Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Paperback | December 17, 2011

EditorJari Niemela, Jurgen H. Breuste, Glenn Guntenspergen

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Urbanization is a global phenomenon that is increasingly challenging human society. It is therefore crucially important to ensure that the relentless expansion of cities and towns proceeds sustainably. Urban ecology, the interdisciplinary study of ecological patterns and processes in towns andcities, is a rapidly developing field that can provide a scientific basis for the informed decision-making and planning needed to create both viable and sustainable cities. Urban Ecology brings together an international team of leading scientists to discuss our current understanding of all aspects of urban environments, from the biology of the organisms that inhabit them to the diversity of ecosystem services and human social issues encountered within urban landscapes.The book is divided into five sections with the first describing the physical urban environment. Subsequent sections examine ecological patterns and processes within the urban setting, followed by the integration of ecology with social issues. The book concludes with a discussion of the applicationsof urban ecology to land-use planning. The emphasis throughout is on what we actually know (as well as what we should know) about the complexities of social-ecological systems in urban areas, in order to develop urban ecology as a rigorous scientific discipline.

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Urbanization is a global phenomenon that is increasingly challenging human society. It is therefore crucially important to ensure that the relentless expansion of cities and towns proceeds sustainably. Urban ecology, the interdisciplinary study of ecological patterns and processes in towns andcities, is a rapidly developing field that ...

The Editor-in-Chief, Jari Niemela, is professor of urban ecology at the University of Helsinki, Finland. His research interests include urban ecology, biodiversity, interactions between ecological and social systems, and the application of ecological knowledge in decision-making. The section editors Jurgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, ...

other books by Jari Niemela

Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications
Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Kobo ebook|Nov 17 2011

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:392 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.68 inPublished:December 17, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199643954

ISBN - 13:9780199643950

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Table of Contents

Jari Niemela, Jurgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy McIntyre: IntroductionMark J. McDonnell: The History of Urban Ecology - An Ecologist's PerspectiveSection 1 - Ecology in Cities: Man-Made Physical ConditionsJurgen H. Breuste: Introduction to Section 1Stephan Pauleit and Jurgen H. Breuste: 1.1 Land-Use and Surface-Cover as Urban Ecological IndicatorsEberhard Parlow: 1.2 Urban ClimateMartin Sauerwein: 1.3 Urban Soils - Characterization, Pollution, and Relevance in Urban EcosystemsMarc Illgen: 1.4 Hydrology of Urban EnvironmentsJurgen H. Breuste: Summary of Section 1Section 2 - Ecology in Cities: Patterns of Urban BiodiversityGlenn R. Guntenspergen: Introduction to Section 2Andrew H. Baldwin: 2.1 Plant Communities of Urban Wetlands: Patterns and Controlling ProcessesMartin F. Quigley: 2.2 Potemkin Gardens: Biodiversity in Small Designed LandscapesJeremy Lundholm: 2.3 Vegetation of Urban Hard SurfacesChristopher P. Dunn and Liam Heneghan: 2.4 Composition and Diversity of Urban VegetationClark E. Adams and Kieran J. Lindsey: 2.5 Anthropogenic Ecosystems: The Influence of People on Urban Wildlife PopulationsGlenn R. Guntenspergen: Summary of Section 2Section 3 - Ecology in Cities: Processes Affecting Urban BiodiversityNancy E. MacIntyre: Introduction to Section 3Barbara Clucas and John M. Marzluff: 3.1 Coupled Relationships between Humans and other Organisms in Urban AreasSarel S. Cilliers and Stefan J. Siebert: 3.2 Urban Flora and Vegetation: Patterns and ProcessesJohan Kotze, Stephen Venn, Jari Niemela, and John Spence: 3.3 Effects of Urbanisation on the Ecology and Evolution of ArthropodsBruce W. Grant, George Middendorf, Michael J. Colgan, Haseeb Ahmad, and Michael B. Vogel: 3.4 Ecology of Urban Amphibians and Reptiles: Urbanophiles, Urbanophobes, and the UrbanobliviousChristopher M. Swan, Steward T. A. Pickett, Katalin Szlavecz, Paige Warren, and K. Tara Willey: 3.5 Biodiversity and Community Composition in Urban Ecosystems: Coupled Human, Spatial, and Metacommunity ProcessesNancy E. MacIntyre: Summary of Section 3Section 4 - Ecosystems, Ecosystem Services, and Social Systems in Urban LandscapesThomas Elmqvist: Introduction to Section 4Robert McDonald and Peter Marcotullio: 4.1 Global Effects of Urbanization on Ecosystem ServicesCharles L. Redman: 4.2 Social-Ecological Transformations in Urban Landscapes - A Historical PerspectiveChristine Alfsen, Ashley Duval, and Thomas Elmqvist: 4.3 The Urban Landscape as a Social - Ecological System for Governance of Ecosystem ServicesPeter Bridgewater: 4.4 Water Services in Urban LandscapesJohan Colding: 4.5 The Role of Ecosystem Services in Contemporary Urban PlanningThomas Elmqvist: Summary of Section 4Section 5 - Urban Design, Planning, and Management: Lessons from EcologyPhilip James: Introduction to Section 5Ian Douglas and Joe Ravetz: 5.1 Urban Ecology - the Bigger PictureKonstantinos Tzoulas and Kim Greening: 5.2 Urban Ecology and Human HealthStephan Pauleit, Li Liu, Jack Ahern, and Aleksandra Kazmierczak: 5.3 Multifunctional Green Infrastructure Planning to Promote Ecological Services in the CityJon Sadler, Adam Bates, Rossa Donovan, and Stefan Bodnar: 5.4 Building for Biodiversity: Accommodating People and Wildlife in CitiesWayne C. Zipperer, Wayde F. Morse, and Cassandra Johnson Gaither: 5.5 Linking Social and Ecological SystemsJohn Box: 5.6 Building Urban Biodiversity through Financial Incentives, Regulation, and TargetsPhilip James: Summary of Section 5Jari Niemela, Jurgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy McIntyre: Concluding Remarks: The Way Forward for Urban EcologyReferencesIndex