Turks Across Empires tells the story of the pan-Turkists, a group of Muslim activists who became involved in a wave of revolutions taking place in Russia (1905), Iran (1906) and the Ottoman Empire (1908). It studies the activities of three men, Yusuf Akcura, Ismail Gasprinskii, and AhmetAgaoglu, who were part of a circle of Muslim writers and activists from Russia that was formed in Istanbul during the Young Turk era (1908-1918). The volume demonstrates how theirs is part of a much larger history of trans-imperial Muslims, the Russian-Ottoman borderlands, and the late imperial age. James Meyer examines international Muslim activist politics within its broader context of the events taking place at that time in the Russian-Ottoman borderlands: mobility, revolution, and the politicization of identity. These issues connect the pan-Turkists to the communities in which they lived inRussia, as well as to a larger population of trans-imperial Muslims living between the two empires. In particular, Turks Across Empires focuses upon three developments occurring between the middle of the nineteenth century and the First World War: an expansion in mobility, the outbreak of revolution, and a deep politicization of civilizational identity. Because these points are also characteristicof the post-Cold War era, Meyer argues that the experiences surrounding the pan-Turkists can provide valuable lessons for the present day. Drawing upon Russian and Turkic-language sources from Istanbul and a variety of Russian regions, this volume provides powerful insights into the nature ofRussian-Ottoman interactions, during a time rich with possibility and change.