The book explores the often unexpected links between India and East-Central Europe in the early decades of the twentieth century through the writings of Slovenia's leading avant-garde poet Srecko Kosovel and India's best-known writer Rabindranath Tagore. This is the first in-depth comparativestudy of the two contemporaries grappling with the challenges of European imperialisms and "western" modernity from their respective backgrounds. Kosovel strongly identified with Tagore in the post-WWI years when parts of Slovene-populated territory came under Italy. The two writers, despite their different backgrounds, are seen to share a similar set of preoccupations. They both rejected nationalism in favour of a broader, universalist perspective. Despite their differences, Tagore and Kosovel are seen to be kindred spirits. The contours of an expandinginternationalist stage of the 1920s united the two writers in their world view. This book is also a reminder of responses from within Europe that have largely been overlooked in the dominant postcolonial and cultural studies perspectives.