A world wide interest in the various aspects of high pressure in the field of biological science led to the First International Conference on High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology in Kyoto, Japan. High pressure bioscience encompasses the fields of food sciences, pharmacy and medical fields and some high pressure techniques are used in the production of industrial products. Moreover, high pressure is a valuable tool for the study of natural macromolecules including biomembranes which are composed, primarily, of lipid and protein. Many intermediate processes in the pressure-induced protein unfolding have been discovered, as a result. This book covers the entire range of current high pressure bioscience and its possible applications.