Trophies of War and Empire: The Archival Heritage of Ukraine, World War II, and the International…

Paperback | September 30, 2001

byPatricia Kennedy GrimstedForeword byCharles Kecskeméti

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The collapse of the Soviet Union and the fiftieth anniversary of the end of World War II have brought attention to the displaced cultural and archival heritage of many nations. The situation of Ukraine provides a striking example of the many international problems involved in questions of restitution. Patricia Kennedy Grimsted considers (among many topics) the problems of defining the archival heritage of Ukraine vis-à-vis Russia; international precedents for post-imperial archival devolutions and postwar restitution; intentional Soviet archival destruction in 1941; the Ukrainian component of Soviet library and archival trophies in Moscow and Kyiv; Russia's bitterly disputed 1998 law nationalizing cultural trophies; and post-1991 Ukrainian restitution policies. Containing significant new revelations about cultural treasures previously thought lost, Trophies of War and Empire will be of interest to all those interested in the contemporary rebuilding of cultural and intellectual institutions in Eastern Europe.

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From Our Editors

This significant historical study by Patricia Kennedy Grimsted examines the history of the Ukraine's displaced people. In Trophies Of War and Empire: The Archival Heritage Of Ukraine, World War II and the International Politics of Restitution, the author considers the many issues that seem to sabotage the noble goal of rest...

From the Publisher

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the fiftieth anniversary of the end of World War II have brought attention to the displaced cultural and archival heritage of many nations. The situation of Ukraine provides a striking example of the many international problems involved in questions of restitution. Patricia Kennedy Grimsted conside...

Patricia Kennedy Grimsted is a Senior Research Associate at the Ukrainian Research Institute at Harvard University.

other books by Patricia Kennedy Grimsted

Format:PaperbackDimensions:800 pages, 9.02 × 5.98 × 0.09 inPublished:September 30, 2001Publisher:HarvardLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0916458768

ISBN - 13:9780916458768

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Table of Contents

Foreword. Charles Kecskeméti
Technical Note
List of Abbreviations
Preface and Acknowledgments

Introduction. Reconstituting the Archival Heritage of Ukraine: The Historical and Ideological Context

PART I: THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL CONTEXT

Chapter 1. Defining the Archival Heritage of Ukraine: Russia and Pretensions of Soviet Successor States

International and Soviet Archival Principles
New Archival Laws and CIS Agreements
Beyond New Laws--Efforts to Define Archival Ucrainica

Chapter 2. Retrieving the Cultural Heritage and Displaced Ukrainian Archives

International Appeals and a National Commission
Potential Archival Pretensions
Microform Copies
Searching for International Norms
Chapter 3. Provenance, Pertinence, and Patrimony: International Historical and Legal Precedents

When "Records Follow the Flag"
ICA Resolutions, Cagliari, and the 1978 UNESCO Report
Archives and the Unratified 1983 Vienna Convention on the Succession of States
Post-Soviet Discussion Continues
Non-State Archives and the Post-Soviet Context
United Nations and UNESCO Conventions and Resolutions Relating to Cultural Property
Recent ICA Initiatives
European-Wide Focus on Restitution at the Official Level
Conclusions

Chapter 4. Towards a Descriptive Typology of the Ukrainian Archival Heritage Abroad

Institutional and Territorial Provenance
Circumstances of Alienation and Subsequent Migration
Present Location and Arrangement of Archival Ucrainica Abroad
Agreements or Other Legal Factors Affecting Ownership

PART II: DISPLACED ARCHIVES DURING WORLD WAR II AND ITS AFTERMATH

Chapter 5. Measuring Losses in the World War II Context: Evacuation, Destruction, Plunder, and Retrieval

Reinterpreting Destruction and Displacements: The Historiographic Context
Soviet Losses and Destruction Reconsidered
Nazi Archival Plunder
Soviet Search and Retrieval Operations

Chapter 6. Western Allied Restitution in the Postwar Context

War Losses and Western Archival Restitution
The Record of American Restitution
Library and Archival Restitution Reconsidered
Western Non-Restitution
Captured Nazi Records and Anglo-American Restitution to Germany

Chapter 7. Soviet Cultural Trophies: The Ukrainian Component

Soviet Spoils of War
Trophy Books and Manuscript Collections
Trophy Books to Ukraine
The Berlin Sing-Akademie Collection in Kyiv: A Case Study

Chapter 8. Soviet Archival Plunder: Nazi Records and Nazi Archival Loot between Moscow and Kyiv

Soviet Archival Plunder
Captured Nazi Records with Nazi Archival Loot
The "Special Archive," Dispersal, and Soviet Restitution
Captured Nazi Records in Ukraine

Chapter 9. Émigré Archival Ucrainica Retrieved: Prague, Kyiv, and Moscow

Émigré Rossica and Ucrainica and the End of the RZIA in Prague
Ucrainica in Kyiv from Prague and Elsewhere
Ucrainica and Rossica to Moscow
Archival Ucrainica Retrieved in Kyiv

Chapter 10. The Nationalization of Cultural Trophies in Russia: A New Cultural Cold War in Europe

Russia's Cultural Cold War with the European Community
The Russian Battle over the Nationalization Law
Ukrainian and Other International Reaction
The Constitutional Court Rules
Archival Restitution Qua Barter for Archival Rossica
Russian Archival Information and Access Problems

Chapter 11. Independent Ukraine and Poland: A New Climate for Restitution?

Post-1991 Ukrainian-Polish Restitution Issues
The Symbolic Ossolineum Divided
Other Divided Polish Collections from Lviv
Archival Ucrainica in Poland
Other Polonica in Ukraine
New Prospects for Negotiations

Chapter 12. Independent Ukraine, Germany, and the International Context of Restitution

The International Context of Displaced Archives for Ukraine
Restitution Progress with Germany
International Forums on Restitution Issues
Displaced Art versus Displaced Archives
Beyond the New York and Washington Conferences

Conclusion

DOCUMENTARY APPENDICES

I. UNESCO. "Report of the Director-General on the Study of Problems Involved in the Transfer of Documents from Archives in the Territory of Certain Countries to the Country of their Origin," 25 August 1978 (20C/102)

II. UN. International Law Commission, "Non-Exhaustive Table of Treaties Containing Provisions Relating to the Transfer of Archives in Cases of Succession of States"

IIIa. UN. "Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect to State Property, Archives, and Debts, Part III, 'State Archives (art. 19 :031),'" April 1983 (A/Conf. 117/14; has not yet come into force)

IIIb. ICA. "Professional Advice on the Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of State Property, Archives, and Debts, Part III, 'State Archives' (art. 19 to 31)"

IV. UN Resolution "Return or Restitution of Cultural Property to the Countries of Origin," 22 October 1991 (46/10)

V. Agreement on the Right of Successor States to the State Archives of the Former USSR: "Soglashenie o pravopreemstve v otnoshenii gosudarstvennykh arkhivov byvshego Soiuza SSR." Moscow, 6 July 1992 [with English translation]

VI. Resolutions of XXXth International Conference of the Roundtable on Archives (CITRA). Thessalonica, 12-16 October 1994

VII. "The View of the Archival Community on the Settling of Disputed Claims": Position Paper Adopted by the Executive Committee of the International Council on Archives at Its Meeting in Guangzhou, 10-13 April 1995

VIII. Official Act of Transfer from Prague and Select Communiqués Concerning the Ukrainian Historical Cabinet (U/K) under the Ministry of the Interior of the Czechoslovak Republic (October 1945) [in English Translation]

IX. OMGUS Report on Restitution of Soviet Cultural Property, Property Division, Restitution Branch, Richard F. Howard, Deputy Chief for Cultural Restitution (MFA&A), Karlsruhe, Germany, 20 September 1948

X. Recommendations of the UNESCO Conference on Cultural Return, Kyiv, December 1996

Selected Illustrations

Bibliography

I. Archival Sources
II. International Legal Documentation
III. National Legal Documentation
IV. Symposia and Conference Proceedings, Collective Volumes, Series, and Serial Publications Relating to Cultural Valuables and Restitution
V. Collections of Published Documents
VI. Catalogs of Lost, Displaced, and Trophy Culture Treasures
VII. Secondary Literature

Index

From Our Editors

This significant historical study by Patricia Kennedy Grimsted examines the history of the Ukraine's displaced people. In Trophies Of War and Empire: The Archival Heritage Of Ukraine, World War II and the International Politics of Restitution, the author considers the many issues that seem to sabotage the noble goal of restitution. Among them: the recovery of archives and archival trophies that escaped destruction from the Russians in 1941. This volume will be of interest to all those concerned with the contemporary reconstruction of cultural and intellectual institutions in Eastern Europe.

Editorial Reviews

Patricia Grimstead's Trophies of War and Empire is a tour de force of scholarship...Her narrative is full of revelations about the unsolved mysteries of wartime looting and her exhaustive documentation, footnotes, and bibliography are an essential resource for all those with an interest in provenance research and restitution.