 Tree rings and natural hazards - an introduction.- 2 Snow avalanches.- 2.1 Dendrogeomorphology and snow avalanche research.- 2.2 Tree-ring dating of snow avalanches in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA.- 2.3 Tracking past snow avalanches in the SE Pyrenees.- 2.4 Tree-ring based reconstruction of past snow avalanche events and risk assessment in Northern Gaspé (Quebec, Canada).- 2.5 Using dendrochronology to validate numerical simulations of snow avalanches in the Patagonian Andes.- 3.0 Landslides.- 3.1 Dating landslides with trees.- 3.2 Dendrogeomorphological analysis of a landslide near Lago, Calabria (Italy).- 3.3 Tree-ring analysis and rockfall avalanches - the use of weighted samples.- 3.4 Age of landslides along the Grande Riviére de la Baleine esturary, eastern coast of Hudson Bay, Quebec (Canada).- 3.5 Rainfall up, mountain down?.- 4.0 Rockfall.- 4.1 Rocfalls and their hazard.- 4.2 Assessing rockfall activity in a mountain forest - implications for hazard assessment.- 4.3 Tree-ring based rockfall reconstruction and accuracy assessment of a 3D rockfall model.- 4.4 Assessment of the rockfall frequency for hazard analysis at Solá d'Andorra (Eastern Pyrenees).- 4.5 Reconstruction and spatial analysis of rockfall frequency and bounce heights derived from tree-ring analysis.- 5.0 Debris flows.- 5.1 State of the art in debris flow research: the role of dendrochronology.- 5.2 Using event and minimum age dating for the assessment of hazards on a debris-flow cone.- 5.3 Dendrogeomorphic applications to debris flows in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA.- 5.4 Frequency-magnitude relationships, seasonality and spread of debris flows on a forested cone.- 5.5 High-precision dating of debris-flow events within the growing season.- 6.0 Flooding.- 6.1 Tree-rings as paleoflood and paleostage indications.- 6.2 The effects of hydroelectric flooding on a reservoir'speripheral forest and newly created forested islands.- 6.3 Spring water levels reconstructed from ice-scarred trees and cross-sectional area of the earlywood vessels in tree-rings from eastern boreal Canada.- 6.4 A 100-year history of floods determined from tree rings in a small mountain stream in the Tatra Mountains, Poland.- 6.5 Dendrohydrology and extreme floods along the Red River, Canada.- 7.0 Meteorological hazards.- 7.1 Weather and climate extremes: where can dendrochronology help?.- 7.2 Dendrotempestology an dthe isotopic record of tropical cyclones in tree-rings of the Southeastern United States.- 7.3 Dendrochronological responses to a tornado.- 7.4 Dendroecology of hurricanes and the potential for isotopic reconstructions in Southeastern Texas.- 8.0 Wildfires.- 8.1 Wildfire hazard and the role of tree-ring research.- 8.2 Mesoscale disturbance and ecological response to decadal climateic variability in the American Southwest.- Wildfire risk and ecological restoration in mixed-severity fire regimes.- 8.4 Wildfire ecology and management at Grand Canyon, USA: tree-ring applications in forest fire history and modeling.- 8.5 Wildfire risk and hazard in Northern Patagonia, Argentinia.- 9.0 Earthquakes.- 9.1 Tree-rings and earthquakes.- 9.2 Tree-ring analysis in natural hazards research - application of tree-ring analysis to paleoseismology.- 9.3 Tree-ring abnormality caused by large earthquake: an example from the 1931 M 8.0 Fuyun earthquake.- 9.4 Tree-ring dated ladslide movements and seismic events in southwestern Montana, USA.- 9.5 Seismic damage in conifers from Olympic and Yellowstone National Parks, United States.- 10 Volcanic activity.- 10.1 Studying past volcanic activity with tree-rings.- 10.2 Tree-ring evidence for 1913 eruption of Volcán de Fuego de Colima, Mexico.- 10.3 Dendrochemical evidence of the 1781 eruption of Mount Hood, Oregon.- 10.4 Volcanic eruptions over the last 5,000 years from high elevation tree-ring widths and frost rings.- 10.5

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"The four editors, from the US, Canada, and Switzerland, all contribute their research to this volume, along with some 80 other investigators. The papers examine how trees record geological events, accurately dated by the evidence left in annual rings, and the inferences that may be drawn from these long records. . Most analyses are highly detailed and specific, so this material will primarily interest advanced students and scientists conducting geological hazard research. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Graduate students and researchers." (M. K. Cleaveland, Choice, Vol. 48 (5), January, 2011)"Tree Rings and Natural Hazards provides a needed and useful survey of a rapidly expanding area of research: using dendrochronology to study geomorphic hazards, including snow avalanches, landslides, rockfall, debris flows, flooding, earthquakes, and volcanic activity. . Any tree-ring scientist . would profit from reading this book, as would other geoscientists and specialists in natural hazards." (Jeff Lukas, Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, Vol. 43 (1), February, 2011)