Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Hardcover | December 9, 2013

byGeorg Northoff

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Neuroscience has made considerable progress in figuring out how the brain works. We know much about the molecular-genetic and biochemical underpinnings of sensory and motor functions, and recent neuroimaging work has opened the door to investigating the neural underpinnings of higher-ordercognitive functions, such as memory, attention, and even free will. In these types of investigations, researchers apply specific stimuli to induce neural activity in the brain and look for the function in question. However, there may be more to the brain and its neuronal states than the changes inactivity we induce by applying particular external stimuli. In Volume 1 of Unlocking the Brain, Georg Northoff presents his argument for how the brain must code the relationship between its resting state activity and stimulus-induced activity in order to enable and predispose mental states and consciousness. By presupposing such a basic sense of neural code,the author ventures into different territories and fields of current neuroscience, including a comprehensive exploration of the features of resting state activity as distinguishable from and stimulus-induced activity; sparse coding and predictive coding; and spatial and temporal features of theresting state itself. This yields a unique and novel picture of the brain, and will have a major and lasting impact on neuroscientists working in neuroscience, psychiatry, and related fields.

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Neuroscience has made considerable progress in figuring out how the brain works. We know much about the molecular-genetic and biochemical underpinnings of sensory and motor functions, and recent neuroimaging work has opened the door to investigating the neural underpinnings of higher-ordercognitive functions, such as memory, attention,...

Georg Northoff, Ph.D., is Director of Research Unit for Mind, Brain Imaging and Neuroethics, Canada Research Chair, and EJLB-Michael Smith Chair for Neuroscience and Mental Health at the Institute of Mental Health Research at the University of Ottawa.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:December 9, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199826986

ISBN - 13:9780199826988

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Table of Contents

List of FiguresPrefaceIntroduction to Volume IPart I: Coding Extrinsic Stimuli: From the Environment to the Brain1. Sparse Coding and Natural Statistics2. Sparse Coding and Neural Inhibition3. Sparse Coding on a Regional LevelPart II: Coding Intrinsic Activity: From the Brain to the Brain4. Spatial Structure of Intrinsic Activity5. Temporal Structure of Intrinsic Activity6. Sparse Coding of Intrinsic ActivityPart III: Coding Intrinsic Predictions: From the Brain to Anticipation7. Predictive Coding and Difference-Based Coding8. Predictive Coding and Social and Vegetative Statistics9. Predictive Coding and the Brain's Intrinsic ActivityPart IV: Coding Extrinsic Activity: From the Brain to the Environment10. Stimulus-Stimulus Interaction and Neural Coding11. Rest-Stimulus Interaction and Difference-Based Coding12. Rest-Stimulus Interaction and GABAEpilogue: A Quick Guide to the BrainAppendix: Theoretical ReflectionsAppendix I: Neuro-Empirical Remark: Resting State Activity versus Stimulus-Induced Activity and the Continuity HypothesisAppendix II: Neuro-Theoretical Remark: Localizationism versus HolismAppendix III: Neuro-Conceptual Remar: Concept of "Difference"Appendix IV: Neuro-Epistemological Remark: Brain versus ObserverReferencesIndex