Unless by Carol ShieldsUnless by Carol Shields

Unless

byCarol Shields

Paperback | April 22, 2003

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“Unless you’re lucky, unless you’re healthy, fertile, unless you’re loved and fed, unless you’re offered what others are offered, you go down in the darkness, down to despair.”

Reta Winters has many reasons to be happy: Her three almost grown daughters. Her twenty-year relationship with their father. Her work translating the larger-than-life French intellectual and feminist Danielle Westerman. Her modest success with a novel of her own, and the clamour of her American publisher for a sequel. Then in the spring of her forty-fourth year, all the quiet satisfactions of her well-lived life disappear in a moment: her eldest daughter Norah suddenly runs from the family and ends up mute and begging on a Toronto street corner, with a hand-lettered sign reading GOODNESS around her neck.

GOODNESS. With the inconceivable loss of her daughter like a lump in her throat, Reta tackles the mystery of this message. What in this world has broken Norah, and what could bring her back to the provisional safety of home? Reta’s wit is the weapon she most often brandishes as she kicks against the pricks that have brought her daughter down: Carol Shields brings us Reta’s voice in all its poignancy, outrage and droll humour.

Piercing and sad, astute and evocative, full of tenderness and laughter, Unless will stand with The Stone Diaries in the canon of Carol Shields’s fiction.
Born in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1935, Carol Shields moved to Canada at the age of twenty-two, after studying at the University of Exeter in England, and then obtained her M.A. at the University of Ottawa. She started publishing poetry in her thirties, and wrote her first novel, Small Ceremonies, in 1976. Over the next three decades, Shi...
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Title:UnlessFormat:PaperbackDimensions:336 pages, 8 × 5.2 × 0.95 inPublished:April 22, 2003Publisher:Random House of CanadaLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0679311807

ISBN - 13:9780679311805

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Reviews

Rated 2 out of 5 by from Slow Read I found this book to be an incredibly slow read. I had no trouble putting it down, in fact picking it up again was the hard part. The setting was simple and boring and the book followed a lot of everyone doing nothing. Reta doesn't do much ever, even when her own daughter is clearly going through some kind of emotional trauma or mental breakdown she doesn't ever bother to actually do anything to fix it. I did some research before reading it and read somewhere about it being an allegory or retelling of the Persephone/Demeter myth of the Greeks but honestly didn't find too many similarities. Where Demeter is passionate and rightfully distraught over her daughter's absence, Reta is entirely lack-luster about Norah's. Even Norah's motives seem to be half-thought and entirely unconvincing.
Date published: 2017-08-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Profound Meditation on Life and Reality this is a re-read for me. previously, i loved the story. this time, i LOVED it. i'm going to make a mash about trying to review this novel... so apologies upfront for the hot mess that likely follows. :/ to me, this is a perfect novel. carol shields was a literary force and i miss her all the time. unless was her last novel - published in 2002. diagnosed with stage III breast cancer in december of 1998, shields was receiving treatment (which included surgery, radiation and chemotherapy) while she was writing unless. sadly, she passed away from the disease on july 16, 2003. i include this information because this novel takes a sharper tone and expresses anger in a way that isn't quite as pronounced in some of the other works i have read from her. unless is also a bit of a 'life's big questions' story (though this was something shields often pursued with her writing). i have no way of knowing whether shields's illness and the emotions navigated during that time found their way into her book. as i was reading, i did think on this question quite a bit. illness is a brutal part of life. dealing with chronic or terminal disease always affects the person living with one. and how any individual chooses to handle their illness is, apart from a learning opportunity for others, a time for our respect, our empathy, and our understanding. this is a long ramble of an opening paragraph and a bit of a tangent, but it's tied in to my feeling that shields, with unless, has given a master class in so many different things. but... back to the book. :) shields gives us so much with this story, and so many ideas and layers to unpack. and she does it so cleverly. perhaps too cleverly -- i think it would be easy for some readers to dismiss this novel based on its surface. i hope you won't do that if you decide to read it. "I like to think of this book on these four little legs: this idea of mothers and children; the idea of writers and readers – I wanted to talk about the writing process; I wanted to talk about goodness; and then I wanted to talk about men and women – this gender issue, which interests me so much and has actually been a part of every book I've written. I think I am always writing about this. --Carol Shields from the interview “Ideas of Goodness” with Eleanor Wachtel, published in Random Illuminations: Conversations with Carol Shields the story begins when we learn that reta winters's 19yo daughter, norah, has dropped out of university and sits, silently, on a busy city street corner with a sign that reads 'goodness'. reta, her husband tom, and their 2 other teenaged daughters do what they can to support norah, to help her, respect her, and get her back home. there is a mystery as to why norah has made these choices, and we will get the answer, slowly. the chapter headings are all prepositions or conjunctions. small, simple words which carry a lot of weight when considered more deeply. i truly found this novel to be a profound meditation on life and reality. "Unless is the worry word of the English language. It flies like a moth around the ear, you hardly hear it, and yet everything depends on its breathy presence. ... Unless you're lucky, unless you're healthy, fertile, unless you're loved and fed, unless you're clear about your sexual direction, unless you're offered what others are offered, you go down in the darkness, down to despair." this may sound very dark and heavy... and certainly there are these moments in the story. life, human beings, are not a tidy, happy species all the time. yet there is also a quietness as reta excavates her life, trying to figure out why norah is on the street. it's an incredible balance achieved. alright... i guess i'll stop here for now. i know this 'review' hasn't done much justice... but i hope it, at least, makes you curious to check out carol shields's work, if you are not already familiar with her.
Date published: 2017-07-03
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Really enjoyed this I did not want to put it down -- I very quickly came to care about the characters. #plumreview
Date published: 2017-01-02
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Worth Finishing Initially, I thought the writing was a little simple and Reta's character rather boring. However, there are parts of this story that grab you in unexpected places and don't let go. By the end I was thrilled with having read this book and surprised at how relatable I found the content. Perfect for any female university students who need a little boost.
Date published: 2016-11-06
Rated 5 out of 5 by from wonderful Unless is one of those works of art which we do not judge: it judges us.
Date published: 2011-01-21
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Surprisingly relatable This story is more about evoking feelings rather than focusing on one specific plot. Initially the 'female author' theme seemed a little self-serving, however I gradually found myself becoming passionate about the issues Shields was writing about. The snippets of Reta out with her friends, writing her novel, or visiting her daughter were quite emotionally relatable. The entire book just left me with a feeling of security in the human spirit. It was an altogether lovely, heartfelt piece. Everyone has something they are internally or externally fighting for, and the character of Reta Winters exemplifies this so well. Indulge in it!
Date published: 2010-01-15
Rated 4 out of 5 by from "Absolutely great!" I picked this book to read for school and I loved it! Although not very much happened, it was very interesting and well-written. Someone who wants "action" in what they read may not enjoy it, but if you take it for what it is, then you will probably like it. I did! My only complaint is the ending which was not resolute enough for me, and I didn't quite get it.
Date published: 2008-03-10
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Brilliant! I loved this book! It is a beautifully written book, exquisitely remarkable!
Date published: 2007-01-19
Rated 4 out of 5 by from fantastic This was the first time I'd ever read Carol Shields. Initially her writing style and prose were so unique that I was having doubts about being able to get into the story. The further I went, the more it became evident that that particular style WAS the story; it's what made it so fantastic. The story of a mother trying to continue her life while her daughter has become completely foreign to her, was both heart-breaking and thought-provoking to me. What are a mother's options? What constitutes a woman's life? This story was very touching and although I'm not a mother myself, it really resonated with me as a woman. The prose was captivating and the characters haunting.
Date published: 2006-08-30
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Had no trouble putting it down This book was easy to put down - it took me 4 months to read it However, the storyline was easy to pick up again (like a soap opera you haven't seen in a while) The recurring message of women being invisible or ignored was somewhat depressing. That being said, the book was well written and the character of Nora was unforgettable. I've already forgotten everyone else's name in the book.
Date published: 2006-06-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from all mothers of teen aged girls must read this Carol Shields' characters in her book 'Unless' created paradigm shift in my relationship with my troubled daughter. Her message instilled the potential of hope in the face of despair. This message is needed by every mother who has lived with the unfathomable pain that has arisen as a consequence of the moments of the growth and human experiences that our children can encounter once they leave the shelter of our homes.
Date published: 2004-12-27
Rated 2 out of 5 by from No-one to cheer for! It's difficult to cheer for such a wimpy character as Reta Winters who does nothing to improve her world. Shields has created no great opposition for Reta to rise against - her daughter is on the streets and what does Reta do.... absolutely nothing! She does nothing about anything throughout the entire book - even her daughter's eventual return home wasn't caused by Reta – which was a big rip off to those of us who invested time in this lackluster character. If Shields's language wasn't so lovely, and I didn't have to read this book for my book club, I could never have possibly finished it.
Date published: 2003-12-15
Rated 3 out of 5 by from blandly banal I've never read anything else by Carol Shields, but I found her novel a little too mundane. She says, at one point, that someone once said women are the miniaturists of fiction . I prefer larger, loftier ideas and points of view. I was also disappointed by the ending.
Date published: 2003-05-26
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Not as soon as her other books This book was well-written, but it lacked the lustre of the Stone Diaries or the Republic of Love or Swann, which Shields wrote a number of years ago. The ending of Unless was especially disappointing, as it seemed out of place somehow. If you haven't yet read one of her novels, don't pick this one. The Stone Diaries is a much better novel, with more depth, better characterization and a better plot.
Date published: 2003-05-21

Read from the Book

Here’sIt happens that I am going through a period of great unhappiness and loss just now. All my life I’ve heard people speak of finding themselves in acute pain, bankrupt in spirit and body, but I’ve never understood what they meant. To lose. To have lost. I believed these visitations of darkness lasted only a few minutes or hours and that these saddened people, in between bouts, were occupied, as we all were, with the useful monotony of happiness. But happiness is not what I thought. Happiness is the lucky pane of glass you carry in your head. It takes all your cunning just to hang on to it, and once it’s smashed you have to move into a different sort of life.In my new life -- the summer of the year 2000 -- I am attempting to “count my blessings.” Everyone I know advises me to take up this repellent strategy, as though they really believe a dramatic loss can be replaced by the renewed appreciation of all one has been given. I have a husband, Tom, who loves me and is faithful to me and is very decent looking as well, tallish, thin, and losing his hair nicely. We live in a house with a paid-up mortgage, and our house is set in the prosperous rolling hills of Ontario, only an hour’s drive north of Toronto. Two of our three daughters, Natalie, fifteen, and Christine, sixteen, live at home. They are intelligent and lively and attractive and loving, though they too have shared in the loss, as has Tom.And I have my writing.“You have your writing!” friends say. A murmuring chorus: But you have your writing, Reta. No one is crude enough to suggest that my sorrow will eventually become material for my writing, but probably they think it.And it’s true. There is a curious and faintly distasteful comfort, at the age of forty-three, forty-four in September, in contemplating what I have managed to write and publish during those impossibly childish and sunlit days before I understood the meaning of grief. “My Writing”: this is a very small poultice to hold up against my damaged self, but better, I have been persuaded, than no comfort at all.It’s June, the first year of the new century, and here’s what I’ve written so far in my life. I’m not including my old schoolgirl sonnets from the seventies -- Satin-slippered April, you glide through time / And lubricate spring days, de dum, de dum -- and my dozen or so fawning book reviews from the early eighties. I am posting this list not on the screen but on my consciousness, a far safer computer tool and easier to access:1. A translation and introduction to Danielle Westerman’s book of poetry, Isolation, April 1981, one month before our daughter Norah was born, a home birth naturally; a midwife; you could almost hear the guitars plinking in the background, except we did not feast on the placenta as some of our friends were doing at the time. My French came from my Québécoise mother, and my acquaintance with Danielle from the University of Toronto, where she taught French civilization in my student days. She was a poor teacher, hesitant and in awe, I think, of the tanned, healthy students sitting in her classroom, taking notes worshipfully and stretching their small suburban notion of what the word civilization might mean. She was already a recognized writer of kinetic, tough-corded prose, both beguiling and dangerous. Her manner was to take the reader by surprise. In the middle of a flattened rambling paragraph, deceived by warm stretches of reflection, you came upon hard cartilage.I am a little uneasy about claiming Isolation as my own writing, but Dr. Westerman, doing one of her hurrying, over-the-head gestures, insisted that translation, especially of poetry, is a creative act. Writing and translating are convivial, she said, not oppositional, and not at all hierarchical. Of course, she would say that. My introduction to Isolation was certainly creative, though, since I had no idea what I was talking about.I hauled it out recently and, while I read it, experienced the Burrowing of the Palpable Worm of Shame, as my friend Lynn Kelly calls it. Pretension is what I see now. The part about art transmuting the despair of life to the “merely frangible,” and poetry’s attempt to “repair the gap between ought and naught” -- what on earth did I mean? Too much Derrida might be the problem. I was into all that pretty heavily in the early eighties.2. After that came “The Brightness of a Star,” a short story that appeared in An Anthology of Young Ontario Voices (Pink Onion Press, 1985). It’s hard to believe that I qualified as “a young voice” in 1985, but, in fact, I was only twenty-nine, mother of Norah, aged four, her sister Christine, aged two, and about to give birth to Natalie -- in a hospital this time. Three daughters, and not even thirty. “How did you find the time?” people used to chorus, and in that query I often registered a hint of blame: was I neglecting my darling sprogs for my writing career? Well, no. I never thought in terms of career. I dabbled in writing. It was my macramé, my knitting. Not long after, however, I did start to get serious and joined a local “writers’ workshop” for women, which met every second week, for two hours, where we drank coffee and had a good time and deeply appreciated each other’s company, and that led to:3. “Icon,” a short story, rather Jamesian, 1986. Gwen Reidman, the only published author in the workshop group, was our leader. The Glenmar Collective (an acronym of our first names – not very original) was what we called ourselves. One day Gwen said, moving a muffin to her mouth, that she was touched by the “austerity” of my short story -- which was based, but only roughly, on my response to the Russian icon show at the Art Gallery of Ontario. My fictional piece was a case of art “embracing/repudiating art,” as Gwen put it, and then she reminded us of the famous “On First Looking Into Chapman’s Homer” and the whole aesthetic of art begetting art, art worshipping art, which I no longer believe in, by the way. Either you do or you don’t. The seven of us, Gwen, Lorna, Emma Allen, Nan, Marcella, Annette, and I (my name is Reta Winters -- pronounced Ree-tah) self-published our pieces in a volume titled Incursions and Interruptions, throwing in fifty dollars each for the printing bill. The five hundred copies sold quickly in the local bookstores, mostly to our friends and families. Publishing was cheap, we discovered. What a surprise. We called ourselves the Stepping Stone Press, and in that name we expressed our mild embarrassment at the idea of self-publishing, but also the hope that we would “step” along to authentic publishing in the very near future. Except Gwen, of course, who was already there. And Emma, who was beginning to publish op-ed pieces in the Globe and Mail.

Bookclub Guide

1. At the beginning of Unless, Reta Winters lists her literary accomplishments, almost providing a survey of her career. The event that is so central to this novel, Norah’s disappearance, is mentioned almost as a side issue. What does writing mean to Reta Winters?2. The bond Reta has with the members of her writing group are long-lasting, and at times she seems closer to them than to her family. What is Shields saying about friendships, and women’s or writers’ friendships in particular?3. In a recent interview about the subtle use of domestic detail in her work, Carol Shields commented, “I’m always kind of interested in why people don’t write about the things right in front of them.” What is the role of everyday life in this novel?4. Carol Shields has always been known for her biting humour. How does she use this talent in Unless?5. What stands in the way of Norah's happiness, as far as her mother is concerned?6. Throughout the novel, Reta tries to understand her daughter’s absence by trying to determine the meaning of “GOODNESS.” What does Norah’s sign mean - to Norah, to Reta, and to this novel?7. Hardly, next, thereby, unless, not yet. . . . Carol Shields is famous for her wordplay, and in Unless her attention is focused on words and phrases whose meanings are elusive without context. For Reta, such words come to be intimately tied to the truth of what happened to Norah. Why?From the Hardcover edition.

Editorial Reviews

“The beauty of Ms. Shields’ writing is the clarity and accessibility of her words. She treats the reader as an intimate, revealing details in a sympathetic voice. . . . Ms. Shields’ book is invaluable . . .” -- New Brunswick Reader“In Unless . . ., Carol Shields’s brilliant latest novel, she explores the notion of goodness and the writing process -- and how society tries to shuffle smart uncompromising women off to the margins of life. In a lesser mortal’s hands, such a book would be an earnest snore, but Shields wields a wicked wit that hits close to the bone. Think the word “unless” implies ambivalence? This book is a sure thing.” -- Chatelaine“[Y]et another delectable investigation into human folly . . .” -- Library Journal“Warmth, passion and wisdom come together in Shields’s remarkably supple prose. Unless, a harrowing but ultimately consoling story of one family’s anguish and healing, proves her mastery of extraordinary fictions about ordinary life.” -- Amazon.com“Brilliant, humane and deeply satisfying…. It is part of Shields’s genius that she so often offers up humour and compassion on the same plate -- sometimes spiced with a subtle political comment or two. But, I repeat, this is only a part of her genius. The true gift that she gives us is that of her enormous wisdom, a wisdom that is achingly apparent in this amazing combination of darkness and light, humour and pathos called Unless. The fact that there are no clear answers to the questions that surround the nature of goodness, happiness, sorrow, does not mean that these conditions should remain unexamined. It is examinations of this kind that enhance life itself. And who better than this author to show us where to look, what to pay attention to? What better guide than a book like Unless, and what better companion than Carol Shields?” -- Jane Urquhart, The Globe and Mail“Unless does offer hope simply in its accomplishment, in its soothing spirit of goodness that somehow transcends both character and narrative.” -- National Post“Once again, Carol Shields takes the lives of ordinary people and exposes the human heart at its best….life in general and the lives of women in particular are viewed in Shields’ work with an elegant confluence of simplicity and complexity.” -- Times-Colonist“…poignant, yet often astringently funny….as ever, Shields’ graceful prose is a pleasure to read. She has a remarkable way of describing things one might already know, but she does so in surprising, fresh and distinctly new ways, ways that allow the reader to understand something anew.” -- Winnipeg Free Press“Carol Shields is one of that small group of writers -- among them, Alice Munro, Richard Ford, Jayne Anne Phillips, and yes, Joan Clark -- capable of making the ordinary utterly and completely extraordinary.” -- The Calgary Herald “‘Unless’ is a signal word, curious, a warning and a sign. As this is a signal novel, profound and resonant, written with the virtuosity and understated brilliance that is distinctive to Carol Shields. Quite simply, Unless is a masterpiece. Brava! Brava!” -- The Ottawa Citizen“If writers were rivers, Shields would flow more deeply and more mysteriously than it would appear from standing on the bank.” -- Kitchener-Waterloo Record“Reading the book is like having an intimate conversation with an old friend….Funny and sad, comic and poignant all at the same time, Unless is the continuation of a conversation that has been ongoing among women for generations.” -- The Chronicle-Herald (Halifax)“Generous and inquiring of heart, muted in its palette, this is a grammar of melancholy: of a particular sadness, both domestic and worldly, that arrives unbidden and settles in…. Outrage, humour, compassion, and the elegant arcs of language that distinguish Carol Shields’s enduring body of work: these are here in spades. Complacency is absent, and anything that smells of defeat. Unless is a graceful summing-up -- a backward glance, an acknowledgement of this moment, and, finally, the truest assurance that art can give: the future starts now.” -- Bill Richardson, Georgia Straight“Unless is a triumph; a complex and rich study of family, the illusion of happiness, the process of writing and what it means to be a woman trying to find a place in a literal and/or literary world.” -- The Edmonton Journal“A novel for the ages…. Unless is the work of a master writer at the peak of her powers…. Unless has a sense of the timeless about it, a sense that it will be read with as much eagerness 100 years from now as it will be today.” -- Vancouver Sun“From page one [Shields} commands her place as a writer capable of astounding prose and perspective….It is the kind of writing that makes one stop, take a breath, then reread.” -- The Hamilton Spectator“…moving, satisfying and unsettling all at once.” -- The Gazette (Montreal)“[W]ithout question, her most powerful novel to date. . . . [A]t once witty and acute, deeply intelligent and profoundly tender. . . . . This novel offers a tunnel into the light, into an alternate plane where the interior voice of an intelligent woman is heard, astringent, tender and clear.” -- Maclean’s“[Unless] is altogether engaging, thought-provoking and easily ranks among Shields’ best work.” -- The Kingston-Whig Standard“Shields shares with fellow Canadian Alice Munro not only her Ontario milieu but also a gift for psychological acuity expressed in limpid, shimmering prose.” -- Booklist"All novelists worth their fictional salt can create characters; Carol Shields creates lives...As with all her work, the lives she creates [here] are lovingly delineated, shot through with recognizable reality. The writing itself is perhaps better than ever, pellucid and knowing, as naturally paced as breathing itself, yet with images so apt they pounce off the page...Shields' readers will encounter great poignancy and great wisdom in this book...Carol Shields remakes the world and returns it to us, with hope, grace and redeeming life." -- New York Times Book Review (US)"Like The Stone Diaries and its tour-de-force follow-up novel, Larry's Party, Unless presents itself, almost insistently, as a story about ordinary lives. But then, through her sensitive observation and exacting prose, the author proceeds to flip them over and show us their uncommon depths" -- Washington Post Book World (US)"Unless is a formidable meditation on reality: it takes the vessel of fiction in its hands and hurls it to the floor. Shields' unambiguous prose is here put to the service of her intellectual daring and the result is a book that speaks without pretension about its strange and singular subject: the relationship between women and culture, the nature of artistic endeavour, and the hostility of female truth to representations of itself...Shields has produced a very, very clever book about motherhood, honour, art, language and love. It is a lament, a punch in the face, an embrace. I want to call it a masterpiece -- but I think I'll leave that for a man to say." -- New Statesman (UK) "....a deceptively philosophical novel that succeeds in being both disturbing and reassuring in it multiple truths....the always polite, deeply subversive Shields has managed to expose, even explode, the artifice at the heart of fiction's conventions, those slightly dishonest, unwritten rules of which everyone is aware but which no one really mentions....Shields, in common with many North American writers, possesses that mastery of the ordinary that makes fiction breathe." -- Irish Times"Unless is an extraordinary and dangerous novel. Dangerous because, like good philosophy, it asks the most fundamental questions, questions we try to avoid in our daily lives, as we study the 'art of diversion'. There are no easy answers to those questions -- 'what is goodness? what is happiness' -- but what makes a novelist great is the preparedness to ask them -- and Carol Shields asks them more scrupulously and elegantly than most." -- The Scotsman"Unless is a joy to read, a writer working at the top of her game, bringing a remarkable intelligence to bear on both the human and the literary condition." -- Financial Times (US)"Mothers have searched for their lost daughters in literature ever since Demeter plunged into the underworld to bring back the errant Persephone. Carol Shields' intriguing new novel mines this rich tradition to moving effect.... Shields invents a heroine forced to discard her suspicion of feminism and tiptoe towards it, learning to ask questions about social exclusion and human justice....This is [her] most interesting novel to date." -- The Independent (UK)"...the book's challenging structure ultimately reveals its hidden ambitions. Shields once again delivers a stunningly capacious portrait of art's least favourite subject, an ordinary happy life." -- Time Out New York"With characteristically magical prose and meticulous observation, Shields brings to life Reta's anguish and bewilderment with a vividness that is so moving, so deeply felt, that you linger over every exquisite word, reading it and rereading it, never wanting the page to end. It is a masterpiece -- in the most delicate miniature" -- Daily Mail (UK)"Reta Winters is a marvelously inventive character whose thought-provoking commentary on the ties between writing, love, art and family are constantly compelling in this unabashedly feminist novel. The icing on the cake is the ending, which introduces a startling but believable twist to the plight of a young woman who 'in doing nothing...has claimed everything'. The result is a landmark book." -- Publishers Weekly (US) starred"If ever a book deserved to be short-listed for the Booker, it is this one." -- Publishing News (UK)"It is part of Shields's genius that she so often offers up humour and compassion on the same plate - sometimes spiced with a subtle political comment or two. But this...is only part of her genius. The true gift that she gives us is that of her enormous wisdom, a wisdom that is achingly apparent in this amazing combination of darkness and light, humour and pathos called UNLESS" -- Globe and Mail"Unless is, in part, a meditation on the worth of a life spent writing -- Reta Winters, its protaganist, is herself a writer...Reta's letters are full of things Carol Shields has clearly long wanted to get off her chest and they have a real engine, energy and sparky animus to them...Read [Unless] for the sheer life of the last chapter wherein the conditional title is explained, but every narrative thread, this not being a comedy, is not tied up." -- The Herald (Glasgow) "Nobody better captures the comic lunacy of the quotidien...but there is no mistaking the sharp mind in the background....Shields herself must be every editor's dream. She writes like an angel, awesome in the intelligence of her observations and never less than elegant in expressing them." -- Sunday Telegraph (UK)"Shields is probably our most intelligent and beguiling observer of the everyday drama of common existence. Unless is her most raw and intentful novel yet, centred on tragedy and loss rather than the more expected themes of marital connectedness, the delicate architecture of desire and the necessity of peace, although all these subjects have a place in this exquisite new work. The novel that Reta wants to write is 'about something happening, About characters moving against a 'there'. This is just what her creator has achieved, with a matchless sensitivity that makes you draw in your breath." -- Sunday Times (UK)"Unless is a fierce novel in which the 'f' word, feminism, rears its head. [It] is a book that celebrates the lives and concerns of women and plumbs the pitfalls of being female but refrains from male-bashing....Reta writes loopy, funny, marvellously outraged letters that she never sends to authors and editors about their omission of women in their discussions of the 'Great Books' or their failure to cite any women in their references....Reta Winters is a spectacular character, a loving, wise, fallible, accomplished and flawed woman who turns inside to seek the answers about her daughter that the world won't provide." -- Rocky Mountain News (US)"Carol Shields's latest novel [is] her most questing and perhaps most personal yet. Unless is a defence of the art of fiction, but at the same time is deeply sceptical of it. It is intellectual and philosophical, but at the same time celebrates the mundane. Only a writer with the technical skill and warm humanity of Shields is capable of holding such contradictions in the delicate and satisfying balance that she achieves here...Unless is the purest expression of her art. It is required reading." -- The Mail on Sunday (UK)"Her expertly deft touch with character and place, her sly merging of clues with cluelessness, ultimately blossom, Shields-like, in gold-minted scenes that not only answer the hard questions pointed at the heart but reward every single agonizing moment spent helplessly watching over a lost child in hope she will come home." -- Toronto Star"Unless is her angriest book to date -- a study in awakening and the belated loss of innocence." -- The Guardian (UK)"Some books come along at just the right time -- Erica Jong's 'Fear of Flying', Doris Lessing's 'The Golden Notebook' or Syvia Plath's 'The Bell Jar' come to mind -- capturing the exact thoughts and feelings of women at a certain moment in history. Carol Shields' 10th novel Unless is just such a book. In Unless, now the best of her novels, Shields has illuminated not only one woman's life, but has reflected the joys, sorrows and anger found in the lives of many women.....I love this book. It has mattered in my life in a big way that few books matter in a reader's life. I have read it three times now and I will read it again and again, because each reading brings something new and thought-provoking, something disturbing and energizing; each time I find something else to admire in its intricate construction, its precise use of language. It speaks the truth with crystalline clarity." -- The Times-Picayune (US)"From Pulitzer-winning Carol Shields, a tale about existential disarray that's spiked with feminist outrage and leavened with womanly wit...[Shields] maintains her claim as one of our most gifted and probing novelists." -- Kirkus (US) starred"Shields shares with fellow Canadian Alice Munro not only her Ontario milieu but also a gift for psychological acuity expressed in limpid, shimmering prose." -- Booklist (US)“Thoughtfully engaging, Shields has made Unless a true masterwork flowing with emotion, intelligence and the grace of the human condition that is able to bear personal tragedy and eventual triumph.” -- The Outreach Connection“Carol Shields’ writing is lovely to read. I just someone would sit still and let me read it to them. It sounds so right. Her characters are us, with all our small vanities and strong opinions.” -- Red Deer Advocate“Shields knows exactly what she's doing, dropping tidbits of information at just the right moment, letting some humour peak through the pain…. Shields’s intelligence is awesome, and it comes across in effortless prose, the kind that makes you stop to read a phrase aloud and marvel at the author’s wondrous skill.” -- NOWPraise for Carol Shields“Her particular kind of humanity just dazzles me. It’s the foundation of her commitment to writing as a form of redemption, redeeming the lives of lost or vanished women.” -- Eleanor Wachtel for The Globe and MailPraise for Dressing up for the Carnival“Not reading Shields is as much of a literary omission as overlooking Jane Austen.” -- National PostPraise for Larry’s Party“Shields has taken her place alongside such Canadian writers as Alice Munro and Margaret Atwood.” -- The Globe and MailPraise for The Stone Diaries“The Stone Diaries reminds us again why literature matters.” -- The New York Times Book Review“An impeccable performance … one which will fill her readers with amazed gratitude.” -- Anita Brookner