Tuberculosis And The Tubercle Bacillus by William R. JacobsTuberculosis And The Tubercle Bacillus by William R. Jacobs

Tuberculosis And The Tubercle Bacillus

byWilliam R. Jacobs

Hardcover | September 25, 2017

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Can today's innovative practices and molecular tools tame this ancient disease?

One third of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis (TB), with about 10 million new cases annually. To combat TB and its agent,Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the World Health Organization launched The End TB Strategy, which aims to slash the suffering and cost of TB by 2035.

This makes the second edition ofTuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus, edited by Jacobs, McShane, Mizrahi, and Orme, an extremely valuable resource for scientists and clinicians. The editors have gathered their colleagues from around the world to present the latest on the molecular biology of M. tuberculosis and related species, the host-pathogen interactions that enable invasion, and the host's immune response to M. tuberculosis infection. The basic, clinical, and translational research presented in this book supports the goals of WHO's End TB Strategy by driving toward the development of effective vaccines, rapid molecular diagnostics, and anti-TB drugs.

• Creating an effective tuberculosis vaccine. Understand the innate and adaptive immune response to M. tuberculosis infection, its study in established animal models, and how this information is being used to develop new vaccines against TB.

• Formulating new antituberculosis drugs. Learn the challenges and methods for evaluating new drugs in preclinical trials with a focus on drugs that work against "persisters" and those that act on the electron transport complex and ATP synthase of M. tuberculosis.

• Overcoming the challenges of diagnosing tuberculosis. Review new diagnostic tools that are simple, rapid, affordable, specific, sensitive, and safe, including molecular-based diagnostic methods such as GeneXpert MTB/RIF.

• Using molecular, genomic, and bioinformatics tools to understand the biology and evolution of Mycobacterium. Explore current research on the molecular mechanisms that M. tuberculosis uses to evade the immune system, enter a state of nonreplicating persistence, and become reactivated.

The second edition ofTuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacilluspresents the latest research on a microorganism that is exquisitely well adapted to its human host. This pathogen continues to confound scientists, clinicians, and public health specialists, who will all find much valuable information in this comprehensive set of reviews.

Title:Tuberculosis And The Tubercle BacillusFormat:HardcoverDimensions:730 pages, 9.41 × 7.24 × 0.98 inPublished:September 25, 2017Publisher:AMERICAN SOCIETY MICRLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1555819559

ISBN - 13:9781555819552

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Table of Contents

Contributors Preface Section I: Towards Edward Jenner's Revenge: Developing an Effective Tuberculosis Vaccine A. Basic Immunology 1 Innate Immune Responses to Tuberculosis Jeffrey S. Schorey and Larry S. Schlesinger 2 Cytokines and Chemokines in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection Racquel Domingo-Gonzalez, Oliver Prince, Andrea Cooper, and Shabaana Khader 3 Regulation of Immunity to Tuberculosis Susanna Brighenti and Diane J. Ordway 4 The Memory Immune Response to Tuberculosis Joanna R. Kirman, Marcela I. Henao-Tamayo, and Else Marie Agger 5 Pathology of Tuberculosis: How the Pathology of Human Tuberculosis Informs and Directs Animal Models Randall J. Basaraba and Robert L. Hunter B. Animal Models 6 Animal Models of Tuberculosis: An Overview Ann Williams and Ian M. Orme 7 Mouse and Guinea Pig Models of Tuberculosis Ian M. Orme and Diane J. Ordway 8 Non-Human Primate Models of Tuberculosis Juliet C. Peña and Wen-Zhe Ho 9 Experimental Infection Models of Tuberculosis in Domestic Livestock Bryce M. Buddle, H. Martin Vordermeier, and R. Glyn Hewinson C. Vaccines 10 Clinical Testing of Tuberculosis Vaccine Candidates Mark Hatherill, Dereck Tait, and Helen McShane D. Human Immunology 11 Human Immunology of Tuberculosis Thomas J. Scriba, Anna K. Coussens, and Helen A. Fletcher 12 The Immune Interaction between HIV-1 Infection and Mycobacterium tuberculosis Elsa du Bruyn and Robert John Wilkinson Section II: Drug Discovery and Development: State of the Art and Future Directions 13 Preclinical Efficacy Testing of New Drug Candidates Eric L. Nuermberger 14 Oxidative Phosphorylation as a Target Space for Tuberculosis: Success, Caution, and Future Directions Gregory M. Cook, Kiel Hards, Elyse Dunn, Adam Heikal, Yoshio Nakatani, Chris Greening, Dean C. Crick, Fabio L. Fontes, Kevin Pethe, Erik Hasenoehrl, and Michael Berney 15 Targeting Phenotypically Tolerant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Ben Gold and Carl Nathan Section III: Biomarkers and Diagnostics 16 Tuberculosis Diagnostics: State of the Art and Future Directions Madhukar Pai, Mark P. Nicol, and Catharina C. Boehme 17 Latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection and Interferon-Gamma Release Assays Madhukar Pai and Marcel Behr 18 Impact of the GeneXpert MTB/RIF Technology on Tuberculosis Control Wendy Susan Stevens, Lesley Scott, Lara Noble, Natasha Gous, and Keertan Dheda Section IV: Host and Strain Diversity 19 The Role of Host Genetics (and Genomics) in Tuberculosis Vivek Naranbhai 20 The Evolutionary History, Demography, and Spread of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Maxime Barbier and Thierry Wirth 21 Impact of Genetic Diversity on the Biology of Mycobacerium tuberculosis Complex Strains Stefan Niemann, Matthias Merker, Thomas Kohl, and Philip Supply 22 Evolution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: New Insights into Pathogenicity and Drug Resistance Eva C. Boritsch and Roland Brosch Section V: The Signature Problem of Tuberculosis Persistence 23 Acid-Fast Positive and Acid-Fast Negative Mycobacterium tuberculosis: The Koch Paradox Catherine Vilchèze and Laurent Kremer 24 Mycobacterial Biofilms: Revisiting Tuberculosis Bacilli in Extracellular Necrotizing Lesions Randall J. Basaraba and Anil K. Ojha 25 Killing Mycobacterium tuberculosis In Vitro: What Model Systems Can Teach Us Tracy L. Keiser and Georgiana E. Purdy 26 Epigenetic Phosphorylation Control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection and Persistence Melissa Richard-Greenblatt and Yossef Av-Gay 27 DNA Replication in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Zanele Ditse, Meindert H. Lamers, and Digby F. Warner 28 The Sec Pathways and Exportomes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Brittany K. Miller, Katelyn E. Zulauf, and Miriam Braunstein 29 The Role of ESX-1 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Pathogenesis Ka-Wing Wong 30 The Minimal Unit of Infection: Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Macrophage Brian C. VanderVen, Lu Huang, Kyle H. Rohde, and David G. Russell 31 Metabolic Perspectives on Persistence Travis E. Hartman, Zhe Wang, Robert S. Jansen, Susana Gardete, and Kyu Y. Rhee 32 Phenotypic Heterogeneity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Neeraj Dhar, John McKinney, and Giulia Manina 33 Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Face of Host-Imposed Nutrient Limitation Michael Berney and Linda Berney-Meyer Index