Understanding Rheology

Hardcover | January 15, 2001

byFaith A. Morrison

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Rheology--the study of the deformation and flow of matter--deals primarily with the stresses generated during the flow of complex materials including polymers, colloids, foams, and gels. A rapidly growing and industrially important field, it plays a significant role in polymer processing, foodprocessing, coating and printing, and many other manufacturing processes. Designed as a main text for advanced undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in rheology or polymer rheology, Understanding Rheology is also an ideal self-teaching guide for practicing engineers and scientists who find rheological principles applicable to their work. Covering the most importantaspects of elementary modern rheology, this detailed and accessible text opens with an introduction to the field and then provides extensive background chapters on vector and tensor operations and Newtonian fluid mechanics. It continues with coverage of such topics as: * Standard Flows for Rheology * Material Functions * Experimental Observations * Generalized Newtonian Fluids * Generalized Linear-Viscoelastic Fluids * Nonlinear Constitutive Equations * Rheometry, including rheo-optics Understanding Rheology incorporates helpful pedagogical aids including numerous problems for each chapter, many worked examples, and an extensive glossary. It also contains useful appendices on nomenclature, mathematical tools, predictions of constitutive equations, and birefringence.

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Rheology--the study of the deformation and flow of matter--deals primarily with the stresses generated during the flow of complex materials including polymers, colloids, foams, and gels. A rapidly growing and industrially important field, it plays a significant role in polymer processing, foodprocessing, coating and printing, and many ...

Faith A. Morrison is at Michigan Technological University.

other books by Faith A. Morrison

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An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Kobo ebook|Apr 15 2013

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Format:HardcoverPublished:January 15, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195141660

ISBN - 13:9780195141665

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction: How Much Do I Need to Learn about Rheology?1.1. Shear Thinning/Shear Thickening1.2. Yield Stress1.3. Elastic/Viscoelastic Effects1.4. Rheology as Spectroscopy1.5. Process Modeling2. Vector and Tensor Operations2.1. Scalars2.2. Vectors2.3. Tensors2.4. Differential Operations with Vectors and Tensors2.5. Curvilinear Coordinates2.6. Vector and Tensor Integral Theorems2.7. Problems3. Newtonian Fluid Mechanics3.1. Conservation of Mass3.2. Conservation of Momentum3.3. The Newtonian Constitutive Equation3.4. The Navier-Stokes Equation3.5. Example Flow Problems: Incompressible Newtonian Fluids3.6. Problems4. Standard Flows for Rheology4.1. Introduction4.2. Simple Shear Flow4.3. Simple Shear-Free (Elongational) Flows4.4. Forms of the Stress Tensor in Standard Flows4.5. Measuring Stresses in Standard Flows4.6. Problems5. Material Functions5.1. Introduction and Definitions5.2. Shear Flow5.3. Elogational Flow5.4. Problems6. Experimental Data6.1. Steady Shear Flow6.2. Unsteady Shear FLow6.3. Steady Elongational Flow6.4. Unsteady Elongational Flow6.5. Summary6.6. Problems7. No Memory: Generalized Newtonian Fluids7.1. Constitutive Constraints7.2. The GNF Constitutive Equation7.3. Material Function Predictions7.4. Example Flow Problems: Power-Law Generalized Newtonian Fluid7.5. Limitations on GNF Models8. Memory Effects: Generalized Linear-Visoelastic Fluids8.1. Memory Effects8.2. The Maxwell Models8.3. The GLVE Constitutive Equation8.4. Example Flow Problems: GLVE Fluid8.5. Limitations on the GLVE Model8.6. Problems9. Introduction to More Advanced Constitutive Modeling9.1. Finite Strain Measures9.2. Lodge Equation9.3. Convected Derivatives9.4. Other Constitutive Approaches9.5. Problems10. Rheometry10.1. Shear Flow10.2. Elongational Flows10.3. Flow Birefringence10.4. Summary10.5. ProblemsA. NomenclatureB. GlossaryC. MathematsC1. Math HintsC2. Differential Operations in Curvlinear CoordinatesC3. Projection of a PlaneC4. Finite Deformation Tensors in Curvlinear CoordinatesC5. Coordinate Transformations of Orthonormal BasesC6. Finding Principal ValuesC7. Contravariant/Covariant Transformations of TensorsC8. Problems--Mathematics AppendixD. Predictions of Constitutive EquationsE. Optics of BirefringenceE1. Light in a VacuumE2. Light in an Isotropic MediumE3. Light in an Anisotropic MediumE4. SummaryE5. ProblemsReferencesIndex