Country case studies investigate key factors that influence the economics of tropical deforestation and land use. Articles illustrate how innovative economic models can be used effectively to investigate a range of important influences on tropical land use changes in a variety of representative developing countries. The countries covered are: Brazil, India, Malaysia, Panama, the Philippines, Thailand, and Uganda. Edward B. Barbier is the John S Bugas Professor of Economics at the University of Wyoming. Joanne C. Burgess is assistant lecturer of forestry, economics environment and development, and economics at the University of Wyoming.