Tsunami Science and Engineering by Valentin HellerTsunami Science and Engineering by Valentin Heller

Tsunami Science and Engineering

Guest editorValentin Heller

Hardcover | July 1, 2016

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JMSE | Special Issue : Tsunami Science and Engineering

Recent earthquake-tsunamis including the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, with over 230,000 casualties, and the 2011 Tohoku Tsunami in Japan, with over 18,500 people missing or dead, serve as tragic reminders that such waves pose a major natural hazard to human beings. Landslide-tsunamis, including the 1958 Lituya Bay case, may exceed 150 m in height and if similar waves are generated in lakes or reservoirs (so-called impulse waves), then they may overtop dams and cause significant devastation downstream, such as in the 1963 Vaiont case with around 2,000 casualties.

The after-effects due to such catastrophes are not limited to the region immediately impacted by the wave; for example, the 1963 Vaiont case affected hydropower plant planning and management globally and the 2011 Tohoku Tsunami initiated changes to nuclear power plant policies worldwide.
Active prevention of the wave generation is extremely unlikely and limited to rare cases where creeping slides could be stabilized. Scientists and engineers thus work mainly on passive methods to face this hazard. In many cases, the propagation time between generation and shoreline is sufficiently long, allowing early warning systems for evacuation to be an effective passive method. For impulse waves in smaller water bodies, however, the propagation time is too short for an adequate evacuation so further passive methods are critical. Such methods include sea walls, reinforced infrastructure and the provision of adequate freeboards of dam reservoirs. These methods require detailed knowledge of (i) the wave features as a function of the generation mechanism, (ii) the shoreline run-up and (iii) the interaction with structures.
Despite a significant increase in research activities after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, there certainly can be — and needs to be — more research with the aim to reduce the destruction caused by tsunamis to us and our environment.

Title:Tsunami Science and EngineeringFormat:HardcoverProduct dimensions:330 pages, 9.61 × 6.69 × 1.06 inShipping dimensions:9.61 × 6.69 × 1.06 inPublished:July 1, 2016Publisher:MDPI AGLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3038422339

ISBN - 13:9783038422334

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Table of Contents

(1) A Universal Parameter to Predict Subaerial Landslide Tsunamis?(2) Impulse Wave Generation: Comparison of Free Granular with Mesh-Packed Slides(3) Tsunamigenic Earthquakes at Along-dip Double Segmentation and Along-strike Single Segmentation near Japan(4) Time Evolution of Man-Made Harbor Modifications in San Diego: Effects on Tsunamis(5) An Experimental and Numerical Study of Long Wave Run-Up on a Plane Beach(6) Long Wave Flow Interaction with a Single Square Structure on a Sloping Beach(7) A Methodology for a Comprehensive Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment: Multiple Sources and Short-Term Interactions(8) The Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment of Urban Environments through Freely Available Datasets: The Case Study of Napoli City (Southern Italy)(9) Geological and Sedimentological Evidence of a Large Tsunami Occurring ~1100 Year BP from a Small Coastal Lake along the Bay of La Paz in Baja California Sur, Mexico(10) A Numerical Modelling Study on the Potential Role of Tsunamis in the Biblical Exodus(11) Ionospheric Electron Density Perturbations Driven by Seismic Tsunami-Excited Gravity Waves: Effect of Dynamo Electric Field(12) Modulation of Atmospheric Nonisothermality and Wind Shears on the Propagation of Seismic Tsunami-Excited Gravity Waves