Twenty-first Century India: Population, Economy, Human Development, and the Environment

Paperback | June 5, 2005

byTim Dyson, Robert Cassen, Leela Visaria

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Twenty-First Century India is the first study of India's development giving a fully integrated account of population and development. It is built on new projections of the population for fifty years from the Census of 2001. India's population then had already passed 1 billion. Twenty-fiveyears later it will exceed 1.4 billion, and will almost certainly pass 1.5 billion by mid-century. The projections incorporate for the first time both inter-state migration and the role of HIV/AIDS. They also show India's urban future, with close to half a billion urban inhabitants by the year 2026.The implications of this population growth are then traced out in a range of modelling and analytical work. Growing numbers are found to complicate the task of achieving widespread education in a number of India's states, while other states are already experiencing declines in their school-agepopulation. Demographic growth also contributes to poverty, and increasing divergence in social conditions among the states. As population growth slows in the country overall, the labour force continues to grow relatively fast, with difficult consequences for employment. But national economic growthcould be accelerated by the 'demographic bonus' of the declining proportion of dependents to workers in the population. The book is reasonably optimistic about India's food prospects: the country can continue to feed itself. It can also enjoy higher levels of energy use, manufacturing, and modern forms of transport, while experiencing less chemical pollution. India's cities can become cleaner and healthier places tolive. Perhaps the most difficult environmental issue, and the one most strongly related to population growth, is water. Some states also face severe pressures on common property resources. A policy chapter concludes the book. India's future problems are large, but in principle manageable. However,whether the country will actually achieve sustainable development for all is another matter.

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Twenty-First Century India is the first study of India's development giving a fully integrated account of population and development. It is built on new projections of the population for fifty years from the Census of 2001. India's population then had already passed 1 billion. Twenty-fiveyears later it will exceed 1.4 billion, and will...

Tim Dyson is Professor of Population Studies at the Development Studies Institute at the London School of Economics. Educated in England and Canada, he has held visiting positions at the Australian National University in Canberra, the International Institute of Population Sciences in Mumbai, and the American University of Beirut. Betw...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:436 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.94 inPublished:June 5, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199283826

ISBN - 13:9780199283828

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Table of Contents

1. OverviewDemography2. India's Population: The Past3. Mortality Trends and the Health Transition4. The Continuing Fertility Transition5. India's Population: The Future6. Migration and Urbanization: Retrospect and ProspectsSocial Sectors and the Economy7. Education and Literacy8. Employment9. The Condition of the People10. The Economy, the Past, and the FuturePopulation, Food, and Environment11. Prospects for Food Demand and Supply12. Modelling the Environment13. India's Urban Environment, Current Knowledge, and Future Possibilities14. Water15. Common Pool ResourcesPolicy16. Lessons and Policies

Editorial Reviews

"A valuable reference book and a model of quantitative analysis and sound prediction"--Foreign Affairs