Unlocking the Brain

Hardcover | December 19, 2013

byGeorg Northoff

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Neuroscience has made considerable progress in figuring out how the brain works. We know much about the molecular-genetic and biochemical underpinnings of sensory and motor functions, and recent neuroimaging work has opened the door to investigating the neural underpinnings of higher-ordercognitive functions, such as memory, attention, and even free will. In these types of investigations, researchers apply specific stimuli to induce neural activity in the brain and look for the function in question. However, there may be more to the brain and its neuronal states than the changes inactivity we induce by applying particular external stimuli. In Volume 1 of Unlocking the Brain, Coding, Georg Northoff presents his argument for how the brain must code the relationship between its resting state activity and stimulus-induced activity in order to enable and predispose mental states and consciousness. In Volume 2, Consciousness, Georg Northoffaddresses consciousness by hypothesizing about the relationship between particular neuronal mechanisms and the various phenomenal features of consciousness.

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Neuroscience has made considerable progress in figuring out how the brain works. We know much about the molecular-genetic and biochemical underpinnings of sensory and motor functions, and recent neuroimaging work has opened the door to investigating the neural underpinnings of higher-ordercognitive functions, such as memory, attention,...

Georg Northoff, Ph.D., is Director of Research Unit for Mind, Brain imaging and Neuroethics, Canada Research Chair, and EJLB-Michael Smith Chair for Neuroscience and Mental Health at the Institute of Mental Health Research, University of Ottawa.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:1136 pages, 10 × 7 × 0.98 inPublished:December 19, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199981469

ISBN - 13:9780199981465

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Table of Contents

VOLUME 1: CODINGList of FiguresPrefaceIntroduction to Volume IPart I: Coding Extrinsic Stimuli: From the Environment to the Brain1. Sparse Coding and Natural Statistics2. Sparse Coding and Neural Inhibition3. Sparse Coding on a Regional LevelPart II: Coding Intrinsic Activity: From the Brain to the Brain4. Spatial Structure of Intrinsic Activity5. Temporal Structure of Intrinsic Activity6. Sparse Coding of Intrinsic ActivityPart III: Coding Intrinsic Predictions: From the Brain to Anticipation7. Predictive Coding and Difference-Based Coding8. Predictive Coding and Social and Vegetative Statistics9. Predictive Coding and the Brain's Intrinsic ActivityPart IV: Coding Extrinsic Activity: From the Brain to the Environment10. Stimulus-Stimulus Interaction and Neural Coding11. Rest-Stimulus Interaction and Difference-Based Coding12. Rest-Stimulus Interaction and GABAEpilogue: A Quick Guide to the BrainAppendix: Theoretical ReflectionsAppendix I: Neuro-Empirical Remark: Resting State Activity versus Stimulus-Induced Activity and the Continuity HypothesisAppendix II: Neuro-Theoretical Remark: Localizationism versus HolismAppendix III: Neuro-Conceptual Remar: Concept of "Difference"Appendix IV: Neuro-Epistemological Remark: Brain versus ObserverReferencesIndexVOLUME 2: CONSCIOUSNESSList of FiguresPrefaceIntroduction to Volume IIPart V Spatiotemporal Continuity and Consciousness13. Midline regions and 'Stream of Consciousness'14. Slow cortical potentials and 'width of presence'15. Temporal nestedness and 'duration bloc'16. Functional Connectivity and 'Inner space consciousness'17. Glutamate, GABA, and 'Inner time and space consciousness'Part VI Spatiotemporal Unity and Consciousness18. Resting state and Pre-Phenomenal Unity19. Gamma and Phenomenal Unity20. Natural statistics and 'environment-brain unity'21. Unity and Subjectivity22. Unity and subjectivity in schizophreniaPart VII Spatiotemporal Organisation and Consciousness23. Resting state and Self-specificity24. Self-Specificity and Self-perspectival organisation25. Resting state and pre-intentional organisation26. Neuro-Phenomenal Evidence - Dreams and Mind wandering27. Neuro-Psychiatric Evidence - Schizophrenia and DepressionPart VIII Spatiotemporal Quality and Consciousness28. Resting state and Qualia29. Rest-Stimulus interaction and Qualia30. Neuronal transfer and Qualia31. Affect and Qualia32. Body and QualiaEpilogue: Keyholes in the brain's door to consciousnessAppendix: Related IssuesAppendix to Introduction/Appendix 1: Brain and ConsciousnessAppendix to Part I/Appendix 2: Brain and TimeAppendix to Part II/Appendix 3: Brain and UnityAppendix to Part III/Appendix 4: Brain and SelfReferencesIndex