Upper Canada: The Formative Years, 1784-1841 by Gerald M. Craig

Upper Canada: The Formative Years, 1784-1841

byGerald M. Craig

Paperback | September 6, 2013

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Gerald M. Craig's history, first published fifty years ago, is still considered one of the best depictions of Upper Canada ever written. Beginning in the early 1770s, Craig evocatively recounts the region's development from a "few scattered pioneer settlements" to an advanced society in theearly 1840s. In these years, Ontario as we know it was forged, from education, transportation, and government to relations with the newly independent United States of America. Ontario's formative years were marked by growth and change, as well as political upheaval. In the late 1770s, the fertile land of what would become Upper Canada was sparsely settled. As some forty thousand British Loyalists left revolutionary America and moved north and west, many came to thisregion, bringing with them a wide range of expectations, knowledge, and skills - not to mention a new range of problems. Land was purchased from the Mississaugas and other First Nations groups and allocated to the Loyalists to build homes and farms, paving the way for future land conflict. As Craig recounts, British officials began to organize a government that could accommodate the newcomers, as well as French- and English-speakers. This entailed, among other things, addressing the overall constitutional issue of Canada. A legislative council, legislative assembly, and governor wereinstalled, modelled on the British parliamentary system - a structure that would undergo significant change over the next sixty years. In vivid detail Craig retells the landmark events of the time, including the abolishment of slavery, establishment of a bilingual nation, the Family Compact, the Warof 1812, and the Rebellions of 1837. At the end of his history is the formation of the Province of Canada in 1841 - the country's final incarnation before Confederation. This wide-ranging account, illustrated with four maps and figures, addresses the growth and conflict, both internal and external, seen in the sixty years following the influx of the Loyalists and explores the politics and society during this period of remarkably rapid change. The Wynford edition isupdated for the modern reader with a new introduction by historian Jeffrey L. McNairn.

About The Author

Gerald M. Craig (1916-1988) was a professor of history at the University of Toronto. He studied at the University of Toronto and the University of Minnesota, where he earned his Ph.D. after serving in the Second World War. He is the author of The United States and Canada (1968) and Discontent in Upper Canada (1974), and the editor of ...
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Details & Specs

Title:Upper Canada: The Formative Years, 1784-1841Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.88 inPublished:September 6, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019900904X

ISBN - 13:9780199009046

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Table of Contents

Introduction to the Wynford EditionPreface: Upper Canada: The Formative Years1. Loyalists Make a New Province2. The Simcoe Years3. A Frontier Province, 1796-18124. Invasion Repulsed, 1812-18155. A Briton Banished and a Union Averted6. The Family Compact and the Alien Question7. Settlement and Land Policy in the 1820's8. Economic Growth in the 1820's and 1830's9. Religion and Education in the 1820's and 1830's10. The Rise of the Reform Movement11. Mackenzie and the Grievances of Upper Canada12. Conservatives and Rebels, 1836-3713. An End and a Beginning, 1838-1841AbbreviationsNotesBibliographyIndexMaps:The Crown and Clergy ReservesUpper Canada about 1800Upper Canada during the War of 1812Upper Canada about 1841

Editorial Reviews

"Craig has skilfully picked out the threads of continuity to weave a coherent narrative. . . . This is a very readable and persuasive book with carefully articulated and logically developed themes. . . . It is an excellent volume, a significant contribution." --Donald F. Warner, Journal of Modern History