Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century by M. M. SlaughterUniversal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century by M. M. Slaughter

Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth Century

byM. M. Slaughter

Paperback | March 4, 2010

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In the seventeenth century, a series of proposals and schemes for an artificial language intended to replace Latin as the international medium of communication gained currency. Fully developed, these schemes consisted of a classification of all known 'things' and a set of self-defining names designed to reflect the divisions of the classification. This attempt to create a specialized and scientific form of language was enthusiastically taken up by a number of eminent scientists of the day, including Bacon, Descartes, Newton and other members of the Royal Society. Dr Slaughter demonstrates that the idea of a universal language was a rational response to the inadequacy of seventeenth-century language, a result of social and cultural changes precipitated by the rise of science, the spread of print and literacy, and the subsequent development of a literate culture. A valuable addition to the study of history and literature, this book also has relevance for contemporary languages with similar problems of development.
Title:Universal Languages and Scientific Taxonomy in the Seventeenth CenturyFormat:PaperbackProduct dimensions:288 pages, 9.02 × 5.98 × 0.63 inShipping dimensions:9.02 × 5.98 × 0.63 inPublished:March 4, 2010Publisher:Cambridge University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0521135443

ISBN - 13:9780521135443

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Table of Contents

Preface; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Part I. The Rise of Essentialist Taxonomy: 1. The Aristotelian origins; 2. Taxonomy; 3. Nomenclature; Part II. The Development of the Universal Languages: 4. The groundwork; 5. Proposals and schemes for a universal language; 6. Proposals for a philosophical language; 7. Schemes for a philosophical language; 8. The culmination, aftermath and end; Part III. The End of the Taxonomic Episteme: 9. The fall of essentialist taxonomy; Notes; Bibliography; Index.