University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Hardcover | May 14, 2014

EditorPaola Mattei

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Financial sustainability is one of the key challenges confronting Europe's universities today. Despite the fact that universities are at the centre of knowledge creation and development, which itself is seen as one of the main engines of economic growth, public funding of higher education inmost countries is not increasing or at least not increasing enough in real terms. "Democratisation of higher education" has led to the fact that the higher education budgets per student are relatively low in most European countries compared to Europe's competitors. Despite declarations of intent toincrease spending on higher education and research, it is not very likely that public expenditure will grow significantly on average in Europe and therefore be able to keep up with rapidly inflating costs in the years to come. One of the reasons for this is that higher education and research have tocompete with other priorities in public budgets (e.g., security, health, etc.). Furthermore, the recent economic downturn has contributed to the decision in many European countries to decrease the levels of investment in higher education and research. Such trends are particularly worrisome for universities across Europe, whose continuing dependence on public funding puts theirfuture sustainability under pressure. New funding schemes and incentives have been discussed and introduced in many European higher education systems, including competitive funding schemes for research under the name of "excellence" policies.Despite the different national institutional configurations in Europe, higher education systems face similar demands of promoting sustainable funding models, maintaining high academic standards, and equality. Thus, financial sustainability is not an end in itself; it aims to ensure that the publicuniversity's goals are reached by guaranteeing that the institution produces sufficient income to enable it to invest in high quality education and produce equitable outcomes. For these reasons, this book analyses funding reforms from a multidimensional approach.

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Financial sustainability is one of the key challenges confronting Europe's universities today. Despite the fact that universities are at the centre of knowledge creation and development, which itself is seen as one of the main engines of economic growth, public funding of higher education inmost countries is not increasing or at least ...

Paola Mattei (Ph.D. London School of Economics) is a Fellow at the European Studies Centre at St Antony's College, University of Oxford, and University Lecturer in Comparative Social Policy. Her research examines comparative welfare reforms, health care and comparative education policy reforms. She has published numerous articles on t...

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University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times
University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Kobo ebook|Apr 2 2014

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:May 14, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199989397

ISBN - 13:9780199989393

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Table of Contents

Part I. Funding: Pressures, Reforms, and Analytical Foundations1. Paola Mattei: Public Accountability Reforms and Higher Education2. Peter Maassen and se Gornitzka: Dynamics of Convergence and Divergence. Exploring Accounts of Higher Education Policy Change3. Tom Christensen, se Gornitzka, Peter Maassen: Global pressures and national cultures: a Nordic University template?4. Thomas Estermann and Enora Pruvot: Financially Sustainable Universities: Challenges and Strategies in Times of Austerity5. Corine Eyraud: Reforming Under Pressure. Higher Education Reforms in France (2006-2010)Part II. Internationalisation and Europeanization6. Ulrich Teichler: The Value of Temporary Study Abroad: The ERASMUS Experience7. Jeroen Huisman: Europeanization and Higher Education: Comfortable Bedfellows?8. Jan Sadlak: University Rankings: The Manifestation and Driver of Competition for Excellence Within the New Higher Education LandscapePart III. Massification of Higher Education: Strategies of Equality or Privatisation?9. Jadwiga Koralewicz: Privatisation of Higher Education in Central and Eastern Europe10. Jan O. Jonsson: Class and Ethnic Inequality in Educational Outcomes in an International PerspectiveBibliographyIndex