Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry by Glenn D. ConsidineVan Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry by Glenn D. Considine

Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry

EditorGlenn D. Considine

Hardcover | February 3, 2005

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Scientists, engineers, and technologists in many fields need a knowledge of chemistry because of the importance of chemistry in diverse technologies. In addition, to "classical" topics of chemistry, the new Encyclopedia covers nanotechnology, fuel cell technology, green chemistry, forensic chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, combinatorial chemistry, materials chemistry, and proteomics.

This fifth print edition has been revised and updated, and includes over 200 new articles, as well as 1,300 updated articles.
"Glenn D. Considine,CIP, Inc., Westfield, Connecticut"
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Title:Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of ChemistryFormat:HardcoverDimensions:1856 pages, 11.3 × 8.9 × 2.12 inPublished:February 3, 2005Publisher:WileyLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0471615250

ISBN - 13:9780471615255

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[(gl)4.8(ass-rei)4.8(n)-0.3(forced)-406.4(pl)4.8(ast)4.8(i)4.8(c)-1.3(s,)-415.5(but)-415.1(t)4.8(h)-0.3(ese)-414.2(w)1.4(ere)-414.2(w)1.4(hol)4.8(l)4.8(y)-420.2(or)-415.1(part)4.8(i)4.8(a)-1.3(l)4.8(l)4.8(y)-427.1(decomposed)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(duri)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-330.8(r)4.6(eent)4.7(r)4.6(y.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4503 TD 0.0009 Tc [(ABLA)75.9(TION.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.5111 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(The)-304.6(r)4.2(emoval)-298.6(o)-0.8(f)-305.5(s)-1.7(urface)-297.7(mat)4.3(e)-1.8(ri)4.3(al)-305.4(from)-307.9(a)-311.5(body)-296.8(by)-310.6(vapori)4.3(za-)]TJ -6.5111 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(t)5.2(i)5.2(on,)-229.3(mel)5.2(t)5.2(i)5.2(ng,)-222.4(chi)5.2(ppi)5.2(ng,)-222.4(or)-222(ot)5.2(her)-222(e)-0.9(rosi)5.2(ve)-221.1(process;)-208.2(speci)5.2(cal)5.2(l)5.2(y)0.1(,)-215.5(t)5.2(he)-228(i)5.2(n)0.1(t)5.2(e)-0.9(nt)5.2(i)5.2(onal)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(r)5.4(e)-0.6(moval)-476.3(o)0.4(f)-490.1(m)3.1(at)5.5(er)5.4(i)5.5(a)-0.6(l)-483.2(f)5.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(m)-492.5(a)-482.4(nose)-482.4(c)-0.6(one)-482.4(or)-483.3(spacecr)5.4(af)5.4(t)-469.4(dur)5.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-488.3(h)0.4(i)5.5(gh-)5.4(speed)]TJ 32.1153 68.2502 TD 0.0015 Tc [(movement)-388.1(t)4.2(h)-0.9(rough)-400.1(a)-401.1(p)-0.9(l)4.2(a)-1.9(net)4.2(a)-1.9(ry)-393.3(at)4.2(mosphere)-394.2(t)4.2(o)-407(provi)4.2(de)-394.2(t)4.2(h)-0.9(ermal)-401.9(p)-0.9(rot)4.2(ect)4.2(i)4.2(o)-0.9(n)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0018 Tc [(t)4.5(o)-331(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-332(underl)4.5(yi)4.5(ng)-324.1(st)4.5(ruct)4.5(ure.)-326.4(See)-332(a)-1.6(l)4.5(s)-1.5(o)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 15.1351 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(Ablating)-332.6(Mate)-3.2(r)-3.2(i)2.9(al)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.7775 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -22.9126 -2.409 TD 0.001 Tc (ABRASION.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.5248 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(All)-616.3(m)0.8(etallic)-615.4(and)-607.6(nonmetallic)-608.6(surfaces,)-596.1(n)-1.9(o)-614.5(m)0.8(atter)-609.4(how)]TJ -6.5248 -1.1494 TD 0.0008 Tc [(smooth,)-416.8(consist)-416.4(o)-1.6(f)-423.3(m)1.1(inute)-429.3(s)-2.5(errati)]TJ 13.793 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(ons)-421.6(and)-420.7(r)4.2(idges)-421.6(t)4.3(hat)-422.4(i)4.3(nduce)-421.6(a)-421.6(c)-1.8(utting)-427.6(o)-0.8(r)]TJ -13.793 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(t)5.5(ear)5.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-453.9(act)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-447(w)2.1(hen)-447(t)5.5(wo)-453.9(sur)5.4(f)5.4(aces)-441(i)5.5(n)-453.9(cont)5.5(act)-441.9(move)-448(wi)5.5(t)5.5(h)-460.8(r)5.4(e)-0.6(spect)-441.9(t)5.5(o)-453.9(each)]TJ T* [(ot)5.5(her)5.4(.)-229(Thi)5.5(s)-227.6(wear)5.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-226.8(o)0.4(f)-235.5(t)5.5(he)-227.7(sur)5.4(f)5.4(aces)-220.8(i)5.5(s)-234.5(t)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(m)3(ed)-233.7(abr)5.4(a)-0.6(si)5.5(on.)-222.1(Undesi)5.5(r)5.4(a)-0.6(bl)5.5(e)-220.8(a)-0.6(br)5.4(asi)5.5(o)0.4(n)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(may)-405.8(o)0.3(ccur)-400.8(i)5.4(n)-412.7(b)0.3(ear)5.3(i)5.4(ngs)-399.8(and)-405.8(o)0.3(t)5.4(h)0.3(er)-400.8(machi)5.4(n)0.3(e)-399.9(e)-0.7(l)5.4(e)-0.7(ment)5.4(s,)-401.2(but)-407.6(abr)5.3(a)-0.7(si)5.4(on)-398.9(i)5.4(s)-413.6(al)5.4(so)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(adapt)5.4(e)-0.7(d)-295.7(t)5.4(o)-309.5(s)-0.6(ur)5.3(f)5.3(ace)-303.5(ni)5.4(s)-0.6(hi)5.4(ng)-302.6(and)-302.6(m)3(achi)5.4(n)0.3(i)5.4(ng,)-297.9(wher)5.3(e)-303.5(t)5.4(he)-310.4(mat)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(i)5.4(al)-311.2(i)5.4(s)-310.3(t)5.4(o)0.3(o)-309.5(h)0.3(ar)5.3(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(t)5.4(o)-330.1(be)-331.1(cut)-325(b)0.3(y)-330.1(o)0.3(t)5.4(h)0.3(er)-325(means,)-318.6(or)-325(wher)5.3(e)-324.2(p)0.3(r)5.3(eci)5.4(si)5.4(on)-323.2(i)5.4(s)-337.9(a)-331.1(p)0.3(r)5.3(i)5.4(mar)5.3(y)-330.1(r)5.3(e)-0.7(qui)5.4(si)5.4(t)5.4(e)-0.7(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD [(T)70(e)-0.7(mper)5.3(at)5.4(ur)5.3(e)-269.1(i)5.4(s)-282.8(a)-282.9(si)5.4(gni)5.4(cant)-263(f)5.3(act)5.4(or)5.3(:)-283.7(f)5.3(r)5.3(i)5.4(ct)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-288.8(m)2.9(ay)-275.1(r)5.3(a)-0.7(i)5.4(s)-0.6(e)-276(t)5.4(he)-282.9(t)5.4(e)-0.7(mper)5.3(at)5.4(ur)5.3(e)-276(o)0.3(f)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-475.7(s)-0.7(ur)5.2(f)5.2(ace)-461.9(l)5.3(a)-0.8(yer)5.2(s)-468.7(t)5.3(o)-474.8(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-475.7(poi)5.3(nt)-469.6(wher)5.2(e)-468.8(t)5.3(hey)-474.8(b)0.2(ecome)-461.9(subj)5.3(ect)-455.9(t)5.3(o)-481.6(chemi)5.3(cal)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(at)5.8(t)5.8(ack.)-545.3(A)2.4(br)5.7(asi)5.8(o)0.7(n)-550(causes)-537.1(d)0.7(et)5.8(er)5.7(i)5.8(o)0.7(r)5.7(a)-0.3(t)5.8(i)5.8(o)0.7(n)-550(o)0.7(f)-551.8(m)3.4(any)-550(m)3.4(at)5.8(er)5.7(i)5.8(a)-0.3(l)5.8(s)-0.2(,)-552.2(e)-0.3(speci)5.8(al)5.8(l)5.8(y)-543.1(of)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(rubber)-326.2(\()4.1(t)4.2(i)4.2(r)4.1(e)-339.1(t)4.2(reads\),)-326.7(w)0.8(here)-332.3(i)4.2(t)-333.1(can)-324.4(be)]TJ 14.9149 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(of)25.4(fset)-332.5(by)-323.8(a)-338.5(h)-0.3(i)4.8(g)-0.3(h)-323.8(p)-0.3(ercent)4.8(a)-1.3(ge)-317.9(of)-332.5(carbon)]TJ -14.9149 -1.1494 TD -0.0025 Tc [(b)-4.9(l)0.2(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(k)-4.9(.)-275.6(O)-3.2(th)-4.9(e)-5.9(r)-282.1(ma)-5.9(te)-5.9(ria)-5.9(l)0.2(s)-281.1(s)-5.8(u)-4.9(b)-4.9(j)0.2(e)-5.9(c)-5.9(t)0.2(e)-5.9(d)-273.4(to)-287.1(a)-5.9(b)-4.9(ra)-5.9(s)-5.8(i)0.2(o)-4.9(n)-273.4(in)-287.1(th)-4.9(e)-5.9(i)0.2(r)-282.1(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(r)0.1(v)-4.9(i)0.2(c)-5.9(e)-274.3(life)-295(a)-5.9(re)-281.2(te)-5.9(x)-4.9(tile)-5.9(s)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.001 Tc [(\(laundering\),)-437.3(l)3.7(eather)-430(a)-2.4(nd)-435.1(plastics)-442.8(\()3.6(s)]TJ 14.8529 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(hoe)-435.7(soles,)-430.1(belting\),)-443.9(a)-2.1(nd)-434.8(house)-428.8(p)-1.1(aints)]TJ -14.8529 -1.1494 TD [(and)-324.5(a)-2(ut)4.1(omobi)4.1(l)4.1(e)-325.5(l)4.1(acquers)-325.4(\(ai)4.1(r)4(borne)-332.4(dust)4.1(,)-326.8(gri)4.1(t)4.1(,)-333.6(et)4.1(c.\).)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 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[(pH)-426.2(val)3.9(u)-1.2(es)-422(range)-422(from)-432.2(1)-428(for)-429.8(f)3.8(erri)3.9(c)-435.8(s)-2.1(ul)3.9(fat)3.9(e)-428.9(mi)3.9(neral)3.9(s)-2.1(,)-423.3(s)-2.1(uch)-421.1(a)-2.2(s)-428.8(c)-2.2(oqui)3.9(mbi)3.9(t)3.9(e)-2.2(,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0014 Tc [(konelite,)-526.4(a)-2(nd)-524.1(rhomboclase,)-512.6(t)4.1(o)-537.9(1)-1(2)-524.1(f)4(or)]TJ 16.4153 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(calcium-sodium)-521.1(carbonates,)-512.3(such)]TJ -16.4153 -1.1494 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(s)-508.2(g)-4.8(a)-5.8(y)-4.8(l)0.3(u)-4.8(s)-5.7(s)-5.7(ite)-5.8(,)-502.6(p)-4.8(irs)-5.7(s)-5.7(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(ite)-5.8(,)-509.5(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-507.3(s)-5.7(h)-4.8(o)-4.8(r)0.2(tite)-5.8(.)-516.4(T)-4(h)-4.8(e)-508.2(re)-5.8(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(mme)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(d)-493.5(t)0.3(e)-5.8(c)-5.8(h)-4.8(n)-4.8(i)0.3(q)-4.8(u)-4.8(e)-508.2(fo)-4.8(r)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(det)5.3(e)-0.8(r)5.2(m)2.9(i)5.3(n)0.2(i)5.3(n)0.2(g)-502.3(a)-0.8(br)5.2(asi)5.3(o)0.2(n)-502.3(p)0.2(H)-507.4(i)5.3(s)-510(t)5.3(o)-509.2(g)0.2(r)5.2(i)5.3(nd,)-504.5(i)5.3(n)-516.1(a)-503.2(nonr)5.2(eact)5.3(i)5.3(v)0.2(e)-496.3(m)2.9(or)5.2(t)5.3(a)-0.8(r)5.2(,)-511.4(a)-510.1(s)-0.7(mal)5.3(l)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(amount)-470(of)-483.8(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-483(m)2.5(i)4.9(n)-0.2(eral)-483.8(i)4.9(n)-482(a)-483(f)4.8(ew)-487.2(drops)-476(of)-483.8(wat)4.9(e)-1.2(r)-477(f)4.8(or)-483.8(about)-476.9(one)-476.1(mi)4.9(nut)4.9(e.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Usual)5.2(l)5.2(y)0.1(,)-305(a)-317.5(pH)-307.9(t)5.2(e)-0.9(st)-311.4(paper)-304.6(i)5.2(s)-317.4(u)0.1(sed.)-305(V)111.9(a)-0.9(l)5.2(u)0.1(es)-303.7(obt)5.2(ai)5.2(ned)-309.7(i)5.2(n)-316.5(t)5.2(hi)5.2(s)-317.4(m)2.8(anner)-304.6(a)-0.9(re)-310.6(gi)5.2(ven)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc 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[(V)111.3(a)-1.5(l)4.6(u)-0.5(es)-324.9(obt)4.6(ai)4.6(ned)-317.1(i)4.6(n)-337.8(t)4.6(hi)4.6(s)-331.8(m)2.2(anner)-319(a)-1.5(re)-331.9(gi)4.6(ven)-324(i)4.6(n)-337.8(t)4.6(he)-331.9(ri)4.6(ght)4.6(-hand)-330.9(c)-1.5(ol)4.6(umn.)]TJ 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 315.375 Tm 0.0005 Tc [(T)84.5(A)-0.2(BLE)-337.1(1)3.6(.)-502.3(A)-0.2(BRASION)-926.2(p)3.6(H)-948.7(V)127.8(A)-0.2(LUES)-934.1(OF)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD 0.0001 Tc [(REPRESENT)84.1(A)112.3(TIVE)-337.4(MINERALS)]TJ ET q 151.2 0 0 -1.02 365.154 301.521 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 272.175 Tm -0.0008 Tc (Mineral)Tj 8.0551 2.2509 TD -0.0031 Tc [(pH)-342.6(by)]TJ -1.8293 -1.1217 TD -0.0005 Tc (Stevens-Carron)Tj 1.5508 -1.1292 TD -0.0016 Tc (Method)Tj 7.4002 2.2509 TD -0.0031 Tc [(pH)-342.6(by)]TJ -1.1518 -1.1217 TD 0.0004 Tc [(Keller)-336.6(e)0.2(t)-331.4(a)0.2(l.)]TJ 0.8733 -1.1292 TD -0.0016 Tc (Method)Tj ET q 151.2 0 0 -0.54 365.154 266.6611 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 255.6151 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(C)-4.4(oquimbite)-4375.4(1)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0002 Tc [(Melanterite)-4479.6(2)]TJ T* -0.0013 Tc [(Alum)-6811.7(3)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0008 Tc [(Glauconite)-4706(5)-6057.8(5)2.3(.5)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 499.74 231.6151 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 219.7951 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(Kaolinite)-4284.9(5,)-338.4(6,)-330.9(7)-4981.7(5)1.9(.5)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 499.74 222.6751 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 210.7951 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(Anhydrite)-5045.3(6)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD 0.0005 Tc [(Barite)-6639.5(6)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0025 Tc [(Gyps)-5(um)-5706.2(6)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc [(Quartz)-5828.1(6,)-338.4(7)-5704.4(6)1.9(.5)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Mus)-4.1(c)-1.8(ovite)-4330.4(7,)-338.8(8)-5704.8(8)1.5(.0)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD 0.0002 Tc [(Calcite)-6248.3(8)-6245(8)3.3(.4)]TJ T* -0.0006 Tc [(Biotite)-5820(8,)-337.8(9)-5703.8(8)2.5(.5)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Microcline)-4164.3(8)2(,)-338.3(9)-4725.6(8.0)-336.7(9)2(.0)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 506.04 150.9151 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 139.0951 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(Labradorite)-10202.1(8.0)-336.9(9)1.8(.2)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 506.04 141.9751 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 130.0951 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(Albite)-5790.6(9,)-338.5(10)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0017 Tc [(Dolomite)-4518.7(9,)-338.9(10)-5464(8.5)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0021 Tc [(Hornblende)-4127.7(10)-6006.4(8.9)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc [(Leucite)-5835.5(10)]TJ T* -0.0022 Tc [(Diops)-4.7(ide)-4436.4(10,)-346.9(11)-5208.5(9.9)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0019 Tc [(Olivine)-5045.9(10,)-346.6(11)-5020(9.6)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 499.74 88.1551 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 365.16 76.3351 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(Magnes)-4.1(ite)-3878.7(10,)-346.3(11)]TJ ET q 151.2 0 0 -1.02 365.154 69.8611 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 365.16 61.9951 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 369.24 59.295 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(More)-336.1(recent)-349.5(v)0.9(alues)-334.9(published)-344.4(i)-4.3(n)-336.3(literature.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 298.56 47.295 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj ET endstream endobj 3 0 obj > /XObject > /ExtGState > >> endobj 4 0 obj > endobj 5 0 obj > endobj 6 0 obj > endobj 7 0 obj > >> stream P endstream endobj 8 0 obj > endobj 9 0 obj > endobj 10 0 obj > endobj 11 0 obj > stream BT /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 28.8 794.655 Tm 0 g /GS1 gs 0.0009 Tc 0 Tw [(2)-1941.5(A)0.2(BRASIVES)]TJ 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 124.02 771.135 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-326.5(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 28.8 757.455 Tm -0.0005 Tc [(Keller,)-333.3(W.D.,)-286.7(W)3.2(.D.)-341.1(B)-1.8(algord,)-294.5(and)-285.4(A)-1.2(.L)-3.4(.)-333.3(R)-1.8(eesman:)-289.8(Dissolved)-293.1(P)-4(r)-1.7(oducts)-287.6(of)-289.2(Arti)-4(cially)]TJ 1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0002 Tc [(Pulverized)-323.9(Silicate)-325.5(M)2.9(inerals)-333.9(a)0.9(nd)-331.7(Rocks,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 17.1118 0 TD [(Jrnl.)-294.2(S)2.5(ediment.)-301.9(Petr)39.1(ol)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.8279 0 TD -0.0013 Tc (.,)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.8237 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (33)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9947 0 TD -0.0014 Tc [(\(1\),)-342(191)-92()-92(204)]TJ -27.7581 -1.1579 TD 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[(segment)4.6(s)-1.4(,)-374.4(o)-0.5(r)-387.8(s)-1.4(t)4.6(i)4.6(c)-1.5(k)-392.9(s)-1.4(hapes\);)-374(a)-1.5(nd)-386(coat)4.6(ed)-379.1(mat)4.6(e)-1.5(ri)4.6(al)4.6(s)-393.7(\()4.5(part)4.6(i)4.6(c)-1.5(l)4.6(e)-1.5(s)-393.7(a)-1.5(re)-386.9(bonded)-379.1(t)4.6(o)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(r,)-324(p)-5.1(l)0(a)-6.1(s)-6(tic)-6.1(,)-337.7(c)-6.1(lo)-5.1(th)-5.1(,)-330.9(o)-5.1(r)-330.4(m)-2.4(e)-6.1(t)0(a)-6.1(l)0(\).)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.0855 TD 0.002 Tc [(Pr)19.3(operti)4.7(e)-1.4(s)-317.9(o)-0.4(f)-332.6(A)1.3(brasi)4.7(v)-0.4(e)-318(M)3.1(ateri)4.7(al)4.7(s)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.3421 TD 0.0024 Tc (Hardness)Tj /F2 1 Tf 3.9644 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(T)69.7(a)-1(bl)5.1(e)-324.5(1)-736.5(l)5.1(i)5.1(s)-0.9(t)5.1(s)-744.3(t)5.1(h)0(e)-737.4(v)0(ari)5.1(ous)-730.5(scal)5.1(es)-723.6(of)-731.4(hardness)-723.6(used)-729.6(for)]TJ -5.8366 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(abr)5.7(a)-0.3(si)5.8(ves.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD 0.0024 Tc [(T)90.3(o)0(ughness)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 4.4325 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(An)-392.8(abrasi)4.7(ves)-379.9(t)4.7(oughness)-379.9(i)4.7(s)-393.6(oft)4.7(e)-1.4(n)-392.8(m)2.3(easured)-379(and)-385.9(e)-1.4(xpressed)]TJ -6.3046 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(s)-253.5(th)-4.8(e)-260.4(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(g)-4.8(re)-5.8(e)-246.7(o)-4.8(f)-254.4(fria)-5.8(b)-4.8(ility)-4.8(,)-268.6(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-260.4(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(ility)-259.5(o)-4.8(f)-254.4(a)-5.8(n)-252.6(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(ra)-5.8(s)-5.7(i)0.3(v)-4.8(e)-253.6(g)-4.8(r)0.2(it)-254.4(to)-266.4(with)-4.8(s)-5.7(t)0.3(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-252.6(i)0.3(mp)-4.8(a)-5.8(c)-5.8(t)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0011 Tc [(without)-326.6(cracking,)-320.2(spalling,)-327.1(or)-333.5(shattering.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Re)-4.5(fr)-4.4(a)-3.5(c)-4.5(to)-3.5(r)-4.4(i)1.6(ne)-4.5(s)-4.4(s)-300.4(\(Me)-4.5(lting)-320.1(T)86.8(e)-4.5(m)-0.8(p)-3.5(e)-4.5(r)-4.4(a)-3.5(tur)-4.4(e)-4.5(\))]TJ /F2 1 Tf 15.7821 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(Inst)4.5(ant)4.5(a)-1.6(neous)-297.5(gri)4.5(ndi)4.5(ng)-310.4(t)4.5(e)-1.6(mper-)]TJ -17.6542 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(at)5.5(ur)5.4(es)-413.5(may)-412.6(e)-0.6(xceed)-398.8(3500)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 117.3 551.955 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 120.78 547.9351 Tm 0.003 Tc [(C)-417.5(a)-0.4(t)-407.3(t)5.7(he)-420.2(i)5.7(n)0.6(t)5.7(e)-0.4(r)5.6(f)5.6(ace)-413.3(bet)5.7(w)2.3(een)-405.5(an)-412.4(abr)5.6(a)-0.4(si)5.7(ve)-406.5(and)-412.4(t)5.7(he)]TJ -10.5514 -1.1426 TD 0.0011 Tc [(workpiece)-298.2(being)-297.3(g)-1.3(round.)-299.5(Hence)-291.4(m)1.4(eltin)]TJ 15.8027 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(g)-311.6(t)3.3(emperature)-305.6(is)-305.6(an)-304.7(important)-299.6(prop-)]TJ -15.8027 -1.1357 TD 0.0034 Tc [(er)6(t)6.1(y)1(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD -0.0015 Tc [(Che)-4.9(m)-1.2(ic)-4.9(a)-3.9(l)-274.1(Re)-4.9(a)-3.9(c)-4.9(tiv)-4.9(ity)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.2868 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Any)-275.2(c)-0.8(hemi)5.3(cal)-263.1(i)5.3(n)0.2(t)5.3(e)-0.8(r)5.2(act)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-275.2(b)0.2(et)5.3(ween)-261.4(abr)5.2(a)-0.8(si)5.3(ve)-269.2(gr)5.2(ai)5.3(ns)]TJ -10.1727 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(and)-323(t)5.6(he)-330.9(mat)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(al)-331.7(bei)5.6(n)0.5(g)-323(a)-0.5(br)5.5(aded)-316.1(af)26.2(f)5.5(ect)5.6(s)-330.8(t)5.6(he)-330.9(abr)5.5(a)-0.5(si)5.6(on)-323(pr)5.5(ocess.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD -0.0014 Tc [(The)-4.8(r)-4.7(ma)-3.8(l)-377.3(C)-2(o)-3.8(n)-2.9(d)-3.8(u)-2.9(c)-4.8(tiv)-4.8(ity)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 9.1747 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(Abr)5.4(a)-0.6(si)5.5(ve)-379.1(mat)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(i)5.5(al)5.5(s)-392.8(m)3.1(ay)-378.2(t)5.5(r)5.4(ansf)5.4(er)-386.9(heat)-379.9(f)5.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(m)-389.3(t)5.5(he)]TJ -11.0606 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc [(cutting)-387.3(tip)-394.2(of)-382.2(the)-388.2(g)-1.8(rain)-387.3(to)-387.3(the)-388.2(bond)-380.4(posts,)-375.7(r)3.2(etaining)-387.3(the)-388.2(h)-1.8(eat)-375.3(in)-394.2(a)-381.3(bonded)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0019 Tc [(wh)-4.3(e)-5.3(e)-5.3(l)-322.7(o)-4.3(r)-336.5(c)-5.3(o)-4.3(a)-5.3(t)0.8(e)-5.3(d)-320.9(b)-4.3(e)-5.3(lt.)-336.9(Th)-4.3(e)-328.8(c)-5.3(o)-4.3(o)-4.3(l)0.8(e)-5.3(r)-329.6(th)-4.3(e)-335.7(c)-5.3(u)-4.3(ttin)-4.3(g)-334.7(p)-4.3(o)-4.3(i)0.8(n)-4.3(t)0.8(,)-330.1(t)0.8(h)-4.3(e)-335.7(h)-4.3(a)-5.3(rd)-4.3(e)-5.3(r)-329.6(it)-336.5(is)-5.2(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD 0.0019 Tc (Fracture)Tj /F2 1 Tf 3.6823 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7365 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(Fr)5.4(act)5.5(ur)5.4(e)-227.7(c)-0.6(har)5.4(act)5.5(er)5.4(i)5.5(s)-0.5(t)5.5(i)5.5(c)-0.6(s)-220.8(o)0.4(f)-235.5(a)-0.6(br)5.4(asi)5.5(v)0.4(e)-220.8(m)3.1(at)5.5(er)5.4(i)5.5(a)-0.6(l)5.5(s)-234.5(ar)5.4(e)-234.6(i)5.5(mpor)5.4(t)5.5(a)-0.6(nt)5.5(,)-229(a)-0.6(s)]TJ -5.5613 -1.1357 TD -0.0023 Tc [(we)-5.7(ll)-323.1(a)-5.7(s)-322.2(th)-4.7(e)-322.3(r)0.3(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(u)-4.7(ltin)-4.7(g)-321.3(g)-4.7(ra)-5.7(in)-321.3(s)-5.6(h)-4.7(a)-5.7(p)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(.)-302.9(E)-3.9(q)-4.7(u)-4.7(i)0.4(a)-5.7(x)-4.7(e)-5.7(d)-314.5(g)-4.7(r)0.3(a)-5.7(i)0.4(n)-4.7(s)-322.2(a)-5.7(r)0.3(e)-322.3(g)-4.7(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(e)-5.7(r)0.3(a)-5.7(lly)-314.5(p)-4.7(r)0.3(e)-5.7(f)0.3(e)-5.7(rre)-5.7(d)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0014 Tc [(for)-388.3(bonded)-372.7(a)-2(brasi)4.1(v)-1(e)-373.6(p)-1(roduct)4.1(s)-380.5(and)-379.6(s)-1.9(harp,)-381.8(aci)4.1(cul)4.1(a)-2(r)-374.5(g)-1(rai)4.1(n)-1(s)-380.5(a)-2(re)-387.4(preferred)-386.5(f)4(or)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(coat)5.5(ed)-398.8(ones.)-394.2(How)-404(t)5.5(he)-406.7(gr)5.4(ai)5.5(ns)-406.6(f)5.4(r)5.4(act)5.5(ur)5.4(e)-406.7(i)]TJ 16.1469 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(n)-406.7(t)4.5(he)-407.7(gri)4.5(ndi)4.5(ng)-406.7(process)-400.7(d)-0.6(et)4.5(ermi)4.5(nes)]TJ -16.1469 -1.1426 TD 0.003 Tc [(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-282.6(w)2.3(ear)-269.7(r)5.6(e)-0.4(si)5.7(st)5.7(ance)-268.8(and)-274.8(s)-0.3(el)5.7(f)5.6(-)5.6(s)-0.3(har)5.6(p)0.6(eni)5.7(n)0.6(g)-261(c)-0.4(har)5.6(act)5.7(er)5.6(i)5.7(s)-0.3(t)5.7(i)5.7(c)-0.4(s)-268.7(o)0.6(f)-276.6(t)5.7(he)-282.6(wheel)-269.6(or)-276.6(bel)5.7(t)5.7(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD -0.0009 Tc [(Mic)-4.3(r)-4.2(o)-3.3(s)-4.2(tr)-4.2(uc)-4.3(tur)-4.2(e)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 6.2426 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Cryst)4.7(a)-1.4(l)-229.3(s)-1.3(i)4.7(ze,)-229.8(porosi)4.7(t)4.7(y)-0.4(,)-229.8(a)-1.4(nd)-227.6(i)4.7(m)2.3(puri)4.7(t)4.7(y)-241.3(phases)-221.6(p)-0.4(l)4.7(a)-1.4(y)-227.6(a)-235.4(maj)4.7(o)-0.4(r)]TJ -8.1148 -1.1357 TD 0.0013 Tc [(rol)4(e)-249.9(i)4(n)-248.9(xi)4(n)-1.1(g)-235.2(t)4(he)-249.9(fract)4(ure)-243(c)-2.1(haract)4(eri)4(s)]TJ 14.5707 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(t)5.1(i)5.1(c)-1(s)-234.9(a)-1(nd)-240.9(t)5.1(oughness)-228.1(of)-235.9(an)-240.9(abrasi)5.1(ve)-235(grai)5.1(n.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf -14.5707 -2.0855 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Nat)5.2(u)1.1(ral)-325.1(A)1.9(brasi)5.3(v)0.2(es)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.349 TD -0.0021 Tc [(Na)-5.5(tu)-4.5(ra)-5.5(lly)-486.3(o)-4.5(c)-5.5(c)-5.5(u)-4.5(rrin)-4.5(g)-486.3(a)-5.5(b)-4.5(ra)-5.5(s)-5.4(i)0.6(v)-4.5(e)-5.5(s)-473.4(a)-5.5(re)-487.3(s)-5.4(till)-495(a)-5.5(n)-479.5(imp)-4.5(o)-4.5(r)0.5(ta)-5.5(n)-4.5(t)-488.1(ite)-5.5(m)-490.5(o)-4.5(f)-488.2(c)-5.5(o)-4.5(mme)-5.5(rc)-5.5(e)-5.5(,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(al)5(t)5(hough)-488.8(synt)5(het)5(i)5(c)-489.8(abrasi)5(ves)-482.8(now)-494(l)5(l)-497.5(m)2.6(any)-488.8(o)-0.1(f)-490.6(t)5(hei)5(r)-497.5(former)-497.5(uses.)-484.2(T)0.7(hey)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0014 Tc [(include)-587(diamonds,)-574.5(c)-2(orundum,)-581.4(e)-2(mery,)-581.4(g)-1(ar)]TJ 17.785 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(net,)-589.1(silica,)-589.1(sandstone,)-575.3(t)3.3(ripoli,)]TJ -17.785 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(pumi)5(ce,)-319(and)-330.5(pumi)5(c)-1.1(i)5(t)5(e)-1.1(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.0855 TD 0.0014 Tc [(Manufactur)18.7(e)-2(d)-323.6(A)0.7(brasives)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.349 TD -0.0024 Tc [(Ma)-5.8(n)-4.8(u)-4.8(f)0.2(a)-5.8(c)-5.8(t)0.3(u)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(d)-486.6(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(ra)-5.8(s)-5.7(i)0.3(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-480.6(i)0.3(n)-4.8(c)-5.8(lu)-4.8(d)-4.8(e)-494.5(s)-5.7(ilic)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-493.5(c)-5.8(a)-5.8(r)0.2(b)-4.8(i)0.3(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(,)-482(f)0.2(u)-4.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(d)-493.5(a)-5.8(l)0.3(u)-4.8(m)-2.1(in)-4.8(u)-4.8(m)-490.8(o)-4.8(x)-4.8(i)0.3(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(si)5.2(nt)5.2(ered)-406(al)5.2(umi)5.2(num)-410.2(oxi)5.2(de,)-408.2(s)-0.8(ol)-84.3()-89.4(g)0.1(el)-400.9(si)5.2(nt)5.2(ered)-412.9(al)5.2(umi)5.2(num)-410.2(oxi)5.2(de,)-401.4(f)5.1(used)-406(zi)5.2(rco-)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(ni)5(a)-90.6()-89.6(al)5(umi)5(n)-0.1(a,)-291.4(synt)5(het)5(i)5(c)-290.2(di)5(amond,)-291.4(cubi)5(c)-290.2(boron)-296.1(ni)5(t)5(r)4.9(i)5(d)-0.1(e,)-305.2(boron)-296.1(carbi)5(de,)-284.6(s)-1(l)5(a)-1.1(gs,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(st)5.2(eel)-325.2(shot)5.2(,)-325.7(a)-0.9(nd)-323.4(gri)5.2(t)5.2(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.0855 TD 0.001 Tc [(Sizing,)-327.2(Shaping,)-327.2(a)-1.4(nd)-324(T)89.9(e)-2.4(sting)-331.8(o)-1.4(f)-326.7(A)0.3(brasive)-319(G)1.3(rains)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.349 TD 0.0004 Tc (Sizing)Tj /F2 1 Tf 2.5604 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7502 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(Manuf)5.5(act)5.6(ur)5.5(ed)-350.6(abr)5.5(a)-0.5(si)5.6(ves)-344.6(a)-0.5(r)5.5(e)-365.3(pr)5.5(oduced)-343.7(i)5.6(n)-364.3(a)-365.3(v)0.5(ar)5.5(i)5.6(e)-0.5(t)5.6(y)-364.3(of)-359.3(si)5.6(zes)-351.4(t)5.6(h)0.5(at)]TJ -4.4531 -1.1357 TD 0.0012 Tc [(range)-325.7(from)-335.8(a)-332.6(pea-si)3.9(zed)-317.9(gri)3.9(t)-333.4(of)-333.4(4)-331.6(\()3.8(5.2)-331.6(mm\))-333.4(t)3.9(o)-331.6(submi)3.9(c)-2.2(romet)3.9(e)-2.2(r)-319.7(d)-1.2(i)3.9(a)-2.2(met)3.9(e)-2.2(rs.)]TJ 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 98.34 218.5351 Tm 0.0006 Tc [(T)84.6(A)-0.1(BLE)-336.9(1)3.7(.)-502.2(S)-0.5(CALES)-331.7(OF)-331.7(HARDNESS)]TJ ET q 264.48 0 0 -1.02 28.794 213.6811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 28.8 192.0151 Tm -0.0001 Tc (Material)Tj 9.2747 1.1217 TD -0.0025 Tc [(Mohs)-5()]TJ 0.3087 -1.1217 TD 0.0009 Tc (scale)Tj 3.8017 1.1217 TD -0.0014 Tc [(R)-4.4(i)-1.9(dgeways)]TJ 1.3927 -1.1217 TD 0.0009 Tc (scale)Tj 4.8858 1.1217 TD -0.0014 Tc [(W)84.4(oodells)]TJ 1.0464 -1.1217 TD 0.0009 Tc (scale)Tj 4.5395 1.2873 TD -0.002 Tc [(Knoop)-345.2(hardnes)-4.5(s)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 282.24 205.2151 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 285.24 202.2751 Tm (,)Tj -4.8858 -1.2873 TD -0.0004 Tc (kN/m)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 264.42 194.8951 Tm 0.0916 Tc (2b)Tj ET q 264.48 0 0 -0.54 28.794 186.4411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 28.8 175.4551 Tm 0.0004 Tc [(talc)-9138.9(1)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD [(calcite)-7972.1(3)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0001 Tc [(apatite)-7919.9(5)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0007 Tc [(vitreous)-341.9(silica)-10111.1(7)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0014 Tc [(topaz)-8425.5(8)-4695.8(9)-12058.3(1)1.7(3)]TJ T* -0.0026 Tc [(corundum)-6549.5(9)-10252.8(9)-6503.8(20)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.001 Tc [(fused)-336.6(Z)0.2(rO)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 61.98 120.4351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 65.28 121.6351 Tm 0.0006 Tc (/Al)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 75.48 120.4351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 78.78 121.6351 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 84.54 120.4351 Tm (3)Tj 0.5808 0.7314 TD (c)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 254.64 121.6351 Tm -0.0031 Tc (16)Tj -28.3359 -1.1217 TD 0.0008 Tc [(SiC)-13771.2(1)3.9(3)-4558.1(1)3.9(4)-6507.9(2)3.9(4)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0017 Tc [(cubic)-340.6(boron)-344.9(nitride)-20568.7(4)1.4(6)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0025 Tc [(diamond)-6594(10)-4200.1(15)-4561.4(42)-6.9(.5)-5758.4(78)]TJ ET q 264.48 0 0 -1.02 28.794 88.2811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.56 80.4151 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 31.92 77.7151 Tm -0.002 Tc [(At)-334.3(a)-336.9(100-g)-345.2(l)-5.1(oad)-337.1(\()1.8(K-100\))-351.6(average.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.56 71.4151 Tm 0 Tc (b)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 31.8 68.7151 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(T)70.8(o)-337.3(convert)-350.5(kN/)-5.3(m)]TJ 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 84 71.4151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 89.58 68.7151 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(to)-332.5(k)4.7(g)4.7(f)6.4(/mm)]TJ 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 121.56 71.4151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 127.14 68.7151 Tm -0.002 Tc [(di)-5.1(vi)-5.1(de)-336.9(by)-337.1(0.00981.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.56 62.4751 Tm 0 Tc (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 31.5 59.7751 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(39%)-341.6(ZrO)]TJ 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 60.12 58.635 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 65.76 59.7751 Tm -0.002 Tc [(\(NZ)-338.5(A)-2.7(l)-5.1(undum\).)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.72 771.075 Tm 0.0012 Tc (Shaping)Tj /F2 1 Tf 3.4551 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD -0.0019 Tc [(De)-5.3(s)-5.2(i)0.8(re)-5.3(d)-499.9(s)-5.2(h)-4.3(a)-5.3(p)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-493.9(a)-5.3(re)-507.7(o)-4.3(b)-4.3(t)0.8(a)-5.3(i)0.8(n)-4.3(e)-5.3(d)-506.8(b)-4.3(y)-506.8(c)-5.3(o)-4.3(n)-4.3(t)0.8(ro)-4.3(llin)-4.3(g)-506.8(t)0.8(h)-4.3(e)-507.7(me)-5.3(th)-4.3(o)-4.3(d)-506.8(o)-4.3(f)]TJ -5.341 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(crushi)4.4(ng)-455(and)-461.9(b)-0.7(y)-461.9(i)4.4(mpact)4.4(i)4.4(n)-0.7(g)-461.9(o)-0.7(r)-463.7(m)2(ul)4.4(l)4.4(i)4.4(ng.)-471(In)-468.8(general)4.4(,)-457.2(cubi)4.4(cal)-449.9(part)4.4(i)4.4(c)-1.7(l)4.4(e)-1.7(s)-469.7(a)-1.7(re)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(pr)5.5(ef)5.5(er)5.5(r)5.5(e)-0.5(d)-336.8(f)5.5(or)-345.5(gr)5.5(i)5.6(ndi)5.6(ng)-343.7(wheel)5.6(s,)-332.1(wher)5.5(eas)-330.8(hi)5.6(gh)-343.7(aspect)5.6(-)5.5(r)5.5(a)-0.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(o)-336.8(aci)5.6(cul)5.6(a)-0.5(r)-331.7(p)0.5(ar)5.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(c)-0.5(l)5.6(e)-0.5(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(ar)5.6(e)-330.8(p)0.6(r)5.6(e)-0.4(f)5.6(e)-0.4(r)5.6(r)5.6(e)-0.4(d)-322.9(f)5.6(or)-331.6(coat)5.7(ed)-322.9(abr)5.6(a)-0.4(si)5.7(ve)-317(bel)5.7(t)5.7(s)-330.7(and)-322.9(d)0.6(i)5.7(s)-0.3(ks.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.3697 TD -0.0013 Tc [(T)86.6(e)-4.7(s)-4.6(ting)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.9733 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7365 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Chemi)5.1(cal)-504.2(anal)5.1(yses)-489.6(are)-510.3(done)-496.5(on)-509.4(al)5.1(l)-504.2(m)2.7(anufact)5.1(ured)-495.6(abrasi)5.1(ves,)]TJ -4.8523 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(as)-723.2(wel)5.5(l)-724.1(as)-723.2(physi)5.5(cal)-710.3(t)5.5(e)-0.6(st)5.5(s)-723.2(s)-0.5(uch)-715.5(a)-0.6(s)-723.2(s)-0.5(i)5.5(e)-0.6(ve)-723.3(anal)5.5(yses,)-703.9(s)-0.5(peci)5.5(c)-716.4(gravi)5.5(t)5.5(y)0.4(,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(m)2.7(pact)-449.2(st)5.1(rengt)5.1(h,)-449.6(and)-454.3(l)5.1(oose)-448.4(poured)-454.3(de)]TJ 15.7752 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(nsi)3.8(t)3.8(y)-448.7(\(a)-463.4(rough)-455.6(measure)-442.8(o)-1.3(f)-457.4(p)-1.3(art)3.8(i)3.8(c)-2.3(l)3.8(e)]TJ -15.7752 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(shape\))5.4(.)-359.8(S)1.3(peci)5.5(al)-359.3(abr)5.4(a)-0.6(si)5.5(ves)-358.4(s)-0.5(uch)-357.5(a)-0.6(s)-365.3(s)-0.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(t)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-0.6(d)-371.3(s)-0.5(ol)-84()-89.1(g)0.4(el)-359.3(al)5.5(umi)5.5(n)0.4(as)-365.3(r)5.4(e)-0.6(qui)5.5(r)5.4(e)-365.4(mor)5.4(e)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(sophi)5.1(st)5.1(i)5.1(cat)5.1(ed)-289.1(t)5.1(e)-1(st)5.1(s)-303.8(s)-0.9(uch)-296(a)-1(s)-303.8(e)-1(l)5.1(ect)5.1(ron)-296(m)2.7(i)5.1(c)-1(roscope)-296.9(measurement)-284(o)0(f)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 26.12 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD -0.0005 Tc [(-a)-3.9(lumina)]TJ -26.7325 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(cryst)5(a)-1.1(l)-325.4(s)-1(i)5(ze,)-319(and)-323.6(i)5(ndent)5(at)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-330.5(m)2.6(i)5(c)-1.1(rohardness.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.1819 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Coated)-322.8(Abrasi)4.9(ves)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3766 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Coat)5.2(ed)-330.3(abrasi)5.2(ves)-324.3(c)-0.9(onsi)5.2(s)-0.8(t)-325.2(o)0.1(f)-332.1(a)-338.1(exi)5.2(bl)5.2(e)-331.3(b)0.1(acki)5.2(n)0.1(g)-323.4(o)0.1(n)-337.2(w)1.8(hi)5.2(ch)-330.3(l)5.2(ms)-338.1(of)-339(adhesi)5.2(ve)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(hol)5(d)-316.7(a)-324.6(coat)5(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-309.9(o)-0.1(f)-318.6(a)-1.1(brasi)5(v)-0.1(e)-310.8(g)-0.1(rai)5(n)-0.1(s.)-312.1(The)-317.7(b)-0.1(acki)5(n)-0.1(g)-309.9(m)2.6(ay)-316.7(be)-317.7(paper,)-312.1(cl)5(ot)5(h,)-319(open-)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(mesh)-309.3(cl)5.6(ot)5.6(h,)-311.5(vul)5.6(cani)5.6(zed)-302.4(ber)-311.1(\()5.5(a)-317.1(speci)5.6(al)5.6(l)5.6(y)-309.3(t)5.6(r)5.5(eat)5.6(ed)-316.1(cot)5.6(t)5.6(o)0.5(n)-316.1(r)5.5(ag)-316.1(base)-303.3(paper)5.5(\))5.5(,)-311.5(or)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(any)-296.3(c)-1.3(ombi)4.8(nat)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-289.4(o)-0.3(f)-305(t)4.8(hese)-290.4(mat)4.8(e)-1.3(ri)4.8(al)4.8(s.)-305.4(The)-297.2(a)-1.3(brasi)4.8(v)-0.3(es)-290.3(most)-291.2(general)4.8(l)4.8(y)-296.3(used)-296.3(are)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(fu)-4.9(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(d)-252.7(a)-5.9(lu)-4.9(min)-4.9(u)-4.9(m)-256.9(o)-4.9(x)-4.9(i)0.2(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(,)-254.9(s)-5.8(o)-4.9(l)-89.3()-94.4(g)-4.9(e)-5.9(l)-254.5(a)-5.9(l)0.2(u)-4.9(m)-2.2(in)-4.9(a)-5.9(,)-254.9(a)-5.9(l)0.2(u)-4.9(m)-2.2(in)-4.9(a)-95.4()-94.4(z)-5.9(i)0.2(rc)-5.9(o)-4.9(n)-4.9(i)0.2(a)-5.9(,)-248.1(s)-5.8(ilic)-5.9(o)-4.9(n)-259.6(c)-5.9(a)-5.9(r)0.1(b)-4.9(i)0.2(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(,)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(garnet)4.4(,)-326.5(e)-1.7(mery,)-319.6(a)-1.7(nd)-331.1(i)4.4(nt)4.4(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(A)-301.1(n)0(ew)-294.2(form)-307.1(of)-297.8(coat)5.1(ed)-289.1(abrasi)5.1(ve)-296.9(has)-296.9(b)0(een)-289.1(devel)5.1(oped)-282.2(t)5.1(hat)-297.8(c)-1(onsi)5.1(s)-0.9(t)5.1(s)-296.9(of)-297.8(t)5.1(i)5.1(n)0(y)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(aggregat)4.7(es)-400.5(of)-415.2(abrasi)4.7(ve)-400.6(mat)4.7(e)-1.4(ri)4.7(al)-415.2(i)4.7(n)-420.3(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-414.3(f)4.6(orm)-417.6(o)-0.4(f)-415.2(hol)4.7(l)4.7(o)-0.4(w)-418.5(s)-1.3(pheres.)-395(As)-414.3(t)4.7(h)-0.4(ese)]TJ T* 0.0012 Tc [(spheres)-270.5(b)-1.2(reak)-276.6(down)-283.4(i)3.9(n)-290.3(u)-1.2(se,)-271.9(fresh)-283.4(cuttin)]TJ 15.7959 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(g)-290.6(g)-1.5(rains)-277.7(a)-2.5(re)-284.7(exposed;)-264.8(t)3.6(his)-291.5(m)1.2(aintains)]TJ -15.7959 -1.1425 TD 0.0025 Tc [(cut)5.2(-)5.1(r)5.1(a)-0.9(t)5.2(e)-331.2(and)-323.4(k)0.1(eeps)-317.4(power)-325.2(l)5.2(o)0.1(w.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.1887 TD 0.002 Tc [(Bonded)-323(A)1.3(brasives)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3766 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Gri)4.4(ndi)4.4(ng)-413.7(wheel)4.4(s)-407.7(a)-1.7(re)-421.5(by)-413.7(far)-415.5(t)4.4(he)-414.6(most)-408.6(i)4.4(m)2(port)4.4(a)-1.7(nt)-415.5(bonded)-399.9(a)-1.7(brasi)4.4(v)-0.7(e)-407.8(p)-0.7(roduct)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0005 Tc [(both)-470(i)3.2(n)-476.9(p)-1.9(roduction)-463.1(volume)-470.9(a)-2.9(nd)-463.1(utility.)-479.1(T)-1.1(hey)-470(a)-2.9(re)-470.9(produced)-456.2(in)-476.9(grit)-478.6(sizes)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(rangi)4.8(ng)-337.6(from)-348.7(4)-0.3(,)-339.8(f)4.7(or)-339.4(st)4.8(eel)-339.3(mi)4.8(l)4.8(l)-346.2(snaggi)4.8(ng)-330.7(wheel)4.8(s,)-332.9(t)4.8(o)-351.4(1200,)-332.9(for)-339.4(pol)4.8(i)4.8(s)-1.2(hi)4.8(ng)-337.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(surface)-325.6(of)-326.4(rot)4(ogravure)-325.6(r)3.9(ol)4(l)4(s)-2(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.3766 TD -0.0015 Tc [(Ma)-3.9(r)-4.8(k)-3.9(ing)-320.5(S)-3(y)-4.9(s)-4.8(te)-4.9(m)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 6.8345 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Gri)4.8(ndi)4.8(ng)-323.8(wheel)4.8(s)-317.8(a)-1.3(nd)-316.9(ot)4.8(her)-318.8(bonded)-310.1(a)-1.3(brasi)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-317.9(p)-0.3(roduct)4.8(s)]TJ -8.7204 -1.1426 TD [(are)-297.2(s)-1.2(peci)4.8(ed)-282.5(b)-0.3(y)-289.4(a)-297.2(st)4.8(andard)-289.4(marki)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-296.3(s)-1.2(yst)4.8(e)-1.3(m)-286.7(w)1.4(hi)4.8(ch)-289.4(i)4.8(s)-304.1(used)-282.5(t)4.8(h)-0.3(roughout)-284.3(most)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(of)-270.4(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-269.5(w)1.6(orl)5(d)-0.1(.)-270.8(T)0.7(hi)5(s)-276.3(s)-1(yst)5(e)-1.1(m)-259(a)-1.1(l)5(l)5(o)-0.1(ws)-269.4(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-276.4(u)-0.1(ser)-263.5(t)5(o)-275.5(r)4.9(ecogni)5(ze)-255.7(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-276.4(t)5(ype)-269.5(of)-270.4(abrasi)5(ve,)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-311(s)-1.2(i)4.8(z)-1.3(e)-311(a)-1.3(nd)-303.2(shapi)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-303.2(o)-0.3(f)-311.9(t)4.8(he)-311(abrasi)4.8(ve)-304.1(gri)4.8(t)4.8(,)-319.2(and)-310.1(t)4.8(he)-311(rel)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-317.9(a)-1.3(mount)-298.1(and)-310.1(t)4.8(ype)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(of)-325.9(bondi)4.5(ng)-324.1(mat)4.5(e)-1.6(ri)4.5(al)4.5(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.3766 TD [(Bond)-324.1(T)34.7(y)-1.6(pe)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 4.5288 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7365 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Most)-325.7(bonded)-317(a)-1.4(brasi)4.7(v)-0.4(e)-324.9(p)-0.4(roduct)4.7(s)-317.9(are)-331.8(p)-0.4(roduced)-317.1(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-330.8(ei)4.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(er)-325.8(a)]TJ -6.4078 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(vi)4.9(t)4.9(r)4.8(eous)-324.6(\(gl)4.9(a)-1.2(ss)-331.5(or)-325.5(cerami)4.9(c)-1.2(\))-325.5(o)-0.2(r)-325.5(a)-331.5(resi)4.9(noi)4.9(d)-330.6(\()4.8(usual)4.9(l)4.9(y)-323.7(phenol)4.9(i)4.9(c)-324.7(resi)4.9(n\))-325.5(bond.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.3766 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Speci)5.3(al)-221.8(Forms)-227.8(o)0.2(f)-235.7(B)2(onded)-220.1(A)2(brasi)5.3(ves)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 14.6877 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Speci)4.7(al)-222.4(forms)-242.2(o)-0.4(f)-229.4(bonded)-220.7(a)-1.4(brasi)4.7(v)-0.4(es)]TJ -16.5599 -1.1425 TD [(i)4.8(n)-0.3(cl)4.8(ude)-469.3(honi)4.8(ng)-468.4(and)-468.4(s)-1.2(uperni)4.8(shi)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-461.5(s)-1.2(t)4.8(ones,)-463.7(pul)4.8(pst)4.8(one)-462.4(wheel)4.8(s,)-463.7(crush-form)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc 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[(no)-536.6(mol)5.4(ecul)5.4(a)-0.7(r)-524.7(m)3(ot)5.4(i)5.4(on,)-531.9(no)-536.6(heat)5.4(.)-525.1(O)2(n)-536.6(t)5.4(he)-537.5(Cel)5.4(s)-0.6(i)5.4(u)0.3(s)-530.6(s)-0.6(cal)5.4(e,)-525.1(absol)5.4(u)0.3(t)5.4(e)-530.7(zer)5.3(o)-529.7(i)5.4(s)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 0 -1.1426 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (273)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.5073 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (15)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 59.88 548.955 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 63.36 544.875 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(C,)-380.5(on)-385.2(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-386.1(F)1.2(ahr)5.3(e)-0.7(nhei)5.4(t)-373.2(scal)5.4(e,)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 11.6112 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (459)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.5073 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (67)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 195.66 548.955 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 199.08 544.875 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(F;)-386.8(and)-378.2(zer)5.4(o)-385.1(K)2.1(el)5.5(vi)5.5(n)-385.1(\()5.4(0)-336.9(K)2.1(\))5.4(.)]TJ -19.5335 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(The)-325.2(c)-1.7(oncept)-319.1(o)-0.7(f)-326(a)-1.7(bsol)4.4(ut)4.4(e)-325.2(zero)-324.2(s)-1.6(t)4.4(e)-1.7(ms)-332(from)-328.4(t)4.4(hermodynami)4.4(c)-325.2(post)4.4(u)-0.7(l)4.4(a)-1.7(t)4.4(i)4.4(ons.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0014 Tc [(Heat)-285(and)-290.1(t)4.1(emperat)4.1(u)-1(re)-284.2(were)-291.1(poorl)4.1(y)-290.1(underst)4.1(ood)-283.2(pri)4.1(o)-1(r)-291.9(t)4.1(o)-297(C)0.8(arnot)4.1(s)-291(anal)4.1(ysi)4.1(s)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(of)-662.3(heat)-662.2(engi)5.4(nes)-654.5(i)5.4(n)-674.3(1824.)-655.8(The)-668.3(C)2.1(ar)5.3(not)-662.2(cycl)5.4(e)-661.4(b)0.3(ecame)-654.5(t)5.4(he)-668.3(concept)5.4(u)0.3(al)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0009 Tc [(foundation)-476.5(f)3.5(or)-478.3(the)-477.4(d)-1.5(enition)-476.5(o)-1.5(f)-478.3(t)3.6(empe)]TJ 16.2433 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(rature.)-478.9(T)-0.9(his)-477.5(l)3.4(ed)-476.7(to)-483.5(the)-484.5(s)-2.6(omewhat)]TJ -16.2433 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(l)5(a)-1.1(t)5(e)-1.1(r)-456.2(w)1.6(ork)-461.3(o)-0.1(f)-463.1(L)0.7(ord)-454.4(K)1.6(el)5(vi)5(n,)-463.5(who)-454.4(p)-0.1(roposed)-447.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-462.2(K)1.6(el)5(vi)5(n)-461.3(s)-1(cal)5(e)-448.5(b)-0.1(ased)-454.4(upon)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(a)-483(c)-1.2(onsi)4.9(d)-0.2(erat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-475.2(o)-0.2(f)-483.9(t)4.9(he)-489.9(second)-468.3(l)4.9(a)-1.2(w)-487.2(o)-0.2(f)-483.9(t)4.9(hermodynami)4.9(cs.)-470.5(T)0.6(hi)4.9(s)-482.9(l)4.9(eads)-482.9(t)4.9(o)-488.9(a)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(t)4.8(e)-1.3(mperat)4.8(ure)-338.5(a)-1.3(t)-339.3(w)1.4(hi)4.8(ch)-344.5(al)4.8(l)-339.4(t)4.8(he)-345.4(t)4.8(h)-0.3(ermal)-339.3(m)2.4(ot)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-344.5(o)-0.3(f)-339.4(t)4.8(he)-345.4(at)4.8(oms)-338.5(s)-1.2(t)4.8(ops.)-339.8(B)1.5(y)-337.6(u)-0.3(si)4.8(ng)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(h)0.5(i)5.6(s)-509.7(as)-502.9(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-509.8(zer)5.5(o)-502(poi)5.6(nt)-503.7(or)-503.8(absol)5.6(u)0.5(t)5.6(e)-502.9(zer)5.5(o)-502(a)-0.5(nd)-502(anot)5.6(her)-496.9(r)5.5(ef)5.5(er)5.5(ence)-496(poi)5.6(nt)-503.7(t)5.6(o)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(det)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(m)3(i)5.4(n)0.3(e)-441.2(t)5.4(he)-441.2(si)5.4(ze)-441.2(of)-442.1(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-441.2(d)0.3(egr)5.3(ees,)-428.7(a)-441.2(scal)5.4(e)-434.3(can)-440.2(be)-434.3(dened.)-428.7(T)1.1(he)-441.2(Comi)5.4(t)5.4()5.3(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0022 Tc [(Co)-4.6(n)-4.6(s)-5.5(u)-4.6(lta)-5.6(tiv)-4.6(e)-528.7(o)-4.6(f)-529.5(t)0.5(h)-4.6(e)-535.6(In)-4.6(te)-5.6(rn)-4.6(a)-5.6(tio)-4.6(n)-4.6(a)-5.6(l)-529.5(C)-2.8(o)-4.6(mmitte)-5.6(e)-535.6(o)-4.6(f)-529.5(W)81.5(e)-5.6(i)0.5(g)-4.6(h)-4.6(t)0.5(s)-535.5(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-527.7(Me)-5.6(a)-5.6(s)-5.5(u)-4.6(r)0.4(e)-5.6(s)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(sel)4.8(ect)4.8(ed)-351.4(273.16)-323.8(K)-363.4(a)-1.3(s)-359.1(t)4.8(he)-359.2(val)4.8(u)-0.3(e)-359.2(f)4.7(or)-360.1(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-366.1(t)4.8(ri)4.8(pl)4.8(e)-366.1(poi)4.8(nt)-360(for)-360.1(w)1.4(at)4.8(er.)-360.5(T)0.5(hi)4.8(s)-359.1(s)-1.2(et)-360(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(i)4.6(ce-poi)4.6(nt)-325.8(at)-325.8(273.15)-324(K.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(From)-307.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-304.2(s)-1.3(t)4.7(a)-1.4(ndpoi)4.7(nt)-291.3(of)-305.1(t)4.7(h)-0.4(ermodynami)4.7(cs,)-291.7(t)4.7(he)-304.2(t)4.7(h)-0.4(ermal)-305(e)-1.4(f)25.3()0.5(ci)4.7(ency)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 25.9754 0 TD 0 Tc (E)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0806 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(of)-304.2(an)]TJ -28.1986 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(engi)4.6(ne)-276.8(i)4.6(s)-290.5(equal)-270.7(t)4.6(o)-289.6(t)4.6(he)-283.7(work)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 11.2808 0 TD 0 Tc (W)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.2733 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(deri)4.7(ved)-275.8(from)-293.7(t)4.7(he)-283.6(engi)4.7(ne)-276.7(di)4.7(vi)4.7(ded)-282.6(b)-0.4(y)-282.6(t)4.7(he)-283.6(heat)]TJ -12.5541 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(suppl)5.3(i)5.3(e)-0.8(d)-323.3(t)5.3(o)-330.2(t)5.3(he)-331.2(engi)5.3(ne,)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 9.6358 0 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD -0.0001 Tc [(2.)-335.1(If)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 2.0855 0 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(1)-330.5(i)5(s)-338.3(t)5(he)-331.5(heat)-318.5(exhaust)5(e)-1.1(d)-316.7(from)-327.8(t)5(he)-331.4(engi)5(ne,)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -8.4726 -1.8652 TD 0 Tc (E)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.0462 0 TD (=)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD -0.0017 Tc [(\(W)-83.6(/Q)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.6292 0 TD 0 Tc (2)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD (\))Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.6539 0 TD (=)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD -0.0013 Tc (\(Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.2182 0 TD 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.7227 0 TD ()Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD -0.0017 Tc (\)/Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.6863 0 TD 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.7846 0 TD (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD (1)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.7227 0 TD ()Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD -0.0013 Tc (\(Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.2182 0 TD 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD -0.002 Tc (/Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3146 0 TD 0 Tc (2)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf -24.9706 -1.8584 TD 0.001 Tc (where)Tj /F6 1 Tf 2.8976 0 TD 0.0682 Tc [(W,)-96.4(Q)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.2713 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(1,)-449.3(and)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.1041 0 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(2)-448.1(a)-1.7(re)-449.1(al)4.4(l)-449.9(i)4.4(n)-455(t)4.4(he)-449.1(same)-449.1(uni)4.4(t)4.4(s)-1.6(.)-443.5(A)-453.3(Carnot)-443(engi)4.4(ne)-442.2(i)4.4(s)-455.9(a)]TJ -9.1196 -1.1426 TD -0.0024 Tc [(th)-4.8(e)-5.8(o)-4.8(re)-5.8(tic)-5.8(a)-5.8(l)-254.4(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(e)-253.6(in)-259.5(wh)-4.8(ic)-5.8(h)-259.5(a)-5.8(ll)-254.4(th)-4.8(e)-260.4(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(t)-254.4(is)-260.4(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(p)-4.8(p)-4.8(lie)-5.8(d)-252.6(a)-5.8(t)-254.4(a)-260.4(s)-5.7(i)0.3(n)-4.8(g)-4.8(l)0.3(e)-260.4(h)-4.8(ig)-4.8(h)-252.6(t)0.3(e)-5.8(m)-2.1(p)-4.8(e)-5.8(ra)-5.8(tu)-4.8(re)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(and)-337.2(t)5.2(he)-345(heat)-332.1(out)5.2(put)-338.9(i)5.2(s)-345(rej)5.2(ect)5.2(ed)-337.2(at)-338.9(a)-345(s)-0.8(i)5.2(ngl)5.2(e)-345(t)5.2(emperat)5.2(u)0.1(re.)-332.5(T)0.9(he)-338.1(cycl)5.2(e)-338.1(c)-0.9(onsi)5.2(s)-0.8(t)5.2(s)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.002 Tc [(o)-4.4(f)-288.5(two)-286.6(a)-5.4(d)-4.4(i)0.7(a)-5.4(b)-4.4(a)-5.4(tic)-5.4(s)-280.6(a)-5.4(n)-4.4(d)-279.8(two)-293.5(i)0.7(s)-5.3(o)-4.4(th)-4.4(e)-5.4(r)0.6(ma)-5.4(ls)-5.3(.)-282(H)-2.7(e)-5.4(r)0.6(e)-287.6(t)0.7(h)-4.4(e)-287.6(ra)-5.4(tio)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 21.715 0 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD -0.002 Tc (/Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3146 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(2)-281.7(m)3.2(ust)-283.5(d)0.5(epend)]TJ -24.3786 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(onl)4.8(y)-255(o)-0.3(n)-261.9(t)4.8(he)-255.9(t)4.8(w)1.4(o)-261.9(t)4.8(emperat)4.8(u)-0.3(res)-249(a)-1.3(nd)-255(on)-255(not)4.8(hi)4.8(ng)-255(el)4.8(se.)-250.3(T)0.5(he)-255.9(Kel)4.8(v)-0.3(i)4.8(n)-261.9(t)4.8(e)-1.3(mperat)4.8(ures)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(are)-435.5(t)4.2(hen)-434.6(d)-0.9(ened)-420.8(b)-0.9(y)-434.6(t)4.2(he)-435.5(rel)4.2(a)-1.9(t)4.2(i)4.2(o)-0.9(n)-434.6(w)0.8(here)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 16.6631 0 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD -0.002 Tc (/Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3146 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(2)-445.6(i)0(s)-439.6(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-439.7(ra)-6.1(tio)-445.6(o)-5.1(f)-440.6(th)-5.1(e)-439.7(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(t)0(s)]TJ -19.3267 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(r)5.5(e)-0.5(j)5.6(ect)5.6(ed)-329.9(and)-329.9(a)-0.5(bsor)5.5(bed,)-311.5(and)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 11.2601 0 TD 0 Tc (T)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0669 Tc (/T)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.2664 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(2)-337.9(i)4.5(s)-338.8(t)4.5(he)-332(rat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-344.8(of)-332.8(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-332(K)1.1(el)4.5(vi)4.5(n)-337.9(t)4.5(emperat)4.5(u)-0.6(res)]TJ -13.7586 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(of)-463.5(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-462.6(r)4.5(eservoi)4.6(r)-463.5(a)-1.5(nd)-454.8(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-469.5(s)-1.4(ource.)-450.1(If)-470.4(one)-462.6(st)4.6(art)4.6(s)-462.6(wi)4.6(t)4.6(h)-468.6(a)-469.5(g)-0.5(i)4.6(v)-0.5(en)-454.8(si)4.6(ze)-462.6(for)-470.4(t)4.6(he)]TJ T* [(degree,)-264.3(t)4.6(h)-0.5(en)-269(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-276.8(e)-1.5(quat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-262.1(c)-1.5(ompl)4.6(et)4.6(el)4.6(y)-269(d)-0.5(enes)-263(a)-269.9(t)4.6(h)-0.5(ermodynami)4.6(c)-263(t)4.6(emperat)4.6(u)-0.5(re)]TJ T* 0.0034 Tc [(scal)6.1(e.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 13.0499 -0.7846 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD (1)Tj ET q 11.76 0 0 -0.42 142.554 262.5811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 142.56 253.9351 Tm (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8466 0 TD (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.9154 0.7158 TD (=)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.1976 0.6952 TD (T)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD (1)Tj ET q 10.74 0 0 -0.42 168.354 262.5811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 168.36 253.9351 Tm (T)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD (2)Tj -15.5965 -1.6243 TD 0.0023 Tc [(A)-438.9(s)-1(eri)5(e)-1.1(s)-427.8(o)-0.1(f)-435.6(C)1.7(arnot)-428.6(engi)5(nes)-420.9(can)-433.8(be)-434.7(post)5(u)-0.1(l)5(a)-1.1(t)5(e)-1.1(d)-420(s)-1(o)-433.8(t)5(hat)-435.5(t)5(he)-434.7(rst)-435.5(engi)5(ne)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0031 Tc [(absor)5.7(b)0.7(s)-282.4(h)0.7(eat)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.3203 0 TD 0 Tc (Q)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.1494 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(from)-301.2(a)-297.9(source,)-285.5(does)-291(w)0.7(ork)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 10.6338 0 TD 0 Tc (W)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9842 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(,)-305.5(a)-1.4(nd)-289.5(rej)4.7(ect)4.7(s)-297.3(a)-297.3(s)-1.3(mal)4.7(l)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-291.3(a)-1.4(mount)]TJ -18.0878 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(of)-442(heat)-435(at)-441.9(a)-448(l)5.5(ower)-442(t)5.5(e)-0.6(mper)5.4(at)5.5(ur)5.4(e.)-435.5(The)-441.1(s)-0.5(econd)-433.3(engi)5.5(ne)-434.2(absor)5.4(b)0.4(s)-434.1(a)-0.6(l)5.5(l)-441.9(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-448(h)0.4(eat)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(rejected)-358.8(by)-358.8(the)-359.8()0(rst)-360.6(one,)-354.2(does)-359.7(w)0.8(ork,)]TJ 15.321 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(and)-359.4(r)3.5(ejects)-360.3(a)-367.3(still)-368.1(smaller)-354.4(a)-2.5(mount)-354.3(of)]TJ -15.321 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(heat)-463.3(whi)4.7(c)-1.4(h)-475.4(i)4.7(s)-476.2(a)-1.4(bsorbed)-461.6(b)-0.4(y)-475.4(a)-476.3(t)4.7(h)-0.4(i)4.7(r)4.6(d)-482.2(e)-1.4(ngi)4.7(ne,)-463.8(a)-1.4(nd)-468.5(so)-475.4(on.)-470.7(The)-469.4(t)4.7(emperat)4.7(u)-0.4(re)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(at)-524.5(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-522.7(each)-515.9(successi)5.5(ve)-503(engi)5.5(ne)-516.8(r)5.4(e)-0.6(j)5.5(ect)5.5(s)-523.6(i)5.5(t)5.5(s)-537.4(heat)-510.7(becomes)-516.7(s)-0.5(mal)5.5(l)5.5(e)-0.6(r)-517.7(a)-0.6(nd)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(smal)5.4(l)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(,)-401.2(and)-405.8(i)5.4(n)-405.8(t)5.4(he)-406.8(l)5.4(i)5.4(m)3(i)5.4(t)-414.5(t)5.4(h)0.3(i)5.4(s)-413.6(becomes)-386.1(zer)5.3(o)-405.8(s)-0.6(o)-398.9(t)5.4(hat)-407.6(a)-0.7(n)-398.9(e)-0.7(ngi)5.4(ne)-399.9(i)5.4(s)-406.7(r)5.3(eached)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(whi)5.6(c)-0.5(h)-316.2(r)5.5(ej)5.6(ect)5.6(s)-310.1(n)0.5(o)-316.2(h)0.5(eat)-304.1(at)-317.9(a)-317.1(t)5.6(emper)5.5(a)-0.5(t)5.6(u)0.5(r)5.5(e)-310.2(t)5.6(h)0.5(at)-311(i)5.6(s)-323.9(absol)5.6(u)0.5(t)5.6(e)-303.3(zer)5.5(o.)-311.5(A)-314.4(r)5.5(eser)5.5(voi)5.6(r)-311.1(a)-0.5(t)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(absol)5.1(u)0(t)5.1(e)-317.6(zero)-316.6(cannot)-304.6(have)-317.6(heat)-311.5(rej)5.1(ect)5.1(ed)-316.6(t)5.1(o)-330.4(i)5.1(t)-325.3(by)-316.6(a)-324.5(C)1.8(arnot)-318.4(engi)5.1(ne)-310.7(operat)5.1(i)5.1(n)0(g)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(bet)4.7(w)1.3(een)-323.9(a)-338.6(h)-0.4(i)4.7(gher)-325.7(t)4.7(emperat)4.7(u)-0.4(re)-331.8(reservoi)4.7(r)-325.7(a)-1.4(nd)-330.8(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-331.7(one)-331.7(at)-332.6(absol)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(e)-324.9(zero.)-333(Thi)4.7(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0021 Tc [(c)-5.5(a)-5.5(n)-527.6(b)-4.5(e)-528.6(u)-4.5(s)-5.4(e)-5.5(d)-527.6(a)-5.5(s)-528.5(th)-4.5(e)-535.5(d)-4.5(e)-5.5()-3.6(n)-4.5(itio)-4.5(n)-527.6(o)-4.5(f)-529.4(a)-5.5(b)-4.5(s)-5.4(o)-4.5(l)0.6(u)-4.5(t)0.6(e)-521.7(z)-5.5(e)-5.5(r)0.5(o)-4.5(.)-529.9(Ab)-4.5(s)-5.4(o)-4.5(lu)-4.5(te)-528.6(z)-5.5(e)-5.5(r)0.5(o)-527.6(i)0.6(s)-535.4(t)0.6(h)-4.5(e)-5.5(n)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(such)-399.6(a)-407.5(t)4.7(emperat)4.7(u)-0.4(re)-407.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(at)-401.4(a)-407.5(r)4.6(eservoi)4.7(r)-401.5(a)-1.4(t)-408.3(t)4.7(hat)-408.3(t)4.7(emperat)4.7(u)-0.4(re)-400.6(cannot)-394.5(have)-400.6(heat)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(rej)5(ect)5(ed)-323.6(t)5(o)-337.4(i)5(t)-332.3(by)-330.5(a)-331.5(C)1.7(arnot)-325.4(engi)5(ne)-324.6(whi)5(c)-1.1(h)-330.5(u)-0.1(ses)-324.5(a)-331.5(heat)-318.5(source)-324.6(at)-332.3(some)-324.6(hi)5(gher)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(t)5.4(e)-0.7(mper)5.3(at)5.4(ur)5.3(e.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.347 TD 0.0008 Tc [(ABSORPTIMETR)34.5(Y.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.0488 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(A)-617.9(m)2.5(et)4.9(hod)-612.8(of)-614.6(i)4.9(n)-0.2(st)4.9(rument)4.9(al)-614.6(anal)4.9(ysi)4.9(s)-1.1(,)-601.3(frequent)4.9(l)4.9(y)]TJ -10.0488 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(chemi)5.6(cal)5.6(,)-676.3(i)5.6(n)-687.8(w)2.2(hi)5.6(ch)-687.8(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-681.9(a)-0.5(bsor)5.5(pt)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-680.9(\()5.5(or)-689.6(absence)-668.1(t)5.6(her)5.5(e)-0.5(of)5.5(\))-682.8(o)0.5(f)-682.8(s)-0.4(el)5.6(ect)5.6(ed)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(e)-5.9(l)0.2(e)-5.9(c)-5.9(t)0.2(ro)-4.9(ma)-5.9(g)-4.9(n)-4.9(e)-5.9(tic)-260.5(ra)-5.9(d)-4.9(i)0.2(a)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-266.5(i)0.2(s)-267.4(a)-267.4(q)-4.9(u)-4.9(a)-5.9(lita)-5.9(tiv)-4.9(e)-267.4(\()0.1(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-266.5(o)-4.9(fte)-5.9(n)-266.5(q)-4.9(u)-4.9(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(tita)-5.9(tiv)-4.9(e)-5.9(\))-261.4(in)-4.9(d)-4.9(i)0.2(c)-5.9(a)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)]TJ T* 0.0014 Tc [(of)-340.1(the)-346.1(c)-2(hemical)-333.2(composition)-338.3(o)-1(f)-340.1(o)-1(ther)-340.1(ch)]TJ 16.5254 0 TD 0.001 Tc [(aracteristics)-332.7(o)-1.4(f)-340.5(t)3.7(he)-346.5(material)-340.5(under)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 453.36 794.655 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(ABSORPTION)-336(\(Pr)21.7(o)-2.6(cess\))-2009.8(3)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 771.135 Tm -0.0023 Tc [(o)-4.7(b)-4.7(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(r)0.3(v)-4.7(a)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-4.7(.)-578.2(Th)-4.7(e)-583.8(t)0.4(y)-4.7(p)-4.7(e)-590.7(o)-4.7(f)-584.7(ra)-5.7(d)-4.7(i)0.4(a)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-589.8(u)-4.7(tiliz)-5.7(e)-5.7(d)-589.8(in)-596.7(v)-4.7(a)-5.7(rio)-4.7(u)-4.7(s)-583.8(a)-5.7(b)-4.7(s)-5.6(o)-4.7(rp)-4.7(tio)-4.7(n)-4.7(-)0.3(ty)-4.7(p)-4.7(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(i)4.5(n)-0.6(st)4.5(rument)4.5(s)-407.6(r)4.4(anges)-400.7(from)-410.9(r)4.4(adi)4.5(o)-406.7(and)-406.7(m)2.1(i)4.5(c)-1.6(rowaves)-400.7(t)4.5(hrough)-399.8(i)4.5(n)-0.6(frared,)-408.9(vi)4.5(si)4.5(bl)4.5(e,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(and)-502.3(u)0.2(l)5.3(t)5.3(r)5.2(avi)5.3(o)0.2(l)5.3(e)-0.8(t)-504(r)5.2(adi)5.3(a)-0.8(t)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-509.2(t)5.3(o)-509.2(x)0.2(-)5.2(r)5.2(a)-0.8(ys)-503.2(and)-502.3(g)0.2(amma)-503.2(r)5.2(a)-0.8(ys.)-504.5(S)1.1(ee)-503.2(al)5.3(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 26.6706 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Anal)4.8(ysi)4.8(s)]TJ -26.6706 -1.1357 TD -0.0009 Tc [(\(Che)-4.3(mic)-4.3(a)-3.3(l\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.7215 0 TD 0.3346 Tc [(;a)331.2(n)332.2(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3883 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Spect)5(r)19.7(o)-323.5(Inst)5(rument)5(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.8305 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -15.9404 -2.1612 TD 0.0008 Tc [(ABSORPTION)-330.3(BAND.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.033 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(A)-335.8(r)4.7(ange)-331.7(of)-332.5(wavel)4.8(e)-1.3(ngt)4.8(hs)-317.8(\(or)-339.4(frequenci)4.8(e)-1.3(s\))-318.8(i)4.8(n)-337.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)]TJ -11.033 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(el)5.5(ect)5.5(r)5.4(o)0.4(magnet)5.5(i)5.5(c)-434.2(spect)5.5(r)5.4(u)0.4(m)-437.5(w)2.1(i)5.5(t)5.5(h)0.4(i)5.5(n)-447(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-440.1(r)5.4(adi)5.5(a)-0.6(nt)-441.9(ener)26.1(gy)-440.1(i)5.5(s)-447.9(absor)5.4(b)0.4(ed)-426.4(by)-440.1(a)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(subst)5(a)-1.1(nce.)-208.8(When)-227.3(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-235.1(a)-1.1(bsorbi)5(ng)-220.4(subst)5(a)-1.1(nce)-214.4(i)5(s)-235(a)-228.2(pol)5(yat)5(o)-0.1(mi)5(c)-228.2(g)-0.1(as,)-222.6(a)-1.1(n)-234.2(a)-1.1(bsorpt)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(band)-357.9(act)5.1(ual)5.1(l)5.1(y)-364.8(i)5.1(s)-372.6(composed)-357.9(of)-366.6(a)-365.8(g)0(roup)-364.8(of)-373.5(di)5.1(scret)5.1(e)-365.8(absorpt)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-357.9(l)5.1(i)5.1(n)0(es,)-367(w)1.7(hi)5.1(ch)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(appear)-545.1(t)5.6(o)-563.9(over)5.5(l)5.6(ap.)-552.4(E)1.3(ach)-557(l)5.6(i)5.6(n)0.5(e)-558(i)5.6(s)-564.8(a)-0.5(ssoci)5.6(at)5.6(ed)-550.2(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-563.9(a)-558(p)0.5(ar)5.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(c)-0.5(ul)5.6(ar)-558.9(mode)-558(of)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0025 Tc [(v)-4.9(i)0.2(b)-4.9(r)0.1(a)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-376.6(o)-4.9(r)-371.5(r)0.1(o)-4.9(t)0.2(a)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-376.6(i)0.2(n)-4.9(d)-4.9(u)-4.9(c)-5.9(e)-5.9(d)-362.8(in)-376.6(a)-377.6(g)-4.9(a)-5.9(s)-363.7(mo)-4.9(le)-5.9(c)-5.9(u)-4.9(le)-370.7(b)-4.9(y)-369.7(th)-4.9(e)-377.5(i)0.2(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(id)-4.9(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(t)-364.6(r)0.1(a)-5.9(d)-4.9(ia)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-4.9(.)]TJ T* 0.0016 Tc [(The)-442.3(a)-1.8(bsorpt)4.3(i)4.3(o)-0.8(n)-434.5(b)-0.8(ands)-428.4(of)-443.2(oxygen)-434.5(a)-1.8(nd)-434.5(ozone)-435.4(are)-442.3(o)-0.8(ft)4.3(en)-441.3(referred)-448.2(t)4.3(o)-448.2(i)4.3(n)-441.3(t)4.3(he)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0007 Tc [(literature)-339.9(of)-327(atmospheric)-326.2(physics.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0016 Tc [(The)-600.6(i)4.3(mport)4.3(a)-1.8(nt)-601.4(bands)-593.6(for)-601.5(oxygen)-592.8(a)-1.8(re)-607.5(\(1\))-326.1(t)4.3(he)-607.5(Hopel)4.3(d)-599.6(b)-0.8(ands,)-588.1(v)-0.8(ery)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(st)5(rong,)-449.7(bet)5(w)1.6(een)-447.5(about)-449.3(670)-447.5(and)-454.4(1000)-447.5(angst)5(r)4.9(oms)-448.4(i)5(n)-461.3(t)5(he)-455.3(ul)5(t)5(r)4.9(avi)5(o)-0.1(l)5(e)-1.1(t)5(;)-463(\(2\))-325.4(a)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(di)5.1(f)25.7(f)5(use)-537.8(s)-0.9(yst)5.1(e)-1(m)-527.3(b)0(et)5.1(ween)-523.1(1019)-530(and)-530(1300)-530(angst)5.1(r)5(oms;)-524.9(\(3\))-325.3(t)5.1(he)-537.8(Schumann-)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(Runge)-668.6(cont)5.1(i)5.1(nuum,)-669.9(v)0(ery)-674.6(s)-0.9(t)5.1(r)5(ong,)-676.8(bet)5.1(w)1.7(een)-667.7(1350)-674.6(and)-674.6(1760)-667.7(angst)5.1(r)5(oms;)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(\(4\))-332.4(t)4.9(he)-269.6(Schumann-Runge)-242.1(bands)-262.7(bet)4.9(w)1.5(een)-261.8(1760)-261.8(and)-261.8(1926)-261.8(angst)4.9(r)4.8(oms;)-263.5(\(5\))-325.6(t)4.9(he)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(Herzber)25.5(g)-427(bands)-421(bet)4.9(w)1.5(een)-420.1(2400)-427(and)-427(2600)-427(angst)4.9(r)4.8(oms;)-415(\(6\))-332.4(t)4.9(he)-434.8(at)4.9(mospheri)4.9(c)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(bands)-262.5(bet)5.1(w)1.7(een)-268.5(5380)-268.5(and)-268.5(7710)-268.5(angst)5.1(r)5(oms)-269.3(i)5.1(n)-282.2(t)5.1(he)-276.3(vi)5.1(si)5.1(bl)5.1(e)-276.3(s)-0.9(pect)5.1(rum;)-263.3(and)-275.3(\()5(7\))-325.3(a)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(syst)4.4(em)-321.5(i)4.4(n)-331.1(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-332.1(i)4.4(nfrared)-338(a)-1.7(t)-326(a)-1.7(bout)-319.1(1)-331.1(m)1.9(i)4.4(c)-1.7(ron.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(The)-290.5(i)4.7(mport)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)-291.3(bands)-283.5(for)-291.3(o)-0.4(zone)-283.6(are)-297.3(t)4.7(he)-297.3(Hart)4.7(l)4.7(e)-1.4(y)-289.5(b)-0.4(ands)-283.5(bet)4.7(w)1.3(een)-289.5(2000)-282.6(and)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD [(3000)-261.9(angst)4.8(r)4.7(oms)-255.9(i)4.8(n)-275.7(t)4.8(he)-262.8(ul)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(avi)4.8(o)-0.3(l)4.8(e)-1.3(t)4.8(,)-271(wi)4.8(t)4.8(h)-275.7(a)-269.7(v)-0.3(ery)-261.9(i)4.8(nt)4.8(ense)-262.8(maxi)4.8(mum)-266.1(a)-1.3(bsorpt)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(at)-276.9(2550)-282(angst)5.3(r)5.2(oms;)-270(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-283(H)1.9(uggi)5.3(ns)-282.9(bands,)-270.5(w)1.9(eak)-275.2(absorpt)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-275.2(b)0.2(et)5.3(ween)-275.1(3200)-275.2(and)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(3600)-275.2(angst)5.3(r)5.2(oms;)-276.9(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-289.9(C)2(happi)5.3(us)-276(bands,)-270.5(a)-283(weak)-282(di)5.3(f)25.9(f)5.2(use)-289.9(s)-0.7(yst)5.3(e)-0.8(m)-272.5(b)0.2(et)5.3(ween)-275.1(4500)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(and)-227.6(6500)-220.7(angst)4.7(r)4.6(oms)-221.6(i)4.7(n)-234.5(t)4.7(he)-235.4(vi)4.7(si)4.7(bl)4.7(e)-228.5(s)-1.3(pect)4.7(rum;)-222.4(and)-227.6(t)4.7(he)-228.5(i)4.7(n)-0.4(frared)-234.5(b)-0.4(ands)-221.6(cent)4.7(e)-1.4(red)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(at)-325.6(4.7,)-332.9(9.6)-330.7(a)-1.3(nd)-323.8(14.1)-323.8(m)2.4(i)4.8(c)-1.3(rons,)-326.1(t)4.8(he)-331.7(l)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(t)4.8(e)-1.3(r)-332.5(b)-0.3(ei)4.8(ng)-330.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-324.8(m)2.4(ost)-332.5(i)4.8(nt)4.8(ense.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-325.5(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.7236 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Absorpt)5(i)5.1(on)-315.7(Spect)5(rum)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.3399 0 TD 0.3208 Tc [(;a)317.4(n)318.4(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3814 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(El)5.1(ect)5(r)19.7(o)0(magnet)5(i)5.1(c)-317.6(Spect)5(rum)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.4873 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -28.0747 -2.1612 TD 0.001 Tc [(ABSORPTION)-275(COEFFICIENT)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.8392 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(1.)-277.7(For)-277.3(t)5(he)-283.3(absorpt)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-268.6(o)-0.1(f)-277.3(one)-276.4(subst)5(a)-1.1(nce)]TJ -14.8392 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(or)-277.5(phase)-269.7(i)4.8(n)-282.5(anot)4.8(her,)-271(as)-276.5(i)4.8(n)-282.5(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-276.6(a)-1.3(bsorpt)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-275.6(o)-0.3(f)-277.5(a)-276.6(gas)-276.5(i)4.8(n)-282.5(a)-283.5(l)4.8(i)4.8(qui)4.8(d,)-277.9(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-283.5(a)-1.3(bsorpt)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(coef)25.9(ci)5.3(e)-0.8(nt)-566(i)5.3(s)-585.8(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-578.9(vol)5.3(ume)-578.9(o)0.2(f)-579.8(g)0.2(as)-572(di)5.3(ssol)5.3(v)0.2(ed)-571.1(by)-578(a)-578.9(s)-0.7(peci)5.3(ed)-564.2(vol)5.3(ume)-578.9(o)0.2(f)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(s)-6(o)-5.1(lv)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t;)-357.9(th)-5.1(u)-5.1(s)-363.9(a)-364(w)-3.4(id)-5.1(e)-6.1(l)0(y)-363(u)-5.1(s)-6(e)-6.1(d)-363(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(e)-6.1(f)20.6()-4.2(c)-6.1(i)0(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t)-351(i)0(s)-370.8(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-364(q)-5.1(u)-5.1(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(tity)-363(a)-364(i)0(n)-369.9(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-370.9(e)-6.1(x)-5.1(p)-5.1(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(s)-6(s)-6(i)0(o)-5.1(n)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 0 -1.1426 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.8879 0 TD (=)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD (V)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 331.08 444.375 Tm (0)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 334.62 445.695 Tm 0.0669 Tc (/V)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 344.64 444.375 Tm 0 Tc (p)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 349.08 445.695 Tm 0.2869 Tc [(,w)286.2(h)284.5(e)283.5(r)289.5(e)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.2624 0 TD 0 Tc (V)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 382.86 444.375 Tm (0)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 388.92 445.695 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(i)4.9(s)-283.3(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-283.4(vol)4.9(ume)-283.4(o)-0.2(f)-277.4(g)-0.2(as)-276.4(reduced)-275.5(t)4.9(o)-282.4(st)4.9(andard)-275.6(condi)4.9(t)4.9(i)4.9(ons,)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -9.1955 -1.1357 TD 0 Tc (V)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.1219 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(i)5(s)-338.3(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-324.6(vol)5(ume)-331.5(o)-0.1(f)-325.4(l)5(i)5(qui)5(d,)-332.7(and)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 11.7488 0 TD 0 Tc (p)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9842 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(is)-336.4(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(tia)-6.1(l)-337.3(p)-5.1(re)-6.1(s)-6(s)-6(u)-5.1(re)-322.7(o)-5.1(f)-330.4(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(g)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(.)]TJ -12.7124 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(2.)-332.9(In)-337.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-338.5(case)-324.8(o)-0.3(f)-332.5(s)-1.2(ound,)-319.2(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-338.5(a)-1.3(bsorpt)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-330.7(c)-1.3(oef)25.4()0.6(ci)4.8(ent)-318.7(\()4.7(whi)4.8(c)-1.3(h)-337.6(i)4.8(s)-338.5(a)-1.3(l)4.8(s)-1.2(o)-330.7(cal)4.8(l)4.8(e)-1.3(d)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(t)5.1(h)0(e)-317.6(acoust)5.1(i)5.1(cal)-297.8(absorpt)5.1(i)5.1(v)0(i)5.1(t)5.1(y)0(\))-311.6(i)5.1(s)-317.5(d)0(ened)-309.8(a)-1(s)-310.6(t)5.1(he)-317.6(fract)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-316.6(o)0(f)-311.6(t)5.1(he)-317.6(i)5.1(n)0(ci)5.1(dent)-311.5(sound)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(ener)25.2(gy)-269(absorbed)-262.1(by)-275.9(a)-276.8(s)-1.4(urface)-269.9(or)-270.8(medi)4.6(um,)-271.2(t)4.6(he)-276.8(surface)-269.9(bei)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-269(c)-1.5(onsi)4.6(d)-0.5(ered)-262.1(part)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(of)-324.7(an)-329.8(i)5.7(n)0.6(ni)5.7(t)5.7(e)-330.8(ar)5.6(ea.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(3.)-291.8(In)-303.4(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-297.4(m)2.1(ost)-284.5(g)-0.5(eneral)-284.5(use)-290.6(o)-0.5(f)-298.3(t)4.6(he)-297.4(t)4.6(e)-1.5(rm,)-298.7(a)-1.5(bsorpt)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-289.6(c)-1.5(oef)25.2()0.4(ci)4.6(ent)4.6(,)-285(appl)4.6(i)4.6(e)-1.5(d)-289.6(t)4.6(o)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(e)-5.8(l)0.3(e)-5.8(c)-5.8(t)0.3(ro)-4.8(ma)-5.8(g)-4.8(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(tic)-274.2(ra)-5.8(d)-4.8(i)0.3(a)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-280.2(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-280.2(a)-5.8(t)0.3(o)-4.8(m)-2.1(ic)-288(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-280.2(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(b)-4.8(a)-5.8(to)-4.8(mic)-274.2(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(r)0.2(tic)-5.8(le)-5.8(s)-5.7(,)-275.5(is)-287.9(a)-288(m)-2.1(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(r)0.2(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(of)-497.3(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-503.3(r)5.1(at)5.2(e)-503.3(o)0.1(f)-504.2(d)0.1(ecrease)-482.7(i)5.2(n)-509.3(i)5.2(nt)5.2(ensi)5.2(t)5.2(y)-502.4(of)-497.3(a)-503.3(b)0.1(eam)-492.8(of)-504.2(phot)5.2(ons)-489.5(or)-504.2(part)5.2(i)5.2(c)-0.9(l)5.2(e)-0.9(s)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(i)5.1(n)-502.5(i)5.1(t)5.1(s)-510.2(passage)-482.8(t)5.1(h)0(rough)-495.6(a)-503.4(p)0(art)5.1(i)5.1(c)-1(ul)5.1(ar)-497.4(subst)5.1(a)-1(nce.)-477.2(One)-496.5(c)-1(ompl)5.1(i)5.1(cat)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-495.6(i)5.1(n)-502.5(t)5.1(he)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(st)5.7(at)5.7(ement)-242.1(o)0.6(f)-249(t)5.7(he)-255(absor)5.6(p)0.6(t)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)-240.3(c)-0.4(oef)26.3()1.5(ci)5.7(ent)-242.1(a)-0.4(r)5.6(i)5.7(ses)-248.1(f)5.6(r)5.6(o)0.6(m)-258.3(t)5.7(he)-248.2(cause)-241.3(of)-249(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-255(d)0.6(ecr)5.6(ease)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0025 Tc [(in)-294(in)-4.9(te)-5.9(n)-4.9(s)-5.8(ity)-4.9(.)-296.2(W)-1.4(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(n)-287.1(lig)-4.9(h)-4.9(t)0.2(,)-303.1(x)-4.9(-ra)-5.9(y)-4.9(s)-5.8(,)-289.4(o)-4.9(r)-288.9(o)-4.9(th)-4.9(e)-5.9(r)-288.9(e)-5.9(l)0.2(e)-5.9(c)-5.9(t)0.2(ro)-4.9(ma)-5.9(g)-4.9(n)-4.9(e)-5.9(tic)-288.1(ra)-5.9(d)-4.9(i)0.2(a)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-294(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(t)0.2(e)-5.9(r)0.1(s)-288(a)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0017 Tc [(body)-331.1(of)-332.9(mat)4.4(t)4.4(e)-1.7(r,)-340.2(i)4.4(t)-339.8(experi)4.4(ences)-318.2(i)4.4(n)-338(general)-326(t)4.4(wo)-338(t)4.4(ypes)-332(o)-0.7(f)-332.9(a)-1.7(t)4.4(t)4.4(e)-1.7(nuat)4.4(i)4.4(on.)-333.3(Part)-332.9(of)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(it)-323.5(is)-322.6(s)-6(u)-5.1(b)-5.1(j)0(e)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(d)-308(to)-328.6(s)-6(c)-6.1(a)-6.1(tte)-6.1(rin)-5.1(g)-5.1(,)-310.2(b)-5.1(e)-6.1(in)-5.1(g)-321.7(r)-0.1(e)-6.1()-4.2(e)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(d)-308(in)-328.6(a)-6.1(l)0(l)-316.6(d)-5.1(ire)-6.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-5.1(s)-6(,)-317.1(w)-3.4(h)-5.1(ile)-322.7(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(o)-5.1(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(r)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(port)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-420.4(i)4.6(s)-428.2(a)-1.5(bsorbed)-406.6(b)-0.5(y)-420.4(b)-0.5(ei)4.6(ng)-413.5(convert)4.6(ed)-413.5(i)4.6(n)-0.5(t)4.6(o)-427.3(ot)4.6(her)-415.3(f)4.5(orms)-428.1(of)-415.3(ener)25.2(gy.)-415.7(The)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0023 Tc [(s)-5.6(c)-5.7(a)-5.7(tte)-5.7(re)-5.7(d)-328.2(r)0.3(a)-5.7(d)-4.7(ia)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-335.1(m)-2(a)-5.7(y)-328.2(s)-5.6(till)-343.7(b)-4.7(e)-329.2(e)-5.7(f)21(fe)-5.7(c)-5.7(tiv)-4.7(e)-342.9(i)0.4(n)-335.1(t)0.4(h)-4.7(e)-336.1(s)-5.6(a)-5.7(me)-329.2(wa)-5.7(y)-4.7(s)-329.1(a)-5.7(s)-336(th)-4.7(e)-336.1(o)-4.7(rig)-4.7(i)0.4(n)-4.7(a)-5.7(l,)]TJ T* 0.0014 Tc [(but)-429.5(the)-435.6(a)-2(bsorbed)-420.9(portion)-434.7(ceases)-414.9(to)-441.5(ex)]TJ 15.8991 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(ist)-423.8(a)-3.2(s)-436.7(r)2.8(adiation)-435.9(o)-2.2(r)-430.8(i)2.9(s)-436.7(r)2.8(e-emitted)-442.7(a)-3.2(s)]TJ -15.8991 -1.1425 TD 0.0015 Tc [(secondary)-462.1(radi)4.2(at)4.2(i)4.2(on.)-485(St)4.2(ri)4.2(ct)4.2(l)4.2(y)-0.9(,)-491.8(t)4.2(herefore,)-478.1(w)0.8(e)-483.7(h)-0.9(ave)-476.8(t)4.2(o)-489.6(d)-0.9(i)4.2(s)-1.8(t)4.2(i)4.2(ngui)4.2(sh)-475.8(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)-483.7(t)4.2(rue)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(absor)5.5(p)0.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-543.3(c)-0.5(oef)26.2()1.4(ci)5.6(ent)-538.1(f)5.5(r)5.5(o)0.5(m)-554.4(t)5.6(he)-551.1(scat)5.6(t)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(ng)-550.2(coef)26.2(ci)5.6(e)-0.5(nt)5.6(;)-538.2(but)-551.9(f)5.5(o)0.5(r)-552(p)0.5(r)5.5(act)5.6(i)5.6(cal)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(purposes)-482.4(i)5.4(t)-503.9(i)5.4(s)-496.2(somet)5.4(i)5.4(m)3(es)-496.2(conveni)5.4(ent)-476.4(t)5.4(o)-502.2(a)-0.7(dd)-488.4(t)5.4(h)0.3(em)-499.5(t)5.4(oget)5.4(h)0.3(er)-490.2(as)-489.3(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-503.1(t)5.4(ot)5.4(al)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(tte)-6.1(n)-5.1(u)-5.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-328.6(o)-5.1(r)-330.4(e)-6.1(x)-5.1(tin)-5.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-335.5(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(e)-6.1(f)20.6()-4.2(c)-6.1(i)0(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.003 Tc [(I)5.6(f)-441.8(appr)5.6(opr)5.6(i)5.7(a)-0.4(t)5.7(e)-434(cor)5.6(r)5.6(ect)5.7(i)5.7(ons)-427(ar)5.6(e)-440.9(m)3.3(ade)-434(f)5.6(or)-434.9(scat)5.7(t)5.7(e)-0.4(r)5.6(i)5.7(ng)-439.9(and)-433.1(r)5.6(el)5.7(at)5.7(ed)-433.1(ef)26.3(f)5.6(ect)5.7(s,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-384.6(r)-0.1(a)-6.1(tio)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.813 0 TD 0.1081 Tc [(I/)110.1(I)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 354.24 226.0951 Tm 0 Tc (0)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 361.14 227.4151 Tm 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(s)-379.9(gi)4.7(ven)-379(b)-0.4(y)-372.1(t)4.7(he)-379.9(l)4.7(a)-1.4(ws)-379.9(of)-373.9(Bouguer)-367(a)-1.4(nd)-372.1(Beer.)-374.3(H)1.3(ere,)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 20.8065 0 TD 0 Tc (I)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 546.12 226.0951 Tm (0)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 552.96 227.4151 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(is)-384.6(th)-5.1(e)]TJ -28.0131 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(n)0(t)5.1(e)-1(nsi)5.1(t)5.1(y)-454.3(or)-449.2(radi)5.1(ant)-442.3(power)-449.2(of)-449.2(t)5.1(h)0(e)-448.4(l)5.1(i)5.1(ght)-456.1(i)5.1(n)0(ci)5.1(dent)-442.3(on)-454.3(t)5.1(h)0(e)-448.4(s)-0.9(ampl)5.1(e)-448.4(a)-1(nd)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 28.6253 0 TD 0 Tc (I)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9911 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (is)Tj -29.6164 -1.1357 TD -0.0026 Tc [(th)-5(e)-336.4(i)0.1(n)-5(t)0.1(e)-6(n)-5(s)-5.9(ity)-342.3(o)-5(f)-337.2(th)-5(e)-336.4(t)0.1(ra)-6(n)-5(s)-5.9(mitte)-6(d)-342.3(lig)-5(h)-5(t)0.1(.)-344.5(T)-4.2(h)-5(i)0.1(s)-336.3(r)0(a)-6(tio)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 19.6089 0 TD 0.1081 Tc [(I/)110.1(I)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 491.94 206.2951 Tm 0 Tc (0)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 497.94 207.6151 Tm (=)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD (T)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0668 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(s)-338.5(known)-323.8(a)-1.3(s)-331.6(t)4.8(he)]TJ -23.8284 -1.1426 TD -0.0019 Tc [(tra)-5.3(n)-4.3(s)-5.2(m)-1.6(itta)-5.3(n)-4.3(c)-5.3(e)-5.3(.)-323.2(Se)-5.3(e)-335.7(a)-5.3(ls)-5.2(o)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 9.6909 0 TD -0.0012 Tc [(Spe)-4.6(c)-4.6(t)1.4(r)16.1(o)-3.6(c)-4.6(h)-2.7(e)-4.6(m)-1(ic)-4.6(a)-3.6(l)-315.1(Ana)-3.6(l)1.5(y)-3.6(s)-4.5(is)-328(\(Vis)-4.5(ible)-4.6(\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.9217 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -24.6126 -2.1612 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ABSORPTION)-316.2(\(Pr)18.4(o)-1.3(cess\).)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.0517 0 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Absorpt)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-324(i)4.6(s)-324.9(c)-1.5(ommonl)4.6(y)-317.2(u)-0.5(sed)-310.3(i)4.6(n)-324(t)4.6(he)-325(process)]TJ -12.0517 -1.1357 TD [(i)4.6(ndust)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(e)-1.5(s)-269.8(f)4.5(or)-277.7(separat)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-262.1(m)2.2(at)4.6(eri)4.6(a)-1.5(l)4.6(s)-1.4(,)-271.2(not)4.6(abl)4.6(y)-269(a)-276.8(s)-1.4(peci)4.6(c)-263(gas)-269.8(from)-273.2(a)-276.8(mi)4.6(xt)4.6(ure)-276.8(o)-0.5(f)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(gases;)-284.4(and)-296.4(i)4.7(n)-303.3(t)4.7(he)-304.2(product)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-296.4(o)-0.4(f)-298.2(s)-1.3(ol)4.7(ut)4.7(i)4.7(ons)-297.3(such)-289.5(as)-304.2(hydrochl)4.7(ori)4.7(c)-290.5(and)-296.4(s)-1.3(ul)4.7(furi)4.7(c)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(aci)4.9(ds.)-518.7(A)1.5(bsorpt)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-516.5(operat)4.9(i)4.9(ons)-517.3(are)-531.2(v)-0.2(er)]TJ 15.5894 0 TD -0.0021 Tc [(y)-527.6(i)0.6(mp)-4.5(o)-4.5(r)0.5(ta)-5.5(n)-4.5(t)-529.4(to)-527.6(ma)-5.5(n)-4.5(y)-527.6(a)-5.5(i)0.6(r)-529.4(p)-4.5(o)-4.5(llu)-4.5(tio)-4.5(n)]TJ -15.5894 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(abat)5(ement)-380.4(s)-1(yst)5(e)-1.1(ms)-393.3(where)-393.4(i)5(t)-401.1(i)5(s)-400.2(d)-0.1(esi)5(r)4.9(ed)-392.5(t)5(o)-406.2(remove)-393.4(a)-400.3(noxi)5(ous)-386.5(gas,)-387.8(such)-392.5(as)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(sul)4.6(f)4.5(ur)-339.6(di)4.6(oxi)4.6(de)-345.6(or)-346.5(hydrogen)-330.9(s)-1.4(ul)4.6(de,)-340(from)-348.9(a)-1.5(n)-337.8(e)-1.5(f)25.2()0.4(uent)-339.5(gas)-345.6(p)-0.5(ri)4.6(or)-346.5(t)4.6(o)-351.6(rel)4.6(easi)4.6(n)-0.5(g)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-262.6(m)2.6(at)5(eri)5(a)-1.1(l)-263.4(t)5(o)-268.6(t)5(he)-262.6(at)5(mosphere.)-250.1(T)0.7(he)-262.6(absorpt)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-254.8(m)2.6(edi)5(u)-0.1(m)-259(i)5(s)-269.4(a)-262.6(l)5(i)5(qui)5(d)-268.6(i)5(n)-268.6(w)1.6(hi)5(ch)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(\(1\))-332.6(t)4.7(he)-359.3(gas)-359.2(t)4.7(o)-372.1(b)-0.4(e)-359.3(r)4.6(emoved,)-353.7(i)4.7(.)4.2(e.,)-367.5(a)-1.4(bsorbed)-351.5(i)4.7(s)-366.1(s)-1.3(ol)4.7(ubl)4.7(e)-359.3(i)4.7(n)-365.2(t)4.7(he)-366.2(l)4.7(i)4.7(qui)4.7(d,)-360.6(or)-367(\(2\))-325.8(a)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(chemi)5.6(cal)-400.5(r)5.5(eact)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-419.4(t)5.6(akes)-406.5(pl)5.6(ace)-413.4(bet)5.6(w)2.2(een)-405.6(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-420.3(g)0.5(as)-413.4(and)-412.5(t)5.6(he)-413.4(absor)5.5(b)0.5(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)-412.5(l)5.6(i)5.6(qui)5.6(d.)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(I)5.2(n)-378.4(some)-372.5(i)5.3(n)0.2(st)5.3(ances)-365.5(a)-379.3(c)-0.8(hemi)5.3(cal)-366.4(r)5.2(eagent)-366.4(i)5.3(s)-379.3(a)-0.8(dded)-364.6(t)5.3(o)-378.4(t)5.3(he)-379.3(absor)5.2(b)0.2(i)5.3(n)0.2(g)-371.5(l)5.3(i)5.3(qui)5.3(d)-378.4(t)5.3(o)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(in)-5.1(c)-6.1(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(e)-322.7(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-336.5(a)-6.1(b)-5.1(ility)-342.4(o)-5.1(f)-330.4(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(s)-6(o)-5.1(l)0(v)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t)-330.4(to)-335.5(a)-6.1(b)-5.1(s)-6(o)-5.1(rb)-5.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(Wher)5.5(ever)-386.8(possi)5.6(bl)5.6(e,)-380.3(i)5.6(t)-400.5(i)5.6(s)-399.6(desi)5.6(r)5.5(e)-0.5(d)-391.9(t)5.6(o)-398.7(s)-0.4(el)5.6(ect)-386.7(an)-391.9(absor)5.5(b)0.5(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)-385(l)5.6(i)5.6(qui)5.6(d)-398.7(t)5.6(hat)-393.6(can)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(be)-455.5(regenerat)4.8(e)-1.3(d)-440.8(a)-1.3(nd)-447.7(t)4.8(hus)-455.5(recycl)4.8(ed)-447.7(and)-447.7(u)-0.3(sed)-447.7(over)-449.5(a)-1.3(nd)-447.7(over.)-456.8(An)-454.6(exampl)4.8(e)]TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj > /XObject > /ExtGState > >> endobj 19 0 obj > endobj 20 0 obj > stream BT /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 28.8 794.655 Tm 0 g /GS1 gs -0.0007 Tc 0 Tw [(4)-1943.1(A)-1.4(BSORPTION)-336(\()-2.3(Pr)21.7(ocess\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 771.135 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(of)-393.9(absor)5.3(p)0.3(t)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-378.3(w)2(i)5.4(t)5.4(h)-398.9(chemi)5.4(cal)-380(r)5.3(eact)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-392.1(i)5.4(s)-392.9(t)5.4(he)-393(absor)5.3(p)0.3(t)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-385.2(o)0.3(f)-387(car)5.3(bon)-385.2(di)5.4(oxi)5.4(de)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(f)5.2(r)5.2(o)0.2(m)-368.8(a)-365.6(ue)-365.6(g)0.2(as)-358.6(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-371.5(aqueous)-351.7(sodi)5.3(um)-361.9(hydr)5.2(oxi)5.3(de.)-353.1(I)5.2(n)-371.5(t)5.3(hi)5.3(s)-365.5(r)5.2(eact)5.3(i)5.3(on,)-360(sodi)5.3(um)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(car)5.4(bonat)5.5(e)-516.8(i)5.5(s)-537.4(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(ed.)-525(T)1.2(hi)5.5(s)-530.5(r)5.4(eact)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-522.7(i)5.5(s)-530.5(i)5.5(r)5.4(r)5.4(e)-0.6(ver)5.4(s)-0.5(i)5.5(b)0.4(l)5.5(e)-0.6(.)-531.8(H)2.1(owever)5.4(,)-518.1(c)-0.6(ont)5.5(i)5.5(nued)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(absorpt)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-248(o)-0.2(f)-263.6(t)4.9(he)-255.8(carbon)-254.9(di)4.9(oxi)4.9(de)-255.8(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-261.8(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-262.7(s)-1.1(odi)4.9(um)-252.2(carbonat)4.9(e)-242.1(sol)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-261.8(r)4.8(esul)4.9(t)4.9(s)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(n)-344.2(t)5.1(h)0(e)-345.1(f)5(ormat)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-351.1(o)0(f)-339.1(s)-0.9(odi)5.1(um)-341.5(aci)5.1(d)-337.3(carbonat)5.1(e)-1(.)-332.6(T)0.8(he)-338.2(l)5.1(a)-1(t)5.1(t)5.1(e)-1(r)-346(can)-337.3(be)-345.1(decomposed)]TJ T* [(upon)-309.8(heat)5.1(i)5.1(n)0(g)-309.8(t)5.1(o)-323.5(carbon)-302.9(di)5.1(oxi)5.1(de,)-312(w)1.7(at)5.1(er,)-312(a)-1(nd)-309.8(sodi)5.1(um)-314(carbonat)5.1(e)-303.8(and)-309.8(t)5.1(hus)-317.5(t)5.1(h)0(e)]TJ T* [(sodi)5.2(um)-320.7(carbonat)5.2(e)-317.5(can)-330.3(be)-324.4(recycl)5.2(ed.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(T)69.6(ypes)-489.7(o)-0.1(f)-490.6(e)-1.1(qui)5(pment)-483.7(u)-0.1(sed)-488.8(f)4.9(or)-497.5(absorpt)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-488.8(i)5(ncl)5(ude)-489.8(\(1\))-332.3(a)-496.6(packed)-481.9(t)5(o)-0.1(wer)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(l)4.7(l)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-434.1(w)1.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(h)-440.9(packi)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-420.3(m)2.3(at)4.7(eri)4.7(a)-1.4(l)4.7(,)-436.3(absorbent)-415.2(l)4.7(i)4.7(qui)4.7(d)-440.9()0.5(owi)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-427.2(down)-427.2(t)4.7(hrough)-434.1(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(packi)5.5(n)0.4(g)-481.4(\()5.4(desi)5.5(gned)-474.6(t)5.5(o)-495.2(p)0.4(r)5.4(ovi)5.5(de)-482.4(a)-489.3(m)3.1(axi)5.5(m)3.1(um)-485.6(of)-490.1(cont)5.5(act)-476.3(sur)5.4(f)5.4(ace\))5.4(,)-483.7(a)-0.6(nd)-481.4(gas)]TJ T* 0.0016 Tc [(owi)4.3(ng)-427.6(upward)-427.6(i)4.3(n)-434.5(a)-435.4(count)4.3(ercurrent)-415.6(fashi)4.3(on;)-429.3(\(2\))-326.1(a)-435.4(spray)-427.6(t)4.3(ower)-429.4(i)4.3(n)-434.5(whi)4.3(c)-1.8(h)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(th)-4.9(e)-412(a)-5.9(b)-4.9(s)-5.8(o)-4.9(r)0.1(b)-4.9(i)0.2(n)-4.9(g)-404.1(liq)-4.9(u)-4.9(i)0.2(d)-411(i)0.2(s)-418.8(s)-5.8(p)-4.9(r)0.1(a)-5.9(y)-4.9(e)-5.9(d)-397.3(in)-4.9(to)-417.9(e)-5.9(s)-5.8(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(tia)-5.9(lly)-404.1(a)-5.9(n)-411(e)-5.9(m)-2.2(p)-4.9(t)0.2(y)-404.1(t)0.2(o)-4.9(w)-3.2(e)-5.9(r)-412.8(with)-417.9(th)-4.9(e)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(gas)-352()0.8(owi)5(n)-0.1(g)-358(upward;)-352.9(\(3\))-332.3(a)-359(t)5(r)4.9(ay)-358(t)5(o)-0.1(wer)-359.9(c)-1.1(ont)5(ai)5(ni)5(ng)-351.2(bubbl)5(e)-352.1(caps,)-346.5(si)5(eve)-352.1(t)5(rays,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(or)-532.3(val)4.6(v)-0.5(e)-531.5(t)4.6(rays;)-532.3(\()4.5(4\))-332.7(a)-538.3(f)4.5(al)4.6(l)4.6(i)4.6(ng-l)4.6(m)-541.6(a)-1.5(bsorber)-518.6(o)-0.5(r)-539.2(w)1.2(et)4.6(t)4.6(e)-1.5(d-wal)4.6(l)-532.3(col)4.6(u)-0.5(mn;)-525.4(a)-1.5(nd)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(\()5.2(5)0.2(\))-332(s)-0.7(t)5.3(i)5.3(r)5.2(r)5.2(e)-0.8(d)-330.2(v)0.2(essel)5.3(s)-0.7(.)-318.7(P)1.1(acked)-316.4(t)5.3(o)0.2(wer)5.2(s)-331.1(ar)5.2(e)-324.3(t)5.3(he)-331.2(most)-325.1(commonl)5.3(y)-323.3(u)0.2(sed.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(A)-424.7(r)5.3(epr)5.3(e)-0.7(sent)5.4(at)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(e)-420.5(p)0.3(acked-)5.3(t)5.4(ype)-406.8(absor)5.3(p)0.3(t)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-419.6(t)5.4(ower)-421.4(i)5.4(s)-434.2(shown)-419.6(i)5.4(n)-426.5(F)1.2(i)5.4(g)0.3(.)-332.3(1)7.1(.)-428.7(I)5.3(n)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.002 Tc [(a)-5.4(d)-4.4(d)-4.4(itio)-4.4(n)-334.8(t)0.7(o)-334.8(a)-5.4(b)-4.4(s)-5.3(o)-4.4(r)0.6(p)-4.4(tio)-4.4(n)-327.9(e)-5.4(f)21.3()-3.5(c)-5.4(i)0.7(e)-5.4(n)-4.4(c)-5.4(y)-4.4(,)-323.3(a)-335.8(p)-4.4(r)0.6(ima)-5.4(r)0.6(y)-341.7(c)-5.4(o)-4.4(n)-4.4(c)-5.4(e)-5.4(r)0.6(n)-321(o)-4.4(f)-336.6(t)0.7(h)-4.4(e)-335.8(to)-4.4(we)-5.4(r)-329.8(d)-4.4(e)-5.4(s)-5.3(ig)-4.4(n)-4.4(e)-5.4(r)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(i)4.2(s)-394.1(t)4.2(h)-0.9(at)-388.1(of)-388.2(mi)4.2(ni)4.2(mi)4.2(zi)4.2(ng)-393.3(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)-394.2(p)-0.9(ressure)-380.4(drop)-386.4(t)4.2(h)-0.9(rough)-386.4(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)-394.2(t)4.2(ower.)-388.6(T)-0.1(he)-387.3(pri)4.2(n)-0.9(ci)4.2(pal)]TJ T* [(el)4.2(ement)4.2(s)-284(of)-291.8(pressure)-284.1(drop)-290(are)-297.8(s)-1.8(hown)-283.1(a)]TJ 15.6032 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(t)-292.2(t)3.8(he)-291.4(ri)3.8(ght)-299.1(of)-285.3(t)3.8(h)-1.3(e)-298.2(d)-1.3(i)3.8(a)-2.3(gram.)-285.8(I)3.7(mport)3.8(a)-2.3(nt)]TJ -15.6032 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(o)-571.8(ef)25.2(ci)4.6(e)-1.5(ncy)-564.9(o)-0.5(f)-566.7(a)-1.5(bsorpt)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-564.9(a)-1.5(nd)-564.9(pressure)-565.9(drop)-564.9(i)4.6(s)-572.7(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-572.8(t)4.6(ype)-572.8(of)-566.7(packi)4.6(n)-0.5(g)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(used.)-498(A)1.5(s)-510.4(s)-1.1(hown)-502.7(b)-0.2(y)-509.6(F)0.7(i)4.9(g)-0.2(.)-332.8(2)6.6(,)-511.8(over)-504.5(t)4.9(he)-510.5(years)-510.4(numerous)-496.7(t)4.9(ypes)-510.4(o)-0.2(f)-504.5(p)-0.2(acki)4.9(n)-0.2(g)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(\()5.5(m)3.2(ost)5.6(l)5.6(y)-302.4(cer)5.5(ami)5.6(c)-0.5(\))-297.3(h)0.5(ave)-289.6(b)0.5(een)-295.5(devel)5.6(oped)-281.7(t)5.6(o)-302.4(m)3.2(eet)-297.3(a)-303.3(w)2.2(i)5.6(d)0.5(e)-296.4(v)0.5(ar)5.5(i)5.6(e)-0.5(t)5.6(y)-302.4(of)-297.3(oper)5.5(a)-0.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(paramet)4.8(e)-1.3(rs.)-277.9(A)-287.7(maj)4.8(o)-0.3(r)-291.2(obj)4.8(ect)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-283.5(i)4.8(s)-290.3(t)4.8(hat)-284.3(o)-0.3(f)-291.2(p)-0.3(rovi)4.8(di)4.8(ng)-282.5(as)-290.3(much)-282.5(cont)4.8(act)-277.4(surface)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(as)-228.6(i)4.5(s)-228.6(possi)4.5(bl)4.5(e)-221.8(w)1.1(i)4.5(t)4.5(h)-234.7(a)-228.7(m)2.1(i)4.5(n)-0.6(i)4.5(m)2.1(um)-225.1(of)-229.6(pressure)-221.8(drop.)-223.1(Where)-221.8(c)-1.6(orrosi)4.5(on)-227.8(condi)4.5(t)4.5(i)4.5(ons)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(per)5.3(m)3(i)5.4(t)5.4(,)-490.6(met)5.4(a)-0.7(l)-483.3(p)0.3(acki)5.4(n)0.3(g)-474.7(s)-0.6(omet)5.4(i)5.4(m)3(es)-482.4(can)-481.5(be)-482.5(used.)-476.9(O)2(f)-483.4(t)5.4(he)-489.4(packi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-474.7(d)0.3(esi)5.4(gns)]TJ T* 0.0006 Tc [(illustrated,)-513.4(the)-505.2(b)-1.8(erl)-512.9(s)-2.7(addles)-491.4(range)-505.2(in)]TJ 16.0368 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(size)-505(from)-508.3(ovrtextstyle1over4)-497.2(inch)]TJ -16.0368 -1.1426 TD -0.0023 Tc [(\(6)-424.6(millime)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(r)0.3(s)-5.6(\))-426.4(u)-4.7(p)-424.6(to)-424.6(2)-424.6(i)0.4(n)-4.7(c)-5.7(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-411.7(\()0.3(5)-424.6(c)-5.7(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(time)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(r)0.3(s)-5.6(\))0.3(;)-419.5(r)0.3(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(c)-5.7(h)-4.7(ig)-410.8(rin)-4.7(g)-4.7(s)-425.5(ra)-5.7(n)-4.7(g)-4.7(e)-418.6(fro)-4.7(m)]TJ T* 0.0003 Tc [(ovrtextstyle1over4)-422(inch)-435.8(\(6)-442.6(millimeter)]TJ 15.5274 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(s\))-443.6(up)-441.7(to)-441.7(4)-434.9(i)3.9(nches)-428.8(\()3.8(10)-441.7(centimeters\);)]TJ -15.5274 -1.1425 TD 0.0016 Tc [(l)4.3(e)-1.8(ssi)4.3(ng)-565.2(ri)4.3(ngs)-579.9(range)-573.1(from)-576.3(1)-572.1(i)4.3(n)-0.8(ch)-572.1(\(2.5)-579(cent)4.3(i)4.3(m)1.9(et)4.3(ers\))-567(up)-579(t)4.3(o)-579(2)-572.1(i)4.3(nches)-566.1(\()4.2(5)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(c)-5.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(time)-5.8(t)0.3(e)-5.8(r)0.2(s)-5.7(\))0.2(;)-220(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(r)0.2(titio)-4.8(n)-238.9(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-218.2(s)-5.7(p)-4.8(ira)-5.8(l)-226.8(rin)-4.8(g)-4.8(s)-232.8(ra)-5.8(n)-4.8(g)-4.8(e)-219.1(fro)-4.8(m)-229.3(3)-232(in)-4.8(c)-5.8(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-219.1(\(7)-4.8(.5)-232(c)-5.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(time)-5.8(t)0.3(e)-5.8(r)0.2(s)-5.7(\))]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(up)-330.5(t)5(o)-330.5(6)-330.5(i)5(nches)-324.5(\()4.9(15)-330.5(cent)5(i)5(m)2.6(et)5(ers\).)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc [(In)-620.1(operat)4.5(i)4.5(on,)-601.7(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-614.1(a)-1.6(bsorbi)4.5(ng)-606.3(l)4.5(i)4.5(qui)4.5(d)-620.1(i)4.5(s)-614.1(pumped)-606.3(i)4.5(nt)4.5(o)-620.1(t)4.5(he)-614.2(t)4.5(o)-0.6(p)-613.2(o)-0.6(f)-615(t)4.5(he)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0016 Tc [(col)4.3(u)-0.8(mn)-468.9(where)-462.9(i)4.3(t)-477.5(i)4.3(s)-469.7(d)-0.8(i)4.3(s)-1.7(t)4.3(r)4.2(i)4.3(but)4.3(ed)-475.8(by)-468.9(means)-462.9(o)-0.8(f)-470.7(a)-469.8(wei)4.3(r)-470.7(t)4.3(o)-468.9(provi)4.3(de)-469.8(uni)4.3(form)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(di)4.7(st)4.7(ri)4.7(but)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-420.3(o)-0.4(f)-422.1(t)4.7(he)-421.2(l)4.7(i)4.7(qui)4.7(d)-420.3(over)-415.2(t)4.7(he)-421.2(underl)4.7(yi)4.7(ng)-413.4(packi)4.7(ng.)-408.7(Gas)-414.3(e)-1.4(nt)4.7(ers)-414.3(a)-1.4(t)-422(t)4.7(he)]TJ T* [(base)-565.8(of)-566.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-572.7(t)4.7(ower)-566.6(and)-564.8()0.5(ows)-565.7(upward)-564.8(\()4.6(count)4.7(ercurrent)-559.7(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-578.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-572.6(l)4.7(i)4.7(qui)4.7(d\))]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(and)-468.2(out)-476.8(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-476(t)5(op)-475.1(of)-476.9(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-476(t)5(ower.)-477.3(T)0.7(he)-469.1(l)5(i)5(qui)5(d)-481.9(m)2.6(ay)-475.1(or)-470(may)-475.1(not)-469.9(be)-476(recycl)5(ed)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(wi)4.9(t)4.9(hout)-311.7(regenerat)4.9(i)4.9(on,)-305.3(dependi)4.9(ng)-303.1(upon)-310(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-317.8(s)-1.1(t)4.9(r)4.8(engt)4.9(h)-310(o)-0.2(f)-318.7(t)4.9(he)-317.8(absorbent)-298(v)-0.2(ersus)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(th)-4.8(e)-460(q)-4.8(u)-4.8(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(tity)-459.1(o)-4.8(f)-454(ma)-5.8(te)-5.8(ria)-5.8(l)-460.9(\(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(c)-5.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(tra)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-4.8(\))-447.2(in)-459.1(th)-4.8(e)-460(g)-4.8(a)-5.8(s)-453.1(to)-466(b)-4.8(e)-453.2(re)-5.8(mo)-4.8(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(d)-4.8(.)-447.6(In)-466(a)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(cont)5.4(i)5.4(nuous)-337.9(oper)5.3(a)-0.7(t)5.4(i)5.4(on,)-339.2(of)-345.7(cour)5.3(se,)-339.2(a)-344.8(poi)5.4(nt)-345.6(i)5.4(s)-351.6(r)5.3(eached)-337(wher)5.3(e)-344.8(f)5.3(r)5.3(e)-0.7(sh)-343.9(absor)5.3(b)0.3(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(l)5.3(i)5.3(qui)5.3(d)-337.1(m)2.9(ust)-325.1(b)0.2(e)-324.3(a)-0.8(dded.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1563 TD 0.0017 Tc [(It)-381(i)4.4(s)-387.1(i)4.4(n)-0.7(t)4.4(e)-1.7(rest)4.4(i)4.4(n)-0.7(g)-379.3(t)4.4(o)-386.2(not)4.4(e)-380.2(t)4.4(hat)-374.2(over)-374.2(100,000)-372.4(of)-381.1(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 217.92 376.035 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj ET q 3.06 0 0 -0.42 217.914 374.9011 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 217.92 369.375 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 222.18 372.495 Tm -0.0021 Tc [(-in)-4.5(c)-5.5(h)-383.1(\()0.5(6)-4.5(-)0.5(millime)-5.5(t)0.6(e)-5.5(r)0.5(\))]TJ -22.1834 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(si)5.5(ze)-392.9(packi)5.5(n)0.4(g)-378.2(s)-0.5(hapes)-386(w)2.1(i)5.5(l)5.5(l)-393.7(be)-392.9(cont)5.5(ai)5.5(ned)-385.1(i)5.5(n)-398.8(each)-385.1(cubi)5.5(c)-386(f)5.4(oot)-393.7(\()5.4(0)0.4(.)5(02832)-385.1(cubi)5.5(c)]TJ T* -0.002 Tc [(me)-5.4(te)-5.4(r\))-336.6(o)-4.4(f)-329.7(to)-4.4(we)-5.4(r)-329.7(s)-5.3(p)-4.4(a)-5.4(c)-5.4(e)-322(if)-343.5(d)-4.4(e)-5.4(n)-4.4(s)-5.3(e)-322(p)-4.4(a)-5.4(c)-5.4(k)-4.4(in)-4.4(g)-321(i)0.7(s)-342.6(d)-4.4(e)-5.4(s)-5.3(ire)-5.4(d)-4.4(.)]TJ ET /GS2 gs q 167.571 0 0 238.1985 74.8846 93.8407 cm /Im2 Do Q BT /F7 1 Tf 6.45 0 0 6.45 79.0748 318.2894 Tm 0 Tc (Liquid)Tj 0.945 -1.1667 TD (in)Tj -1.114 -30.7096 TD (Liquid)Tj 0.639 -1.1667 TD (out)Tj 0.5304 6.6068 TD [(Suppor)-40(t)]TJ 0 -1.1667 TD [(g)10(r)-15(illage)]TJ -0.8066 10.6584 TD [(P)40(a)0(c)20(king)]TJ 13.0071 -12.3333 TD (Gas)Tj 0.528 -1.1667 TD (in)Tj -0.8099 30.4445 TD (Gas)Tj 0.222 -1.1667 TD (out)Tj /F8 1 Tf 6.702 0.4479 TD ()Tj /F7 1 Tf 0.612 0 TD (P)Tj 0.667 -0.3333 TD (\(piping\))Tj 3.3339 -0.3333 TD (out)Tj /F8 1 Tf -5.2183 -28.2812 TD ()Tj /F7 1 Tf 0.612 0 TD (P)Tj 0.667 -0.3333 TD (\(piping\))Tj 3.4339 -0.3333 TD (in)Tj /F8 1 Tf -4.7129 23.1667 TD ()Tj /F7 1 Tf 0.612 0 TD (P)Tj 0.667 -0.3333 TD [(e)30(xit)]TJ /F8 1 Tf -1.279 -19.1312 TD ()Tj /F7 1 Tf 0.612 0 TD (P)Tj 0.667 -0.3333 TD [(entr)-30(y)]TJ /F8 1 Tf -1.2789 11.7979 TD ()Tj /F7 1 Tf 0.612 0 TD (P)Tj 0.667 -0.3333 TD [(pac)20(king)]TJ -0.9614 -1.1667 TD [(\(intr)-15(insic\))]TJ /F8 1 Tf -0.3175 12.1667 TD ()Tj /F7 1 Tf 0.612 0 TD (P)Tj 0.667 -0.3333 TD [(distr)-15(ib)20(utor)]TJ -10.9811 -0.9331 TD [(V)80(-)0(w)10(eir)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 64.74 77.7151 Tm /GS1 gs -0.0008 Tc [(Fig.)-338(1.)-1000.5(Section)-336.4(o)2.3(f)-337.8(r)1(epresentative)-339.7(p)2.3(acked)-344(absorption)-344(t)-1.3(ower)]TJ ET /GS2 gs q 257.9625 0 0 163.8473 312.2875 613.2698 cm /Im3 Do Q BT /F7 1 Tf 7.8189 0 0 7.8189 311.9731 708.8232 Tm 0 Tc [(Pr)-30(ym tr)-15(iangular pac)20(king)]TJ 0.936 -11.7015 TD [(Hollo)15(w ball pac)20(king)]TJ 12.8125 11.7015 TD [(Divided r)-15(ings)]TJ 7.8189 0 0 8.2685 507.9833 708.9243 Tm [(Raschig r)-15(ings)]TJ -11.3309 -11.0652 TD [(P)40(a)0(r)-40(tition r)-15(ings)-6027.5(Ber)-15(l saddle)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 354.9 597.135 Tm /GS1 gs -0.0016 Tc [(Fig.)-338.8(2.)-1001.3(T)67.4(ypes)-342.8(o)1.5(f)-338.6(p)1.5(acking)-344.8(u)1.5(s)-4.1(e)-1.8(d)-337.2(i)-2.1(n)-329.7(a)-1.8(bs)-4.1(orption)-344.8(t)-2.1(owers)]TJ 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.72 570.915 Tm -0.0024 Tc [(In)-603.6(th)-4.8(e)-597.7(p)-4.8(u)-4.8(r)0.2(ic)-5.8(a)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-596.8(o)-4.8(f)-598.6(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(t)0.3(u)-4.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(l)-591.6(g)-4.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(,)-592.1(th)-4.8(e)-597.7(g)-4.8(a)-5.8(s)-597.6(is)-604.5(fe)-5.8(d)-596.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(t)0.3(o)-603.6(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-597.7(b)-4.8(o)-4.8(tto)-4.8(m)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(of)-649.1(an)-654.2(absorpt)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-640.4(t)4.8(ower)-649.1(where)-655.1(t)4.8(he)-655.1(gas)-648.2(i)4.8(s)-655.1(c)-1.3(ont)4.8(act)4.8(ed)-640.4(count)4.8(ercurrent)4.8(l)4.8(y)]TJ T* [(by)-523.4(a)-531.3(l)4.8(ean)-523.4(absorpt)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-523.4(o)-0.3(i)4.8(l)4.8(.)-532.5(Hydrochl)4.8(ori)4.8(c)-524.4(aci)4.8(d)-523.4(i)4.8(s)-538.1(p)-0.3(roduced)-509.7(by)-530.3(absorbi)4.8(n)-0.3(g)]TJ T* 0.0016 Tc [(gaseous)-641.8(hydrogen)-647.8(c)-1.8(hl)4.3(ori)4.3(d)-0.8(e)-655.6(i)4.3(n)-661.6(w)0.9(at)4.3(er,)-663.8(u)-0.8(sual)4.3(l)4.3(y)-654.7(i)4.3(n)-661.6(a)-655.6(s)-1.7(pray-t)4.3(ype)-655.7(t)4.3(o)-0.8(wer.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Unr)5.2(eact)5.3(ed)-371.5(ammoni)5.3(a)-372.5(i)5.3(n)-385.3(t)5.3(he)-386.2(manuf)5.2(act)5.3(ur)5.2(e)-372.4(o)0.2(f)-373.3(hydr)5.2(ogen)-371.5(c)-0.8(yani)5.3(de)-372.5(i)5.3(s)-386.2(absor)5.2(b)0.2(ed)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(i)4.5(n)-599.4(di)4.5(l)4.5(u)-0.6(t)4.5(e)-607.3(sul)4.5(f)4.4(uri)4.5(c)-600.4(aci)4.5(d.)-594.8(In)-599.4(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-600.4(p)-0.6(roduct)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-592.6(o)-0.6(f)-601.3(n)-0.6(i)4.5(t)4.5(r)4.4(i)4.5(c)-607.3(aci)4.5(d,)-594.8(ammoni)4.5(a)-593.5(i)4.5(s)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(cat)5.1(al)5.1(yt)5.1(i)5.1(cal)5.1(l)5.1(y)-502.5(oxi)5.1(di)5.1(zed)-502.5(and)-502.5(t)5.1(he)-510.3(gaseous)-489.6(product)5.1(s)-496.5(are)-510.3(a)-1(bsorbed)-495.6(i)5.1(n)-509.4(w)1.7(at)5.1(er.)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(The)-496.7(e)-1.2(t)4.9(h)-0.2(anol)4.9(ami)4.9(n)-0.2(es)-482.9(are)-496.7(w)1.5(i)4.9(d)-0.2(el)4.9(y)-495.8(u)-0.2(sed)-488.9(i)4.9(n)-502.7(s)-1.1(crubbi)4.9(ng)-488.9(gases)-489.8(f)4.8(or)-497.6(removal)-490.7(o)-0.2(f)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(aci)5(d)-406.2(c)-1.1(ompounds.)-394.7(H)1.6(ydrocarbon)-392.5(gases)-400.2(c)-1.1(ont)5(ai)5(ni)5(ng)-406.2(hydrogen)-399.3(s)-1(ul)5(de)-407.2(can)-406.2(be)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(scrubbed)-206.9(w)1.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(h)-227.6(monoet)4.7(h)-0.4(anol)4.7(ami)4.7(n)-0.4(e,)-202.3(whi)4.7(c)-1.4(h)-220.7(c)-1.4(ombi)4.7(nes)-214.7(w)1.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(h)-227.6(i)4.7(t)-229.3(by)-220.7(sal)4.7(t)-222.4(format)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(and)-488.7(e)-1(f)25.7(f)5(ect)5.1(i)5.1(v)0(el)5.1(y)-502.5(r)5(emoves)-489.6(i)5.1(t)-497.4(from)-499.8(t)5.1(he)-496.5(gas)-496.5(s)-0.9(t)5.1(r)5(eam.)-490.9(I)5(n)-502.5(p)0(l)5.1(a)-1(nt)5.1(s)-496.5(s)-0.9(ynt)5.1(hesi)5.1(zi)5.1(ng)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(ammoni)4.8(a,)-463.7(hydrogen)-461.5(a)-1.3(nd)-468.4(carbon)-468.4(di)4.8(oxi)]TJ 15.8785 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(de)-469.6(are)-476.5(f)4.4(ormed.)-470.9(The)-469.6(hydrogen)-461.8(can)]TJ -15.8785 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(be)-338.6(obt)4.7(ai)4.7(ned)-337.7(b)-0.4(y)-337.7(c)-1.4(ount)4.7(ercurrent)4.7(l)4.7(y)-330.8(scrubbi)4.7(ng)-330.8(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-345.5(g)-0.4(as)-338.6(mi)4.7(xt)4.7(ure)-345.5(i)4.7(n)-344.6(a)-338.6(packed)-330.8(or)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(r)4.8(ay)-447.6(col)4.9(u)-0.2(mn)-440.7(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-454.5(monoet)4.9(h)-0.2(anol)4.9(ami)4.9(n)-0.2(e)-427.9(w)1.5(hi)4.9(ch)-440.7(absorbs)-434.7(t)4.9(he)-448.6(carbon)-440.7(di)4.9(oxi)4.9(de.)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(The)-600.1(l)4.8(at)4.8(t)4.8(e)-1.3(r)-601(can)-592.3(be)-600.1(recovered)-592.3(b)-0.3(y)-599.1(h)-0.3(eat)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-592.3(t)4.8(he)-607(monoet)4.8(h)-0.3(anol)4.8(ami)4.8(n)-0.3(e.)-580.7(In)-599.1(a)]TJ T* [(nonl)4.8(i)4.8(qui)4.8(d)-502.8(s)-1.2(yst)4.8(e)-1.3(m,)-498.1(sul)4.8(f)4.7(ur)-504.6(di)4.8(oxi)4.8(de)-503.7(can)-495.9(be)-510.6(absorbed)-489(by)-502.8(dry)-509.7(c)-1.3(upri)4.8(c)-503.7(oxi)4.8(de)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(on)-419.6(act)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(at)5.4(ed)-412.7(al)5.4(umi)5.4(n)0.3(a,)-414.9(t)5.4(hus)-413.6(avoi)5.4(di)5.4(ng)-412.7(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-420.5(d)0.3(i)5.4(s)-0.6(advant)5.4(ages)-399.8(of)-421.4(a)-420.5(w)2(et)-414.5(process.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Sul)4.6(f)4.5(uri)4.6(c)-607.2(aci)4.6(d)-599.3(i)4.6(s)-607.1(p)-0.5(roduced)-592.5(by)-606.2(absorbi)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-592.5(s)-1.4(ul)4.6(fur)-601.2(t)4.6(ri)4.6(oxi)4.6(de)-607.2(i)4.6(n)-606.2(weak)-599.3(aci)4.6(d)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0006 Tc [(or)-327.1(wat)3.3(e)-2.8(r.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-229.1(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.6203 0 TD 0.002 Tc (Coal)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.0029 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5093 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (Ethanolamines)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.4009 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(Chr)18.7(o)-1(matography)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.4471 0 TD 0.2176 Tc [(;a)214.2(n)215.2(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.1749 0 TD -0.0012 Tc [(Po)-3.6(llutio)-3.6(n)-236.7(\(Air)-4.6(\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.2289 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -19.1132 -2.0924 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-333.4(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 308.76 349.215 Tm 0.0004 Tc [(Felder,)-332.4(T)-2.5(.D.)-588.9(a)1.5(nd)-595.3(E.L.)-332.4(Garrett:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 13.3584 0 TD -0.0012 Tc [(P)-4.1(r)38.1(ocess)-536.9(T)88.5(echnology)-536.3(Systems,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.7678 0 TD [(P)-4.7(e)-0.2(arson)-596.9(E)-4.1(ducation,)]TJ -25.1237 -1.1656 TD -0.0017 Tc [(Boston,)-334.5(MA,)-342.3(2002.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0006 Tc [(Geankoplis,)-341.2(C)-1.9(.J.)-597.6(a)0.5(nd)-604.1(P)-4.1(.)0.7(R.)-333.4(T)66.4(o)2.1(liver:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 15.138 0 TD -0.0015 Tc [(T)49.4(r)-1.1(ansport)-539.5(P)-4.4(r)37.8(o)1.2(cesses)-545(and)-535(Separation)-542.8(P)-4.4(r)37.8(o)1.1(cess)]TJ -14.1355 -1.1656 TD -0.0006 Tc [(P)-3.5(r)-0.1(inciples)-466.4(\(Includes)-482(U)-1.3(nit)-476.4(O)-1.3(perations\),)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 16.6455 0 TD -0.0003 Tc [(4th)-533.8(E)-3.2(dition,)-527.4(Prentice)-535.4(H)-1(all)-530.5(P)-3.8(rofessional)]TJ -16.6455 -1.1579 TD -0.0011 Tc [(T)65.9(e)0(chnical)-337(R)-2.4(eference,)-333.9(Upper)-344.2(S)-4.6(addle)-334.2(R)-2.4(iver,)-333.9(N)-1.8(J,)-333.9(2003.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1656 TD -0.0006 Tc [(Thomas,)-341.2(W)3.1(.J.)-675.3(a)0.4(nd)-674(B.)-333.4(Crittenden:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 14.8504 0 TD -0.0014 Tc [(A)-4.3(d)1.3(sorption)-604.9(T)88.3(echnology)-606.5(and)-604.9(Design,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 16.0627 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(Elsev)2.8(i)-1.5(er)]TJ -29.9107 -1.1656 TD -0.0014 Tc [(S)-4.9(c)-0.3(ience)-334.5(&)-334.7(T)65.6(e)-0.4(chnology)-340.7(Books,)-342(N)-2.1(ew)-336.3(Y)98.9(o)1.3(rk,)-342(NY,)-334.2(2000.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Y)98.7(a)-0.5(ng,)-342.2(R.T)-4.5(.)-0.3(:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 5.3154 0 TD -0.0009 Tc [(Gas)-552.2(S)1.8(eparation)-557.8(b)1.8(y)-551.6(A)-3.8(dsorption)-557.8(P)-3.8(r)38.4(o)1.8(cesses,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 18.4096 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [(V)131.8(o)3(l.)-620(1,)-612.2(W)81.8(o)3.1(rld)-618.6(S)-3.1(cientic)]TJ -22.7225 -1.1656 TD -0.0014 Tc [(P)-4.9(ublishing)-332.9(Company,)-349.8(Inc.,)-334.2(R)-2.7(iveredge,)-342(N)-2.1(J,)-334.2(2000.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 257.175 Tm 0.0008 Tc [(ABSORPTION)-364.7(SPECTROSCOPY.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 16.3465 0 TD 0.0019 Tc [(An)-372.2(i)4.6(m)2.2(port)4.6(a)-1.5(nt)-367.1(t)4.6(echni)4.6(que)-359.4(of)-374(i)4.6(n)-0.5(st)4.6(ru-)]TJ -16.3465 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(ment)5.1(al)-277.1(anal)5.1(ysi)5.1(s)-276.2(i)5.1(nvol)5.1(vi)5.1(ng)-282.2(measurement)-263.3(o)0(f)-284(t)5.1(he)-283.2(absorpt)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-275.3(o)0(f)-284(r)5(adi)5.1(a)-1(nt)-277.1(ener)25.7(gy)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(by)-413.1(a)-420.9(s)-1(ubst)5(a)-1.1(nce)-400.3(a)-1.1(s)-414(a)-420.9(funct)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-420(o)-0.1(f)-414.9(t)5(he)-420.9(ener)25.6(gy)-413.1(i)5(n)-0.1(ci)5(dent)-408(upon)-413.1(i)5(t)5(.)-422.2(Adsorpt)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(processes)-448.8(o)-0.5(ccur)-463.5(t)4.6(hroughout)-463.4(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-469.5(e)-1.5(l)4.6(ect)4.6(romagnet)4.6(i)4.6(c)-462.6(spect)4.6(rum,)-463.9(rangi)4.6(ng)-468.6(from)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 1.6725 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.115 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(regi)4.9(on)-454.5(\(nucl)4.9(ear)-442.6(resonance)-427.9(a)-1.2(bsorpt)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-447.6(o)-0.2(f)-449.4(t)4.9(he)-448.6(Mossbauer)-435.7(ef)25.5(fect)4.9(\))-449.5(t)4.9(o)]TJ -2.7875 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-406.6(r)5.5(adi)5.6(o)-398.7(r)5.5(e)-0.5(gi)5.6(on)-405.6(\()5.5(nucl)5.6(ear)-393.7(magnet)5.6(i)5.6(c)-399.7(r)5.5(e)-0.5(sonance\))5.5(.)-380.3(I)5.5(n)-412.5(p)0.5(r)5.5(act)5.6(i)5.6(ce,)-394.1(t)5.6(h)0.5(ey)-398.7(ar)5.5(e)-406.6(l)5.6(i)5.6(m)3.2(-)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(t)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-310.2(t)4.7(o)-303.3(t)4.7(hose)-304.2(p)-0.4(rocesses)-283.5(t)4.7(hat)-305(a)-1.4(re)-304.2(fol)4.7(l)4.7(o)-0.4(wed)-303.3(b)-0.4(y)-310.2(t)4.7(he)-304.2(emi)4.7(ssi)4.7(on)-296.4(of)-305.1(radi)4.7(ant)-298.2(e)-1.4(ner)25.3(g)-0.4(y)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(of)-359.2(gr)5.6(eat)5.7(er)-352.3(i)5.7(n)0.6(t)5.7(e)-0.4(nsi)5.7(t)5.7(y)-364.2(t)5.7(h)0.6(an)-357.3(t)5.7(h)0.6(at)-359.1(whi)5.7(c)-0.4(h)-357.3(w)2.3(as)-358.2(absor)5.6(b)0.6(ed.)-345.8(A)2.3(l)5.7(l)-366(absor)5.6(p)0.6(t)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)-350.5(p)0.6(r)5.6(o)0.6(cess)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(i)5.3(nvol)5.3(ve)-296.7(absorpt)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-295.8(o)0.2(f)-297.6(a)-296.7(phot)5.3(on)-295.8(by)-302.7(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-296.7(s)-0.7(ubst)5.3(a)-0.8(nce)-289.9(b)0.2(ei)5.3(ng)-295.8(anal)5.3(yzed.)-277.4(I)5.2(f)-304.5(i)5.3(t)-304.4(l)5.3(oses)]TJ T* 0.0011 Tc [(the)-339.5(e)-2.3(xcess)-318.8(e)-2.3(ner)24.4(g)-1.3(y)-331.7(b)-1.3(y)-338.6(e)-2.3(mitting)-345.5(a)-339.5(photon)-331.7(of)]TJ 17.6405 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(less)-331.6(ener)25.4(gy)-330.7(than)-337.6(that)-332.5(absorbed,)]TJ -17.6405 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(uorescence)-235(or)-249.6(phosphorescence)-228.1(i)5.1(s)-255.6(sai)5.1(d)-254.7(t)5.1(o)-261.6(occur,)-250(dependi)5.1(ng)-240.9(on)-254.7(t)5.1(h)0(e)-255.6(l)5.1(i)5.1(f)5(et)5.1(i)5.1(m)2.7(e)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(o)-5.1(f)-330.4(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(e)-6.1(x)-5.1(c)-6.1(ite)-6.1(d)-328.6(s)-6(ta)-6.1(te)-6.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Th)-4(e)-328.5(e)-5(mitte)-5(d)-334.4(e)-5(n)-4(e)-5(r)21.7(g)-4(y)-327.5(i)1.1(s)-335.3(n)-4(o)-4(r)1(ma)-5(lly)-334.4(s)-4.9(t)1.1(u)-4(d)-4(i)1.1(e)-5(d)-4(.)-329.8(I)1(f)-336.2(t)1.1(h)-4(e)-335.4(s)-4.9(o)-4(u)-4(r)1(c)-5(e)-321.6(o)-4(f)-336.2(ra)-5(d)-4(i)1.1(a)-5(n)-4(t)-322.4(e)-5(n)-4(e)-5(r)21.7(g)-4(y)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(and)-309.2(t)5.7(he)-317(absor)5.6(b)0.6(i)5.7(n)0.6(g)-302.3(s)-0.3(peci)5.7(es)-303.2(ar)5.6(e)-317(i)5.7(n)-316(i)5.7(dent)5.7(i)5.7(cal)-310.9(ener)26.3(gy)-309.2(st)5.7(at)5.7(es)-310(\()5.6(i)5.7(n)-322.9(r)5.6(esonance\))5.6(,)-290.7(t)5.7(he)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc 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[(r)5.6(e)-0.4(veal)-421(t)5.7(h)0.6(at)-421(cer)5.6(t)5.7(a)-0.4(i)5.7(n)-433.1(f)5.6(r)5.6(e)-0.4(quency)-412.4(r)5.6(anges)-420.2(a)-0.4(r)5.6(e)-427.1(absor)5.6(b)0.6(ed)-419.3(t)5.7(o)-426.2(a)-434(d)0.6(egr)5.6(e)-0.4(e)-420.2(out)-421(of)-428(al)5.7(l)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(pr)5.5(opor)5.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-281.7(t)5.6(o)-288.6(t)5.6(he)-289.6(adj)5.6(acent)-269.7(r)5.5(egi)5.6(ons;)-276.6(t)5.6(hat)-283.5(i)5.6(s,)-284(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-288.6(a)-289.6(d)0.5(i)5.6(s)-0.4(t)5.6(i)5.6(n)0.5(ct)-283.5(sel)5.6(ect)5.6(i)5.6(v)0.5(i)5.6(t)5.6(y)0.5(.)-277.1(T)1.3(hese)]TJ T* 0.0011 Tc [(abnormally)-421.2(absorbed)-414.3(freque)]TJ 11.5836 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(ncies)-415.6(c)-2.7(onstitute,)-416.9(c)-2.7(ollec)]TJ 9.4362 0 TD [(tively,)-423.8(the)-422.5(absorption)]TJ -21.0199 -1.1288 TD 0.0025 Tc [(spect)5.2(r)5.1(u)0.1(m)-558.4(of)-559.3(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-565.3(m)2.8(edi)5.2(u)0.1(m,)-566.6(and)-557.4(a)-0.9(ppear)-552.4(as)-558.3(dar)5.1(k)-564.3(l)5.2(i)5.2(n)0.1(es)-565.2(or)-566.1(bands)-551.4(i)5.2(n)-571.2(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0012 Tc [(otherwise)-367(c)-2.2(ontinuous)-360(spectrum)-363.3(o)-1.2(f)-367.8(t)3.9(he)]TJ 15.8647 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(transmitted)-373.2(light.)-375.4(T)-0.7(he)-367.3(phenomenon)]TJ -15.8647 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(s)-283.1(not)-270.2(conned)-261.6(t)5.1(o)-282.2(t)5.1(he)-276.3(vi)5.1(si)5.1(bl)5.1(e)-283.2(r)5(ange,)-263.8(but)-277.1(may)-275.4(b)0(e)-276.3(f)5(ound)-275.4(t)5.1(o)-275.4(ext)5.1(e)-1(nd)-268.5(t)5.1(h)0(roughout)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-370.9(s)-6(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)0(ru)-5.1(m)-360.4(fro)-5.1(m)-374.1(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-364(fa)-6.1(r)-371.7(i)0(n)-5.1(fra)-6.1(re)-6.1(d)-369.9(t)0(o)-369.9(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-370.9(e)-6.1(x)-5.1(tre)-6.1(m)-2.4(e)-370.9(u)-5.1(ltra)-6.1(v)-5.1(io)-5.1(le)-6.1(t)-364.8(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-363(in)-5.1(to)-376.8(th)-5.1(e)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(x-ray)-331.3(r)4.1(egi)4.2(on.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(A)-293.8(s)-0.5(t)5.5(udy)-295.6(of)-290.5(such)-288.7(spect)5.5(r)5.4(a)-289.7(shows)-289.6(t)5.5(hat)-290.5(t)5.5(he)-296.5(l)5.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(es)-296.5(or)-297.4(bands)-282.7(t)5.5(h)0.4(er)5.4(ei)5.5(n)-295.6(accur)5.4(a)-0.6(t)5.5(e)-0.6(l)5.5(y)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(coi)4.8(n)-0.3(ci)4.8(de)-262.8(i)4.8(n)-275.7(frequency)-261.9(w)1.4(i)4.8(t)4.8(h)-275.7(cert)4.8(a)-1.3(i)4.8(n)-268.8(l)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(es)-269.6(or)-270.6(bands)-262.8(of)-270.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-269.7(e)-1.3(mi)4.8(ssi)4.8(on)-268.8(spect)4.8(ra)-262.8(of)]TJ T* [(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-221.5(s)-1.2(ame)-221.5(s)-1.2(ubst)4.8(a)-1.3(nces.)-202.2(T)0.5(hi)4.8(s)-221.5(w)1.4(as)-221.5(formerl)4.8(y)-227.5(at)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(but)4.8(ed)-227.5(t)4.8(o)-227.5(resonance)-200.9(o)-0.3(f)-222.4(e)-1.3(l)4.8(ect)4.8(roni)4.8(c)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(vi)4.5(brat)4.5(i)4.5(ons,)-457.1(but)-463.5(i)4.5(s)-469.5(now)-460(more)-462.7(sat)4.5(i)4.5(s)-1.5(fact)4.5(ori)4.5(l)4.5(y)-468.7(expl)4.5(ai)4.5(ned)-448(b)-0.6(y)-468.7(quant)4.5(um)-452.2(t)4.5(h)-0.6(eory)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0024 Tc [(on)-426.8(t)5.1(h)0(e)-427.7(a)-1(ssumpt)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-413(t)5.1(hat)-428.5(t)5.1(hose)-420.8(quant)5.1(a)-420.8(o)0(f)-421.7(t)5.1(he)-427.7(i)5.1(n)0(ci)5.1(dent)-421.6(radi)5.1(at)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-426.8(w)1.7(hi)5.1(ch)-426.8(are)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(absorbed)-413.3(are)-421.1(a)-1.3(bl)4.8(e)-421.1(t)4.8(o)-427.1(e)-1.3(xci)4.8(t)4.8(e)-421.1(at)4.8(oms)-421.1(o)-0.3(r)-422(m)2.4(ol)4.8(ecul)4.8(e)-1.3(s)-414.2(o)-0.3(f)-428.9(t)4.8(he)-421.1(medi)4.8(um)-417.5(t)4.8(o)-427.1(some)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(\(but)-256.6(not)-256.6(al)5(l)5(\))-263.5(of)-256.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-262.6(e)-1.1(ner)25.6(g)-0.1(y)-254.8(l)5(evel)5(s)-255.7(i)5(nvol)5(ved)-254.8(i)5(n)-261.7(t)5(he)-262.6(product)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-254.8(o)-0.1(f)-256.6(t)5(he)-262.6(compl)5(e)-1.1(t)5(e)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(emi)5.1(ssi)5.1(on)-323.5(spect)5.1(r)5(u)0(m.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(A)-264.6(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(r)0.2(y)-259.5(f)0.2(a)-5.8(m)-2.1(ilia)-5.8(r)-261.3(e)-5.8(x)-4.8(a)-5.8(mp)-4.8(le)-253.6(is)-267.3(th)-4.8(e)-260.4(s)-5.7(p)-4.8(e)-5.8(c)-5.8(t)0.3(ru)-4.8(m)-256.8(o)-4.8(f)-261.3(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(n)-4.8(lig)-4.8(h)-4.8(t)0.3(,)-254.8(w)-3.1(h)-4.8(i)0.3(c)-5.8(h)-259.5(is)-260.4(c)-5.8(r)0.2(o)-4.8(s)-5.7(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(d)-252.6(b)-4.8(y)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0017 Tc [(i)4.4(nnumerabl)4.4(e)-283.9(dark)-289.8(l)4.4(i)4.4(n)-0.7(es,)-292(t)4.4(he)-297.6(Fraunhof)]TJ 14.9975 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(er)-276.8(l)5.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(es,)-290.9(m)3.1(uch)-288.7(h)0.4(as)-282.7(been)-288.7(l)5.5(earned)-281.8(a)-0.6(bout)]TJ -14.9975 -1.1357 TD 0.0011 Tc [(the)-353.3(c)-2.3(onstitution)-352.4(o)-1.3(f)-347.3(t)3.8(he)-353.3(sun,)-347.7(stars,)-347.7(an)]TJ 14.7979 0 TD [(d)-345.5(o)-1.3(ther)-347.3(astronomical)-347.2(objects)-346.4(from)-356.6(t)3.8(he)]TJ -14.7979 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Fraunhofer)-319(l)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(es.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(A)-549.3(not)4.7(ewort)4.7(h)-0.4(y)-551.1(c)-1.4(haract)4.7(eri)4.7(s)-1.3(t)4.7(i)4.7(c)-538.2(of)-552.9(sel)4.7(ect)4.7(i)4.7(v)-0.4(e)-545.1(a)-1.4(bsorpt)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-537.3(i)4.7(s)-558.8(f)4.6(ound)-544.2(i)4.7(n)-557.9(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD [(exi)4.7(s)-1.3(t)4.7(e)-1.4(nce)-214.7(o)-0.4(f)-222.5(cert)4.7(a)-1.4(i)4.7(n)-227.6(anomal)4.7(i)4.7(e)-1.4(s)-214.7(i)4.7(n)-227.6(t)4.7(he)-228.5(refract)4.7(i)4.7(v)-0.4(e)-228.5(i)4.7(ndex)-220.7(i)4.7(n)-227.6(t)4.7(he)-228.5(nei)4.7(ghborhood)-206.9(of)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0022 Tc [(absorpt)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-365(frequenci)4.9(e)-1.2(s;)-359.9(di)4.9(scussed)-358.1(under)-360(D)1.5(i)4.9(s)-1.1(persi)4.9(on.)-367.3(See)-366(a)-1.2(l)4.9(s)-1.1(o)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 25.4523 0 TD 0.0012 Tc (Absorption)Tj -25.4523 -1.1357 TD 0.0015 Tc (Band)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.2851 0 TD 0.3277 Tc [(;a)324.3(n)325.3(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3814 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(El)5.1(ect)5(r)19.7(o)0(magnet)5(i)5.1(c)-324.5(Spect)5(rum)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.4941 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -5.2376 -1.8721 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-326.5(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 28.8 376.935 Tm -0.0008 Tc [(Baeyans,)-341.4(W.R.G.,)-527.9(e)0.3(t)-336.7(a)0.3(l.:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 10.6463 0 TD -0.0012 Tc [(L)-4.7(u)1.5(minescence)-474.2(T)88.5(echniques)-467(i)-3(n)-464.8(C)-2.5(hemical)-461.4(and)-472.6(B)-4.1(i)-3(ochemical)]TJ -9.6438 -1.1501 TD -0.0005 Tc [(A)-3.4(nalysis,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.0565 0 TD -0.0008 Tc [(in)-417.8(P)-4.3(r)-2(actical)-422.2(S)-4.3(p)1.9(ectroscopy)-425.5(S)-4.3(e)0.3(ries,)-419.1(V)130.6(ol.)-426.9(12,)-426.9(Marcel)-422.2(Dekker,)-426.9(New)-421.1(Y)99.5(ork,)]TJ -4.0565 -1.1501 TD -0.0014 Tc [(NY,)-334.2(1991.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1501 TD -0.0009 Tc [(Bur)13.5(g)1.8(ess,)-333.7(C.)-287.1(and)-278(D)-1.6(.G.)-341.5(J)-0.5(ones:)-282.4(S)-4.4(p)1.8(ectrophotometry,)-294.9(L)-3.8(uminescence)-295.1(and)-285.8(C)-2.2(olour:)-282.4(S)-4.4(cience)]TJ 1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0011 Tc [(and)-604.6(C)-2.4(ompliance:)-616.8(P)-4.6(a)0(pers)-599(P)-4.6(r)-2.3(esented)-604.6(a)0(t)-609(t)-2.9(he)-606.2(S)-4.6(e)-0.1(cond)-604.6(Joint)-609(M)2(eeting)-612.4(o)1.6(f)-608.4(t)-2.9(he)-606.2(Uv)]TJ 0 -1.1501 TD -0.0008 Tc [(S)-4.3(p)1.9(ectrometry)-332.3(Group)-340.1(of)-336.1(the)-333.9(u)1.9(,)-333.6(E)-3.7(lsevier)-336.1(S)-4.3(cience,)-333.6(L)-3.7(td,)-333.6(N)-1.5(ew)-335.7(Y)99.5(o)1.9(rk,)-333.6(NY,)-333.6(1995.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1501 TD -0.0012 Tc [(E)-4.1(v)1.5(ans,)-341.8(N.J.:)-267.2()-0.1(Impedance)-272.1(S)-4.7(pectroscopy)]TJ 15.9228 0 TD 0.0001 Tc [(Reveals)-263.7(M)3.2(aterials)-263.7(Characteristics,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 14.3686 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(Ad)3.3(v.)-239(Ma)3.3(t.)]TJ -29.289 -1.1579 TD 0.2944 Tc [(&P)291.5(r)333.7(o)297.1(c)295.5(.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.225 0 TD 0 Tc (,)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5906 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (41)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3288 0 TD -0.0014 Tc [(\(November)-344.5(1991\).)]TJ -6.1469 -1.1501 TD -0.0008 Tc [(E)-3.7(w)-1.5(ing,)-333.6(G.W.,)-543.4(E)-3.7(ditor:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 9.4573 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(A)-4(nalytical)-476.9(Instrumentation)-480.2(H)-1.8(andbook)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 15.5965 0 TD -0.0005 Tc [(,)-550.9(2nd)-534(Edition)-534(M)2.6(arcel)]TJ -24.0513 -1.1501 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Dekker,)-333.9(New)-336(Y)99.2(ork,)-341.7(NY,)-333.9(1997.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0004 Tc [(Grant,)-333.2(E)-3.3(.)0.9(R.)-278.8(and)-293(R)-1.7(.G.)-333.2(C)-1.7(ooks:)-289.7()0.6(Mass)-295.2(S)-3.9(p)2.3(ectrometry)-285.3(and)-285.3(I)-1.6(ts)-279.7(Use)-286.9(i)-2.2(n)-285.3(T)66.6(andem)-287(w)-1.1(ith)-277.5(L)-3.3(a)0.7(ser)]TJ 1.0025 -1.1501 TD -0.0012 Tc [(S)-4.7(p)1.5(ectroscopy,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 6.4111 0 TD (Science)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0462 0 TD 0 Tc (,)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5906 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (61)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3366 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(\(October)-336.4(5)1.6(,)-341.7(1990\).)]TJ -12.387 -1.1501 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Robinson,)-342.2(J.W.:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 6.8696 0 TD -0.001 Tc [(A)-3.9(t)-2.8(omic)-303(Spectr)38.3(o)1.7(scopy)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.416 0 TD -0.0006 Tc [(,)-356.7(2nd)-347.6(Edition)-339.9(M)2.5(arcel)-344.3(Dekker,)-349(New)-343.2(Y)99.7(ork,)-341.2(NY,)]TJ -14.2832 -1.1501 TD -0.0027 Tc (1996.)Tj -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0009 Tc [(V)107.2(a)0.2(n)-270.2(G)-1.6(rieken,)-341.5(R)-2.2(.)-271.6(a)0.2(nd)-285.8(A.)-333.7(Markowicz:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 14.9592 0 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Handbook)-257(of)-252(X)-4.5(-)-2.8(R)-4.5(a)1.1(y)-241.4(Spectr)37.7(o)1.1(metry:)-259.2(Methods)-249.8(and)]TJ -13.9568 -1.1501 TD [(T)88.2(echniques)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.4528 0 TD -0.001 Tc [(,)-341.6(M)2.1(arcel)-336.9(Dekker,)-341.6(New)-335.9(Y)99.3(ork,)-341.6(NY,)-333.8(1992.)]TJ -5.4553 -1.1501 TD -0.0004 Tc [(V)107.7(a)0.7(rious:)-468.4()0.7(Application)-471.8(R)-1.7(eviews)-466.2(\(Chemical)-476.2(Instrumentation\))]TJ /F3 1 Tf 25.5589 0 TD -0.0002 Tc [(Analytical)-413.8(Chemistry)]TJ /F1 1 Tf -24.5565 -1.1579 TD -0.0012 Tc [(\(S)-4.7(pecial)-329.3(Issue\),)-341.8(\()-2.4(June)-334.3(15,)-341.8(1991\).)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 207.5551 Tm -0.0005 Tc [(ABS)-511.3(R)-1.2(ESI)-3.8(N)-1.2(S)-511.3(\()2.1(Ac)-3.9(r)-3.9(y)-2.9(lonitr)-3.9(ile)-3.9(-Butadie)-3.9(ne)-3.9(-Styr)16.8(e)-3.9(ne)-3.9(\).)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 22.2587 0 TD 0.0025 Tc (See)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.9616 0 TD [(Resi)5.2(ns)-503.3(\()5.1(A)1.8(cry-)]TJ -24.2203 -1.1357 TD -0.0006 Tc [(lonitr)-4(ile)-4(-Butadie)-4(ne)-4(-Styr)16.7(e)-4(ne)-4(\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.9897 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -11.9897 -2.0786 TD 0.0007 Tc (ABUNDANCE.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.6398 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(The)-262.8(r)4.7(el)4.8(at)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-269.7(a)-1.3(mount)-256.8(\(%)-273(by)-268.8(wei)4.8(ght)4.8(\))-263.7(o)-0.3(f)-263.7(a)-269.7(subst)4.8(a)-1.3(nce)-249.1(i)4.8(n)-275.6(t)4.8(he)]TJ -7.6398 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(ear)5.5(t)5.6(h)0.5()5.5(s)-330.8(cr)5.5(ust)5.6(,)-325.3(i)5.6(n)0.5(cl)5.6(udi)5.6(ng)-323(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-330.9(a)-0.5(t)5.6(m)3.2(ospher)5.5(e)-317.1(and)-329.9(t)5.6(he)-330.9(oceans.)]TJ 0.998 -2.2645 TD 0.0018 Tc [(\(1\))-1000.5(T)0.2(he)-442.1(abundance)-428.3(o)-0.6(f)-449.8(t)4.5(he)-449(el)4.5(ement)4.5(s)-442(i)4.5(n)-448(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-449(eart)4.5(h)-0.6(s)-448.9(crust)-442.9(i)4.5(s)-448.9(s)-1.5(hown)-441.1(i)4.5(n)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1357 TD -0.0673 Tc [(Ta)-70.7(b)-69.7(l)-64.6(e)-394.2(1)-69.7(.)]TJ -2.1681 -1.1357 TD 0.0017 Tc [(\(2\))-1000.6(T)0.1(he)-586.7(percent)4.4(a)-1.7(ges)-566(o)-0.7(f)-587.6(i)4.4(nor)25(gani)4.4(c)-586.7(c)-1.7(ompounds)-572.9(i)4.4(n)-592.7(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-586.7(eart)4.4(h)-0.7(s)-586.7(crust)4.4(,)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1357 TD 0.0032 Tc [(excl)5.9(usi)5.9(v)0.8(e)-316.8(o)0.8(f)-331.4(w)2.5(at)5.9(er)5.8(,)-325(a)-0.2(r)5.8(e)-0.2(:)]TJ ET q 201.9 0 0 -0.54 59.874 105.6211 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 59.88 94.1551 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(\(1\))-501.2(S)-2.9(iO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 87.96 92.8351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 104.76 94.1551 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(55)-1618.7(\(2\))-498.6(A)0.5(l)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 150.84 92.8351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 154.38 94.1551 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 160.68 92.8351 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 176.16 94.1551 Tm 0.0014 Tc [(15)-1618.5(\(3\))-498.4(C)0.8(aCO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 235.38 92.8351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 250.86 94.1551 Tm 0.0001 Tc (8.8)Tj -21.9081 -1.1425 TD 0.0011 Tc [(\(4\))-498.7(M)2.2(gO)-1369.3(1.6)-1371(\()3.7(5\))-498.7(Na)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 152.34 82.8751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 155.82 84.1951 Tm 1.6113 Tc [(O1)1608.9(.)1613.5(6)239.2(\()1613.9(6)1608.9(\))1111.5(K)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 219.84 82.8751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 223.38 84.1951 Tm 2.4303 Tc [(O1)2427.9(.)2432.5(9)]TJ ET q 201.9 0 0 -0.54 59.874 78.2611 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 475.26 794.655 Tm 0.0009 Tc [(ACET)72.4(A)0.2(LDEHYDE)-1988.7(5)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 423.9 771.675 Tm -0.084 Tc [(TA)-84.7(B)-87(L)-82.8(E)-421.5(1)-80.9(.)]TJ ET q 108.3 0 0 -1.02 386.634 766.761 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 386.64 755.295 Tm -0.001 Tc [(Rank)-2196.1(Element)-2199.8(%)-334.9(by)-336.6(wt.)]TJ ET q 108.3 0 0 -0.54 386.634 749.721 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 386.64 738.735 Tm -0.0024 Tc [(1)-3108.4(O)-3.1(xygen)-3823.6(49.2)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0014 Tc [(2)-3107.4(S)-2.5(ilicon)-4146.3(25.7)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0021 Tc [(3)-3108.1(A)-2.8(luminum)-3153.8(7.5)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD [(4)-3108(Iron)-5818.1(4)1.1(.7)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc [(5)-3107.2(C)-4.2(alcium)-4086.4(3.4)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0024 Tc [(6)-3108.4(S)-3.5(odium)-4373.7(2.6)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0019 Tc [(7)-3107.9(P)-3(otas)-4.4(s)-4.4(i)-2.4(um)-3364.4(2.4)]TJ T* -0.0021 Tc [(8)-3108.1(M)-1.4(agnes)-4.6(i)-2.6(um)-2762.3(1.9)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0022 Tc [(9)-3108.2(H)-2.9(ydrogen)-3492.1(0)0.9(.9)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0017 Tc [(10)-2610.8(T)37.2(itanium)-3853.5(0.6)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0021 Tc [(11)-2611.2(C)-5.1(h)1(lorine)-3984.6(0.2)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0026 Tc [(12)-2611.7(Phos)-5.1(phorus)-2828.1(0.1)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0018 Tc [(13)-2610.9(Manganes)-4.3(e)-2930.4(0.1)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0028 Tc [(14)-2611.9(C)-5.8(a)-3(rbon)-4539.1(0.09)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0022 Tc [(15)-2611.3(Sulfur)-4984.1(0.05)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0025 Tc [(16)-2611.6(B)-5.5(a)-2.7(rium)-4479.1(0.05)]TJ 3.606 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc [(all)-340.3(o)2.1(thers)-3699.8(0)2.1(.51)]TJ ET q 108.3 0 0 -1.02 386.634 588.8011 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 317.46 562.335 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(\(3\))-1000(T)0.7(he)-758.2(most)-759(abundant)-752.1(or)25.6(gani)5(c)-758.2(m)2.6(at)5(eri)5(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-765(are)-765.1(cel)5(l)5(u)-0.1(l)5(o)-0.1(se)-758.2(and)-764.1(i)5(t)5(s)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(deri)4.6(vat)4.6(i)4.6(v)-0.5(es,)-319.4(a)-1.5(nd)-324(prot)4.6(ei)4.6(ns.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf -2.0236 -2.6361 TD 0.0009 Tc (Note:)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(In)-750.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-737.7(uni)4.8(verse)-737.7(a)-1.3(s)-737.7(a)-744.6(whol)4.8(e,)-739(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-737.7(m)2.4(ost)-738.6(a)-1.3(bundant)-724.8(el)4.8(ement)]TJ -4.1641 -1.1494 TD [(i)4.7(s)-331.7(hydrogen.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.3883 TD 0.0013 Tc (ACARICIDE.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.0273 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(A)-562.5(s)-0.7(ubst)5.3(a)-0.8(nce,)-545.8(nat)5.3(u)0.2(ral)-559.1(o)0.2(r)-559.2(s)-0.7(ynt)5.3(het)5.3(i)5.3(c)-0.8(,)-559.6(u)0.2(sed)-550.5(t)5.3(o)-571.1(d)0.2(est)5.3(r)5.2(oy)-557.3(or)]TJ -7.0273 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(cont)4.7(rol)-325.7(i)4.7(nfest)4.7(a)-1.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(ons)-324.8(of)-325.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-331.8(a)-1.4(ni)4.7(mal)4.7(s)-324.8(maki)4.7(ng)-323.9(up)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 18.9344 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Arachni)5.3(da,)-277.4(Acari)5.3(n)0.2(a)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.0046 0 TD 0.3144 Tc [(,m)314.7(a)311(i)317.1(n)312(l)317.1(y)]TJ -26.939 -1.1426 TD 0.0009 Tc [(mi)3.6(t)3.6(e)-2.5(s)-442.9(a)-2.5(nd)-435.2(t)3.6(i)3.6(c)-2.5(ks,)-437.4(s)-2.4(ome)-436.1(f)3.5(orms)-449.8(of)-437(whi)3.6(c)-2.5(h)-442(a)-2.5(re)-436.1(very)-442(i)3.6(n)-1.5(j)3.6(u)-1.5(ri)3.6(ous)-442.9(t)3.6(o)-442(bot)3.6(h)-442(p)-1.5(l)3.6(a)-2.5(nt)3.6(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(and)-385.8(l)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(est)4.8(o)-0.3(ck,)-388(i)4.8(ncl)4.8(udi)4.8(ng)-385.8(poul)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(y.)-394.9(There)-386.7(a)-1.3(re)-393.6(numerous)-386.7(subst)4.8(a)-1.3(nces)-372.9(t)4.8(h)-0.3(at)-394.4(are)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(ef)26.4(f)5.7(ect)5.8(i)5.8(v)0.7(e)-275.6(bot)5.8(h)-274.7(a)-0.3(s)-275.5(acar)5.7(i)5.8(c)-0.3(i)5.8(d)0.7(es)-268.6(and)-274.6(i)5.8(nsect)5.8(i)5.8(c)-0.3(i)5.8(d)0.7(es;)-262.6(o)0.7(t)5.8(h)0.7(er)5.7(s)-275.5(o)0.7(f)-276.5(a)-275.6(nar)5.7(r)5.7(o)0.7(wer)-269.6(s)-0.2(pect)5.8(r)5.7(u)0.7(m)]TJ T* 0.0034 Tc [(ar)6(e)-295.9(s)0.1(t)6.1(r)6(i)6.1(c)0(t)6.1(l)6.1(y)-301.9(acar)6(i)6.1(c)0(i)6.1(d)1(es.)-283.5(S)1.9(ee)-289.1(al)6.1(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.8294 0 TD -0.0017 Tc [(I)-5(n)-3.2(s)-5(e)-5.1(c)-5.1(t)0.9(ic)-5.1(ide)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.5701 0 TD 0.2864 Tc [(;a)283(n)284(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3401 0 TD -0.0006 Tc [(I)-3.9(n)-2.1(s)-3.9(e)-4(c)-4(t)2(ic)-4(ide)-293.1(a)-3(nd)-291.2(Pe)-4(s)-3.9(t)2(ic)-4(ide)]TJ -19.7397 -1.1494 TD 0.0017 Tc (Technology)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.9624 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -4.9624 -2.3883 TD 0.0004 Tc [(ACCELERA)75.4(T)20.4(OR)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.686 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(1.)-312(A)-308(c)-1(ompound,)-298.2(usual)5.1(l)5.1(y)-302.9(or)25.7(gani)5.1(c,)-305.1(t)5.1(h)0(at)-311.5(great)5.1(l)5.1(y)-309.8(reduces)]TJ -8.686 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-606.9(t)4.9(i)4.9(m)2.5(e)-613.7(r)4.8(equi)4.9(red)-599(f)4.8(or)-607.7(vul)4.9(cani)4.9(zat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-599(o)-0.2(f)-600.9(n)-0.2(at)4.9(ural)-600.8(and)-605.9(s)-1.1(ynt)4.9(het)4.9(i)4.9(c)-600(rubbers,)]TJ T* [(at)-573.3(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-579.3(s)-1.1(ame)-572.4(t)4.9(i)4.9(m)2.5(e)-586.2(i)4.9(mprovi)4.9(ng)-578.4(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-579.3(a)-1.2(gi)4.9(ng)-578.4(and)-571.5(o)-0.2(t)4.9(h)-0.2(er)-573.3(physi)4.9(cal)-566.4(propert)4.9(i)4.9(e)-1.2(s.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-724.7(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 4.1228 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(Rubber)-718.4(\()3.4(Natural\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.0046 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(.)-731.2(O)2.3(r)26.3(g)0.6(ani)5.7(c)-730(accel)5.7(er)5.6(at)5.7(or)5.6(s)-716.1(i)5.7(nvar)5.6(i)5.7(abl)5.7(y)-722.1(cont)5.7(ai)5.7(n)]TJ -12.1274 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(ni)4.7(t)4.7(r)4.6(ogen,)-415.6(and)-420.3(m)2.3(any)-413.4(a)-1.4(l)4.7(s)-1.3(o)-420.3(c)-1.4(ont)4.7(ai)4.7(n)-420.3(s)-1.3(ul)4.7(fur.)-422.5(The)-421.2(l)4.7(at)4.7(t)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-422.1(t)4.7(ype)-421.2(are)-421.2(cal)4.7(l)4.7(e)-1.4(d)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 28.0059 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(u)-5.1(ltr)-6(a)-5.1(-)]TJ -28.0059 -1.1426 TD 0.003 Tc [(accel)5.7(erat)5.7(ors)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.5681 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(because)-468.5(of)-483.2(t)5.6(h)0.5(ei)5.6(r)-490(g)0.5(r)5.5(eat)5.6(er)-476.3(act)5.6(i)5.6(v)0.5(i)5.6(t)5.6(y)0.5(.)-483.6(T)1.3(he)-482.3(maj)5.6(o)0.5(r)-483.2(t)5.6(ypes)-482.2(i)5.6(ncl)5.6(ude)]TJ -5.5681 -1.1494 TD -0.0019 Tc [(a)-5.3(m)-1.6(in)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(,)-323.2(g)-4.3(u)-4.3(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(i)0.8(d)-4.3(i)0.8(n)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(,)-316.3(th)-4.3(ia)-5.3(z)-5.3(o)-4.3(le)-5.3(s)-5.2(,)-323.2(th)-4.3(iu)-4.3(ra)-5.3(m)-332(s)-5.2(u)-4.3(l)0.8(d)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(,)-316.3(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(d)-327.8(d)-4.3(ith)-4.3(io)-4.3(c)-5.3(a)-5.3(r)0.7(b)-4.3(a)-5.3(ma)-5.3(te)-5.3(s)-5.2(.)-316.3(Th)-4.3(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(ami)5.5(n)0.4(es)-386(and)-392(guani)5.5(di)5.5(nes)-379.1(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-392.9(basi)5.5(c,)-387.3(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-392.9(o)0.4(t)5.5(h)0.4(er)5.4(s)-392.8(aci)5.5(di)5.5(c.)-387.3(The)-392.9(nor)5.4(mal)-386.8(e)-0.6(f)26.1(f)5.4(ect)5.5(i)5.5(v)0.4(e)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(concent)5.7(r)5.6(at)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)-433.1(o)0.6(f)-448.6(o)0.6(r)26.3(g)0.6(ani)5.7(c)-447.8(accel)5.7(er)5.6(at)5.7(or)5.6(s)-440.8(i)5.7(n)-446.8(a)-454.6(r)5.6(ubber)-434.9(m)3.3(i)5.7(x)0.6(t)5.7(u)0.6(r)5.6(e)-454.6(i)5.7(s)-454.6(1%)-444.2(or)-448.6(l)5.7(e)-0.4(ss)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(dependi)4.8(ng)-537.2(on)-557.8(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-558.8(r)4.7(ubber)-552.8(hydrocarbon)-537.2(present)4.8(.)-553.2(Zi)4.8(nc)-551.9(oxi)4.8(de)-558.8(i)4.8(s)-558.7(requi)4.8(red)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(f)5.7(o)0.7(r)-593.1(act)5.8(i)5.8(v)0.7(at)5.8(i)5.8(on,)-586.6(and)-591.3(i)5.8(n)-598.1(t)5.8(he)-592.2(case)-585.3(o)0.7(f)-593.1(aci)5.8(di)5.8(c)-585.3(accel)5.8(er)5.7(at)5.8(or)5.7(s,)-579.7(st)5.8(ear)5.7(i)5.8(c)-592.2(aci)5.8(d)-591.3(i)5.8(s)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(r)5.5(e)-0.5(qui)5.6(r)5.5(e)-0.5(d.)-270.2(The)-268.9(i)5.6(nt)5.6(r)5.5(oduct)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-274.9(o)0.5(f)-269.8(o)0.5(r)26.2(g)0.5(ani)5.6(c)-275.8(accel)5.6(er)5.5(at)5.6(or)5.5(s)-262(i)5.6(n)-281.7(t)5.6(he)-275.8(ear)5.5(l)5.6(y)-268(t)5.6(w)2.2(ent)5.6(i)5.6(e)-0.5(s)-275.7(w)2.2(as)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(l)5.4(a)-0.7(r)26(g)0.3(el)5.4(y)-309.5(r)5.3(esponsi)5.4(b)0.3(l)5.4(e)-296.6(f)5.3(o)0.3(r)-311.3(t)5.4(he)-310.4(successf)5.3(ul)-283.7(devel)5.4(opment)-290.6(o)0.3(f)-311.3(a)-0.7(ut)5.4(omobi)5.4(l)5.4(e)-303.5(t)5.4(i)5.4(r)5.3(es)-310.3(and)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(mechani)5.6(cal)-434.9(pr)5.5(oduct)5.6(s)-447.8(f)5.5(o)0.5(r)-455.6(e)-0.5(ngi)5.6(neer)5.5(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)-446.9(u)0.5(ses.)-442.3(A)-458.9(f)5.5(ew)-452.1(i)5.6(nor)26.2(gani)5.6(c)-454.7(accel)5.6(er)5.5(at)5.6(or)5.5(s)]TJ T* 0.0001 Tc [(are)-492(s)-3.2(till)-499.7(used)-491(in)-497.9(low-grade)-492(p)-2.3(roducts)]TJ 15.321 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(,)-478.5(e)-2.3(.g.,)-492.2(lime,)-499.1(magnesium)-480.4(oxide,)-485.4(a)-2.3(nd)]TJ -15.321 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(l)5.6(ead)-323(oxi)5.6(de.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(2.)-725(A)-727.9(c)-1(ompound)-709(added)-715.9(t)5.1(o)-729.6(a)-723.7(phot)5.1(ographi)5.1(c)-716.8(d)0(evel)5.1(oper)-710.8(t)5.1(o)-729.6(i)5.1(ncrease)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(t)4.7(s)-730.9(act)4.7(i)4.7(v)-0.4(i)4.7(t)4.7(y)-0.4(,)-725.4(s)-1.3(uch)-716.3(a)-1.4(s)-717.1(cert)4.7(a)-1.4(i)4.7(n)-723.1(quat)4.7(e)-1.4(rnary)-716.3(a)-1.4(mmoni)4.7(um)-720.4(compounds)-703.4(and)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(al)5.7(kal)5.7(i)5.7(n)0.6(e)-323.9(s)-0.3(ubst)5.7(a)-0.4(nces.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0031 Tc [(3.)-325.1(A)-334.8(p)0.7(ar)5.7(t)5.8(i)5.8(c)-0.3(l)5.8(e)-330.6(accel)5.8(er)5.7(at)5.8(or)5.7(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf -1.1425 -2.3883 TD 0.0006 Tc [(ACET)75.7(A)-0.1(LDEHYDE.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.6221 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [([CAS:)-361.7(75-07-0].)-355.3(C)-0.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 466.02 206.1151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 469.56 207.4351 Tm 0.0013 Tc [(CHO,)-361.3(formul)4(a)-366.9(w)0.6(ei)4(ght)-353.9(44.05,)]TJ -18.446 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(col)4.4(o)-0.7(rl)4.4(ess,)-471(odorous)-469.7(l)4.4(i)4.4(qui)4.4(d,)-484.8(mp)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 12.8225 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7778 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (123)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.5073 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 447.24 201.4951 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 450.72 197.4751 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(C,)-478.4(bp)-483(20.2)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 491.16 201.4951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 494.64 197.4751 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-484.6(sp)-475.5(gr)-477.3(0.783.)-477.7(Al)4.6(so)]TJ -21.323 -1.1494 TD 0.002 Tc [(known)-310.2(a)-1.4(s)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 4.1916 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(et)5.4(hanal)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0078 0 TD 0.0025 Tc [(,)-311.9(acet)5.2(al)5.2(dehyde)-296.8(i)5.2(s)-317.4(mi)5.2(sci)5.2(b)0.1(l)5.2(e)-317.5(wi)5.2(t)5.2(h)-323.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 490.26 186.1351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 493.8 187.4551 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(O,)-318.8(al)5.2(cohol)5.2(,)-305(o)0.1(r)-318.4(e)-0.9(t)5.2(h)0.1(er)-311.5(i)5.2(n)]TJ -21.2267 -1.1426 TD 0.0006 Tc [(all)-265.1(p)-1.8(roportions.)-258.7(B)0(ecause)-250.6(of)-265.2(its)-271.1(versatile)]TJ 15.961 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(chemical)-250.9(reactivity,)-265.1(acetaldehyde)-243.2(is)]TJ -15.961 -1.1425 TD 0.0025 Tc [(wi)5.2(del)5.2(y)-309.7(used)-309.7(as)-310.5(a)-310.6(c)-0.9(ommenci)5.2(n)0.1(g)-302.8(m)2.8(at)5.2(eri)5.2(a)-0.9(l)-311.4(i)5.2(n)-316.5(o)0.1(r)25.8(g)0.1(ani)5.2(c)-310.6(synt)5.2(heses,)-298.1(i)5.2(n)0.1(cl)5.2(udi)5.2(ng)-302.8(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(product)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-275.2(o)0.2(f)-277(r)5.2(esi)5.3(n)0.2(s,)-270.5(dyest)5.3(uf)25.9(fs,)-277.4(a)-0.8(nd)-275.2(expl)5.3(osi)5.3(v)0.2(es.)-263.6(T)1(he)-276.1(compound)-261.4(al)5.3(so)-282(i)5.3(s)-282.9(used)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(as)-366.3(a)-373.2(r)4.4(educi)4.5(n)-0.6(g)-358.5(a)-1.6(gent)4.5(,)-360.8(p)-0.6(reservat)4.5(i)4.5(v)-0.6(e,)-360.8(and)-365.4(a)-1.6(s)-366.3(a)-366.4(medi)4.5(um)-369.6(for)-367.2(s)-1.5(i)4.5(l)4.5(v)-0.6(eri)4.5(n)-0.6(g)-372.3(m)2.1(i)4.5(rrors.)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(In)-537.8(resi)4.2(n)-537.8(m)1.8(anufact)4.2(ure,)-526.3(paral)4.2(d)-0.9(ehyde)-525(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 455.16 136.2751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 458.7 137.5951 Tm 0.0007 Tc (CHO\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 480 136.2751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 488.28 137.5951 Tm -0.002 Tc [(s)-5.3(o)-4.4(me)-5.4(time)-5.4(s)-535.3(is)-549.1(p)-4.4(r)0.6(e)-5.4(f)0.6(e)-5.4(rre)-5.4(d)]TJ -20.5934 -1.1494 TD 0.0014 Tc [(because)-311.7(of)-333.2(its)-332.3(higher)-326.3(boiling)-331.4(a)-2(nd)-324.5(ash)-324.5(points.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(I)5.3(n)-433.4(t)5.4(onnage)-413.6(pr)5.3(oduct)5.4(i)5.4(on,)-421.8(acet)5.4(al)5.4(dehyde)-406.8(may)-426.5(b)0.3(e)-427.4(m)3(anuf)5.3(act)5.4(ur)5.3(ed)-419.6(by)-426.5(\()5.3(1)0.3(\))-325.1(t)5.4(he)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(di)5(rect)-600.7(oxi)5(dat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-605.8(o)-0.1(f)-600.8(e)-1.1(t)5(hyl)5(ene,)-594.3(requi)5(ri)5(ng)-605.8(a)-613.6(cat)5(al)5(yt)5(i)5(c)-599.9(sol)5(u)-0.1(t)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-605.8(o)-0.1(f)-607.6(c)-1.1(opper)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(lo)-5.1(rid)-5.1(e)-549.8(p)-5.1(l)0(u)-5.1(s)-556.6(s)-6(m)-2.4(a)-6.1(l)0(l)-550.6(q)-5.1(u)-5.1(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(titie)-6.1(s)-556.6(o)-5.1(f)-550.7(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(lla)-6.1(d)-5.1(i)0(u)-5.1(m)-553.1(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(lo)-5.1(rid)-5.1(e)-6.1(,)-544.2(\()-0.1(2)-5.1(\))-337.3(th)-5.1(e)-556.7(o)-5.1(x)-5.1(i)0(d)-5.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.001 Tc [(of)-436.9(ethyl)-436.8(alcohol)-429.9(with)-448.8(sodium)-432.4(dichro)]TJ 15.2728 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(mate,)-431.2(a)-3.2(nd)-435.9(\(3\))-334.4(t)2.9(he)-443.7(dry)-442.7(d)-2.2(istillation)-449.6(o)-2.2(f)]TJ -15.2728 -1.1426 TD 0.0032 Tc [(cal)5.9(ci)5.9(um)-320(acet)5.9(at)5.9(e)-323.7(w)2.5(i)5.9(t)5.9(h)-336.5(cal)5.9(ci)5.9(um)-320(f)5.8(o)0.8(r)5.8(m)3.5(at)5.9(e.)]TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj > /XObject > /ExtGState > >> endobj 30 0 obj > endobj 31 0 obj > stream BT /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 28.8 794.655 Tm 0 g /GS1 gs 0.0006 Tc 0 Tw [(6)-1941.8(ACET)72.1(A)-0.1(L)-329.4(G)2.4(ROUP)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 38.76 771.135 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(Acet)5.3(al)5.3(dehyde)-262.3(r)5.2(eact)5.3(s)-282.9(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)-282(many)-282(chemi)5.3(cal)5.3(s)-269.1(i)5.3(n)-282(a)-283(mar)5.2(k)0.2(ed)-282(manner)5.2(,)-270.5(\()5.2(1)0.2(\))-332(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(mmo)-4.8(n)-4.8(i)0.3(o)-4.8(-)0.2(s)-5.7(ilv)-4.8(e)-5.8(r)-295.7(n)-4.8(itra)-5.8(t)0.3(e)-308.6(\()0.2()-5.8(T)64.9(o)-4.8(lle)-5.8(n)-4.8()0.2(s)-301.7(s)-5.7(o)-4.8(l)0.3(u)-4.8(tio)-4.8(n)-4.8()-5.8(\),)-296.1(to)-307.7(fo)-4.8(rm)-305(me)-5.8(ta)-5.8(llic)-308.6(s)-5.7(ilv)-4.8(e)-5.8(r)0.2(,)-303(e)-5.8(ith)-4.8(e)-5.8(r)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(as)-483(a)-490(b)-0.3(l)4.8(ack)-482.1(preci)4.8(pi)4.8(t)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(e)-483.1(or)-484(as)-483(an)-489(adherent)-470.1(mi)4.8(rror)-490.8()0.6(l)4.8(m)-493.2(on)-482.1(gl)4.8(ass,)-477.5(\(2\))-332.5(w)1.4(i)4.8(t)4.8(h)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(al)4.8(kal)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(e)-352.3(c)-1.3(upri)4.8(c)-352.3(sol)4.8(u)-0.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-351.4(\()4.7(Fehl)4.8(i)4.8(ngs)-345.4(s)-1.2(ol)4.8(ut)4.8(i)4.8(on\))-346.3(t)4.8(o)-358.2(f)4.7(orm)-355.6(c)-1.3(uprous)-345.4(oxi)4.8(de,)-346.7(r)4.7(ed)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(to)-424.7(y)-4.8(e)-5.8(llo)-4.8(w)-422.9(p)-4.8(re)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(p)-4.8(ita)-5.8(te)-5.8(,)-420(\()0.2(3)-4.8(\))-337(with)-424.7(ro)-4.8(s)-5.7(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(ilin)-4.8(e)-425.6(\(fu)-4.8(c)-5.8(h)-4.8(s)-5.7(i)0.3(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(,)-413.1(m)-2.1(a)-5.8(g)-4.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(ta)-5.8(\),)-413.1(wh)-4.8(ic)-5.8(h)-417.8(h)-4.8(a)-5.8(s)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(been)-317.2(decol)4.5(o)-0.6(ri)4.5(zed)-310.4(by)-324.1(sul)4.5(f)4.4(urous)-325(aci)4.5(d)-324.1(\()4.4(Schi)4.5(f)25.1(fs)-331.9(sol)4.5(u)-0.6(t)4.5(i)4.5(on\),)-319.5(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-325.1(p)-0.6(i)4.5(n)-0.6(k)-324.1(c)-1.6(ol)4.5(or)-319.1(of)]TJ T* 0.0003 Tc [(rosaniline)-374.7(i)3(s)-374.7(r)2.9(estored,)-369.2(\(4\))-334.3(w)-0.4(ith)-380.7(Na)]TJ 14.0339 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(OH,)-368.6(upon)-366.4(warming,)-375.5(a)-374.2(y)-1.6(ellow)-371.6(t)3.5(o)-380.2(b)-1.6(rown)]TJ -14.0339 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(r)5.5(e)-0.5(si)5.6(n)-481.3(o)0.5(f)-476.3(unpl)5.6(easant)-462.4(odor)-476.3(separ)5.5(a)-0.5(t)5.6(e)-0.5(s)-468.4(\()5.5(t)5.6(h)0.5(i)5.6(s)-482.2(r)5.5(eact)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-481.3(i)5.6(s)-482.2(g)0.5(i)5.6(v)0.5(en)-474.5(by)-481.3(al)5.6(dehydes)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(i)5.3(mmedi)5.3(at)5.3(el)5.3(y)-247.6(f)5.2(ol)5.3(l)5.3(o)0.2(wi)5.3(ng)-254.5(acet)5.3(al)5.3(dehyde)-234.8(i)5.3(n)-254.5(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-248.6(s)-0.7(er)5.2(i)5.3(e)-0.8(s,)-243(but)-249.4(not)-249.4(by)-247.6(f)5.2(o)0.2(r)5.2(m)2.9(al)5.3(dehyde,)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(furfural)4.2(d)-0.9(ehyde)-463(or)-463.9(benzal)4.2(dehyde\),)-443.7(\(5\))-333.1(w)0.8(i)4.2(t)4.2(h)-469(anhydrous)-456.1(ammoni)4.2(a,)-457.4(t)4.2(o)-475.9(form)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(al)4.7(dehyde-ammoni)4.7(a)-366.2(C)1.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 111.12 670.335 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 114.66 671.655 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6607 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 163.56 670.335 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 167.1 671.655 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(,)-392.8(w)-3.4(h)-5.1(ite)-391.5(s)-6(o)-5.1(lid)-5.1(,)-385.9(m)-2.4(p)-390.6(9)-5.1(7)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 241.2 675.675 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 244.74 671.655 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-381.3(bp)-386(111)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 281.34 675.675 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 284.82 671.655 Tm 0.0006 Tc (C,)Tj -29.3691 -1.1426 TD -0.0023 Tc [(with)-472.8(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(mp)-4.7(o)-4.7(s)-5.6(itio)-4.7(n)-4.7(,)-454.3(\(6)-4.7(\))-330(w)-3(ith)-472.8(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(c)-5.7(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(tra)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(d)-452.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 193.44 660.375 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 196.98 661.695 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 208.14 660.375 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 211.68 661.695 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(,)-462.9(h)0.5(eat)-455.6(i)5.6(s)-461.6(evol)5.6(ved,)-449.1(and)]TJ -20.9789 -1.1426 TD 0.0013 Tc [(wi)4(t)4(h)-338.4(ri)4(se)-332.5(of)-326.4(t)4(e)-2.1(mperat)4(ure,)-326.9(paral)4(d)-1.1(ehyde)-318.7(\(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 173.82 650.415 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 177.36 651.735 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 183.66 650.415 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 187.2 651.735 Tm 0.0007 Tc (O\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 196.38 650.415 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 202.86 651.735 Tm 0.0024 Tc (or)Tj /F9 1 Tf 9.4891 0 0 9.4891 113.3393 620.4639 Tm /GS2 gs 0 Tc (CH)Tj 7.1168 0 0 7.1168 126.5192 618.6847 Tm (3)Tj 9.4891 0 0 9.4891 130.0782 620.4639 Tm (CH)Tj 2.4286 0.8333 TD (OCH\(CH)Tj 7.1168 0 0 7.1168 189.4943 626.5923 Tm (3)Tj 9.4891 0 0 9.4891 193.0528 628.3715 Tm (\))Tj ET 8.435 i 151.489 629.794 m 151.7 629.32 l 146.85 626.79 l 146.586 627.264 l 151.489 629.794 l f BT 9.4891 0 0 9.4891 153.1235 612.5563 Tm (OCH\(CH)Tj 7.1168 0 0 7.1168 189.4943 610.7771 Tm (3)Tj 9.4891 0 0 9.4891 193.0528 612.5563 Tm (\))Tj ET 152.174 618.83 m 151.911 618.355 l 147.061 620.939 l 147.325 621.412 l 152.174 618.83 l f BT 9.4891 0 0 9.4891 201.9921 620.4639 Tm (O)Tj ET 201.36 627.159 m 201.044 626.737 l 197.036 629.373 l 197.354 629.848 l 201.36 627.159 l f 196.141 617.776 m 195.825 618.197 l 200.569 621.36 l 200.833 620.885 l 196.141 617.776 l f BT /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 586.035 Tm /GS1 gs 0.0018 Tc [(col)4.5(o)-0.6(rl)4.5(ess)-462.7(l)4.5(i)4.5(qui)4.5(d)-475.6(b)-0.6(p)-468.7(124)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 114.36 590.1151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 117.84 586.035 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(C,)-474.6(s)-5.2(lig)-4.3(h)-4.3(tly)-472.4(s)-5.2(o)-4.3(lu)-4.3(b)-4.3(l)0.8(e)-473.3(i)0.8(n)-472.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 206.7 584.715 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 210.24 586.035 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(O,)-474.3(is)-479.8(fo)-4(rme)-5(d)-4(,)-467.4(\()1(7)-4(\))-336.2(with)]TJ -20.8137 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(aci)5.8(ds,)-476.5(b)0.7(el)5.8(ow)-472.5(0)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 83.04 580.155 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 86.58 576.075 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(C,)-485.3(forms)-490.8(m)1.5(et)3.9(al)3.9(dehyde)-470.2(\(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 180.9 574.755 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 184.5 576.075 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 190.8 574.755 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 194.34 576.075 Tm 0.0007 Tc (O\))Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0531 0 TD 0 Tc (x)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5644 0 TD -0.0024 Tc [(,)-482(w)-3.1(h)-4.8(ite)-494.5(s)-5.7(o)-4.8(lid)-4.8(,)-488.9(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(b)-4.8(lime)-5.8(s)]TJ -20.6072 -1.1357 TD 0.0027 Tc [(at)-421.3(about)-414.5(115)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 75.06 570.1951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 78.54 566.175 Tm 0.0007 Tc [(C)-426.7(w)0(ithout)-423.3(melting)-428.5(but)-423.3(with)-428.5(partial)-423.3(c)-2.7(onversion)-414.7(t)3.4(o)-428.5(acetalde-)]TJ -5.7059 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(hyde,)-339.9(\()4.6(8\))-332.6(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-358.3(di)4.7(l)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(e)-359.3(HCl)-353.2(o)-0.4(r)-346.4(d)-0.4(i)4.7(l)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(e)-359.3(NaOH,)-346.8(al)4.7(dol)4.7(,)-353.7(C)1.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 219.48 554.895 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 223.02 556.215 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 270.9 554.895 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 274.38 556.215 Tm 0.0007 Tc (CHO)Tj -28.1714 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(sl)4.4(owl)4.4(y)-413.7(forms,)-409(\(9\))-332.9(w)1(i)4.4(t)4.4(h)-420.6(phosphorus)-393.9(pent)4.4(achl)4.4(o)-0.7(ri)4.4(de,)-395.3(f)4.3(orms)-414.6(et)4.4(hyl)4.4(i)4.4(d)-0.7(ene)-407.8(c)-1.7(hl)4.4(o-)]TJ T* -0.0001 Tc [(ride)-3.5(,)-225(C)-0.7(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 58.62 534.975 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 62.16 536.295 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4956 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CHCl)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 86.82 534.975 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 90.42 536.295 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(,)-215.8(c)-1.2(ol)4.9(orl)4.9(e)-1.2(ss)-214.5(l)4.9(i)4.9(qui)4.9(d,)-222.7(bp)-220.5(58)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 171.36 540.3151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 174.84 536.295 Tm 0.0018 Tc [(C,)-223.1(\(10\))-325.9(wi)4.5(t)4.5(h)-227.8(et)4.5(hyl)-215.8(al)4.5(cohol)-208.9(and)-214(d)-0.6(ry)]TJ -16.7528 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(hydr)5.4(ogen)-343.8(c)-0.6(hl)5.5(or)5.4(i)5.5(d)0.4(e,)-352.9(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(s)-358.4(acet)5.5(al)5.5(,)-352.9(1)0.4(,)5(1)0.4(-)5.4(d)0.4(i)5.5(e)-0.6(t)5.5(hyoxyet)5.5(h)0.4(ane)-331(C)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 234.54 525.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 238.08 526.335 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6401 0 TD -0.0002 Tc (CH\(OC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 270.78 525.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 274.32 526.335 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 280.62 525.015 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 284.16 526.335 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 287.04 525.015 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 290.64 526.335 Tm (,)Tj -30.0367 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(col)4.7(o)-0.4(rl)4.7(ess)-462.5(l)4.7(i)4.7(qui)4.7(d,)-463.8(bp)-461.6(104)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 116.4 520.4551 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 119.88 516.4351 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(C,)-470.1(\()5.2(11\))-325.1(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-467.9(hydr)5.2(ocyani)5.3(c)-448.2(aci)5.3(d,)-463.2(f)5.2(o)0.2(r)5.2(m)2.9(s)-468.7(acet)5.3(al)5.3(de-)]TJ -10.4481 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(hyde)-551.8(cyanohydri)4.9(n)-0.2(,)-539.3(C)1.6(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 113.4 505.155 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 116.94 506.475 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8397 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8397 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(CN,)-560(r)4.8(eadi)4.9(l)4.9(y)-557.7(convert)4.9(ed)-544(i)4.9(n)-0.2(t)4.9(o)-564.6(al)4.9(phahy-)]TJ -14.626 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(droxypropi)4.6(oni)4.6(c)-476.4(aci)4.6(d,)-484.6(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 119.94 495.195 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 123.48 496.515 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7709 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.764 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(COOH,)-485.6(\(12\))-333.7(with)-490.2(sodium)-480.6(hydrogen)]TJ -15.2317 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(sul)5.3()1.1(t)5.3(e)-0.8(,)-380.6(f)5.2(or)5.2(ms)-393(acet)5.3(al)5.3(dehyde)-358.7(sodi)5.3(um)-382.6(bi)5.3(sul)5.3()1.1(t)5.3(e)-0.8(,)-380.6(C)2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 203.16 485.235 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 206.7 486.5551 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6607 0 TD 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 254.16 485.235 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 257.7 486.5551 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(Na)-4.7(,)-384.5(w)-2(h)-3.7(ite)]TJ -26.258 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(sol)5.5(i)5.5(d)0.4(,)-421.7(f)5.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(m)-423.7(w)2.1(hi)5.5(ch)-412.6(acet)5.5(al)5.5(dehyde)-399.8(i)5.5(s)-427.3(r)5.4(eadi)5.5(l)5.5(y)-419.5(r)5.4(ecover)5.4(a)-0.6(bl)5.5(e)-406.7(b)0.4(y)-419.5(t)5.5(r)5.4(eat)5.5(ment)-421.2(wi)5.5(t)5.5(h)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(sodi)4.8(um)-355.6(carbonat)4.8(e)-352.3(sol)4.8(u)-0.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(on,)-360.5(\(13\))-332.5(wi)4.8(t)4.8(h)]TJ 15.555 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(hydroxyl)4(ami)4(n)-1.1(e)-353.1(hydrochl)4(ori)4(d)-1.1(e)-353.1(f)3.9(orms)]TJ -15.555 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(acet)5.5(al)5.5(doxi)5.5(me,)-442.4(C)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 93.6 455.415 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 97.14 456.735 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD -0.0001 Tc [(CH:NOH,)-459(white)-464.6(solid,)-459(m)0.2(p)-463.7(4)-2.5(7)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 213.72 460.755 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 217.2 456.735 Tm 0.0017 Tc [(C,)-457.2(\(14\))-332.9(wi)4.4(t)4.4(h)-461.9(phenyl)4.4(-)]TJ -21.6121 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(hydr)5.2(azi)5.3(ne,)-339.3(f)5.2(or)5.2(ms)-351.7(acet)5.3(al)5.3(dehyde)-331.2(phenyl)5.3(hydr)5.2(azone,)-325.6(C)2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 217.92 445.455 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 221.46 446.7751 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD -0.001 Tc (CH:N)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.3883 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 277.26 445.455 Tm (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 280.8 446.7751 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 287.1 445.455 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 290.64 446.7751 Tm (,)Tj -30.0367 -1.1426 TD -0.0019 Tc [(wh)-4.3(ite)-411.4(s)-5.2(o)-4.3(lid)-4.3(,)-405.8(m)-1.6(p)-403.5(9)-4.3(8)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 97.8 440.8351 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 101.34 436.815 Tm 0.002 Tc [(C,)-401.9(\(15\))-332.6(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-406.5(magnesi)4.7(um)-390.1(met)4.7(hyl)-401.4(i)4.7(odi)4.7(de)-400.6(i)4.7(n)-406.5(anhydrous)]TJ -8.3213 -1.1425 TD 0.0013 Tc [(et)4(her)-395.3(\()3.9(Gri)4(gnards)-394.3(sol)4(u)-1.1(t)4(i)4(on\),)-395.7(yi)4(el)4(ds,)-395.7(a)-2.1(ft)4(er)-395.3(react)4(i)4(o)-1.1(n)-393.5(w)0.6(i)4(t)4(h)-407.2(wat)4(e)-2.1(r,)-395.7(i)4(s)-2(opropyl)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(al)5(cohol)5(,)-608.1(\()4.9(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 77.04 415.575 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 80.58 416.8951 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 83.46 415.575 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 87.06 416.8951 Tm 0.0011 Tc [(CHOH,)-609.2(a)-614.8(s)-2.2(econdary)-600.1(alcohol,)-602.4(\()3.7(16\))-333.5(with)-620.8(semicarbazide,)]TJ -6.6832 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(s)-509.8(acet)5.5(al)5.5(dehyde)-489.3(semi)5.5(car)5.4(bazone,)-483.7(C)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 174.12 405.675 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 177.66 406.995 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7846 0 TD -0.001 Tc (CH:N)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.3883 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7915 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7846 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.3903 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7915 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 263.28 405.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 266.82 406.995 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(,)-509.8(w)-3.4(h)-5.1(ite)]TJ -27.3042 -1.1425 TD [(s)-6(o)-5.1(lid)-5.1(,)-406.6(m)-2.4(p)-411.2(1)-5.1(6)-5.1(2)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 79.32 401.0551 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 82.8 397.035 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(C,)-408.3(\()5(17\))-325.3(wi)5.1(t)5.1(h)-413(chl)5.1(o)0(r)5(i)5.1(ne,)-394.6(f)5(or)5(ms)-413.9(t)5.1(r)5(i)5.1(c)-1(hl)5.1(or)5(oacet)5.1(al)5.1(dehyde)-386.4(\()5(chl)5.1(o)0(-)]TJ -6.1946 -1.1426 TD -0.0016 Tc [(ra)-5(l)-5(\),)-556.9(CCl)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 65.82 385.755 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 69.42 387.075 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8328 0 TD [(CHO,)-555.3(\(18\))-327.7(with)-566.8(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 146.22 385.755 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 149.76 387.075 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(S,)-552.5(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(s)-558(t)5.5(hi)5.5(oacet)5.5(al)5.5(dehyde,)-525(C)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 265.02 385.755 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 268.56 387.075 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8397 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHS)Tj -28.3435 -1.1425 TD [(or)-547.3(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 55.86 375.795 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 59.4 377.1151 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8259 0 TD 0.0011 Tc (CHS\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 86.46 375.795 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 90 377.1151 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(.)-552.4(A)2.2(cet)5.6(al)5.6(dehyde)-523.6(st)5.6(ands)-537.3(chemi)5.6(cal)5.6(l)5.6(y)-536.4(bet)5.6(w)2.2(een)-536.4(et)5.6(hyl)-545(al)5.6(co-)]TJ -7.0205 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(hol)-435.1(on)-440.2(one)-434.3(hand)-89.2()-84.8(t)5.4(o)-433.4(w)2(hi)5.4(ch)-440.2(i)5.4(t)-442(can)-433.4(be)-441.2(reduced)-89.2()-84.8(a)-0.7(nd)-419.6(acet)5.4(i)5.4(c)-434.3(aci)5.4(d)-440.2(o)0.3(n)-440.2(t)5.4(he)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(ot)5.5(her)-476.4(h)0.4(and)-89.1()-84.7(t)5.5(o)-481.4(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-481.4(i)5.5(t)-483.2(can)-474.6(be)-482.4(oxi)5.5(di)5.5(zed.)-469.9(T)1.2(hese)-475.5(r)5.4(eact)5.5(i)5.5(ons)-475.4(of)-483.2(acet)5.5(al)5.5(de-)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(hyde,)-414.9(c)-0.7(oupl)5.4(ed)-412.7(wi)5.4(t)5.4(h)-426.5(i)5.4(t)5.4(s)-427.4(r)5.3(eady)-419.6(f)5.3(or)5.3(mat)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-426.5(f)5.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(m)-423.8(acet)5.4(yl)5.4(ene)-413.6(b)0.3(y)-419.6(m)3(er)5.3(cur)5.3(i)5.4(c)-420.5(s)-0.6(ul)5.4(-)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(fat)4.9(e)-489.9(sol)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-488.9(a)-1.2(s)-482.9(a)-489.9(cat)4.9(al)4.9(yzer,)-477.4(open)-482(u)-0.2(p)-482(a)-489.9(vast)-483.8(el)4.9(d)-482(of)-490.7(or)25.5(gani)4.9(c)-483(c)-1.2(hemi)4.9(st)4.9(ry)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-495.1(acet)5.6(al)5.6(dehyde)-475.4(as)-482.2(r)5.5(a)-0.5(w)-493.4(m)3.2(at)5.6(er)5.5(i)5.6(a)-0.5(l)5.6(:)-496.9(acet)5.6(al)5.6(dehyde)-468.5(hydr)5.5(ogenat)5.6(e)-0.5(d)-474.5(t)5.6(o)-495.1(e)-0.5(t)5.6(hyl)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(al)5.7(cohol)5.7(;)-448.6(oxygenat)5.7(e)-0.4(d)-439.9(t)5.7(o)-460.6(acet)5.7(i)5.7(c)-454.6(aci)5.7(d,)-449(t)5.7(h)0.6(ence)-454.6(t)5.7(o)-460.6(acet)5.7(one,)-442.2(acet)5.7(i)5.7(c)-454.6(anhydr)5.6(i)5.7(d)0.6(e,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(vi)5.6(nyl)-490(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e,)-476.7(vi)5.6(nyl)-490(al)5.6(cohol)5.6(.)-483.6(A)2.2(cet)5.6(al)5.6(dehyde)-475.4(i)5.6(s)-496(al)5.6(so)-488.2(f)5.5(o)0.5(r)5.5(m)3.2(ed)-495.1(by)-488.2(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-496(r)5.5(egu-)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(l)5.2(a)-0.9(t)5.2(e)-0.9(d)-385.4(oxi)5.2(dat)5.2(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-385.4(o)0.1(f)-380.3(e)-0.9(t)5.2(hyl)-387.1(al)5.2(cohol)-373.4(by)-385.4(such)-378.5(a)-386.3(r)5.1(eagent)-373.4(a)-0.9(s)-386.3(s)-0.8(odi)5.2(um)-382.7(di)5.2(chromat)5.2(e)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(in)-438.8(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 45.66 286.275 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 49.26 287.595 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 60.42 286.275 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 67.74 287.595 Tm 0.0009 Tc [(\(chromi)3.6(c)-436.1(sul)3.6(f)3.5(at)3.6(e)-436.1(a)-2.5(l)3.6(s)-2.4(o)-428.3(p)-1.5(roduced\).)-423.6(React)3.6(i)3.6(ons)-422.3(\(1\),)-437.4(\(3\),)-444.3(\(14\),)-430.5(a)-2.5(nd)]TJ -4.467 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(\()5.3(16\))-325(above)-310.4(ar)5.3(e)-317.3(m)3(ost)-311.2(c)-0.7(ommonl)5.4(y)-309.5(u)0.3(sed)-309.5(i)5.4(n)-323.2(t)5.4(he)-317.3(det)5.4(ect)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-309.5(o)0.3(f)-318.2(acet)5.4(al)5.4(dehyde.)-291(S)1.2(ee)]TJ T* 0.0034 Tc [(al)6.1(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 1.9409 0 TD 0.0015 Tc (Aldehydes)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.46 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -6.4009 -2.2438 TD 0.0007 Tc [(ACET)75.8(A)0(L)-674.4(G)1(ROUP.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.6289 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(An)-675.2(or)25.1(gani)4.5(c)-676.1(c)-1.6(ompound)-661.4(of)-670.1(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-676.1(g)-0.6(eneral)-663.1(formul)4.5(a)]TJ -9.6289 -1.1426 TD 0 Tc (RCH\(OR)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 61.74 241.3351 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 63.9 238.1551 Tm -0.0015 Tc (\)\(OR)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 81.78 241.3351 Tm -0.0045 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 85.56 238.1551 Tm 0.4787 Tc [(\)i)481.4(st)481.4(e)475.3(r)481.3(m)478.9(e)475.3(d)8.2(a)475.3(n)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 6.6281 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(acet)5.6(al)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.4705 Tc [(a)467.1(n)468.1(di)473.2(s)-7.7(f)473.1(o)468.1(r)473.1(m)470.8(e)467.1(db)468.1(y)-6.9(t)473.2(h)468.1(e)-0.9(r)473.1(e)467.1(a)467.1(c)467.1(t)473.2(i)473.2(o)468.1(no)468.1(f)]TJ -16.1608 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(an)-454.1(al)5.3(dehyde)-441.3(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-461(an)-447.2(al)5.3(cohol)5.3(,)-449.4(u)0.2(sual)5.3(l)5.3(y)-447.2(i)5.3(n)-461(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-455(p)0.2(resence)-441.3(o)0.2(f)-449(s)-0.7(mal)5.3(l)-455.9(amount)5.3(s)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(of)-435.8(aci)4.8(ds)-434.8(or)-435.8(appropri)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(e)-434.9(i)4.8(nor)25.4(gani)4.8(c)-441.8(s)-1.2(al)4.8(t)4.8(s)-1.2(.)-436.2(A)1.4(cet)4.8(al)4.8(s)-428(a)-1.3(re)-441.8(st)4.8(abl)4.8(e)-434.9(t)4.8(o)-0.3(ward)-440.8(al)4.8(kal)4.8(i)4.8(,)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(e)-618.6(v)-5.1(o)-5.1(l)0(a)-6.1(tile)-6.1(,)-619.9(i)0(n)-5.1(s)-6(o)-5.1(l)0(u)-5.1(b)-5.1(l)0(e)-611.8(i)0(n)-624.6(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 134.34 207.0151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 137.88 208.3351 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(O,)-619.4(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-610.3(g)-4.6(e)-5.6(n)-4.6(e)-5.6(r)0.4(a)-5.6(lly)-610.3(a)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-618.1(s)-5.5(imila)-5.6(r)-619(s)-5.5(tru)-4.6(c)-5.6(tu)-4.6(ra)-5.6(lly)]TJ -12.513 -1.1426 TD 0.003 Tc [(t)5.7(o)-660.2(et)5.7(her)5.6(s)-0.3(.)-655.5(U)2.3(nl)5.7(i)5.7(k)0.6(e)-661.1(e)-0.4(t)5.7(h)0.6(er)5.6(s,)-648.6(acet)5.7(al)5.7(s)-654.2(a)-0.4(r)5.6(e)-654.2(hydr)5.6(ol)5.7(yzed)-646.4(by)-660.2(aci)5.7(ds)-654.2(i)5.7(n)0.6(t)5.7(o)-660.2(t)5.7(h)0.6(ei)5.7(r)]TJ T* 0.0016 Tc [(respect)4.3(i)4.3(v)-0.8(e)-332.2(a)-1.8(l)4.3(d)-0.8(ehydes.)-326.6(H\(R\)CO)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 12.6573 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (HO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 175.86 187.0951 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 179.4 188.4151 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 185.7 187.0951 Tm (5)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 189.24 188.4151 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 192.48 187.0951 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 198.48 188.4151 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD -0.001 Tc (H\(R\)C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 2.7187 0 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 263.88 187.0951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 267.42 188.4151 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 273.72 187.0951 Tm (5)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 277.26 188.4151 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 280.5 187.0951 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 286.02 188.4151 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf -29.5067 -1.1425 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 35.1 177.1351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 38.64 178.4551 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(O.)-483.8(Repr)5.3(esent)5.4(a)-0.7(t)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(e)-475.6(acet)5.4(al)5.4(s)-482.4(i)5.4(ncl)5.4(ude:)-476.4(C)2.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 179.94 177.1351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 183.48 178.4551 Tm -0.0002 Tc (\(OCH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 204.78 177.1351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 208.32 178.4551 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 211.2 177.1351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 214.8 178.4551 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(,)-483.7(m)3.1(et)5.5(hyl)5.5(ene)-482.4(d)0.4(i)5.5(m)3.1(et)5.5(hyl)]TJ -21.3368 -1.1357 TD 0.0017 Tc [(et)4.4(her,)-285.2(bp)-282.9(42)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 70.92 172.5751 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 74.4 168.5551 Tm 0.0006 Tc [(C;)-292.7(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 97.32 167.2351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 100.86 168.5551 Tm 0.0001 Tc [(CH)-289.7(\(OCH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 136.8 167.2351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 140.34 168.5551 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 143.22 167.2351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 146.76 168.5551 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(,)-291.5(e)-1.2(t)4.9(hyl)4.9(i)4.9(d)-0.2(ene)-276.5(d)-0.2(i)4.9(m)2.4(et)4.9(hyl)-284.2(et)4.9(her,)-277.8(bp)-289.3(64)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 265.98 172.5751 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 269.46 168.5551 Tm 0.0018 Tc [(C;)-284.6(and)]TJ -27.607 -1.1425 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 40.92 157.2751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 44.46 158.5951 Tm -0.0002 Tc (CH\(OC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 71.58 157.2751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 75.12 158.5951 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 81.42 157.2751 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 84.96 158.5951 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 87.84 157.2751 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 91.44 158.5951 Tm 0.0021 Tc [(,)-326.1(e)-1.3(t)4.8(hyl)4.8(i)4.8(d)-0.3(ene)-324.8(d)-0.3(i)4.8(e)-1.3(t)4.8(hyl)-325.6(et)4.8(her,)-326.1(bp)-330.7(104)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 210.12 162.6151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 213.6 158.5951 Tm 0.0006 Tc (C.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -21.1991 -2.2438 TD 0.0012 Tc [(ACET)76.3(A)0.5(L)-329.8(R)0.5(ESINS.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.2848 0 TD 0.0025 Tc (See)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.7826 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Resi)5.3(ns)-324.2(\()5.2(A)1.9(cet)5.2(al)5.3(\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.4973 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -17.5647 -2.2438 TD 0.0007 Tc [(ACET)75.8(A)75.7(TE)-406(DYE.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.452 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(One)-399.9(g)0.3(r)5.3(oup)-398.9(compr)5.3(i)5.4(ses)-392.9(w)2(at)5.4(er)-400.8(i)5.4(n)0.3(sol)5.4(ubl)5.4(e)-393(azo)-398.9(or)-400.8(ant)5.4(h)0.3(r)5.3(a)-0.7(-)]TJ -8.452 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(qui)5.2(none)-510.2(dyes)-510.1(t)5.2(hat)-517.9(h)0.1(ave)-510.2(b)0.1(e)-517.1(h)0.1(i)5.2(ghl)5.2(y)-516.2(d)0.1(i)5.2(s)-0.8(persed)-502.4(t)5.2(o)-523(make)-510.2(t)5.2(h)0.1(em)-520.3(capabl)5.2(e)-503.3(of)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(penet)5.6(r)5.5(at)5.6(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)-426.3(a)-0.5(nd)-433.2(dyei)5.6(n)0.5(g)-426.3(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e)-427.2()1.4(ber)5.5(s)-0.4(.)-421.6(A)-438.3(second)-419.4(cl)5.6(ass)-427.1(c)-0.5(onsi)5.6(s)-0.4(t)5.6(s)-420.3(of)-435(wat)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(-)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(n)-0.4(sol)4.7(ubl)4.7(e)-386.8(a)-1.4(mi)4.7(no)-392.8(azo)-385.9(dyes)-386.8(t)4.7(hat)-387.6(a)-1.4(re)-393.7(made)-386.8(wat)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-387.7(s)-1.3(ol)4.7(ubl)4.7(e)-386.8(b)-0.4(y)-392.8(t)4.7(reat)4.7(ment)-387.6(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)]TJ T* 0.001 Tc [(formaldehyde)-484.2(and)-490.1(b)-1.4(isulte.)-485.5(After)-498.8(a)-2.4(bs)]TJ 15.906 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(orption)-483.5(b)-1.7(y)-490.4(t)3.4(he)-498.2(ber,)-485.8(t)3.4(he)-498.2(resulting)]TJ -15.906 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(sul)5(f)4.9(oni)5(c)-331.5(aci)5(ds)-324.5(hydrol)5(yze)-317.7(a)-1.1(nd)-323.6(regenerat)5(e)-324.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-331.5(i)5(nsol)5(ubl)5(e)-324.6(dyes.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-325.5(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.7236 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(Dye)-325.1(a)-0.6(nd)-330.1(Dye)-325.1(I)-1.5(nt)4.4(ermedi)4.5(a)-0.6(t)4.4(e)-1.6(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.9002 0 TD 0.3208 Tc [(;a)317.4(n)318.4(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3745 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(Dyes:)-319.4(A)0.8(nthraquinone)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.2917 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf 3.6827 81.6029 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ACET)76.2(A)76.1(TE)-329.9(FIBERS.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.8767 0 TD 0.0025 Tc (See)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.7826 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Fi)5.4(bers:)-318.2(A)2(cet)5.3(at)5.3(e)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.6143 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -18.2736 -2.4228 TD 0.0008 Tc [(ACET)75.9(A)75.8(TES.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.4904 0 TD 0.0025 Tc (See)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.7757 0 TD -0.0012 Tc [(Ac)-4.6(e)-4.6(t)1.4(ic)-335(Ac)-4.6(id)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.0037 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.6057 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Fi)5.4(bers:)-325(A)2(cet)5.3(at)5.3(e)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.6212 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -20.4968 -2.4296 TD 0.0012 Tc [(ACETIC)-495.1(ACID.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.1973 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [([CAS:)-499.4(64-19-7].)-499.8(C)-0.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 456.06 727.515 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 459.6 728.835 Tm 0.0008 Tc [(COOH,)-499.4(formula)-505(w)0.1(eight)-499(60.05,)]TJ -17.3034 -1.1426 TD 0.0015 Tc [(col)4.2(o)-0.9(rl)4.2(ess,)-361.1(acri)4.2(d)-372.6(l)4.2(i)4.2(qui)4.2(d,)-374.8(mp)-379.5(16.7)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 421.44 722.895 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 424.92 718.875 Tm 0.0014 Tc [(C,)-374.9(bp)-372.7(118.1)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 467.88 722.895 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 471.36 718.875 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-374.4(sp)-372.2(gr)-374(1.049.)-360.7(Al)4.6(so)-379.1(known)]TJ -18.6525 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(as)-455(et)5.3(hanoi)5.3(c)-441.3(aci)5.3(d)-454.1(o)0.2(r)-455.9(v)0.2(i)5.3(n)0.2(egar)-442.2(aci)5.3(d,)-449.4(t)5.3(h)0.2(i)5.3(s)-461.9(compound)-440.3(i)5.3(s)-461.9(mi)5.3(sci)5.3(b)0.2(l)5.3(e)-455(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-461(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 560.76 707.595 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 564.2999 708.915 Tm 0.0007 Tc (O,)Tj -29.314 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(al)5(cohol)5(,)-284.6(a)-1.1(nd)-289.2(et)5(her)-284.1(i)5(n)-296.1(a)-1.1(l)5(l)-291(proport)5(i)5(ons.)-291.4(A)1.6(cet)5(i)5(c)-290.2(aci)5(d)-289.2(i)5(s)-297(a)-1.1(vai)5(l)5(a)-1.1(bl)5(e)-283.3(c)-1.1(ommerci)5(a)-1.1(l)5(l)5(y)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(n)-550.7(several)-538.6(c)-1(oncent)5.1(r)5(at)5.1(i)5.1(ons.)-532.2(T)0.8(he)-544.7(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 438.18 687.615 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 441.72 688.9351 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(COOH)-541.8(cont)5.3(ent)-538.4(o)0.2(f)-552.3(g)0.2(l)5.3(aci)5.3(al)-538.5(acet)5.3(i)5.3(c)-544.5(i)5.3(s)]TJ -15.2524 -1.1494 TD 0.0016 Tc [(approxi)4.3(mat)4.3(e)-1.8(l)4.3(y)-482.6(99.7%)-486.9(wi)4.3(t)4.3(h)-503.3(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 416.4 677.595 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 419.94 678.915 Tm -0.0021 Tc [(O,)-495.4(th)-4.5(e)-501(p)-4.5(rin)-4.5(c)-5.5(ip)-4.5(a)-5.5(l)-488.1(imp)-4.5(u)-4.5(r)0.5(ity)-4.5(.)-502.3(R)-2.7(e)-5.5(a)-5.5(g)-4.5(e)-5.5(n)-4.5(t)-481.2(a)-5.5(c)-5.5(e)-5.5(tic)]TJ -12.7539 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(aci)5.4(d)-350.8(g)0.3(ener)5.3(al)5.4(l)5.4(y)-343.9(cont)5.4(ai)5.4(ns)-344.8(36%)-355(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 425.34 667.635 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 428.82 668.955 Tm 0.0016 Tc [(COOH)-357(by)-351.9(wei)4.3(ght)4.3(.)-354.1(S)0.1(t)4.3(a)-1.8(ndard)-345(commerci)4.3(al)]TJ -13.7725 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(aqueous)-269.4(sol)5(u)-0.1(t)5(i)5(ons)-283.2(are)-290.2(28,)-284.6(56,)-284.6(70,)-284.6(80,)-284.6(85,)-284.6(and)-282.3(90%)-279.7(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 499.98 657.615 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 503.52 658.9351 Tm 0.0005 Tc [(COOH.)-286.4(Acetic)-292(acid)]TJ -22.3417 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(i)4.9(s)-255.8(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-255.8(act)4.9(i)4.9(v)-0.2(e)-255.8(i)4.9(ngredi)4.9(e)-1.2(nt)-249.8(i)4.9(n)-254.9(vi)4.9(negar)-249.8(i)4.9(n)-254.9(w)1.5(hi)4.9(ch)-254.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-255.8(c)-1.2(ont)4.9(ent)-249.8(r)4.8(anges)-242(from)-259.1(4)-261.8(t)4.9(o)-254.9(5%)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 320.88 637.635 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 324.42 638.955 Tm 0.0008 Tc [(COOH.)-292.9(Acetic)-298.5(acid)-297.6(i)3.5(s)-298.5(c)-2.6(lassied)-290.7(a)-2.6(s)-291.6(a)]TJ 15.1214 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(weak,)-291.7(m)2.3(onobasic)-283.6(acid.)-291.7(The)-297.3(t)4.7(hree)]TJ -16.9178 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(hydr)5(ogen)-289.1(a)-1(t)5.1(o)0(ms)-303.8(l)5.1(i)5.1(nked)-302.9(t)5.1(o)-302.9(one)-303.8(of)-297.8(t)5.1(h)0(e)-303.8(t)5.1(wo)-309.8(car)5(bon)-296(at)5.1(oms)-296.9(a)-1(r)5(e)-303.8(not)-304.6(r)5(e)-1(pl)5.1(aceabl)5.1(e)]TJ T* -0.0019 Tc [(b)-4.3(y)-334.7(me)-5.3(ta)-5.3(ls)-5.2(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0008 Tc [(In)-779.4(addition)-779.4(t)3.5(o)-786.3(t)3.5(he)-773.5(lar)24.1(g)-1.6(e)-787.2(quan)]TJ 13.9513 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(tities)-773.3(o)-1.5(f)-781.1(v)-1.5(inegar)-767.3(produced,)-760.9(acetic)]TJ -15.0939 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(aci)4.4(d)-730.3(i)4.4(n)-737.2(i)4.4(t)4.4(s)-738.1(more)-731.3(concent)4.4(r)4.3(at)4.4(ed)-723.4(forms)-731.2(i)4.4(s)-738.1(a)-1.7(n)-730.3(i)4.4(mport)4.4(a)-1.7(nt)-732.1(hi)4.4(gh-t)4.4(onnage)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(i)5.4(ndust)5.4(r)5.3(i)5.4(a)-0.7(l)-572.8(c)-0.7(hemi)5.4(cal)5.4(,)-566.4(bot)5.4(h)-571(a)-0.7(s)-571.9(a)-578.8(r)5.3(eact)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(e)-571.9(r)5.3(aw)-576.1(and)-571(i)5.4(nt)5.4(er)5.3(medi)5.4(at)5.4(e)-571.9(m)2.9(at)5.4(er)5.3(i)5.4(a)-0.7(l)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(for)-511(v)0.2(ari)5.3(ous)-503.2(or)25.9(gani)5.3(c)-503.2(s)-0.7(ynt)5.3(heses)-489.4(a)-0.8(nd)-502.3(as)-510(an)-502.3(excel)5.3(l)5.3(e)-0.8(nt)-497.2(sol)5.3(v)0.2(ent)5.3(.)-497.6(Acet)5.3(i)5.3(c)-510.1(aci)5.3(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(s)-641.4(requi)4.7(red)-640.5(i)4.7(n)-640.5(t)4.7(he)-641.5(product)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-633.7(o)-0.4(f)-635.5(s)-1.3(everal)-628.5(synt)4.7(het)4.7(i)4.7(c)-634.6(resi)4.7(ns)-641.4(and)-633.7()0.5(bers,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(phar)5.3(m)3(aceut)5.4(i)5.4(cal)5.4(s,)-483.8(phot)5.4(ogr)5.3(aphi)5.4(c)-489.4(c)-0.7(hemi)5.4(cal)5.4(s,)-490.6(avor)5.3(ant)5.4(s)-0.6(,)-490.6(a)-0.7(nd)-502.2(bl)5.4(eachi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-488.4(a)-0.7(nd)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(et)5.2(chi)5.2(n)0.1(g)-323.4(c)-0.9(ompounds.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(Earl)4.7(y)-537.3(c)-1.4(ommerci)4.7(a)-1.4(l)-525.3(s)-1.3(ources)-524.4(of)-539.1(acet)4.7(i)4.7(c)-531.4(aci)4.7(d)-530.4(i)4.7(ncl)4.7(uded)-530.4(\()4.6(1\))-332.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-538.2(c)-1.4(ombi)4.7(ned)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-597.1(o)-5.1(f)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 4.4738 0 TD 0.0031 Tc [(Bact)5.8(eri)5.8(u)0.7(m)-513.8(a)0.7(cet)5.8(i)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.3508 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(and)-591.7(a)-0.7(i)5.4(r)-593.5(on)-591.7(et)5.4(hyl)-586.5(al)5.4(cohol)-586.5(i)5.4(n)-598.5(an)-591.7(oxi)5.4(dat)5.4(i)5.4(on-)]TJ -11.8246 -1.1494 TD -0.0015 Tc [(fe)-4.9(rme)-4.9(n)-3.9(ta)-4.9(tion)-341.2(p)-3.9(roc)-4.9(e)-4.9(s)-4.8(s)-4.8(:)-329.2(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 393.66 517.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 397.2 519.1351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 403.5 517.8151 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 407.04 519.1351 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 436.56 517.8151 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 442.56 519.1351 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 481.02 517.8151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 484.56 519.1351 Tm 0.0007 Tc (COOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.0559 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 526.2 517.8151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 529.74 519.1351 Tm 0.0007 Tc [(O,)-341.2(the)-339.9(s)-2.6(ame)]TJ -25.3495 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(r)5.5(eact)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-453.8(w)2.2(hi)5.6(ch)-453.8(occur)5.5(s)-447.8(when)-446.9(weak)-453.8(al)5.6(cohol)5.6(i)5.6(c)-447.9(bever)5.5(a)-0.5(ges,)-435.4(such)-446.9(as)-454.7(beer)-448.7(or)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(wi)5.4(ne,)-236(a)-0.7(r)5.3(e)-241.6(exposed)-220(t)5.4(o)-240.6(ai)5.4(r)-242.5(f)5.3(or)-235.6(a)-241.6(p)0.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(l)5.4(onged)-233.8(p)0.3(er)5.3(i)5.4(o)0.3(d)-233.8(a)-0.7(nd)-233.8(whi)5.4(c)-0.7(h)-233.8(t)5.4(ur)5.3(n)-247.5(s)-0.6(our)-228.7(because)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0009 Tc [(of)-271.8(the)-277.8(f)3.5(ormation)-276.8(o)-1.5(f)-271.8(acetic)-270.9(acid;)-271.7(and)-270(\()]TJ 14.8185 0 TD 0.0003 Tc [(2\))-327.4(the)-278.4(d)-2.1(estructive)-271.5(d)-2.1(istillation)-284.3(o)-2.1(f)-272.4(w)-0.4(ood.)]TJ -14.8185 -1.1494 TD -0.002 Tc [(A)-305.5(n)-4.4(u)-4.4(m)-1.7(b)-4.4(e)-5.4(r)-295.3(o)-4.4(f)-302.2(n)-4.4(a)-5.4(t)0.7(u)-4.4(r)0.6(a)-5.4(l)-302.2(v)-4.4(i)0.7(n)-4.4(e)-5.4(g)-4.4(a)-5.4(rs)-294.4(s)-5.3(till)-315.9(a)-5.4(r)0.6(e)-301.3(m)-1.8(a)-5.4(d)-4.4(e)-301.3(b)-4.4(y)-307.3(f)0.6(e)-5.4(r)0.6(me)-5.4(n)-4.4(t)0.7(a)-5.4(tio)-4.4(n)-300.4(a)-5.4(n)-4.4(d)-300.4(ma)-5.4(rk)-4.4(e)-5.4(t)0.7(e)-5.4(d)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(as)-248.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-255.8(n)-0.2(at)4.9(ural)-249.8(product)4.9(,)-250.2(but)-249.8(di)4.9(l)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(e)-1.2(d)-254.9(c)-1.2(ommerci)4.9(a)-1.2(l)4.9(l)4.9(y)-248(and)-248(s)-1.1(ynt)4.9(het)4.9(i)4.9(cal)4.9(l)4.9(y)-248(produced)]TJ T* 0.0009 Tc [(acetic)-264(acid)-270(i)3.6(s)-270.8(a)-270.9(much)-263.1(more)-270.9(economic)-264(rout)]TJ 16.787 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(e)-271.6(t)2.9(o)-270.7(f)2.8(ollow.)-279.8(The)-264.7(w)-0.5(ood)-263.8(distillation)]TJ -16.787 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(r)5.4(out)5.5(e)-324.1(w)2.1(as)-324(phased)-316.2(out)-318(because)-310.3(of)-324.9(shor)5.4(t)5.5(a)-0.6(ges)-317.1(o)0.4(f)-324.9(r)5.4(aw)-321.4(mat)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(i)5.5(al)5.5(s)-330.9(a)-0.6(nd)-323.1(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-324.1(m)3.1(uch)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(more)-331.7(at)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(act)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-331.7(economy)-317(o)-0.3(f)-325.6(s)-1.2(ynt)4.8(het)4.8(i)4.8(c)-324.8(processes.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0018 Tc [(The)-710.5(m)2(ost)-718.2(i)4.5(mport)4.5(a)-1.6(nt)-711.3(synt)4.5(het)4.5(i)4.5(c)-710.5(processes)-703.6(a)-1.6(re)-717.4(\(1\))-325.9(t)4.5(he)-724.3(oxi)4.5(dat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-709.6(o)-0.6(f)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(acet)5.6(al)5.6(dehyde,)-669.4(a)-0.5(nd)-694.7(\()5.5(2)0.5(\))-324.8(t)5.6(he)-702.5(di)5.6(r)5.5(ect)-689.6(synt)5.6(hesi)5.6(s)-688.7(f)5.5(r)5.5(o)0.5(m)-698.9(m)3.2(et)5.6(hyl)-689.6(al)5.6(cohol)-682.7(and)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(car)5.4(bon)-605.3(monoxi)5.5(de.)-600.7(T)1.2(he)-606.3(l)5.5(a)-0.6(t)5.5(t)5.5(e)-0.6(r)-614(r)5.4(eact)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-605.3(m)3.1(ust)-607.1(p)0.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(ceed)-605.3(under)-600.3(v)0.4(er)5.4(y)-612.2(h)0.4(i)5.5(g)0.4(h)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(pressure)-641.6(\(approxi)4.6(mat)4.6(e)-1.5(l)4.6(y)-647.5(650)-647.5(at)4.6(mospheres\))-635.6(and)-647.5(a)-1.5(t)-649.3(a)-1.5(bout)-649.3(250)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 542.04 403.3351 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 545.52 399.315 Tm 0.0013 Tc [(C.)-650.3(The)]TJ -27.1597 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(react)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-467.8(t)5.4(akes)-461.8(pl)5.4(ace)-461.8(i)5.4(n)-474.7(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-468.7(l)5.4(i)5.4(qui)5.4(d)-474.7(phase)-461.8(and)-460.9(d)0.3(i)5.4(ssol)5.4(v)0.3(ed)-460.9(cobal)5.4(t)5.4(ous)-461.8(i)5.4(odi)5.4(de)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0019 Tc [(is)-301.2(th)-4.3(e)-294.4(c)-5.3(a)-5.3(t)0.8(a)-5.3(l)0.8(y)-4.3(s)-5.2(t.)-288.8(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 373.86 378.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 377.4 379.335 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 453.6 378.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 457.2 379.335 Tm 0.0014 Tc [(COOH)-288.4(and)-290.1(C)0.8(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 511.74 378.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 515.28 379.335 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OCH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 533.64 378.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 539.16 379.335 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 554.16 378.015 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 557.7 379.335 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.9498 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf -29.5067 -1.1426 TD 0.0015 Tc (2CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.1681 0 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()6.9()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0015 Tc (2CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 370.44 368.0551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 373.98 369.375 Tm 0.0011 Tc [(COOH.)-320.2(The)-325.8(c)-2.3(rude)-318.9(acid)-324.8(p)-1.3(roduced)-311.1(rst)-319.7(is)-325.7(separated)-317.9(from)]TJ -7.4816 -1.1494 TD 0.0017 Tc [(the)-366.5(catalyst)-353.5(a)-1.7(nd)-358.6(then)-365.5(dehydrated)-351.8(an)]TJ 14.674 0 TD 0.0003 Tc [(d)-360(puried)-366.9(in)-366.9(an)-366.9(azeotropic)-354.1(d)-2.1(istillation)]TJ -14.674 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(col)4.4(u)-0.7(mn.)-319.6(T)0.1(he)-332.1(nal)-326(product)-319.1(i)4.4(s)-332(a)-1.7(pproxi)4.4(mat)4.4(e)-1.7(l)4.4(y)-324.2(99.8%)-328.5(pure)-325.2(C)1.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 522.3 348.075 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 525.84 349.395 Tm 0.0007 Tc (COOH.)Tj -23.7595 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(Acet)5.7(i)5.7(c)-406.5(aci)5.7(d)-412.4(s)-0.3(ol)5.7(ut)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)-405.5(r)5.6(eact)5.7(s)-406.4(w)2.3(i)5.7(t)5.7(h)-419.3(al)5.7(kal)5.7(i)5.7(s)-406.4(t)5.7(o)-419.3(f)5.6(o)0.6(r)5.6(m)-409.7(acet)5.7(at)5.7(es,)-400.9(e)-0.4(.)5.2(g)0.6(.)5.2(,)-407.8(sodi)5.7(um)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e,)-435.4(cal)5.6(ci)5.6(um)-444.2(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e;)-434.9(si)5.6(mi)5.6(l)5.6(a)-0.5(r)5.5(l)5.6(y,)-456(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-453.8(some)-441(oxi)5.6(des,)-442.3(e.)5.1(g.)5.1(,)-449.1(l)5.6(ead)-440(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e;)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(wi)5.7(t)5.7(h)-309.2(car)5.6(bonat)5.7(e)-0.4(s,)-283.9(e.)5.2(g.)5.2(,)-304.5(s)-0.3(odi)5.7(um)-292.7(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e,)-297.6(cal)5.7(ci)5.7(um)-292.7(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e,)-297.6(magnesi)5.7(um)-285.8(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e;)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-453.8(some)-441(sul)5.6()1.4(des,)-435.4(e.)5.1(g.)5.1(,)-449.1(z)-0.5(i)5.6(n)0.5(c)-447.9(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e,)-435.4(manganese)-434.1(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e.)-435.4(Fer)5.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(c)-454.7(acet)5.6(at)5.6(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0012 Tc [(solution,)-526.6(upon)-524.3(boiling,)-526.6(yields)-525.2(a)-532.2(r)3.8(ed)-531.2(pr)]TJ 16.6906 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(ecipitate)-525.7(of)-533.4(basic)-525.7(f)3.4(erric)-532.5(acetate.)]TJ -16.6906 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Acet)4.9(i)4.9(c)-290.3(aci)4.9(d)-289.3(s)-1.1(ol)4.9(ut)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-289.3(a)-1.2(t)4.9(t)4.9(acks)-283.3(m)2.5(any)-289.3(m)2.5(et)4.9(al)4.9(s,)-284.7(l)4.9(i)4.9(b)-0.2(erat)4.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-296.2(hydrogen)-275.6(a)-1.2(nd)-289.3(formi)4.9(n)-0.2(g)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(acet)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-401.2(e.)4.9(g.)4.9(,)-414.9(m)3(agnesi)5.4(um,)-401.2(z)-0.7(i)5.4(n)0.3(c,)-408(i)5.4(r)5.3(on.)-414.9(Acet)5.4(i)5.4(c)-406.8(aci)5.4(d)-412.7(i)5.4(s)-420.5(a)-0.7(n)-405.8(i)5.4(mpor)5.3(t)5.4(a)-0.7(nt)-414.5(or)26(gani)5.4(c)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(subst)5.3(a)-0.8(nce,)-697.2(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-722.5(al)5.3(cohol)5.3(s)-702.8(f)5.2(or)5.2(mi)5.3(ng)-722.5(est)5.3(e)-0.8(r)5.2(s)-716.5(\()5.2(acet)5.3(at)5.3(es\))5.2(;)-703.6(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-722.5(phosphor)5.2(us)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(r)4.8(i)4.9(c)-1.2(hl)4.9(or)4.8(i)4.9(d)-0.2(e)-579.3(f)4.8(or)4.8(mi)4.9(ng)-578.4(acet)4.9(yl)-566.4(chl)4.9(o)-0.2(r)4.8(i)4.9(de)-579.3(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.86 258.1951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 458.4 259.5151 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.3903 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Cl)4.7(,)-580.8(w)1.3(hi)4.7(ch)-571.7(i)4.7(s)-579.5(an)-571.7(i)4.7(m)2.2(port)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)]TJ -18.8314 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(r)5.6(eagent)-634.4(f)5.6(or)-655.1(t)5.7(r)5.6(ansf)5.6(er)-641.4(of)-648.2(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-654.2(acet)5.7(yl)-641.3(\()5.6(C)2.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 459.12 248.1751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 462.66 249.4951 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.3903 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(\))-655.3(g)0.4(r)5.4(oup;)-641.5(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-653.5(acet)5.5(i)5.5(c)]TJ -19.8225 -1.1425 TD 0.003 Tc [(anhydr)5.6(i)5.7(d)0.6(e,)-325.2(al)5.7(so)-336.7(an)-336.7(acet)5.7(yl)-331.6(r)5.6(eagent)5.7(;)-331.6(f)5.6(o)0.6(r)5.6(m)3.3(i)5.7(n)0.6(g)-350.5(acet)5.7(one)-323.9(and)-336.7(cal)5.7(ci)5.7(um)-334(car)5.6(bonat)5.7(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(when)-591.9(passed)-585(over)-586.8(l)5.2(i)5.2(m)2.8(e)-606.6(a)-0.9(nd)-591.9(a)-599.7(cat)5.2(al)5.2(yzer)-586.8(\(bari)5.2(u)0.1(m)-596.1(carbonat)5.2(e)-0.9(\))-586.8(o)0.1(r)-593.7(w)1.8(hen)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(cal)5.4(ci)5.4(um)-644(acet)5.4(at)5.4(e)-640.8(i)5.4(s)-654.5(h)0.3(eat)5.4(ed;)-641.6(f)5.3(or)5.3(mi)5.4(ng)-653.6(met)5.4(h)0.3(ane)-647.7(\()5.3(and)-646.7(s)-0.6(odi)5.4(um)-644(car)5.3(bonat)5.4(e)-0.7(\))]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(when)-571.1(sodi)5.3(um)-568.4(acet)5.3(at)5.3(e)-565.2(i)5.3(s)-578.9(h)0.2(eat)5.3(ed)-564.2(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-584.9(NaOH;)-572.9(f)5.2(o)0.2(r)5.2(m)2.8(i)5.3(n)0.2(g)-578(m)2.9(ono-)5.2(,)-573.3(d)0.2(i)5.3(-)5.2(,)-573.3(t)5.3(r)5.2(i)5.3(-)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(chl)5.3(o)0.2(r)5.2(o)0.2(acet)5.3(i)5.3(c)-296.7(\()5.2(o)0.2(r)-304.5(b)0.2(r)5.2(o)0.2(moacet)5.3(i)5.3(c)-0.8(\))-297.6(aci)5.3(ds)-303.6(by)-302.7(r)5.2(eact)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-302.7(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)-316.4(chl)5.3(o)0.2(r)5.2(i)5.3(ne)-303.6(\()5.2(o)0.2(r)-304.5(b)0.2(r)5.2(o)0.2(mi)5.3(ne\))]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(from)-376.2(w)1.4(hi)4.8(ch)-372(hydroxy-)-360.1(and)-372(a)-1.3(mi)4.8(no-,)-367.4(a)-1.3(l)4.8(d)-0.3(ehydi)4.8(c-,)-367.3(d)-0.3(i)4.8(b)-0.3(asi)4.8(c)-366.1(aci)4.8(ds,)-367.4(r)4.7(espect)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(el)4.8(y,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0009 Tc [(may)-469.6(b)-1.5(e)-470.5(m)1.2(ade;)-464.4(forming)-476.5(acetamide)-456.7(w)0.2(hen)-469.6(a)-2.5(mmonium)-466.9(acetate)-463.6(i)3.6(s)-470.4(d)-1.5(istilled.)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Acet)5.1(i)5.1(c)-586(aci)5.1(d)-585.1(d)0(i)5.1(ssol)5.1(v)0(es)-572.2(sul)5.1(f)5(ur)-586.9(and)-585.1(phosphorus,)-566.7(i)5.1(s)-586(a)-1(n)-585.1(i)5.1(mport)5.1(a)-1(nt)-586.8(sol)5.1(v)0(ent)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(for)-552.5(o)0(r)25.7(g)0(ani)5.1(c)-551.6(subst)5.1(a)-1(nces,)-525.4(a)-1(nd)-550.7(causes)-537.8(p)0(ai)5.1(nful)-545.5(wounds)-544.7(when)-543.8(i)5.1(t)-559.3(comes)-544.7(i)5.1(n)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(cont)5.6(act)-262.8(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-274.9(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-275.8(s)-0.4(ki)5.6(n.)-263.3(Nor)5.5(m)3.1(al)-269.7(acet)5.6(at)5.6(es)-262(ar)5.5(e)-275.8(s)-0.4(ol)5.6(ubl)5.6(e,)-263.3(basi)5.6(c)-268.9(acet)5.6(at)5.6(es)-262(i)5.6(n)0.5(sol)5.6(ubl)5.6(e.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.002 Tc [(The)-641.5(l)4.7(at)4.7(t)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-649.2(a)-1.4(re)-641.5(i)4.7(m)2.3(port)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)-649.2(i)4.7(n)-647.4(t)4.7(h)-0.4(ei)4.7(r)-642.4(c)-1.4(ompounds)-634.5(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-647.4(l)4.7(ead,)-642.8(a)-1.4(nd)-640.5(copper)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.001 Tc [(\()-4.4(ve)-4.4(rdigris)-4.3()-4.4(\).)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(A)-253.1(l)4.9(ar)25.5(ge)-262.7(number)-243(o)-0.2(f)-256.7(acet)4.9(i)4.9(c)-249(aci)4.9(d)-248(e)-1.2(st)4.9(ers)-255.8(a)-1.2(re)-255.8(i)4.9(m)2.4(port)4.9(a)-1.2(nt)-249.8(i)4.9(ndust)4.9(r)4.8(i)4.9(a)-1.2(l)4.9(l)4.9(y)-0.2(,)-257.1(i)4.9(ncl)4.9(udi)4.9(ng)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(met)5.3(hyl)5.3(,)-415(e)-0.8(t)5.3(hyl)5.3(,)-415(p)0.2(r)5.2(opyl)5.3(,)-415(but)5.3(yl)5.3(,)-415(a)-0.8(myl)5.3(,)-415(and)-412.8(cet)5.3(yl)-407.7(acet)5.3(at)5.3(es;)-400.8(g)0.2(l)5.3(y)0.2(col)-414.6(m)2.9(ono-)-407.7(and)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(di)5.7(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e;)-524.3(gl)5.7(ycer)5.6(yl)-524.3(mono-)5.6(,)-524.8(d)0.6(i)5.7(-)5.6(,)-538.5(a)-0.4(nd)-529.4(t)5.7(r)5.6(i)5.7(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e;)-531.2(gl)5.7(ucose)-516.6(p)0.6(ent)5.7(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e;)-517.4(and)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0033 Tc [(cel)6(l)6(u)0.9(l)6(o)0.9(se)-323.6(t)6(r)5.9(i)6(-)5.9(,)-338.6(t)6(et)6(r)5.9(a)-0.1(-)5.9(,)-331.7(and)-329.5(p)0.9(ent)6(acet)6(at)6(e.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0013 Tc 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164.88 496.275 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 171.36 497.595 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6057 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.7276 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6057 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 209.1 496.275 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 215.58 497.595 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 245.16 496.275 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 248.64 497.595 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 254.94 496.275 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 258.48 497.595 Tm -0.0026 Tc (\).)Tj -25.2049 -1.1425 TD -0.0021 Tc [(On)-589.6(b)-4.5(o)-4.5(ilin)-4.5(g)-589.6(e)-5.5(s)-5.4(t)0.6(e)-5.5(r)-584.5(with)-596.5(a)-5.5(c)-5.5(i)0.6(d)-4.5(s)-583.6(o)-4.5(r)-584.5(a)-5.5(l)0.6(k)-4.5(a)-5.5(lie)-5.5(s)-590.5(i)0.6(t)-591.3(w)-2.8(ill)-598.2(s)-5.4(p)-4.5(lit)-584.5(in)-596.5(two)-589.6(w)-2.8(a)-5.5(y)-4.5(s)-5.4(,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-462.6(c)-1.5(i)4.6(r)4.5(cumst)4.6(a)-1.5(nces)-441.9(det)4.6(e)-1.5(rmi)4.6(n)-0.5(i)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-454.8(t)4.6(he)-462.6(nat)4.6(u)-0.5(re)-455.7(of)-456.6(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-462.6(m)2.2(ai)4.6(n)-461.7(p)-0.5(roduct)4.6(.)-450.1(Thus,)-450.1(i)4.6(f)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(moder)5.4(a)-0.6(t)5.5(e)-0.6(l)5.5(y)-488.3(st)5.5(r)5.4(ong)-495.2(aci)5.5(d)-488.3(o)0.4(r)-497(w)2.1(eak)-488.3(al)5.5(kal)5.5(i)-490.1(i)5.5(s)-496.1(empl)5.5(oyed,)-483.7(acet)5.5(one)-482.4(i)5.5(s)-503(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(ed)]TJ T* 0 Tc [(with)-470.5(very)-470.5(little)-478.3(acetic)-464.5(acid)-463.6(\()2.6(ketone)-464.5(sp)]TJ 16.0918 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(litting\).)-471.8(I)3.5(n)-469.6(t)3.6(he)-470.5(presence)-449.9(of)-464.5(strong)]TJ -16.0918 -1.1494 TD 0.0017 Tc [(alkalies,)-464.1(however,)-457.2(v)-0.7(er)]TJ 9.2229 0 TD 0.0003 Tc [(y)-470.2(little)-491.8(acetone)-457.3(and)-470.2(m)]TJ 9.5051 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(uch)-469.2(acetic)-463.2(acid)-469.2(r)3.9(esult)-470.9(\()3.9(acid)]TJ -18.7279 -1.1494 TD 0.0006 Tc [(splitting\).)-561.6(D)-0.1(erivatives)-546.5(of)-547.4(acetoacetic)]TJ 15.9611 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(ester)-546.2(m)2.1(ay)-551.3(be)-545.3(decomposed)-530.6(in)-558.1(the)]TJ -15.9611 -1.1494 TD 0.0013 Tc [(same)-525.2(fashion,)-519.6(and)-524.2(t)4(his)-532(f)3.9(act)-526(is)-532(res)]TJ 14.6602 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(ponsible)-519.4(for)-527.2(t)2.9(he)-533.2(great)-527.1(utility)-539.1(of)-527.2(this)]TJ -14.6602 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(condensat)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-453.8(i)5.6(n)-474.5(o)0.5(r)26.2(g)0.5(ani)5.6(c)-468.5(synt)5.6(hesi)5.6(s.)-456(Thi)5.6(s)-468.4(i)5.6(s)-475.3(al)5.6(so)-467.6(due)-468.5(t)5.6(o)-474.5(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-468.5(r)5.5(eact)5.6(i)5.6(v)0.5(i)5.6(t)5.6(y)-474.5(of)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 1.8102 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8672 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 64.26 406.155 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 67.8 407.475 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8672 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(gr)5.2(oup,)-573.3(whi)5.3(c)-0.8(h)-584.9(r)5.2(eact)5.3(s)-578.9(r)5.2(eadi)5.3(l)5.3(y)-584.9(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-591.8(var)5.2(i)5.3(ous)-578.9(gr)5.2(oups,)-573.3(not)5.3(abl)5.3(y)]TJ -5.3411 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(hal)5.4(ogen)-481.5(c)-0.7(ompounds.)-470(U)2(sual)5.4(l)5.4(y)-488.4(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-496.2(s)-0.6(odi)5.4(um)-485.7(sal)5.4(t)-490.2(of)-490.2(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-489.4(e)-0.7(st)5.4(er)-490.2(i)5.4(s)-496.2(used,)-476.9(a)-0.7(nd)]TJ T* [(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-523.7(c)-0.6(ondensat)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-509(i)5.5(s)-530.5(f)5.4(ol)5.5(l)5.5(o)0.4(wed)-522.7(b)0.4(y)-522.7(d)0.4(ecar)5.4(boxyl)5.5(at)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-509(w)2.1(i)5.5(t)5.5(h)-529.6(di)5.5(l)5.5(u)0.4(t)5.5(e)-530.6(al)5.5(kal)5.5(i)5.5(,)-525(or)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0031 Tc [(deacyl)5.8(a)-0.3(t)5.8(i)5.8(o)0.7(n)-315.9(w)2.4(i)5.8(t)5.8(h)-336.6(concent)5.8(r)5.7(at)5.8(ed)-315.9(al)5.8(kal)5.8(i)5.8(.)]TJ 0.2134 -1.9547 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 42.78 359.1151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 48.24 360.435 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHNa)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.7737 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 123.78 359.1151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 127.38 360.435 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 133.62 359.1151 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 139.14 360.435 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (RI)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.2802 0 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 197.46 359.1151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 202.92 360.435 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHR)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.2782 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4956 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 274.14 359.1151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 277.68 360.435 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 283.98 359.1151 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 199.38 343.9951 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0021 Tc (NaI)Tj -20.3594 -2.4503 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 42.78 321.315 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 48.24 322.635 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHR)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.2782 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4956 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 119.46 321.315 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 123 322.635 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 129.3 321.315 Tm (5)Tj 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 146.76 329.595 Tm (H)Tj 4.1841 0 0 4.1841 151.08 328.695 Tm (2)Tj 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 153.66 329.595 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 135.24 322.635 Tm -0.2225 Tc [()-13.8()-6.9()-20.6()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 138.24 316.275 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(Dilute)4.8(a)4.8(l)-0.6(ka)4.8(li)]TJ 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 171.9 322.635 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 184.02 321.315 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 189.48 322.635 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 224.34 321.315 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 227.88 322.635 Tm (R)Tj /F5 1 Tf -3.2693 -2.4021 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 213.96 300.375 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 217.5 301.695 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 223.8 300.375 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 227.34 301.695 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 262.68 300.375 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 30.66 280.335 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 42.78 279.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 48.24 280.335 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHR)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.2782 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4956 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 119.46 279.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 123 280.335 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 129.3 279.015 Tm (5)Tj 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 153.72 287.295 Tm 0.3331 Tc (2H)Tj 4.1841 0 0 4.1841 163.02 286.395 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 165.6 287.295 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 135.24 280.335 Tm -0.2225 Tc [()13.8()-6.9()13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 138.24 273.9751 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(Concent)-4.3(r)0.5(at)-4.3(ed)-344.4(al)-4.3(kal)-4.3(i)]TJ 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 190.8 280.335 Tm 0.0007 Tc (HOOC)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.0559 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 233.94 279.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 239.4 280.335 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD (R)Tj /F5 1 Tf -5.0933 -2.4021 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 213.96 258.0751 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 217.5 259.3951 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 223.8 258.0751 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 227.34 259.3951 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 262.68 258.0751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 266.28 259.3951 Tm 0.0007 Tc (COOH)Tj /F2 1 Tf -27.2423 -3.3726 TD [(ACET)20.7(O)1(NE.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.1738 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [([CAS:)-520(67-64-1].)-513.6(C)-0.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 158.76 228.6751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 162.3 229.9951 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7984 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.3903 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7915 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 200.4 228.6751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 203.94 229.9951 Tm 0.0015 Tc [(,)-519.4(f)4.1(ormul)4.2(a)-518.1(wei)4.2(ght)-512(58.08,)]TJ -20.091 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(col)4.8(o)-0.3(rl)4.8(ess,)-443.1(odorous)-441.7(l)4.8(i)4.8(qui)4.8(d)-461.5(k)-0.3(et)4.8(one,)-436.2(m)2.4(p)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 15.8303 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (94)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD (6)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 189.12 224.0551 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 192.66 219.9751 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(C,)-450.8(bp)-455.5(56.5)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 232.62 224.0551 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 236.1 219.9751 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-450.1(sp)-454.8(gr)-449.7(0.792.)]TJ -23.7802 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Al)4.9(so)-358.1(known)-344.4(a)-1.2(s)-359(d)-0.2(i)4.9(m)2.5(et)4.9(hyl)-346.1(ket)4.9(one)-352.2(or)-353.1(propanone,)-339.7(t)4.9(hi)4.9(s)-359(c)-1.2(ompound)-344.4(i)4.9(s)-359(mi)4.9(sci)4.9(b)-0.2(l)4.9(e)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(i)4.2(n)-303.8(al)4.2(l)-298.7(p)-0.9(roport)4.2(i)4.2(ons)-297.8(wi)4.2(t)4.2(h)-303.8(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 116.82 198.6151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 120.42 199.9351 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(O,)-298.7(al)4.6(cohol)4.6(,)-291.8(o)-0.5(r)-298.3(e)-1.5(t)4.6(h)-0.5(er.)-298.7(A)1.2(cet)4.6(one)-290.6(i)4.6(s)-297.4(a)-304.3(v)-0.5(ery)-296.5(i)4.6(mport)4.6(a)-1.5(nt)]TJ -10.5101 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(sol)5(v)-0.1(ent)-277.2(a)-1.1(nd)-282.3(i)5(s)-290.1(wi)5(del)5(y)-289.2(used)-275.5(i)5(n)-289.2(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-290.2(m)2.6(anufact)5(ure)-276.4(o)-0.1(f)-291(p)-0.1(l)5(a)-1.1(st)5(i)5(c)-1.1(s)-283.2(a)-1.1(nd)-282.3(l)5(acquers.)-270.8(F)0.8(or)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(st)5.5(or)5.4(age)-358.5(pur)5.4(poses,)-346(acet)5.5(yl)5.5(ene)-344.7(m)3.1(ay)-364.4(be)-358.5(di)5.5(ssol)5.5(v)0.4(ed)-350.7(i)5.5(n)-364.4(acet)5.5(one.)-346(A)-362.7(hi)5.5(gh-)5.4(t)5.5(onnage)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(chemi)5.3(cal)5.3(,)-373.7(acet)5.3(one)-372.4(i)5.3(s)-386.2(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-386.2(s)-0.7(t)5.3(a)-0.8(r)5.2(t)5.3(i)5.3(n)0.2(g)-385.3(i)5.3(ngr)5.2(edi)5.3(e)-0.8(nt)-380.1(or)-380.2(i)5.3(n)0.2(t)5.3(e)-0.8(r)5.2(m)2.9(edi)5.3(a)-0.8(t)5.3(e)-379.3(f)5.2(o)0.2(r)-387.1(numer)5.2(ous)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(or)25.7(gani)5.1(c)-413.9(s)-0.9(ynt)5.1(heses.)-387.7(Cl)5.1(osel)5.1(y)-413(r)5(el)5.1(at)5.1(ed,)-408.3(i)5.1(ndust)5.1(r)5(i)5.1(a)-1(l)5.1(l)5.1(y)-419.9(i)5.1(m)2.7(port)5.1(a)-1(nt)-407.9(compounds)-400.1(are)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(diacetone)-318.7(alcohol)-319.5(\(DAA\))-333.3(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 133.38 148.5751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 136.92 149.8951 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.3903 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6057 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 171.78 148.5751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 175.32 149.8951 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0001 Tc (COH\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 214.08 148.5751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 217.62 149.8951 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 220.5 148.5751 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 226.98 149.8951 Tm 0.0018 Tc [(which)-324.1(i)4.5(s)-338.8(u)-0.6(sed)-317.2(a)-1.6(s)-331.9(a)]TJ -22.734 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(sol)5.7(v)0.6(ent)-249(f)5.6(or)-269.7(cel)5.7(l)5.7(u)0.6(l)5.7(o)0.6(se)-255(acet)5.7(at)5.7(e)-255(a)-0.4(nd)-254.1(ni)5.7(t)5.7(r)5.6(ocel)5.7(l)5.7(u)0.6(l)5.7(o)0.6(se,)-256.3(a)-0.4(s)-261.9(w)2.3(el)5.7(l)-262.7(a)-0.4(s)-261.9(f)5.6(or)-262.8(var)5.6(i)5.7(ous)-255(r)5.6(e)-0.4(si)5.7(ns)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(and)-358.2(gums,)-353.6(and)-358.2(a)-1.3(s)-359.1(a)-359.2(t)4.8(h)-0.3(i)4.8(nner)-360.1(f)4.7(or)-360.1(l)4.8(acquers)-352.2(and)-358.2(i)4.8(nki)4.8(ng)-358.2(mat)4.8(e)-1.3(ri)4.8(al)4.8(s.)-360.5(Somet)4.8(i)4.8(m)2.4(es)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(DAA)-322.3(i)4.6(s)-318(mi)4.6(xed)-317.1(w)1.2(i)4.6(t)4.6(h)-324(cast)4.6(o)-0.5(r)-312.1(o)-0.5(i)4.6(l)-325.8(for)-319(u)-0.5(se)-311.2(as)-318(a)-318.1(hydraul)4.6(i)4.6(c)-318.1(brake)-318.1()0.4(ui)4.6(d)-317.1(f)4.5(or)-319(whi)4.6(c)-1.5(h)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(i)4.2(t)4.2(s)-256.5(physi)4.2(cal)-236.7(propert)4.2(i)4.2(e)-1.9(s)-242.7(a)-1.9(re)-249.7(wel)4.2(l)-250.5(sui)4.2(t)4.2(e)-1.9(d,)-244.1(mp)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 16.904 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (54)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 191.7 113.8951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 195.18 109.8151 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-250.5(bp)-248.3(166)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 229.44 113.8951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 232.92 109.8151 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-250.5(sp)-248.3(gr)-243.3(0.938.)-243.7(A)]TJ -23.4154 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(pr)5.1(oduct)-304.5(known)-309.7(a)-0.9(s)-310.5(s)-0.8(ynt)5.2(het)5.2(i)5.2(c)-310.6(met)5.2(hyl)-311.4(acet)5.2(one)-303.7(i)5.2(s)-317.4(pr)5.1(epar)5.1(ed)-302.8(by)-316.5(mi)5.2(xi)5.2(ng)-309.7(acet)5.2(one)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(\()5.1(50%\))5.1(,)-263.7(met)5.2(hyl)-256.4(acet)5.2(at)5.2(e)-248.7(\()5.1(30%\))5.1(,)-263.7(and)-254.6(m)2.8(et)5.2(hyl)-256.4(al)5.2(cohol)-249.5(\()5.1(20%\))-263.3(a)-0.9(nd)-254.6(i)5.2(s)-262.4(used)-254.6(wi)5.2(del)5.2(y)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)-331.8(c)-0.6(oagul)5.5(at)5.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-316.2(l)5.5(at)5.5(ex)-330(and)-323.1(i)5.5(n)-336.9(p)0.4(ai)5.5(nt)-324.9(r)5.4(e)-0.6(mover)5.4(s)-324(and)-323.1(l)5.5(acquer)5.4(s)-0.5(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(I)5.6(n)-495(ol)5.7(der)-483.1(i)5.7(ndust)5.7(r)5.6(i)5.7(a)-0.4(l)-489.9(p)0.6(r)5.6(o)0.6(cesses,)-469.7(acet)5.7(one)-482.2(i)5.7(s)-495.9(pr)5.6(epar)5.6(ed)-481.2(\()5.6(1)0.6(\))-331.6(b)0.6(y)-488.1(p)0.6(assi)5.7(ng)-481.2(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0031 Tc [(vapor)5.7(s)-378.8(o)0.7(f)-386.6(acet)5.8(i)5.8(c)-378.8(aci)5.8(d)-384.8(over)-379.7(h)0.7(eat)5.8(ed)-377.9(l)5.8(i)5.8(m)3.4(e.)-387(I)5.7(n)-391.7(a)-385.7()1.6(r)5.7(s)-0.2(t)-386.5(s)-0.2(t)5.8(e)-0.3(p,)-380.1(cal)5.8(ci)5.8(um)-375.2(acet)5.8(at)5.8(e)-378.8(i)5.8(s)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 494.52 794.655 Tm 0.0015 Tc [(ACETYLENE)-1988.1(7)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 771.135 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(pr)5.4(oduced,)-235.9(f)5.4(ol)5.5(l)5.5(o)0.4(wed)-254.3(b)0.4(y)-247.4(a)-255.2(br)5.4(eakdown)-240.5(o)0.4(f)-249.2(t)5.5(he)-255.2(acet)5.5(at)5.5(e)-248.4(i)5.5(nt)5.5(o)-254.3(acet)5.5(one)-241.5(and)-247.4(cal)5.5(ci)5.5(um)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(carbonat)4.8(e)-1.3(:)]TJ 1.8033 -1.8584 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 336.6 743.655 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 342.12 744.975 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4956 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.9429 0 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (Ca)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.3353 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4956 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OOC)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.3332 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 430.26 743.655 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 436.2 744.975 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 474.66 743.655 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 480.12 744.975 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 515.04 743.655 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 520.5 744.975 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0013 Tc (CaCO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 551.04 743.655 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 554.58 744.975 Tm (;)Tj -28.199 -1.8652 TD 0.0028 Tc [(and)-281.8(\()5.4(2\))-331.8(by)-281.8(f)5.4(e)-0.6(r)5.4(m)3.1(ent)5.5(a)-0.6(t)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-288.7(o)0.4(f)-283.6(s)-0.5(t)5.5(a)-0.6(r)5.4(c)-0.6(hes,)-277.2(such)-275(as)-282.7(mai)5.5(ze,)-284.1(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-281.8(p)0.4(r)5.4(oduce)-275.9(acet)5.5(one)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(al)4.9(ong)-351.3(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-365(but)4.9(yl)-359.9(al)4.9(cohol)4.9(.)-346.6(M)3.3(odern)-358.1(i)4.9(ndust)4.9(r)4.8(i)4.9(a)-1.2(l)-359.9(p)-0.2(rocesses)-338.4(i)4.9(ncl)4.9(ude)-352.2(\(3\))-332.4(t)4.9(he)-359.1(use)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(of)-338.9(cumene)-338(as)-338(a)-344.9(c)-0.8(har)25.9(g)0.2(est)5.3(o)0.2(ck,)-325.6(i)5.3(n)-350.9(w)1.9(hi)5.3(ch)-337.1(cumene)-338(r)5.2(st)-338.8(i)5.3(s)-351.7(oxi)5.3(di)5.3(zed)-337.1(t)5.3(o)-344(cumene)]TJ T* 0.0002 Tc [(hydroperoxide)-443.7(\(CHP\),)-465.6(this)-464.3(followe)]TJ 14.5776 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(d)-456(b)-1.7(y)-456(t)3.4(he)-463.8(decomposition)-442.2(o)-1.7(f)-457.8(C)0.1(HP)-461.9(into)]TJ -14.5776 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(acet)5.5(one)-413.5(and)-426.4(phenol)5.5(;)-414.4(a)-0.6(nd)-426.4(\()5.4(4)0.4(\))-331.8(b)0.4(y)-426.4(t)5.5(he)-427.3(di)5.5(r)5.4(ect)-428.1(oxi)5.5(dat)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-419.5(o)0.4(f)-428.2(p)0.4(r)5.4(opyl)5.5(ene,)-414.8(usi)5.5(n)0.4(g)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(ai)5.4(r)-476.5(a)-0.7(nd)-474.7(cat)5.4(al)5.4(yst)5.4(s)-0.6(.)-470(T)1.1(he)-475.6(cat)5.4(al)5.4(yst)-462.6(s)-0.6(ol)5.4(ut)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-481.5(c)-0.7(onsi)5.4(s)-0.6(t)5.4(s)-468.6(of)-476.5(copper)-462.7(c)-0.7(hl)5.4(ori)5.4(d)0.3(e)-475.6(a)-0.7(nd)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(smal)5.1(l)-566.2(a)-1(mount)5.1(s)-558.4(o)0(f)-566.2(p)0(al)5.1(l)5.1(a)-1(di)5.1(um)-561.7(chl)5.1(o)0(r)5(i)5.1(de.)-559.8(T)0.8(he)-565.4(r)5(eact)5.1(i)5.1(on:)-566.2(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 521.04 667.575 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 524.64 668.895 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6656 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0531 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 560.46 667.575 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 565.98 668.895 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf -29.5067 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(1/)5.1(2)-330.4(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 329.1 657.615 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 335.04 658.9351 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 373.5 657.615 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 377.04 658.9351 Tm 0.0006 Tc (COCH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 401.28 657.615 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 404.82 658.9351 Tm 0.0017 Tc [(.)-326.5(D)1(uri)4.4(n)-0.7(g)-331.1(t)4.4(he)-332(react)4.4(i)4.4(on,)-326.5(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-325.2(p)-0.7(al)4.4(l)4.4(a)-1.7(di)4.4(um)-328.4(chl)4.4(o)-0.7(ri)4.4(de)-325.2(i)4.4(s)]TJ -11.0194 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(r)5.3(e)-0.7(duced)-268.2(t)5.4(o)-281.9(el)5.4(ement)5.4(a)-0.7(l)-269.9(p)0.3(al)5.4(l)5.4(a)-0.7(di)5.4(um)-279.2(and)-275(H)2(Cl)5.4(.)-277.3(R)2.1(eoxi)5.4(dat)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-275.1(i)5.4(s)-282.8(e)-0.7(f)26(f)5.3(ect)5.4(ed)-275(by)-281.9(cupr)5.3(i)5.4(c)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(lo)-5.1(rid)-5.1(e)-6.1(.)-385.9(T)-4.3(h)-5.1(e)-384.6(c)-6.1(u)-5.1(p)-5.1(r)-0.1(o)-5.1(u)-5.1(s)-377.7(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(lo)-5.1(rid)-5.1(e)-384.6(re)-6.1(s)-6(u)-5.1(ltin)-5.1(g)-390.6(i)0(s)-391.5(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(o)-5.1(x)-5.1(i)0(d)-5.1(i)0(z)-6.1(e)-6.1(d)-383.7(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(r)-0.1(in)-5.1(g)-383.7(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-391.5(c)-6.1(a)-6.1(t)0(a)-6.1(l)0(y)-5.1(s)-6(t)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0018 Tc [(regenerat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-344.8(c)-1.6(ycl)4.5(e)-1.6(.)-347(T)0.2(he)-359.5(process)-345.7(i)4.5(s)-359.4(carri)4.5(ed)-358.5(out)-353.4(under)-346.6(m)2.1(oderat)4.5(e)-352.6(pressure)-345.7(at)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(about)-318.3(100)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 344.16 623.1151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 347.64 619.035 Tm 0.0006 Tc (C.)Tj -3.3175 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Acet)5.3(one)-510.1(r)5.2(eact)5.3(s)-516.9(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)-522.9(many)-516.1(chemi)5.3(cal)5.3(s)-510(i)5.3(n)-522.9(a)-517(mar)5.2(k)0.2(ed)-516.1(manner)5.2(:)-510.9(\()5.2(1)0.2(\))-332(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(phosphor)5.3(us)-454.9(pent)5.4(achl)5.4(o)0.3(r)5.3(i)5.4(de,)-456.2(y)0.3(i)5.4(e)-0.7(l)5.4(d)0.3(s)-468.6(acet)5.4(one)-454.9(chl)5.4(o)0.3(r)5.3(i)5.4(de)-468.7(\()5.3(C)2.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 510.24 597.795 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 513.84 599.1151 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 516.72 597.795 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 520.26 599.1151 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CCl)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 534.3 597.795 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 537.9 599.1151 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(,)-474.6(\()0.7(2)-4.3(\))-336.5(with)]TJ -26.2855 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(hydrogen)-510(c)-1.6(hl)4.5(ori)4.5(d)-0.6(e)-517.8(d)-0.6(ry,)-526(y)-0.6(i)4.5(e)-1.6(l)4.5(d)-0.6(s)-517.7(bot)4.5(h)-523.7(m)2.1(esi)4.5(t)4.5(y)-0.6(l)-518.6(oxi)4.5(de)-517.8(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 509.58 587.835 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 513.12 589.155 Tm -0.0002 Tc (COCH:C\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 560.58 587.835 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 564.12 589.155 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 567 587.835 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 570.6 589.155 Tm (,)Tj -30.0367 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(l)5.1(i)5.1(qui)5.1(d,)-270.7(bp)-268.5(132)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 357.9 583.215 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 361.38 579.1951 Tm 0.0013 Tc [(C,)-271.8(and)-269.6(phorone)-263.6(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 432.72 577.875 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 436.26 579.1951 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 439.14 577.875 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 442.74 579.1951 Tm [(C:CHCOCH:)-272.6(C)-0.6(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 512.94 577.875 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 516.48 579.1951 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 519.36 577.875 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 522.96 579.1951 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(,)-275.8(y)-5.1(e)-6.1(llo)-5.1(w)-271.8(s)-6(o)-5.1(lid)-5.1(,)]TJ -24.5717 -1.1494 TD 0.0011 Tc [(mp)-490(28)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 332.94 573.255 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 336.42 569.175 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(C,)-490.6(\()5.3(3)0.3(\))-331.9(w)2(i)5.4(t)5.4(h)-488.4(concent)5.4(r)5.3(at)5.4(ed)-474.7(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 436.68 567.855 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 440.22 569.175 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 451.38 567.855 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 454.92 569.175 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(,)-496(y)-5.1(ie)-6.1(ld)-5.1(s)-487.8(m)-2.4(e)-6.1(s)-6(ity)-5.1(le)-6.1(n)-5.1(e)-487.9(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 534.36 567.855 Tm 0 Tc (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 537.9 569.175 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 544.2 567.855 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 547.74 569.175 Tm -0.001 Tc (\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 562.74 567.855 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 566.28 569.175 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 569.16 567.855 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 559.215 Tm -0.0008 Tc [(\(1,3,5\),)-790.1(\(4\))-328.5(w)-1.5(ith)-794.8(NH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 389.04 557.895 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 392.58 559.215 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(,)-779.7(y)0.3(i)5.4(e)-0.7(l)5.4(d)0.3(s)-778.4(acet)5.4(one)-771.6(ami)5.4(n)0.3(es,)-772.8(e)-0.7(.)4.9(g)0.3(.)4.9(,)-779.7(di)5.4(acet)5.4(oneami)5.4(n)0.3(e)]TJ -9.6153 -1.1426 TD 0 Tc (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 314.58 547.9351 Tm (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.12 549.255 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 324.42 547.9351 Tm 0.0015 Tc (12)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 331.02 549.255 Tm 0.0007 Tc [(ONH,)-224.2(\(5\))-333.9(w)0(ith)-235.8(HCN,)-231.1(yields)-222.9(acetone)-222.9(cyanohydrin)-208.2(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 519.3 547.9351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 522.9 549.255 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 525.78 547.9351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 529.32 549.255 Tm 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5093 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CN,)Tj -28.6463 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(readi)4.6(l)4.6(y)-303.4(convert)4.6(ed)-296.5(i)4.6(n)-0.5(t)4.6(o)-310.3(al)4.6(pha-hydroxy)-296.5(aci)4.6(d)-303.4(\()4.5(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 474.78 537.975 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 478.32 539.295 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 481.2 537.975 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 484.8 539.295 Tm 0.0007 Tc (CHOH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.8357 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.585 0 TD -0.0005 Tc [(COOH,)-308(\(6\))-335.1(w)-1.2(ith)]TJ -23.6149 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(sodi)5.3(um)-609.7(hydr)5.2(ogen)-605.5(s)-0.7(ul)5.3(t)5.3(e,)-607.8(f)5.2(o)0.2(r)5.2(m)2.9(s)-627.1(acet)5.3(one-)5.2(s)-0.7(odi)5.3(umbi)5.3(sul)5.3()1.1(t)5.3(e)-592.7(\()5.2(C)2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 536.52 528.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 540.06 529.335 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 542.94 528.015 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 551.94 529.335 Tm 0.0007 Tc (COH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.113 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf -30.0091 -1.1494 TD 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 319.92 517.9951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 323.46 519.3151 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(Na)-262.3(whi)5.3(t)5.3(e)-269.2(sol)5.3(i)5.3(d)0.2(,)-263.6(f)5.2(r)5.2(o)0.2(m)-272.5(w)1.9(hi)5.3(ch)-261.4(acet)5.3(one)-255.4(i)5.3(s)-269.1(r)5.2(eadi)5.3(l)5.3(y)-261.4(r)5.2(ecover)5.2(a)-0.8(bl)5.3(e)-255.4(b)0.2(y)-261.4(t)5.3(r)5.2(eat)5.3(ment)]TJ -1.6863 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc [(wi)4.5(t)4.5(h)-503.1(sodi)4.5(um)-493.5(carbonat)4.5(e)-483.4(sol)4.5(u)-0.6(t)4.5(i)4.5(on,)-498.4(\(7)]TJ 14.9218 0 TD [(\))-332.8(w)1.1(i)4.5(t)4.5(h)-503.1(hydroxyl)4.5(ami)4.5(n)-0.6(e)-490.3(hydrochl)4.5(ori)4.5(d)-0.6(e,)]TJ -14.9218 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(f)4.8(o)-0.2(r)4.8(m)2.5(s)-228.2(acet)4.9(oxi)4.9(me)-221.4(\()4.8(C)1.6(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 383.94 498.075 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 387.54 499.3951 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 390.42 498.075 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 393.96 499.3951 Tm 0.0003 Tc [(C:NOH,)-231.5(solid,)-231.5(m)0.6(p)-229.3(6)-2.1(0)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 468.36 503.415 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 471.9 499.3951 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(C,)-223(\(8\))-332.7(w)1.2(i)4.6(t)4.6(h)-234.6(phenyl)4.6(hydrazi)4.6(ne,)]TJ -18.7144 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(yi)5.5(el)5.5(ds)-592.4(acet)5.5(onephenyl)5.5(-)5.4(hydr)5.4(azone)-551.2(\()5.4(C)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 444.54 488.1151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 448.14 489.4351 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 451.02 488.1151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 454.56 489.4351 Tm 0.0001 Tc (C:NNHC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 487.5 488.1151 Tm 0 Tc (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 496.26 489.4351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 502.56 488.1151 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 506.1 489.4351 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8741 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 520.02 488.1151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 523.56 489.4351 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(O,)-604.8(s)-4.6(o)-3.7(lid)-3.7(,)-591(m)-1(p)]TJ -24.6405 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc (16)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 317.52 483.4951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 321 479.475 Tm 0.0018 Tc [(C,)-587.9(anhydrous)-579.7(compound,)-567.3(mp)-592.6(42)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 444.84 483.4951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 448.32 479.475 Tm 0.0021 Tc [(C,)-594.5(\()4.7(9)-0.3(\))-325.6(w)1.4(i)4.8(t)4.8(h)-599.1(semi)4.8(car)4.7(bazi)4.8(de,)-567(f)4.7(or)4.7(ms)]TJ -16.0095 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(acet)5.4(onesemi)5.4(car)5.3(bazone)-386.1(\()5.3(C)2.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 405.9 468.135 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 409.5 469.455 Tm (\)C:NNHCONH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 464.22 468.135 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 467.76 469.455 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(,)-429(s)-0.9(ol)5.1(i)5.1(d)0(,)-422.1(m)2.7(p)-426.8(189)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 524.58 473.535 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 528.06 469.455 Tm 0.0009 Tc [(C,)-430.5(\(10\))-333.7(wi)3.6(t)3.6(h)]TJ -25.1568 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(magnesi)4.4(um)-569.3(met)4.4(hyl)-573.8(i)4.4(odi)4.4(de)-586.7(i)4.4(n)-585.8(anhydrous)-566(et)4.4(her)-573.8(\()4.3(Gri)4.4(gnards)-586.7(sol)4.4(u)-0.7(t)4.4(i)4.4(on\),)]TJ T* 0.0031 Tc [(yi)5.8(el)5.8(ds,)-393.9(a)-0.3(f)5.7(t)5.8(er)-393.5(r)5.7(eact)5.8(i)5.8(o)0.7(n)-391.7(w)2.4(i)5.8(t)5.8(h)-405.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 411.6 448.215 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 415.14 449.535 Tm 0.0017 Tc [(O,)-395.3(t)4.4(r)4.3(i)4.4(m)1.9(et)4.4(hyl)4.4(carbi)4.4(nol)-394.8(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 506.1 448.215 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 509.7 449.535 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 512.58 448.215 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 516.12 449.535 Tm -0.0003 Tc [(COH,)-404.2(a)-396(t)2.4(ertiary)]TJ -23.7871 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(al)4.9(cohol)4.9(,)-532.4(\()4.8(11\))-325.5(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-544(et)4.9(hyl)-538.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(i)4.9(o)-0.2(al)4.9(cohol)-532(and)-530.2(hydrogen)-530.2(c)-1.2(hl)4.9(ori)4.9(d)-0.2(e)-538(d)-0.2(ry,)-539.3(y)-0.2(i)4.9(e)-1.2(l)4.9(d)-0.2(s)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(mer)4.5(capt)4.6(o)-0.5(l)-663(\()4.5(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 364.5 428.295 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 368.1 429.6151 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 370.98 428.295 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 374.52 429.6151 Tm 0.0003 Tc (C\(SC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 393.9 428.295 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 397.44 429.6151 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 403.74 428.295 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 407.28 429.6151 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 410.16 428.295 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 413.76 429.6151 Tm 0.0018 Tc [(,)-677.4(\()4.4(12\))-325.9(wi)4.5(t)4.5(h)-682(hypochl)4.5(ori)4.5(t)4.5(e)-1.6(,)-670.5(hypobromi)4.5(t)4.5(e)-1.6(,)-663.6(o)-0.6(r)]TJ -12.045 -1.1494 TD 0.0016 Tc [(hypoi)4.3(odi)4.3(t)4.3(e)-628.1(sol)4.3(u)-0.8(t)4.3(i)4.3(on,)-636.3(yi)4.3(el)4.3(ds)-628.1(chl)4.3(o)-0.8(roform)-638.3(CHCl)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 478.98 418.2751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 482.52 419.595 Tm -0.0001 Tc [(,)-638(b)-2.5(romoform)-640(CHBr)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 556.38 418.2751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 565.5 419.595 Tm 0.0024 Tc (or)Tj -29.4516 -1.1425 TD 0.0007 Tc [(i)3.4(odoform)-673.6(C)0.1(HI)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 362.1 408.315 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 365.64 409.635 Tm 0.002 Tc [(,)-677.2(r)4.6(espect)4.7(i)4.7(v)-0.4(el)4.7(y,)-663.4(\(13\))-325.7(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-681.8(most)-669.8(reduci)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-668.1(a)-1.4(gent)4.7(s,)-663.4(forms)]TJ -6.5249 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(i)4.6(s)-1.4(opropyl)-477.2(al)4.6(cohol)-477.2(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 390.9 398.355 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 394.44 399.675 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 397.32 398.355 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 400.92 399.675 Tm 0.001 Tc [(CHOH,)-485.5(a)-484.2(s)-2.3(econdary)-476.3(alcohol,)-478.6(but)-485(with)-490.1(sodium)]TJ -10.572 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(amal)4.4(gam)-603.7(f)4.3(orms)-621.1(pi)4.4(nacone)-607.4(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 423.72 388.3951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 427.26 389.715 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 430.14 388.3951 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 433.74 389.715 Tm 0.0007 Tc (COH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.113 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8948 0 TD 0.0001 Tc (COH\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 493.38 388.3951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 496.92 389.715 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 499.8 388.3951 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 508.74 389.715 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(\(14\))-332.7(wi)4.6(t)4.6(h)-620(sodi)4.6(um)]TJ -22.9405 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(di)5.1(chr)5(o)0(mat)5.1(e)-462.1(and)-454.3(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 375 378.435 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 378.54 379.755 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 389.7 378.435 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 393.24 379.755 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(,)-470.2(f)5.1(or)5.1(ms)-468.8(acet)5.2(i)5.2(c)-462(aci)5.2(d)-461.1(C)1.9(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 479.1 378.435 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 482.64 379.755 Tm 0.0014 Tc [(COOH)-460.4(pl)4.1(us)-469.9(CO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 542.16 378.435 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 545.7 379.755 Tm 0.4658 Tc [(.W)466.9(h)463.4(e)462.4(n)]TJ -27.1803 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(acet)5.6(one)-317.1(vapor)-324.8(i)5.6(s)-330.8(passed)-316.1(t)5.6(hr)5.5(ough)-329.9(a)-330.8(t)5.6(ube)-330.9(at)-331.7(a)-330.9(dul)5.6(l)-331.7(r)5.5(ed)-329.9(heat)5.6(,)-325.3(k)0.5(et)5.6(ene)-324(C)2.3(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 554.7 368.415 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 558.24 369.735 Tm -0.0011 Tc (:CO)Tj -28.6188 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(and)-323.5(m)2.6(et)5.1(hane)-324.5(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 368.82 358.455 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 375.24 359.775 Tm 0.0011 Tc [(are)-332.7(f)3.7(ormed.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf -7.6262 -2.3333 TD 0.0007 Tc [(ACETYL)-330.3(C)0(HLORIDE.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.1913 0 TD 0.0025 Tc (See)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.7826 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Chlo)-3.5(r)-4.5(i)1.6(na)-3.5(te)-4.5(d)-326.1(O)-0.8(r)-4.5(g)-3.5(a)-3.5(n)-2.6(ic)-4.5(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.4018 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -22.3758 -2.3402 TD 0.0006 Tc (ACETYLENE.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.4746 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [([CAS:)-629.6(74-86-2].)-623.2(C)0.3(H:)3.6(CH)-633(formul)3.6(a)-628.8(w)0.2(ei)3.6(ght)-622.7(26.04,)-623.2(mp)]TJ /F5 1 Tf -7.4746 -1.1426 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (81)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 331.08 313.095 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 334.56 309.075 Tm 0.0015 Tc [(C,)-485(bp)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 2.8908 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (84)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 375.3 313.095 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 378.78 309.075 Tm 0.0016 Tc [(C,)-484.9(sp)-482.6(gr)-477.6(0.905)-475.7(\(ai)4.3(r)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 8.4933 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(000\).)-478.5(S)-0.4(omet)3.8(i)3.8(m)1.3(es)-477.1(referred)-483.1(t)3.8(o)]TJ -18.3633 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(as)-537.2(et)5.7(hyne,)-531.6(e)-0.4(t)5.7(h)0.6(i)5.7(n)0.6(e,)-538.5(or)-545(gaseous)-523.4(car)]TJ 14.3987 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(bon)-537.9(\(92.3%)-542.2(of)-539.7(t)4.1(h)-1(e)-545.7(c)-2(ompound)-531(i)4.1(s)-545.7(C\),)]TJ -14.3987 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(acet)5.5(yl)5.5(ene)-537.4(i)5.5(s)-551.1(m)3.1(oder)5.4(a)-0.6(t)5.5(e)-0.6(l)5.5(y)-543.4(sol)5.5(ubl)5.5(e)-537.4(i)5.5(n)-557.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 449.04 287.775 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 452.58 289.095 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(O)-548.6(o)0.3(r)-545.3(a)-0.7(l)5.4(c)-0.7(ohol)5.4(,)-538.8(a)-0.7(nd)-543.5(except)5.4(i)5.4(onal)5.4(l)5.4(y)]TJ -16.4981 -1.1426 TD [(sol)5.4(ubl)5.4(e)-289.8(i)5.4(n)-295.7(acet)5.4(one)-276(\()5.3(300)-295.7(vol)5.4(umes)-282.8(of)-290.6(acet)5.4(yl)5.4(ene)-282.9(i)5.4(n)-295.7(1)-288.8(vol)5.4(ume)-289.8(o)0.3(f)-290.6(acet)5.4(one)-282.9(at)-290.6(12)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(at)4.4(mospheres)-304.5(p)-0.7(ressure\).)-305.8(The)-318.3(g)-0.7(as)-318.2(burns)-311.3(when)-317.3(i)4.4(gni)4.4(t)4.4(e)-1.7(d)-317.3(i)4.4(n)-324.2(a)-1.7(i)4.4(r)-319.2(wi)4.4(t)4.4(h)-324.2(a)-318.3(l)4.4(umi)4.4(nous)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc 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(2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 54.66 691.755 Tm 0.003 Tc [(O)-390(i)5.7(n)-391.8(t)5.7(he)-385.8(pr)5.6(esence)-372.1(of)-386.7(a)-385.8(n)0.6(i)5.7(c)-0.4(kel)-379.7(cat)5.7(al)5.7(yst)5.7(:)-386.6(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 203.52 690.4351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 207.06 691.755 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 213.36 690.4351 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 218.82 691.755 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6106 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 256.62 690.4351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 260.16 691.755 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()6.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf -27.5451 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 40.92 680.535 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 46.86 681.855 Tm 0.2795 Tc [(:C)278.9(H)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 2.1681 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5024 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(COOH)8.8(.)-256.7(T)1(hese)-248.6(t)5.3(w)1.9(o)-254.5(r)5.2(eact)5.3(i)5.3(ons)-248.5(ar)5.2(e)-255.4(r)5.2(epr)5.2(e)-0.8(sent)5.3(at)5.3(i)5.3(v)0.2(e)-241.7(o)0.2(f)-256.3(a)-255.4(much)-247.6(l)5.3(a)-0.8(r)25.9(g)0.2(er)]TJ -4.7422 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(number)-470.1(o)-0.2(f)-483.9(r)4.8(eact)4.9(i)4.9(ons,)-470.5(bot)4.9(h)-482(t)4.9(hose)-476.1(t)4.9(hat)-476.9(a)-1.2(re)-483(st)4.9(rai)4.9(ght)4.9(-chai)4.9(n)-475.2(onl)4.9(y,)-477.4(and)-475.2(t)4.9(hose)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(i)4.6(nvol)4.6(vi)4.6(ng)-324(ri)4.6(ng)-337.8(cl)4.6(osure.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(Acet)5.6(yl)5.6(ene)-792(r)5.5(eact)5.6(s)-791.9(\()5.5(1\))-331.7(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-804.8(chl)5.6(o)0.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(ne,)-793.3(t)5.6(o)-804.8(f)5.5(or)5.5(m)-802.1(acet)5.6(yl)5.6(ene)-785.1(t)5.6(et)5.6(r)5.5(achl)5.6(o)0.5(-)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0001 Tc [(ride)-616(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 53.52 640.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 57.06 642.135 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 63.36 640.8151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 66.9 642.135 Tm 0.0006 Tc (Cl)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 75.12 640.8151 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 84.06 642.135 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(or)-608.7(CHCl)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 117 640.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 120.6 642.135 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.8879 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CHCl)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 148.68 640.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 157.62 642.135 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(or)-607.1(acet)5.5(yl)5.5(ene)-599.4(d)0.4(i)5.5(c)-0.6(hl)5.5(or)5.4(i)5.5(d)0.4(e)-606.3(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 255 640.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 258.54 642.135 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 264.84 640.8151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 268.38 642.135 Tm 0.0006 Tc (Cl)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 276.6 640.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 285.54 642.135 Tm 0.0024 Tc (or)Tj -29.4517 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(CHCl)4.9(:)4.9(C)1.6(HCl)4.9(,)-270.9(\()4.8(2)-0.2(\))-332.4(w)1.5(i)4.9(t)4.9(h)-275.6(br)4.8(omi)4.9(n)-0.2(e,)-264(t)4.9(o)-275.6(f)4.8(o)-0.2(r)4.8(m)-272.9(acet)4.9(yl)4.9(ene)-255.8(t)4.9(et)4.9(r)4.8(a)-1.2(br)4.8(omi)4.9(d)-0.2(e)-269.6(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 257.52 630.915 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 261.06 632.235 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 267.36 630.915 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 270.9 632.235 Tm 0.0006 Tc (Br)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 279.6 630.915 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 285.54 632.235 Tm 0.0024 Tc (or)Tj -29.4517 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc (CHBr)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 49.62 621.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 53.16 622.335 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CHBr)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 79.32 621.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 85.8 622.335 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(or)-325.3(acet)5.1(yl)5.1(ene)-317.6(d)0(i)5.1(b)0(r)5(o)0(mi)5.1(de)-331.4(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 176.34 621.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 179.88 622.335 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 186.18 621.015 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 189.72 622.335 Tm 0.0006 Tc (Br)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 198.42 621.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 204.9 622.335 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(o)-3.7(r)-335.9(CHBr:CHBr,)-336.3(\(3)-3.7(\))-335.9(w)-2(ith)]TJ -20.2011 -1.1426 TD 0.0015 Tc [(hydrogen)-641(c)-1.9(hl)4.2(ori)4.2(d)-0.9(e)-642(\()4.1(bromi)4.2(d)-0.9(e,)-650.1(i)4.2(odi)4.2(de\),)-650.1(t)4.2(o)-654.8(form)-652.1(et)4.2(hyl)4.2(ene)-642(m)1.8(onochl)4.2(ori)4.2(d)-0.9(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 40.92 601.155 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 44.46 602.475 Tm 0.0017 Tc [(:)4.4(C)1.1(HCl)-498.1(\()4.3(monobromi)4.4(d)-0.7(e,)-484.8(monoi)4.4(odi)4.4(de\),)-484.8(and)-496.3(1)-0.7(,1-di)4.4(c)-1.7(hl)4.4(oroet)4.4(h)-0.7(ane,)-477.9(et)4.4(hyl)4.4(i)4.4(-)]TJ -1.7964 -1.1357 TD 0.0014 Tc [(dene)-249.8(chl)4.1(o)-1(ri)4.1(de)-263.5(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 90.54 591.255 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 94.08 592.575 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5369 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CHCl)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 119.1 591.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 124.92 592.575 Tm -0.0005 Tc [(\(dibromide)-3.9(,)-266.7(d)-2.9(iiodide)-3.9(\),)-259.8(\(4\))-328.2(w)-1.2(ith)-271.4(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 241.26 591.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 244.8 592.575 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(O)-260.3(i)4.6(n)-262.1(t)4.6(he)-263(pres-)]TJ -24.7782 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(ence)-241.4(of)-249.1(a)-248.3(cat)5.6(al)5.6(yzer)5.5(,)-235.8(e)-0.5(.)5.1(g)0.5(.)5.1(,)-249.5(mer)5.5(c)-0.5(ur)5.5(i)5.6(c)-248.3(sul)5.6(f)5.5(at)5.6(e,)-242.7(t)5.6(o)-254.2(f)5.5(o)0.5(r)5.5(m)-251.5(acet)5.6(al)5.6(dehyde)-227.6(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 264.06 581.295 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 267.6 582.6151 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.53 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHO,)Tj -27.9237 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(\(5\))-332.6(w)1.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(h)-268.9(hydrogen,)-250.4(i)4.7(n)-262(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-269.8(p)-0.4(resence)-249.2(o)-0.4(f)-256.9(a)-269.8(cat)4.7(al)4.7(yzer,)-250.4(e)-1.4(.g.,)-264.2(nel)4.7(y)-255.1(d)-0.4(i)4.7(v)-0.4(i)4.7(d)-0.4(ed)-262(ni)4.7(ckel)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(heat)5.5(ed,)-387.3(t)5.5(o)-398.8(f)5.4(or)5.4(m)-403(e)-0.6(t)5.5(hyl)5.5(ene)-386(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 126.78 561.4351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 130.32 562.755 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 136.62 561.4351 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 143.7 562.755 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(or)-393.8(et)5.5(hane)-386(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 186.48 561.4351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 190.08 562.755 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 196.38 561.4351 Tm (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 199.92 562.755 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(,)-398.9(\()0.7(6)-4.3(\))-336.5(with)-410.4(me)-5.3(ta)-5.3(ls)-5.2(,)-398.9(s)-5.2(u)-4.3(c)-5.3(h)-389.8(a)-5.3(s)]TJ -19.6298 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(copper)-249.4(o)0.2(r)-256.3(n)0.2(i)5.3(c)-0.8(kel)5.3(,)-256.7(when)-254.5(moi)5.3(s)-0.7(t)5.3(,)-263.6(al)5.3(so)-261.4(l)5.3(ead)-254.5(or)-263.2(zi)5.3(nc,)-256.7(w)1.9(hen)-254.5(m)2.9(oi)5.3(st)-256.3(and)-261.4(unpuri)5.3()1.1(ed.)]TJ T* [(T)35.5(i)5.3(n)-364.6(i)5.3(s)-365.5(not)-359.5(at)5.3(t)5.3(acked.)-353.1(S)1.1(odi)5.3(um)-355.1(yi)5.3(el)5.3(ds,)-360(upon)-357.7(heat)5.3(i)5.3(ng,)-353.1(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-365.6(c)-0.8(ompounds)-344.9(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 272.82 541.635 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 276.36 542.955 Tm 0.0007 Tc (HNa)Tj -28.3986 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(and)-460.7(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 51.3 531.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 54.84 532.9951 Tm 0.0007 Tc (Na)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 65.04 531.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 68.58 532.9951 Tm 0.0015 Tc [(.)-471.2(\()4.1(7\))-326.2(W)43.9(i)4.2(t)4.2(h)-475.9(ammoni)4.2(ocuprous)-456.1(\(or)-470.8(s)-1.8(i)4.2(l)4.2(v)-0.9(er\))-463.9(s)-1.8(al)4.2(t)-463.8(s)-1.8(ol)4.2(ut)4.2(i)4.2(on,)-464.3(t)4.2(o)-475.9(form)]TJ -4.5633 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(cupr)5.5(ous)-358.3(\()5.5(o)0.5(r)-373(s)-0.4(i)5.6(l)5.6(v)0.5(er)5.5(\))-373(acet)5.6(yl)5.6(i)5.6(d)0.5(e)-358.4(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 139.14 521.775 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 142.74 523.095 Tm 0.0006 Tc (Cu)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 152.94 521.775 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 156.42 523.095 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(,)-374(d)-0.1(ark)-364.9(r)4.9(ed)-371.8(preci)5(pi)5(t)5(a)-1.1(t)5(e)-1.1(,)-367.2(e)-1.1(xpl)5(osi)5(v)-0.1(e)-359(w)1.6(hen)]TJ -14.6398 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(dr)5.2(y,)-428.8(and)-426.6(y)0.2(i)5.3(e)-0.8(l)5.3(d)0.2(i)5.3(n)0.2(g)-426.6(acet)5.3(yl)5.3(ene)-420.6(upon)-419.7(t)5.3(r)5.2(eat)5.3(ment)-428.3(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-433.5(aci)5.3(d,)-428.8(\()5.2(8)0.2(\))-325.1(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)-440.3(mer)5.2(c)-0.8(ur)5.2(i)5.3(c)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(chl)5.1(o)0(r)5(i)5.1(de)-290.1(sol)5.1(u)0(t)5.1(i)5.1(on,)-284.5(t)5.1(o)-289.1(f)5(o)0(r)5(m)-293.3(t)5.1(r)5(i)5.1(c)-1(hl)5.1(or)5(omer)5(cur)5(i)5.1(c)-296.9(acet)5.1(al)5.1(dehyde)-269.4(C\()5(HgCl)5.1(\))]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 263.7 501.915 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 267.24 503.235 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5713 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (CHO,)Tj -27.9237 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(pr)5.2(eci)5.3(pi)5.3(t)5.3(a)-0.8(t)5.3(e)-0.8(,)-325.6(w)1.9(hi)5.3(ch)-330.2(yi)5.3(el)5.3(ds)-324.2(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-337.1(HCl)-325.1(acet)5.3(al)5.3(dehyde)-310.5(pl)5.3(us)-331.1(mer)5.2(c)-0.8(ur)5.2(i)5.3(c)-331.2(chl)5.3(o)0.2(r)5.2(i)5.3(de.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 10.9231 -1.9478 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-326.5(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 28.8 462.675 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(S)-4.6(t)-2.9(ang,)-333.9(P)-4.6(.)0.2(J.)-271.8(and)-270.4(F)-4.6(.)-333.9(D)-1.8(iederich:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 11.913 0 TD -0.0005 Tc [(Modern)-254.3(Acetylene)-232.6(C)-1.8(hemistry,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.1617 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(John)-278.4(W)41.3(iley)-270.6(&)-264.6(S)-4.8(ons,)-272(I)-2.5(nc.,)]TJ -23.0722 -1.1579 TD [(New)-336.2(Y)99(ork,)-334.1(NY,)-334.1(1995.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 434.8951 Tm 0.001 Tc [(ACETYLENE)-433.2(S)-0.5(ERIES.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.4735 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(A)-439.1(s)-1.2(eri)4.8(e)-1.3(s)-434.8(o)-0.3(f)-435.8(unsat)4.8(urat)4.8(ed)-427.1(hydrocarbons)-421.1(havi)4.8(ng)]TJ -11.4735 -1.1426 TD 0.003 Tc [(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-413.3(g)0.6(ener)5.6(al)-393.5(f)5.6(o)0.6(r)5.6(m)3.3(ul)5.7(a)-420.2(C)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 109.38 423.6151 Tm 0 Tc (n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 113.16 424.935 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 119.46 423.6151 Tm (2)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (n)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5408 0 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7768 0 TD (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 134.16 424.935 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(,)-408.5(a)-1.1(nd)-406.2(cont)5(ai)5(ni)5(ng)-406.2(a)-407.2(t)5(ri)5(pl)5(e)-420.9(bond)-406.2(bet)5(w)1.6(een)-399.3(t)5(w)1.6(o)]TJ -12.0863 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(carbon)-454.5(at)4.9(oms.)-449.8(The)-462.3(s)-1.1(eri)4.9(e)-1.2(s)-455.4(i)4.9(s)-462.3(n)-0.2(amed)-454.5(af)]TJ 16.085 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(t)5.1(e)-1(r)-456.1(t)5.1(he)-462.1(si)5.1(mpl)5.1(e)-1(st)-456.1(compound)-440.5(of)-463(t)5.1(h)0(e)]TJ -16.085 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(ser)5.2(i)5.3(es,)-552.7(acet)5.3(yl)5.3(ene)-537.6(H)1.9(C:)5.3(CH.)-559.6(I)5.2(n)-564.2(m)2.9(or)5.2(e)-551.4(m)2.9(oder)5.2(n)-557.3(t)5.3(e)-0.8(r)5.2(m)2.9(i)5.3(nol)5.3(ogy,)-552.7(t)5.3(h)0.2(i)5.3(s)-558.2(ser)5.2(i)5.3(es)-551.3(of)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(compounds)-311.2(i)4.5(s)-338.8(t)4.5(e)-1.6(rmed)-331(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 10.6132 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(al)5.7(kynes.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.579 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-325.5(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.7236 0 TD 0.0011 Tc (Alkynes)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.4551 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -21.3709 -2.1612 TD 0.0012 Tc [(ACETYLSALICYLIC)-288.6(ACID.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 13.8274 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [([CAS:)-306.6(50-78-2].)-293.3(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 215.4 375.015 Tm 0 Tc (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 219 376.335 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 225.3 375.015 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 228.84 376.335 Tm -0.0002 Tc (\(COOH\)CO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 271.44 375.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 274.98 376.335 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 287.1 375.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 290.64 376.335 Tm (,)Tj -30.0367 -1.1426 TD 0.001 Tc [(formul)3.7(a)-346.5(w)0.3(t)3.7(,)-354.7(180.06,)-334(mp)-345.6(133.5)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 136.38 370.3951 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 139.86 366.375 Tm -0.0023 Tc [(C,)-351.1(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(lo)-4.7(rle)-5.7(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(,)-337.3(c)-5.7(r)0.3(y)-4.7(s)-5.6(ta)-5.7(llin)-4.7(e)-5.7(,)-344.2(s)-5.6(lig)-4.7(h)-4.7(tly)-355.8(s)-5.6(o)-4.7(lu)-4.7(b)-4.7(l)0.4(e)-342.9(i)0.4(n)]TJ -12.7401 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(wat)4.6(e)-1.5(r,)-243.7(sol)4.6(ubl)4.6(e)-235.5(i)4.6(n)-248.3(a)-1.5(l)4.6(c)-1.5(ohol)-236.3(and)-234.6(e)-1.5(t)4.6(h)-0.5(er,)-243.7(c)-1.5(ommonl)4.6(y)-234.6(known)-234.6(a)-1.5(s)-242.3(a)-1.5(spi)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(n)-0.5(,)-236.8(a)-1.5(l)4.6(s)-1.4(o)-241.4(cal)4.6(l)4.6(e)-1.5(d)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(or)5.2(t)5.3(hoacet)5.3(oxybenzoi)5.3(c)-296.7(aci)5.3(d.)-318.7(The)-317.4(s)-0.7(ubst)5.3(a)-0.8(nce)-303.6(i)5.3(s)-331.1(c)-0.8(ommonl)5.3(y)-316.4(u)0.2(sed)-309.6(a)-0.8(s)-324.2(a)-324.3(r)5.2(e)-0.8(l)5.3(i)5.3(e)-0.8(f)-325.2(f)5.2(or)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(mi)4.9(l)4.9(d)-433.9(forms)-427.9(o)-0.2(f)-428.8(p)-0.2(ai)4.9(n,)-422.3(i)4.9(n)-0.2(cl)4.9(udi)4.9(ng)-420.1(headache)-407.3(a)-1.2(nd)-427(j)4.9(o)-0.2(i)4.9(n)-0.2(t)-428.7(a)-1.2(nd)-420.1(muscl)4.9(e)-421(pai)4.9(n)-0.2(.)-422.3(T)0.6(he)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(drug)-241.2(t)4.8(e)-1.3(nds)-242.1(t)4.8(o)-255(reduce)-235.3(f)4.7(ever.)-243.5(A)1.4(spi)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(n)-248.1(and)-241.2(o)-0.3(t)4.8(h)-0.3(er)-243.1(forms)-249(o)-0.3(f)-243.1(s)-1.2(al)4.8(i)4.8(c)-1.3(yl)4.8(at)4.8(es)-235.2(have)-242.2(been)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(used)-254.5(i)5.3(n)-261.4(l)5.3(a)-0.8(r)25.9(g)0.2(e)-262.3(doses)-255.4(i)5.3(n)-261.4(acut)5.3(e)-255.4(r)5.2(h)0.2(eumat)5.3(i)5.3(c)-255.4(f)5.2(e)-0.8(ver)5.2(,)-256.7(but)-256.3(must)-256.3(be)-262.3(admi)5.3(ni)5.3(st)5.3(er)5.2(ed)-254.5(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(ext)5(r)4.9(eme)-303.9(care)-303.9(i)5(n)-309.9(s)-1(uch)-296.1(cases)-297(by)-303(a)-310.8(physi)5(c)-1.1(i)5(a)-1.1(n.)-291.4(Commerci)5(a)-1.1(l)5(l)5(y)-303(avai)5(l)5(a)-1.1(bl)5(e)-303.9(a)-1.1(spi)5(r)4.9(i)5(n)]TJ T* -0.0021 Tc [(is)-335.8(s)-5.4(o)-4.5(me)-5.5(time)-335.9(m)-1.8(ix)-4.5(e)-5.5(d)-328(with)-341.8(o)-4.5(t)0.6(h)-4.5(e)-5.5(r)-329.8(p)-4.5(a)-5.5(i)0.6(n)-334.9(r)0.5(e)-5.5(lie)-5.5(v)-4.5(e)-5.5(rs)-328.9(a)-5.5(s)-335.8(we)-5.5(ll)-329.8(a)-5.5(s)-335.8(b)-4.5(u)-4.5(f)21.2(fe)-5.5(rin)-4.5(g)-334.9(a)-5.5(g)-4.5(e)-5.5(n)-4.5(ts)-5.4(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-325.5(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.7236 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (Aspirin)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.228 0 TD 0.3277 Tc [(;a)324.3(n)325.3(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3814 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(Salicylic)-333.2(Acid)-331.3(and)-331.3(R)-0.1(elated)-324.4(Compounds)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 16.959 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -27.4346 -2.1612 TD 0.0007 Tc (ACHLORHYDRIA.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 9.6909 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Lack)-275.4(of)-277.2(hydrochl)5.1(ori)5.1(c)-276.3(aci)5.1(d)-275.4(i)5.1(n)-282.2(t)5.1(he)-276.3(di)5.1(gest)5.1(i)5.1(v)0(e)-276.3(j)5.1(ui)5.1(ces)-276.2(i)5.1(n)]TJ -9.6909 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-228.3(s)-1.1(t)4.9(o)-0.2(mach.)-208.9(H)1.5(ydrochl)4.9(ori)4.9(c)-221.4(aci)4.9(d)-220.5(h)-0.2(el)4.9(ps)]TJ 15.0525 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(di)4.7(gest)-215.6(food.)-222.9(The)-221.6(l)4.7(ow)-225.8(pH)-225.8(of)-222.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-228.5(normal)]TJ -15.0525 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(st)4.6(omach)-289.6(cont)4.6(ent)4.6(s)-297.4(i)4.6(s)-304.3(a)-297.4(b)-0.5(arri)4.6(er)-298.3(t)4.6(o)-310.3(i)4.6(n)-0.5(fect)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-296.5(b)-0.5(y)-296.5(v)-0.5(ari)4.6(ous)-297.4(or)25.2(gani)4.6(sms)-297.4(a)-1.5(nd,)-291.8(where)]TJ T* 0.0003 Tc [(achlorhydria)-250.9(develops)-92.5()-87.2(p)-2.1(articularly)-243(in)]TJ 15.9473 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(malnutrition)-93()-88.6(it)-266.8(re)]TJ 7.7155 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(nders)-250.4(the)-257.3(p)-1.7(atient)]TJ -23.6628 -1.1426 TD -0.0024 Tc [(mo)-4.8(re)-501.3(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(s)-5.7(c)-5.8(e)-5.8(p)-4.8(tib)-4.8(le)-487.6(to)-500.4(in)-4.8(fe)-5.8(c)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-4.8(,)-502.6(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(c)-5.8(h)-486.6(a)-5.8(s)-501.3(b)-4.8(y)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 18.2324 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(V)77(i)5.5(bri)5.5(o)-440.1(chol)5.5(erae)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.9791 0 TD 0.0029 Tc (and)Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.9409 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(Gi)4.5(ar)32.9(di)4.5(a)]TJ -27.1524 -1.1357 TD -0.0017 Tc [(la)-4.1(mb)-4.1(lia)-4.1(.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.7304 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(The)-422.1(c)-2.3(ondition)-421.2(i)3.8(s)-428.9(r)3.7(elatively)-421.2(c)-2.3(ommon)-421.2(a)-2.3(mong)-414.3(people)-415.2(o)-1.3(f)-423(a)-2.3(bout)-416.1(50)]TJ -3.7304 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(years)-358.9(o)-0.1(f)-359.9(a)-1.1(ge)-352.1(and)-358(o)-0.1(l)5(d)-0.1(er,)-360.3(a)-1.1(f)25.6(f)4.9(ect)5(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-364.9(1)-0.1(5)-364.9(t)5(o)-364.9(20%)-355.4(of)-359.9(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-365.9(popul)5(at)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-351.2(i)5(n)-364.9(t)5(hi)5(s)-372.7(a)-1.1(ge)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(group.)-291.3(The)-290.1(aci)5.1(d)-296(d)0(eci)5.1(ency)-282.2(al)5.1(so)-289.1(occurs)-290(i)5.1(n)-296(about)-290.9(30%)-293.4(of)-290.9(pat)5.1(i)5.1(e)-1(nt)5.1(s)-296.9(w)1.7(i)5.1(t)5.1(h)-302.9(adul)5.1(t)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(onset)4.7(-t)4.7(ype)-366.2(of)-373.9(pri)4.7(m)2.3(ary)-379(hypogamma-gl)4.7(obul)4.7(i)4.7(n)-0.4(emi)4.7(a)-1.4(.)-353.7(A)-377.2(wel)4.7(l)4.7(-)4.6(bal)4.7(a)-1.4(nced)-365.2(di)4.7(et)-373.9(of)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(easi)4.6(l)4.6(y)-454.8(di)4.6(gest)4.6(i)4.6(b)-0.5(l)4.6(e)-455.7(foods)-455.7(mi)4.6(ni)4.6(mi)4.6(zes)-462.6(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-455.7(d)-0.5(i)4.6(s)-1.4(comfort)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-461.7(e)-1.5(f)25.2(f)4.5(ect)4.6(s)-455.7(o)-0.5(f)-463.5(c)-1.5(ompl)4.6(et)4.6(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0013 Tc [(absence)-532.1(o)-1.1(f)-539.8(hydrochloric)-538.9(acid)-544.9(i)4(n)-551.8(t)]TJ 14.5708 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(he)-545.4(stomach.)-532.9(T)0.1(he)-545.4(condition)-537.6(does)-538.5(not)]TJ -14.5708 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(precl)5.1(ude)-420.8(ful)5.1(l)-435.4(di)5.1(gest)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-426.8(o)0(f)-421.7(f)5(at)5.1(s)-434.5(a)-1(nd)-426.8(prot)5.1(ei)5.1(ns,)-422.1(t)5.1(he)-434.6(l)5.1(a)-1(t)5.1(t)5.1(e)-1(r)-428.6(b)0(ei)5.1(ng)-426.8(at)5.1(t)5.1(acked)-419.9(by)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(i)5.6(n)0.5(t)5.6(e)-0.5(st)5.6(i)5.6(n)0.5(al)-283.5(and)-281.7(p)0.5(ancr)5.5(eat)5.6(i)5.6(c)-275.8(enzymes.)-270.2(I)5.5(n)-288.6(r)5.5(a)-0.5(r)5.5(e)-289.6(cases,)-277.1(w)2.2(her)5.5(e)-282.7(di)5.6(ar)5.5(r)5.5(h)0.5(ea)-282.7(may)-281.7(r)5.5(esul)5.6(t)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0011 Tc [(from)-260.2(achl)3.8(o)-1.3(rhydri)3.8(a)-2.3(,)-251.3(d)-1.3(i)3.8(l)3.8(u)-1.3(t)3.8(e)-263.8(hydrochl)3.8(ori)3.8(c)]TJ 15.6789 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(aci)5(d)-254.8(m)2.6(ay)-254.8(be)-255.7(admi)5(ni)5(st)5(ered)-247.9(by)-254.8(mout)5(h.)]TJ -15.6789 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Wher)5.2(e)-510.1(t)5.3(hi)5.3(s)-510(causes)-496.3(a)-0.8(n)-509.2(i)5.3(ncr)5.2(ease)-496.3(i)5.3(n)-516.1(d)0.2(i)5.3(s)-0.7(comf)5.2(or)5.2(t)-504(o)0.2(r)-504.1(e)-0.8(ven)-502.3(p)0.2(ai)5.3(n,)-504.5(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-510.1(u)0.2(se)-503.2(of)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(dexamet)4.7(h)-0.4(asone)-304.2(or)-332.6(mucosal)-311.9(c)-1.4(oat)4.7(i)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-323.9(a)-1.4(gent)4.7(s)-324.8(i)4.7(s)-331.7(p)-0.4(referred.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Commonl)5.2(y,)-435.8(achl)5.2(o)0.1(r)5.1(hydr)5.1(i)5.2(a)-427.6(may)-433.6(not)-435.3(be)-441.4(accompani)5.2(e)-0.9(d)-412.9(b)0.1(y)-440.4(o)0.1(t)5.2(h)0.1(er)-435.4(di)5.2(seases,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(but)-373.8(i)4.8(n)-378.9(some)-373(cases)-366(t)4.8(h)-0.3(ere)-379.8(i)4.8(s)-379.8(a)-379.8(c)-1.3(onnect)4.8(i)4.8(on.)-360.5(For)-373.8(e)-1.3(xampl)4.8(e)-1.3(,)-367.4(achl)4.8(o)-0.3(rhydri)4.8(a)-372.9(i)4.8(s)-379.8(an)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0005 Tc [(abnormality)-373.6(that)-382.2(sometimes)-367.6(occurs)-374.5(with)]TJ 16.8971 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(severe)-367(iron)-386.7(deciency.)-354.5(Histalog-)]TJ -16.8971 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc [(fast)-299.6(achlorhydria,)-293.1(r)3.2(esulting)-297.8(from)-308.9(i)3.3(ntrins)]TJ 15.961 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(ic)-305.4(factor)-299.4(deciency)-290.7(i)3.5(n)-304.5(g)-1.6(astric)-298.5(juice,)]TJ -15.961 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(may)-344.7(b)-0.5(e)-345.6(a)-1.5(n)-337.8(i)4.6(ndi)4.6(cat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-344.7(o)-0.5(f)-346.5(p)-0.5(erni)4.6(ci)4.6(ous)-338.7(anemi)4.6(a)-1.5(.)-333.1(H)1.2(yperpl)4.6(a)-1.5(st)4.6(i)4.6(c)-338.7(pol)4.6(yps)-345.6(are)-345.6(o)-0.5(ft)4.6(en)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(found)-323.9(i)4.7(n)-337.7(associ)4.7(at)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-317(w)1.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(h)-337.7(achl)4.7(o)-0.4(rhydri)4.7(a)-1.4(.)]TJ 33.2579 81.6029 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Excessi)5.4(ve)-269.1(al)5.4(cohol)-276.8(i)5.4(n)0.3(t)5.4(a)-0.7(ke)-282.9(can)-281.9(al)5.4(so)-281.9(l)5.4(ead)-281.9(t)5.4(o)-295.7(achl)5.4(o)0.3(rhydri)5.4(a)-276(and)-281.9(i)5.4(t)-290.6(i)5.4(s)-289.7(s)-0.6(ai)5.4(d)-281.9(t)5.4(hat)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD [(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-337.8(r)5.4(esi)5.5(s)-0.5(t)5.5(a)-0.6(nce)-324.1(f)5.4(or)-338.7(cyani)5.5(d)0.4(e)-324.1(poi)5.5(soni)5.5(ng)-330(of)-331.8(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-337.8(R)2.2(ussi)5.5(an)-330(myst)5.5(i)5.5(c)-0.6(,)-332.2(R)2.2(asput)5.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(,)-325.4(w)2.1(as)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(at)5.2(t)5.2(r)5.1(i)5.2(but)5.2(abl)5.2(e)-283.1(t)5.2(o)-282.1(t)5.2(h)0.1(at)-277(ef)25.8(fect)5.2(.)-277.5(T)0.9(he)-276.2(great)-277(amount)-270.1(of)-277.1(vodka)-269.3(t)5.2(h)0.1(at)-277(he)-276.2(consumed)-261.5(l)5.2(e)-0.9(d)]TJ T* [(t)5.1(o)-406.1(achl)5.1(o)0(rhydri)5.1(a)-393.3(and)-399.2(t)5.1(hus)-400.1(t)5.1(h)0(e)-407.1(i)5.1(ngest)5.1(ed)-392.4(pot)5.1(assi)5.1(um)-396.5(cyani)5.1(d)0(e)-393.3(d)0(i)5.1(d)-406.1(not)-394.1(l)5.1(i)5.1(b)0(erat)5.1(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(l)5.1(e)-1(t)5.1(h)0(al)-394.1(hydrocyani)5.1(c)-386.4(g)0(as,)-394.6(nor)-394.2(was)-400.1(t)5.1(he)-400.2(pot)5.1(assi)5.1(um)-389.7(sal)5.1(t)-401(absorbed)-385.5(t)5.1(h)0(rough)-392.4(t)5.1(h)0(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(st)5.3(omach)-323.3(wal)5.3(l)5.3(s)-0.7(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 10.9162 -2.1061 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-333.4(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 308.76 688.8151 Tm 0 Tc [(Holt,)-332.8(P.R.)-449.4(and)-463.6(R)-1.3(.M.)-340.6(R)-1.3(ussell:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 12.5191 0 TD -0.0003 Tc [(Chr)39(onic)-411.1(G)-1(astritis-Achlor)15.7(h)2.4(ydria)-409.5(i)-2.1(n)-409.5(t)-2.1(he)-403.3(Elderly,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 19.6762 0 TD 0.0013 Tc (CRC)Tj -31.1929 -1.1579 TD -0.0013 Tc [(P)-4.8(r)-2.5(ess,)-326.4(L)-4.2(L)-4.2(C)-2.6(.,)-334.1(Boca)-334.4(Raton,)-334.1(F)-4.8(L)-4.2(,)-334.1(1993.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 659.475 Tm 0.0004 Tc [(ACID-BASE)-303.1(REGULA)75.4(TION)-303.1(\(Blood\).)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 17.2963 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(The)-303.8(hydrogen)-296(i)5.1(on)-309.8(concent)5.1(r)5(at)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)]TJ -17.2963 -1.1494 TD [(of)-222.1(t)5.1(h)0(e)-228.1(b)0(l)5.1(ood)-220.3(i)5.1(s)-228(mai)5.1(n)0(t)5.1(a)-1(i)5.1(n)0(ed)-220.3(at)-222(a)-228.1(c)-1(onst)5.1(a)-1(nt)-208.3(l)5.1(e)-1(vel)-222(o)0(f)-222.1(p)0(H)-225.4(7)0(.4)-227.2(by)-220.3(a)-228.1(c)-1(ompl)5.1(ex)-213.4(syst)5.1(em)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(of)-504.3(physi)5.1(c)-1(o-chemi)5.1(cal)-483.6(processes,)-490.9(i)5.1(nvol)5.1(vi)5.1(ng,)-497.8(among)-502.5(ot)5.1(hers,)-504.7(n)0(eut)5.1(r)5(al)5.1(i)5.1(zat)5.1(i)5.1(on,)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(buf)25.4(feri)4.8(ng,)-291.6(and)-289.4(e)-1.3(xcret)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-282.5(b)-0.3(y)-296.3(t)4.8(he)-290.4(l)4.8(ungs)-290.3(and)-289.4(k)-0.3(i)4.8(dneys.)-277.9(T)0.5(hi)4.8(s)-290.3(t)4.8(opi)4.8(c)-297.2(i)4.8(s)-290.3(s)-1.2(omet)4.8(i)4.8(m)2.4(es)]TJ T* -0.0026 Tc [(re)-6(fe)-6(rre)-6(d)-349.2(t)0.1(o)-349.2(a)-6(s)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 5.8159 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(aci)4.8(d)-0.3(-base)-297.2(m)1.4(et)4.8(abol)4.8(i)4.8(s)-1.2(m.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.4018 0 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Th)-4(e)-349.1(c)-5(lin)-4(ic)-5(a)-5(l)-343(imp)-4(o)-4(r)1(ta)-5(n)-4(c)-5(e)-342.2(o)-4(f)-343.1(a)-5(c)-5(i)1.1(d)-4(s)-342.2(a)-5(n)-4(d)]TJ -15.2177 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(bases)-317.9(i)4.7(n)-330.8(l)4.7(i)4.7(f)4.6(e)-338.6(p)-0.4(rocesses)-311(d)-0.4(eri)4.7(v)-0.4(es)-324.8(from)-328.1(s)-1.3(ev)]TJ 16.2708 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(eral)-319(fundament)4.5(al)-319(fact)4.5(ors.)-319.5(\(1\))-332.8(M)2.9(ost)]TJ -16.2708 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(chemi)5.1(cal)-290.9(react)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-296.9(wi)5.1(t)5.1(h)0(i)5.1(n)-309.8(t)5.1(h)0(e)-303.8(body)-296(t)5.1(a)-1(ke)-303.8(pl)5.1(ace)-296.9(i)5.1(n)-302.9(wat)5.1(e)-1(r)-304.7(s)-0.9(ol)5.1(ut)5.1(i)5.1(ons.)-291.3(T)0.8(he)-303.8(t)5.1(ype)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.003 Tc [(and)-261(r)5.6(at)5.7(e)-275.7(o)0.6(f)-262.8(s)-0.3(uch)-261(r)5.6(eact)5.7(i)5.7(ons)-261.9(i)5.7(s)-275.6(ser)5.6(i)5.7(ousl)5.7(y)-261(af)26.3(f)5.6(ect)5.7(ed)-267.9(by)-267.9(aci)5.7(d-)5.6(base)-255(concent)5.7(r)5.6(at)5.7(i)5.7(ons,)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(of)-504.5(whi)4.9(c)-1.2(h)-509.6(p)-0.2(H)-500.9(i)4.9(s)-517.3(one)-503.6(i)4.9(ndi)4.9(cat)4.9(i)4.9(on.)-498(\(2\))-332.4(H)1.5(ydrogen)-502.7(i)4.9(ons)-503.6(are)-510.5(m)2.4(obi)4.9(l)4.9(e)-510.5(char)25.5(ged)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(part)5(i)5(c)-1.1(l)5(e)-1.1(s)-544.8(a)-1.1(nd)-543.9(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-551.7(d)-0.1(i)5(s)-1(t)5(r)4.9(i)5(but)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-550.8(o)-0.1(f)-545.7(s)-1(uch)-537(i)5(ons)-544.8(as)-544.8(sodi)5(um,)-546.1(pot)5(assi)5(um,)-532.3(a)-1.1(nd)]TJ T* 0.0006 Tc [(chloride)-395.1(in)-401(the)-395.1(cell)-389(e)-2.8(nvironment)-389(a)]TJ 14.2128 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(re)-394.8(ultimately)-400.7(a)-2.5(f)24.2(f)3.5(ected)-393.9(by)-393.9(hydrogen)-380.1(i)3.6(on)]TJ -14.2128 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(concent)4.9(r)4.8(at)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-516.5(\()4.8(pH\).)-525.6(\(3\))-332.4(I)4.8(t)-532(a)-1.2(l)4.9(s)-1.1(o)-523.3(h)-0.2(as)-517.3(been)-516.5(est)4.9(a)-1.2(bl)4.9(i)4.9(s)-1.1(hed)-516.5(t)4.9(hat)-525.1(hydrogen)-509.6(i)4.9(on)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(concent)5.6(r)5.5(at)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-371.2(i)5.6(nuences)-365.2(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-385.9(t)5.6(hr)5.5(ee-)5.5(di)]TJ 14.9906 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(mensi)4.8(onal)-366.9(c)-1.3(ongurat)4.8(i)4.8(ons)-366(of)-387.6(prot)4.8(ei)4.8(ns.)]TJ -14.9906 -1.1425 TD [(Prot)4.7(ei)4.7(n)-330.8(c)-1.4(onformat)4.7(i)4.7(onal)-311.9(c)-1.4(hanges)-311(a)-1.4(f)25.3(f)4.6(ect)]TJ 15.7959 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(b)-5.1(io)-5.1(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(m)-2.4(ic)-6.1(a)-6.1(l)-316.6(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(tiv)-5.1(ity)-335.5(o)-5.1(f)-330.4(p)-5.1(r)-0.1(o)-5.1(t)0(e)-6.1(i)0(n)-5.1(s)]TJ -15.7959 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(and)-495.9(t)4.8(hus)-503.7(can)-495.9(af)25.4(fect)-504.5(normal)-497.7(p)-0.3(rot)4.8(e)-1.3(i)4.8(n)-502.8(funct)4.8(i)4.8(on.)-498.1(For)-497.7(e)-1.3(xampl)4.8(e)-1.3(,)-491.2(e)-1.3(nzymes,)-484.4(a)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(p)-4.9(a)-5.9(rtic)-5.9(u)-4.9(l)0.2(a)-5.9(r)-330.2(c)-5.9(l)0.2(a)-5.9(s)-5.8(s)-322.4(o)-4.9(f)-337.1(p)-4.9(ro)-4.9(te)-5.9(in)-4.9(s)-5.8(,)-323.8(e)-5.9(x)-4.9(h)-4.9(i)0.2(b)-4.9(i)0.2(t)-330.2(o)-4.9(p)-4.9(tima)-5.9(l)-330.2(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(tiv)-4.9(ity)-335.3(with)-4.9(in)-342.2(a)-336.2(n)-4.9(a)-5.9(rro)-4.9(w)-326.7(r)0.1(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(g)-4.9(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0014 Tc [(of)-305.7(pH.)-313(M)2.5(ost)-305.6(physiological)-291.9(activities,)-313(an)]TJ 16.1262 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(d)-304.2(e)-2.3(specially)-304.2(muscular)-299.1(exercise,)-299.5(a)-2.3(re)]TJ -16.1262 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(accompani)5.4(e)-0.7(d)-330.1(b)0.3(y)-350.8(t)5.4(he)-358.6(pr)5.3(oduct)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-343.9(o)0.3(f)-352.6(aci)5.4(d,)-346.1(t)5.4(o)-357.6(neut)5.4(r)5.3(a)-0.7(l)5.4(i)5.4(z)-0.7(e)-351.7(w)2(hi)5.4(ch,)-346.1(a)-351.7(subst)5.4(a)-0.7(nt)5.4(i)5.4(a)-0.7(l)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(al)4.9(kal)4.9(i)-476.9(reserve,)-477.4(mai)4.9(n)-0.2(l)4.9(y)-482(i)4.9(n)-488.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-483(f)4.8(orm)-486.2(o)-0.2(f)-477(b)-0.2(i)4.9(carbonat)4.9(e)-1.2(,)-470.5(i)4.9(s)-489.8(m)2.5(ai)4.9(nt)4.9(ai)4.9(ned)-475.1(i)4.9(n)-482(t)4.9(he)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(pl)5(asma,)-325.9(a)-1.1(nd)-323.6(so)-330.5(l)5(ong)-337.4(as)-331.4(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-331.5(r)4.9(at)5(i)5(o)-337.4(of)-332.3(carbon)-330.5(di)5(oxi)5(de)-324.6(t)5(o)-337.4(bi)5(carbonat)5(e)-324.6(remai)5(n)-0.1(s)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(const)4.9(a)-1.2(nt)4.9(,)-326(t)4.9(he)-345.3(hydrogen)-330.6(i)4.9(on)-344.4(concent)4.9(r)4.8(at)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-323.7(o)-0.2(f)-346.2(t)4.9(he)-338.4(bl)4.9(ood)-337.5(does)-338.4(not)-332.4(al)4.9(t)4.9(e)-1.2(r.)-346.6(Any)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0011 Tc [(non-volatile)-401.5(acid,)-402.8(such)-393.7(as)-401.4(lactic)-408.4(or)-402.4(phos)]TJ 16.7526 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(phoric,)-389.6(e)-2.9(ntering)-401.1(t)]TJ 7.158 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(he)-408.1(blood)-400.2(reacts)]TJ -23.9106 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(wi)4.6(t)4.6(h)-303.4(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-304.3(b)-0.5(i)4.6(carbonat)4.6(e)-290.6(of)-298.3(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-304.3(a)-1.5(l)4.6(k)-0.5(al)4.6(i)-298.3(r)4.5(eserve)-297.4(t)4.6(o)-303.4(form)-307.6(carbon)-289.6(di)4.6(oxi)4.6(de,)-298.7(w)1.2(hi)4.6(ch)-296.5(i)4.6(s)]TJ T* -0.0022 Tc [(v)-4.6(o)-4.6(l)0.5(a)-5.6(tile)-5.6(,)-357.9(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-355.7(wh)-4.6(ic)-5.6(h)-355.7(c)-5.6(o)-4.6(m)-1.9(b)-4.6(i)0.5(n)-4.6(e)-5.6(s)-356.5(w)-2.9(ith)-362.5(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(mo)-4.6(g)-4.6(l)0.5(o)-4.6(b)-4.6(i)0.5(n)-348.8(b)-4.6(y)-362.5(w)-2.9(h)-4.6(i)0.5(c)-5.6(h)-355.7(it)-364.3(is)-363.4(tra)-5.6(n)-4.6(s)-5.5(p)-4.6(o)-4.6(r)0.4(te)-5.6(d)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(t)5(o)-330.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-331.5(l)5(ungs)-324.5(and)-323.6(e)-1.1(l)5(i)5(m)2.6(i)5(n)-0.1(at)5(ed)-330.5(by)-323.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-331.5(p)-0.1(rocesses)-310.7(o)-0.1(f)-325.4(r)4.9(espi)5(rat)5(i)5(on.)-325.9(It)-332.3(wi)5(l)5(l)-339.1(al)5(so)-323.6(be)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(evi)5.1(d)0(ent)-401(from)-417.2(t)5.1(hi)5.1(s)-420.8(t)5.1(hat)-414.8(n)0(o)-413(aci)5.1(d)-406.1(s)-0.9(t)5.1(r)5(onger)-407.9(t)5.1(han)-413(carbon)-406.1(di)5.1(oxi)5.1(de)-407.1(can)-413(exi)5.1(s)-0.9(t)-407.9(i)5.1(n)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-331.9(b)-0.5(l)4.6(ood.)-326.3(The)-331.9(f)4.5(oregoi)4.6(ng)-330.9(neut)4.6(ral)4.6(i)4.6(z)-1.5(i)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-330.9(a)-1.5(nd)-324(buf)25.2(feri)4.6(ng)-337.8(ef)25.2(fect)4.6(s)-331.8(o)-0.5(f)-332.7(b)-0.5(i)4.6(carbonat)4.6(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0022 Tc [(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-273.1(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(m)-1.9(o)-4.6(g)-4.6(l)0.5(o)-4.6(b)-4.6(i)0.5(n)-266.2(a)-5.6(re)-274(s)-5.5(h)-4.6(o)-4.6(r)0.4(t-te)-5.6(rm)-277.3(e)-5.6(f)21.1(fe)-5.6(c)-5.6(t)0.5(s)-5.5(;)-274.8(to)-280(in)-4.6(s)-5.5(u)-4.6(re)-280.9(n)-4.6(a)-5.6(l)-267.9(e)-5.6(limin)-4.6(a)-5.6(tio)-4.6(n)-280(o)-4.6(f)-274.9(e)-5.6(x)-4.6(c)-5.6(e)-5.6(s)-5.5(s)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(d)-300.9(o)-4.9(r)-302.7(a)-5.9(lk)-4.9(a)-5.9(li,)-310(c)-5.9(e)-5.9(r)0.1(ta)-5.9(in)-300.9(v)-4.9(ita)-5.9(l)-309.5(r)0.1(e)-5.9(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-4.9(s)-301.8(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(me)-301.8(in)-4.9(to)-307.8(p)-4.9(l)0.2(a)-5.9(y)-4.9(.)-303.1(T)-4.1(h)-4.9(e)-301.8(ra)-5.9(te)-308.7(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-300.9(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(p)-4.9(th)-300.9(o)-4.9(f)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(respi)4.7(r)4.6(at)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-220.7(a)-1.4(re)-221.6(governed)-213.8(by)-220.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-221.6(l)4.7(evel)-215.6(of)-222.5(carbon)-213.8(di)4.7(oxi)4.7(de)-221.6(i)4.7(n)-227.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-221.6(b)-0.4(l)4.7(ood,)-216(t)4.7(h)-0.4(rough)]TJ T* [(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-221.6(act)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-213.8(o)-0.4(f)-222.5(t)4.7(he)-221.6(respi)4.7(r)4.6(at)4.7(ory)-220.7(cent)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-208.7(i)4.7(n)-220.7(t)4.7(he)-221.6(brai)4.7(n;)-222.4(by)-213.8(t)4.7(h)-0.4(i)4.7(s)-228.4(means)-207.8(t)4.7(he)-221.6(pul)4.7(monary)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0026 Tc [(v)-5(e)-6(n)-5(tila)-6(tio)-5(n)-418(r)0(a)-6(t)0.1(e)-418.9(i)0.1(s)-418.9(c)-6(o)-5(n)-5(tin)-5(u)-5(a)-6(lly)-411.1(a)-6(d)-5(ju)-5(s)-5.9(t)0.1(e)-6(d)-404.2(to)-424.9(s)-5.9(e)-6(c)-6(u)-5(re)-405.2(a)-6(d)-5(e)-6(q)-5(u)-5(a)-6(te)-405.2(e)-6(limin)-5(a)-6(tio)-5(n)-418(o)-5(f)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(carbon)-551(di)4.8(oxi)4.8(de.)-560.1(I)4.7(n)-564.7(t)4.8(he)-565.7(ki)4.8(dneys)-551.8(t)4.8(w)1.4(o)-564.7(m)2.4(echani)4.8(s)-1.2(ms)-551.8(operat)4.8(e)-1.3(;)-552.7(a)-1.3(mmoni)4.8(a)-558.8(i)4.8(s)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(formed,)-305.6(w)1.2(hereby)-296.5(aci)4.6(di)4.6(c)-304.3(s)-1.4(ubst)4.6(a)-1.5(nces)-290.5(i)4.6(n)-310.3(process)-297.4(o)-0.5(f)-305.2(e)-1.5(xcret)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-303.4(a)-1.5(re)-304.3(neut)4.6(ral)4.6(i)4.6(zed,)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(s)-6(e)-6.1(ttin)-5.1(g)-521.4(fre)-6.1(e)-529.2(b)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(ic)-515.4(io)-5.1(n)-5.1(s)-522.2(s)-6(u)-5.1(c)-6.1(h)-514.5(a)-6.1(s)-522.2(s)-6(o)-5.1(d)-5.1(i)0(u)-5.1(m)-518.7(to)-528.2(re)-6.1(tu)-5.1(rn)-528.2(to)-528.2(th)-5.1(e)-522.3(b)-5.1(lo)-5.1(o)-5.1(d)-521.3(to)-528.2(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(lp)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(mai)5.5(n)0.4(t)5.5(a)-0.6(i)5.5(n)-281.8(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-282.8(a)-0.6(l)5.5(k)0.4(al)5.5(i)-283.6(r)5.4(eser)5.4(ve.)-277.2(W)3.9(her)5.4(e)-282.8(t)5.5(h)0.4(er)5.4(e)-282.8(i)5.5(s)-289.6(a)-282.8(t)5.5(e)-0.6(ndency)-268.1(t)5.5(owar)5.4(d)-281.8(d)0.4(evel)5.5(opment)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(of)-414.5(i)5.4(n)0.3(creased)-405.8(aci)5.4(di)5.4(t)5.4(y)-412.7(i)5.4(n)-419.6(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-420.5(b)0.3(l)5.4(ood,)-408.1(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-420.5(k)0.3(i)5.4(dneys)-406.7(are)-413.7(a)-0.7(bl)5.4(e)-413.6(s)-0.6(el)5.4(ect)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(el)5.4(y)-412.7(t)5.4(o)-419.6(r)5.3(e-)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc 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0.001 Tc (Achlorhydria)Tj /F1 1 Tf 5.7952 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5919 0 TD -0.0009 Tc [(Ac)-4.3(ido)-3.3(s)-4.2(is)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.5653 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.6057 0 TD 0.0003 Tc (Alkalosis)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.8956 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5988 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Bl)4.4(ood)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.5053 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(pH)-445.6(\(Hydr)18.8(ogen)-440.5(I)-1.8(on)]TJ -22.011 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Concent)4.7(r)-1.3(at)4.7(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.511 0 TD 0.3208 Tc [(;a)317.4(n)318.4(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3746 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Potassi)4.7(um)-321.3(and)-329.9(S)0.5(odi)4.7(u)0.5(m)-328.2(\()4.6(In)-329.9(Bi)4.7(ol)4.7(ogi)4.7(cal)-325.7(S)0.5(ystems\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 20.2352 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -29.1208 -2.3402 TD 0.001 Tc [(ACIDIC)-268.1(S)-0.5(OL)89.9(VENT.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.8836 0 TD 0.0022 Tc 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-0.0019 Tc [(An)-424.2(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(a)-5.3(l)0.8(y)-4.3(tic)-5.3(a)-5.3(l)-412.2(me)-5.3(th)-4.3(o)-4.3(d)-424.2(fo)-4.3(r)-426(d)-4.3(e)-5.3(t)0.8(e)-5.3(r)0.7(min)-4.3(i)0.8(n)-4.3(g)-417.3(th)-4.3(e)-425.1(q)-4.3(u)-4.3(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(tity)-424.2(o)-4.3(f)]TJ -7.8807 -1.1426 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(i)0(d)-583.3(i)0(n)-590.2(a)-584.2(g)-5.1(i)0(v)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-583.3(s)-6(a)-6.1(m)-2.4(p)-5.1(l)0(e)-577.4(b)-5.1(y)-583.3(titra)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-597.1(a)-6.1(g)-5.1(a)-6.1(in)-5.1(s)-6(t)-578.2(a)-584.2(s)-6(ta)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-5.1(a)-6.1(rd)-576.4(s)-6(o)-5.1(lu)-5.1(tio)-5.1(n)-590.2(o)-5.1(f)-578.2(a)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(b)-4.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(,)-406.3(o)-4.8(r,)-426.9(mo)-4.8(re)-418.7(b)-4.8(r)0.2(o)-4.8(a)-5.8(d)-4.8(l)0.3(y)-4.8(,)-420(a)-418.7(m)-2.1(e)-5.8(t)0.3(h)-4.8(o)-4.8(d)-417.8(o)-4.8(f)-419.6(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(l)0.3(y)-4.8(s)-5.7(is)-411.8(b)-4.8(y)-424.7(titra)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-431.6(w)-3.1(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(re)-418.7(th)-4.8(e)-418.7(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)]TJ 0 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[(t)5.4(hus)-289.7(i)5.4(n)0.3(cr)5.3(easi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-275.1(t)5.4(he)-296.6(hydr)5.3(ogen)-275.1(i)5.4(on)-288.8(concent)5.4(r)5.3(at)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-281.9(o)0.3(f)-283.7(t)5.4(he)-289.8(bl)5.4(ood,)-284.2(exceedi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-275.1(t)5.4(he)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc [(normal)-429.1(l)4.5(i)4.5(m)2.1(i)4.5(t)-436(of)-429.2(7.4.)-429.6(The)-428.3(aci)4.5(di)4.5(t)4.5(y)-0.6(-al)4.5(k)-0.6(al)4.5(i)4.5(n)-0.6(i)4.5(t)4.5(y)-434.3(rat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-441.1(i)4.5(n)-434.3(body)-420.5(t)4.5(i)4.5(ssue)-435.2(normal)4.5(l)4.5(y)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(i)5.5(s)-544.3(del)5.5(i)5.5(cat)5.5(el)5.5(y)-543.4(c)-0.6(ont)5.5(r)5.4(o)0.4(l)5.5(l)5.5(e)-0.6(d)-536.5(b)0.4(y)-543.4(s)-0.5(ever)5.4(al)-531.4(mechani)5.5(s)-0.5(ms,)-525(not)5.5(abl)5.5(y)-536.5(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-544.3(r)5.4(egul)5.5(at)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(of)-497.7(carbon)-489(di)4.8(oxi)4.8(de-oxygen)-482.1(t)4.8(ransfer)-490.8(i)4.8(n)-502.8(t)4.8(he)-496.8(l)4.8(ungs,)-491.2(t)4.8(he)-496.8(presence)-483.1(of)-497.7(buf)25.4(fer)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(compounds)-379.6(i)5(n)-392.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-393.4(b)-0.1(l)5(ood,)-387.8(and)-392.5(t)5(he)-393.4(numer)]TJ 16.7457 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(ous)-386.7(sensi)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-378.9(a)-1.3(reas)-386.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(at)-394.4(are)-393.6(a)-393.6(p)-0.3(art)]TJ -16.7457 -1.1425 TD [(of)-339.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-345.5(cent)4.7(r)4.6(al)-339.5(nervous)-331.7(syst)4.7(em.)-333(N)1.3(orma)]TJ 15.4793 0 TD [(l)4.8(l)4.8(y)-0.3(,)-346.7(aci)4.8(di)4.8(c)-338.5(m)2.4(at)4.8(eri)4.8(a)-1.3(l)4.8(s)-345.4(are)-338.5(p)-0.3(roduced)-330.7(i)4.8(n)]TJ -15.4793 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(excess)-365.7(i)5.1(n)-385.5(t)5.1(he)-379.5(body,)-367(t)5.1(h)0(i)5.1(s)-386.4(excess)-365.7(b)0(ei)5.1(ng)-371.7(neut)5.1(ral)5.1(i)5.1(zed)-378.6(by)-378.6(t)5.1(h)0(e)-379.5(p)0(resence)-365.8(o)0(f)-373.5(free)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(al)5(kal)5(i)5(n)-0.1(e)-379.6(e)-1.1(l)5(e)-1.1(ment)5(s,)-367.2(such)-371.8(as)-379.6(sodi)5(um)-376(occurri)5(ng)-371.8(i)5(n)-385.6(pl)5(asma.)-374(T)0.7(he)-379.6(combi)5(n)-0.1(at)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(of)-421.7(sodi)5.1(um)-417.2(wi)5.1(t)5.1(h)-426.8(excess)-407(aci)5.1(ds)-420.8(produces)-407(carbon)-413(di)5.1(oxi)5.1(de)-420.8(whi)5.1(c)-1(h)-419.9(i)5.1(s)-427.7(e)-1(xhal)5.1(e)-1(d.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Aci)5.4(dosi)5.4(s)-303.5(may)-309.5(r)5.3(esul)5.4(t)-304.3(f)5.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(m:)-318.1(\()5.3(1)0.3(\))-325(s)-0.6(ever)5.3(e)-303.5(e)-0.7(xer)5.3(c)-0.7(i)5.4(s)-0.6(e,)-297.9(l)5.4(eadi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-302.6(t)5.4(o)-316.4(i)5.4(ncr)5.3(eased)-295.7(car)5.3(bon)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(di)5.1(oxi)5.1(de)-241.9(cont)5.1(ent)-235.8(o)0(f)-242.8(t)5.1(he)-248.8(bl)5.1(ood,)-236.3(\(2\))-332.2(s)-0.9(l)5.1(eep,)-236.3(e)-1(speci)5.1(al)5.1(l)5.1(y)-234.1(under)-235.9(n)0(arcosi)5.1(s,)-236.3(where)-241.9(t)5.1(he)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(el)4.5(i)4.5(m)2.1(i)4.5(n)-0.6(at)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-282.8(o)-0.6(f)-284.7(carbon)-269.1(di)4.5(oxi)4.5(de)-283.8(i)4.5(s)-283.7(depressed,)-264.4(\(3\))-325.9(h)-0.6(eart)-277.7(f)4.4(ai)4.5(l)4.5(u)-0.6(re,)-285.1(w)1.1(here)-276.9(t)4.5(h)-0.6(ere)-283.8(i)4.5(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0009 Tc [(diminished)-428.3(ventilation)-435.2(o)-1.5(f)-430.1(carbon)-428.3(di)]TJ 14.7979 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(oxide)-428.6(through)-427.7(the)-435.5(l)4.2(ungs,)-423(\()4.1(4\))-333.1(diabetes)]TJ -14.7979 -1.1425 TD -0.0022 Tc [(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-541.5(s)-5.5(ta)-5.6(rv)-4.6(a)-5.6(tio)-4.6(n)-4.6(,)-536.8(in)-548.4(wh)-4.6(ic)-5.6(h)-541.5(o)-4.6(r)21.1(g)-4.6(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(ic)-549.3(a)-5.6(c)-5.6(i)0.5(d)-4.6(s)-5.5(,)-536.8(s)-5.5(u)-4.6(c)-5.6(h)-534.6(a)-5.6(s)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 21.1644 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(-hydroxybut)4.2(yri)4.2(c)-531.9(and)]TJ -21.7976 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(acet)5.5(oacet)5.5(i)5.5(c)-434.2(aci)5.5(ds,)-435.5(accumul)5.5(a)-0.6(t)5.5(e)-0.6(,)-428.6(\()5.4(5\))-331.8(ki)5.5(dney)-440.1(f)5.4(ai)5.5(l)5.5(u)0.4(r)5.4(e)-0.6(,)-449.2(i)5.5(n)-447(w)2.1(hi)5.5(ch)-447(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-448(d)0.4(amaged)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(ki)4.9(dneys)-221.4(cannot)-222.2(excret)4.9(e)-221.4(aci)4.9(d)-227.4(r)4.8(adi)4.9(cal)4.9(s,)-229.6(and)-227.4(\()4.8(6\))-332.4(severe)-221.4(di)4.9(arrhea,)-222.7(i)4.9(n)-234.3(whi)4.9(c)-1.2(h)-234.3(t)4.9(here)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(i)5.5(s)-324(l)5.5(o)0.4(ss)-324(of)-318.1(al)5.5(kal)5.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(e)-317.2(s)-0.5(ubst)5.5(a)-0.6(nces.)-297.8(N)2.1(ausea,)-304.7(vomi)5.5(t)5.5(i)5.5(ng,)-325.4(and)-316.2(w)2.1(eakness)-303.4(somet)5.5(i)5.5(m)3.1(es)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(may)-261.2(accompany)-240.5(aci)5.5(dosi)5.5(s)-0.5(.)-249.6(S)1.3(ee)-255.2(al)5.5(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 14.1991 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(Aci)4.1(d)-0.1(-Base)-256.6(R)0.7(egul)4.1(ati)4.1(o)-1(n)-254.8(\()4(Bl)4.1(ood\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.6917 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Bl)4.4(ood)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.5053 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj -30.0087 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc (and)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.7757 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Potassi)4.7(um)-321.3(and)-329.9(S)0.5(odi)4.7(u)0.5(m)-328.2(\()4.6(In)-329.9(Bi)4.7(ol)4.7(ogi)4.7(cal)-325.7(S)0.5(ystems\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 20.2352 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -22.011 -2.3952 TD 0.0014 Tc [(ACID)-439.8(RAIN.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.807 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(Aci)4.7(d)-447.8(rai)4.7(n)-447.8(can)-434.1(be)-448.8(si)4.7(mpl)4.7(y)-440.9(descri)4.7(bed)-434.1(a)-1.4(s)-441.8(r)4.6(ai)4.7(n)-454.7(t)4.7(hat)-442.7(i)4.7(s)-448.7(m)2.3(ore)]TJ -6.807 -1.1425 TD [(aci)4.8(di)4.8(c)-448.7(t)4.8(han)-454.6(normal)4.8(.)-449.9(Aci)4.8(d)-447.7(rai)4.8(n)-454.6(i)4.8(s)-462.4(a)-448.7(c)-1.3(ompl)4.8(i)4.8(cat)4.8(ed)-447.7(probl)4.8(em.)-443.1(C)1.5(aused)-440.8(b)-0.3(y)-454.6(a)-1.3(i)4.8(r)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(pol)4.9(l)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(on,)-332.8(aci)4.9(d)-323.7(r)4.8(ai)4.9(ns)-338.4(s)-1.1(pread)-323.7(and)-323.7(d)-0.2(amage)-324.7(i)4.9(nvol)4.9(ve)-324.7(weat)4.9(her,)-326(chemi)4.9(s)-1.1(t)4.9(r)4.8(y,)-326(soi)4.9(l)4.9(,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(and)-323.7(t)4.9(he)-331.6(l)4.9(i)4.9(f)4.8(e)-338.4(c)-1.2(ycl)4.9(e)-1.2(s)-324.6(o)-0.2(f)-325.5(p)-0.2(l)4.9(a)-1.2(nt)4.9(s)-331.5(a)-1.2(nd)-323.7(ani)4.9(m)2.5(al)4.9(s)-324.6(o)-0.2(n)-330.6(t)4.9(he)-331.6(l)4.9(a)-1.2(nd)-330.6(and)-323.7(i)4.9(n)-330.6(t)4.9(he)-331.6(wat)4.9(e)-1.2(r.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(Sci)4.7(e)-1.4(nt)4.7(i)4.7(s)-1.3(t)4.7(s)-359.2(have)-352.4(di)4.7(scovered)-351.5(t)4.7(hat)-360.1(a)-1.4(i)4.7(r)-360.2(pol)4.7(l)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-365.2(from)-362.5(t)4.7(he)-359.3(burni)4.7(ng)-358.3(of)-360.2(fossi)4.7(l)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(fuel)5.4(s)-337.9(i)5.4(s)-344.8(t)5.4(he)-344.8(maj)5.4(o)0.3(r)-338.8(cause)-331.1(of)-338.8(aci)5.4(d)-337(r)5.3(ai)5.4(n.)-339.2(Aci)5.4(d)0.3(i)5.4(c)-337.9(deposi)5.4(t)5.4(i)5.4(on,)-332.3(or)-338.8(aci)5.4(d)-337(r)5.3(ai)5.4(n,)-339.2(as)-337.9(i)5.4(t)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(s)-366.1(commonl)4.7(y)-351.5(known,)-353.7(occurs)-352.3(when)-358.3(emi)4.7(ssi)4.7(ons)-352.3(of)-360.2(sul)4.7(f)4.6(ur)-360.2(di)4.7(oxi)4.7(de)-359.3(\(SO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 270.24 377.835 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 273.78 379.155 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7365 0 TD 0.0029 Tc (and)Tj -28.8391 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(oxi)5(des)-297(o)-0.1(f)-304.8(n)-0.1(i)5(t)5(r)4.9(ogen)-303(\()4.9(NO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 111.42 367.875 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 116.34 369.195 Tm 0.0027 Tc [(\))-304.4(r)5.3(eact)-297.5(i)5.4(n)-309.5(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-310.4(a)-0.7(t)5.4(m)3(ospher)5.3(e)-289.8(wi)5.4(t)5.4(h)-316.3(wat)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(,)-297.9(oxygen,)-291(and)]TJ -10.0421 -1.1494 TD 0.0015 Tc [(oxi)4.2(dant)4.2(s)-435.4(t)4.2(o)-455.2(f)4.1(orm)-445.6(v)-0.9(ari)4.2(ous)-442.3(aci)4.2(di)4.2(c)-442.4(c)-1.9(ompounds.)-423(T)-0.1(hi)4.2(s)-449.2(m)1.8(i)4.2(x)-0.9(t)4.2(u)-0.9(re)-449.3(forms)-449.2(a)-449.3(mi)4.2(l)4.2(d)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0025 Tc [(s)-5.8(o)-4.9(lu)-4.9(tio)-4.9(n)-287.1(o)-4.9(f)-295.8(s)-5.8(u)-4.9(l)0.2(fu)-4.9(ric)-295(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(d)-287.1(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-287.1(n)-4.9(itric)-301.8(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(d)-4.9(.)-282.5(Su)-4.9(n)-4.9(lig)-4.9(h)-4.9(t)-288.9(in)-4.9(c)-5.9(r)0.1(e)-5.9(a)-5.9(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(s)-281.1(th)-4.9(e)-288.1(r)0.1(a)-5.9(t)0.2(e)-295(o)-4.9(f)-295.8(m)-2.3(o)-4.9(s)-5.8(t)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(of)-324.7(t)5.7(h)0.6(ese)-323.9(r)5.6(eact)5.7(i)5.7(ons.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(These)-283.4(c)-1.2(ompounds)-276.4(t)4.9(h)-0.2(en)-289.3(fal)4.9(l)-298(t)4.9(o)-296.2(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-290.3(eart)4.9(h)-289.3(i)4.9(n)-296.2(ei)4.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(er)-291.1(wet)-291.1(f)4.8(orm)-293.5(\()4.8(such)-289.3(as)-290.2(rai)4.9(n)-0.2(,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0013 Tc [(snow,)-361.3(a)-2.1(nd)-359(fog)-372.8(o)-1.1(r)-367.7(d)-1.1(ry)-365.9(form)-370.1(\(such)-365.9(a)-2.1(s)-359.9(g)-1.1(as)-366.8(and)-359(p)-1.1(art)4(i)4(c)-2.1(l)4(e)-2.1(s\).)-368.2(A)0.6(bout)-360.8(hal)4(f)-367.7(of)-367.7(t)4(h)-1.1(e)]TJ T* 0.0001 Tc [(acidity)-463.5(in)-470.4(the)-464.4(a)-3.3(tmosphere)-450.7(falls)-471.2(back)]TJ 15.7339 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(to)-470.3(earth)-463.4(through)-463.4(dry)-463.4(d)-2.2(eposition)-456.5(a)-3.2(s)]TJ -15.7339 -1.1494 TD -0.0019 Tc [(g)-4.3(a)-5.3(s)-5.2(e)-5.3(s)-383.8(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(d)-389.8(d)-4.3(r)0.7(y)-389.8(p)-4.3(a)-5.3(r)0.7(tic)-5.3(le)-5.3(s)-5.2(.)-392(Th)-4.3(e)-390.7(w)-2.6(in)-4.3(d)-396.7(b)-4.3(lo)-4.3(ws)-390.7(th)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(e)-383.8(a)-5.3(c)-5.3(i)0.8(d)-4.3(i)0.8(c)-390.7(p)-4.3(a)-5.3(r)0.7(tic)-5.3(le)-5.3(s)-397.5(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(d)-382.9(g)-4.3(a)-5.3(s)-5.2(e)-5.3(s)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(ont)5.3(o)-330.2(bui)5.3(l)5.3(d)0.2(i)5.3(ngs,)-325.6(cars,)-332.4(homes,)-318.7(a)-0.8(nd)-330.2(t)5.3(r)5.2(ees.)-332.4(I)5.2(n)-337.1(s)-0.7(ome)-324.3(i)5.3(nst)5.3(a)-0.8(nces,)-318.7(t)5.3(hese)-331.2(gases)-317.3(a)-0.8(nd)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(rtic)-5.8(le)-5.8(s)-515(c)-5.8(a)-5.8(n)-507.3(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(t)-509(a)-5.8(w)-3.1(a)-5.8(y)-507.3(th)-4.8(e)-522(t)0.3(h)-4.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(g)-4.8(s)-515(o)-4.8(n)-507.3(wh)-4.8(ic)-5.8(h)-514.2(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(y)-514.2(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(ttle)-5.8(.)-516.4(D)-3.1(ry)-514.2(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(p)-4.8(o)-4.8(s)-5.7(ite)-5.8(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(gases)-399.5(a)-0.4(nd)-412.4(par)5.6(t)5.7(i)5.7(c)-0.4(l)5.7(e)-0.4(s)-413.3(a)-0.4(r)5.6(e)-413.3(somet)5.7(i)5.7(m)3.3(es)-413.3(washed)-398.6(f)5.6(r)5.6(o)0.6(m)-416.6(t)5.7(r)5.6(ees)-413.3(and)-412.4(o)0.6(t)5.7(h)0.6(er)-407.3(sur)5.6(f)5.6(aces)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(by)-337.1(rai)5.3(n)0.2(.)-346.2(W)3.7(hen)-337.1(t)5.3(hat)-338.9(h)0.2(appens,)-318.7(t)5.3(he)-344.9(runof)25.9(f)-338.9(w)1.9(at)5.3(er)-338.9(adds)-331.1(t)5.3(hose)-338(aci)5.3(ds)-331.1(t)5.3(o)-350.9(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-338(aci)5.3(d)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(ra)-5.8(in)-4.8(,)-344.3(m)-2.1(a)-5.8(k)-4.8(in)-4.8(g)-335.2(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-343(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(mb)-4.8(in)-4.8(a)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-328.3(m)-2.1(o)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-343(a)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(d)-4.8(i)0.3(c)-343(t)0.3(h)-4.8(a)-5.8(n)-335.2(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-343(fa)-5.8(llin)-4.8(g)-349(r)0.2(a)-5.8(i)0.3(n)-342.1(a)-5.8(lo)-4.8(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(.)-330.6(T)-4(h)-4.8(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(combi)5.7(n)0.6(at)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)-316(o)0.6(f)-317.9(aci)5.7(d)-316(r)5.6(ai)5.7(n)-322.9(p)0.6(l)5.7(u)0.6(s)-323.8(d)0.6(r)5.6(y)-322.9(deposi)5.7(t)5.7(e)-0.4(d)-309.2(aci)5.7(d)-316(i)5.7(s)-323.8(cal)5.7(l)5.7(e)-0.4(d)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 23.8556 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-5.1(c)-6.1(id)-287.3(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(p)-5.1(o)-5.1(s)-6(itio)-5.1(n)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.1876 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj -30.0431 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc (See)Tj /F2 1 Tf 1.7551 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(Acid)-310.7(Deposition)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.8758 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(,)-297.6(w)2.3(hi)5.7(ch)-302.3(i)5.7(s)-316.9(di)5.7(scussed)-288.5(i)5.7(n)-309.2(m)3.3(or)5.6(e)-310.1(d)0.6(et)5.7(ai)5.7(l)-304(l)5.7(at)5.7(er)-304.1(i)5.7(n)-309.2(t)5.7(h)0.6(i)5.7(s)-310(ent)5.7(r)5.6(y.)]TJ -8.6309 -1.1494 TD 0.001 Tc [(Prevailing)-366.2(w)0.3(inds)-367.1(transport)-361.1(t)3.7(he)-367.2(co)]TJ 13.7035 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(mpounds,)-347.4(s)-1.9(ometimes)-359.8(hundreds)-352.9(o)-1(f)-367.6(m)1.7(iles,)]TJ -13.7035 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(across)-324.8(s)-1.3(t)4.7(a)-1.4(t)4.7(e)-324.9(and)-323.9(n)-0.4(at)4.7(i)4.7(onal)-325.7(borders.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0001 Tc [(Electric)-588.5(u)-2.5(tility)-601.3(plants)-588.5(account)-568.7(fo)]TJ 14.1853 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(r)-587(a)-1.1(bout)-573.2(70)-330.5(percent)-573.2(o)-0.1(f)-587(a)-1.1(nnual)-566.3(S)0.8(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 289.26 198.1951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 189.4951 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(emi)5.5(ssi)5.5(ons)-344.7(and)-350.7(3)0.4(0)-330(p)0.4(er)5.4(cent)-345.5(o)0.4(f)-352.5(N)2.1(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 145.44 188.1751 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 153.42 189.4951 Tm -0.0026 Tc [(e)-6(m)-2.3(is)-5.9(s)-5.9(i)0.1(o)-5(n)-5(s)-356.9(in)-362.9(th)-5(e)-357(U)-3.3(n)-5(ite)-6(d)-362.9(S)-4.1(ta)-6(te)-6(s)-5.9(.)-351.4(Mo)-5(b)-5(ile)]TJ -14.2956 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(sources)-483.4(\(t)4.4(ransport)4.4(a)-1.7(t)4.4(i)4.4(on\))-491.2(al)4.4(so)-489.4(cont)4.4(ri)4.4(but)4.4(e)-490.4(s)-1.6(i)4.4(gni)4.4(cant)4.4(l)4.4(y)-489.4(t)4.4(o)-496.3(NO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 247.02 178.2151 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 256.26 179.5351 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(emi)5.3(ssi)5.3(ons.)]TJ -26.0928 -1.1426 TD -0.0014 Tc [(Ov)-3.8(e)-4.8(r)1.2(a)-4.8(ll,)-584.2(o)-3.8(v)-3.8(e)-4.8(r)-570(2)-3.8(0)-334.2(m)-1.1(illio)-3.8(n)-588.9(t)1.3(o)-3.8(n)-3.8(s)-582.9(o)-3.8(f)-583.8(SO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 167.76 168.2551 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 176.34 169.5751 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-577.7(N)2.2(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 206.64 168.2551 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 216.6 169.5751 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(a)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-583.7(e)-5.6(mitte)-5.6(d)-582.8(i)0.5(n)-4.6(t)0.5(o)-589.7(t)0.5(h)-4.6(e)]TJ -21.5433 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(at)5.6(mospher)5.5(e)-317.1(each)-323(year)5.5(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(Aci)5.5(d)-398.8(r)5.4(a)-0.6(i)5.5(n)-405.7(causes)-386(aci)5.5(di)5.5(cat)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-392(o)0.4(f)-393.8(l)5.5(akes)-392.8(and)-398.8(s)-0.5(t)5.5(r)5.4(eams)-392.8(a)-0.6(nd)-398.8(cont)5.5(r)5.4(i)5.5(but)5.5(es)-392.8(t)5.5(o)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(damage)-407.1(of)-407.9(t)5.1(r)5(ees)-413.9(at)-414.8(hi)5.1(gh)-413(el)5.1(evat)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-407(\(for)-421.7(e)-1(xampl)5.1(e)-1(,)-401.5(r)5(ed)-413(spruce)-407.1(t)5.1(r)5(ees)-413.9(above)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(2,)5.2(000)-322.9(f)5.6(eet)-476.1(i)5.7(n)-481.2(el)5.7(evat)5.7(i)5.7(on\))5.6(.)-476.6(I)5.6(n)-481.2(a)-0.4(ddi)5.7(t)5.7(i)5.7(on,)-469.7(aci)5.7(d)-474.4(r)5.6(ai)5.7(n)-481.2(accel)5.7(er)5.6(at)5.7(es)-468.3(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-475.3(d)0.6(ecay)-467.5(of)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(bui)5.6(l)5.6(d)0.5(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)-467.6(m)3.2(at)5.6(er)5.5(i)5.6(a)-0.5(l)5.6(s)-475.3(and)-460.7(p)0.5(ai)5.6(nt)5.6(s,)-469.8(i)5.6(n)0.5(cl)5.6(udi)5.6(ng)-460.7(i)5.6(r)5.5(r)5.5(e)-0.5(pl)5.6(aceabl)5.6(e)-461.6(bui)5.6(l)5.6(d)0.5(i)5.6(ngs,)-462.9(s)-0.4(t)5.6(a)-0.5(t)5.6(u)0.5(es,)]TJ T* 0.0012 Tc [(and)-524.3(s)-2.1(cul)3.9(p)-1.2(t)3.9(u)-1.2(res)-518.3(t)3.9(hat)-519.2(a)-2.2(re)-532.2(part)-519.2(of)-526.1(our)-526.1(nat)3.9(i)3.9(ons)-525.2(c)-2.2(ul)3.9(t)3.9(u)-1.2(ral)-526.1(h)-1.2(eri)3.9(t)3.9(a)-2.2(ge.)-519.7(P)-0.3(ri)3.9(or)-526.1(t)3.9(o)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(fa)-6.1(llin)-5.1(g)-562.6(t)0(o)-555.8(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-549.8(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(th)-5.1(,)-551.1(S)-4.2(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 118.98 98.3551 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 127.32 99.675 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-543.3(N)2.2(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 157.32 98.3551 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 167.04 99.675 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(g)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(e)-6.1(s)-542.9(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-548.9(th)-5.1(e)-6.1(i)0(r)-557.6(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(tic)-6.1(u)-5.1(l)0(a)-6.1(t)0(e)-549.8(m)-2.5(a)-6.1(tte)-6.1(r)]TJ -15.8581 -1.1425 TD [(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(riv)-5.1(a)-6.1(tiv)-5.1(e)-6.1(s)-6(,)-420.3(s)-6(u)-5.1(l)0(fa)-6.1(te)-6.1(s)-419(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-425(n)-5.1(itra)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(s)-6(,)-427.2(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(t)0(rib)-5.1(u)-5.1(t)0(e)-419(t)0(o)-431.9(v)-5.1(is)-6(ib)-5.1(ility)-438.8(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(g)-5.1(r)-0.1(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-411.2(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(imp)-4.8(a)-5.8(c)-5.8(t)-330.1(p)-4.8(u)-4.8(b)-4.8(lic)-336.2(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(lth)-4.8(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Impl)4.6(ement)4.6(a)-1.5(t)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-255.2(o)-0.5(f)-257(t)4.6(he)-256.1(Aci)4.6(d)-262.1(Rai)4.6(n)-255.2(Program)-252.5(under)-250.1(t)4.6(he)-256.1(1990)-255.2(Cl)4.6(ean)-255.2(Ai)4.6(r)-257(A)1.2(ct)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Amendment)4.8(s)-207.7(wi)4.8(l)4.8(l)-229.2(confer)-215.5(si)4.8(gni)4.8(cant)-208.6(b)-0.3(enet)4.8(s)-207.7(on)-220.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-221.5(n)-0.3(at)4.8(i)4.8(on.)-215.9(By)-220.6(reduci)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-213.7(S)0.6(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 289.26 58.455 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 501.54 794.655 Tm 0.0002 Tc [(ACID)-335.1(RAIN)-1994.6(9)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 771.135 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-343.7(N)2.2(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 337.02 769.8151 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 341.88 771.135 Tm -0.0021 Tc [(,)-357.8(m)-1.8(a)-5.5(n)-4.5(y)-348.7(a)-5.5(c)-5.5(i)0.6(d)-4.5(i)0.6(e)-5.5(d)-348.7(l)0.6(a)-5.5(k)-4.5(e)-5.5(s)-349.6(a)-5.5(n)-4.5(d)-348.7(s)-5.4(tre)-5.5(a)-5.5(m)-1.8(s)-349.6(w)-2.8(ill)-357.3(imp)-4.5(r)0.5(o)-4.5(v)-4.5(e)-356.5(s)-5.4(u)-4.5(b)-4.5(s)-5.4(ta)-5.5(n)-4.5(tia)-5.5(lly)-348.7(s)-5.4(o)]TJ -3.7993 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc [(that)-292.7(they)-284(can)-290.9(once)-285(a)-2.8(gain)-284(support)-285.8()-0.9(sh)-290.9(life.)-293.1(V)61.9(i)3.3(sibility)-304.7(will)-299.6(improve,)-286.3(a)-2.8(llowing)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(for)-297.8(i)5.1(ncreased)-282.2(enj)5.1(oyment)-277.1(o)0(f)-297.8(s)-0.9(ceni)5.1(c)-283.2(vi)5.1(st)]TJ 15.4311 0 TD 0.0019 Tc [(as)-297.4(across)-283.6(our)-291.4(count)4.6(ry,)-291.8(p)-0.5(art)4.6(i)4.6(c)-1.5(ul)4.6(arl)4.6(y)-296.5(i)4.6(n)]TJ -15.4311 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Nat)4.8(i)4.8(onal)-325.6(P)0.6(arks.)-326.1(S)0.6(t)4.8(r)4.7(ess)-331.6(t)4.8(o)-337.6(t)4.8(he)-338.5(forest)4.8(s)-331.6(t)4.8(hat)-332.5(popul)4.8(at)4.8(e)-324.8(t)4.8(he)-338.5(ri)4.8(dges)-331.6(o)-0.3(f)-332.5(m)2.4(ount)4.8(ai)4.8(ns)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(fro)-4.8(m)-305(M)-1.3(a)-5.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(e)-301.7(to)-300.8(Ge)-5.8(o)-4.8(r)20.9(g)-4.8(i)0.3(a)-301.7(w)-3.1(ill)-309.4(b)-4.8(e)-301.7(re)-5.8(d)-4.8(u)-4.8(c)-5.8(e)-5.8(d)-4.8(.)-289.3(D)-3.1(e)-5.8(t)0.3(e)-5.8(r)0.2(io)-4.8(ra)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-300.8(o)-4.8(f)-302.6(h)-4.8(is)-5.7(to)-4.8(ric)-301.7(b)-4.8(u)-4.8(ild)-4.8(in)-4.8(g)-4.8(s)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(and)-530(m)2.7(onument)5.1(s)-530.9(wi)5.1(l)5.1(l)-545.5(be)-537.8(sl)5.1(owed.)-532.2(F)0.9(i)5.1(n)0(al)5.1(l)5.1(y)0(,)-539.1(r)5(educt)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-530.9(i)5.1(n)-543.8(SO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 529.68 720.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 537.96 721.575 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-529.5(N)2.2(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 567.84 720.255 Tm 0 Tc (X)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 711.675 Tm 0.002 Tc [(wi)4.7(l)4.7(l)-415.2(reduce)-407.5(s)-1.3(ul)4.7(fat)4.7(e)-1.4(s,)-401.9(ni)4.7(t)4.7(r)4.6(at)4.7(es,)-415.6(a)-1.4(nd)-406.5(ground)-406.5(l)4.7(e)-1.4(vel)-401.4(o)-0.4(zone)-407.5(\(smog\),)-408.7(l)4.7(eadi)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-406.5(t)4.7(o)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(i)4.9(m)2.5(provement)4.9(s)-324.6(i)4.9(n)-330.6(publ)4.9(i)4.9(c)-331.6(heal)4.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7964 TD 0.0029 Tc [(Surf)5.5(a)0.5(ce)-317.1(W)60(a)0.5(t)5.5(ers)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3353 TD -0.0003 Tc [(Acid)-450.1(rain)-457(primarily)-457(af)23(fects)-451(s)-3.6(ensitiv)]TJ 14.7359 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(e)-449.3(bodies)-442.3(of)-443.3(water,)-450.5(that)-450.1(is,)-450.5(t)4.2(hose)-442.4(t)4.2(hat)]TJ -14.7359 -1.1357 TD -0.0006 Tc [(rest)-321.4(atop)-326.5(soil)-328.3(with)-333.4(a)-334.4(limited)-333.4(a)-4(bility)-340.3(to)]TJ 15.6307 0 TD 0.001 Tc [(neutralize)-325.9(acidic)-325.9(c)-2.4(ompounds)-312(\(called)]TJ -15.6307 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(buf)25.9(f)5.2(e)-0.8(r)5.2(i)5.3(ng)-474.8(capaci)5.3(t)5.3(y)0.2(\))5.2(.)-470.1(M)3.7(any)-474.8(l)5.3(akes)-468.7(and)-474.8(s)-0.7(t)5.3(r)5.2(eams)-475.6(e)-0.8(xami)5.3(ned)-467.9(i)5.3(n)-481.6(a)-482.6(Nat)5.3(i)5.3(onal)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0017 Tc [(Su)-4.1(rfa)-5.1(c)-5.1(e)-328.6(W)82(a)-5.1(te)-5.1(r)-343.2(S)-3.2(u)-4.1(r)0.9(v)-4.1(e)-5.1(y)-327.6(\()0.9(NSWS\))-336.3(s)-5(u)-4.1(f)21.6(fe)-5.1(r)-336.3(fro)-4.1(m)-345.6(c)-5.1(h)-4.1(r)0.9(o)-4.1(n)-4.1(i)1(c)-328.6(a)-5.1(c)-5.1(i)1(d)-4.1(ity)-4.1(,)-336.7(a)-335.4(c)-5.1(o)-4.1(n)-4.1(d)-4.1(itio)-4.1(n)-334.5(i)1(n)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(whi)5.4(c)-0.7(h)-309.5(w)2(at)5.4(er)-311.3(has)-303.5(a)-317.3(const)5.4(a)-0.7(nt)-297.5(l)5.4(o)0.3(w)-314.6(\()5.3(aci)5.4(di)5.4(c\))-311.3(pH)-314.6(l)5.4(e)-0.7(vel)5.4(.)-304.8(The)-310.4(s)-0.6(urvey)-309.5(i)5.4(nvest)5.4(i)5.4(g)0.3(at)5.4(ed)]TJ T* -0.0026 Tc [(th)-5(e)-274.4(e)-6(f)20.7(f)0(e)-6(c)-6(t)0.1(s)-281.2(o)-5(f)-275.3(a)-6(c)-6(i)0.1(d)-5(i)0.1(c)-274.4(d)-5(e)-6(p)-5(o)-5(s)-5.9(itio)-5(n)-266.6(i)0.1(n)-280.4(o)-5(v)-5(e)-6(r)-268.4(1)-5(,0)-5(0)-5(0)-273.5(la)-6(k)-5(e)-6(s)-274.3(l)0.1(a)-6(r)20.7(g)-5(e)-6(r)-275.3(t)0.1(h)-5(a)-6(n)-273.5(1)-5(0)-335.4(a)-6(c)-6(r)0(e)-6(s)-267.5(a)-6(n)-5(d)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0008 Tc [(in)-249.4(thousands)-229.6(of)-244.3(miles)-250.3(o)-1.6(f)-244.4(s)-2.5(treams)-243.4(b)-1.6(elieve)]TJ 16.0505 0 TD 0.0009 Tc [(d)-242.4(t)3.6(o)-249.3(b)-1.5(e)-243.4(s)-2.4(ensitive)-243.4(t)3.6(o)-249.3(acidication.)-237.8(Of)]TJ -16.0505 -1.1357 TD 0.0027 Tc [(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-241.6(l)5.4(akes)-234.6(and)-233.8(s)-0.6(t)5.4(r)5.3(eams)-241.5(s)-0.6(ur)5.3(veyed)-226.9(i)5.4(n)-240.6(t)5.4(he)-241.6(NSWS,)-236(aci)5.4(d)-240.6(r)5.3(ai)5.4(n)-240.6(h)0.3(as)-241.5(been)-226.9(det)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(m)3(i)5.4(n)0.3(ed)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(t)5.3(o)-350.9(cause)-338(aci)5.3(di)5.3(t)5.3(y)-350.9(i)5.3(n)-350.9(75)-330.2(percent)-338.8(o)0.2(f)-345.8(t)5.3(he)-351.8(aci)5.3(di)5.3(c)-344.9(l)5.3(akes)-344.9(and)-344(a)-0.8(bout)-338.8(50)-330.2(percent)-338.9(o)0.2(f)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-255.2(aci)5.5(di)5.5(c)-255.2(s)-0.5(t)5.5(r)5.4(eams.)-249.6(Sever)5.4(a)-0.6(l)-249.2(r)5.4(egi)5.5(ons)-255.2(i)5.5(n)-261.2(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-255.2(U)2.1(.)5(S)1.3(.)-263.4(w)2.1(er)5.4(e)-255.2(i)5.5(dent)5.5(i)5.5()1.3(ed)-254.3(as)-255.2(cont)5.5(ai)5.5(ni)5.5(ng)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0016 Tc [(ma)-5(n)-4(y)-293.1(o)-4(f)-301.8(th)-4(e)-300.9(s)-4.9(u)-4(rfa)-5(c)-5(e)-294.1(wa)-5(te)-5(rs)-294(s)-4.9(e)-5(n)-4(s)-4.9(itiv)-4(e)-294.1(t)1.1(o)-306.9(a)-5(c)-5(i)1.1(d)-4(i)1.1(c)-5(a)-5(tio)-4(n)-4(.)-288.5(Th)-4(e)-5(y)-293.1(in)-4(c)-5(l)1.1(u)-4(d)-4(e)-5(,)-288.5(b)-4(u)-4(t)-301.8(a)-5(r)1(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(not)-297.9(l)5(i)5(m)2.6(i)5(t)5(e)-1.1(d)-309.9(t)5(o,)-305.2(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-303.9(A)1.6(di)5(rondacks,)-291.4(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-303.9(m)2.6(i)5(d)-0.1(-Appal)5(achi)5(a)-1.1(n)-289.2(h)-0.1(i)5(ghl)5(ands,)-291.4(t)5(he)-303.9(upper)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(Mi)5.1(dwest)5.1(,)-325.8(and)-323.5(t)5.1(he)-331.4(hi)5.1(gh)-330.4(el)5.1(evat)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-323.5(W)86.1(est)5.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0021 Tc [(In)-651.5(s)-5.4(o)-4.5(me)-645.6(s)-5.4(e)-5.5(n)-4.5(s)-5.4(itiv)-4.5(e)-638.7(l)0.6(a)-5.5(k)-4.5(e)-5.5(s)-645.5(a)-5.5(n)-4.5(d)-637.8(s)-5.4(tre)-5.5(a)-5.5(m)-1.8(s)-5.4(,)-640(a)-5.5(c)-5.5(i)0.6(d)-4.5(i)0.6(c)-5.5(a)-5.5(tio)-4.5(n)-644.6(h)-4.5(a)-5.5(s)-638.6(c)-5.5(o)-4.5(mp)-4.5(le)-5.5(te)-5.5(ly)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(eradi)5.3(cat)5.3(ed)-419.7(sh)-426.6(s)-0.7(peci)5.3(es,)-421.9(s)-0.7(uch)-419.7(a)-0.8(s)-427.5(t)5.3(he)-434.4(brook)-426.6(t)5.3(r)5.2(out)5.3(,)-442.6(l)5.3(eavi)5.3(n)0.2(g)-426.6(t)5.3(hese)-420.6(bodi)5.3(es)-427.5(of)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(wat)4.5(e)-1.6(r)-277.8(b)-0.6(arren.)-271.3(In)-289.7(fact)4.5(,)-278.2(hundreds)-269.9(o)-0.6(f)-277.8(t)4.5(he)-283.8(l)4.5(a)-1.6(kes)-276.8(i)4.5(n)-282.8(t)4.5(he)-283.8(Adi)4.5(r)4.4(ondacks)-263.1(s)-1.5(urveyed)-269.1(i)4.5(n)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-296.8(N)1.8(SWS)-288.1(h)0.1(ave)-290(aci)5.2(di)5.2(t)5.2(y)-295.9(l)5.2(e)-0.9(vel)5.2(s)-289.9(i)5.2(ndi)5.2(cat)5.2(i)5.2(v)0.1(e)-290(o)0.1(f)-290.8(c)-0.9(hemi)5.2(cal)-283.9(condi)5.2(t)5.2(i)5.2(ons)-289.9(unsui)5.2(t)5.2(a)-0.9(bl)5.2(e)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(fo)-5.1(r)-337.3(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-336.5(s)-6(u)-5.1(rv)-5.1(iv)-5.1(a)-6.1(l)-323.5(o)-5.1(f)-337.3(s)-6(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(s)-6(itiv)-5.1(e)-329.6()-4.2(s)-6(h)-328.6(s)-6(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(c)-6.1(i)0(e)-6.1(s)-6(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0019 Tc [(Emis)-5.2(s)-5.2(i)0.8(o)-4.3(n)-4.3(s)-493.9(fro)-4.3(m)-511(U)-2.6(.S.)-509(s)-5.2(o)-4.3(u)-4.3(r)0.7(c)-5.3(e)-5.3(s)-487(a)-5.3(l)0.8(s)-5.2(o)-506.8(c)-5.3(o)-4.3(n)-4.3(t)0.8(rib)-4.3(u)-4.3(t)0.8(e)-500.8(t)0.8(o)-506.8(a)-5.3(c)-5.3(i)0.8(d)-4.3(i)0.8(c)-500.8(d)-4.3(e)-5.3(p)-4.3(o)-4.3(s)-5.2(itio)-4.3(n)-499.9(i)0.8(n)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc [(east)4.5(e)-1.6(rn)-269.1(Canada,)-264.4(w)1.1(here)-276.9(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-276.9(s)-1.5(oi)4.5(l)-277.7(i)4.5(s)-283.7(v)-0.6(ery)-276(s)-1.5(i)4.5(m)2.1(i)4.5(l)4.5(a)-1.6(r)-277.8(t)4.5(o)-282.8(t)4.5(he)-276.9(soi)4.5(l)-277.7(of)-277.8(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-276.9(A)1.1(di)4.5(rondack)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Mount)5(ai)5(ns,)-270.8(a)-1.1(nd)-275.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-276.4(l)5(akes)-276.3(are)-276.4(c)-1.1(onsequent)5(l)5(y)-261.7(ext)5(r)4.9(emel)5(y)-275.5(vul)5(nerabl)5(e)-269.5(t)5(o)-282.3(c)-1.1(hroni)5(c)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(aci)5.1(di)5.1(cat)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-220.3(p)0(robl)5.1(ems.)-215.6(The)-228.1(C)1.8(anadi)5.1(a)-1(n)-213.4(government)-208.3(has)-228(e)-1(st)5.1(i)5.1(m)2.7(at)5.1(ed)-220.3(t)5.1(h)0(at)-222(14,000)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(l)5.7(a)-0.4(kes)-323.8(i)5.7(n)-329.8(east)5.7(e)-0.4(r)5.6(n)-322.9(Canada)-317(ar)5.6(e)-330.7(aci)5.7(di)5.7(c.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(St)4.5(reams)-428.3()0.3(owi)4.5(n)-0.6(g)-427.4(over)-422.3(s)-1.5(oi)4.5(l)-429.1(w)1.1(i)4.5(t)4.5(h)-434.3(l)4.5(o)-0.6(w)-432.5(buf)25.1(feri)4.5(ng)-434.3(capaci)4.5(t)4.5(y)-420.5(are)-428.3(e)-1.6(qual)4.5(l)4.5(y)-427.4(as)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0027 Tc [(suscept)5.4(i)5.4(b)0.3(l)5.4(e)-351.7(t)5.4(o)-364.5(damage)-358.6(f)5.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(m)-361.8(aci)5.4(d)-364.5(r)5.3(ai)5.4(n)-364.5(a)-0.7(s)-365.4(l)5.4(akes)-351.6(ar)5.3(e.)-366.7(Appr)5.3(oxi)5.4(mat)5.4(e)-0.7(l)5.4(y)-357.6(580)-357.6(of)]TJ T* -0.0022 Tc [(th)-4.6(e)-384.1(s)-5.5(tre)-5.6(a)-5.6(m)-2(s)-377.2(i)0.5(n)-383.2(t)0.5(h)-4.6(e)-384.1(Mid)-4.6(-)0.4(Atla)-5.6(n)-4.6(tic)-384.1(Co)-4.6(a)-5.6(s)-5.5(ta)-5.6(l)-371.2(P)-3.7(la)-5.6(in)-383.2(a)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-384.1(a)-5.6(c)-5.6(i)0.5(d)-4.6(i)0.5(c)-377.2(p)-4.6(rima)-5.6(rily)-390.1(d)-4.6(u)-4.6(e)-377.3(to)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(aci)5(di)5(c)-365.9(d)-0.1(eposi)5(t)5(i)5(on.)-367.1(The)-372.7(N)1.6(ew)-370.1(Jersey)-358(Pi)5(ne)-372.7(Barrens)-372.7(area)-365.9(endures)-365.8(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-372.7(h)-0.1(i)5(ghest)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(r)5.3(a)-0.7(t)5.4(e)-420.5(of)-414.5(aci)5.4(di)5.4(c)-420.5(s)-0.6(t)5.4(r)5.3(eams)-413.6(i)5.4(n)-419.6(t)5.4(he)-420.5(nat)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-419.6(w)2(i)5.4(t)5.4(h)-426.5(over)-407.6(9)0.3(0)-330.1(p)0.3(er)5.3(cent)-407.6(o)0.3(f)-414.5(t)5.4(he)-420.5(st)5.4(r)5.3(eams)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc 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[(There)-407.2(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-1(o)-399.3(i)5(s)-414(a)-407.2(concern)-399.3(a)-1.1(bout)-394.2(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-414(i)5(mpact)-401.1(of)-401.2(aci)5(d)-406.2(r)4.9(ai)5(n)-413.1(o)-0.1(n)-406.2(f)4.9(orest)-401.1(s)-1(oi)5(l)5(s)-1(.)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(There)-393.7(i)4.7(s)-400.5(good)-392.8(reason)-385.9(t)4.7(o)-399.6(bel)4.7(i)4.7(e)-1.4(ve)-393.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(at)-394.5(l)4.7(ong-t)4.7(e)-1.4(rm)-397(changes)-379.9(i)4.7(n)-399.6(t)4.7(he)-400.6(chemi)4.7(s)-1.3(t)4.7(r)4.6(y)]TJ T* -0.0022 Tc [(o)-4.6(f)-316.2(s)-5.5(o)-4.6(me)-322.2(s)-5.5(e)-5.6(n)-4.6(s)-5.5(itiv)-4.6(e)-315.3(s)-5.5(o)-4.6(ils)-315.2(ma)-5.6(y)-321.2(h)-4.6(a)-5.6(v)-4.6(e)-315.3(a)-5.6(lre)-5.6(a)-5.6(d)-4.6(y)-314.4(o)-4.6(c)-5.6(c)-5.6(u)-4.6(rre)-5.6(d)-307.5(a)-5.6(s)-322.1(a)-322.2(re)-5.6(s)-5.5(u)-4.6(lt)-316.1(o)-4.6(f)-316.2(a)-5.6(c)-5.6(i)0.5(d)-321.2(r)0.4(a)-5.6(i)0.5(n)-4.6(.)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(As)-290.5(aci)4.6(d)-289.6(r)4.5(ai)4.6(n)-289.6(m)2.2(oves)-283.6(t)4.6(hrough)-289.6(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-290.6(s)-1.4(oi)4.6(l)4.6(s)-1.4(,)-291.8(i)4.6(t)-291.4(can)-282.7(st)4.6(ri)4.6(p)-296.5(a)-1.5(way)-282.7(v)-0.5(i)4.6(t)4.6(a)-1.5(l)-291.4(p)-0.5(l)4.6(a)-1.5(nt)-291.4(nut)4.6(ri)4.6(ent)4.6(s)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(t)5.5(h)0.4(r)5.4(ough)-364.4(chemi)5.5(cal)-352.4(r)5.4(eact)5.5(i)5.5(ons,)-359.8(t)5.5(hus)-365.3(posi)5.5(n)0.4(g)-357.5(a)-372.2(pot)5.5(ent)5.5(i)5.5(a)-0.6(l)-359.3(t)5.5(hr)5.4(eat)-366.2(t)5.5(o)-371.3(f)5.4(u)0.4(t)5.5(u)0.4(r)5.4(e)-365.4(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(e)-0.6(st)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(product)4.4(i)4.4(v)-0.7(i)4.4(t)4.4(y)-0.7(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.8997 TD -0.0018 Tc [(V)31.9(i)0.9(s)-5.1(i)0.9(bility)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3697 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Sul)4.8(f)4.7(ur)-394.5(di)4.8(oxi)4.8(de)-386.7(emi)4.8(ssi)4.8(ons)-379.8(l)4.8(ead)-392.7(t)4.8(o)-392.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-393.6(f)4.7(ormat)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-392.7(o)-0.3(f)-394.5(s)-1.2(ul)4.8(fat)4.8(e)-393.6(part)4.8(i)4.8(c)-1.3(l)4.8(e)-1.3(s)-386.7(i)4.8(n)-399.5(t)4.8(he)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(at)4.6(mosphere.)-519(S)0.4(ul)4.6(fat)4.6(e)-531.5(part)4.6(i)4.6(c)-1.5(l)4.6(e)-1.5(s)-531.4(account)-518.5(for)-532.3(m)2.2(ore)-538.3(t)4.6(han)-530.5(5)-0.5(0)-324(p)-0.5(ercent)-525.4(o)-0.5(f)-532.3(t)4.6(he)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(v)-5.1(i)0(s)-6(i)0(b)-5.1(ility)-397.5(re)-6.1(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-390.6(i)0(n)-390.6(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-391.5(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(te)-6.1(rn)-383.7(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(rt)-392.3(o)-5.1(f)-385.5(th)-5.1(e)-391.5(U)-3.4(n)-5.1(ite)-6.1(d)-390.6(S)-4.2(ta)-6.1(te)-6.1(s)-6(,)-385.9(a)-6.1(f)20.6(fe)-6.1(c)-6.1(tin)-5.1(g)-390.6(o)-5.1(u)-5.1(r)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(enj)5(oyment)-263.4(o)-0.1(f)-277.3(n)-0.1(at)5(i)5(onal)-270.3(p)-0.1(arks,)-270.8(s)-1(uch)-268.6(a)-1.1(s)-276.3(t)5(he)-283.3(Shenandoah)-254.8(a)-1.1(nd)-268.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-283.3(G)1.6(reat)-270.3(Smoky)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(Mount)4.9(ai)4.9(ns.)-236.5(T)0.6(he)-249(Aci)4.9(d)-248(Rai)4.9(n)-248(Program)-238.4(i)4.9(s)-255.8(expect)4.9(ed)-234.3(t)4.9(o)-248(i)4.9(m)2.5(prove)-249(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-249(v)-0.2(i)4.9(s)-1.1(ual)-236(r)4.8(ange)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(n)-358.2(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-359.2(east)4.8(e)-1.3(rn)-344.5(U.S.)-353.6(by)-358.2(30)-323.8(percent)4.8(.)-346.7(Based)-344.5(o)-0.3(n)-358.2(a)-352.3(st)4.8(udy)-351.4(of)-353.2(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-352.3(v)-0.3(al)4.8(ue)-352.3(nat)4.8(i)4.8(onal)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0023 Tc [(p)-4.7(a)-5.7(rk)-280(v)-4.7(i)0.4(s)-5.6(ito)-4.7(rs)-287.8(p)-4.7(l)0.4(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(e)-274.1(o)-4.7(n)-286.9(v)-4.7(i)0.4(s)-5.6(i)0.4(b)-4.7(ility)-4.7(,)-289.2(t)0.4(h)-4.7(e)-281(v)-4.7(i)0.4(s)-5.6(u)-4.7(a)-5.7(l)-274.9(ra)-5.7(n)-4.7(g)-4.7(e)-281(imp)-4.7(r)0.3(o)-4.7(v)-4.7(e)-5.7(me)-5.7(n)-4.7(t)0.4(s)-274(e)-5.7(x)-4.7(p)-4.7(e)-5.7(c)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(d)-266.3(a)-5.7(t)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(l)-281.9(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(r)0.2(k)-4.8(s)-287.9(o)-4.8(f)-282(th)-4.8(e)-294.9(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(te)-5.8(rn)-280.2(Un)-4.8(ite)-5.8(d)-287(S)-3.9(ta)-5.8(te)-5.8(s)-287.9(d)-4.8(u)-4.8(e)-288(to)-293.9(th)-4.8(e)-288(A)-3.1(c)-5.8(i)0.3(d)-293.9(R)-3(a)-5.8(i)0.3(n)-287(P)-3.9(ro)-4.8(g)-4.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(m)-2.1(s)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 39.96 463.9351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 47.22 465.255 Tm -0.0002 Tc [(reductions)-423.4(will)-431.1(be)-430.3(worth)-429.4(a)-430.3(billio)]TJ 13.6966 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(n)-428.4(dollars)-429.2(by)-428.4(the)-429.3(y)-1.6(ear)-416.4(2010.)-416.8(In)-435.3(the)]TJ -15.8097 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(west)4.9(ern)-316.8(p)-0.2(art)-318.6(o)-0.2(f)-325.5(t)4.9(he)-317.8(Uni)4.9(t)4.9(e)-1.2(d)-323.7(S)0.7(t)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(e)-1.2(s,)-319.1(ni)4.9(t)4.9(r)4.8(ogen)-316.9(a)-1.2(nd)-316.8(carbon)-316.8(al)4.9(so)-316.8(pl)4.9(ay)-316.8(rol)4.9(e)-1.2(s,)-319.1(but)]TJ T* -0.0021 Tc [(s)-5.4(u)-4.5(lfu)-4.5(r)-323(h)-4.5(a)-5.5(s)-322(b)-4.5(e)-5.5(e)-5.5(n)-314.3(imp)-4.5(lic)-5.5(a)-5.5(t)0.6(e)-5.5(d)-321.1(a)-5.5(s)-322(a)-5.5(n)-321.1(imp)-4.5(o)-4.5(r)0.5(ta)-5.5(n)-4.5(t)-322.9(s)-5.4(o)-4.5(u)-4.5(r)0.5(c)-5.5(e)-315.2(o)-4.5(f)-323(v)-4.5(i)0.6(s)-5.4(i)0.6(b)-4.5(ility)-334.9(imp)-4.5(a)-5.5(irme)-5.5(n)-4.5(t)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(i)5(n)-289.2(many)-289.2(of)-284.1(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-290.2(C)1.7(ol)5(orado)-282.3(R)1.7(i)5(v)-0.1(er)-284.1(Pl)5(at)5(eau)-282.3(nat)5(i)5(onal)-284.1(p)-0.1(arks,)-277.7(i)5(ncl)5(udi)5(ng)-282.3(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-290.2(G)1.6(rand)]TJ T* [(Canyon,)-319(Canyonl)5(ands,)-305.2(a)-1.1(nd)-323.6(Bryce)-331.5(C)1.7(anyon.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.8997 TD [(Mat)4.9(eri)5(al)5(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3697 TD 0.0008 Tc [(Acid)-270.1(rain)-270.1(and)-263.2(t)3.5(he)-264.1(dry)-270.1(d)-1.6(eposition)-263.2(o)-1.6(f)-265(aci)]TJ 15.555 0 TD 0 Tc [(dic)-264.9(p)-2.4(articles)-271.7(a)-3.4(re)-264.9(known)-264(t)2.7(o)-270.9(c)-3.4(ontribute)]TJ -15.555 -1.1425 TD -0.0025 Tc [(to)-266.5(th)-4.9(e)-267.4(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(rro)-4.9(s)-5.8(i)0.2(o)-4.9(n)-259.6(o)-4.9(f)-261.4(me)-5.9(ta)-5.9(ls)-260.5(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-259.6(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(t)0.2(e)-5.9(r)0.1(io)-4.9(ra)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-266.5(o)-4.9(f)-261.4(s)-5.8(to)-4.9(n)-4.9(e)-260.5(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-259.6(p)-4.9(a)-5.9(i)0.2(n)-4.9(t)-261.4(o)-4.9(n)-259.6(b)-4.9(u)-4.9(ild)-4.9(in)-4.9(g)-4.9(s)-5.8(,)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(cul)5.7(t)5.7(u)0.6(r)5.6(a)-0.4(l)-331.6(obj)5.7(ect)5.7(s,)-318.3(and)-329.8(car)5.6(s.)-318.3(The)-330.8(c)-0.4(or)5.6(r)5.6(o)0.6(si)5.7(on)-322.9(ser)5.6(i)5.7(ousl)5.7(y)-329.8(depr)5.6(eci)5.7(at)5.7(es)-316.9(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-330.8(obj)5.7(ect)5.7(s)]TJ T* 0.001 Tc [(value)-573.7(t)3.7(o)-586.5(s)-2.3(ociety.)-568.1(D)0.3(ry)-586.5(deposition)-572.7(o)-1.4(f)-574.5(acidic)-580.5(c)-2.4(ompounds)-559.8(can)-572.7(also)-579.6(dirty)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(bui)5.6(l)5.6(d)0.5(i)5.6(ngs)-337.7(and)-329.9(o)0.5(t)5.6(h)0.5(er)-338.6(st)5.6(r)5.5(u)0.5(ct)5.6(ur)5.5(es,)-332.1(l)5.6(eadi)5.6(n)0.5(g)-329.9(t)5.6(o)-343.7(i)5.6(ncr)5.5(eased)-323(mai)5.6(n)0.5(t)5.6(e)-0.5(nance)-324(c)-0.5(ost)5.6(s)-0.4(.)-332.1(T)70.2(o)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(r)5.3(e)-0.7(duce)-454.9(d)0.3(amage)-448.1(t)5.4(o)-467.8(a)-0.7(ut)5.4(omot)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(e)-461.8(p)0.3(ai)5.4(nt)-455.8(caused)-447.1(b)0.3(y)-460.9(aci)5.4(d)-460.9(r)5.3(ai)5.4(n)-460.9(a)-0.7(nd)-460.9(aci)5.4(di)5.4(c)-454.9(d)0.3(r)5.3(y)]TJ T* [(deposi)5.5(t)5.5(i)5.5(on,)-483.7(some)-482.4(manuf)5.4(act)5.5(ur)5.4(er)5.4(s)-482.3(u)0.4(se)-489.3(aci)5.5(d-)5.4(r)5.4(e)-0.6(si)5.5(st)5.5(ant)-476.3(p)0.4(ai)5.5(nt)5.5(s,)-490.5(at)-483.2(an)-488.3(aver)5.4(age)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(cost)-429.6(of)-436.6($5)-441.6(for)-436.6(each)-434.8(new)-433(v)-1.1(ehicle)-435.7(\(or)-436.6(a)-442.6(total)-436.5(o)-1.1(f)-436.6($61)-331.5(million)-448.5(p)-1.1(er)-436.6(year)-429.7(for)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(al)5.6(l)-455.6(n)0.5(ew)-445.2(car)5.5(s)-454.7(a)-0.5(nd)-446.9(t)5.6(r)5.5(ucks)-454.7(sol)5.6(d)-453.8(i)5.6(n)-453.8(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-454.7(U)2.2(.)5.1(S)1.4(.)5.1(\))-462.5(The)-447.9(A)2.2(ci)5.6(d)-453.8(R)2.3(ai)5.6(n)-453.8(P)1.4(r)5.5(ogr)5.5(am)-451.1(wi)5.6(l)5.6(l)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(re)-5.9(d)-4.9(u)-4.9(c)-5.9(e)-295(d)-4.9(a)-5.9(m)-2.2(a)-5.9(g)-4.9(e)-288.1(t)0.2(o)-307.8(m)-2.2(a)-5.9(t)0.2(e)-5.9(r)0.1(ia)-5.9(ls)-301.8(b)-4.9(y)-300.9(limitin)-4.9(g)-314.7(S)-4(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 181.08 305.955 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 187.2 307.275 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(emi)5.2(ssi)5.2(ons.)-284.4(T)0.9(he)-290(benet)5.2(s)-289.9(o)0.1(f)-297.7(t)5.2(he)]TJ -18.1707 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Aci)5.3(d)-330.2(Rai)5.3(n)-330.2(Pr)5.2(ogr)5.2(am)-327.5(ar)5.2(e)-331.2(m)2.9(easur)5.2(ed,)-318.7(i)5.3(n)-330.2(p)]TJ 15.8647 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(t,)-337.7(b)-5.1(y)-335.5(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(s)-6(ts)-329.5(n)-5.1(o)-5.1(w)-333.8(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(id)-335.5(to)-335.5(re)-6.1(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(ir)]TJ -15.8647 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(or)-373.6(prevent)-366.7(d)-0.1(amage)-90.6()-85.2(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-359(c)-1.1(ost)5(s)-372.7(of)-373.6(repai)5(r)4.9(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-371.8(bui)5(l)5(d)-0.1(i)5(ngs,)-374(u)-0.1(si)5(ng)-364.9(aci)5(d-resi)5(st)5(ant)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(pai)5.7(n)0.6(t)5.7(s)-310(on)-316(new)-314.3(v)0.6(ehi)5.7(c)-0.4(l)5.7(e)-0.4(s,)-297.6(pl)5.7(us)-316.9(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-317(v)0.6(al)5.7(ue)-310.1(t)5.7(h)0.6(at)-310.9(soci)5.7(et)5.7(y)-309.2(p)0.6(l)5.7(aces)-310(on)-309.2(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-317(d)0.6(et)5.7(ai)5.7(l)5.7(s)-316.9(of)]TJ T* [(a)-330.8(s)-0.3(t)5.7(a)-0.4(t)5.7(u)0.6(e)-323.9(l)5.7(ost)-331.6(f)5.6(or)5.6(ever)-324.7(t)5.7(o)-329.8(aci)5.7(d)-322.9(r)5.6(ai)5.7(n.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.9065 TD -0.0004 Tc (Health)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.003 Tc [(Based)-384.9(o)0.6(n)-391.8(h)0.6(eal)5.7(t)5.7(h)-384.9(concer)5.6(ns,)-380.2(S)1.5(O)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 138.3 237.6751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 145.26 238.9951 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(has)-393.3(h)-0.1(i)5(s)-1(t)5(o)-0.1(ri)5(cal)5(l)5(y)-392.5(been)-385.6(regul)5(at)5(ed)-385.6(under)-387.4(t)5(he)]TJ -13.3596 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Cl)4.4(ean)-358.6(Ai)4.4(r)-367.3(A)1(ct)4.4(.)-367.8(S)0.2(ul)4.4(fur)-360.5(d)-0.7(i)4.4(oxi)4.4(de)-366.5(i)4.4(n)-0.7(t)4.4(e)-1.7(ract)4.4(s)-359.5(i)4.4(n)-372.4(t)4.4(he)-366.5(at)4.4(mosphere)-352.7(t)4.4(o)-365.5(form)-369.7(sul)4.4(f)4.3(at)4.4(e)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(aerosol)5.1(s,)-387.7(whi)5.1(c)-1(h)-392.4(m)2.7(ay)-399.2(be)-393.3(t)5.1(r)5(ansport)5.1(e)-1(d)-392.4(l)5.1(ong)-399.2(di)5.1(st)5.1(ances)-379.5(t)5.1(h)0(rough)-399.2(t)5.1(h)0(e)-400.2(a)-1(i)5.1(r)5(.)-394.6(M)3.5(ost)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(lfa)-5.8(t)0.3(e)-466.9(a)-5.8(e)-5.8(r)0.2(o)-4.8(s)-5.7(o)-4.8(l)0.3(s)-453.1(a)-5.8(re)-466.9(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(rtic)-5.8(le)-5.8(s)-460(t)0.3(h)-4.8(a)-5.8(t)-467.7(c)-5.8(a)-5.8(n)-459.1(b)-4.8(e)-460(in)-4.8(h)-4.8(a)-5.8(le)-5.8(d)-4.8(.)-461.3(In)-466(th)-4.8(e)-466.9(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(te)-5.8(rn)-459.1(Un)-4.8(ite)-5.8(d)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(St)5(at)5(es,)-257(s)-1(ul)5(fat)5(e)-269.5(aerosol)5(s)-255.7(m)2.6(ake)-255.7(u)-0.1(p)-268.6(a)-1.1(bout)-249.7(25)-330.5(percent)-256.6(o)-0.1(f)-263.5(t)5(he)-262.6(i)5(nhal)5(a)-1.1(bl)5(e)-262.6(p)-0.1(art)5(i)5(c)-1.1(l)5(e)-1.1(s.)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(According)-620.2(t)4.4(o)-634(r)4.3(ecent)-621.9(s)-1.6(tudies)-628(at)-628.8(Ha)]TJ 15.2797 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(rvard)-628(a)-2.6(nd)-621.1(New)-633.1(Y)103.4(ork)-634.9(U)0.1(niversities,)]TJ -15.2797 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(hi)5.6(gher)-407.4(l)5.6(evel)5.6(s)-420.3(o)0.5(f)-414.3(s)-0.4(ul)5.6(f)5.5(a)-0.5(t)5.6(e)-413.4(aer)5.5(osol)5.6(s)-413.4(a)-0.5(r)5.5(e)-413.4(associ)5.6(at)5.6(ed)-405.6(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-419.4(i)5.6(n)0.5(cr)5.5(eased)-405.6(mor)5.5(b)0.5(i)5.6(d)0.5(i)5.6(t)5.6(y)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(\(s)-5.8(ic)-5.9(k)-4.9(n)-4.9(e)-5.9(s)-5.8(s)-5.8(\))-220.1(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-232.1(m)-2.2(o)-4.9(r)0.1(ta)-5.9(lity)-245.8(fro)-4.9(m)-236.3(l)0.2(u)-4.9(n)-4.9(g)-239(d)-4.9(i)0.2(s)-5.8(o)-4.9(rd)-4.9(e)-5.9(r)0.1(s)-5.8(,)-227.4(s)-5.8(u)-4.9(c)-5.9(h)-225.2(a)-5.9(s)-232.9(a)-5.9(s)-5.8(th)-4.9(ma)-233(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-232.1(b)-4.9(ro)-4.9(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(h)-4.9(itis)-5.8(.)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(By)-468.8(l)4.4(o)-0.7(weri)4.4(ng)-468.8(sul)4.4(f)4.3(at)4.4(e)-469.7(aerosol)-456.8(l)4.4(e)-1.7(vel)4.4(s)-1.6(,)-457.2(t)4.4(he)-469.7(Aci)4.4(d)-468.8(Rai)4.4(n)-468.8(Program)-466.1(wi)4.4(l)4.4(l)-470.5(reduce)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(th)-4.9(e)-577.2(i)0.2(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(id)-4.9(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(e)-570.3(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-569.3(t)0.2(h)-4.9(e)-584(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(v)-4.9(e)-5.9(rity)-569.3(o)-4.9(f)-578(a)-5.9(s)-5.8(th)-4.9(ma)-570.3(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-576.2(b)-4.9(ro)-4.9(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(h)-4.9(itis)-5.8(.)-571.6(W)-1.4(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(n)-576.2(f)0.1(u)-4.9(lly)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(i)5.2(m)2.8(pl)5.2(ement)5.2(e)-0.9(d)-502.4(b)0.1(y)-502.4(t)5.2(he)-503.3(year)-497.3(2010,)-497.7(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-503.3(publ)5.2(i)5.2(c)-503.3(heal)5.2(t)5.2(h)-502.4(benet)5.2(s)-496.4(o)0.1(f)-504.2(t)5.2(he)-510.2(Aci)5.2(d)]TJ T* -0.0018 Tc [(Ra)-5.2(in)-534.2(Pro)-4.2(g)-4.2(r)0.8(a)-5.2(m)-524.6(will)-542.9(b)-4.2(e)-528.3(s)-5.1(i)0.9(g)-4.2(n)-4.2(i)0.9(c)-5.2(a)-5.2(n)-4.2(t,)-522.7(d)-4.2(u)-4.2(e)-528.3(to)-541.1(d)-4.2(e)-5.2(c)-5.2(r)0.8(e)-5.2(a)-5.2(s)-5.1(e)-5.2(d)-513.6(mo)-4.2(rta)-5.2(lity)-4.2(,)-536.4(h)-4.2(o)-4.2(s)-5.1(p)-4.2(ita)-5.2(l)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(admi)4.8(ssi)4.8(ons,)-319.2(a)-1.3(nd)-323.8(emer)25.4(gency-room)-314.3(vi)4.8(si)4.8(t)4.8(s)-1.2(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Decreases)-620.3(i)5.2(n)-640(ni)5.2(t)5.2(r)5.1(ogen)-633.2(oxi)5.2(de)-634.1(emi)5.2(ssi)5.2(ons)-627.2(are)-634.1(a)-0.9(l)5.2(s)-0.8(o)-640(e)-0.9(xpect)5.2(ed)-619.4(t)5.2(o)-640(have)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0009 Tc [(positive)-532.5(h)-1.5(ealth)-524.6(ef)24.2(fects)-539.3(b)-1.5(y)-531.5(r)3.5(educing)-524.6(t)]TJ 15.7064 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(he)-532.3(nitrate)-539.1(c)-2.3(omponent)-512.4(of)-533.1(inhalable)]TJ -15.7064 -1.1425 TD [(particulates)-236.2(and)-242.2(r)3.7(educing)-235.4(t)3.8(he)-243.2(nitroge)]TJ 14.5914 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [(n)-242.9(oxides)-236.9(a)-3(vailable)-243.9(t)3.1(o)-242.9(r)3(eact)-237.8(with)-249.8(volatile)]TJ -14.5914 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(or)25.5(gani)4.9(c)-448.6(c)-1.2(ompounds)-427.8(\(VOCs\))-449.4(and)-440.7(f)4.8(orm)-451.8(o)-0.2(zone.)-436.1(O)1.5(zone)-434.8(i)4.9(m)2.5(pact)4.9(s)-448.5(o)-0.2(n)-447.6(human)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(a)-5.9(lth)-369.7(in)-4.9(c)-5.9(l)0.2(u)-4.9(d)-4.9(e)-370.7(a)-377.6(n)-4.9(u)-4.9(m)-2.2(b)-4.9(e)-5.9(r)-364.7(o)-4.9(f)-371.5(m)-2.2(o)-4.9(r)0.1(b)-4.9(i)0.2(d)-4.9(ity)-383.5(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-369.7(m)-2.2(o)-4.9(r)0.1(ta)-5.9(lity)-383.5(ris)-5.8(k)-4.9(s)-370.6(a)-5.9(s)-5.8(s)-5.8(o)-4.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(a)-5.9(t)0.2(e)-5.9(d)-362.8(with)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(l)4.6(ung)-330.9(di)4.6(sorders.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 32.1153 81.6029 TD 0.0007 Tc [(Automoti)3.4(ve)-333.1(Coati)3.4(n)-0.8(gs)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.411 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Si)4.9(nce)-228.3(a)-1.2(bout)-222.2(1990,)-222.7(report)4.9(s)-228.2(of)-229.2(damage)-221.4(t)4.9(o)-234.3(aut)4.9(o)-0.2(mot)4.9(i)4.9(v)-0.2(e)-228.3(c)-1.2(oat)4.9(i)4.9(ngs)-228.2(have)-221.4(i)4.9(n)-0.2(creased.)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(The)-365.5(r)5.3(epor)5.3(t)5.4(e)-0.7(d)-364.5(d)0.3(amage)-358.6(t)5.4(ypi)5.4(cal)5.4(l)5.4(y)-371.4(occur)5.3(s)-358.5(on)-364.5(hor)5.3(i)5.4(z)-0.7(ont)5.4(al)-359.4(sur)5.3(f)5.3(aces)-358.5(and)-364.5(a)-0.7(ppear)5.3(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(as)-358.3(i)5.6(r)5.5(r)5.5(e)-0.5(gul)5.6(ar)5.5(l)5.6(y)-371.2(shaped,)-345.9(p)0.5(er)5.5(manent)5.6(l)5.6(y)-357.4(et)5.6(ched)-357.4(ar)5.5(eas.)-352.8(T)1.3(he)-365.3(damage)-351.5(can)-357.4(best)-359.2(be)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0025 Tc [(det)5.2(ect)5.2(ed)-454.2(under)-449.1()1(uorescent)-442.2(l)5.2(amps,)-456.4(can)-454.2(be)-462(most)-456(easi)5.2(l)5.2(y)-461.1(observed)-447.3(o)0.1(n)-461.1(d)0.1(ark)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(col)5.6(o)0.5(r)5.5(e)-0.5(d)-481.3(v)0.5(ehi)5.6(c)-0.5(l)5.6(e)-0.5(s,)-476.7(and)-488.2(a)-0.5(ppear)5.5(s)-475.3(t)5.6(o)-495.1(o)0.5(ccur)-476.3(a)-0.5(f)5.5(t)5.6(er)-490(evapor)5.5(at)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-481.3(o)0.5(f)-483.2(a)-489.2(moi)5.6(s)-0.4(t)5.6(u)0.5(r)5.5(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(dropl)4.7(et)4.7(.)-216(I)4.6(n)-227.6(a)-1.4(ddi)4.7(t)4.7(i)4.7(on,)-216(some)-214.7(evi)4.7(d)-0.4(ence)-207.9(suggest)4.7(s)-207.8(d)-0.4(amage)-207.9(o)-0.4(ccurs)-214.7(most)-215.6(frequent)4.7(l)4.7(y)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0022 Tc [(o)-4.6(n)-328.1(fre)-5.6(s)-5.5(h)-4.6(ly)-335(p)-4.6(a)-5.6(in)-4.6(te)-5.6(d)-328.1(v)-4.6(e)-5.6(h)-4.6(ic)-5.6(le)-5.6(s)-5.5(.)-323.5(Us)-5.5(u)-4.6(a)-5.6(lly)-328.1(th)-4.6(e)-335.9(d)-4.6(a)-5.6(m)-1.9(a)-5.6(g)-4.6(e)-322.2(i)0.5(s)-335.9(p)-4.6(e)-5.6(r)0.4(ma)-5.6(n)-4.6(e)-5.6(n)-4.6(t)0.5(;)-323(o)-4.6(n)-4.6(c)-5.6(e)-322.2(i)0.5(t)-336.8(h)-4.6(a)-5.6(s)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(occurred,)-319.1(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-331.6(onl)4.9(y)-330.6(s)-1.1(ol)4.9(ut)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-323.7(i)4.9(s)-338.4(t)4.9(o)-330.6(r)4.8(epai)4.9(nt)4.9(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(The)-413.8(g)0.1(eneral)-407.8(consensus)-400(w)1.8(i)5.2(t)5.2(h)0.1(i)5.2(n)-419.8(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-420.7(a)-0.9(ut)5.2(o)-419.8(i)5.2(ndust)5.2(r)5.1(y)-412.9(i)5.2(s)-427.5(t)5.2(hat)-414.7(t)5.2(he)-420.7(damage)-407(i)5.2(s)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0017 Tc [(caused)-399.9(b)-0.7(y)-413.7(s)-1.6(ome)-407.8(f)4.3(orm)-424.8(o)-0.7(f)-408.6(e)-1.7(nvi)4.4(ronment)4.4(a)-1.7(l)-408.6(f)4.3(al)4.4(l)4.4(out)4.4(.)-415.9()-1.7(Envi)4.4(ronment)4.4(a)-1.7(l)-401.7(f)4.3(al)4.4(l)4.4(out)4.4(,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(a)-386.8(t)4.7(erm)-383.2(w)1.3(i)4.7(d)-0.4(el)4.7(y)-385.9(u)-0.4(sed)-379(i)4.7(n)-385.9(t)4.7(he)-386.8(aut)4.7(o)-379(and)-385.9(c)-1.4(oat)4.7(i)4.7(ngs)-373(i)4.7(ndust)4.7(r)4.6(i)4.7(e)-1.4(s,)-381.2(refers)-386.8(t)4.7(o)-385.9(damage)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(caused)-343.7(b)0.5(y)-357.4(a)-0.5(i)5.6(r)-359.3(pol)5.6(l)5.6(u)0.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-357.4(\()5.5(e.)5.1(g.)5.1(,)-359.7(aci)5.6(d)-357.4(r)5.5(ai)5.6(n\))5.5(,)-359.7(d)0.5(ecayi)5.6(n)0.5(g)-343.7(i)5.6(nsect)5.6(s,)-352.8(bi)5.6(r)5.5(d)-364.3(dr)5.5(oppi)5.6(ngs,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(pol)4.7(l)4.7(e)-1.4(n,)-291.7(and)-289.5(t)4.7(ree)-297.3(s)-1.3(ap.)-284.9(T)0.4(he)-290.5(resul)4.7(t)4.7(s)-297.3(of)-291.3(l)4.7(a)-1.4(borat)4.7(ory)-289.5(e)-1.4(xperi)4.7(ment)4.7(s)-290.4(a)-1.4(nd)-289.5(at)-291.3(l)4.7(east)-284.4(one)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(el)5.6(d)-323(st)5.6(udy)-316.1(have)-317.1(demonst)5.6(r)5.5(at)5.6(ed)-309.3(t)5.6(h)0.5(at)-317.9(aci)5.6(d)-323(r)5.5(ai)5.6(n)-323(can)-316.2(scar)-311.1(aut)5.6(o)0.5(mot)5.6(i)5.6(v)0.5(e)-317.1(c)-0.5(oat)5.6(i)5.6(ngs.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Furt)4.9(hermore,)-264(chemi)4.9(cal)-256.7(anal)4.9(yses)-248.9(of)-270.5(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-269.6(d)-0.2(amaged)-248(areas)-262.7(of)-270.5(some)-262.7(exposed)-248(t)4.9(e)-1.2(st)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.003 Tc [(panel)5.7(s)-316.9(showed)-322.9(el)5.7(evat)5.7(ed)-316(l)5.7(e)-0.4(vel)5.7(s)-330.7(of)-324.7(sul)5.7(f)5.6(at)5.7(e,)-325.2(i)5.7(m)3.3(pl)5.7(i)5.7(cat)5.7(i)5.7(n)0.6(g)-336.7(aci)5.7(d)-322.9(r)5.6(ai)5.7(n.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0007 Tc [(The)-484.5(popular)-478.5(term)-487.7(acid)-476.7(r)3.3(ain)-491.4(refers)-484.4(to)-490.4(both)-490.4(w)0(et)-478.4(and)-483.5(d)-1.7(ry)-490.4(deposition)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(of)-490.2(aci)5.4(di)5.4(c)-496.2(pol)5.4(l)5.4(u)0.3(t)5.4(a)-0.7(nt)5.4(s)-489.3(t)5.4(hat)-490.2(m)3(ay)-495.3(damage)-482.5(mat)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(i)5.4(al)-497.1(sur)5.3(f)5.3(aces,)-483.8(i)5.4(ncl)5.4(udi)5.4(ng)-488.4(aut)5.4(o)]TJ T* [(ni)5.5(s)-0.5(hes.)-380.4(These)-379.1(pol)5.5(l)5.5(u)0.4(t)5.5(a)-0.6(nt)5.5(s,)-387.3(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-392(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-392.9(r)5.4(e)-0.6(l)5.5(eased)-378.2(when)-385.1(coal)-386.8(and)-385.1(o)0.4(t)5.5(h)0.4(er)-386.9(f)5.4(o)0.4(ssi)5.5(l)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(f)5.2(u)0.2(el)5.3(s)-420.6(a)-0.8(r)5.2(e)-420.6(bur)5.2(ned)-419.7(r)5.2(eact)-414.6(wi)5.3(t)5.3(h)-426.6(wat)5.3(e)-0.8(r)-414.6(v)0.2(apor)-414.6(and)-419.7(oxi)5.3(dant)5.3(s)-413.7(i)5.3(n)-426.6(t)5.3(he)-420.6(at)5.3(mospher)5.2(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(and)-392.1(a)-0.7(r)5.3(e)-393(chemi)5.4(cal)5.4(l)5.4(y)-385.2(t)5.4(r)5.3(ansf)5.3(or)5.3(med)-392.1(i)5.4(nt)5.4(o)-398.9(s)-0.6(ul)5.4(f)5.3(u)0.3(r)5.3(i)5.4(c)-399.9(a)-0.7(nd)-392.1(ni)5.4(t)5.4(r)5.3(i)5.4(c)-399.9(aci)5.4(ds.)-387.4(T)1.1(he)-393(aci)5.4(di)5.4(c)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(compounds)-448.8(t)4.6(h)-0.5(en)-461.7(may)-461.7(f)4.5(al)4.6(l)-470.3(t)4.6(o)-468.6(eart)4.6(h)-468.6(as)-462.6(rai)4.6(n)-0.5(,)-463.9(s)-1.4(now,)-463.9(f)4.5(og,)-463.9(or)-463.5(may)-461.7(j)4.6(oi)4.6(n)-468.6(d)-0.5(ry)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0021 Tc [(p)-4.5(a)-5.5(rtic)-5.5(le)-5.5(s)-315.1(a)-5.5(n)-4.5(d)-307.4(fa)-5.5(ll)-322.9(a)-5.5(s)-315.1(d)-4.5(r)0.5(y)-314.3(d)-4.5(e)-5.5(p)-4.5(o)-4.5(s)-5.4(itio)-4.5(n)-4.5(.)-309.6(Au)-4.5(to)-4.5(mo)-4.5(tiv)-4.5(e)-315.2(c)-5.5(o)-4.5(a)-5.5(tin)-4.5(g)-4.5(s)-308.3(ma)-5.5(y)-314.3(b)-4.5(e)-315.2(d)-4.5(a)-5.5(m)-1.8(a)-5.5(g)-4.5(e)-5.5(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(by)-592(al)5.1(l)-586.8(f)5(orms)-599.7(of)-593.8(aci)5.1(d)-585.1(r)5(ai)5.1(n,)-594.2(i)5.1(n)0(cl)5.1(udi)5.1(ng)-585.1(dry)-598.8(d)0(eposi)5.1(t)5.1(i)5.1(on,)-580.4(especi)5.1(al)5.1(l)5.1(y)-578.2(when)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0017 Tc [(d)-4.1(r)0.9(y)-458.4(a)-5.1(c)-5.1(i)1(d)-4.1(i)1(c)-452.5(d)-4.1(e)-5.1(p)-4.1(o)-4.1(s)-5(itio)-4.1(n)-444.6(i)1(s)-459.3(m)-1.4(ix)-4.1(e)-5.1(d)-451.5(with)-465.3(d)-4.1(e)-5.1(w)-449.8(o)-4.1(r)-453.3(r)0.9(a)-5.1(i)1(n)-4.1(.)-453.7(Ho)-4.1(we)-5.1(v)-4.1(e)-5.1(r,)-446.9(it)-460.2(h)-4.1(a)-5.1(s)-452.4(b)-4.1(e)-5.1(e)-5.1(n)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(di)5.1(f)25.7()0.9(cul)5.1(t)-435.4(t)5.1(o)-433.7(quant)5.1(i)5.1(f)5(y)-433.7(t)5.1(he)-434.6(speci)5.1(c)-420.8(cont)5.1(ri)5.1(but)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-433.7(o)0(f)-435.5(aci)5.1(d)-426.8(r)5(ai)5.1(n)-433.7(t)5.1(o)-440.5(p)0(ai)5.1(nt)-428.5(ni)5.1(s)-0.9(h)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(damage)-256.1(rel)4.6(a)-1.5(t)4.6(i)4.6(v)-0.5(e)-269.9(t)4.6(o)-275.9(d)-0.5(amage)-256.1(caused)-248.3(b)-0.5(y)-269(o)-0.5(t)4.6(h)-0.5(er)-263.9(forms)-269.8(o)-0.5(f)-270.8(e)-1.5(nvi)4.6(ronment)4.6(a)-1.5(l)-250.1(f)4.5(al)4.6(l)4.6(out)4.6(,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(by)-440.7(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-448.6(i)4.9(mproper)-442.6(a)-1.2(ppl)4.9(i)4.9(cat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-433.9(o)-0.2(f)-449.4(p)-0.2(ai)4.9(nt)-435.6(or)-442.6(by)-447.6(deci)4.9(e)-1.2(nt)-428.7(pai)4.9(n)-0.2(t)-442.5(f)4.8(ormul)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(ons.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0024 Tc [(Ac)-5.8(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(rd)-4.8(in)-4.8(g)-335.2(t)0.3(o)-342.1(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(a)-5.8(tin)-4.8(g)-335.2(e)-5.8(x)-4.8(p)-4.8(e)-5.8(rts)-5.7(,)-337.4(tra)-5.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(d)-342.1(s)-5.7(p)-4.8(e)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(a)-5.8(lis)-5.7(ts)-336.1(c)-5.8(a)-5.8(n)-335.2(d)-4.8(i)0.3(f)20.9(f)0.2(e)-5.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(tia)-5.8(te)-349.9(b)-4.8(e)-5.8(twe)-5.8(e)-5.8(n)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-296.5(v)0.4(ar)5.4(i)5.5(ous)-289.6(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(s)-296.5(o)0.4(f)-290.5(d)0.4(amage,)-284.1(but)-290.5(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-296.5(b)0.4(est)-283.6(w)2.1(ay)-288.7(of)-297.4(det)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(m)3.1(i)5.5(n)0.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-288.7(t)5.5(he)-296.5(cause)-282.8(of)]TJ T* [(chemi)5.4(cal)5.4(l)5.4(y)-337(i)5.4(nduced)-337(damage)-331.1(i)5.4(s)-351.6(t)5.4(o)-343.9(conduct)-331.9(a)-344.8(det)5.4(a)-0.7(i)5.4(l)5.4(e)-0.7(d,)-339.2(chemi)5.4(cal)-331.9(anal)5.4(ysi)5.4(s)-337.9(of)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)-330.8(d)0.6(amaged)-316(ar)5.6(ea.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(Because)-324(evapor)5.5(at)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-323(o)0.5(f)-338.6(aci)5.6(di)5.6(c)-337.7(m)3.2(oi)5.6(st)5.6(ur)5.5(e)-337.7(a)-0.5(ppear)5.5(s)-323.9(t)5.6(o)-343.7(b)0.5(e)-337.7(a)-337.7(k)0.5(ey)-329.9(el)5.6(ement)-331.7(i)5.6(n)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD -0.0026 Tc [(th)-5(e)-322.6(d)-5(a)-6(m)-2.3(a)-6(g)-5(e)-6(,)-310.1(a)-6(n)-5(y)-321.6(s)-5.9(te)-6(p)-5(s)-315.6(ta)-6(k)-5(e)-6(n)-321.6(t)0.1(o)-321.6(e)-6(limin)-5(a)-6(t)0.1(e)-329.5(its)-329.4(o)-5(c)-6(c)-6(u)-5(rre)-6(n)-5(c)-6(e)-308.8(o)-5(n)-321.6(fre)-6(s)-5.9(h)-5(ly)-321.6(p)-5(a)-6(in)-5(te)-6(d)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(vehi)5(cl)5(es)-420.9(may)-433.8(a)-1.1(l)5(l)5(e)-1.1(vi)5(at)5(e)-434.7(t)5(he)-434.7(probl)5(em.)-429.1(T)0.7(he)-427.8(st)5(eps)-427.7(i)5(ncl)5(ude)-427.8(frequent)-428.6(washi)5(n)-0.1(g)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0024 Tc [(fo)-4.8(llo)-4.8(we)-5.8(d)-314.6(b)-4.8(y)-321.4(h)-4.8(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-307.7(d)-4.8(ry)-4.8(in)-4.8(g)-4.8(,)-309.9(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(rin)-4.8(g)-314.6(th)-4.8(e)-315.5(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(h)-4.8(ic)-5.8(le)-315.5(d)-4.8(u)-4.8(r)0.2(in)-4.8(g)-314.6(p)-4.8(re)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(p)-4.8(ita)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-314.6(e)-5.8(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(t)0.3(s)-5.7(,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(and)-261.9(u)-0.3(se)-262.8(of)-263.7(one)-262.8(of)-263.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-269.7(p)-0.3(rot)4.8(ect)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-269.7(c)-1.3(oat)4.8(i)4.8(ngs)-255.9(current)4.8(l)4.8(y)-268.8(on)-261.9(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-269.7(m)2.4(arket)-263.6(t)4.8(hat)-263.6(c)-1.3(l)4.8(a)-1.3(i)4.8(m)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc 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0.0024 Tc [(rel)5.1(a)-1(t)5.1(i)5.1(onshi)5.1(p)-426.8(b)0(et)5.1(ween)-419.9(regi)5.1(onal)-421.6(pol)5.1(l)5.1(u)0(t)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-426.8(a)-1(nd)-426.8(changes)-407(i)5.1(n)-433.7(r)5(egi)5.1(onal)-421.6(p)0(at)5.1(t)5.1(e)-1(rns)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(n)-372(deposi)4.8(t)4.8(i)4.8(on.)-367.4(CASTNET)-364.3(a)-1.3(l)4.8(s)-1.2(o)-365.1(i)4.8(ncl)4.8(udes)-366(m)2.4(easurement)4.8(s)-359.1(of)-366.9(rural)-373.8(o)-0.3(zone)-359.2(and)]TJ T* -0.0018 Tc [(th)-4.2(e)-576.5(c)-5.2(h)-4.2(e)-5.2(mic)-5.2(a)-5.2(l)-570.4(c)-5.2(o)-4.2(n)-4.2(s)-5.1(titu)-4.2(e)-5.2(n)-4.2(ts)-569.5(o)-4.2(f)-577.3(PM)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 152.58 522.6151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 160.86 523.9351 Tm 0.0005 Tc [(.)-575.4(R)-0.1(ural)-575(monitoring)-580.1(sites)-574.1(o)-1.9(f)-575(NADP)]TJ -15.1491 -1.1426 TD -0.001 Tc 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[(and)-302.9(pol)5.1(i)5.1(c)-1(y)-302.9(a)-1(nal)5.1(y)0(st)5.1(s)-296.9(t)5.1(o)-309.8(s)-0.9(t)5.1(udy)-296(and)-302.9(e)-1(val)5.1(u)0(at)5.1(e)-296.9(numerous)-296.9(envi)5.1(ronment)5.1(a)-1(l)-290.9(e)-1(f)25.7(f)5(ect)5.1(s,)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(part)5(i)5(c)-1.1(ul)5(arl)5(y)-303(t)5(hose)-303.9(caused)-289.2(b)-0.1(y)-296.1(r)4.9(egi)5(onal)-297.9(s)-1(ources)-290.1(of)-304.8(emi)5(ssi)5(ons)-297(for)-304.8(w)1.6(hi)5(ch)-296.1(l)5(ong-)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(range)-242.6(t)4.4(r)4.3(ansport)-243.4(p)-0.7(l)4.4(a)-1.7(ys)-249.4(an)-241.6(i)4.4(m)2(port)4.4(a)-1.7(nt)-250.3(rol)4.4(e)-1.7(.)-250.7(M)2.8(easurement)4.4(s)-228.7(from)-252.7(t)4.4(hese)-249.5(net)4.4(w)1(orks)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(are)-242.3(a)-1.4(l)4.7(s)-1.3(o)-234.5(i)4.7(mport)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)-236.2(for)-243.2(underst)4.7(a)-1.4(ndi)4.7(ng)-220.7(non-ecol)4.7(ogi)4.7(cal)-222.4(i)4.7(m)2.3(pact)4.7(s)-235.3(o)-0.4(f)-236.3(a)-1.4(i)4.7(r)-236.3(pol)4.7(l)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(c)-5.8(h)-383.4(a)-5.8(s)-384.3(v)-4.8(i)0.3(s)-5.7(i)0.3(b)-4.8(ility)-397.2(imp)-4.8(a)-5.8(irme)-5.8(n)-4.8(t)-385.2(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-383.4(d)-4.8(a)-5.8(m)-2.1(a)-5.8(g)-4.8(e)-377.4(t)0.3(o)-390.3(m)-2.1(a)-5.8(t)0.3(e)-5.8(r)0.2(ia)-5.8(ls)-5.7(,)-385.6(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(r)0.2(tic)-5.8(u)-4.8(l)0.3(a)-5.8(r)0.2(ly)-390.3(th)-4.8(o)-4.8(s)-5.7(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(of)-325.5(cul)4.9(t)4.9(u)-0.2(ral)-332.4(a)-1.2(nd)-323.7(hi)4.9(st)4.9(ori)4.9(cal)-325.5(i)4.9(m)2.5(port)4.9(a)-1.2(nce.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.8859 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Nat)4.9(i)5(onal)-325.4(At)4.9(mospheri)5(c)-324.6(D)1.6(eposi)5(t)4.9(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-322.7(N)1.6(et)4.9(work)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0011 Tc [(The)-215.6(NADP)-220.7(was)-222.5(i)3.8(nitiated)-221.6(i)3.8(n)-228.5(t)3.8(he)-222.5(late)-222.5(1970s)-215.6(as)-215.6(a)-222.5(c)-2.3(ooperative)-208.8(p)-1.3(rogram)-218.9(between)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(federal)-223.4(a)-2.4(nd)-228.6(state)-229.5(a)-2.4(gencies,)-210.1(universitie)]TJ 14.9011 0 TD -0.0008 Tc [(s,)-225.7(electric)-238.2(u)-3.2(tilitie)]TJ 6.6487 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(s,)-237.4(and)-228.3(o)-1.1(ther)-223.2(industries)]TJ -21.5498 -1.1425 TD -0.0025 Tc [(to)-307.8(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(te)-5.9(rmin)-4.9(e)-301.8(g)-4.9(e)-5.9(o)-4.9(g)-4.9(r)0.1(a)-5.9(p)-4.9(h)-4.9(i)0.2(c)-5.9(a)-5.9(l)-288.9(p)-4.9(a)-5.9(tte)-5.9(rn)-4.9(s)-301.8(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-300.9(tre)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-4.9(s)-301.8(in)-307.8(p)-4.9(r)0.1(e)-5.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(p)-4.9(ita)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-307.8(c)-5.9(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(mis)-5.8(t)0.2(ry)-300.9(in)]TJ T* -0.0021 Tc [(th)-4.5(e)-384(U)-2.8(n)-4.5(ite)-5.5(d)-383.1(S)-3.6(ta)-5.5(te)-5.5(s)-5.4(.)-378.4(Co)-4.5(lle)-5.5(c)-5.5(tio)-4.5(n)-383.1(o)-4.5(f)-378(w)-2.8(e)-5.5(e)-5.5(k)-4.5(ly)-376.2(we)-5.5(t)-378(d)-4.5(e)-5.5(p)-4.5(o)-4.5(s)-5.4(itio)-4.5(n)-376.2(s)-5.4(a)-5.5(m)-1.8(p)-4.5(l)0.6(e)-5.5(s)-377.1(b)-4.5(e)-5.5(g)-4.5(a)-5.5(n)-369.3(i)0.6(n)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0007 Tc [(1978.)-444.5(The)-443.2(s)-2.6(ize)-450.1(o)-1.7(f)-450.9(t)3.4(he)-450.1(NADP)-448.2(Network)-449.1(g)-1.7(rew)-447.4(r)3.3(apidly)-456(in)-456(the)-450.1(early)-449.1(1980s)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(when)-357.5(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-365.4(m)3.1(aj)5.5(or)-366.2(r)5.4(e)-0.6(sear)5.4(ch)-350.7(ef)26.1(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(t)-373.1(by)-364.4(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-365.4(NAP)90.8(AP)-356.6(cal)5.5(l)5.5(e)-0.6(d)-357.5(f)5.4(or)-366.2(char)5.4(act)5.5(er)5.4(i)5.5(zat)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)]TJ T* 0.0012 Tc [(of)-347.2(acid)-338.5(d)-1.2(eposition)-338.5(l)3.9(evels.)-340.7(At)-347.1(that)-347.1(time,)-347.6(the)-346.3(n)-1.2(etwork)-345.4(became)-332.6(known)-338.5(a)-2.2(s)-346.3(t)3.9(he)]TJ T* 0.001 Tc [(NADP/NTN)-254.4(\(National)-251(T)33.9(rends)-250.1(Network\).)-258.3(B)0.4(y)-256.1(t)3.7(he)-257(mid-1980s,)-244.6(t)3.7(he)-257(NADP)-255.2(had)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(grown)-406.8(t)4.4(o)-406.8(n)-0.7(earl)4.4(y)-399.9(200)-406.8(si)4.4(t)4.4(e)-1.7(s,)-402.2(where)-400.9(i)4.4(t)-408.6(s)]TJ 15.6101 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(t)5.1(a)-1(nds)-393.2(t)5.1(oday,)-401.5(as)-400.1(t)5.1(h)0(e)-407.1(l)5.1(ongest)-394.1(runni)5.1(ng)]TJ -15.6101 -1.1425 TD -0.0024 Tc [(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(tio)-4.8(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(l)-330.1(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(p)-4.8(o)-4.8(s)-5.7(itio)-4.8(n)-321.4(m)-2.1(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(ito)-4.8(rin)-4.8(g)-342.1(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(two)-4.8(r)0.2(k)-4.8(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0011 Tc [(The)-394.6(NADP)-399.6(analyzes)-380.8(the)-401.5(c)-2.3(onstituents)]TJ 15.7202 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(important)-396.3(in)-408.3(precipitation)-394.6(c)-3.2(hem-)]TJ -16.8627 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(i)5.4(s)-0.6(t)5.4(r)5.3(y,)-456.2(i)5.4(n)0.3(cl)5.4(udi)5.4(ng)-447.1(t)5.4(hose)-448.1(a)-0.7(f)26(f)5.3(ect)5.4(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)-454(r)5.3(ai)5.4(nfal)5.4(l)-455.8(aci)5.4(di)5.4(t)5.4(y)-447.1(and)-447.1(t)5.4(hose)-448.1(t)5.4(hat)-448.9(m)3(ay)-454(have)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(ecol)5.1(ogi)5.1(cal)-449.2(ef)25.7(fect)5.1(s.)-456.5(The)-462.1(N)1.7(et)5.1(work)-461.2(measures)-448.3(sul)5.1(f)5(at)5.1(e,)-463.4(ni)5.1(t)5.1(r)5(at)5.1(e,)-463.4(hydrogen)-447.4(i)5.1(on)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(\()5.3(m)3(easur)5.3(e)-337.9(o)0.3(f)-338.8(aci)5.4(di)5.4(t)5.4(y)0.3(\))5.3(,)-346.1(ammoni)5.4(a,)-339.2(chl)5.4(o)0.3(r)5.3(i)5.4(de,)-332.3(a)-0.7(nd)-343.9(base)-331.1(cat)5.4(i)5.4(ons)-337.9(\()5.3(cal)5.4(ci)5.4(um,)-346.1(m)3(ag-)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-5.7(i)0.3(u)-4.8(m)-2.1(,)-254.8(p)-4.8(o)-4.8(t)0.3(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(s)-5.7(i)0.3(u)-4.8(m)-2.1(\).)-261.7(T)64.9(o)-259.5(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(re)-260.4(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(mp)-4.8(a)-5.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(ility)-259.5(o)-4.8(f)-261.3(re)-5.8(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(lts)-5.7(,)-261.7(l)0.3(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(o)-4.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(t)0.3(o)-4.8(r)0.2(y)-266.4(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(ly)-4.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(s)]TJ T* 0.0009 Tc [(for)-271.8(a)-2.5(ll)-271.7(samples)-264(a)-2.5(re)-277.8(conducted)-256.2(b)-1.5(y)-270(t)3.6(he)]TJ 14.8598 0 TD [(NADPs)-270.8(Central)-271.7(A)0.2(nalytical)-264.8(Lab)-270(a)-2.5(t)-271.7(t)3.6(he)]TJ -14.8598 -1.1357 TD 0.0007 Tc [(Illinois)-305.5(S)-0.8(tate)-291.8(W)84.4(a)-2.7(ter)-299.5(S)-0.8(urvey.)-286.2(A)-295.9(n)-1.7(ew)-289.1(subnetwork)-283.9(o)-1.7(f)-292.6(t)3.4(he)-291.8(NADP,)-293(t)3.4(he)-298.6(Mercury)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0014 Tc [(De)-4.8(p)-3.8(o)-3.8(s)-4.7(itio)-3.8(n)-327.3(N)-2.1(e)-4.8(t)1.3(wo)-3.8(rk)-334.2(\(MDN\))-336(me)-4.8(a)-4.8(s)-4.7(u)-3.8(r)1.2(e)-4.8(s)-321.3(me)-4.8(rc)-4.8(u)-3.8(r)1.2(y)-334.2(i)1.3(n)-334.2(p)-3.8(re)-4.8(c)-4.8(i)1.3(p)-3.8(ita)-4.8(tio)-3.8(n)-3.8(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.8859 TD 0.0007 Tc [(Clean)-331.2(A)0(ir)-333.1(Status)-333(and)-324.3(T)75.8(r)18(e)-2.7(nds)-326.1(Network)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.001 Tc [(The)-222.6(C)0.4(ASTNET)-220.8(provides)-222.6(a)-2.4(tmospheric)-222.6(d)]TJ 15.8096 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(ata)-222.3(o)-1.1(n)-228.3(t)4(he)-229.2(dry)-228.3(d)-1.1(eposition)-221.4(c)-2.1(omponent)]TJ -15.8096 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(of)-222.5(t)4.7(o)-0.4(t)4.7(a)-1.4(l)-229.3(aci)4.7(d)-220.7(d)-0.4(eposi)4.7(t)4.7(i)4.7(on,)-216(ground-l)4.7(e)-1.4(vel)-215.6(o)-0.4(zone,)-216(a)-1.4(nd)-220.7(ot)4.7(her)-215.6(f)4.6(orms)-235.3(of)-222.5(at)4.7(mospheri)4.7(c)]TJ T* 0.0012 Tc [(pol)3.9(l)3.9(u)-1.2(t)3.9(i)3.9(on.)-691.7(CASTNET)-681.8(i)3.9(s)-697.3(c)-2.2(onsi)3.9(d)-1.2(ered)-675.8(t)3.9(h)-1.2(e)-690.5(n)-1.2(at)3.9(i)3.9(ons)-683.5(p)-1.2(ri)3.9(mary)-696.4(source)-683.6(for)]TJ T* -0.0023 Tc [(a)-5.7(t)0.4(mo)-4.7(s)-5.6(p)-4.7(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(ric)-473.7(d)-4.7(a)-5.7(t)0.4(a)-473.7(t)0.4(o)-486.5(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(tima)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-480.6(d)-4.7(ry)-479.7(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(d)-4.7(i)0.4(c)-480.6(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(p)-4.7(o)-4.7(s)-5.6(itio)-4.7(n)-472.8(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)-472.8(to)-486.5(p)-4.7(r)0.3(o)-4.7(v)-4.7(i)0.4(d)-4.7(e)-473.7(d)-4.7(a)-5.7(ta)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0021 Tc [(on)-330.7(rural)-339.3(o)-0.3(zone)-324.8(l)4.8(e)-1.3(vel)4.8(s)-1.2(.)-326.1(U)1.4(sed)-323.8(i)4.8(n)-337.6(c)-1.3(onj)4.8(unct)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-323.8(w)1.4(i)4.8(t)4.8(h)-344.5(ot)4.8(her)-325.6(n)-0.3(at)4.8(i)4.8(onal)-325.6(m)2.4(oni)4.8(t)4.8(o)-0.3(ri)4.8(ng)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0015 Tc [(n)-3.9(e)-4.9(two)-3.9(r)1.1(k)-3.9(s)-4.8(,)-446.7(C)-2.1(ASTNET)-457.3(is)-459.1(u)-3.9(s)-4.8(e)-4.9(d)-451.3(to)-458.2(d)-3.9(e)-4.9(te)-4.9(rmin)-3.9(e)-452.3(t)1.2(h)-3.9(e)-459.1(e)-4.9(f)21.8(fe)-4.9(c)-4.9(tiv)-3.9(e)-4.9(n)-3.9(e)-4.9(s)-4.8(s)-452.2(o)-3.9(f)-453.1(n)-3.9(a)-4.9(tio)-3.9(n)-3.9(a)-4.9(l)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(emi)4.5(ssi)4.5(on)-234.7(cont)4.5(rol)-236.4(p)-0.6(rograms.)-236.9(Est)4.5(a)-1.6(bl)4.5(i)4.5(s)-1.5(hed)-227.8(i)4.5(n)-248.4(1987,)-230(CASTNET)-233.8(now)-239.8(compri)4.5(ses)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(over)-470(7)-0.1(0)-475.1(m)2.6(oni)5(t)5(o)-0.1(ri)5(ng)-481.9(st)5(at)5(i)5(ons)-475.9(across)-469(t)5(he)-482.9(Uni)5(t)5(e)-1.1(d)-475.1(S)0.8(t)5(a)-1.1(t)5(e)-1.1(s.)-477.3(The)-469.1(l)5(ongest)-469.9(dat)5(a)]TJ T* -0.0023 Tc [(re)-5.7(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(rd)-4.7(s)-535.6(a)-5.7(re)-535.7(p)-4.7(r)0.3(ima)-5.7(r)0.3(ily)-548.5(a)-5.7(t)-536.5(e)-5.7(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(te)-5.7(rn)-527.8(s)-5.6(ite)-5.7(s)-5.6(.)-536.9(Th)-4.7(e)-535.7(m)-2(a)-5.7(j)0.4(o)-4.7(r)0.3(ity)-548.5(o)-4.7(f)-536.5(th)-4.7(e)-535.7(m)-2(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(ito)-4.7(rin)-4.7(g)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(st)4.5(at)4.5(i)4.5(ons)-504(are)-504(operat)4.5(e)-1.6(d)-503.1(b)-0.6(y)-503.1(E)0.2(P)89.8(A)1.1(s)-504(Of)25.1(ce)-510.9(o)-0.6(f)-504.9(A)1.1(i)4.5(r)-504.9(and)-503.1(R)1.2(adi)4.5(a)-1.6(t)4.5(i)4.5(on;)-504.8(however,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(approxi)4.7(mat)4.7(e)-1.4(l)4.7(y)-440.9(20)-447.8(st)4.7(at)4.7(i)4.7(ons)-441.8(are)-448.8(operat)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-440.9(b)-0.4(y)-447.8(t)4.7(he)-448.8(Nat)4.7(i)4.7(onal)-442.7(P)0.5(ark)-447.8(S)0.5(ervi)4.7(ce)-441.9(i)4.7(n)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(cooperat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-317.2(w)1.1(i)4.5(t)4.5(h)-337.9(EP)89.8(A.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0012 Tc [(Ea)-4.6(c)-4.6(h)-327.1(CASTNET)-326.3(d)-3.6(ry)-334(d)-3.6(e)-4.6(p)-3.6(o)-3.6(s)-4.5(itio)-3.6(n)-327.1(s)-4.5(ta)-4.6(tio)-3.6(n)-334(m)-0.9(e)-4.6(a)-4.6(s)-4.5(u)-3.6(r)1.4(e)-4.6(s)-4.5(:)]TJ /F10 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.74 70.2151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 53.46 69.735 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(weekl)5.6(y)-687.8(aver)5.5(age)-681.9(a)-0.5(t)5.6(m)3.2(ospher)5.5(i)5.6(c)-688.8(c)-0.5(oncent)5.6(r)5.5(at)5.6(i)5.6(ons)-674.9(of)-696.5(sul)5.6(f)5.5(at)5.6(e,)-690(ni)5.6(t)5.6(r)5.5(at)5.6(e,)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(ammoni)4.8(um,)-326.1(s)-1.2(ul)4.8(fur)-325.6(d)-0.3(i)4.8(oxi)4.8(de,)-326.1(a)-1.3(nd)-323.8(ni)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(c)-338.5(aci)4.8(d.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 497.04 794.655 Tm 0.0002 Tc [(ACID)-335.1(RAIN)-2001.3(1)-1.7(1)]TJ /F10 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 320.7 771.615 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 333.42 771.135 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(hourl)5.1(y)-330.4(concent)5.1(r)5(at)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-310.6(of)-332.2(ambi)5.1(ent)-318.4(o)0(zone)-324.5(l)5.1(e)-1(vel)5.1(s)-0.9(.)]TJ /F10 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 320.7 761.655 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 333.42 761.175 Tm 0.002 Tc [(met)4.7(e)-1.4(orol)4.7(ogi)4.7(cal)-669.8(condi)4.7(t)4.7(i)4.7(ons)-682.7(requi)4.7(red)-681.8(f)4.6(or)-683.6(cal)4.7(cul)4.7(a)-1.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-681.8(d)-0.4(ry)-681.8(deposi)4.7(-)]TJ T* 0.0034 Tc [(t)6.1(i)6.1(o)1(n)-329.4(r)6(at)6.1(es.)]TJ -1.6863 -2.4021 TD -0.0022 Tc [(Dry)-452(d)-4.6(e)-5.6(p)-4.6(o)-4.6(s)-5.5(itio)-4.6(n)-438.3(r)0.4(a)-5.6(t)0.5(e)-5.6(s)-446(a)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-446.1(c)-5.6(a)-5.6(l)0.5(c)-5.6(u)-4.6(la)-5.6(te)-5.6(d)-438.3(u)-4.6(s)-5.5(i)0.5(n)-4.6(g)-438.3(a)-5.6(t)0.5(mo)-4.6(s)-5.5(p)-4.6(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(ric)-439.2(c)-5.6(o)-4.6(n)-4.6(c)-5.6(e)-5.6(n)-4.6(tra)-5.6(tio)-4.6(n)-4.6(s)-5.5(,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(met)5.5(e)-0.6(or)5.4(ol)5.5(ogi)5.5(cal)-331.8(dat)5.5(a)-0.6(,)-346(a)-0.6(nd)-336.9(i)5.5(n)0.4(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(at)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-350.7(o)0.4(n)-343.8(l)5.5(and)-343.8(u)0.4(se,)-339.1(v)0.4(eget)5.5(at)5.5(i)5.5(on,)-339.1(and)-343.8(s)-0.5(ur)5.4(f)5.4(ace)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(conditions.)-512.7(C)0.7(ASTNET)-516.5(complement)]TJ 14.9217 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(s)-511(t)4.3(he)-524.9(database)-511.1(complied)-517(b)-0.8(y)-517.1(NADP.)]TJ -14.9217 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Because)-449.1(of)-470.6(the)-469.7(i)4.4(nterdependence)-442.2(o)-0.7(f)-470.6(w)1(et)-463.6(and)-461.9(d)-0.7(ry)-468.8(deposition,)-457.2(NADP)-467.8(wet)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0014 Tc [(d)-3.8(e)-4.8(p)-3.8(o)-3.8(s)-4.7(itio)-3.8(n)-602.6(d)-3.8(a)-4.8(t)1.3(a)-617.3(a)-4.8(re)-610.5(c)-4.8(o)-3.8(lle)-4.8(c)-4.8(t)1.3(e)-4.8(d)-609.5(a)-4.8(t)-611.3(a)-4.8(l)1.3(l)-618.2(C)-2(ASTNET)-608.7(s)-4.7(ite)-4.8(s)-4.7(.)-611.7(T)65.9(o)-3.8(g)-3.8(e)-4.8(th)-3.8(e)-4.8(r)1.2(,)-598(t)1.3(h)-3.8(e)-4.8(s)-4.7(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(w)2.2(o)-508.9(l)5.6(ong-)5.5(t)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(m)-513.1(dat)5.6(a)-0.5(bases)-496(p)0.5(r)5.5(ovi)5.6(de)-502.9(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-509.8(n)0.5(ecessar)5.5(y)-495.1(dat)5.6(a)-502.9(t)5.6(o)-515.8(est)5.6(i)5.6(m)3.2(at)5.6(e)-509.8(t)5.6(r)5.5(e)-0.5(nds)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(and)-550.4(s)-0.6(pat)5.4(i)5.4(a)-0.7(l)-552.1(p)0.3(at)5.4(t)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(n)0.3(s)-551.2(i)5.4(n)-564.1(t)5.4(ot)5.4(al)-552.1(at)5.4(mospher)5.3(i)5.4(c)-551.3(d)0.3(eposi)5.4(t)5.4(i)5.4(on.)-545.7(Nat)5.4(i)5.4(onal)-552.1(O)2(ceani)5.4(c)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0002 Tc [(and)-546(A)-0.5(tmospheric)-540(A)-0.5(dministratio)]TJ 13.263 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(n)-552.3(\()3.4(NOAA\))-547.2(also)-545.4(operates)-539.4(a)-553.2(smaller)-540.3(d)-1.6(ry)]TJ -13.263 -1.1426 TD -0.0023 Tc [(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(p)-4.7(o)-4.7(s)-5.6(itio)-4.7(n)-321.3(n)-4.7(e)-5.7(t)0.4(wo)-4.7(rk)-321.3(c)-5.7(a)-5.7(lle)-5.7(d)-321.3(A)-3(tmo)-4.7(s)-5.6(p)-4.7(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(ric)-322.3(I)0.3(n)-4.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(g)-4.7(ra)-5.7(te)-5.7(d)-328.2(A)-3(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(m)-2(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(t)-302.5(M)-1.2(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(ito)-4.7(rin)-4.7(g)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(Net)5.4(w)2(or)5.3(k)-509.1(\()5.3(AI)5.3(RMoN\))-517.8(f)5.3(ocused)-502.2(on)-516(addr)5.3(essi)5.4(ng)-502.2(r)5.3(e)-0.7(sear)5.3(ch)-502.2(i)5.4(ssues)-503.1(speci)5.4(cal)5.4(l)5.4(y)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(re)-6.1(la)-6.1(te)-6.1(d)-335.5(t)0(o)-335.5(d)-5.1(ry)-335.5(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(p)-5.1(o)-5.1(s)-6(itio)-5.1(n)-328.6(m)-2.4(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(u)-5.1(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(m)-2.4(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.0029 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Ozone)-324.3(D)1.9(at)5.2(a)-330.2(C)1.9(ol)5.3(l)5.3(ect)5.2(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-329.3(N)1.9(et)5.2(work)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3972 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Ozone)-558.5(dat)5.1(a)-565.4(col)5.1(l)5.1(ect)5.1(ed)-564.4(by)-564.4(CASTNET)-563.6(a)-1(r)5(e)-565.4(compl)5.1(e)-1(ment)5.1(ar)5(y)-557.5(t)5.1(o)-571.3(t)5.1(he)-572.3(l)5.1(a)-1(r)25.7(g)0(er)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(ozone)-372.8(dat)4.9(a)-379.7(set)4.9(s)-379.7(gat)4.9(h)-0.2(ered)-371.9(by)-378.8(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-379.7(S)0.7(t)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(e)-386.6(and)-378.8(L)0.6(ocal)-366.8(Ai)4.9(r)-387.5(M)3.3(oni)4.9(t)4.9(o)-0.2(ri)4.9(ng)-385.7(St)4.9(at)4.9(i)4.9(ons)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0013 Tc [(\(SLAMS\))-340.2(a)-2.1(nd)-338.4(Nat)4(i)4(onal)-333.3(A)0.6(i)4(r)-347.1(Moni)4(t)4(o)-1.1(ri)4(ng)-345.3(St)4(at)4(i)4(ons)-346.2(\(NAMS\))-340.2(net)4(w)0.6(orks.)-333.7(M)2.4(ost)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0017 Tc [(a)-5.1(i)1(r-q)-4.1(u)-4.1(a)-5.1(lity)-499.7(s)-5(a)-5.1(mp)-4.1(le)-5.1(s)-479.9(a)-5.1(t)-494.6(S)-3.2(LAMS/NAMS)-491.9(s)-5(ite)-5.1(s)-486.8(a)-5.1(re)-493.8(lo)-4.1(c)-5.1(a)-5.1(t)1(e)-5.1(d)-485.9(in)-499.7(u)-4.1(r)0.9(b)-4.1(a)-5.1(n)-485.9(a)-5.1(re)-5.1(a)-5.1(s)-5(,)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(whi)4.2(l)4.2(e)-346(CASTNET)-330.4(s)-1.8(i)4.2(t)4.2(e)-1.9(s)-346(a)-1.9(re)-339.1(i)4.2(n)-345.1(rural)-339.9(l)4.2(ocat)4.2(i)4.2(ons.)-333.5(H)0.8(ourl)4.2(y)-345.1(ozone)-332.3(measurement)4.2(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0031 Tc [(ar)5.7(e)-378.8(t)5.8(aken)-371(at)-379.6(each)-364.1(of)-379.7(t)5.8(h)0.7(e)-378.8(5)0.7(0)-377.9(s)-0.2(i)5.8(t)5.8(e)-0.3(s)-378.8(oper)5.7(a)-0.3(t)5.8(e)-0.3(d)-371(b)0.7(y)-377.9(E)1.5(P)91.1(A)2.4(.)-373.2(D)2.4(at)5.8(a)-372(f)5.7(r)5.7(o)0.7(m)-389(t)5.8(hese)-372(si)5.8(t)5.8(e)-0.3(s)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc [(provi)4.5(de)-325.1(i)4.5(n)-0.6(format)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-337.9(t)4.5(o)-337.9(h)-0.6(el)4.5(p)-331(c)-1.6(haract)4.5(er)]TJ 15.2934 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(i)5.3(z)-0.8(e)-317.4(o)0.2(zone)-324.3(t)5.3(r)5.2(ansport)-325.1(i)5.3(ssues)-324.2(and)-323.3(o)0.2(zone)]TJ -15.2934 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(exposure)-317.5(l)5.2(evel)5.2(s.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.0029 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Integrated)-316.9(Monitoring,)-327(a)-1.2(nd)-330.7(AIRMoN)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.4041 TD 0.0015 Tc [(The)-476.8(A)0.8(t)4.2(m)1.8(ospheri)4.2(c)-469.9(I)4.1(nt)4.2(egrat)4.2(e)-1.9(d)-475.9(R)0.9(esearch)-462.1(Moni)4.2(t)4.2(o)-0.9(ri)4.2(ng)-482.7(Net)4.2(w)0.8(ork)-475.9(i)4.2(s)-483.6(a)-1.9(n)-475.9(a)-1.9(t)4.2(m)1.8(o-)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0008 Tc [(spheric)-360.5(c)-2.6(omponent)-347.5(to)-373.3(the)-367.4(overall)-361.3(nati)]TJ 15.4517 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(onal)-360.6(i)4.2(ntegrated)-365.7(m)1.8(on)]TJ 8.2455 0 TD -0.0007 Tc [(itoring)-367.9(initiative)]TJ -23.6972 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(h)-0.5(at)-491(i)4.6(s)-497(current)4.6(l)4.6(y)-489.2(evol)4.6(vi)4.6(ng.)-484.6(AIRMoN)-494.4(i)4.6(s)-497(a)-490.2(r)4.5(el)4.6(at)4.6(i)4.6(v)-0.5(el)4.6(y)-496.1(n)-0.5(ew)-487.5(program,)-491.4(c)-1.5(on-)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(st)5(ruct)5(ed)-543.9(by)-543.9(combi)5(n)-0.1(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-537(a)-1.1(nd)-543.9(bui)5(l)5(d)-0.1(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-543.9(upon)-543.9(pre-exi)5(s)-1(t)5(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-543.9(s)-1(peci)5(al)5(i)5(zed)-530.1(wet)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0022 Tc [(d)-4.6(e)-5.6(p)-4.6(o)-4.6(s)-5.5(itio)-4.6(n)-486.4(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-486.4(d)-4.6(r)0.4(y)-493.3(d)-4.6(e)-5.6(p)-4.6(o)-4.6(s)-5.5(itio)-4.6(n)-486.4(m)-2(o)-4.6(n)-4.6(ito)-4.6(rin)-4.6(g)-493.3(n)-4.6(e)-5.6(two)-4.6(r)0.4(k)-4.6(s)-5.5(,)-488.7(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-486.4(with)-500.2(two)-493.3(s)-5.5(p)-4.6(e)-5.6(-)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(ci)5.3(c)-324.3(goal)5.3(s)-0.7(:)]TJ 0.998 -2.3952 TD 0.0024 Tc (1.)Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.7482 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(T)90.8(o)-440.1(pr)33.9(ovi)5.5(d)0.4(e)-434.2(r)33.9(egul)5.5(ar)-427.3(and)-440.1(t)5.5(i)5.5(m)2.1(el)5.5(y)-448(r)33.9(eport)5.5(s)-427.3(on)-440.1(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-448(a)0.4(t)5.5(m)2.1(ospheri)5.5(c)-427.3(c)-0.6(onse-)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(quences)-441.2(of)-462.7(emi)5.3(ssi)5.3(on)-447.2(r)33.7(e)-0.8(duct)5.3(i)5.3(ons,)-442.6(a)0.2(s)-455(i)5.3(mposed)-447.2(under)-448.1(t)5.3(he)-461.9(Cl)5.3(ean)-454.1(A)1(i)5.3(r)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Act)-291(A)0.7(mendment)5(s)-1(.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf -1.7482 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc (2.)Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.7482 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(T)90.8(o)-426.4(pr)33.9(ovi)5.5(d)0.4(e)-420.4(quant)5.5(i)5.5()0.4(ed)-419.5(i)5.5(n)0.4(f)5.5(o)0.4(rmat)5.5(i)5.5(o)0.4(n)-426.4(r)33.9(equi)5.5(r)33.9(e)-0.6(d)-405.7(t)5.5(o)-433.3(ext)5.5(end)-419.5(t)5.5(hese)-427.3(obser-)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(vat)5.4(i)5.4(ons)-379.2(of)-373.2(at)5.4(mospheri)5.4(c)-365.5(e)-0.7(f)5.4(f)5.4(ect)5.4(s)-379.2(t)5.4(o)-385.2(a)0.3(t)5.4(m)2(ospheri)5.4(c)-365.5(d)0.3(eposi)5.4(t)5.4(i)5.4(on,)-366.8(bot)5.4(h)-378.3(w)2.1(et)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(and)-288.7(dry.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf -1.6037 -2.3952 TD 0.0011 Tc [(AIRMoN)-433.2(has)-422.1(t)3.8(wo)-435(principal)-422.9(c)-2.3(ompone)]TJ 15.6307 0 TD [(nts:)-416.1(wet)-422.9(a)-2.3(nd)-428.1(dry)-435(d)-1.3(eposition.)-416.5(All)]TJ -16.7732 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc 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[(The)-380.6(c)-2.1(onventional)-367.7(d)-1.1(enition)-379.7(o)-1.1(f)-381.5(a)-2.1(n)-386.6(acid)-379.7(i)4(s)-387.5(t)4(hat)-381.4(i)4(t)]TJ -10.4686 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(i)4.4(s)-400.8(an)-399.9(el)4.4(ect)4.4(rol)4.4(y)-0.7(t)4.4(e)-394(t)4.4(h)-0.7(at)-394.8(furni)4.4(s)-1.6(hes)-393.9(p)-0.7(rot)4.4(ons,)-388.4(i)4.4(.e.,)-409(hydrogen)-386.2(i)4.4(ons,)-388.4(H)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 253.2 212.2951 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 258.48 209.1751 Tm 0.0034 Tc [(.)-393.6(A)2.7(n)-398.2(aci)6.1(d)]TJ -26.3475 -1.1426 TD -0.0027 Tc [(is)-425.9(s)-6(o)-5.1(u)-5.1(r)-406.2(to)-425(th)-5.1(e)-419(t)0(a)-6.1(s)-6(te)-419(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-418.1(u)-5.1(s)-6(u)-5.1(a)-6.1(lly)-411.2(q)-5.1(u)-5.1(ite)-419(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(rro)-5.1(s)-6(i)0(v)-5.1(e)-6.1(.)-413.4(A)-423.2(b)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(e)-412.2(is)-419(a)-6.1(n)-418.1(e)-6.1(l)0(e)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)0(ro)-5.1(ly)-5.1(te)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(t)4.5(h)-0.6(at)-387.8(furni)4.5(s)-1.5(hes)-387(hydroxyl)-380.9(i)4.5(ons,)-388.3(O)1.1(H)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 148.38 192.3751 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 153.6 189.2551 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(.)-399.7(A)-395.7(b)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(e)-391.5(is)-398.3(b)-5.1(itte)-6.1(r)-399.3(t)0(o)-397.5(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-398.4(ta)-6.1(s)-6(t)0(e)-398.4(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-390.6(a)-6.1(l)0(s)-6(o)]TJ -14.3163 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(usual)4.6(l)4.6(y)-234.6(qui)4.6(t)4.6(e)-242.4(corrosi)4.6(ve.)-229.9(T)0.3(hese)-228.6(deni)4.6(t)4.6(i)4.6(ons)-235.4(were)-242.4(formul)4.6(at)4.6(ed)-241.4(i)4.6(n)-241.4(t)4.6(e)-1.5(rms)-242.3(o)-0.5(f)-236.4(w)1.2(at)4.6(er)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(sol)5.1(u)0(t)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-228(and,)-222.5(consequent)5.1(l)5.1(y)0(,)-215.6(d)0(o)-227.2(not)-228.9(embrace)-221.2(si)5.1(t)5.1(u)0(at)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-234.9(where)-228.1(s)-0.9(ome)-228.1(i)5.1(oni)5.1(zi)5.1(ng)]TJ T* 0.001 Tc [(medium)-308.5(other)-306.1(t)3.7(han)-311.2(w)0.3(ater)-306.1(may)-311.2(b)-1.4(e)-305.2(i)3.7(nvolved.)-306.5(In)-311.2(the)-312.1(d)-1.4(enition)-311.2(o)-1.4(f)-306.1(L)-0.6(owry)-311.2(and)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(Br)5.3(nst)5.4(e)-0.7(d,)-215.3(an)-226.9(aci)5.4(d)-220(i)5.4(s)-227.7(a)-220.9(pr)5.3(ot)5.4(on)-220(donor)-214.9(and)-220(a)-227.8(base)-214(i)5.4(s)-227.7(a)-220.9(p)0.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(t)5.4(o)0.3(n)-226.9(accept)5.4(o)0.3(r)5.3(.)-208.4(Aci)5.4(d)0.3(-)5.3(b)0.3(ase)]TJ T* 0.0031 Tc [(t)5.8(h)0.7(eor)5.7(y)-329.7(i)5.8(s)-330.6(descr)5.7(i)5.8(bed)-315.9(l)5.8(at)5.8(er)5.7(.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.1425 TD -0.0017 Tc [(Ac)-5.1(id)-4.1(i)-4.1(c)-5.1(a)-4.1(tio)-4.1(n)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.6025 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(s)-414.2(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-414.2(operat)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-406.4(o)-0.3(f)-415.1(c)-1.3(reat)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-406.4(a)-1.3(n)-413.3(e)-1.3(xcess)-393.5(o)-0.3(f)-415.1(hydrogen)-399.5(i)4.8(ons,)]TJ -6.7451 -1.1425 TD 0.0004 Tc [(normally)-304.9(involving)-304.9(the)-305.8(a)-3(ddition)-304.9(o)-2(f)-299.8(a)-3(n)-304.9(aci)]TJ 16.7319 0 TD [(d)-298.1(t)3(o)-311.9(a)-305.9(neutral)-299.9(o)-2.1(r)-299.9(a)-3.1(lkaline)-305.9(s)-3(olution)]TJ -16.7319 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(unt)5.3(i)5.3(l)-462.7(a)-455(p)0.2(H)-459.2(b)0.2(el)5.3(ow)-452.4(7)-461(i)5.3(s)-461.9(achi)5.3(e)-0.8(ved,)-435.7(t)5.3(hus)-461.9(i)5.3(ndi)5.3(cat)5.3(i)5.3(n)0.2(g)-454.1(a)-0.8(n)-454.1(e)-0.8(xcess)-441.2(o)0.2(f)-455.9(hydrogen)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(i)5.4(ons.)-359.9(I)5.3(n)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 3.4827 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(neut)5.3(ral)5.3(i)5.3(z)-0.7(at)5.3(i)5.3(on,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.2358 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(a)-358.9(b)0(al)5.1(ance)-358.9(bet)5.1(w)1.7(een)-351.1(hydrogen)-351.1(a)-1(nd)-364.8(hydroxyl)-352.8(i)5.1(ons)-358.8(i)5.1(s)]TJ -9.7184 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(e)-6.1(f)20.6(fe)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(d)-5.1(.)-392.8(A)-3.4(n)-404.3(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(i)0(d)-397.5(s)-6(o)-5.1(l)0(u)-5.1(tio)-5.1(n)-397.5(m)-2.4(a)-6.1(y)-397.5(b)-5.1(e)-398.4(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(u)-5.1(t)0(ra)-6.1(liz)-6.1(e)-6.1(d)-397.5(b)-5.1(y)-397.5(th)-5.1(e)-398.4(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(d)-5.1(itio)-5.1(n)-397.5(o)-5.1(f)-399.3(a)-405.3(b)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(e)-6.1(;)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(and)-324.1(v)-0.6(i)4.5(c)-1.6(e)-332(v)-0.6(ersa.)-319.5(T)0.2(he)-325.1(product)4.5(s)-325(of)-332.8(neut)4.5(ral)4.5(i)4.5(zat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-324.1(a)-1.6(re)-332(a)-332(s)-1.5(al)4.5(t)-325.9(a)-1.6(nd)-324.1(wat)4.5(e)-1.6(r.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Some)-496.8(of)-497.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-503.7(i)4.8(nor)25.4(gani)4.8(c)-496.8(aci)4.8(ds,)-491.2(s)-1.2(uch)-489(a)-1.3(s)-496.8(hydrochl)4.8(ori)4.8(c)-496.8(aci)4.8(d,)-491.2(HCl)4.8(,)-498.1(ni)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(c)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD [(aci)4.8(d,)-491.2(HNO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 68.76 58.455 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 72.3 59.7751 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(,)-497.9(a)-1.1(nd)-495.7(sul)5(f)4.9(uri)5(c)-503.5(aci)5(d,)-491(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 154.2 58.455 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 157.74 59.7751 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 168.9 58.455 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 172.44 59.7751 Tm 0.0012 Tc [(,)-499(a)-2.2(re)-504.6(very-hi)3.9(gh-t)3.9(onnage)-484(product)3.9(s)]TJ 15.6378 81.6029 TD 0.0028 Tc [(and)-557.2(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-565(consi)5.5(d)0.4(er)5.4(ed)-543.4(ver)5.4(y)-564(i)5.5(m)3.1(por)5.4(t)5.5(a)-0.6(nt)-558.9(chemi)5.5(cal)-552(r)5.4(a)-0.6(w)-562.3(m)3.1(at)5.5(er)5.4(i)5.5(a)-0.6(l)5.5(s)-0.5(.)-559.4(T)1.2(he)-558.1(most)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(common)-447.6(i)4.9(nor)25.5(gani)4.9(c)-462.3(b)-0.2(ases)-448.5(\(or)-456.3(a)-1.2(l)4.9(k)-0.2(al)4.9(i)4.9(s)-1.1(\))-456.3(i)4.9(ncl)4.9(ude)-455.4(sodi)4.9(um)-451.8(hydroxi)4.9(de,)-443(N)1.5(aOH,)]TJ T* 0.0016 Tc [(and)-565.2(potassium)-562.5(hydroxide,)-560.6(KOH,)-567.4(and)-572.1(a)]TJ 16.9866 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(lso)-566.2(a)-2.8(re)-574(high-tonnage)-560.3(materials,)]TJ -16.9866 -1.1425 TD -0.0011 Tc [(p)-3.5(a)-4.5(rtic)-4.5(u)-3.5(l)1.6(a)-4.5(r)1.5(ly)-333.9(Na)-4.5(OH.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.003 Tc [(Sever)5.6(a)-0.4(l)-283.4(c)-0.4(l)5.7(a)-0.4(sses)-275.6(o)0.6(f)-297.2(o)0.6(r)26.3(g)0.6(ani)5.7(c)-289.5(subst)5.7(a)-0.4(nces)-275.6(ar)5.6(e)-289.5(c)-0.4(l)5.7(a)-0.4(ssi)5.7(ed)-281.6(a)-0.4(s)-289.4(aci)5.7(ds,)-283.9(not)5.7(abl)5.7(y)-288.5(t)5.7(h)0.6(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(carboxyl)5.4(i)5.4(c)-427.4(aci)5.4(ds,)-421.8(t)5.4(he)-441.2(ami)5.4(n)0.3(o)-426.5(aci)5.4(ds,)-428.7(a)-0.7(nd)-426.5(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-441.2(nucl)5.4(e)-0.7(i)5.4(c)-427.4(aci)5.4(ds.)-421.8(T)1.1(hese)-427.4(and)-426.5(t)5.4(he)]TJ T* [(pr)5.4(evi)5.5(ousl)5.5(y)-323.1(ment)5.5(i)5.5(oned)-323.1(m)3.1(at)5.5(er)5.4(i)5.5(a)-0.6(l)5.5(s)-330.9(ar)5.4(e)-324.1(d)0.4(escr)5.4(i)5.5(b)0.4(ed)-323.1(el)5.5(sewher)5.4(e)-317.2(i)5.5(n)-330(t)5.5(hi)5.5(s)-337.8(vol)5.5(ume.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Pri)4.9(n)-0.2(ci)4.9(pal)-545.7(t)4.9(heori)4.9(e)-1.2(s)-544.9(o)-0.2(f)-552.7(aci)4.9(ds)-544.9(and)-544(b)-0.2(ases)-538(have)-544.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(cl)4.9(uded:)-538.9(\(1\))-332.4(A)1.5(rrheni)4.9(u)-0.2(s-)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Ost)5(w)1.6(al)5(d)-633.4(t)5(heory,)-628.7(whi)5(c)-1.1(h)-633.4(w)1.6(as)-627.4(proposed)-619.6(soon)-626.5(aft)5(e)-1.1(r)-635.2(t)5(he)-634.3(concept)-621.4(o)-0.1(f)-628.3(t)5(he)]TJ /F3 1 Tf T* -0.0027 Tc [(io)-5.1(n)-5.1(i)0(z)-6(a)-5.1(tio)-5.1(n)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.6458 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(of)-559(chemi)5.5(cal)-552(subst)5.5(a)-0.6(nces)-544.3(i)5.5(n)-570.9(aqueous)-551.1(sol)5.5(u)0.4(t)5.5(i)5.5(ons)-558(was)-558(g)0.4(ener)5.4(al)5.5(l)5.5(y)]TJ -4.6458 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(accept)5.6(e)-0.5(d.)-284(\()5.5(2)0.5(\))-324.8(M)4(uch)-302.4(l)5.6(at)5.6(er)-297.3(\()5.5(1923\))5.5(,)-297.7(J)-0.4(.)5.1(N)2.2(.)-297.7(B)2.3(r)5.5(nst)5.6(e)-0.5(d)-295.5(d)0.5(ened)-288.6(a)-0.5(n)-295.5(aci)5.6(d)-302.4(a)-0.5(s)-296.4(a)-303.3(sour)5.5(ce)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(of)-325.4(pr)4.9(ot)5(ons)-324.5(and)-316.7(a)-331.5(base)-317.7(i)5(s)-331.4(an)-323.6(accept)5(o)-0.1(r)-311.7(o)-0.1(f)-325.4(p)-0.1(r)4.9(o)-0.1(t)5(ons.)-319(\()4.9(3\))-332.3(T.)4.5(M.)-325.9(Lowr)4.9(y,)-325.9(wor)4.9(k)-0.1(i)5(n)-0.1(g)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(n)-289.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-290.5(s)-1.3(ame)-290.5(t)4.7(i)4.7(m)2.3(e)-290.5(frame)-297.3(as)-283.5(Brnst)4.7(e)-1.4(d,)-284.9(devel)4.7(oped)-275.7(a)-290.5(si)4.7(mi)4.7(l)4.7(a)-1.4(r)-291.3(c)-1.4(oncept)-270.6(a)-1.4(nd,)-284.9(over)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-357.1(y)-5.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(s)-6(,)-351.5(th)-5.1(e)-364(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(p)-5.1(t)-344.1(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(s)-350.2(b)-5.1(e)-6.1(e)-6.1(n)-356.2(re)-6.1(fe)-6.1(rre)-6.1(d)-356.2(t)0(o)-369.9(i)0(n)-363(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-357.1(lite)-6.1(ra)-6.1(tu)-5.1(re)-370.9(a)-6.1(s)-357(th)-5.1(e)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 27.3933 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (Lowry-)Tj -27.3933 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Brnst)5.4(e)-0.7(d)-412.7(t)5.4(heory)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.6074 0 TD -0.0023 Tc [(.)-475(I)0.3(t)-488.3(w)-3(ill)-488.3(b)-4.7(e)-480.6(n)-4.7(o)-4.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(d)-479.7(th)-4.7(a)-5.7(t)-481.4(th)-4.7(is)-487.4(th)-4.7(e)-5.7(o)-4.7(ry)-486.5(a)-5.7(lte)-5.7(re)-5.7(d)-479.7(t)0.4(h)-4.7(e)-487.5(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(itio)-4.7(n)]TJ -6.6074 -1.1494 TD 0.0003 Tc [(of)-423.8(an)-415.1(acid)-422(v)-2.1(ery)-422(little,)-438(c)-3.1(ontinuing)-415.1(to)]TJ 15.3279 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(emphasize)-407.9(the)-428.5(r)4.2(ole)-421.6(o)-0.8(f)-422.5(t)4.3(he)-421.6(hydrogen)]TJ -15.3279 -1.1494 TD 0.0008 Tc [(ion.)-416.8(However,)-403.1(the)-415.5(d)-1.6(enition)-414.6(o)-1.6(f)-416.4(a)-415.5(ba)]TJ 15.2315 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(se)-407.7(was)-407.6(e)-1.6(xtended)-406.7(b)-0.6(eyond)-399.8(the)-414.5(r)4.4(ole)-421.4(o)-0.6(f)]TJ -15.2315 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-482.7(hydroxyl)-469.7(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-481.7(t)5.2(o)-488.6(i)5.2(ncl)5.2(ude)-475.8(a)-482.7(w)1.8(i)5.2(d)0.1(e)-482.7(v)0.1(ari)5.2(e)-0.9(t)5.2(y)-481.7(of)-476.7(unchar)25.8(g)0.1(ed)-468(speci)5.2(es,)-470.2(s)-0.8(uch)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(as)-407.6(ammoni)4.5(a)-407.7(a)-1.6(nd)-399.8(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-414.5(a)-1.6(mi)4.5(nes.)-402.1(\(4\))-325.9(I)4.4(n)-413.6(1938,)-402.1(G.N.)-415.8(Lewi)4.5(s)-407.6(f)4.4(urt)4.5(h)-0.6(er)-408.5(broadened)]TJ T* -0.0019 Tc [(th)-4.3(e)-370.1(d)-4.3(e)-5.3()-3.4(n)-4.3(itio)-4.3(n)-369.1(o)-4.3(f)-370.9(L)-3.5(o)-4.3(w)-2.6(ry)-4.3(-Br)-4.3(n)-4.3(s)-5.2(te)-5.3(d)-4.3(.)-357.6(Le)-5.3(wis)-370(d)-4.3(e)-5.3()-3.4(n)-4.3(e)-5.3(d)-362.2(a)-5.3(n)-369.1(a)-5.3(c)-5.3(i)0.8(d)-369.1(a)-5.3(s)-370(a)-5.3(n)-4.3(y)-4.3(t)0.8(h)-4.3(i)0.8(n)-4.3(g)-362.2(th)-4.3(a)-5.3(t)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(can)-481.3(at)5.6(t)5.6(ach)-488.2(i)5.6(t)5.6(s)-0.4(el)5.6(f)-490(t)5.6(o)-495.1(s)-0.4(omet)5.6(hi)5.6(ng)-481.3(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-495.1(an)-488.2(unshar)5.5(e)-0.5(d)-474.5(p)0.5(ai)5.6(r)-490(o)0.5(f)-490(e)-0.5(l)5.6(ect)5.6(r)5.5(ons.)-476.7(T)1.3(he)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0022 Tc [(b)-4.6(r)0.4(o)-4.6(a)-5.6(d)-390.1(d)-4.6(e)-5.6()-3.7(n)-4.6(itio)-4.6(n)-397(o)-4.6(f)-398.8(L)-3.8(e)-5.6(w)-2.9(is)-397.8(c)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-5.6(a)-5.6(t)0.5(e)-5.6(s)-391(s)-5.5(o)-4.6(me)-391(d)-4.6(i)0.5(f)21.1()-3.7(c)-5.6(u)-4.6(ltie)-5.6(s)-404.7(w)-2.9(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(n)-390.1(o)-4.6(n)-4.6(e)-397.9(a)-5.6(tte)-5.6(mp)-4.6(ts)-397.8(to)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(cat)5.2(egori)5.2(z)-0.9(e)-248.7(L)0.9(ewi)5.2(s)-262.4(aci)5.2(ds)-255.5(and)-254.6(b)0.1(ases.)-249.9(R)1.9(.G.)-263.7(P)1(earson)-254.6(\()5.1(1963\))-249.5(suggest)5.2(ed)-247.7(t)5.2(w)1.8(o)-261.5(m)2.8(ai)5.2(n)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(cat)5.7(egor)5.6(i)5.7(e)-0.4(s)-89.8()-84.5(har)5.6(d)-467.5(and)-481.2(s)-0.3(of)5.6(t)-483(aci)5.7(ds)-475.2(as)-482.1(wel)5.7(l)-483(as)-482.1(har)5.6(d)-481.2(and)-474.4(s)-0.3(of)5.6(t)-483(b)0.6(ases.)-469.7(T)1.4(hese)]TJ T* 0.0014 Tc [(are)-401.2(d)-1(escri)4.1(b)-1(ed)-393.4(i)4.1(n)-414(more)-408.1(det)4.1(a)-2(i)4.1(l)-402(by)-324.5(Long)-400.2(and)-400.2(B)0.8(oyd)-400.2(\(1983\).)-402.5(\()4(5\))-333.2(In)-407.1(1939,)-402.5(M.)]TJ T* [(Usanovich)-228.2(proposed)-235.1(still)-250.6(another)-236.9(t)4.1(heory)-241.9(called)-241.9(t)4.1(he)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 20.3453 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(posi)5(t)5(i)5(ve-negat)5(i)5(v)-1.1(e)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.1305 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-6.1(o)-5.1(ry)-5.1(,)]TJ -27.4758 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(al)5.6(so)-323(devel)5.6(oped)-316.1(i)5.6(n)-329.9(d)0.5(et)5.6(ai)5.6(l)-331.7(b)0.5(y)-323(L)1.3(ong)-323(and)-329.9(B)2.3(oyd.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0009 Tc [(In)-380.1(terms)-381(o)-1.5(f)-375(t)3.6(he)-381(denition)-373.2(t)3.6(hat)-381.8(a)-2.5(n)-373.2(acid)-373.2(i)3.6(s)-381(a)-381(p)-1.5(roton)-380.1(donor)-368.1(and)-373.2(a)-381(base)-367.3(is)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(a)-303.8(p)0(r)5(o)0(t)5.1(o)0(n)-309.8(accept)5.1(o)0(r)5(,)-291.3(hydr)5(ochl)5.1(or)5(i)5.1(c)-303.8(aci)5.1(d,)-298.2(wat)5.1(e)-1(r)5(,)-305.1(and)-302.9(a)-1(mmoni)5.1(a)-303.8(\()5(NH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 532.02 489.4351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 535.56 490.755 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6814 0 TD 0.0031 Tc [(ar)5.7(e)-303.1(aci)5.8(ds)]TJ -26.6985 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(in)-335.5(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-5.1(s)]TJ 10.2485 -1.06 TD 0.0007 Tc (HCl)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.9478 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()6.9()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 447.66 475.095 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 454.86 471.4951 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (Cl)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 471.84 475.095 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 396.48 454.9951 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 402.78 453.675 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 406.32 454.9951 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.0049 0.1445 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()6.9()]TJ 0 -0.296 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 447.66 458.595 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 454.86 454.9951 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 476.22 458.595 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 396.48 438.435 Tm 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 409.08 437.1151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 415.08 439.755 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()6.9()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 447.66 442.035 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 454.86 438.435 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 476.22 437.1151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.8063 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 421.635 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(No)-4.3(te)-301.2(th)-4.3(a)-5.3(t)-302.1(th)-4.3(is)-308.1(d)-4.3(e)-5.3(n)-4.3(itio)-4.3(n)-293.4(i)0.8(s)-308.1(d)-4.3(if)21.4(fe)-5.3(re)-5.3(n)-4.3(t)-302.1(in)-307.2(a)-5.3(t)-302.1(le)-5.3(a)-5.3(s)-5.2(t)-295.2(t)0.8(wo)-307.2(ma)-5.3(jo)-4.3(r)-295.2(r)0.7(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(p)-4.3(e)-5.3(c)-5.3(t)0.8(s)-294.3(fro)-4.3(m)-304.5(t)0.8(h)-4.3(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0012 Tc [(conventional)-347.1(d)-1.2(enition)-366(o)-1.2(f)-367.8(a)-2.2(n)-366(acid)-366(a)-2.2(s)-366.9(a)]TJ 16.3121 0 TD [(substance)-353.1(d)-1.1(issociating)-359(t)4(o)-365.9(g)-1.1(ive)-366.9(H)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 567.48 414.735 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 401.595 Tm -0.0017 Tc [(in)-286.3(wa)-5.1(te)-5.1(r.)-281.7(Th)-4.1(e)-273.5(L)-3.3(o)-4.1(w)-2.4(ry)-4.1(-Brn)-4.1(s)-5(t)1(e)-5.1(d)-279.5(d)-4.1(e)-5.1(n)-4.1(itio)-4.1(n)-279.4(s)-5(ta)-5.1(te)-5.1(s)-280.3(t)1(h)-4.1(a)-5.1(t)-274.3(f)0.9(o)-4.1(r)-288.1(e)-5.1(v)-4.1(e)-5.1(r)0.9(y)-272.6(a)-5.1(c)-5.1(i)1(d)-279.4(t)1(h)-4.1(e)-5.1(re)-280.4(b)-4.1(e)-280.4(a)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(conj)5.4(ugat)5.4(e)-0.7()-303.5(b)0.3(ase,)-311.7(and)-323.2(v)0.3(i)5.4(c)-0.7(e)-324.2(v)0.3(ersa.)-311.7(T)1.1(hus,)-318.6(i)5.4(n)-323.2(t)5.4(he)-324.2(exampl)5.4(es)-317.2(ci)5.4(t)5.4(e)-0.7(d)-323.2(a)-0.7(bove,)-311.7(C)2.1(l)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 565.3199 394.755 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 570.6 391.575 Tm (,)Tj -30.0367 -1.1494 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 321.36 384.735 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 326.58 381.5551 Tm 0.335 Tc [(,a)331.6(n)332.6(d)9.1(N)334.3(H)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 359.76 384.735 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 365.04 381.5551 Tm 0.0015 Tc [(-are)-332.3(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)-332.3(c)-1.9(onj)4.2(ugat)4.2(e)-318.5(bases)-318.4(o)-0.9(f)-333.1(H)0.8(Cl)4.2(,)-333.5(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 489.72 380.235 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 493.26 381.5551 Tm 0.0018 Tc [(O,)-326.4(and)-331(N)1.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 532.74 380.235 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 536.22 381.5551 Tm (.)Tj -24.9503 -1.1494 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Furt)4.4(hermore,)-340.2(si)4.4(nce)-338.9(t)4.4(he)-345.8(equat)4.4(i)4.4(ons)-332(gi)4.4(ven)-338(a)-1.7(bove)-332.1(shoul)4.4(d)-338(m)1.9(ore)-345.8(p)-0.7(roperl)4.4(y)-344.9(b)-0.7(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD -0.0021 Tc [(writte)-5.5(n)]TJ 8.1493 -1.9478 TD 0.0007 Tc (HCl)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.8859 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 411.3 343.215 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 414.84 344.535 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.998 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 456.18 343.215 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 459.72 344.535 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 466.02 348.135 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 473.22 344.535 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (Cl)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 490.2 348.135 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 378.18 328.515 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 384.48 327.195 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 388.02 328.515 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.9429 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 411.3 327.195 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 414.84 328.515 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.998 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 456.18 327.195 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 459.72 328.515 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 466.02 332.1151 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 473.22 328.515 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 494.52 332.1151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 378.18 312.5551 Tm 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 390.78 311.235 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 396.24 312.5551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 411.3 311.235 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 414.84 312.5551 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.998 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 456.18 311.235 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 459.72 312.5551 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 466.02 316.155 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 473.22 312.5551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 494.52 311.235 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.8063 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 295.035 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(It)-339.2(can)-330.6(be)-331.6(seen)-330.6(t)4.9(h)-0.2(at)-332.4(every)-330.6(aci)4.9(d-base)-324.7(react)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-330.6(i)4.9(nvol)4.9(vi)4.9(ng)-337.5(t)4.9(r)4.8(ansfer)-332.4(of)-332.4(a)-338.4(p)-0.2(rot)4.9(o)-0.2(n)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(wi)5.1(l)5.1(l)-366.6(i)5.1(nvol)5.1(ve)-352(t)5.1(w)1.7(o)-364.8(c)-1(onj)5.1(ugat)5.1(e)-352(aci)5.1(d-base)-345.1(pai)5.1(r)5(s,)-353.3(e.g.,)-360.2(i)5.1(n)-364.8(t)5.1(he)-358.9(l)5.1(a)-1(st)-359.7(equat)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-351.1(N)1.7(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 569.22 283.695 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 274.9951 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-247.3(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 329.88 273.675 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 333.42 274.9951 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 339.72 278.175 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 347.28 274.9951 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(ar)5.5(e)-255.1(t)5.6(he)-255.1(aci)5.6(ds)-248.2(and)-254.2(N)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 420.72 273.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 431.76 274.9951 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-254.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 452.94 273.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 456.48 274.9951 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(O)-252.8(t)5.3(he)-262.3(respect)5.3(i)5.3(v)0.2(e)-241.7(c)-0.8(onj)5.3(ugat)5.3(e)-248.6(bases.)]TJ -16.9455 -1.1494 TD -0.0022 Tc [(On)-335(th)-4.6(e)-336(o)-4.6(th)-4.6(e)-5.6(r)-329.9(h)-4.6(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-4.6(,)-323.5(in)-335(th)-4.6(e)-336(r)0.4(e)-5.6(a)-5.6(c)-5.6(tio)-4.6(n)]TJ 8.3695 -2.0098 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 394.32 246.1351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 399.78 247.4551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 414.84 246.1351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 418.38 247.4551 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.998 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2318 Tc [()-9.3()11.3()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 466.02 251.1751 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.0227 TD (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 473.22 247.4551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 494.52 251.0551 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 229.9351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 315.06 228.6151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.6 229.9351 Tm 0.5169 Tc [(Oa)513.5(n)514.5(d)5.1(N)516.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 359.1 228.6151 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 372.42 229.9351 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(ar)5.5(e)-509.8(t)5.6(he)-516.7(aci)5.6(ds)-509.7(and)-508.9(N)2.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.86 228.6151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 462.9 229.9351 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-508.9(O)2.2(H)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 492.6 233.1151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 502.32 229.9351 Tm 0.0034 Tc [(t)6.1(h)1(e)-516.2(b)1(ases.)-496.8(I)6(n)-515.3(o)1(t)6.1(h)1(er)]TJ -22.204 -1.1425 TD -0.0005 Tc [(re)-3.9(a)-3.9(c)-3.9(tions)-3.8(,)-321.8(e)-3.9(.g.,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 2.7118 -1.941 TD 0.0027 Tc (Base)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 349.44 201.7351 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F3 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 377.46 203.0551 Tm -0.0001 Tc (Acid)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 393.48 201.7351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F3 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 447.9 203.0551 Tm -0.0001 Tc (Acid)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 463.92 201.7351 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F3 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 494.04 203.0551 Tm 0.0027 Tc (Base)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 511.08 201.7351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 332.4 192.9751 Tm (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 338.22 191.6551 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 341.76 192.9751 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 348.06 191.6551 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 351.6 192.9751 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 357.9 191.6551 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7277 TD ()Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 368.7 192.9751 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 383.76 191.6551 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 387.3 192.9751 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.9783 0.1445 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.296 TD -0.2318 Tc [()-9.3()11.4()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0.0007 Tc (HC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 460.02 191.6551 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 463.56 192.9751 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 469.86 191.6551 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 473.4 192.9751 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 479.7 191.6551 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 485.22 192.9751 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 506.58 196.5151 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 332.4 182.6551 Tm 0.0007 Tc (HCO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 350.76 181.3351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.59 0.7375 TD ()Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 368.7 182.6551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (HCO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 395.88 181.3351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD ()Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 421.98 183.9751 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2318 Tc [()-9.3()11.4()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.2 181.3351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 457.74 182.6551 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 469.86 181.3351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 485.22 182.6551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 506.1 181.3351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.59 0.7375 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7768 0 TD (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 332.4 172.3351 Tm (N)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 338.7 171.0151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 342.24 172.3351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 348.54 171.0151 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 368.7 172.3351 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (N)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 383.76 171.0151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 387.3 172.3351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 393.6 171.0151 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 397.14 172.3351 Tm (+)Tj 2.8495 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2318 Tc [()-9.3()11.4()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (N)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.2 171.0151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 457.74 172.3351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 464.04 171.0151 Tm (6)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7768 0 TD (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 485.22 172.3351 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD (N)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 500.34 171.0151 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 503.88 172.3351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 510.18 171.0151 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 332.4 161.6551 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 338.7 160.3351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 342.24 161.6551 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.0353 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD -0.0018 Tc (Cr\(H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 395.4 159.735 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 398.94 161.6551 Tm 0.0007 Tc (O\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 408.12 159.735 Tm 0 Tc (6)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.826 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7768 0 TD (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 421.98 162.9751 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2318 Tc [()-9.3()11.4()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (N)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.2 160.3351 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 457.74 161.6551 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 464.04 165.1951 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 485.22 161.6551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD -0.0018 Tc (Cr\(H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 511.92 159.735 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 515.46 161.6551 Tm 0.0007 Tc (O\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 524.7 159.735 Tm 0 Tc (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 528.24 161.6551 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 540.84 165.1951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 144.735 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-385.9(c)-0.5(onj)5.6(ugat)5.6(e)-372.1(aci)5.6(ds)-379(and)-378.1(b)0.5(ases)-372.1(ar)5.5(e)-385.9(a)-0.5(s)-379(i)5.6(ndi)5.6(cat)5.6(ed.)-373.4(T)1.3(he)-379(t)5.6(h)0.5(eor)5.5(y)-385(i)5.6(s)-385.9(not)-379.8(l)5.6(i)5.6(m)3.2(i)5.6(t)5.6(e)-0.5(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(t)4.8(o)-564.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-565.7(a)-1.3(queous)-545(sol)4.8(u)-0.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(on;)-559.6(for)-559.7(e)-1.3(xampl)4.8(e)-1.3(,)-553.2(t)4.8(he)-558.8(fol)4.8(l)4.8(o)-0.3(wi)4.8(ng)-571.6(react)4.8(i)4.8(ons)-551.8(can)-557.8(be)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(consi)5.5(d)0.4(er)5.4(ed)-316.2(i)5.5(n)-330(exact)5.5(l)5.5(y)-323.1(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-331(s)-0.5(ame)-324.1(l)5.5(i)5.5(ght)5.5(:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 4.584 -1.9341 TD (Base)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 366.24 106.515 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F3 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 397.08 107.8351 Tm -0.0001 Tc (Acid)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 414 106.515 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F3 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 450.84 107.8351 Tm -0.0001 Tc (Acid)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 467.76 106.515 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F3 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 508.02 107.8351 Tm 0.0027 Tc (Base)Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 525.54 106.515 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 348.72 97.6951 Tm 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 361.26 96.3751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 388.32 97.6951 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (HCl)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.1936 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0.0007 Tc (NH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 463.38 96.3751 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.59 0.7375 TD (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.2 97.6951 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (Cl)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 516.24 101.295 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 348.72 87.855 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 360.78 86.5351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 364.38 87.855 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 376.44 86.5351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 380.04 87.855 Tm (H)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.9498 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (HF)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.1937 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 462.9 86.5351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 466.5 87.855 Tm 0.0006 Tc (CO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 478.56 86.5351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 482.16 87.855 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 488.4 86.5351 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.59 0.7375 TD (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.2 87.855 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD (F)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 512.88 91.1551 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 348.72 78.855 Tm 0.0007 Tc (HF)Tj /F5 1 Tf 4.5426 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD -0.001 Tc (HClO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 417.9 77.5351 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 424.92 80.175 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 457.14 77.5351 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 460.68 78.855 Tm (F)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 465.48 82.1551 Tm (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.2 78.855 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD -0.0011 Tc (ClO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 522.54 77.5351 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 348.72 68.7151 Tm -0.001 Tc (\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 363.72 66.855 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 367.26 68.7151 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 370.14 66.855 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 373.74 68.7151 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6725 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (HI)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.1937 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD -0.001 Tc (\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 465.84 66.855 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 469.38 68.7151 Tm (\))Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 472.26 66.855 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 475.8 68.7151 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 488.4 72.3151 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.2 68.7151 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD (I)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 510.9 72.015 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 348.72 58.7551 Tm (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 354.54 57.4351 Tm (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 358.08 58.7551 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 364.38 57.4351 Tm (6)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 388.32 58.7551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0011 Tc (HSO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 414.54 57.4351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 418.08 58.7551 Tm (F)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.7846 0.1514 TD -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.9734 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 456.66 57.4351 Tm (6)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 460.2 58.7551 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 466.5 57.4351 Tm (7)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.2 58.7551 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0118 0 TD 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 519.18 57.4351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 522.72 58.7551 Tm (F)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 527.58 62.0551 Tm ()Tj ET endstream endobj 54 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 55 0 obj > endobj 56 0 obj > stream BT /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 38.76 771.135 Tm 0 g /GS1 gs 0.0029 Tc 0 Tw 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739.875 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 216 741.1951 Tm (H)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 222.3 744.915 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.0325 TD (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 227.52 741.1951 Tm 0.5415 Tc (,N)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 240.72 739.875 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 244.26 741.1951 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 250.56 739.875 Tm (6)Tj 0.5802 0.7375 TD (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 262.38 741.1951 Tm 0.5346 Tc [(,N)533.9(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 281.82 739.875 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 290.64 741.1951 Tm (,)Tj -30.0367 -1.1494 TD -0.001 Tc (\(CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 43.8 729.855 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 47.34 731.175 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 50.58 729.855 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 54.18 731.175 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 66.78 734.355 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 72 731.175 Tm 0.0028 Tc 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[(any)-426.2(s)-0.3(ubst)5.7(a)-0.4(nce)-406.5(w)2.3(i)5.7(t)5.7(h)-439.9(a)-427.1(f)5.6(r)5.6(e)-0.4(e)-434(p)0.6(ai)5.7(r)-421.1(o)0.6(f)-428(e)-0.4(l)5.7(ect)5.7(r)5.6(ons)-427.1(t)5.7(h)0.6(at)-427.9(i)5.7(t)-427.9(i)5.7(s)-433.9(capabl)5.7(e)-420.2(of)-421.1(shar)5.6(i)5.7(n)0.6(g)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(wi)5.5(t)5.5(h)-288.7(an)-288.7(el)5.5(ect)5.5(r)5.4(o)0.4(n)-281.8(p)0.4(ai)5.5(r)-283.6(accept)5.5(o)0.4(r)5.4(,)-270.3(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-281.8(i)5.5(s)-289.6(cal)5.5(l)5.5(e)-0.6(d)-281.8(a)-0.6(n)-288.7(aci)5.5(d.)-277.2(For)-283.7(e)-0.6(xampl)5.5(e)-0.6(,)-277.2(i)5.5(n)-288.7(t)5.5(he)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(r)5.5(eact)5.6(i)5.6(on:)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 6.8415 -1.232 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 97.5 679.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 101.04 680.475 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 107.34 679.155 Tm (5)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 110.88 680.475 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 114.12 679.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 117.66 680.475 Tm 0.2829 Tc (O:)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.5555 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (BF)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 148.68 679.155 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 154.68 680.475 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 190.08 679.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 193.62 680.475 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 199.92 679.155 Tm (5)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 203.46 680.475 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 206.7 679.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 210.24 680.475 Tm -0.0002 Tc (O:BF)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 229.62 679.155 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 663.735 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-276.2(e)-0.9(t)5.2(hyl)-277(et)5.2(her)-270.2(m)2.8(ol)5.2(ecul)5.2(e)-269.3(i)5.2(s)-283(cal)5.2(l)5.2(e)-0.9(d)-275.3(a)-276.2(base,)-270.6(t)5.2(he)-276.2(boron)-275.3(t)5.2(r)5.1(i)5.2()1(uroi)5.2(de,)-277.5(a)-0.9(n)-275.3(aci)5.2(d.)-270.6(The)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.002 Tc [(c)-5.4(o)-4.4(mp)-4.4(le)-5.4(x)-327.9(i)0.7(s)-335.7(c)-5.4(a)-5.4(lle)-5.4(d)-334.8(a)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 8.273 0 TD 0.0004 Tc [(Lewis)-298.9(s)-2.9(alt)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.0815 0 TD 0.3282 Tc [(,o)325.8(r)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 1.7482 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(addition)-290.3(c)-2.2(ompound)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.8119 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj -20.7721 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Aci)5.3(d)0.2(s)-544.5(a)-0.8(re)-551.4(cl)5.3(assi)5.3(ed)-536.7(a)-0.8(s)-551.3(m)2.9(onobasi)5.3(c,)-532(di)5.3(basi)5.3(c,)-538.9(t)5.3(r)5.2(i)5.3(b)0.2(asi)5.3(c)-0.8(,)-552.7(pol)5.3(ybasi)5.3(c,)-532(et)5.3(c.,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(accor)5.3(d)0.3(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)-275.1(t)5.4(o)-288.8(t)5.4(he)-289.8(number)-270(\()5.3(one,)-284.2(t)5.4(wo,)-284.2(t)5.4(hr)5.3(ee,)-284.2(sever)5.3(a)-0.7(l)5.4(,)-277.3(et)5.4(c.)4.9(\))-283.7(o)0.3(f)-283.7(hydr)5.3(ogen)-275.1(a)-0.7(t)5.4(o)0.3(ms,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(r)5.5(e)-0.5(pl)5.6(aceabl)5.6(e)-337.7(by)-357.4(bases,)-332.1(cont)5.6(ai)5.6(ned)-343.7(i)5.6(n)-357.4(a)-358.4(mol)5.6(ecul)5.6(e)-0.5(.)-339(T)1.3(hey)-350.6(a)-0.5(r)5.5(e)-351.5(f)5.5(u)0.5(r)5.5(t)5.6(her)-352.4(c)-0.5(l)5.6(a)-0.5(ssi)5.6(ed)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(as)-338.4(\(1\))-332.4(o)-0.2(r)25.5(g)-0.2(ani)4.9(c)-1.2(,)-332.8(w)1.5(hen)-337.5(t)4.9(he)-338.4(mol)4.9(ecul)4.9(e)-338.4(cont)4.9(ai)4.9(ns)-331.5(carbon;)-325.5(\(1a\))-339.3(carboxyl)4.9(i)4.9(c)-1.2(,)-326(w)1.5(hen)]TJ T* 0.0008 Tc [(t)3.5(h)-1.6(e)-333(p)-1.6(rot)3.5(o)-1.6(n)-332(i)3.5(s)-339.8(from)-336.2(a)-92.1()-86.7(C)0.2(OOH)-337.1(group;)-326.9(\(2\))-333.8(normal)3.5(,)-327.4(i)3.5(f)-340.7(t)3.5(h)-1.6(ey)-332(are)-333(d)-1.6(eri)3.5(v)-1.6(ed)-332(from)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(phosphorus)-283.1(or)-290.9(arseni)5.1(c,)-291.3(and)-289.1(c)-1(ont)5.1(ai)5.1(n)-296(t)5.1(hr)]TJ 15.5274 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(ee)-297.5(hydroxyl)-284.6(groups:)-291.5(\()4.4(3\))-332.8(ort)4.5(ho,)-291.9(met)4.5(a)-1.6(,)]TJ -15.5274 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(or)-476.5(par)5.3(a)-0.7(,)-476.9(accor)5.3(d)0.3(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)-474.7(t)5.4(o)-481.5(t)5.4(he)-482.5(l)5.4(o)0.3(cat)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-481.5(o)0.3(f)-476.5(t)5.4(he)-482.5(car)5.3(boxyl)-469.5(gr)5.3(oup)-474.7(i)5.4(n)-488.4(r)5.3(e)-0.7(l)5.4(a)-0.7(t)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)-481.5(t)5.4(o)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0012 Tc [(another)-491.7(s)-2.1(ubstituent)-491.7(i)3.9(n)-503.7(a)-504.6(cyclic)-497.7(compound;)-484.8(or)-498.6(\(4\))-333.4(o)-1.2(rtho,)-499(meta,)-499(o)-1.2(r)-505.5(pyro,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0011 Tc [(according)-317.9(t)3.8(o)-338.6(t)3.8(heir)-326.6(composition.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.4179 TD 0.0028 Tc [(Superaci)5.5(ds)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.4669 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(.)-478.8(A)0.1(lthough)-545.4(mentioned)-545.4(i)3.5(n)-552.3(t)3.5(he)-553.2(literature)-560.1(as)-546.3(early)-552.3(as)-546.3(1927,)]TJ -5.6094 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(superaci)4.8(ds)-310.9(were)-331.7(not)-325.6(i)4.8(nvest)4.8(i)4.8(g)-0.3(at)4.8(ed)-316.9(aggressi)4.8(vel)4.8(y)-316.9(unt)4.8(i)4.8(l)-325.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-331.7(1970s.)-319.2(P)0.6(ri)4.8(or)-325.6(t)4.8(o)-337.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(p)-5.1(t)-426.7(o)-5.1(f)-447.5(s)-6(u)-5.1(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(ra)-6.1(c)-6.1(i)0(d)-5.1(s)-6(,)-420.3(s)-6(c)-6.1(i)0(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(tis)-6(ts)-446.5(g)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(ra)-6.1(lly)-438.8(re)-6.1(g)-5.1(a)-6.1(rd)-5.1(e)-6.1(d)-431.9(th)-5.1(e)-446.6(f)-0.1(a)-6.1(m)-2.4(ilia)-6.1(r)-447.5(m)-2.5(in)-5.1(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(a)-6.1(l)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.002 Tc [(aci)4.7(ds)-269.7(\()4.6(H)1.3(F,)-271.1(HNO)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 86.64 520.215 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 90.18 521.535 Tm 0.28 Tc (,H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 101.1 520.215 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 104.64 521.535 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 115.8 520.215 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 119.28 521.535 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(,)-277.4(e)-0.8(t)5.3(c)-0.8(.\))-270.1(as)-269.1(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-276.1(s)-0.7(t)5.3(r)5.2(ongest)-263.1(aci)5.3(ds)-269.1(at)5.3(t)5.3(a)-0.8(i)5.3(n)0.2(abl)5.3(e)-0.8(.)-263.6(R)2(el)5.3(at)5.3(i)5.3(v)0.2(el)5.3(y)]TJ -10.3793 -1.1425 TD 0.0006 Tc [(recently,)-327.6(acidities)-326.2(u)-1.8(p)-332.2(t)3.3(o)-339.1(1)-1.8(0)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 124.02 514.6951 Tm 0.0015 Tc (12)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 133.44 511.575 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(time)-5.6(s)-342.8(th)-4.6(a)-5.6(t)-329.9(o)-4.6(f)-329.9(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 187.68 510.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 191.22 511.575 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 202.38 510.255 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 208.86 511.575 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(have)-317.5(been)-323.4(produced.)]TJ -19.5128 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(In)-750.6(very)-743.7(hi)4.8(ghl)4.8(y)-750.6(c)-1.3(oncent)4.8(r)4.7(at)4.8(ed)-729.9(aci)4.8(d)-743.7(s)-1.2(ol)4.8(ut)4.8(i)4.8(ons,)-745.9(t)4.8(he)-744.6(commonl)4.8(y)-743.7(u)-0.3(sed)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(measur)5.3(ement)-627.8(o)0.3(f)-641.7(p)0.3(H)-645(i)5.4(s)-647.6(not)-641.6(appl)5.4(i)5.4(cabl)5.4(e)-0.7(.)-628.3(S)1.2(ee)-640.8(al)5.4(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 21.6187 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(pH)-645.2(\(Hydr)18.8(ogen)-633.2(I)-1.8(on)]TJ -21.6187 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Concent)4.7(r)-1.3(at)4.7(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.5111 0 TD [(.)-539.5(R)1.4(at)4.7(her,)-553.3(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-552(aci)4.7(di)4.7(t)4.7(y)-557.9(must)-545.9(be)-552(rel)4.7(a)-1.4(t)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-557.9(t)4.7(o)-557.9(t)4.7(he)-552(degree)-545.1(of)]TJ -6.5111 -1.1426 TD -0.0023 Tc [(tra)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(f)0.3(o)-4.7(r)0.3(ma)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-403.9(o)-4.7(f)-398.9(a)-404.9(b)-4.7(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(e)-398(with)-403.9(its)-411.7(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(j)0.4(u)-4.7(g)-4.7(a)-5.7(te)-391.1(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(d)-4.7(.)-399.3(In)-403.9(th)-4.7(e)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 23.539 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Ha)-3.7(mme)-4.7(tt)-356.5(a)-3.7(c)-4.7(id)-3.7(ity)]TJ -23.539 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(fu)-5.1(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.2831 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(,)-325.9(d)-0.1(evel)5(oped)-316.7(b)-0.1(y)-323.6(H)1.6(ammet)5(t)-325.4(and)-330.5(D)1.6(eyrup)-323.6(i)5(n)-330.5(1932,)]TJ 6.8967 -2.5329 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 123.78 438.195 Tm (0)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 129.78 439.515 Tm (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (pK)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 149.64 437.235 Tm 0.0016 Tc (BH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 158.1 439.575 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 164.46 439.515 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(lo)-5.1(g)]TJ 1.411 0.6952 TD 0.0006 Tc (BH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 197.64 448.935 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj ET q 17.4 0 0 -0.42 185.514 441.8611 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 191.28 433.2751 Tm (B)Tj -18.6387 -1.5968 TD 0.0013 Tc [(where)-256.7(pkBH)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 73.26 422.475 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 80.7 419.355 Tm -0.0023 Tc [(is)-260.3(th)-4.7(e)-267.2(d)-4.7(is)-5.6(s)-5.6(o)-4.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(a)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-245.6(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(ta)-5.7(n)-4.7(t)-247.4(o)-4.7(f)-261.2(th)-4.7(e)-260.3(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(j)0.4(u)-4.7(g)-4.7(a)-5.7(te)-253.5(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(d)-252.5(\()0.3(BH)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 267.24 422.475 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 272.52 419.355 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.2593 Tc [(,a)255.9(n)256.9(d)]TJ -28.3297 -1.1494 TD 0.0006 Tc (BH)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 40.92 412.515 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 46.14 409.3351 Tm -0.0023 Tc [(/B)-326.4(is)-329.1(th)-4.7(e)-322.3(i)0.4(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(i)0.4(z)-5.7(a)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-321.3(r)0.3(a)-5.7(tio)-4.7(,)-323.6(m)-2(e)-5.7(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(u)-4.7(r)0.3(a)-5.7(b)-4.7(le)-315.4(b)-4.7(y)-321.3(s)-5.6(p)-4.7(e)-5.7(c)-5.7(t)0.4(ro)-4.7(s)-5.6(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(p)-4.7(i)0.4(c)-301.6(m)-2(e)-5.7(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-315.3(\()0.3(UV)-326.5(o)-4.7(r)]TJ -1.9891 -1.1426 TD -0.0018 Tc [(NMR\).)-495.1(I)0.8(n)-492.9(t)0.9(h)-4.2(e)-493.9(Ha)-5.2(mme)-5.2(tt)-487.8(a)-5.2(c)-5.2(i)0.9(d)-4.2(ity)-486(fu)-4.2(n)-4.2(c)-5.2(tio)-4.2(n)-4.2(,)-488.3(a)-5.2(c)-5.2(i)0.9(d)-4.2(ity)-492.9(is)-493.8(a)-493.9(l)0.9(o)-4.2(g)-4.2(a)-5.2(rith)-4.2(mic)-493.9(s)-5.1(c)-5.2(a)-5.2(l)0.9(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(wher)5.4(ei)5.5(n)-323.1(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 66.06 388.035 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 69.6 389.355 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 80.76 388.035 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 87.24 389.355 Tm 0.002 Tc [(\(100%\))-325.7(h)-0.4(as)-324.8(an)-330.8(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 148.26 388.035 Tm 0 Tc (0)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 154.68 389.355 Tm 0.0024 Tc (of)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.1632 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(11.9;)-332.5(and)-323.8(H)1.4(F,)-326.1(an)-330.7(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 241.38 388.035 Tm 0 Tc (0)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 247.86 389.355 Tm 0.0024 Tc (of)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.1632 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7777 0 TD 0.0015 Tc (11.0.)Tj -25.9276 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(As)-434.8(poi)4.8(nt)4.8(ed)-427.1(out)-435.7(by)-323.8(Ol)4.8(ah)-440.8(et)-325.6(al)4.8(.)-436.2(\()4.7(1979\),)-429.3()-1.3(The)-428(aci)4.8(di)4.8(t)4.8(y)-434(of)-435.8(a)-434.9(s)-1.2(ul)4.8(furi)4.8(c)-434.9(aci)4.8(d)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(s)-6(o)-5.1(lu)-5.1(tio)-5.1(n)-603.9(c)-6.1(a)-6.1(n)-603.9(b)-5.1(e)-611.8(in)-5.1(c)-6.1(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(s)-6(e)-6.1(d)-597.1(b)-5.1(y)-603.9(th)-5.1(e)-611.8(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(d)-5.1(itio)-5.1(n)-603.9(o)-5.1(f)-612.6(s)-6(o)-5.1(l)0(u)-5.1(t)0(e)-6.1(s)-597.9(th)-5.1(a)-6.1(t)-605.7(b)-5.1(e)-6.1(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(v)-5.1(e)-598(a)-6.1(s)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0015 Tc [(a)-4.9(c)-4.9(i)1.2(d)-3.9(s)-493.5(in)-506.4(th)-3.9(e)-507.3(s)-4.8(y)-3.9(s)-4.8(te)-4.9(m:)-494.4(HA)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 10.7853 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 137.82 358.095 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 141.42 359.415 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 152.52 358.095 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 158.52 360.735 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2335 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 191.1 358.095 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 194.7 359.415 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 205.8 358.095 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD (+)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 216.54 359.415 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (A)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 231.6 362.955 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 236.82 359.415 Tm 0.003 Tc [(.)-504.1(T)1.4(hese)-489.1(sol)5.7(u)0.6(t)5.7(e)-0.4(s)]TJ -23.8628 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(i)5.6(n)0.5(cr)5.5(ease)-406.6(t)5.6(he)-413.4(concent)5.6(r)5.5(at)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-398.7(o)0.5(f)-414.3(t)5.6(he)-413.4(hi)5.6(ghl)5.6(y)-412.5(aci)5.6(di)5.6(c)-406.6(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 208.2 348.075 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 211.74 349.395 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 222.9 348.075 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 230.1 349.395 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(cat)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-405.6(j)5.6(ust)-414.3(a)-0.5(s)-413.4(t)5.6(he)]TJ -23.0919 -1.1426 TD 0.0013 Tc [(addition)-414.1(o)-1.1(f)-415.9(a)-2.1(n)-421(acid)-414.1(t)4(o)-421(w)0.6(ater)-415.9(increases)-401.2(the)-421.9(c)-2.1(oncentration)-407.2(o)-1.1(f)-415.9(t)4(he)-421.9(oxonium)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(on.)-628.6(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 53.94 328.155 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 57.48 329.475 Tm (O)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 63.78 332.595 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 69.06 329.475 Tm 0.0017 Tc [(.)-629.3(F)0.2(umi)4.4(n)-0.7(g)-627.1(s)-1.6(ul)4.4(furi)4.4(c)-634.9(aci)4.4(d)-627.1(\()4.3(ol)4.4(eum\))-628.9(cont)4.4(ai)4.4(ns)-621.1(a)-634.9(s)-1.6(eri)4.4(e)-1.7(s)-628(o)-0.7(f)-628.9(s)-1.6(uch)]TJ -4.6184 -1.1494 TD 0.002 Tc [(aci)4.7(ds,)-525.8(t)4.7(he)-538.2(pol)4.7(ysul)4.7(furi)4.7(c)-531.4(aci)4.7(ds,)-525.8(t)4.7(he)-531.4(si)4.7(mpl)4.7(e)-1.4(st)-532.2(of)-532.2(whi)4.7(c)-1.4(h)-530.4(i)4.7(s)-538.2(d)-0.4(i)4.7(s)-1.3(ul)4.7(furi)4.7(c)-538.2(aci)4.7(d,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 35.1 308.175 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 38.64 309.495 Tm (S)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 43.5 308.175 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 47.04 309.495 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 53.34 308.175 Tm (7)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 56.88 309.495 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(,)-580.6(w)1.5(hi)4.9(ch)-578.4(i)4.9(oni)4.9(zes)-572.4(as)-572.4(a)-579.3(m)2.5(oderat)4.9(e)-1.2(l)4.9(y)-571.5(st)4.9(rong)-578.4(aci)4.9(d)-578.4(i)4.9(n)-578.4(s)-1.1(ul)4.9(furi)4.9(c)-586.2(aci)4.9(d:)]TJ -3.2212 -1.1494 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 35.1 298.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 38.64 299.475 Tm (S)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 43.5 298.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 47.04 299.475 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 53.34 298.155 Tm (7)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 58.8 299.475 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 73.86 298.155 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 77.4 299.475 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 88.56 298.155 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 94.5 300.795 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ 0 -0.3028 TD -0.2318 Tc [()-9.3()11.4()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.0216 0.1514 TD 0 Tc (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 127.14 298.155 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 130.68 299.475 Tm 0.0015 Tc (SO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 141.84 298.155 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD ()Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 152.58 299.475 Tm (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (HS)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 172.44 298.155 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 175.98 299.475 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 182.28 298.155 Tm (7)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5802 0.7375 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 191.1 299.475 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(.)-498.3(H)1.2(i)4.6(gher)-491(pol)4.6(ysul)4.6(furi)4.6(c)-497(aci)4.6(ds,)]TJ -18.6181 -1.1426 TD 0.0032 Tc [(such)-288.3(as)-289.2(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 63.54 288.195 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 67.08 289.515 Tm (S)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 71.94 288.195 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 75.48 289.515 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 81.78 288.195 Tm 0.0015 Tc (10)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 90.96 289.515 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-295.5(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 112.5 288.195 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 116.04 289.515 Tm (S)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 120.9 288.195 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 124.44 289.515 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 130.74 288.195 Tm 0.0015 Tc (13)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 137.34 289.515 Tm 0.0028 Tc [(,)-290.9(a)-0.6(l)5.5(s)-0.5(o)-295.6(b)0.4(ehave)-282.8(a)-0.6(s)-289.6(aci)5.5(ds)-289.6(and)-288.7(a)-0.6(ppear)-283.6(somewhat)]TJ -12.451 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(st)5(ronger)-325.4(t)5(han)-323.6(H)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 84.48 278.175 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 88.02 279.4951 Tm (S)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 92.88 278.175 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 96.42 279.4951 Tm (O)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 102.72 278.175 Tm (7)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 106.26 279.4951 Tm -0.0022 Tc (.)Tj -7.7432 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Hul)5.3(l)-325.1(and)-323.3(C)2(onant)-311.3(i)5.3(n)-330.2(1927)-316.4(showed)-309.6(t)5.3(h)0.2(at)-325.1(weak)-316.4(or)25.9(gani)5.3(c)-324.3(b)0.2(ases)-310.4(\(ket)5.3(ones)-317.3(a)-0.8(nd)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(al)4.8(dehydes\))-428.9(wi)4.8(l)4.8(l)-463.2(form)-451.9(sal)4.8(t)4.8(s)-455.5(wi)4.8(t)4.8(h)-454.6(perchl)4.8(ori)4.8(c)-448.7(aci)4.8(d)-447.7(i)4.8(n)-454.6(nonaqueous)-434.8(sol)4.8(v)-0.3(ent)4.8(s)-1.2(.)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0002 Tc [(This)-374.8(results)-374.8(from)-371.2(t)2.9(he)-374.8(ability)-380.8(of)-375.7(perchl)]TJ 15.6995 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(oric)-366.7(acid)-372.6(i)4.2(n)-372.6(nonaqueous)-352.8(systems)-359.7(t)4.2(o)]TJ -15.6995 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(prot)5.3(onat)5.3(e)-289.9(t)5.3(h)0.2(ese)-289.9(w)1.9(eak)-288.9(bases.)-277.4(These)-289.9(earl)5.3(y)-295.8(i)5.3(nvest)5.3(i)5.3(g)0.2(at)5.3(ors)-289.8(cal)5.3(l)5.3(e)-0.8(d)-288.9(s)-0.7(uch)-288.9(a)-296.7(syst)5.3(em)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0009 Tc [(a)-360.4(s)-2.4(uperacid.)-347.9(Some)-353.5(authorities)-360.3(b)-1.5(elieve)]TJ 15.727 0 TD [(that)-354.3(any)-359.4(p)-1.5(rotic)-360.4(acid)-359.4(t)3.6(hat)-361.2(i)3.6(s)-360.3(s)-2.4(tronger)]TJ -15.727 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(t)5.1(h)0(an)-468.1(sul)5.1(f)5(uri)5.1(c)-475.9(aci)5.1(d)-461.2(\()5(100%\))-469.9(s)-0.9(houl)5.1(d)-461.2(b)0(e)-469(t)5.1(yped)-468.1(a)-1(s)-468.9(a)-469(superaci)5.1(d.)-456.5(Based)-461.2(upon)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0011 Tc [(t)3.8(h)-1.3(i)3.8(s)-256.9(cri)3.8(t)3.8(e)-2.3(ri)3.8(on,)-258.2(uorosul)3.8(furi)3.8(c)-250.1(aci)3.8(d)-249.1(a)-2.3(nd)]TJ 14.9149 0 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6()0.4(uoro-met)4.6(h)-0.5(anesul)4.6(foni)4.6(c)-242.4(aci)4.6(d,)-250.5(among)]TJ -14.9149 -1.1494 TD -0.002 Tc [(o)-4.4(t)0.7(h)-4.4(e)-5.4(rs)-5.3(,)-254.4(a)-5.4(re)-253.2(s)-5.3(o)-259.1(c)-5.4(l)0.7(a)-5.4(s)-5.3(s)-5.3(i)0.7(e)-5.4(d)-4.4(.)-240.7(Ac)-5.4(id)-4.4(ic)-260(o)-4.4(x)-4.4(i)0.7(d)-4.4(e)-5.4(s)-253.1(\()0.6(s)-5.3(ilic)-5.4(a)-260(a)-5.4(n)-4.4(d)-252.2(s)-5.3(ilic)-5.4(a)-5.4(-)0.6(a)-5.4(l)0.7(u)-4.4(m)-1.7(in)-4.4(a)-5.4(\))-254(h)-4.4(a)-5.4(v)-4.4(e)-253.2(b)-4.4(e)-5.4(e)-5.4(n)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0032 Tc [(used)-267.7(as)-275.4(sol)5.9(i)5.9(d)-281.4(aci)5.9(d)-274.6(cat)5.9(al)5.9(yst)5.9(s)-268.5(f)5.8(o)0.8(r)-276.4(m)3.5(any)-274.6(y)0.8(ear)5.8(s.)-269.9(W)45.6(i)5.9(t)5.9(h)0.8(i)5.9(n)-288.3(t)5.9(h)0.8(e)-275.5(l)5.9(ast)-276.3(f)5.8(ew)-279.7(year)5.8(s,)-269.9(sol)5.9(i)5.9(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(aci)5.2(d)-275.3(s)-0.8(yst)5.2(e)-0.9(ms)-262.4(of)-277.1(consi)5.2(d)0.1(erabl)5.2(y)-261.5(great)5.2(er)-270.2(st)5.2(rengt)5.2(h)-275.3(h)0.1(ave)-262.4(b)0.1(een)-268.4(devel)5.2(oped)-261.5(a)-0.9(nd)-275.3(can)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.003 Tc [(be)-330.8(cl)5.7(assi)5.7(ed)-316(a)-0.4(s)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 6.4973 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(sol)5.6(i)5.6(d)-295.5(superaci)5.6(ds)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.6005 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj -11.9553 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Superaci)4.6(ds)-228.5(have)-235.5(found)-241.4(a)-242.4(number)-229.5(o)-0.5(f)-243.3(p)-0.5(r)]TJ 15.2453 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(act)5.4(i)5.4(cal)-228.6(uses.)-236(F)1.2(l)5.4(uoroant)5.4(i)5.4(m)3(oni)5.4(c)-234.7(aci)5.4(d,)]TJ -16.3878 -1.1494 TD -0.0018 Tc [(s)-5.1(o)-4.2(me)-5.2(time)-5.2(s)-335.5(c)-5.2(a)-5.2(lle)-5.2(d)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 7.3508 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Magi)5(c)-297(A)0.7(ci)5(d)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.694 0 TD 0.0031 Tc [(,)-331.9(i)5.8(s)-344.4(p)0.7(ar)5.7(t)5.8(i)5.8(c)-0.3(ul)5.8(ar)5.7(l)5.8(y)-336.6(ef)26.4(f)5.7(ect)5.8(i)5.8(v)0.7(e)-337.5(i)5.8(n)-343.5(p)0.7(r)5.7(e)-0.3(par)5.7(i)5.8(ng)-329.7(st)5.8(abl)5.8(e)-0.3(,)]TJ -12.0448 -1.1425 TD 0.003 Tc [(l)5.7(ong-)5.6(l)5.7(i)5.7(v)0.6(ed)-302.3(car)5.6(bocat)5.7(i)5.7(ons.)-290.7(S)1.5(uch)-295.4(s)-0.3(ubst)5.7(a)-0.4(nces)-289.4(ar)5.6(e)-303.2(t)5.7(oo)-309.2(r)5.6(eact)5.7(i)5.7(v)0.6(e)-303.2(t)5.7(o)-309.2(e)-0.4(xi)5.7(st)-297.2(as)-303.2(st)5.7(abl)5.7(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(speci)5.2(es)-324.3(i)5.2(n)-337.2(l)5.2(e)-0.9(ss)-324.3(aci)5.2(di)5.2(c)-331.3(s)-0.8(ol)5.2(vent)5.2(s.)-325.7(These)-324.4(aci)5.2(ds)-324.3(permi)5.2(t)-338.9(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-331.3(p)0.1(rot)5.2(onat)5.2(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-330.3(o)0.1(f)-332.1(v)0.1(ery)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(weak)-357.8(bases.)-353.2(For)-359.7(e)-0.9(xampl)5.2(e)-0.9(,)-353.2(s)-0.8(uperaci)5.2(ds,)-346.3(s)-0.8(uch)-357.8(a)-0.9(s)-358.7(M)3.6(agi)5.2(c)-365.7(Aci)5.2(d)0.1(,)-360.1(can)-357.8(prot)5.2(onat)5.2(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(sat)4.8(u)-0.3(rat)4.8(e)-1.3(d)-544.1(hydrocarbons)-524.3(\(al)4.8(k)-0.3(anes\))-539(a)-1.3(nd)-544.1(t)4.8(hus)-545(can)-544.1(pl)4.8(ay)-544.1(an)-544.1(i)4.8(m)2.4(port)4.8(a)-1.3(nt)-545.8(rol)4.8(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(i)4.7(n)-427.2(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-428.1(c)-1.4(hemi)4.7(cal)-415.2(t)4.7(r)4.6(ansformat)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-427.2(o)-0.4(f)-422.1(hydrocarbons,)-401.9(i)4.7(ncl)4.7(udi)4.7(ng)-427.2(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-421.2(p)-0.4(rocesses)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(of)-366.7(i)5(s)-1(omeri)5(zat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-364.9(a)-1.1(nd)-364.9(al)5(kyl)5(at)5(i)5(on.)-360.3(See)-365.9(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-1(o)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 17.2206 0 TD 0.0001 Tc (Alkylation)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.5013 0 TD 0.369 Tc [(;a)365.6(n)366.6(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.4227 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Isomeri)5.4(zat)5.3(i)5.4(on)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.9054 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj -30.05 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Superaci)5(ds)-565.4(al)5(so)-571.4(can)-571.4(pl)5(ay)-571.4(key)-571.4(r)4.9(ol)5(es)-572.3(i)5(n)-585.2(pol)5(ymeri)5(zat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-564.5(a)-1.1(nd)-571.4(i)5(n)-578.3(vari)5(ous)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(or)25.5(gani)4.9(c)-668.8(s)-1.1(ynt)4.9(heses)-655(i)4.9(nvol)4.9(vi)4.9(ng)-661(di)4.9(enone-phenol)-649(rearrangement)4.9(,)-656.3(r)4.8(educt)4.9(i)4.9(on,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(carbonyl)5.1(at)5.1(i)5.1(on,)-490.9(oxi)5.1(dat)5.1(i)5.1(on,)-504.7(among)-495.6(ot)5.1(hers.)-504.7(S)0.9(uperaci)5.1(ds)-496.5(al)5.1(so)-502.5(pl)5.1(ay)-502.5(a)-510.3(r)5(ol)5.1(e)-510.3(i)5.1(n)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 370.5 794.655 Tm 0.0007 Tc [(ACIDULANTS)-326.6(AND)-334.6(ALKALIZERS)-319.9(\()-0.9(Foods\))-2001.7(13)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 771.135 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(i)5.2(nor)25.8(gani)5.2(c)-290(c)-0.9(hemi)5.2(st)5.2(ry,)-291.2(not)5.2(abl)5.2(y)-289(i)5.2(n)-302.8(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-290(case)-290(o)0.1(f)-290.8(h)0.1(al)5.2(ogen)-282.1(cat)5.2(i)5.2(ons)-289.9(and)-295.9(t)5.2(he)-290(cat)5.2(i)5.2(ons)]TJ T* 0.001 Tc [(of)-326.7(nonmetallic)-332.8(elements,)-320.3(s)-2.3(uch)-324.9(a)-2.4(s)-325.8(s)-2.3(ul)]TJ 14.8598 0 TD 0.0001 Tc [(fur,)-334.9(selenium,)-321.2(a)-3.3(nd)-332.7(tellurium.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf -13.7173 -1.3628 TD 0.0026 Tc [(Fr)33.7(ee)-317.4(Hydr)33.7(oxyl)-304.4(Radi)5.3(cal)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.3123 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(.)-491.3(I)4.6(t)-373.9(i)4.7(s)-373(i)4.7(mport)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)-367(t)4.7(o)-372.1(di)4.7(st)4.7(i)4.7(ngui)4.7(sh)-365.2(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-366.2(free)-373.1(r)4.6(adi)4.7(cal)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 19.5539 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf -30.0087 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(OH)-308.7(and)-310.5(t)4.4(he)-311.4(OH)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 365.4 742.515 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 373.38 739.335 Tm 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-310.1(p)-0.3(revi)4.8(ousl)4.8(y)-310.1(ment)4.8(i)4.8(oned.)-298.5(The)-311(free)-311(r)4.7(adi)4.8(cal)-304.9(i)4.8(s)-317.8(creat)4.8(ed)-303.2(by)]TJ -7.4128 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(compl)5(e)-1.1(x)-213.5(r)4.9(eact)5(i)5(ons)-214.4(of)-215.3(so-cal)5(l)5(e)-1.1(d)-213.5(exci)5(t)5(e)-1.1(d)-207.6(oxygen)-213.5(w)1.6(i)5(t)5(h)-220.4(hydrogen)-213.5(a)-1.1(s)-214.4(t)5(he)-221.3(resul)5(t)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(of)-332.2(exposure)-324.5(t)5.1(o)-344.2(s)-0.9(ol)5.1(ar)-332.2(ul)5.1(t)5.1(r)5(avi)5.1(o)0(l)5.1(e)-1(t)-339(l)5.1(i)5.1(ght)5.1(.)-339.5(T)0.8(he)-331.4(radi)5.1(cal)-332.2(has)-331.3(b)0(een)-330.4(found)-337.3(t)5.1(o)-337.3(be)-338.2(an)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(i)5.3(m)2.9(por)5.2(t)5.3(a)-0.8(nt)-263.1(f)5.2(act)5.3(or)-256.3(i)5.3(n)-268.3(at)5.3(mospher)5.2(i)5.3(c)-255.4(a)-0.8(nd)-254.5(oceani)5.3(c)-255.4(chemi)5.3(s)-0.7(t)5.3(r)5.2(y.)-256.7(The)-255.4(l)5.3(i)5.3(f)5.2(e)-276.1(s)-0.7(pan)-254.5(o)0.2(f)-256.3(t)5.3(he)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(r)5.3(a)-0.7(di)5.4(cal)-325(i)5.4(s)-337.9(but)-325(a)-337.9(s)-0.6(econd)-316.3(or)-331.9(t)5.4(w)2(o,)-332.3(dur)5.3(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)-330.1(w)2(hi)5.4(ch)-330.1(t)5.4(i)5.4(m)2.9(e)-337.9(i)5.4(t)-338.7(r)5.3(eact)5.4(s)-331(w)2(i)5.4(t)5.4(h)-337(numer)5.3(ous)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(at)4.7(mospheri)4.7(c)-366.2(pol)4.7(l)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)4.7(s)-373(i)4.7(n)-372.1(a)-373.1(scavengi)4.7(ng)-358.3(\(oxi)4.7(di)4.7(zi)4.7(ng\))-367(manner.)-367.4(For)-367(e)-1.4(xampl)4.7(e)-1.4(,)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(i)5.2(t)-332.1(r)5.1(eact)5.2(s)-324.3(w)1.8(i)5.2(t)5.2(h)-330.3(car)5.1(bon)-323.4(monoxi)5.2(de,)-311.9(a)-0.9(s)-331.2(c)-0.9(ommonl)5.2(y)-316.5(e)-0.9(ncount)5.2(er)5.1(ed)-316.5(i)5.2(n)-330.3(at)5.2(mospher)5.1(i)5.2(c)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(smog.)-366.7(I)5.3(t)-380(al)5.4(so)-371.4(r)5.3(eact)5.4(s)-372.3(w)2(i)5.4(t)5.4(h)-385.2(sul)5.4(f)5.3(ur)5.3(ous)-372.3(gases)-365.4(a)-0.7(nd)-371.4(wi)5.4(t)5.4(h)-378.3(hydr)5.3(ocar)5.3(bons,)-359.9(a)-0.7(s)-372.3(m)3(ay)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(resul)4.9(t)-291.1(from)-307.3(i)4.9(ncompl)4.9(et)4.9(e)-290.3(c)-1.2(ombust)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-289.3(p)-0.2(rocesses)-276.4(o)-0.2(r)-298(t)4.9(hat)-298(h)-0.2(ave)-290.3(e)-1.2(scaped)-282.4(i)4.9(n)-0.2(t)4.9(o)-296.2(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0015 Tc [(atmosphere)-318.5(\(because)-318.5(of)-326.2(their)-333.1(vol)]TJ 13.3869 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(atility\))-334.1(from)-336.5(v)-1.9(arious)-326.3(sources.)]TJ -12.2444 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Because)-585.7(of)-593.5(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-599.5(h)0.3(eavy)-591.7(w)2(or)5.3(kl)5.4(oad)-591.7(p)0.3(l)5.4(aced)-591.7(upon)-591.7(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-599.5(hydr)5.3(oxyl)-593.4(r)5.3(a)-0.7(di)5.4(cal)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD [(t)5.5(h)0.4(r)5.4(ough)-543.4(such)-543.4(cl)5.5(eansi)5.5(ng)-530.6(r)5.4(eact)5.5(i)5.5(ons)-544.3(i)5.5(n)-557.1(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-551.2(a)-0.6(t)5.5(m)3.1(ospher)5.4(e)-0.6(,)-531.8(s)-0.5(ome)-544.3(s)-0.5(ci)5.5(ent)5.5(i)5.5(s)-0.5(t)5.5(s)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(are)-386.9(c)-1.5(oncerned)-372.2(t)4.6(hat)-380.8(t)4.6(he)-386.9(at)4.6(mospheri)4.6(c)-380(c)-1.5(ont)4.6(ent)-380.8(o)-0.5(f)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 19.4437 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD -0.0019 Tc [(OH)-394.9(h)-4.3(a)-5.3(s)-383.8(d)-4.3(imin)-4.3(is)-5.2(h)-4.3(e)-5.3(d)-389.8(w)-2.6(ith)]TJ -20.1114 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(i)4.9(n)-0.2(creasi)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-254.9(pol)4.9(l)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(on,)-270.9(est)4.9(i)4.9(m)2.5(at)4.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-261.8(t)4.9(he)-269.6(probabl)4.9(e)-262.7(d)-0.2(rop)-261.8(t)4.9(o)-268.7(b)-0.2(e)-269.6(a)-1.2(s)-262.7(m)2.5(uch)-261.8(a)-1.2(s)-262.7(5)-89.7()-89.7(25%)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(duri)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-323.8(t)4.8(he)-331.7(past)-318.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(ree)-331.7(cent)4.8(u)-0.3(ri)4.8(es)-324.7(si)4.8(nce)-324.8(t)4.8(he)-324.8(st)4.8(art)-332.5(o)-0.3(f)-325.6(t)4.8(he)-331.7(Indust)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(a)-1.3(l)-325.6(R)1.5(evol)4.8(ut)4.8(i)4.8(on.)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(Ironi)4.2(cal)4.2(l)4.2(y)-0.9(,)-388.6(s)-1.8(ome)-387.3(o)-0.9(f)-395.1(t)4.2(he)-387.3(very)-393.3(pol)4.2(l)4.2(u)-0.9(t)4.2(a)-1.9(nt)4.2(s)-387.2(t)4.2(hat)-395(a)-1.9(re)-387.3(t)4.2(a)-1.9(r)24.8(g)-0.9(et)4.2(s)-394.1(f)4.1(or)-395.1(reduct)4.2(i)4.2(o)-0.9(n)-386.4(a)-1.9(l)4.2(s)-1.8(o)]TJ T* [(are)-346(c)-1.9(ompounds)-332.2(from)-349.3(w)0.8(hi)4.2(ch)-345.1(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 13.1873 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6263 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(OH)-348.9(r)5.4(a)-0.6(di)5.5(cal)-338.6(i)5.5(s)-351.5(pr)5.4(oduced)-330(and,)-339.1(as)-344.7(t)5.5(h)0.4(ey)-343.8(ar)5.4(e)]TJ -13.8136 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(re)-6.1(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(d)-5.1(,)-248.3(s)-6(o)-252.9(w)-3.4(ill)-268.4(th)-5.1(e)-260.7(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(tra)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-252.9(o)-5.1(f)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 14.908 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5369 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(OH)-259.5(be)-255.3(r)5.3(e)-0.7(duced.)-236(T)1.1(he)-255.3(f)5.3(act)-249.3(t)5.4(h)0.3(at)-256.2(t)5.4(h)0.3(er)5.3(e)-255.3(i)5.4(s)]TJ -15.4449 -1.1425 TD 0.0008 Tc [(only)-332(one)-339.8(hydroxyl)-326.9(radical)-326.9(per)-333.8(t)3.5(rillion)-352.7(a)-2.6(ir)]TJ 16.9866 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(molecules)-325.5(m)1.6(ust)-333.3(not)-333.3(detract)-333.3(from)]TJ -16.9866 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(i)5.8(t)5.8(s)-337.5(ef)26.4(f)5.7(ect)5.8(i)5.8(v)0.7(eness)-316.8(a)-0.3(s)-323.7(a)-330.7(scavenger)5.7(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0008 Tc [(Scientists)-388(at)-395.7(the)-394.9(G)0.1(eor)24.1(g)]TJ 9.45 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(ia)-394.5(Institute)-394.5(of)-395.4(T)68.5(echnology)-372.9(have)-387.6(devised)-379.8(a)-394.5(mass)]TJ -10.5925 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(spect)4.5(romet)4.5(r)4.4(i)4.5(c)-552.2(means)-552.1(f)4.4(or)-566.8(t)4.5(e)-1.6(st)4.5(i)4.5(n)-0.6(g)-558.1(t)4.5(he)-559.1(vari)4.5(ous)-559(t)4.5(h)-0.6(eori)4.5(es)-559(pert)4.5(ai)4.5(ni)4.5(ng)-558.1(t)4.5(o)-558.2(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(chemi)4.9(s)-1.1(t)4.9(r)4.8(y)-323.7(o)-0.2(f)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 5.4442 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH.)Tj -4.9143 -1.1425 TD 0.0016 Tc [(The)-222(p)-0.8(robabl)4.3(e)-215.1(i)4.3(mport)4.3(a)-1.8(nce)-222(o)-0.8(f)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 11.2946 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5093 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(OH)-218.1(i)5.5(n)-233.7(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-220.8(o)0.4(ceans)-213.9(a)-0.6(l)5.5(s)-0.5(o)-219.9(i)5.5(s)-227.6(b)0.4(ei)5.5(ng)-219.9(i)5.5(nvest)5.5(i)5.5(g)0.4(at)5.5(ed.)]TJ -12.9464 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Researchers)-324.6(a)-1.2(t)-339.3(W)85.9(ashi)4.9(ngt)4.9(on)-337.5(St)4.9(at)4.9(e)-338.4(U)1.5(ni)4.9(versi)4.9(t)4.9(y)-344.4(and)-337.5(t)4.9(he)-338.4(Brookhaven)-330.6(N)1.5(at)4.9(i)4.9(onal)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(Laborat)4.5(ory)-461.8(h)-0.6(ave)-462.7(c)-1.6(onrmed)-454.9(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-469.6(p)-0.6(resence)-455.8(o)-0.6(f)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 18.7623 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7502 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(OH)-466.1(i)5.3(n)-474.8(seawat)5.3(er)-455.9(and)-461(now)]TJ -19.5126 -1.1426 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(r)0.2(e)-384.3(a)-5.8(tte)-5.8(mp)-4.8(tin)-4.8(g)-383.4(t)0.3(o)-390.3(m)-2.1(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-377.4(its)-398(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(t)0.3(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(t)-371.4(q)-4.8(u)-4.8(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(tita)-5.8(tiv)-4.8(e)-5.8(l)0.3(y)-383.4(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-383.4(to)-390.3(d)-4.8(e)-5.8(te)-5.8(rmin)-4.8(e)-377.4(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(sources)-303.9(of)-318.6(i)5(t)5(s)-324.5(format)5(i)5(on.)-325.9(Di)5(ssol)5(v)-0.1(ed)-309.9(or)25.6(gani)5(c)-310.8(m)2.6(at)5(t)5(e)-1.1(r)-325.4(i)5(s)-317.6(one)-317.7(hi)5(ghl)5(y)-316.7(s)-1(uspect)5(ed)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(source.)-442.5(T)70(e)-0.7(nt)5.4(at)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(el)5.4(y,)-442.5(i)5.4(t)-462.6(has)-448(b)0.3(een)-447.1(concl)5.4(uded)-440.2(\()5.3(usi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-447.1(a)-461.8(met)5.4(hod)-447.1(cal)5.4(l)5.4(e)-0.7(d)-454()1.2(ash)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(phot)5.3(ol)5.3(ysi)5.3(s)-0.7(\))-373.3(t)5.3(hat)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 6.7244 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(OH)-390.6(concent)5.1(r)5(at)5.1(i)5.1(ons)-372.6(\(as)-386.4(w)1.7(el)5.1(l)-387.2(a)-1(s)-379.5(d)0(aught)5.1(er)-373.5(radi)5.1(cal)5.1(s\))-380.4(range)]TJ -7.3921 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(f)5.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(m)-272.3(5)-275(t)5.5(o)-281.8(15)-268.1(t)5.5(i)5.5(m)3.1(es)-275.8(hi)5.5(gher)-269.9(i)5.5(n)-275(d)0.4(eep)-261.2(wat)5.5(e)-0.6(r)-269.9(t)5.5(han)-274.9(i)5.5(n)-274.9(open-)5.4(ocean)-254.3(sur)5.4(f)5.4(ace)-262.1(wat)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(s)-0.5(.)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(Thi)5.2(s)-379.4(may)-371.6(i)5.2(ndi)5.2(cat)5.2(e)-372.5(t)5.2(hat)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 9.6909 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6607 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(OH)-377(may)-371.9(h)-0.2(ave)-372.8(s)-1.1(ome)-372.8(i)4.9(mpact)-373.7(on)-378.8(bi)4.9(ot)4.9(a)-372.9(r)4.8(esi)4.9(d)-0.2(i)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-378.8(i)4.9(n)]TJ -10.3516 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(deep)-262(wat)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-270.7(a)-1.4(nd)-268.9(may)-275.8(e)-1.4(nhance)-256(t)4.7(he)-276.7(secondary)-255.1(product)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-262(o)-0.4(f)-277.6(b)-0.4(act)4.7(eri)4.7(a)-1.4(l)-263.7(g)-0.4(rowt)4.7(h,)]TJ T* 0.0002 Tc [(particularly)-380.8(in)-387.7(carbon)-373.9(limited)-388.6(oligot)]TJ 15.6995 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(rophic)-381.3(w)-0.1(aters,)-375.7(in)-387.3(upwelling)-373.5(w)-0.1(aters,)]TJ -15.6995 -1.1357 TD -0.0025 Tc [(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-328.4(i)0.2(n)-342.2(r)0.1(e)-5.9(g)-4.9(io)-4.9(n)-4.9(s)-329.3(with)-335.3(h)-4.9(i)0.2(g)-4.9(h)-335.3(u)-4.9(ltra)-5.9(v)-4.9(io)-4.9(le)-5.9(t)-337.1(r)0.1(a)-5.9(d)-4.9(ia)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-4.9(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0028 Tc [(See)-475.5(a)-0.6(l)5.5(s)-0.5(o)-481.4(s)-0.5(peci)5.5(c)-468.6(aci)5.5(ds)-475.4(and)-481.4(b)0.4(ases,)-463(s)-0.5(uch)-474.6(a)-0.6(s)-482.3(s)-0.5(ul)5.5(f)5.4(u)0.4(r)5.4(i)5.5(c)-482.4(aci)5.5(d)-481.4(a)-0.6(nd)-474.5(sodi)5.5(um)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(hydroxi)4.6(de,)-257.4(i)4.6(n)-269(a)-1.5(l)4.6(phabet)4.6(i)4.6(cal)4.6(l)4.6(y)-262.1(arranged)-262.1(e)-1.5(nt)4.6(ri)4.6(es)-263(t)4.6(h)-0.5(roughout)-257(t)4.6(h)-0.5(i)4.6(s)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 24.592 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(Encycl)5.5(opedi)5.5(a)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.4649 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -19.1407 -2.0373 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-333.4(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 308.76 349.275 Tm 0.0001 Tc [(Lide,)-332.7(D)-0.6(.R.,)-433.7(Editor:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 8.1984 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(CR)-4(C)-375.4(H)-1.8(andbook)-404.1(of)-391.4(Chemistry)-380.8(and)-387(P)-4(h)1.6(ysics,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 18.1531 0 TD -0.0004 Tc [(84th)-440.7(E)-3.3(dition,)-434.2(CRC)]TJ -25.3491 -1.1579 TD -0.0019 Tc [(P)-5.4(r)-3.1(ess)-327.8(L)-4.8(L)-4.8(C)-3.2(,)-327(B)-3.2(oca)-342.8(R)-3.2(aton,)-334.7(F)-5.4(L)-4.8(,)-327(2003.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1656 TD -0.0011 Tc [(L)-4(ong,)-341.7(F)-4.6(.)0.2(A.,)-458.3(a)0(nd)-464.7(R.H.)-333.9(Boyd:)-469.1(Acid)-464.7(a)0(nd)-472.5(Bases,)-466.3(i)-2.9(n)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 21.7045 0 TD -0.0002 Tc [(McGraw-Hill)-413.8(Encyclopedia)-417.2(o)2.5(f)]TJ -20.702 -1.1579 TD 0.0001 Tc (Chemistry)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.1109 0 TD -0.0005 Tc [(,)-333.3(M)2.6(cGraw-Hill)-328.6(Companies,)-341.1(Inc.,)-341.1(N)-1.2(ew)-327.6(Y)99.8(o)2.2(rk,)-341.1(NY,)-333.3(1983.)]TJ -5.1133 -1.1579 TD -0.0008 Tc [(Olah,)-333.6(G)-1.5(.A.,)-263.7(G.K.)-333.6(S)-4.3(u)1.9(rya)-264(P)-4.3(rakash,)-271.5(a)0.3(nd)-262.4(J.)-333.6(S)-4.3(o)1.9(mmer:)-266.8(S)-4.3(uperacids,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 25.9319 0 TD -0.0011 Tc (Science)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.0462 0 TD 0 Tc (,)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.5207 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (205)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.492 0 TD 0.0906 Tc [(,)-180.1(1)93.2(32)93.2(0)]TJ -29.9884 -1.1579 TD -0.0014 Tc (\(1979\).)Tj -1.0025 -1.1656 TD 0.0003 Tc [(Park)3(er,)-332.5(P)-3.2(.:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 4.5305 0 TD -0.0008 Tc [(McGraw)-227.5(E)-3.7(n)1.9(cyclopedia)-231.3(o)1.9(f)-227.9(C)-2.1(hemistry,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 15.0525 0 TD -0.0004 Tc [(McGraw-Hill)-250.8(Companies,)-255.5(Inc.,)-255.5(N)-1.1(ew)]TJ -18.5805 -1.1579 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Y)99(o)1.4(rk,)-334.1(NY,)-334.1(1993.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0003 Tc [(W)81.1(a)0.7(lling,)-333.1(C.:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 5.1522 0 TD 0.0002 Tc [(Fifty)-200.8(Y)89.9(e)1.2(ars)-209.2(o)2.9(f)-211.4(F)-2.7(r)39.5(e)1.2(e)-208.6(R)-2.7(adicals)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.2758 0 TD -0.0002 Tc [(\(Proles,)-224.2(P)-3.7(athways,)-239.8(and)-238.4(D)-0.9(reams\);)-235.1(A)-0.9(merican)]TJ -15.4255 -1.1656 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Chemical)-337(S)-4.6(o)1.6(ciety,)-333.9(W)80.3(a)-0.1(shington,)-341.7(DC,)-333.9(1994.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 248.8951 Tm 0.001 Tc [(ACIDULANTS)-358.4(AND)-371.4(ALKALIZERS)-365.3(\()3.6(Foods\).)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 20.9166 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(W)86.1(e)-1(l)5.1(l)-373.5(over)-359.8(5)0(0)-371.7(c)-1(hemi)5.1(cal)]TJ -20.9166 -1.1426 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(d)-4.8(d)-4.8(itiv)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-336.1(a)-5.8(r)0.2(e)-343(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(m)-2.1(mo)-4.8(n)-4.8(l)0.3(y)-328.3(u)-4.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(d)-335.2(i)0.3(n)-342.1(f)0.2(o)-4.8(o)-4.8(d)-342.1(p)-4.8(r)0.2(o)-4.8(c)-5.8(e)-5.8(s)-5.7(s)-5.7(i)0.3(n)-4.8(g)-328.3(o)-4.8(r)-337(a)-5.8(s)-336.1(in)-4.8(g)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(d)-4.8(ie)-5.8(n)-4.8(t)0.3(s)-336.1(o)-4.8(f)-343.9()-3.9(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(l)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(food)-241.2(product)4.8(s)-1.2(,)-236.6(e)-1.3(ssent)4.8(i)4.8(a)-1.3(l)4.8(l)4.8(y)-241.2(t)4.8(o)-248.1(cont)4.8(rol)-236.1(t)4.8(he)-249.1(pH)-246.4(\(hydrogen)-234.4(i)4.8(on)-248.1(concent)4.8(r)4.7(at)4.8(i)4.8(on\))-229.3(of)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-311.1(p)-0.4(rocess)-297.3(a)-1.4(nd/)4.7(or)-305.1(product)4.7(.)-305.5(An)-310.2(excess)-297.3(o)-0.4(f)-312(hydrogen)-296.4(i)4.7(ons,)-312.4(a)-1.4(s)-304.2(c)-1.4(ont)4.7(ri)4.7(but)4.7(ed)-310.2(by)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(aci)5.3(d)-268.3(s)-0.7(ubst)5.3(a)-0.8(nces,)-249.8(p)0.2(roduces)-262.3(a)-269.2(s)-0.7(our)-270.1(t)5.3(a)-0.8(st)5.3(e,)-270.5(whereas)-262.3(an)-268.3(excess)-255.4(o)0.2(f)-277(hydroxyl)-256.3(i)5.3(ons,)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(s)-288.2(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(t)0(rib)-5.1(u)-5.1(t)0(e)-6.1(d)-287.3(b)-5.1(y)-287.3(a)-6.1(l)0(k)-5.1(a)-6.1(lin)-5.1(e)-288.3(s)-6(u)-5.1(b)-5.1(s)-6(ta)-6.1(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(s)-6(,)-268.9(c)-6.1(re)-6.1(a)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(s)-281.3(a)-288.3(b)-5.1(itte)-6.1(r)-296(t)0(a)-6.1(s)-6(te)-6.1(.)-289.6(S)-4.2(o)-5.1(f)-0.1(t)-289.1(d)-5.1(rin)-5.1(k)-5.1(s)-288.2(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(n)-0.3(st)4.8(ant)-304.9(frui)4.8(t)-325.6(dri)4.8(nks,)-305.4(f)4.7(or)-318.8(exampl)4.8(e,)-298.5(owe)-311(t)4.8(hei)4.8(r)-318.8(t)4.8(a)-1.3(rt)-311.8(avor)-305(t)4.8(o)-316.9(aci)4.8(di)4.8(c)-311(s)-1.2(ubst)4.8(a)-1.3(nces,)]TJ T* -0.002 Tc [(s)-5.3(u)-4.4(c)-5.4(h)-300.4(a)-5.4(s)-301.3(c)-5.4(itric)-315.1(a)-5.4(c)-5.4(i)0.7(d)-4.4(.)-302.6(Ce)-5.4(rta)-5.4(i)0.7(n)-314.2(c)-5.4(a)-5.4(n)-4.4(d)-4.4(i)0.7(e)-5.4(s)-5.3(,)-288.9(c)-5.4(h)-4.4(e)-5.4(win)-4.4(g)-300.4(g)-4.4(u)-4.4(m)-1.7(s)-5.3(,)-302.6(je)-5.4(llie)-5.4(s)-5.3(,)-309.5(ja)-5.4(ms)-5.3(,)-302.6(a)-5.4(n)-4.4(d)-300.4(s)-5.3(a)-5.4(la)-5.4(d)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(dressi)4.8(ngs)-400.4(are)-414.2(a)-1.3(mong)-406.4(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-414.2(m)2.4(any)-406.4(o)-0.3(t)4.8(h)-0.3(er)]TJ 15.6582 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(product)4.4(s)-400.8(where)-414.6(a)-414.6(cert)4.4(a)-1.7(i)4.4(n)-406.8(degree)-407.8(of)]TJ -15.6582 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(t)4.7(a)-1.4(rt)4.7(ness)-324.8(cont)4.7(ri)4.7(but)4.7(es)-324.8(t)4.7(o)-337.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-331.8(overal)4.7(l)-325.7(t)4.7(a)-1.4(st)4.7(e)-324.9(a)-1.4(nd)-323.9(appeal)4.7(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0009 Tc [(T)68.2(a)-2.5(ste)-436.1(i)3.6(s)-442.9(only)-442(one)-443(of)-437(several)-430(qualitie)]TJ 15.3141 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(s)-441.8(o)-0.4(f)-435.9(a)-441.9(process)-434.9(o)-0.4(r)-435.9(p)-0.4(roduct)-435.8(t)4.7(hat)-435.8(i)4.7(s)]TJ -16.4566 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(af)26.2(f)5.5(ect)5.6(ed)-488.2(by)-488.2(an)-495.1(excess)-475.3(o)0.5(f)-490(e)-0.5(i)5.6(t)5.6(h)0.5(er)-490(of)-490(t)5.6(h)0.5(ese)-489.2(i)5.6(ons.)-483.6(S)1.4(ome)-489.2(r)5.5(aw)-493.4(mat)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(al)5.6(s)-496(a)-0.5(r)5.5(e)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(n)-5.1(a)-6.1(tu)-5.1(ra)-6.1(lly)-239.2(to)-5.1(o)-246(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(i)0(d)-5.1(i)0(c)-6.1(,)-241.4(o)-5.1(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(rs)-240(to)-5.1(o)-246(a)-6.1(lk)-5.1(a)-6.1(lin)-5.1(e)-95.6()-90.2(s)-6(o)-232.3(th)-5.1(a)-6.1(t)-240.9(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(u)-5.1(t)0(ra)-6.1(liz)-6.1(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(s)-240(m)-2.4(u)-5.1(s)-6(t)-240.9(b)-5.1(e)-240.1(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(d)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(o)-474.5(adj)5.6(u)0.5(st)-462.4(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-468.5(p)0.5(H)-465.8(w)2.2(i)5.6(t)5.6(h)0.5(i)5.6(n)-474.5(an)-467.6(accept)5.6(a)-0.5(bl)5.6(e)-454.7(r)5.5(ange.)-462.9(I)5.5(n)-474.5(t)5.6(he)-468.5(dai)5.6(r)5.5(y)-467.6(i)5.6(ndust)5.6(r)5.5(y,)-469.8(f)5.5(o)0.5(r)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(e)-5.8(x)-4.8(a)-5.8(m)-2.1(p)-4.8(l)0.3(e)-5.8(,)-227.3(th)-4.8(e)-239.8(a)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(d)-238.9(i)0.3(n)-238.9(s)-5.7(o)-4.8(u)-4.8(r)-233.8(c)-5.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(m)-236.2(mu)-4.8(s)-5.7(t)-233.7(b)-4.8(e)-239.8(a)-5.8(d)-4.8(ju)-4.8(s)-5.7(t)0.3(e)-5.8(d)-232(b)-4.8(y)-232(th)-4.8(e)-246.7(a)-5.8(d)-4.8(d)-4.8(itio)-4.8(n)-232(o)-4.8(f)-240.7(a)-5.8(lk)-4.8(a)-5.8(lin)-4.8(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(compounds)-235.3(i)4.7(n)-255.1(order)-243.2(t)4.7(hat)-250(s)-1.3(at)4.7(i)4.7(s)-1.3(fact)4.7(ory)-241.3(bu)]TJ 15.8785 0 TD [(t)4.7(t)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-250(can)-248.2(be)-249.2(churned.)-236.7(Qui)4.7(t)4.7(e)-256(oft)4.7(e)-1.4(n,)-243.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)]TJ -15.8785 -1.1425 TD -0.0017 Tc [(p)-4.1(H)-236.4(ma)-5.1(y)-231.3(b)-4.1(e)-232.2(d)-4.1(if)21.6(c)-5.1(u)-4.1(l)1(t)-239.9(t)1(o)-238.2(a)-5.1(d)-4.1(j)1(u)-4.1(s)-5(t)-226.1(o)-4.1(r)-233.1(t)1(o)-245(m)-1.4(a)-5.1(i)1(n)-4.1(t)1(a)-5.1(i)1(n)-231.3(a)-5.1(fte)-5.1(r)-233.1(a)-5.1(d)-4.1(ju)-4.1(s)-5(t)1(me)-5.1(n)-4.1(t)1(.)-233.5(S)-3.2(ta)-5.1(b)-4.1(ility)-238.2(o)-4.1(f)-233.1(p)-4.1(H)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(can)-269.2(be)-270.1(accomplished)-255.4(b)-0.7(y)-269.2(t)4.4(he)-270.1(addition)-276.1(o)-0.7(f)-271(buf)]TJ 17.4064 0 TD -0.0003 Tc [(fering)-278.1(agents)-265.2(that,)-273.4(w)-1(ithin)-284.9(limits,)]TJ -17.4064 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(ef)26(fect)5.4(i)5.4(v)0.3(el)5.4(y)-440.2(m)3(ai)5.4(nt)5.4(ai)5.4(n)-433.4(t)5.4(he)-441.2(desi)5.4(red)-433.4(p)0.3(H)-438.5(e)-0.7(ven)-426.5(w)2(hen)-433.4(a)-0.7(ddi)5.4(t)5.4(i)5.4(onal)-435.1(aci)5.4(d)-433.4(o)0.3(r)-435.2(a)-0.7(l)5.4(k)0.3(al)5.4(i)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(s)-490(added.)-470.7(For)-484.1(e)-1.4(xampl)4.7(e)-1.4(,)-477.6(o)-0.4(range-avored)-461.6(i)4.7(n)-0.4(st)4.7(ant)-484(b)-0.4(reakfast)-477.1(dri)4.7(n)-0.4(k)-482.2(h)-0.4(as)-483.1(j)4.7(u)-0.4(st)]TJ ET endstream endobj 57 0 obj > /XObject > /ExtGState > >> endobj 58 0 obj > endobj 59 0 obj > stream BT /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 28.8 794.655 Tm 0 g /GS1 gs 0.0007 Tc 0 Tw [(14)-1720.9(ACIDULANTS)-326.6(AND)-327.9(ALKALIZERS)-326.6(\()-0.9(Foods\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 771.135 Tm 0.0011 Tc [(enough)-290.4(bite)-305.1(from)-301.5(t)3.8(he)-305.1(addition)-304.2(o)-1.3(f)-306(pota)]TJ 16.1744 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(ssium)-288.3(citrate)-312.6(\()3.1(a)-305.7(buf)23.8(fering)-311.7(agent\))-292.8(to)]TJ -16.1744 -1.1357 TD 0.0017 Tc [(regul)4.4(at)4.4(e)-304.5(t)4.4(he)-304.5(t)4.4(a)-1.7(rt)-312.2(avor)-298.5(i)4.4(m)2(part)4.4(ed)-303.6(by)-310.5(anot)4.4(her)-291.6(i)4.4(ngredi)4.4(e)-1.7(nt)4.4(,)-305.8(c)-1.7(i)4.4(t)4.4(r)4.3(i)4.4(c)-311.4(aci)4.4(d.)-298.9(In)-310.5(some)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(i)5.7(n)0.6(st)5.7(ances,)-366.5(t)5.7(he)-385.8(pr)5.6(esence)-372.1(of)-379.8(aci)5.7(ds)-378.9(or)-379.8(al)5.7(kal)5.7(i)5.7(e)-0.4(s)-378.9(a)-0.4(ssi)5.7(st)5.7(s)-378.9(m)3.3(echani)5.7(cal)-366(pr)5.6(ocessi)5.7(ng)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0021 Tc [(operat)4.8(i)4.8(ons)-338.5(i)4.8(n)-344.5(food)-344.5(preparat)4.8(i)4.8(on.)-332.9(Aci)4.8(d)-0.3(s,)-339.8(for)-346.3(e)-1.3(xampl)4.8(e)-1.3(,)-332.9(m)2.4(ake)-338.5(i)4.8(t)-346.2(easi)4.8(e)-1.3(r)-339.4(t)4.8(o)-344.5(p)-0.3(eel)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(frui)4.5(t)4.5(s)-290.6(and)-269.1(t)4.5(ubers.)-278.2(A)1.1(l)4.5(k)-0.6(al)4.5(i)4.5(n)-0.6(e)-276.9(s)-1.5(ol)4.5(ut)4.5(i)4.5(ons)-269.9(are)-283.8(w)1.1(i)4.5(d)-0.6(el)4.5(y)-276(u)-0.6(sed)-269.1(i)4.5(n)-282.8(r)4.4(emovi)4.5(ng)-276(hai)4.5(r)-277.8(from)]TJ T* 0.0033 Tc [(ani)6(m)3.6(al)-324.4(car)5.9(casses.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(The)-427.9(p)-0.2(H)-432.1(v)-0.2(al)4.9(ues)-421(o)-0.2(f)-435.7(v)-0.2(ari)4.9(ous)-427.8(food)-427(subst)4.9(a)-1.2(nces)-414.1(cover)-421.9(a)-434.8(wi)4.9(de)-427.9(range.)-422.3(P)0.7(l)4.9(a)-1.2(nt)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(t)4.5(i)4.5(ssues)-325(and)-331()0.3(ui)4.5(ds)-331.9(\(about)-325.9(5.2\);)-332.8(a)-1.6(ni)4.5(mal)-325.9(t)4.5(i)4.5(ssues)-331.9(and)-331()0.3(ui)4.5(ds)-325(\(about)-325.9(7.0)-337.9(t)4.5(o)-337.9(7)-0.6(.5\);)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(le)-5.9(mo)-4.9(n)-335.3(j)0.2(u)-4.9(i)0.2(c)-5.9(e)-336.3(\(2)-4.9(.0)-335.3(to)-335.3(2)-4.9(.)-0.3(2)-4.9(\))0.1(;)-337.1(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(d)-335.3(fru)-4.9(its)-343.1(\(3)-4.9(.0)-335.3(to)-342.2(4)-4.9(.)-0.3(5)-4.9(\))0.1(;)-330.2(fru)-4.9(it)-343.9(je)-5.9(llie)-5.9(s)-343.1(\()0.1(3)-4.9(.)-0.3(0)-335.3(t)0.2(o)-335.3(3)-4.9(.5)-4.9(\).)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Aci)5.2(dul)5.2(ant)5.2(s)-530.8(commonl)5.2(y)-529.9(u)0.1(sed)-523(i)5.2(n)-543.7(f)5.1(ood)-529.9(processi)5.2(ng)-523(i)5.2(n)0.1(cl)5.2(ude:)-531.7(A)1.8(cet)5.2(i)5.2(c)-530.9(aci)5.2(d)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(\(gl)4.6(aci)4.6(al)4.6(\),)-257.4(ci)4.6(t)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(c)-256.1(aci)4.6(d,)-250.5(fumari)4.6(c)-256.1(aci)4.6(d,)-243.7(gl)4.6(ucono)-241.4(del)4.6(t)4.6(a)-1.5(-l)4.6(act)4.6(one,)-243.7(hydrochl)4.6(ori)4.6(c)-249.3(aci)4.6(d,)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0026 Tc [(l)5.3(act)5.3(i)5.3(c)-427.5(aci)5.3(d,)-415(mal)5.3(i)5.3(c)-427.5(aci)5.3(d,)-421.9(phosphori)5.3(c)-406.9(aci)5.3(d,)-421.9(pot)5.3(assi)5.3(um)-410.1(aci)5.3(d)-419.7(t)5.3(art)5.3(r)5.2(at)5.3(e,)-428.8(sul)5.3(f)5.2(uri)5.3(c)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(aci)4.7(d,)-250.4(and)-255.1(t)4.7(art)4.7(a)-1.4(ri)4.7(c)-262.9(aci)4.7(d.)-250.4(Al)4.7(kal)4.7(i)4.7(e)-1.4(s)-262.9(c)-1.4(ommonl)4.7(y)-248.2(u)-0.4(sed)-248.2(i)4.7(ncl)4.7(ude:)-250(A)1.3(mmoni)4.7(um)-252.4(bi)4.7(car-)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(bonat)5.2(e)-0.9(,)-353.2(a)-0.9(mmoni)5.2(um)-355.2(hydroxi)5.2(de,)-353.2(cal)5.2(ci)5.2(um)-355.2(carbonat)5.2(e)-0.9(,)-353.2(cal)5.2(ci)5.2(um)-355.2(oxi)5.2(de,)-353.2(m)2.8(agne-)]TJ T* [(si)5.2(um)-251.9(carbonat)5.2(e)-0.9(,)-243.1(m)2.8(agnesi)5.2(um)-245(hydroxi)5.2(de,)-243.1(m)2.8(agnesi)5.2(um)-238.1(oxi)5.2(de,)-249.9(pot)5.2(assi)5.2(um)-245(bi)5.2(car-)]TJ T* [(bonat)5.1(e)-1(,)-477.2(pot)5.1(assi)5.1(um)-479.1(carbonat)5.1(e)-1(,)-477.2(pot)5.1(assi)5.1(um)-479.1(hydroxi)5.1(de,)-477.2(s)-0.9(odi)5.1(um)-479.1(bi)5.1(carbonat)5.1(e)-1(,)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(sodi)5(um)-265.9(carbonat)5(e)-1.1(,)-257(s)-1(odi)5(um)-265.9(hydroxi)5(de,)-257(a)-1.1(nd)-268.6(sodi)5(um)-265.9(sesqui)5(carbonat)5(e)-1.1(.)-243.3(A)1.6(mong)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-468.7(buf)26(f)5.3(e)-0.7(r)5.3(s)-468.6(and)-460.9(n)0.3(eut)5.4(r)5.3(al)5.4(i)5.4(z)-0.7(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)-460.9(a)-0.7(gent)5.4(s)-461.8(f)5.3(avor)5.3(ed)-460.9(ar)5.3(e:)-462.6(Adi)5.4(p)0.3(i)5.4(c)-461.8(aci)5.4(d,)-463.1(al)5.4(umi)5.4(num)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0023 Tc [(ammoni)5(um)-307.2(sul)5(f)4.9(at)5(e,)-305.2(ammoni)5(um)-300.3(phosphat)5(e)-297(\(di)5(-)-311.7(or)-311.7(monobasi)5(c\),)-298.3(cal)5(ci)5(um)-300.3(ci)5(t)5(-)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(rat)5.1(e)-1(,)-222.5(cal)5.1(ci)5.1(um)-210.7(gl)5.1(uconat)5.1(e)-1(,)-208.7(s)-0.9(odi)5.1(um)-210.7(aci)5.1(d)-220.3(pyrophosphat)5.1(e)-1(,)-195(s)-0.9(odi)5.1(um)-210.7(phosphat)5.1(e)-207.5(\(di)5.1(-)5(,)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(mono-,)-325.9(a)-1.1(nd)-323.6(t)5(r)4.9(i)5(-)4.9(basi)5(c\),)-339.6(s)-1(odi)5(um)-320.9(pyrophosphat)5(e)-1.1(,)-305.2(a)-1.1(nd)-323.6(succi)5(ni)5(c)-324.6(aci)5(d.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-325.5(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.7236 0 TD -0.0008 Tc [(Buffe)-4.2(r)-334.6(\()1.8(Che)-4.2(m)-0.6(ic)-4.2(al\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.8325 0 TD 0.3277 Tc [(;a)324.3(n)325.3(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.3883 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(pH)-328.6(\(Hydr)18.8(ogen)-323.5(I)-1.8(on)-323.5(Concentrati)4.2(o)-0.9(n\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.8805 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -29.9674 -1.9823 TD 0.0004 Tc [(Functions)-326.4(o)-2(f)-327.3(A)-0.3(cidulants)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3215 TD -0.0014 Tc [(In)-499.4(the)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 3.0491 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(baki)5.4(n)0.3(g)-433.4(i)5.4(ndust)5.4(r)-0.6(y)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.456 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(,)-483.9(aci)5.3(dul)5.3(ant)5.3(s)-489.4(and)-488.5(t)5.3(hei)5.3(r)-497.2(sal)5.3(t)5.3(s)-489.4(cont)5.3(rol)-490.3(p)0.2(H)-493.7(t)5.3(o)-502.3(i)5.3(nhi)5.3(bi)5.3(t)]TJ -9.5051 -1.1357 TD -0.0025 Tc [(s)-5.8(p)-4.9(o)-4.9(ila)-5.9(g)-4.9(e)-529(b)-4.9(y)-534.9(mic)-5.9(r)0.1(o)-4.9(b)-4.9(i)0.2(a)-5.9(l)-529.8(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-4.9(s)-535.8(to)-534.9(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(h)-4.9(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(e)-522.1(t)0.2(h)-4.9(e)-535.9(s)-5.8(t)0.2(a)-5.9(b)-4.9(ility)-541.8(o)-4.9(f)-536.7(fo)-4.9(a)-5.9(m)-2.3(s)-528.9(\()0.1(s)-5.8(u)-4.9(c)-5.9(h)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(as)-571.8(whi)5.5(pped)-570.9(e)-0.6(gg)-570.9(al)5.5(bumi)5.5(n)0.4(\))5.4(,)-573.1(t)5.5(o)-577.8(assi)5.5(st)-565.8(i)5.5(n)-577.8(l)5.5(eaveni)5.5(n)0.4(g)-564(i)5.5(n)-584.7(o)0.4(r)5.4(d)0.4(er)-565.8(t)5.5(o)-577.8(achi)5.5(e)-0.6(ve)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(desi)4.7(red)-241.3(vol)4.7(ume)-242.3(a)-1.4(nd)-241.3(avori)4.7(ng,)-236.7(and)-241.3(t)4.7(o)-248.2(m)2.3(axi)4.7(m)2.3(i)4.7(z)-1.4(e)-242.3(t)4.7(he)-249.2(performance)-235.4(of)-243.2(art)4.7(i)4.7()0.5(ci)4.7(al)]TJ T* [(preservat)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(es.)-229.7(A)-246.4(vari)4.8(et)4.8(y)-248.1(o)-0.3(f)-243.1(t)4.8(he)-242.2(food)-248.1(aci)4.8(ds)-242.1(previ)4.8(ousl)4.8(y)-234.4(ment)4.8(i)4.8(oned)-241.2(i)4.8(s)-249(u)-0.3(sed.)-229.7(For)]TJ T* [(exampl)4.8(e,)-236.6(ci)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(c)-249.1(aci)4.8(d)-248.1(t)4.8(radi)4.8(t)4.8(i)4.8(onal)4.8(l)4.8(y)-248.1(has)-242.1(b)-0.3(een)-234.4(favored)-241.2(by)-248.1(bakers)-235.2(for)-243.1(p)-0.3(i)4.8(e)-249.1(l)4.8(l)4.8(i)4.8(ngs.)]TJ T* [(Baki)4.7(ng)-482.2(powders)-483.1(\(l)4.7(eaveni)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-475.4(a)-1.4(gent)4.7(s\))-477.2(frequent)4.7(l)4.7(y)-489.1(wi)4.7(l)4.7(l)-490.9(cont)4.7(ai)4.7(n)-482.2(a)-1.4(di)4.7(pi)4.7(c)-490.1(aci)4.7(d,)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0029 Tc [(f)5.5(u)0.5(mar)5.5(i)5.6(c)-303.3(aci)5.6(d,)-290.8(and)-295.5(c)-0.5(r)5.5(eam)-292.8(of)-297.3(t)5.6(a)-0.5(r)5.5(t)5.6(ar)5.5(.)-297.7(F)1.4(umar)5.5(i)5.6(c)-303.3(aci)5.6(d,)-290.8(i)5.6(n)-302.4(par)5.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(c)-0.5(ul)5.6(ar)5.5(,)-297.7(h)0.5(as)-289.5(been)-295.5(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(choi)5.6(ce)-234.5(f)5.5(o)0.5(r)-249.1(l)5.6(eaveni)5.6(n)0.5(g)-226.7(s)-0.4(yst)5.6(e)-0.5(ms)-241.3(of)-242.3(cakes,)-228.9(p)0.5(ancakes,)-215.1(b)0.5(i)5.6(s)-0.4(cui)5.6(t)5.6(s)-0.4(,)-242.7(w)2.2(af)26.2(es,)-235.8(cr)5.5(acker)5.5(s,)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(cooki)5(es,)-339.6(a)-1.1(nd)-344.3(doughnut)5(s.)-332.7(Thi)5(s)-345.2(aci)5(d)-351.2(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-1(o)-344.3(p)-0.1(rovi)5(des)-345.2(t)5(he)-352.1(desi)5(red)-344.3(c)-1.1(haract)5(eri)5(s)-1(t)5(i)5(c)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(avor)-380.9(for)-394.7(s)-1.4(our)-380.9(rye)-393.8(b)-0.5(read)-90()-85.6(t)4.6(hi)4.6(s)-393.7(e)-1.5(l)4.6(i)4.6(m)2.2(i)4.6(n)-0.5(at)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-392.9(f)4.5(erment)4.6(at)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-386(o)-0.5(f)-394.7(t)4.6(he)-393.8(dough)-379.1(t)4.6(o)]TJ T* -0.0023 Tc [(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(h)-4.7(ie)-5.7(v)-4.7(e)-466.8(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(i)0.4(re)-5.7(d)-472.8()-3.8(a)-5.7(v)-4.7(o)-4.7(r)0.3(.)-475(L)-3.9(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(tic)-480.6(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(d)-472.8(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)-479.7(its)-480.5(s)-5.6(a)-5.7(lts)-480.5(s)-5.6(o)-4.7(me)-5.7(time)-5.7(s)-473.6(a)-5.7(r)0.3(e)-480.6(u)-4.7(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(d)-472.8(a)-5.7(s)]TJ T* 0.0014 Tc [(dough)-324.5(conditioners.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Aci)5(dul)5(ant)5(s)-317.6(are)-324.6(u)-0.1(sed)-316.8(i)5(n)-330.5(t)5(he)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 11.0261 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(sof)5.5(t)-290.5(dri)5.5(n)0.4(k)-282.8(b)0.4(everage)-269(i)5.5(ndust)5.5(r)-0.5(y)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.797 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(for)-326.6(p)-1.3(roduci)3.8(n)-1.3(g)-317.9(a)]TJ -23.9657 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(a)-1.2(rt)-401.2(t)4.9(a)-1.2(st)4.9(e,)-401.7(i)4.9(m)2.5(provi)4.9(ng)-399.4(avor)-394.4(bal)4.9(a)-1.2(nce,)-381(modi)4.9(fyi)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-406.3(t)4.9(he)-400.4(sweet)4.9(ness)-379.7(provi)4.9(ded)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0026 Tc [(by)-598.6(sugar)-593.6(a)-0.8(nd)-591.8(ot)5.3(her)-593.6(s)-0.7(weet)5.3(eners,)-587.1(ext)5.3(e)-0.8(ndi)5.3(ng)-591.8(shel)5.3(f)-593.6(l)5.3(i)5.3(f)5.2(e)-606.5(b)0.2(y)-598.6(r)5.2(educi)5.3(n)0.2(g)-598.6(p)0.2(H)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(val)4.5(u)-0.6(e)-455.8(o)-0.6(f)-456.7()0.3(nal)-449.8(p)-0.6(roduct)4.5(,)-450.2(and)-454.9(i)4.5(mprovi)4.5(ng)-461.8(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-455.8(p)-0.6(erformance)-449(of)-456.7(ant)4.5(i)4.5(m)2.1(i)4.5(c)-1.6(robi)4.5(al)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(agent)5.5(s)-0.5(.)-339.1(S)1.3(peci)5.5(c)-344.7(aci)5.5(dul)5.5(ant)5.5(s)-344.7(pr)5.4(ef)5.4(er)5.4(r)5.4(e)-0.6(d)-350.7(v)0.4(ar)5.4(y)-343.8(w)2.1(i)5.5(t)5.5(h)-357.5(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-351.6(t)5.5(ype)-351.6(of)-352.5(bever)5.4(a)-0.6(ge)-90.1()-84.7(i)5.5(.)5(e)-0.6(.)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(carbonated,)-354(non-carbonated,)]TJ 11.8521 0 TD 0.0003 Tc [(dry)-373.8(\(reconstituted)-366.9(b)-2.1(y)-373.8(a)]TJ 9.4018 0 TD 0.0001 Tc [(ddition)-367.1(o)-2.3(f)-375.8(w)-0.6(ater\),)-369.4(and)]TJ -21.2539 -1.1357 TD 0.0014 Tc [(l)4.1(o)-1(w-cal)4.1(ori)4.1(e)-332.4(product)4.1(s)-1.9(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0004 Tc [(In)-504.5(t)3.1(h)-2(e)-498.5(p)-2(roduct)3.1(i)3.1(o)-2(n)-490.7(o)-2(f)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 9.2229 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(conf)5.6(ect)5.6(i)5.6(ons)-434(and)-433.2(gel)5.6(a)0.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(n)-446.9(dessert)5.6(s,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.144 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(aci)5.7(dul)5.7(ant)5.7(s)-489(ar)5.6(e)]TJ -24.5094 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(u)-4.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(d)-417.8(ma)-5.8(in)-4.8(ly)-424.7(fo)-4.8(r)-433.4(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(h)-4.8(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(c)-5.8(in)-4.8(g)-404()-3.9(a)-5.8(v)-4.8(o)-4.8(r)0.2(,)-420(m)-2.1(a)-5.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(t)0.3(a)-5.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(i)0.3(n)-4.8(g)-424.7(v)-4.8(i)0.3(s)-5.7(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(s)-5.7(ity)-4.8(,)-420(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-417.8(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(t)0.3(ro)-4.8(llin)-4.8(g)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD 0.0021 Tc [(gel)-318.7(f)4.7(ormat)4.8(i)4.8(on.)-326.1(In)-323.8(confect)4.8(i)4.8(ons,)-312.3(s)-1.2(uch)-316.9(a)-1.3(s)-317.8(h)-0.3(ard)-323.8(candi)4.8(es,)-312.3(aci)4.8(dul)4.8(ant)4.8(s)-310.9(are)-324.8(u)-0.3(sed)-316.9(t)4.8(o)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(i)4.7(n)-0.4(crease)-283.6(t)4.7(art)4.7(n)-0.4(ess)-297.3(a)-1.4(nd)-289.5(t)4.7(o)-296.4(enhance)-283.6(frui)4.7(t)-298.2(avors.)-284.9(Aci)4.7(dul)4.7(ant)4.7(s)-290.4(al)4.7(so)-296.4(cont)4.7(ri)4.7(but)4.7(e)-290.5(t)4.7(o)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-331.6(ease)-317.8(o)-0.2(f)-332.4(m)2.5(anufact)4.9(uri)4.9(ng.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0026 Tc (In)Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.3559 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(dai)5.4(ry)-461.8(pr)33.8(oduct)5.4(s)-0.6(,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.8139 0 TD -0.0023 Tc [(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(d)-4.7(u)-4.7(l)0.4(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(ts)-5.6(,)-516.3(i)0.4(n)-527.8(a)-5.7(d)-4.7(d)-4.7(itio)-4.7(n)-521(t)0.4(o)-527.8(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(h)-4.7(ie)-5.7(v)-4.7(i)0.4(n)-4.7(g)-521(ma)-5.7(n)-4.7(y)-514.1(o)-4.7(f)-529.7(th)-4.7(e)]TJ -9.3124 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(foregoi)4.6(ng)-461.7(funct)4.6(i)4.6(ons,)-463.9(a)-1.5(l)4.6(s)-1.4(o)-461.7(h)-0.5(el)4.6(p)-468.6(t)4.6(o)-468.6(p)-0.5(rocess)-455.7(t)4.6(he)-469.5(product)4.6(s)-1.4(.)-457(A)1.2(s)-469.4(a)-1.5(n)-468.6(e)-1.5(xampl)4.6(e)-1.5(,)]TJ T* -0.0023 Tc [(a)-5.7(d)-4.7(ip)-4.7(ic)-384.2(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(i)0.4(d)-383.3(i)0.4(mp)-4.7(ro)-4.7(v)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-377.3(t)0.4(h)-4.7(e)-391.1(te)-5.7(x)-4.7(t)0.4(u)-4.7(r)0.3(e)-384.2(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)-383.3(me)-5.7(ltin)-4.7(g)-390.2(c)-5.7(h)-4.7(a)-5.7(ra)-5.7(c)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(r)0.3(is)-5.6(tic)-5.7(s)-370.4(o)-4.7(f)-385.1(p)-4.7(ro)-4.7(c)-5.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(d)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(cheese)-318(a)-1.4(nd)-323.9(cheese)-311.1(f)4.6(oods,)-326.2(w)1.3(here)-324.9(pH)-329.1(cont)4.7(rol)-325.7(i)4.7(s)-338.6(v)-0.4(ery)-323.9(i)4.7(mport)4.7(a)-1.4(nt)4.7(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0026 Tc (In)Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.2802 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(f)5.5(r)-0.5(ui)5.5(t)-400.6(and)-392(veget)5.5(abl)5.5(e)-386(p)0.4(r)33.9(o)0.4(cessi)5.5(ng)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.5816 0 TD [(,)-421.8(aci)5.4(dul)5.4(ant)5.4(s)-434.2(pl)5.4(ay)-447.1(somewhat)-435.1(di)5.4(f)26(f)5.3(er)5.3(ent)]TJ -15.0044 -1.1288 TD 0.002 Tc [(rol)4.7(e)-1.4(s)-496.9(t)4.7(han)-489.1(p)-0.4(revi)4.7(ousl)4.7(y)-489.1(descri)4.7(bed.)-484.5(These)-483.2(w)1.3(oul)4.7(d)-496(i)4.7(ncl)4.7(ude)-490.1(reduci)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-482.2(p)-0.4(rocess)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(heat)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-275.6(r)4.7(equi)4.8(rement)4.8(s)-269.6(t)4.8(hrough)-282.5(pH)-273.9(cont)4.8(rol)4.8(,)-277.9(i)4.8(n)-0.3(act)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(at)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-275.7(cert)4.8(a)-1.3(i)4.8(n)-282.5(enzymes)-262.8(t)4.8(hat)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(reduce)-249.3(s)-1.4(hel)4.6(f)-250.1(l)4.6(i)4.6(f)4.5(e,)-257.4(and)-248.3(c)-1.5(hel)4.6(a)-1.5(t)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-255.2(o)-0.5(f)-250.1(t)4.6(race)-256.1(met)4.6(a)-1.5(l)4.6(s)-256.1(t)4.6(h)-0.5(at)-250.1(may)-255.2(b)-0.5(e)-256.1(p)-0.5(resent)-243.2(\(t)4.6(hrough)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(c)-5.9(a)-5.9(t)0.2(a)-5.9(l)0.2(y)-4.9(tic)-329.4(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(z)-5.9(y)-4.9(ma)-5.9(tic)-322.5(o)-4.9(x)-4.9(i)0.2(d)-4.9(a)-5.9(tio)-4.9(n)-4.9(\))0.1(.)-323.8(C)-3.1(itric)-343.1(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(i)0.2(d)-328.4(i)0.2(s)-336.2(u)-4.9(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(d)-321.5(w)-3.2(id)-4.9(e)-5.9(l)0.2(y)-328.4(i)0.2(n)-335.3(c)-5.9(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(n)-4.9(e)-5.9(d)-314.7(fru)-4.9(its)-5.8(,)]TJ T* 0.0031 Tc [(such)-288.4(as)-296.2(apr)5.7(i)5.8(cot)5.8(s)-0.2(,)-290.6(p)0.7(eaches,)-276.9(p)0.7(ear)5.7(s,)-290.6(cher)5.7(r)5.7(i)5.8(es,)-290.6(a)-0.3(ppl)5.8(esauce,)-270(and)-295.3(g)0.7(r)5.7(a)-0.3(pes,)-283.8(t)5.8(o)-302.2(r)5.7(e)-0.3(t)5.8(a)-0.3(i)5.8(n)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-393.7()0.5(rmness)-379.9(of)-387.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-393.7(p)-0.4(roduct)4.7(s)-379.9(duri)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-385.9(p)-0.4(rocessi)4.7(ng.)-374.3(The)-386.8(aci)4.7(d)-385.9(a)-1.4(l)4.7(s)-1.3(o)-385.9(p)-0.4(rovi)4.7(des)-386.8(a)]TJ T* [(desi)4.8(rabl)4.8(e)-324.8(t)4.8(art)4.8(n)-0.3(ess)-324.7(i)4.8(n)-337.6(t)4.8(he)-331.7(nal)-318.7(product)4.8(s)-1.2(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0014 Tc [(In)-368.6(the)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 2.7875 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(pr)34.1(ocessed)-295.4(m)2.3(eat)-317.8()0.6(el)5.7(d,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.8994 0 TD 0.0028 Tc [(ci)5.5(t)5.5(r)5.4(i)5.5(c)-372.3(aci)5.5(d,)-352.9(al)5.5(ong)-364.4(wi)5.5(t)5.5(h)-364.4(oxi)5.5(dant)5.5(s,)-352.9(i)5.5(s)-372.2(used)-350.7(t)5.5(o)]TJ -12.8294 -1.1288 TD 0.002 Tc [(prevent)-401.4(r)4.6(anci)4.7(di)4.7(t)4.7(y)-413.4(i)4.7(n)-413.4(frankfurt)4.7(e)-1.4(rs)-414.3(and)-406.5(s)-1.3(ausages.)-388.1(Sodi)4.7(um)-410.7(ci)4.7(t)4.7(r)4.6(at)4.7(e)-414.3(i)4.7(s)-414.3(u)-0.4(sed)-406.5(i)4.7(n)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(processi)5.1(ng)-378.6(l)5.1(i)5.1(v)0(est)5.1(o)0(ck)-378.6(bl)5.1(ood,)-387.7(whi)5.1(c)-1(h)-385.5(i)5.1(s)-393.2(u)0(sed)-378.6(t)5.1(o)-399.2(m)2.7(anufact)5.1(ure)-379.5(s)-0.9(ome)-386.4(s)-0.9(ausages)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(and)-323.6(p)-0.1(et)-325.4(foods.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(Ac)-5.8(id)-4.8(u)-4.8(l)0.3(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(ts)-590.8(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-589.9(a)-5.8(lk)-4.8(a)-5.8(liz)-5.8(e)-5.8(r)0.2(s)-5.7(,)-592.1(lik)-4.8(e)-597.7(o)-4.8(th)-4.8(e)-5.8(r)-591.7(fo)-4.8(o)-4.8(d)-596.8(a)-5.8(d)-4.8(d)-4.8(itiv)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-5.7(,)-585.2(a)-5.8(re)-597.7(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(t)0.3(ro)-4.8(lle)-5.8(d)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0008 Tc [(by)-497.2(regulatory)-490.3(bodies)-491.2(in)-497.2(most)-492.1(industr)]TJ 15.7133 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ial)-491.8(n)-1.3(ations.)-492.2(S)-0.4(ome)-491(o)-1.3(f)-498.7(t)3.8(he)-497.8(additives)]TJ -15.7133 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(ment)5.5(i)5.5(oned)-488.3(i)5.5(n)-502.1(t)5.5(hi)5.5(s)-503(a)-0.6(r)5.4(t)5.5(i)5.5(c)-0.6(l)5.5(e)-503(ar)5.4(e)-496.1(c)-0.6(onsi)5.5(d)0.4(er)5.4(ed)-481.4(t)5.5(o)-502.1(be)-496.1(Gener)5.4(al)5.5(l)5.5(y)-495.2(Regar)5.4(d)0.4(ed)-481.4(as)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(Safe,)-393.4(havi)5(ng)-392.5(a)-393.4(G)1.6(RAS)-398.4(c)-1.1(l)5(a)-1.1(ssi)5(cat)5(i)5(on.)-380.9(These)-386.5(i)5(ncl)5(ude)-393.4(acet)5(i)5(c)-1.1(,)-387.8(a)-1.1(di)5(pi)5(c,)-387.8(ci)5(t)5(r)4.9(i)5(c)-1.1(,)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(gl)4.9(ucone)-345.3(del)4.9(t)4.9(a)-352.2(l)4.9(act)4.9(one,)-346.6(l)4.9(act)4.9(i)4.9(c)-1.2(,)-353.5(m)2.5(al)4.9(i)4.9(c)-1.2(,)-353.5(phosphori)4.9(c)-1.2(,)-332.8(a)-1.2(nd)-351.3(t)4.9(a)-1.2(rt)4.9(ari)4.9(c)-359.1(aci)4.9(ds.)-346.6(O)1.5(t)4.9(h)-0.2(ers)]TJ 0 -1.1288 TD -0.0018 Tc [(a)-5.2(r)0.8(e)-225.4(c)-5.2(o)-4.2(v)-4.2(e)-5.2(re)-5.2(d)-217.6(b)-4.2(y)-224.5(t)0.9(h)-4.2(e)-225.4(Co)-4.2(d)-4.2(e)-225.4(o)-4.2(f)-226.3(Fe)-5.2(d)-4.2(e)-5.2(ra)-5.2(l)-212.5(R)-2.4(e)-5.2(g)-4.2(is)-5.1(tra)-5.2(tio)-4.2(n)-224.5(\()0.8(FDA\))-233.2(in)-224.5(th)-4.2(e)-232.3(U)-2.5(n)-4.2(ite)-5.2(d)-334.6(S)-3.3(ta)-5.2(te)-5.2(s)-5.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0029 Tc [(A)-376.3(v)0.5(er)5.5(y)-378.1(o)0.5(r)5.5(d)0.5(er)5.5(l)5.6(y)-378.1(and)-371.2(i)5.6(nf)5.5(or)5.5(mat)5.6(i)5.6(v)0.5(e)-379(a)-0.5(r)5.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(c)-0.5(l)5.6(e)-337.7(\()5.5(D)2.2(zi)5.6(ezak)-364.3(1990\))-373(i)5.6(s)-379(suggest)5.6(ed)-357.4(as)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(a)-331.9(s)-1.4(ource)-325(of)-325.8(det)4.6(a)-1.5(i)4.6(l)4.6(e)-1.5(d)-324(i)4.6(nformat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-337.8(o)-0.5(n)-330.9(t)4.6(hi)4.6(s)-331.8(t)4.6(opi)4.6(c.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 43.0315 81.6029 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-333.4(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 308.76 756.915 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(Dziezak,)-333.5(J.D.:)-445.4()0.4(Acidulants:)-445.4(I)-1.9(ngredients)-443.2(T)-3.6(hat)-437.6(D)-1.4(o)-441(M)2.4(ore)-442.6(t)-2.5(han)-441(M)2.4(eet)-445.4(the)-442.6(A)-1.4(cid)-433.2(T)66.3(est,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 1.0025 -1.1656 TD -0.002 Tc [(F)-4.9(ood)-294.6(T)87.7(e)-0.9(chy.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 4.9424 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(,)-341.9(7)1.4(6)-340.6(\()-2.5(January)-340.6(1990\).)]TJ -5.9448 -1.1656 TD -0.0007 Tc [(Igoe,)-341.3(R)-2(.S.:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 4.9268 0 TD -0.001 Tc [(Dictionary)-505.1(o)1.7(f)-507.9(F)-3.9(ood)-511.2(Ingr)38.3(edients,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.0656 0 TD -0.0003 Tc [(Chapman)-572.7(&)-566.7(Hall,)-566.3(N)-1(ew)-560.5(Y)100(o)2.4(rk,)-574(NY,)]TJ -17.9899 -1.1579 TD -0.0027 Tc (1999.)Tj -1.0025 -1.1656 TD 0.0002 Tc [(Kirk,)-332.6(R)-1.1(.E.)-239.4(a)1.3(nd)-253.6(D.F.)-332.6(Othmer:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 11.8197 0 TD -0.0012 Tc [(E)-4.1(n)1.5(cyclopedia)-231.7(o)1.5(f)-220.5(C)-2.5(hemical)-228.3(T)88.5(echnology,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 15.783 0 TD -0.0003 Tc [(4th)-254.1(E)-3.2(dition,)-239.9(V)131.1(o)2.4(l.)]TJ -26.6002 -1.1656 TD -0.0014 Tc [(6,)-334.2(John)-340.7(W)41.2(iley)-332.9(&)-334.7(S)-4.9(ons,)-342(N)-2.1(ew)-328.5(Y)98.9(o)1.3(rk,)-342(NY,)-334.2(1993.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0011 Tc [(T)65.9(o)1.6(ledo,)-333.9(R.T)-4(.)0.2(:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 6.007 0 TD -0.0014 Tc [(F)-4.3(undamentals)-560.5(of)-539.3(F)-4.3(ood)-550.5(P)-4.3(r)37.9(ocess)-544.9(E)-4.3(ngineering)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 18.8447 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(,)-621.5(2nd)-620.1(E)-4(d)1.6(ition,)-605.9(Aspen)]TJ -23.8493 -1.1656 TD -0.0012 Tc [(P)-4.7(ublishers,)-334(I)-2.4(nc.,)-334(Gaithersbur)13.2(g,)-341.8(MD,)-334(1999.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 673.215 Tm 0.0006 Tc (ACMITE-AEGERINE.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 11.0261 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Acmi)4.4(t)4.4(e)-566.1(i)4.4(s)-559.1(a)-566.1(c)-1.7(omparat)4.4(i)4.4(v)-0.7(el)4.4(y)-551.4(r)4.3(are)-566.1(r)4.3(ock-maki)4.4(ng)]TJ -11.0261 -1.1426 TD 0.0004 Tc [(mineral,)-369(usually)-359.9(found)-366.8(in)-373.7(nephelite)-367.8(sy)]TJ 15.7202 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(enites)-360.4(o)-1.6(r)-361.4(o)-1.6(ther)-368.2(nephelite)-360.5(or)-368.2(leucite-)]TJ -15.7202 -1.1425 TD 0.0015 Tc [(bearing)-338.2(r)4.1(ocks,)-340.4(a)-1.9(s)-346(phonolites.)-333.5(Chemica)]TJ 15.6238 0 TD 0.0001 Tc [(lly,)-341.8(i)2.8(t)-355.1(i)2.8(s)-354.2(a)-347.4(soda-iron)-339.6(s)-3.2(ilicate,)-348.7(and)-346.5(its)]TJ -15.6238 -1.1494 TD 0.0016 Tc [(name)-332.1(refers)-345.9(t)4.3(o)-345(i)4.3(t)4.3(s)-345.9(sharpl)4.3(y)-338.1(poi)4.3(nt)4.3(ed)-338.1(monocl)4.3(i)4.3(n)-0.8(i)4.3(c)-339(cryst)4.3(a)-1.8(l)4.3(s)-1.7(.)-333.4(B)1(l)4.3(unt)4.3(l)4.3(y)-345(t)4.3(e)-1.8(rmi)4.3(n)-0.8(at)4.3(ed)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(cryst)4.4(a)-1.7(l)4.4(s)-297.6(form)-307.8(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-297.6(v)-0.7(ari)4.4(e)-1.7(t)4.4(y)-303.6(aegeri)4.4(n)-0.7(e,)-292(named)-289.8(f)4.3(or)-305.4(Aegi)4.4(r,)-298.9(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-304.5(I)4.3(cel)4.4(andi)4.4(c)-297.6(s)-1.6(ea)-325.2(god.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Acmi)4.8(t)4.8(e)-366.1(has)-352.2(a)-359.2(hardness)-352.2(of)-360.1(6)-358.2(t)4.8(o)-365.1(6)-0.3(.5,)-360.5(s)-1.2(peci)4.8(c)-352.3(gravi)4.8(t)4.8(y)-358.2(3.5,)-360.5(vi)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(eous;)-353.1(c)-1.3(ol)4.8(or)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(br)5.4(own)-330(t)5.5(o)-336.9(g)0.4(r)5.4(eeni)5.5(s)-0.5(h-)5.4(bl)5.5(ack)-323.1(\()5.4(aeger)5.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(e\))5.4(,)-325.4(o)0.4(r)-331.8(r)5.4(ed-)5.4(b)0.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(wn)-330(t)5.5(o)-336.9(dar)5.4(k)-336.9(gr)5.4(een)-323.1(and)-330(b)0.4(l)5.5(ack)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(\(acmi)4.4(t)4.4(e)-1.7(\).)-271.4(Acmi)4.4(t)4.4(e)-270.1(i)4.4(s)-276.9(synonymous)-249.4(wi)4.4(t)4.4(h)-276.1(aegeri)4.4(n)-0.7(e,)-264.5(but)-264(usual)4.4(l)4.4(y)-262.3(rest)4.4(ri)4.4(ct)4.4(ed)-276(t)4.4(o)-269.2(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(lo)-5.1(n)-5.1(g)-335.5(s)-6(l)0(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(r)-323.6(c)-6.1(ry)-5.1(s)-6(t)0(a)-6.1(llin)-5.1(e)-329.6(v)-5.1(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(ie)-6.1(ty)-335.5(o)-5.1(f)-337.3(b)-5.1(r)-0.1(o)-5.1(w)-3.4(n)-328.6(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(l)0(o)-5.1(r)-0.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD -0.0018 Tc [(Th)-4.2(e)-610.9(o)-4.2(rig)-4.2(i)0.9(n)-4.2(a)-5.2(l)-618.6(a)-5.2(c)-5.2(m)-1.5(ite)-610.9(lo)-4.2(c)-5.2(a)-5.2(lity)-623.7(is)-617.7(in)-616.8(Gre)-5.2(e)-5.2(n)-4.2(la)-5.2(n)-4.2(d)-4.2(.)-605.3(No)-4.2(rwa)-5.2(y)-4.2(,)-612.2(t)0.9(h)-4.2(e)-617.7(fo)-4.2(rme)-5.2(r)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(U.)4.5(S.)4.5(S.)4.5(R.)4.5(,)-374(K)1.6(enya,)-367.1(I)4.9(ndi)5(a,)-367.1(and)-371.8(M)3.4(t)5(.)-374(St)5(.)-374(H)1.6(i)5(l)5(a)-1.1(i)5(r)4.9(e,)-380.9(Quebec,)-353.4(Canada)-365.9(f)4.9(u)-0.1(r)4.9(n)-0.1(i)5(s)-1(h)-371.8()0.8(ne)]TJ T* 0.0008 Tc [(specimens.)-251.6(U)0.1(nited)-270.1(S)-0.7(tate)]TJ 9.684 0 TD [(s)-270.9(l)3.5(ocalities)-270.9(a)-2.6(re)-271(Magnet)-264.9(C)0.2(ove)]TJ 11.4873 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(,)-264.1(A)1.4(rkansas,)-250.3(and)-268.8(L)0.5(ibby,)]TJ -21.1713 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(Mont)5.5(ana,)-318.5(wher)5.4(e)-324.1(a)-331(var)5.4(i)5.5(et)5.5(y)-330(car)5.4(r)5.4(y)0.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)-330(v)0.4(anadi)5.5(u)0.4(m)-313.6(o)0.4(ccur)5.4(s)-0.5(.)]TJ 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[(Ac)-3.7(role)-3.7(in)-704.8(\(2-prope)-3.7(na)-3.7(l\),)-700.1(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 550.92 480.6151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 554.46 481.9351 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 560.76 480.6151 Tm (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 564.2999 481.9351 Tm 0.0007 Tc (O,)Tj -29.314 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(s)-730.5(t)5.1(h)0(e)-730.6(s)-0.9(i)5.1(m)2.6(pl)5.1(est)-724.5(unsat)5.1(urat)5.1(ed)-715.9(al)5.1(dehyde)-716.8(\(CH)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 472.86 470.655 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 476.46 472.575 Tm (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7778 -0.0688 TD 0.0005 Tc [(CHCHO\).)-733.7(T)-1.1(he)-725.6(pri)3.2(m)0.8(ary)]TJ -20.0153 -1.1426 TD -0.0027 Tc [(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(is)-6(tic)-591.1(o)-5.1(f)-592(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(r)-0.1(o)-5.1(l)0(e)-6.1(i)0(n)-597.1(i)0(s)-597.9(its)-604.8(h)-5.1(i)0(g)-5.1(h)-597.1(re)-6.1(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(tiv)-5.1(ity)-597.1(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(e)-598(to)-597.1(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(j)0(u)-5.1(g)-5.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-590.2(o)-5.1(f)]TJ 0 -1.1494 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[(food)-330.5(packagi)5(n)-0.1(g)-309.9(a)-1.1(ppl)5(i)5(cat)5(i)5(ons,)-319(pot)5(abl)5(e)-324.6(wat)5(e)-1.1(r,)-332.7(and)-323.6(d)-0.1(i)5(r)4.9(ect)-325.4(food)-330.5(appl)5(i)5(cat)5(i)5(ons.)]TJ 21.557 -1.9547 TD 0 Tc (J)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 220.1399 361.695 Tm -0.0023 Tc (OSEPH)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 244.3206 361.695 Tm 0 Tc (K)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 250.6205 361.695 Tm -0.0009 Tc (OZAKIEWICZ)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 252.6 351.735 Tm 0 Tc (D)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 258.8999 351.735 Tm -0.1242 Tc [(AV)-124.9(I)-121.3(D)]TJ 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 277.7404 351.735 Tm 0 Tc (L)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 283.0803 351.735 Tm -0.0029 Tc (IPP)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 182.88 341.775 Tm 0.0021 Tc [(Amer)4.7(i)4.8(can)-323.8(Cyanami)4.8(d)-323.8(Company)]TJ /F2 1 Tf -6.7521 -2.1681 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-326.5(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 28.8 309.075 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(Kulicke,)-333.5(W)3(.M.,)-349.1(R.)-333.5(Kniewske,)-333.5(a)0.4(nd)-340(J.)-333.5(Klein:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 18.0832 0 TD 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[(Myagchenkov,)-357.9(V.A.)-738.7(and)-745.2(V)-2.5(.F)-5.3(.)-334.6(K)-2.5(urenkov:)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 18.293 0 TD -0.0007 Tc [(P)-3.6(o)2(lym.-P)-3.6(last.)-652.1(T)89(echnol.)-659.9(E)-3.6(ng.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.7367 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (30)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9947 0 TD -0.0005 Tc (\(2,3\),)Tj -31.0219 -1.1579 TD -0.002 Tc [(109)-92.6()-92.6(135)-341.3(\(1991\).)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 235.9951 Tm 0.0006 Tc [(ACR)34.3(YLA)75.6(TES)-558.4(AND)-557.6(METHACR)34.3(YLA)75.6(TES.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 19.7121 0 TD 0.0027 Tc [(A)-555.5(w)2(i)5.4(d)0.3(e)-558.2(r)5.3(ange)-551.3(of)-559.1(pl)5.4(ast)5.4(i)5.4(c)]TJ -19.7121 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(mat)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(al)5.6(s)-434(t)5.6(hat)-428(d)0.5(at)5.6(e)-427.2(b)0.5(ack)-426.3(t)5.6(o)-433.2(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-434.1(p)0.5(i)5.6(oneer)5.5(i)5.6(n)0.5(g)-419.4(w)2.2(or)5.5(k)-433.2(o)0.5(f)-428.1(R)2.3(edt)5.6(e)-0.5(nbacher)-407.4(bef)5.5(o)0.5(r)5.5(e)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc 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[(mers)-435.9(and)-428.2(t)3.7(ri)3.7(mers\))-443.8(obt)3.7(ai)3.7(ned)-428.2(from)-446.1(t)3.7(he)]TJ -14.9286 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(act)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-475(o)0(f)-476.8(s)-0.9(odi)5.1(um)-472.3(al)5.1(koxi)5.1(des)-468.9(o)0(n)-475(m)2.7(et)5.1(hyl)-476.7(and)-468.1(e)-1(t)5.1(hyl)-476.7(acryl)5.1(at)5.1(e.)-470.3(Short)5.1(l)5.1(y)-481.8(aft)5.1(e)-1(r)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(W)85.8(o)-0.3(rl)4.8(d)-427.1(W)85.8(ar)-422(I,)-429.3(Rohm)-417.5(i)4.8(n)-0.3(t)4.8(r)4.7(oduced)-413.3(a)-421.1(n)-0.3(ew)-418.4(acryl)4.8(at)4.8(e)-414.2(s)-1.2(ynt)4.8(hesi)4.8(s,)-408.6(not)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-420.2(t)4.8(hat)-421.9(a)-1.3(n)]TJ T* [(acryl)4.7(at)4.7(e)-400.6(i)4.7(s)-407.4(f)4.6(ormed)-406.5(i)4.7(n)-406.5(good)-399.6(yi)4.7(el)4.7(d)-399.6(from)-410.7(h)-0.4(eat)4.7(i)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-399.6(e)-1.4(t)4.7(hyl)4.7(ene)-393.7(c)-1.4(yanohydri)4.7(n)-385.9(and)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(sul)5.2(f)5.1(uri)5.2(c)-489.6(aci)5.2(d)-481.7(a)-0.9(nd)-481.7(al)5.2(cohol)5.2(.)-477.1(A)-486.9(maj)5.2(o)0.1(r)-483.6(i)5.2(ncent)5.2(i)5.2(v)0.1(e)-475.8(f)5.1(or)-490.4(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-482.7(d)0.1(evel)5.2(opment)-469.7(o)0.1(f)-483.6(a)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(cl)5.1(ear,)-442.8(t)5.1(ough)-440.5(pl)5.1(ast)5.1(i)5.1(c)-441.5(acryl)5.1(at)5.1(e)-448.4(w)1.7(as)-441.4(i)5.1(n)-447.4(connect)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-433.7(w)1.7(i)5.1(t)5.1(h)-447.4(t)5.1(h)0(e)-448.4(m)2.7(anufact)5.1(ure)-434.6(o)0(f)]TJ T* 0.0031 Tc [(saf)5.7(e)-0.3(t)5.8(y)-322.8(gl)5.8(ass.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(Et)4.7(hyl)-367(met)4.7(h)-0.4(acryl)4.7(at)4.7(e)-359.3(w)1.3(ent)-367(i)4.7(nt)4.7(o)-372.1(c)-1.4(ommerci)4.7(a)-1.4(l)-353.2(p)-0.4(roduct)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-365.2(a)-1.4(s)-366.1(earl)4.7(y)-365.2(as)-366.1(1933.)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(The)-324.2(s)-0.6(ynt)5.4(hesi)5.4(s)-324.1(p)0.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(ceeded)-309.5(i)5.4(n)-330.1(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-331.1(f)5.3(ol)5.4(l)5.4(o)0.3(wi)5.4(ng)-337(st)5.4(eps:)]TJ 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 357.66 771.675 Tm 0.0005 Tc [(T)84.5(A)-0.2(BLE)-337.1(2)3.6(.)-502.3(S)-0.6(UPPLIERS)-331.8(OF)-331.8(POL)99.6(Y)112.7(ACR)50.2(Y)-0.2(LAMIDE)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 308.754 766.761 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 755.295 Tm -0.0017 Tc [(R)-4.7(e)-1.9(gion)-15069.9(C)-4.7(o)1.4(mpanies)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -0.54 308.754 749.721 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 738.735 Tm -0.0002 Tc [(United)-335.8(S)-1.3(tates)-3676.4(A)-0.9(llied)-328.3(C)-3.2(olloids,)-337.4(Inc.)]TJ 9.1241 -1.1292 TD -0.0004 Tc [(American)-336(Cyanamid)-336(Co.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0025 Tc [(Aqua)-341.4(B)-5.5(e)-2.7(n)-330.6(C)-5.5(orp.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0009 Tc [(B)-3.9(e)-1.1(tz)-324.8(Laboratories)-3.4(,)-345.6(Inc.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD 0.0005 Tc [(Calg)3.6(o)3.6(n)-335.1(Co)3.6(rp)3.6(.)-336.7(\()2.3(Merck)-335.1(&)-335.7(Co)3.6(.\))]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0003 Tc [(Chemtall,)-330(Inc.)-337.5(\(SNF)-340.2(Floer)16.5(g)2.8(er\))]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0007 Tc [(Dearborn)-343.9(C)-3.7(hemical)-332.5(Co.)-330.4(\()1.1(W.)-345.4(R.)-330.4(Grace)-332.1(&)-336.9(C)-3.7(o.\))]TJ T* -0.0011 Tc [(The)-340(D)-1.8(ow)-333(Chemical)-332.9(Company)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0007 Tc [(Drew)-332.6(Chemical)-332.5(Corporation)-351.4(\()1.1(Ashland)-336.3(C)-3.7(hemical,)-337.9(I)1.1(nc.\))]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0014 Tc [(Exxon)-344.6(C)-4.4(h)1.7(emical)-333.2(C)-4.4(o)1.7(.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0006 Tc [(Hercules)-3.1(,)-330.3(I)1.2(nc.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0002 Tc [(Nalco)-328.3(C)-3.2(hemical)-339.5(Co.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Polypure,)-346(Inc.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD [(Secodyne,)-346.1(I)0.4(nc.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0015 Tc [(Stockhaus)-4(en,)-346.2(I)0.3(nc.)]TJ -9.1241 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc [(Europe)-6249.5(Allied)-329.1(C)-4(olloids,)-338.2(Ltd.)]TJ 9.1241 -1.1217 TD -0.0004 Tc [(American)-336(Cyanamid)-336(Co.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD 0.0012 Tc [(BASF)-323.6(AG)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0006 Tc [(Chemische)-332(F)-1.7(abrik)-336.2(S)-1.7(tockhausen)-343.8(&)-336.8(C)-3.6(ie)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0011 Tc [(The)-340(D)-1.8(ow)-333(Chemical)-332.9(Company)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0004 Tc [(SNF)-332.7(F)-1.5(loer)16.4(ger)-337.4(\()1.4(France\))]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0009 Tc [(Kemira)-332.3(Oy)-336.5(\(Finland\))]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0025 Tc [(R)-5.5(ohm)-338.7(GmbH)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc (Rh)Tj 1.2497 -0.0075 TD 0 Tc ()Tj -0.0828 0.0075 TD -0.0009 Tc [(one-Poulenc)-347.4(S)-2(pecialties)-334.6(C)-3.9(himiques)-342.1(\()0.9(France\))]TJ -10.291 -1.1292 TD -0.0015 Tc [(J)-4(a)-1.7(pan)-6849(D)-2.2(ai-Ichi)-340.8(Kogyo)-337.1(Seiyaku)-344.7(C)-4.5(o.,)-331.2(L)-0.3(td.)]TJ 9.1241 -1.1217 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Kurita)-332.5(W)84.7(a)-1.3(ter)-345.6(I)0.7(ndus)-3.6(tries)-3.6(,)-338.3(Ltd.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Kyorits)-4.1(u)-337.2(Y)110.6(uki)-340.9(C)-4.6(o)1.5(.,)-338.8(Ltd.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Mits)-3.6(ubis)-3.6(h)2(i)-332.9(C)-4.1(hemical)-340.4(Indus)-3.6(tries)-3.6(,)-338.3(Ltd.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Mits)-3.8(ui-C)-4.3(yanamid,)-338.5(Ltd.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0015 Tc [(Sankyo)-337.1(Kas)-4(e)-1.7(i)-333.3(C)-4.5(o.,)-338.7(L)-0.3(td.)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Sanyo)-336.9(C)-4.3(h)1.8(emical)-333.1(Indus)-3.8(tries)-3.8(,)-346(Ltd.)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0017 Tc [(T)67.3(a)-1.9(kenaka)-340.6(Komuten)-344.9(C)-4.7(o.,)-331.4(L)-0.5(td.)]TJ T* -0.0014 Tc [(T)67.6(o)1.7(a)-332.8(G)-2.1(os)-3.9(ei)-333.2(C)-4.4(h)1.7(emical)-340.7(Indus)-3.9(try)-344.6(C)-4.4(o.,)-338.6(L)-0.2(td.)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 308.754 445.341 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 317.46 424.2751 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(\(1\))-1000.1(A)1.5(cet)4.9(one)-462.3(and)-468.3(hydrogen)-454.5(c)-1.2(yani)4.9(de,)-456.7(g)-0.2(enerat)4.9(ed)-461.4(from)-472.5(s)-1.1(odi)4.9(um)-465.6(cyani)4.9(d)-0.2(e)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(and)-323.1(aci)5.5(d,)-325.4(gave)-324.1(acet)5.5(one)-317.2(cyanohydr)5.4(i)5.5(n)]TJ 4.1916 -1.9065 TD 0.0007 Tc (HCN)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.3332 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 414.12 396.375 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 417.66 397.695 Tm 0.0006 Tc (COCH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 441.84 396.375 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 447.84 397.695 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 489.54 396.375 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 493.08 397.695 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 496.32 396.375 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.86 397.695 Tm -0.0003 Tc (C\(OH\)CN)Tj -20.9238 -1.9065 TD 0.0027 Tc [(\()5.3(2)0.3(\))-999.6(T)1.1(he)-234.7(acet)5.4(one)-220.9(cyanohydr)5.3(i)5.4(n)-220(was)-234.6(c)-0.7(onver)5.3(t)5.4(ed)-226.9(t)5.4(o)-240.6(et)5.4(hyl)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 21.7288 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(-hydroxyi)4.5(sobut)4.5(y-)]TJ -20.1733 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(rat)5.1(e)-331.4(by)-330.4(react)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-323.5(w)1.7(i)5.1(t)5.1(h)-337.3(et)5.1(hyl)-325.3(al)5.1(cohol)-318.4(and)-323.5(d)0(i)5.1(l)5.1(u)0(t)5.1(e)-338.2(sul)5.1(f)5(uri)5.1(c)-331.4(aci)5.1(d)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 1.1701 -2.4296 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 361.92 348.5551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 365.52 349.875 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 368.76 348.5551 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 372.3 349.875 Tm -0.0003 Tc (C\(OH\)CN)Tj /F5 1 Tf 4.3912 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 425.1 348.5551 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 428.64 349.875 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 434.94 348.5551 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 438.48 349.875 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.26 356.8951 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 458.64 355.9951 Tm (2)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 461.34 356.8951 Tm 0.0045 Tc (SO)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 469.14 355.9951 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 451.08 349.875 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F6 1 Tf 2.7462 0 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 490.38 348.5551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 493.92 349.875 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 497.16 348.5551 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 500.7 349.875 Tm -0.0001 Tc (C\(OH\)COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 549.12 348.015 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 552.66 349.875 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 558.96 348.5551 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 317.46 333.195 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(\(3\))-1000.1(T)0.6(he)-393.5(hydroxy)-392.6(est)4.9(e)-1.2(r)-401.3(w)1.5(as)-393.4(dehydrat)4.9(ed)-385.7(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-413.2(phosphorus)-379.7(pent)4.9(oxi)4.9(de)-393.5(t)4.9(o)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(produce)-318(e)-1.4(t)4.7(hyl)-325.7(met)4.7(h)-0.4(acryl)4.7(at)4.7(e)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 2.1199 -2.4365 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 370.2 300.675 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 373.74 301.995 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 376.98 300.675 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 380.52 301.995 Tm -0.0001 Tc (C\(OH\)COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 428.94 300.135 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 432.48 301.995 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 438.78 300.675 Tm (5)Tj 1.4652 1.3668 TD (P)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 451.14 308.1151 Tm (2)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 453.78 309.015 Tm (O)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 458.16 308.1151 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 442.32 301.995 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.7462 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 478.38 300.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 481.92 302.595 Tm (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7778 -0.0688 TD (C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 509.88 300.675 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 513.42 301.995 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 540.9 300.675 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 544.44 301.995 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 550.74 300.675 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.72 278.955 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(In)-351(1936,)-332.5(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-351.9(m)2.7(et)5.2(hyl)-338.9(est)5.2(e)-0.9(r)-339(o)0.1(f)-345.9(m)2.8(et)5.2(hacryl)5.2(i)5.2(c)-338.1(aci)5.2(d)-344.1(w)1.8(as)-345(i)5.2(n)0.1(t)5.2(r)5.1(oduced)-337.2(and)-344.1(u)0.1(sed)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(o)-282.4(produce)-269.6(a)-1.2(n)-282.4()-1.2(or)25.5(gani)4.9(c)-276.5(g)-0.2(l)4.9(a)-1.2(ss)-269.6(by)-282.4(cast)-270.4(pol)4.9(ymeri)4.9(zat)4.9(i)4.9(on.)-277.8(Met)4.9(hyl)-277.3(met)4.9(h)-0.2(acryl)4.9(at)4.9(e)]TJ T* 0.0006 Tc [(was)-567.1(m)0.9(ade)-560.3(i)3.3(nitially)-580(through)-566.2(methyl)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 15.5756 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(-hydroxyi)4.5(sobut)4.5(yrat)4.5(e)-552.2(b)-0.6(y)-565(t)4.5(he)-566(same)]TJ -16.1882 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(process)-317.9(p)-0.4(revi)4.7(ousl)4.7(y)-323.9(i)4.7(ndi)4.7(cat)4.7(ed)-330.8(for)-332.6(t)4.7(he)-331.8(et)4.7(hyl)-325.7(est)4.7(e)-1.4(r.)-326.2(Over)-325.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-331.8(y)-0.4(ears,)-326.2(numerous)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(pr)5.5(ocess)-392.7(c)-0.5(hanges)-392.7(h)0.5(ave)-399.7(o)0.5(ccur)5.5(r)5.5(e)-0.5(d)-405.6(a)-0.5(nd)-398.7(cost)5.6(s)-406.5(l)5.6(ower)5.5(ed,)-401(m)3.2(aki)5.6(n)0.5(g)-405.6(t)5.6(hese)-399.7(pl)5.6(ast)5.6(i)5.6(c)-0.5(s)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(avai)4.9(l)4.9(a)-1.2(bl)4.9(e)-524.3(o)-0.2(n)-530.2(a)-531.2(hi)4.9(gh)-530.2(product)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-523.3(b)-0.2(asi)4.9(s)-524.2(for)-532(m)2.5(any)-523.3(hundreds)-524.2(o)-0.2(f)-525.1(u)-0.2(ses.)-518.7(For)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(exampl)4.8(e,)-236.6(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-249.1(hydrogen)-234.4(c)-1.3(yani)4.8(de)-242.2(requi)4.8(red)-241.2(i)4.8(s)-255.9(now)-246.4(produced)-234.4(cat)4.8(al)4.8(yt)4.8(i)4.8(cal)4.8(l)4.8(y)-248.1(from)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(nat)5.1(u)0(r)5(a)-1(l)-325.3(g)0(as,)-318.9(a)-1(mmoni)5.1(a,)-325.8(and)-323.5(a)-1(i)5.1(r)5(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0018 Tc [(As)-569.5(with)-575.5(mo)-4.2(s)-5.1(t)-563.5(s)-5.1(y)-4.2(n)-4.2(t)0.9(h)-4.2(e)-5.2(tic)-562.7(p)-4.2(l)0.9(a)-5.2(s)-5.1(tic)-569.6(ma)-5.2(te)-5.2(ria)-5.2(l)0.9(s)-5.1(,)-570.8(th)-4.2(e)-5.2(y)-568.6(c)-5.2(o)-4.2(mme)-5.2(n)-4.2(c)-5.2(e)-555.8(w)-2.5(ith)-568.6(th)-4.2(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(monomers.)-635.7(Any)-640.3(o)-0.2(f)-642.2(t)4.9(he)-641.3(common)-640.3(processes,)-621.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(cl)4.9(udi)4.9(ng)-640.3(bul)4.9(k,)-635.7(sol)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(on,)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(emul)5(si)5(on,)-752.6(or)-759.1(suspensi)5(on)-736.6(syst)5(ems)-758.1(m)2.6(ay)-757.3(be)-758.2(used)-750.4(i)5(n)-764.1(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-765.1(free-radi)5(cal)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-392.9(o)-0.5(r)-401.6(c)-1.5(opol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-386(o)]TJ 15.5963 0 TD [(f)-394.7(acryl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-400.7(monomers.)-395.1(The)-393.8(m)2.2(ol)4.6(ecul)4.6(a)-1.5(r)]TJ -15.5963 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(wei)4.7(ght)-318.8(and)-323.9(physi)4.7(cal)-311.9(propert)4.7(i)4.7(e)-1.4(s)-324.8(o)-0.4(f)-325.8(t)4.7(he)-331.8(product)4.7(s)-317.9(may)-323.9(b)-0.4(e)-324.9(v)-0.4(ari)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-323.9(over)-318.9(a)-331.8(wi)4.7(de)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(range)-379.8(by)-378.9(proper)-380.7(s)-1.2(el)4.8(ect)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-378.9(o)-0.3(f)-380.7(acryl)4.8(i)4.8(c)-386.7(monomer)-373.8(and)-378.9(m)2.4(onomer)-373.8(mi)4.8(xes,)-381.1(t)4.8(ype)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(of)-325.3(process,)-318.9(and)-323.5(p)0(rocess)-317.5(c)-1(ondi)5.1(t)5.1(i)5.1(ons.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(In)-475.5(bul)4.6(k)-475.5(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zat)4.6(i)4.6(on,)-463.9(no)-468.6(sol)4.6(v)-0.5(ent)4.6(s)-469.4(are)-469.5(e)-1.5(mpl)4.6(oyed)-461.7(a)-1.5(nd)-468.6(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-476.4(m)2.2(onomer)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(act)5(s)-393.3(a)-1.1(s)-393.3(t)5(he)-393.4(sol)5(v)-0.1(ent)-387.3(a)-1.1(nd)-392.5(cont)5(i)5(nuous)-386.5(phase)-379.6(i)5(n)-399.3(whi)5(c)-1.1(h)-399.3(t)5(he)-393.4(process)-386.5(i)5(s)-400.2(carri)5(ed)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(out)4.4(.)-395.3(C)1.1(ommerci)4.4(a)-1.7(l)-387.9(bul)4.4(k)-393.1(p)-0.7(rocesses)-380.2(f)4.3(or)-394.9(acryl)4.4(i)4.4(c)-394(pol)4.4(ymers)-393.9(a)-1.7(re)-394(used)-386.2(mai)4.4(n)-0.7(l)4.4(y)-399.9(i)4.4(n)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-476(p)-0.1(roduct)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-461.3(o)-0.1(f)-470(s)-1(heet)5(s,)-463.5(rods)-469(and)-468.2(t)5(ubes.)-463.5(Bul)5(k)-475.1(processes)-455.3(a)-1.1(re)-469.1(al)5(so)-475.1(used)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(on)-578.4(a)-586.2(m)2.5(uch)-578.4(s)-1.1(mal)4.9(l)4.9(e)-1.2(r)-580.2(s)-1.1(cal)4.9(e)-579.3(i)4.9(n)-585.3(t)4.9(he)-586.2(preparat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-578.4(o)-0.2(f)-587.1(d)-0.2(ent)4.9(u)-0.2(res)-572.4(a)-1.2(nd)-578.4(novel)4.9(t)4.9(y)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc 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[(mo)-4.3(s)-5.2(e)-5.3(ttin)-4.3(g)-458.6(p)-4.3(ro)-4.3(te)-5.3(c)-5.3(tiv)-4.3(e)-452.7(c)-5.3(o)-4.3(a)-5.3(tin)-4.3(g)-4.3(s)-5.2(,)-447.1()-3.4(o)-4.3(o)-4.3(r)-453.5(n)-4.3(is)-5.2(h)-4.3(i)0.8(n)-4.3(g)-451.7(ma)-5.3(te)-5.3(ria)-5.3(l)0.8(s)-5.2(,)-460.8(a)-5.3(d)-4.3(h)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(i)0.8(v)-4.3(e)-5.3(s)-5.2(,)-433.3(h)-4.3(i)0.8(g)-4.3(h)-4.3(-)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(i)5(m)2.6(pact)-655.8(pl)5(ast)5(i)5(c)-1.1(s,)-649.3(el)5(ast)5(o)-0.1(mers)-648(for)-662.7(g)-0.1(asket)5(s)-1(,)-642.5(a)-1.1(nd)-654(i)5(m)2.6(pregnant)5(s)-648(f)4.9(or)-662.7(asphal)5(t)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(and)-323.8(c)-1.3(oncret)4.8(e)-1.3(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD [(Advant)4.7(ages)-345.5(of)-360.2(emul)4.7(si)4.7(on)-358.3(pol)4.7(ymeri)4.7(zat)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-358.3(a)-1.4(re)-359.3(rapi)4.7(di)4.7(t)4.7(y)-372.1(and)-351.5(p)-0.4(roduct)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-358.3(o)-0.4(f)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD [(hi)4.7(gh-mol)4.7(ecul)4.7(a)-1.4(r-wei)4.7(ght)-422(pol)4.7(ymers)-428.1(i)4.7(n)-434.1(a)-435(syst)4.7(em)-424.5(of)-429(rel)4.7(a)-1.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(v)-0.4(el)4.7(y)-434.1(l)4.7(ow)-432.3(vi)4.7(scosi)4.7(t)4.7(y)-0.4(.)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0023 Tc [(Dif)21()-3.8(c)-5.7(u)-4.7(ltie)-5.7(s)-680.1(i)0.4(n)-686.1(a)-5.7(g)-4.7(ita)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-4.7(,)-674.6(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(a)-5.7(t)-667.2(tra)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(f)0.3(e)-5.7(r)0.3(,)-681.5(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)-672.4(tra)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(f)0.3(e)-5.7(r)-674.2(o)-4.7(f)-674.2(ma)-5.7(te)-5.7(ria)-5.7(l)0.4(s)-680.1(a)-5.7(re)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(mi)5.2(ni)5.2(mi)5.2(zed.)-477.1(T)0.9(he)-475.8(handl)5.2(i)5.2(n)0.1(g)-474.9(o)0.1(f)-476.7(h)0.1(azar)5.1(dous)-462(sol)5.2(v)0.1(ent)5.2(s)-468.8(i)5.2(s)-482.6(el)5.2(i)5.2(m)2.8(i)5.2(n)0.1(at)5.2(ed.)-477.1(T)0.9(he)-475.8(t)5.2(w)1.8(o)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc [(pri)4.5(n)-0.6(ci)4.5(pal)-319(v)-0.6(ari)4.5(a)-1.6(t)4.5(i)4.5(ons)-325(i)4.5(n)-331(t)4.5(echni)4.5(que)-311.3(used)-317.2(for)-332.8(e)-1.6(mul)4.5(s)-1.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-317.2(pol)4.5(ymeri)4.5(zat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-317.2(a)-1.6(re)-331.9(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(redox)-323.8(and)-323.8(t)4.8(he)-331.7(reux)-330.7(m)2.4(et)4.8(hods.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Suspensi)5(on)-481.9(pol)5(ymeri)5(zat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-488.8(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-1(o)-495.7(i)]TJ 13.9995 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(s)-504(u)-0.6(sed.)-484.7(When)-496.2(acryl)4.5(i)4.5(c)-497.1(monomers)-490.2(o)-0.6(r)]TJ -15.142 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(h)-0.5(ei)4.6(r)-532.3(m)2.2(i)4.6(x)-0.5(t)4.6(u)-0.5(res)-538.3(w)1.2(i)4.6(t)4.6(h)-537.4(ot)4.6(her)-525.4(m)2.2(onomers)-531.4(a)-1.5(re)-531.5(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zed)-523.6(whi)4.6(l)4.6(e)-538.3(suspended)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0017 Tc [(\(usual)4.4(l)4.4(y)-289.8(i)4.4(n)-296.7(aqueous)-276.9(syst)4.4(em\),)-292(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-290.8(pol)4.4(ymeri)4.4(c)-297.6(product)-284.7(i)4.4(s)-297.6(obt)4.4(ai)4.4(ned)-282.9(i)4.4(n)-296.7(t)4.4(he)-297.6(form)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(of)-421.3(smal)5.5(l)-414.4(b)0.4(eads,)-407.9(somet)5.5(i)5.5(m)3.1(es)-413.5(cal)5.5(l)5.5(e)-0.6(d)-412.6(p)0.4(ear)5.4(l)5.5(s)-420.4(or)-414.4(gr)5.4(anul)5.5(es.)-407.9(B)2.2(ead)-412.6(pol)5.5(ymer)5.4(s)-420.4(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0016 Tc [(t)4.3(h)-0.8(e)-476.7(b)-0.8(asi)4.3(s)-462.9(of)-477.6(t)4.3(h)-0.8(e)-469.8(p)-0.8(roduct)4.3(i)4.3(o)-0.8(n)-468.9(o)-0.8(f)-470.7(m)1.9(ol)4.3(di)4.3(ng)-475.8(powders)-462.9(and)-468.9(d)-0.8(ent)4.3(u)-0.8(re)-469.8(mat)4.3(e)-1.8(ri)4.3(al)4.3(s.)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(Pol)4.3(y)-0.8(mers)-621.2(deri)4.3(ved)-620.3(from)-624.5(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-628.1(or)-622.1(met)4.3(h)-0.8(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-621.2(aci)4.3(d)-620.3(f)4.2(urni)4.3(sh)-627.2(exchange)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(resi)5(ns)-434.6(of)-435.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-434.7(carboxyl)5(i)5(c)-427.8(aci)5(d)-433.8(t)5(ype.)-429.1(S)0.8(ol)5(ut)5(i)5(ons)-434.6(i)5(n)-440.6(or)25.6(gani)5(c)-434.7(s)-1(ol)5(vent)5(s)-427.8(f)4.9(urni)5(sh)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(l)4.9(acquers,)-312.2(c)-1.2(oat)4.9(i)4.9(ngs)-317.7(and)-323.7(cement)4.9(s)-1.1(,)-312.2(w)1.5(hi)4.9(l)4.9(e)-324.7(wat)4.9(e)-1.2(r-sol)4.9(ubl)4.9(e)-324.7(hydrol)4.9(ysat)4.9(es)-310.8(are)-324.7(u)-0.2(sed)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(as)-324(t)5.5(h)0.4(i)5.5(c)-0.6(keners,)-318.5(a)-0.6(dhesi)5.5(ves,)-311.6(and)-323.1(s)-0.5(i)5.5(zes.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(The)-427.2(b)0.5(asi)5.6(c)-420.3(di)5.6(f)26.2(f)5.5(er)5.5(ence)-420.3(bet)5.6(w)2.2(een)-419.4(suspensi)5.6(on)-405.6(and)-426.3(e)-0.5(mul)5.6(s)-0.4(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-419.4(p)0.5(r)5.5(o)0.5(cesses)-406.5(l)5.6(i)5.6(e)-0.5(s)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0027 Tc [(in)-466.3(th)-5.1(e)-460.3(s)-6(ite)-460.3(o)-5.1(f)-461.2(th)-5.1(e)-460.3(p)-5.1(o)-5.1(l)0(y)-5.1(m)-2.4(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(iz)-6.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-5.1(,)-447.9(s)-6(i)0(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-453.5(i)0(n)-5.1(itia)-6.1(to)-5.1(rs)-474(in)-5.1(s)-6(o)-5.1(lu)-5.1(b)-5.1(l)0(e)-453.5(i)0(n)-466.3(w)-3.4(a)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(r)-454.3(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(used)-289.1(i)5.1(n)-296(t)5.1(h)0(e)-296.9(s)-0.9(uspensi)5.1(o)0(n)-275.4(p)0(rocess.)-277.6(Suspensi)5.1(ons)-276.2(are)-296.9(p)0(roduced)-282.2(by)-296(vi)5.1(gorous)-283.1(and)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD [(cont)5.2(i)5.2(nuous)-358.7(agi)5.2(t)5.2(a)-0.9(t)5.2(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-364.7(o)0.1(f)-366.5(t)5.2(he)-372.5(monomer)-359.7(and)-364.7(s)-0.8(ol)5.2(vent)-359.6(phases.)-353.2(The)-365.7(s)-0.8(i)5.2(z)-0.9(e)-365.7(o)0.1(f)-366.5(t)5.2(he)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(drop)-427.1(wi)4.8(l)4.8(l)-428.8(be)-428(det)4.8(e)-1.3(rmi)4.8(n)-0.3(ed)-420.2(by)-427.1(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-428(r)4.7(at)4.8(e)-434.9(o)-0.3(f)-422(a)-1.3(gi)4.8(t)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(on,)-422.4(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-434.9(i)4.8(nt)4.8(erfaci)4.8(al)-421.9(t)4.8(e)-1.3(nsi)4.8(on,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-472.9(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-473.8(p)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(c)-5.8(e)-460(o)-4.8(f)-474.7(imp)-4.8(u)-4.8(r)0.2(itie)-5.8(s)-480.6(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-466(min)-4.8(o)-4.8(r)-474.7(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(s)-5.7(titu)-4.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(ts)-466.9(o)-4.8(f)-474.7(th)-4.8(e)-473.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(p)-4.8(e)-5.8(.)-468.2(I)0.2(f)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(agi)4.9(t)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-275.6(i)4.9(s)-276.4(s)-1.1(t)4.9(opped,)-264(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-276.5(d)-0.2(ropl)4.9(et)4.9(s)-276.4(c)-1.2(oal)4.9(e)-1.2(sce)-262.7(i)4.9(nt)4.9(o)-275.6(a)-276.5(monomer)-270.5(l)4.9(a)-1.2(yer.)-270.9(The)-269.6(w)1.5(at)4.9(er)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(serves)-331.7(as)-338.6(a)-345.5(d)-0.4(i)4.7(s)-1.3(persi)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-330.8(m)2.3(edi)4.7(u)-0.4(m)-341.9(a)-1.4(nd)-337.7(heat)4.7(-t)4.7(ransfer)-332.6(a)-1.4(gent)-332.6(t)4.7(o)-344.6(remove)-331.8(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-345.5(h)-0.4(eat)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(of)-305.8(polymerization.)-299.3(The)-304.9(p)-1.1(rocess)-298(a)-2.1(nd)]TJ 14.6809 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(resulting)-310.5(p)-0.7(roduct)-298.5(can)-296.7(be)-311.4(inuenced)-289.8(by)]TJ -14.6809 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(d)-5.1(itio)-5.1(n)-335.5(o)-5.1(f)-330.4(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(llo)-5.1(id)-5.1(a)-6.1(l)-330.4(s)-6(u)-5.1(s)-6(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-5.1(i)0(n)-5.1(g)-314.9(a)-6.1(g)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(ts)-6(,)-324(t)0(h)-5.1(i)0(c)-6.1(k)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(s)-6(,)-324(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-328.6(s)-6(a)-6.1(lts)-6(.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.411 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Pr)33.5(oduct)-635(G)1.7(r)33.5(oupi)5.1(ngs)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.101 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(.)-476.6(T)1.4(he)-723.1(pr)5.6(i)5.7(n)0.6(ci)5.7(pal)-723.9(acr)5.6(yl)5.7(i)5.7(c)-730(pl)5.7(ast)5.7(i)5.7(c)-0.4(s)-729.9(a)-0.4(r)5.6(e)-730(cast)-717(s)-0.3(heet)5.7(,)]TJ -9.2435 -1.1494 TD 0.0016 Tc [(mol)4.3(d)-0.8(i)4.3(n)-0.8(g)-620.3(powder,)-615.6(and)-620.3(h)-0.8(i)4.3(gh-i)4.3(m)1.9(pact)-615.2(mol)4.3(d)-0.8(i)4.3(n)-0.8(g)-627.2(powder.)-615.6(The)-621.2(cast)-615.2(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(sheet)-559.6(i)4.8(s)-565.6(formabl)4.8(e)-1.3(,)-567(t)4.8(ransparent)4.8(,)-560.1(s)-1.2(t)4.8(a)-1.3(bl)4.8(e,)-560.1(and)-564.7(s)-1.2(t)4.8(r)4.7(ong.)-567(Represent)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(v)-0.3(e)-551.9(u)-0.3(ses)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(n)0(cl)5.1(ude)-524.1(archi)5.1(t)5.1(ect)5.1(ural)-518(panel)5.1(s)-0.9(,)-511.6(a)-1(i)5.1(r)5(craft)-531.8(g)0(l)5.1(azi)5.1(ng,)-518.5(skyl)5.1(i)5.1(ght)5.1(s,)-518.5(l)5.1(i)5.1(ght)5.1(ed)-523.1(out)5.1(door)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0015 Tc [(signs,)-485(m)1.8(odels,)-485(p)-0.9(roduct)-477.6(p)-0.9(rototypes,)]TJ 14.9493 0 TD 0.001 Tc [(and)-490.1(novelties.)-478.6(Molding)-497(powders)-484.1(are)]TJ -14.9493 -1.1494 TD 0.0026 Tc [(used)-639.9(i)5.3(n)-646.8(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-640.9(m)2.9(ass)-640.8(p)0.2(roduct)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-639.9(o)0.2(f)-641.8(numerous)-633.9(i)5.3(n)0.2(t)5.3(r)5.2(i)5.3(cat)5.3(e)-654.6(s)-0.7(hapes,)-628.4(such)-633.1(as)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0025 Tc [(a)-5.9(u)-4.9(to)-4.9(mo)-4.9(tiv)-4.9(e)-728.6(lig)-4.9(h)-4.9(t)0.2(s)-5.8(,)-729.9(lig)-4.9(h)-4.9(tin)-4.9(g)-734.5()-4(x)-4.9(t)0.2(u)-4.9(r)0.1(e)-735.5(l)0.2(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(s)-5.8(,)-716.1(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-727.6(i)0.2(n)-4.9(s)-5.8(tru)-4.9(m)-2.2(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(t)-729.4(d)-4.9(ia)-5.9(ls)-728.5(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0029 Tc [(cont)5.6(r)5.5(o)0.5(l)-345.4(p)0.5(anel)5.6(s)-344.6(f)5.5(or)-359.3(aut)5.6(o)0.5(s,)-345.9(ai)5.6(r)5.5(c)-0.5(r)5.5(a)-0.5(f)5.5(t)5.6(,)-352.8(a)-0.5(nd)-350.6(appl)5.6(i)5.6(a)-0.5(nces.)-332.1(T)1.3(he)-351.5(hi)5.6(gh-)5.5(i)5.6(m)3.2(pact)-345.4(acr)5.5(yl)5.6(i)5.6(c)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(mol)4.9(d)-0.2(i)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-296.2(powder)-284.3(y)-0.2(i)4.9(e)-1.2(l)4.9(d)-0.2(s)-297.1(a)-297.1(s)-1.1(omewhat)-284.2(l)4.9(ess)-297.1(t)4.9(ransparent)-284.2(product)4.9(,)-291.5(but)-291.1(possesses)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(unusual)-710.4(t)5.4(oughness)-702.7(for)-724.2(s)-0.6(uch)-715.6(a)-0.7(ppl)5.4(i)5.4(cat)5.4(i)5.4(ons)-716.4(as)-723.3(t)5.4(oys,)-717.8(busi)5.4(n)0.3(ess)-709.5(m)3(achi)5.4(n)0.3(e)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0008 Tc [(components,)-644(blow-molded)-655.5(bottle)]TJ 14.0201 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(s,)-664(and)-654.9(outboard)-654.9(motor)-656.7(s)-1.9(hrouds.)-650.2(T)-0.2(he)]TJ -14.0201 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc 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[(acryl)5.1(at)5.1(e,)-367.1(and)-371.7(2)0(-et)5.1(hyl)5.1(hexyl)5.1(acryl)5.1(at)5.1(e.)]TJ 14.4675 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Addi)5(t)5(i)5(onal)-366.7(m)2.6(onomers,)-367.1(such)-364.9(as)-372.7(st)5(yrene)]TJ -14.4675 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(or)-243(acryl)4.9(oni)4.9(t)4.9(r)4.8(i)4.9(l)4.9(e)-1.2(,)-250.2(can)-234.3(be)-249(pol)4.9(ymeri)4.9(zed)-234.3(w)]TJ 15.2659 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(i)4.3(t)4.3(h)-248.6(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-249.6(monomers.)-237.1(Acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-249.6(l)4.3(a)-1.8(t)4.3(e)-1.8(xes)]TJ -15.2659 -1.1425 TD [(vary)-448.3(consi)4.2(d)-0.9(erabl)4.2(y)-441.4(i)4.2(n)-462.1(t)4.2(h)-0.9(ei)4.2(r)-450.1(p)-0.9(roper)]TJ 13.9375 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(i)4.9(e)-1.2(s,)-449.8(mai)4.9(n)-0.2(l)4.9(y)-454.5(af)25.5(fect)4.9(ed)-454.5(by)-454.5(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-455.4(m)2.4(onomers)]TJ -13.9375 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(used,)-380.9(t)5(he)-393.4(part)5(i)5(c)-1.1(l)5(e)-393.4(si)5(ze,)-387.8(and)-385.6(t)5(he)-393.4(surfact)5(ant)-380.4(s)-1(yst)5(e)-1.1(m)-382.9(o)-0.1(f)-394.3(t)5(he)-393.4(l)5(a)-1.1(t)5(e)-1.1(x.)-387.8(General)5(l)5(y)-0.1(,)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(acryl)4.9(i)4.9(c)-448.6(l)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(e)-1.2(xes)-448.5(a)-1.2(re)-448.6(cured)-447.6(b)-0.2(y)-447.6(l)4.9(oss)-455.4(o)-0.2(f)-449.4(w)1.5(at)4.9(er)-442.6(onl)4.9(y,)-449.8(do)-454.5(not)-442.5(yel)4.9(l)4.9(o)-0.2(w,)-449.8(possess)]TJ T* 0.0011 Tc [(a)-518.5(good)-517.6(exterior)-519.4(durability,)-519.8(a)-2.3(re)-525.4(tough,)-512.9(and)-517.6(u)-1.3(sually)-517.6(have)-511.6(good)-517.6(abrasion)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(r)5.4(e)-0.6(si)5.5(st)5.5(ance.)-407.9(The)-413.5(acr)5.4(yl)5.5(i)5.5(c)-420.4(pol)5.5(ymer)5.4(s)-420.4(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-420.4(r)5.4(easonabl)5.5(y)-405.7(c)-0.6(ost)5.5(l)5.5(y)-419.5(and)-412.6(s)-0.5(ome)-420.4(l)5.5(at)5.5(exes)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0014 Tc [(do)-593(not)-594.7(have)-587(very)-593(good)-593(color)-587.9(c)-2(ompatib)]TJ 17.317 0 TD -0.0001 Tc [(ility.)-596.7(A)-0.8(crylic)-602.3(latex)-594.5(p)-2.5(aints)-595.3(can)]TJ -17.317 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(be)-600.2(used)-599.2(for)-601.1(c)-1.4(oncret)4.7(e)-593.3(oors,)-601.5(i)4.7(n)-0.4(t)4.7(e)-1.4(ri)4.7(or)-607.9(at)-594.1(a)-1.4(nd)-599.2(semi)4.7(gl)4.7(oss)-600.1()0.5(ni)4.7(shes,)-587.7(a)-1.4(nd)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(ext)5.7(e)-0.4(r)5.6(i)5.7(or)-324.7(sur)5.6(f)5.6(aces.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.3126 TD 0.0013 Tc [(ACR)35(YLIC)-316(ACID)-322.9(AND)-329.8(DERIV)131.4(A)76.3(TIVES.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 18.3287 0 TD 0.001 Tc [([CAS:)-326.7(79-10-7].)-320.3(A)0.3(cryl)3.7(i)3.7(c)-332.8(aci)3.7(d)]TJ -18.3287 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(\(propenoi)4.8(c)-393.6(aci)4.8(d\))-394.5(was)-393.5()0.6(rst)-401.3(p)-0.3(repared)-385.8(i)4.8(n)-406.4(1847)-392.7(by)-399.5(ai)4.8(r)-401.4(oxi)4.8(dat)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-392.7(o)-0.3(f)-401.4(acrol)4.8(ei)4.8(n.)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Int)4.9(e)-1.2(rest)4.9(i)4.9(ngl)4.9(y,)-298.4(aft)4.9(e)-1.2(r)-304.9(u)-0.2(se)-297.1(of)-304.9(several)-291.1(o)-0.2(t)4.9(h)-0.2(er)-298(rout)4.9(es)-304(over)-291.1(t)4.9(he)-304(past)-298(hal)4.9(f)-304.9(cent)4.9(u)-0.2(ry,)-291.5(i)4.9(t)]TJ T* [(i)4.9(s)-324.6(t)4.9(h)-0.2(i)4.9(s)-324.6(rout)4.9(e,)-319.1(usi)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-316.9(acrol)4.9(ei)4.9(n)-316.8(from)-321(t)4.9(he)-324.7(cat)4.9(al)4.9(yt)4.9(i)4.9(c)-317.8(oxi)4.9(dat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-316.8(o)-0.2(f)-325.5(p)-0.2(ropyl)4.9(ene,)-305.3(t)4.9(h)-0.2(at)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(s)-331.6(current)4.8(l)4.8(y)-330.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-331.7(m)2.4(ost)-325.6(f)4.7(avored)-323.8(i)4.8(ndust)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(a)-1.3(l)-332.5(p)-0.3(rocess.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD -0.0022 Tc [(Ac)-5.6(ry)-4.6(la)-5.6(te)-5.6(s)-267.1(a)-5.6(re)-274(p)-4.6(r)0.4(ima)-5.6(r)0.4(ily)-286.8(u)-4.6(s)-5.5(e)-5.6(d)-259.3(to)-280(p)-4.6(r)0.4(e)-5.6(p)-4.6(a)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-267.1(e)-5.6(mu)-4.6(ls)-5.5(io)-4.6(n)-273.1(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-266.2(s)-5.5(o)-4.6(lu)-4.6(tio)-4.6(n)-273.1(p)-4.6(o)-4.6(l)0.5(y)-4.6(m)-1.9(e)-5.6(r)0.4(s)-5.5(.)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(The)-476.6(e)-1.7(mul)4.4(s)-1.6(i)4.4(o)-0.7(n)-468.8(pol)4.4(ymeri)4.4(zat)4.4(i)4.4(o)-0.7(n)-475.7(p)-0.7(rocess)-462.8(p)-0.7(rovi)4.4(des)-469.6(h)-0.7(i)4.4(g)-0.7(h)-482.5(y)-0.7(i)4.4(e)-1.7(l)4.4(d)-0.7(s)-469.6(o)-0.7(f)-477.5(pol)4.4(ymers)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(n)-454.7(a)-448.8(f)4.6(orm)-452(s)-1.3(ui)4.7(t)4.7(a)-1.4(bl)4.7(e)-448.8(f)4.6(or)-449.6(a)-455.6(v)-0.4(ari)4.7(e)-1.4(t)4.7(y)-447.8(of)-449.6(appl)4.7(i)4.7(cat)4.7(i)4.7(ons.)-436.3(A)1.3(cryl)4.7(at)4.7(e)-448.8(e)-1.4(mul)4.7(s)-1.3(i)4.7(ons)-448.7(are)]TJ T* [(used)-323.9(i)4.7(n)-344.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-338.6(p)-0.4(reparat)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-330.8(o)-0.4(f)-332.6(bot)4.7(h)-337.7(i)4.7(nt)4.7(eri)4.7(o)-0.4(r)-339.5(a)-1.4(nd)-330.8(ext)4.7(e)-1.4(ri)4.7(or)-332.6(pai)4.7(n)-0.4(t)4.7(s)-1.3(,)-333()0.5(oor)-325.7(pol)4.7(i)4.7(s)-1.3(hes,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(and)-578.6(a)-1.4(dhesi)4.7(ves.)-560.2(Sol)4.7(u)-0.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-578.6(pol)4.7(ymers)-579.5(o)-0.4(f)-580.4(acryl)4.7(at)4.7(es,)-573.9(frequent)4.7(l)4.7(y)-578.6(wi)4.7(t)4.7(h)-585.5(mi)4.7(nor)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0025 Tc [(concent)5.2(r)5.1(at)5.2(i)5.2(ons)-482.6(of)-504.2(ot)5.2(her)-497.3(m)2.7(onomers,)-490.8(ar)]TJ 15.9886 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(e)-497.1(e)-1.6(mpl)4.5(oyed)-496.2(i)4.5(n)-503.1(t)4.5(he)-504(preparat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-496.2(o)-0.6(f)]TJ -15.9886 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(i)5.1(ndust)5.1(r)5(i)5.1(a)-1(l)-242.7(c)-1(oat)5.1(i)5.1(ngs.)-236.3(P)0.9(ol)5.1(ymers)-241.8(o)0(f)-242.7(acryl)5.1(i)5.1(c)-241.9(aci)5.1(d)-240.9(can)-240.9(be)-241.9(used)-240.9(as)-241.8(superabsorbent)5.1(s)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(n)-537.3(di)4.7(sposabl)4.7(e)-524.5(di)4.7(apers,)-532.6(as)-531.3(wel)4.7(l)-539.1(as)-531.3(i)4.7(n)-544.2(formul)4.7(at)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-537.3(o)-0.4(f)-539.1(s)-1.3(uperi)4.7(or,)-532.6(r)4.6(educed-)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(phosphat)4.9(e)-1.2(-l)4.9(evel)-304.8(det)4.9(e)-1.2(r)25.5(g)-0.2(ent)4.9(s)-1.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(The)-614(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(c)-614(product)4.6(s)-614(can)-606.2(be)-620.9(made)-614(t)4.6(o)-620(vary)-613.1(wi)4.6(del)4.6(y)-620(i)4.6(n)-620(physi)4.6(cal)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0013 Tc [(propert)4(i)4(e)-2.1(s)-256.7(t)4(hrough)-255.8(cont)4(rol)4(l)4(e)-2.1(d)-255.8(v)-1.1(ari)4(a)-2.1(t)4(i)4(o)]TJ 15.0043 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(n)-255.5(i)4.3(n)-262.4(t)4.3(he)-256.4(rat)4.3(i)4.3(o)-0.8(s)-263.3(o)-0.8(f)-257.3(m)1.9(onomers)-249.5(e)-1.8(mpl)4.3(oyed)]TJ -15.0043 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(i)4.8(n)-365.1(t)4.8(h)-0.3(ei)4.8(r)-360.1(p)-0.3(reparat)4.8(i)4.8(on,)-346.7(cross-l)4.8(i)4.8(nki)4.8(ng,)-353.6(and)-351.4(c)-1.3(ont)4.8(rol)-360(o)-0.3(f)-353.2(m)2.4(ol)4.8(ecul)4.8(a)-1.3(r)-353.2(w)1.4(ei)4.8(ght)4.8(.)-353.6(T)0.5(hey)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0022 Tc [(s)-5.5(h)-4.6(a)-5.6(r)0.4(e)-342.8(c)-5.6(o)-4.6(mmo)-4.6(n)-341.9(q)-4.6(u)-4.6(a)-5.6(litie)-5.6(s)-349.7(o)-4.6(f)-343.7(h)-4.6(ig)-4.6(h)-348.8(r)0.4(e)-5.6(s)-5.5(is)-5.5(ta)-5.6(n)-4.6(c)-5.6(e)-336(t)0.5(o)-355.7(c)-5.6(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(mic)-5.6(a)-5.6(l)-329.9(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-348.8(e)-5.6(n)-4.6(v)-4.6(i)0.5(ro)-4.6(n)-4.6(m)-1.9(e)-5.6(n)-4.6(ta)-5.6(l)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(tta)-6.1(c)-6.1(k)-5.1(,)-330.9(e)-6.1(x)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(lle)-6.1(n)-5.1(t)-316.6(c)-6.1(l)0(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(ity)-5.1(,)-337.7(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-335.5(a)-6.1(ttra)-6.1(c)-6.1(tiv)-5.1(e)-336.5(s)-6(tre)-6.1(n)-5.1(g)-5.1(t)0(h)-328.6(p)-5.1(ro)-5.1(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(rtie)-6.1(s)-6(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.1956 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Physi)4.6(c)-1.5(al)-318.9(Pr)19.2(operti)4.6(e)-1.5(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3834 TD 0.003 Tc [(Physi)5.7(cal)-290.3(pr)5.6(oper)5.6(t)5.7(i)5.7(e)-0.4(s)-303.2(o)0.6(f)-311(acr)5.6(yl)5.7(i)5.7(c)-303.2(aci)5.7(d)-302.3(a)-0.4(nd)-302.3(r)5.6(e)-0.4(pr)5.6(esent)5.7(a)-0.4(t)5.7(i)5.7(v)0.6(e)-296.3(d)0.6(er)5.6(i)5.7(v)0.6(at)5.7(i)5.7(v)0.6(es)-303.2(appear)-290.3(i)5.7(n)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0673 Tc [(Ta)-70.7(b)-69.7(l)-64.6(e)-394.2(1)-69.7(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.1956 TD 0.0011 Tc [(Reacti)3.8(ons)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3834 TD -0.002 Tc 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1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 28.8 794.655 Tm 0 g /GS1 gs 0.0007 Tc 0 Tw [(18)-1941.7(ACR)33.5(YLIC)-327.9(ESTER)-327.9(POL)92.2(Y)0(MERS)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 38.76 771.135 Tm 0.0026 Tc [(Cur)5.2(r)5.2(e)-0.8(nt)-352.6(TL)90.5(V/)5.3(TW)113.8(A)-356(v)0.2(al)5.3(ues)-344.9(a)-0.8(r)5.2(e)-358.7(pr)5.2(ovi)5.3(ded)-350.9(i)5.3(n)-357.7(M)3.7(at)5.3(er)5.2(i)5.3(a)-0.8(l)-359.5(S)1.1(af)5.2(et)5.3(y)-350.9(D)1.9(at)5.3(a)-358.7(S)1.1(heet)5.3(s)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(provi)4.7(ded)-323.9(b)-0.4(y)-330.8(m)2.3(anufact)4.7(urers)-317.9(o)-0.4(n)-330.8(r)4.6(equest)4.7(.)]TJ 21.8599 -1.9547 TD 0 Tc (W)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 227.5799 744.135 Tm -0.0022 Tc (ILLIAM)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 254.0406 744.135 Tm 0 Tc (B)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 259.8605 744.135 Tm -0.001 Tc (AUER)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 278.161 744.135 Tm 0.335 Tc (,J)Tj 6.7248 0 0 6.7248 286.6809 744.135 Tm 0.0022 Tc (R.)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 199.32 734.175 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(Rohm)-327.7(and)-323.5(H)1.7(ass)-324.4(C)1.8(ompany)]TJ /F2 1 Tf -8.638 -2.0167 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-326.5(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 28.8 702.735 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(A)-3.6(c)0.4(rylic)-263.9(and)-270(Methacrylic)-271.6(Monomers)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.4619 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.0957 0 TD -0.0008 Tc [(Specications)-272.3(and)-270.1(T)73.4(y)0.3(pical)-274.5(P)-3.7(r)38.5(operties,)-271.5(B)-3.7(u)1.9(lletin)]TJ -14.5551 -1.1579 TD -0.0019 Tc (84C2,)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.7509 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Rohm)-334.6(and)-340.6(H)-2(aas)-335(Co.,)-334.1(P)-4.8(h)1.4(iladelphia,)-341.9(P)88.4(A)-2(,)-334.1(1986.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf -3.7534 -1.1656 TD -0.0016 Tc [(Hydr)37.7(ocarbon)-317.6(P)-4.5(r)37.7(ocess.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 9.3563 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (60)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9947 0 TD -0.0015 Tc [(\(11\),)-349.9(124)-333(\(1981\).)]TJ -10.351 -1.1579 TD 0.0003 Tc [(Snyder,)-340.3(T.P.)-324.8(and)-339(C)-1(.G.)-332.5(H)-0.4(ill,)-324.8(Jr.,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 13.1097 0 TD -0.0002 Tc [(Catal.)-301.9(Rev.)-294.2(Sci.)-294.2(Eng.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7813 0 TD -0.0027 Tc (31)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9947 0 TD -0.0019 Tc [(,)-334.7(4)0.8(3)-92.5()-92.5(9)0.8(5)-341.2(\()-3.1(1989\).)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 656.295 Tm 0.0009 Tc [(ACR)34.6(YLIC)-309.5(ESTER)-309.5(POL)89.8(Y)0.2(MERS.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 15.3691 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(Acr)5.5(y)0.5(l)5.6(i)5.6(c)-317.1(est)5.6(e)-0.5(r)5.5(s)-310.1(ar)5.5(e)-310.2(r)5.5(epr)5.5(e)-0.5(sent)5.6(ed)-302.4(by)-316.1(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)]TJ -15.3691 -1.1425 TD 0.0008 Tc [(generi)3.5(c)-326.1(f)3.4(ormul)3.5(a)]TJ ET /GS2 gs q 68.6375 0 0 37.468 126.4943 606.1648 cm /Im4 Do Q BT 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 28.8 592.155 Tm /GS1 gs 0.0028 Tc [(The)-454.8(n)0.4(at)5.5(ur)5.4(e)-461.7(o)0.4(f)-455.7(t)5.5(he)-461.7(R)-465.9(g)0.4(r)5.4(oup)-453.9(det)5.5(e)-0.6(r)5.4(m)3.1(i)5.5(n)0.4(es)-454.8(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-461.7(p)0.4(r)5.4(oper)5.4(t)5.5(i)5.5(e)-0.6(s)-461.7(o)0.4(f)-455.7(each)-453.9(est)5.5(e)-0.6(r)-448.8(a)-0.6(nd)]TJ T* 0.0012 Tc [(t)3.9(h)-1.2(e)-532.2(pol)3.9(ymers)-525.2(i)3.9(t)-539.9(f)3.8(orms.)-533.4(P)-0.3(ol)3.9(ymers)-525.2(o)]TJ 15.0319 0 TD 0.0014 Tc [(f)-532.8(t)4.1(hi)4.1(s)-531.9(c)-2(l)4.1(a)-2(ss)-525(are)-532(a)-2(morphous)-518.1(and)-531(a)-2(re)]TJ -15.0319 -1.1357 TD [(distinguished)-248.9(by)-255.8(their)-257.6(w)0.6(at)]TJ 10.3929 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(er-clear)-250.9(color)-250.9(a)-2.3(nd)-256(their)-257.8(s)]TJ 9.8148 0 TD 0 Tc [(tability)-264(on)-257.1(aging.)-245.6(Acrylic)]TJ -20.2077 -1.1426 TD [(monomers)-519.5(a)-3.4(re)-526.5(extremely)-518.7(v)-2.4(ersatile)-526.5(build)]TJ 16.9935 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ing)-524.4(b)-1.3(locks.)-512.9(They)-517.6(are)-518.5(r)3.7(elatively)]TJ -16.9935 -1.1426 TD 0.0003 Tc [(moderate)-374.7(to)-373.8(high)-380.7(boiling)-373.8(liquids)-381.6(that)]TJ 15.6032 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(readily)-373.6(polymerize)-367.7(o)-1.9(r)-375.4(c)-2.9(opolymerize)]TJ -15.6032 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(wi)4.5(t)4.5(h)-379.2(a)-380.1(v)-0.6(ari)4.5(e)-1.6(t)4.5(y)-372.3(of)-374.1(ot)4.5(her)-367.2(m)2.1(onomers.)-367.7(C)]TJ 15.2934 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(opol)4.8(ymers)-366(w)1.4(i)4.8(t)4.8(h)-378.9(met)4.8(h)-0.3(acryl)4.8(at)4.8(es,)-360.5(v)-0.3(i)4.8(nyl)]TJ -15.2934 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(acet)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-394.3(st)5.4(yr)5.3(ene,)-401.2(and)-398.9(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(oni)5.4(t)5.4(r)5.3(i)5.4(l)5.4(e)-413.6(ar)5.3(e)-406.8(c)-0.7(ommer)5.3(c)-0.7(i)5.4(a)-0.7(l)5.4(l)5.4(y)-405.8(si)5.4(gni)5.4(cant)5.4(.)-394.3(Pol)5.4(y)0.3(mer)5.3(s)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(desi)4.9(gned)-371.9(t)4.9(o)-385.7()0.7(t)-380.5(s)-1.1(peci)4.9(c)-379.7(appl)4.9(i)4.9(cat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-371.9(r)4.8(equi)4.9(rement)4.9(s)-379.7(r)4.8(angi)4.9(ng)-378.8(from)-389.9(s)-1.1(oft)4.9(,)-381(t)4.9(acky)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0013 Tc [(adhesives)-339.3(t)4(o)-359(h)-1.1(ard)-359(p)-1.1(lastics)-353(can)-352.2(be)-353.1(ta)]TJ 14.6533 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(ilored)-359.6(from)-363.8(t)3.4(hese)-353.7(versatile)-353.7(monomers.)]TJ -14.6533 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Al)5.1(t)5.1(hough)-351.1(t)5.1(h)0(e)-358.9(acryl)5.1(i)5.1(c)-1(s)-351.9(h)0(ave)-352(b)0(een)-344.2(hi)5.1(gher)-352.9(i)5.1(n)-357.9(c)-1(ost)-345.9(t)5.1(han)-357.9(m)2.7(any)-351.1(o)0(t)5.1(h)0(er)-352.9(common)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(monomers,)-533.3(they)-538(nd)-538(u)-1.1(se)-532.1(in)-544.9(high)]TJ 14.8943 0 TD 0.0006 Tc [(quality)-545.6(products)-532.7(where)-539.6(t)3.3(heir)-540.5(unique)]TJ -14.8943 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(charact)5.2(eri)5.2(s)-0.8(t)5.2(i)5.2(c)-0.9(s)-317.4(a)-0.9(nd)-330.3(ef)25.8(ci)5.2(e)-0.9(ncy)-316.5(o)0.1(f)25.8(f)5.1(set)-332.1(t)5.2(he)-331.3(hi)5.2(gher)-325.2(c)-0.9(ost)5.2(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7551 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Physi)4.6(c)-1.5(al)-318.9(Pr)19.2(operti)4.6(e)-1.5(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0022 Tc [(T)69.5(o)-282.4(a)-283.4(l)4.9(ar)25.5(ge)-283.4(ext)4.9(e)-1.2(nt)4.9(,)-277.8(t)4.9(he)-283.4(propert)4.9(i)4.9(e)-1.2(s)-283.3(o)-0.2(f)-277.4(acr)]TJ 15.438 0 TD [(yl)4.9(i)4.9(c)-283.4(est)4.9(e)-1.2(r)-277.4(pol)4.9(ymers)-283.3(\()4.8(T)69.5(a)-1.2(bl)4.9(e)-324.7(1)-0.2(\))-284.2(d)-0.2(epend)]TJ -15.438 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(on)-530(t)5.1(h)0(e)-531(n)0(at)5.1(ure)-524.1(o)0(f)-531.8(t)5.1(he)-531(al)5.1(cohol)-518(radi)5.1(cal)-524.9(and)-523.1(t)5.1(he)-537.8(mol)5.1(ecul)5.1(a)-1(r)-518.1(w)1.7(ei)5.1(ght)-524.9(of)-531.8(t)5.1(h)0(e)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(pol)4.7(ymer.)-450(A)1.3(s)-455.6(i)4.7(s)-462.5(t)4.7(ypi)4.7(cal)-449.6(of)-449.6(pol)4.7(ymeri)4.7(c)-455.6(sy)]TJ 16.6149 0 TD 0.0029 Tc [(st)5.6(ems,)-442.3(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-454.7(m)3.2(echani)5.6(cal)-434.9(pr)5.5(oper)5.5(t)5.6(i)5.6(e)-0.5(s)]TJ -16.6149 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(of)-407.7(acr)5.2(yl)5.3(i)5.3(c)-406.9(pol)5.3(ymer)5.2(s)-406.8(i)5.3(mpr)5.2(ove)-406.9(as)-406.8(mol)5.3(ecul)5.3(a)-0.8(r)-400.9(w)1.9(ei)5.3(ght)-400.8(i)5.3(s)-413.7(i)5.3(n)0.2(cr)5.2(eased;)-393.9(however)5.2(,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0013 Tc [(beyond)-558.6(a)-573.4(c)-2.1(ritical)-574.2(molecular)-560.5(w)0.6(ei)]TJ 13.9031 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ght,)-568(w)0.4(hich)-565.7(often)-572.6(i)3.8(s)-580.4(a)-2.3(bout)-560.6(100,000)-558.8(to)]TJ -13.9031 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(200,000)-461.8(for)-463.6(a)-1.6(morphous)-455.8(pol)4.5(ymers,)-464(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-462.7(i)4.5(mprovement)-463.5(i)4.5(s)-469.5(sl)4.5(i)4.5(ght)-463.5(and)-461.8(l)4.5(evel)4.5(s)]TJ T* -0.0022 Tc [(o)-4.6(f)21.1(f)-336.8(a)-5.6(s)-5.5(y)-4.6(mp)-4.6(to)-4.6(tic)-5.6(a)-5.6(lly)-4.6(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7551 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Chemi)4.8(c)-1.3(al)-325.6(Pr)19.4(opert)4.7(i)4.8(e)-1.3(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Under)-394.3(c)-1.1(ondi)5(t)5(i)5(ons)-393.3(of)-401.2(ext)5(r)4.9(eme)-400.3(aci)5(di)5(t)5(y)-406.2(or)-401.2(al)5(kal)5(i)5(n)-0.1(i)5(t)5(y)-0.1(,)-401.6(acryl)5(i)5(c)-400.3(est)5(e)-1.1(r)-394.3(pol)5(ymers)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(can)-447.4(be)-448.4(made)-441.5(t)5.1(o)-454.3(hydrol)5.1(yze)-441.5(t)5.1(o)-454.3(pol)5.1(y\(acryl)5.1(i)5.1(c)-448.4(aci)5.1(d\))-449.2(or)-449.2(an)-447.4(aci)5.1(d)-447.4(s)-0.9(al)5.1(t)-449.2(a)-1(nd)-447.4(t)5.1(h)0(e)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(correspondi)4.9(ng)-303.1(al)4.9(cohol)4.9(.)-312.2(H)1.5(owever,)-305.3(acr)]TJ 15.0181 0 TD 0.0019 Tc [(yl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-318.1(pol)4.6(ymers)-318(a)-1.5(nd)-310.3(copol)4.6(ymers)-311.1(h)-0.5(ave)-311.2(a)]TJ -15.0181 -1.1426 TD 0.0012 Tc [(greater)-367.8(resistance)-367(to)-379.8(bot)]TJ 9.9111 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(h)-373.4(acidic)-374.3(a)-2.7(nd)-373.4(alkaline)-374.3(hydrolysis)-367.4(than)-373.4(competitive)]TJ -9.9111 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(pol)5.5(y\()5.4(vi)5.5(nyl)-324.9(acet)5.5(at)5.5(e\))-318.1(and)-323.1(v)0.4(i)5.5(nyl)-324.9(acet)5.5(at)5.5(e)-324.1(c)-0.6(opol)5.5(ymer)5.4(s.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD -0.0023 Tc [(Ac)-5.7(ry)-4.7(lic)-377.4(p)-4.7(o)-4.7(l)0.4(y)-4.7(m)-2(e)-5.7(r)0.3(s)-370.4(a)-5.7(re)-377.4(fa)-5.7(irly)-383.3(in)-4.7(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(itiv)-4.7(e)-370.5(t)0.4(o)-383.3(n)-4.7(o)-4.7(r)0.3(ma)-5.7(l)-371.3(u)-4.7(v)-369.5(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(g)-4.7(ra)-5.7(d)-4.7(a)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-369.5(s)-5.6(in)-4.7(c)-5.7(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD [(th)-4.7(e)-336.1(p)-4.7(rima)-5.7(ry)-335.1(u)-4.7(v)-335.1(a)-5.7(b)-4.7(s)-5.6(o)-4.7(rp)-4.7(tio)-4.7(n)-328.2(o)-4.7(f)-330(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(r)0.3(y)-4.7(lic)-5.7(s)-336(o)-4.7(c)-5.7(c)-5.7(u)-4.7(rs)-322.2(b)-4.7(e)-5.7(lo)-4.7(w)-333.4(t)0.4(h)-4.7(e)-336.1(s)-5.6(o)-4.7(la)-5.7(r)-330(s)-5.6(p)-4.7(e)-5.7(c)-5.7(t)0.4(ru)-4.7(m.)]TJ 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 55.26 290.235 Tm 0.0003 Tc [(T)84.3(A)-0.4(BLE)-337.2(1)3.4(.)-502.5(P)-0.8(HYSICAL)-322.2(PROPER)57.5(TIES)-332(OF)-332(ACR)50(Y)-0.4(LIC)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD 0.001 Tc [(POL)100.1(Y)0.3(MERS)]TJ ET q 211.14 0 0 -1.02 55.254 276.3811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 55.26 264.9151 Tm -0.0012 Tc (Polymer)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 82.2 267.795 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 139.38 264.9151 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(Monomer)-345.9(molecular)-338.4(f)0.4(ormula)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 13.2721 0 TD 0 Tc (T)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 249.48 263.7151 Tm (g)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 253.08 264.9151 Tm (,)Tj /F5 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 257.76 268.5751 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 261.06 264.9151 Tm (C)Tj ET q 211.14 0 0 -0.54 55.254 259.3411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 55.26 248.3551 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(methyl)-340.4(acrylate)-8500.5(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 178.32 247.1551 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 248.3551 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 247.1551 Tm (6)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 190.62 248.3551 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 196.38 247.1551 Tm (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 262.38 248.3551 Tm (6)Tj -25.9871 -1.1292 TD -0.001 Tc [(ethyl)-340.3(acrylate)-9275.8(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 178.32 238.1551 Tm 0 Tc (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 239.3551 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 238.1551 Tm (8)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 190.62 239.3551 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 196.38 238.1551 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 239.3551 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (24)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.0016 Tc [(propyl)-348.4(acrylate)-8486(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 229.2151 Tm 0 Tc (6)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 230.4151 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 229.2151 Tm -0.0052 Tc (10)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 230.4151 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 229.2151 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 230.4151 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (45)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.0014 Tc [(is)-3.9(opropyl)-348.2(acrylate)-7318.9(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 220.2751 Tm 0 Tc (6)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 221.4751 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 220.2751 Tm -0.0052 Tc (10)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 221.4751 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 220.2751 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 256.14 221.4751 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf -25.9871 -1.1292 TD (n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.542 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(-butyl)-348.1(acrylate)-8162(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 211.2751 Tm 0 Tc (7)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 212.4751 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 211.2751 Tm -0.0052 Tc (12)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 212.4751 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 211.2751 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 212.4751 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (50)Tj /F3 1 Tf -25.4903 -1.1217 TD 0.0014 Tc (sec)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.2798 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(-butyl)-340.6(acrylate)-7431.7(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 202.3351 Tm 0 Tc (7)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 203.5351 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 202.3351 Tm -0.0052 Tc (12)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 203.5351 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 202.3351 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 203.5351 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (20)Tj -25.4903 -1.1292 TD -0.0012 Tc [(is)-3.7(obutyl)-340.5(acrylate)-7875.8(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 193.3351 Tm 0 Tc (7)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 194.5351 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 193.3351 Tm -0.0052 Tc (12)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 194.5351 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 193.3351 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 194.5351 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (43)Tj /F3 1 Tf -25.4903 -1.1217 TD 0.0014 Tc (tert)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3927 0 TD -0.0013 Tc [(-butyl)-340.6(acrylate)-7318.8(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 184.3951 Tm 0 Tc (7)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 185.5951 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 184.3951 Tm -0.0052 Tc (12)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 185.5951 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 184.3951 Tm (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 258.36 185.5951 Tm -0.0031 Tc (43)Tj -25.4827 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(hexyl)-340.6(acrylate)-8877.1(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 175.3951 Tm 0 Tc (9)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 176.5951 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 175.3951 Tm -0.0052 Tc (16)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 176.5951 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 175.3951 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 176.5951 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (57)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc [(heptyl)-340.5(acrylate)-8425.3(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 175.5 166.4551 Tm -0.0052 Tc (10)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 167.6551 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 166.4551 Tm -0.0052 Tc (18)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 193.38 167.6551 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 199.14 166.4551 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 167.6551 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (60)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.0013 Tc [(2-heptyl)-348.1(acrylate)-7589.8(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 175.5 157.515 Tm -0.0052 Tc (10)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 158.7151 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 157.515 Tm -0.0052 Tc (18)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 193.38 158.7151 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 199.14 157.515 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 158.7151 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (38)Tj -25.4903 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(2-ethylhexyl)-355.7(acrylate)-5865.9(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 175.5 148.515 Tm -0.0052 Tc (11)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 149.7151 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 148.515 Tm -0.0052 Tc (20)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 193.38 149.7151 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 199.14 148.515 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 149.7151 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (65)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.0013 Tc [(2-ethylbutyl)-355.7(acrylate)-6204.6(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 139.5751 Tm 0 Tc (9)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 140.7751 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 139.5751 Tm -0.0052 Tc (16)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 140.7751 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 139.5751 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 140.7751 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (50)Tj -25.4903 -1.1292 TD -0.0012 Tc [(dodecyl)-348(acrylate)-7755.3(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 175.5 130.5751 Tm -0.0052 Tc (15)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 131.7751 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 130.5751 Tm -0.0052 Tc (28)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 193.38 131.7751 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 199.14 130.5751 Tm (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 131.7751 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (30)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc [(hexadecyl)-347.8(acrylate)-6866.8(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 175.5 121.6351 Tm -0.0052 Tc (19)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 122.8351 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 121.6351 Tm -0.0052 Tc (36)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 193.38 122.8351 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 199.14 121.6351 Tm (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 258.36 122.8351 Tm -0.0031 Tc (35)Tj -25.4827 -1.1292 TD -0.0014 Tc [(2-ethoxyethyl)-355.8(acrylate)-5542.3(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 112.6351 Tm 0 Tc (7)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 113.8351 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 112.6351 Tm -0.0052 Tc (12)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 113.8351 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 112.6351 Tm (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 252.18 113.8351 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (50)Tj -25.4903 -1.1217 TD -0.0014 Tc [(is)-3.9(obornyl)-348.2(acrylate)-7145.8(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 175.5 103.6951 Tm -0.0052 Tc (13)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 181.56 104.8951 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 187.32 103.6951 Tm -0.0052 Tc (20)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 193.38 104.8951 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 199.14 103.6951 Tm (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 258.36 104.8951 Tm -0.0031 Tc (94)Tj -25.4827 -1.1292 TD -0.0012 Tc [(cyclohexyl)-348(acrylate)-6708.9(C)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 176.88 94.6951 Tm 0 Tc (9)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 180.18 95.8951 Tm (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 185.94 94.6951 Tm -0.0052 Tc (14)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 192 95.8951 Tm 0 Tc (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 197.76 94.6951 Tm (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 258.36 95.8951 Tm -0.0031 Tc (16)Tj ET q 211.14 0 0 -1.02 55.254 89.4811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 55.26 80.4151 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 58.62 77.7151 Tm 0.0024 Tc [(De)4.7(n)4.5(s)6(ity)-324.7(\()6.2(g)4.5(lc)4.7(m)]TJ 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 101.7 80.4151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 104.88 77.7151 Tm -0.0026 Tc [(\))-328.1(a)-0.3(nd)-337.7(refract)-5.7(i)-5.7(v)-0.5(e)-345.5(i)-5.7(ndex)-337.7(\()]TJ /F6 1 Tf 9.4755 0 TD 0 Tc (n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 179.76 76.575 Tm (D)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 184.08 77.7151 Tm -0.0021 Tc [(\))-327.6(f)1.7(or)-343.6(met)-5.2(hyl)-334.4(acryl)-5.2(at)-5.2(e,)-338.3(et)-5.2(hyl)]TJ -17.2404 -1.2045 TD -0.0024 Tc [(acryl)-5.5(at)-5.5(e,)-394.8(and)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.6291 0 TD 0 Tc (n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.546 0 TD -0.0021 Tc [(-but)-5.2(yl)-390.6(acryl)-5.2(at)-5.2(e:)-398.6(1.22,)-394.5(1.479;)-390.6(1.12,)-394.5(1.464;)-398.6(1.08,)-394.5(1.474.)]TJ -6.1751 -1.1965 TD -0.0024 Tc [(Densi)-5.5(t)-5.5(y)-337.5(for)-343.9(i)-5.5(sopropyl)-350.7(acryl)-5.5(at)-5.5(e)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 12.4948 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.06 0 TD (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.4979 0 TD (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.273 0 TD -0.0022 Tc [(08)-345.4(g/)-5.3(cm)]TJ 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 187.26 62.4751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.472 0 0 7.472 190.38 59.7751 Tm (.)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 342.18 771.675 Tm 0.0003 Tc [(T)84.3(A)-0.4(BLE)-337.2(2)3.4(.)-502.5(P)-0.8(HYSICAL)-329.7(PROPER)57.5(TIES)-324.5(OF)-332(ACR)50(Y)-0.4(LIC)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD (MONOMERS)Tj ET q 197.16 0 0 -1.02 342.174 757.821 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 342.18 746.115 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(Acrylate)-3117.9(Molecular)-338.1(w)-1.8(eight)-1831(bp,)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 478.68 749.775 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 481.98 746.115 Tm (C)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 487.32 748.995 Tm (a)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 504.78 746.115 Tm (d)Tj /F1 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 509.34 748.995 Tm -0.0052 Tc (25)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 515.46 746.115 Tm 0.3297 Tc [(,g)332.8(/)329.2(c)329.5(m)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 535.98 748.995 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj ET q 197.16 0 0 -0.54 342.174 740.541 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 342.18 729.5551 Tm -0.0024 Tc [(methyl)-6868.6(86)-5088.3(79)-89.6()-89.6(8)0.7(1)-3055.7(0)-6.8(.950)]TJ T* -0.0026 Tc [(ethyl)-7395.8(100)-4591.6(99)-89.8()-89.8(100)-2807.4(0)-7(.)-1(917)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 0 -1.1217 TD 0 Tc (n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.542 0 TD -0.0028 Tc [(-butyl)-6470(128)-4343.4(144)-90()-90(149)-2559.2(0)-7.2(.)-1.2(894)]TJ -0.542 -1.1518 TD -0.0022 Tc [(is)-4.7(obutyl)-6175.8(128)-4636.4(61)-89.4()-89.4(6)0.9(3)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 487.08 705.3151 Tm 0 Tc (b)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 513.06 702.4351 Tm -0.0031 Tc [(0)-7.5(.)-1.5(884)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -21.4401 -1.1292 TD 0 Tc (t)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3689 0 TD -0.0028 Tc [(-butyl)-6643.2(128)-5435(120)-3635.7(0)-7.2(.)-1.2(879)]TJ -0.3689 -1.1217 TD -0.0024 Tc [(2-ethylhexyl)-4354.2(184)-4343(214)-89.6()-89.6(220)-2558.8(0)-6.8(.)-0.8(880)]TJ ET q 197.16 0 0 -1.02 342.174 678.0211 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 342.18 670.155 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 345.54 667.455 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(At)-334.2(101.3)-345.1(k)0.2(Pa)-336.8(unl)-4.9(ess)-343.6(o)0.2(t)-4.9(h)0.2(erwi)-5(se)-344.8(not)-5(ed.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 342.18 661.215 Tm 0 Tc (b)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 345.42 658.455 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(At)-333.2(6.7)-336(k)1.2(Pa)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 4.6896 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.06 0 TD -0.0006 Tc [(50)-335.7(mm)-330.8(Hg.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 639.255 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(Acryl)5(i)5(c)-324.6(Est)4.9(e)-1.1(r)-324.6(M)3.4(onomers)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3697 TD 0.0016 Tc [(Some)-325.3(of)-319.3(t)4.3(h)-0.8(e)-332.2(physi)4.3(cal)-312.3(propert)4.3(i)4.3(e)-1.8(s)-325.2(o)-0.8(f)-326.1(t)4.3(he)-325.3(pri)4.3(n)-0.8(ci)4.3(pal)-319.2(c)-1.8(ommerci)4.3(a)-1.8(l)-319.2(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-325.3(est)4.3(e)-1.8(rs)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(ar)5.7(e)-330.7(g)0.7(i)5.8(v)0.7(en)-322.8(i)5.8(n)-329.7(T)70.4(a)-0.3(bl)5.8(e)-323.8(2)0.7(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0015 Tc [(There)-421.7(a)-1.9(re)-428.6(current)4.2(l)4.2(y)-427.7(t)4.2(w)0.8(o)-434.6(p)-0.9(ri)4.2(nci)4.2(p)-0.9(al)-422.5(processes)-407.9(u)-0.9(sed)-420.8(f)4.1(or)-429.5(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)-428.6(m)1.7(anufact)4.2(ure)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(of)-539.1(monomeri)4.7(c)-538.2(acryl)4.7(i)4.7(c)-538.2(est)4.7(e)-1.4(rs:)-539.1(t)4.7(he)-538.2(semi)4.7(cat)4.7(al)4.7(yt)4.7(i)4.7(c)-538.2(Reppe)-538.2(process)-531.3(a)-1.4(nd)-530.4(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(propyl)4.9(ene)-462.3(oxi)4.9(dat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-468.3(p)-0.2(rocess.)-463.6(The)-469.2(n)-0.2(ewer)-463.2(propyl)4.9(ene)-469.2(oxi)4.9(dat)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-468.3(p)-0.2(rocess)-462.3(i)4.9(s)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(pr)5.4(ef)5.4(er)5.4(r)5.4(e)-0.6(d)-330(b)0.4(ecause)-310.3(of)-324.9(economy)-316.2(a)-0.6(nd)-330(saf)5.4(e)-0.6(t)5.5(y)0.4(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0004 Tc [(The)-409.1(t)3.1(oxicities)-422.8(o)-2(f)-416.8(acrylic)-415.9(monomers)-409(r)]TJ 15.4173 0 TD [(ange)-409.2(from)-419.3(m)0.6(oderate)-409.2(to)-422(slight.)-417.3(I)2.9(n)]TJ -16.5599 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(general)5.3(,)-545.8(t)5.3(h)0.2(ey)-543.6(can)-550.5(be)-551.4(handl)5.3(ed)-543.6(safel)5.3(y)-543.6(and)-550.5(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(hout)-552.2(di)5.3(f)25.9()1.1(cul)5.3(t)5.3(y)-550.5(by)-557.3(t)5.3(r)5.2(ai)5.3(ned)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(personnel)-311.7(f)4.8(ol)4.9(l)4.9(o)-0.2(wi)4.9(ng)-337.5(est)4.9(a)-1.2(bl)4.9(i)4.9(s)-1.1(hed)-316.8(s)-1.1(afet)4.9(y)-323.7(p)-0.2(ract)4.9(i)4.9(ces.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7758 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Radi)5(cal)-325.4(P)0.7(ol)5(ymeri)5(zat)4.9(i)5(on)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3697 TD 0.0009 Tc [(Usually,)-451.1(free-radical)]TJ 8.8925 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(initiators)-463.3(such)-455.5(as)-456.4(azo)-455.5(compounds)-442.6(or)-457.3(peroxides)-449.5(a)-2.2(re)]TJ -8.8925 -1.1426 TD 0.0001 Tc [(used)-442.8(to)-463.5(initiate)-464.4(the)-450.7(polymerization)-449.7(o)]TJ 15.4449 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(f)-457.3(acrylic)-449.6(monomers.)-444(Photochemical)]TJ -15.4449 -1.1425 TD 0.0005 Tc [(and)-414.9(r)3.1(adiation-initiated)-421.8(polymeriza)]TJ 13.9582 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(tions)-415.1(are)-415.1(a)-2.2(lso)-421.1(w)0.5(ell)-416(known.)-409.5(Methods)-415.1(of)]TJ -13.9582 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(radi)5(cal)-366.7(pol)5(ymeri)5(zat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-364.9(i)5(ncl)5(ude)-365.9(bul)5(k,)-367.2(sol)5(u)-0.1(t)5(i)5(on,)-367.2(emul)5(si)5(on,)-360.3(suspensi)5(on,)-353.4(graft)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(copol)4.9(ymeri)4.9(zat)4.9(i)4.9(on,)-470.5(radi)4.9(at)4.9(i)4.9(on-i)4.9(nduced,)-463.6(a)-1.2(nd)-482(i)4.9(oni)4.9(c)-483(w)1.5(i)4.9(t)4.9(h)-488.9(emul)4.9(si)4.9(on)-475.2(bei)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-475.2(t)4.9(he)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(most)-326(i)4.4(m)2(port)4.4(a)-1.7(nt)4.4(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0016 Tc [(The)-284(free-radi)4.3(cal)-277.9(pol)4.3(ymeri)4.3(zat)4.3(i)4.3(o)-0.8(n)-283(o)-0.8(f)]TJ 14.206 0 TD 0.0019 Tc [(acryl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-290.6(monomers)-276.7(f)4.5(ol)4.6(l)4.6(o)-0.5(ws)-290.5(a)-290.6(c)-1.5(l)4.6(a)-1.5(ssi)4.6(cal)]TJ -15.3485 -1.1425 TD -0.0027 Tc [(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(i)0(n)-335.5(m)-2.5(e)-6.1(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(is)-6(m)-325.9(i)0(n)-349.3(w)-3.4(h)-5.1(i)0(c)-6.1(h)-342.4(th)-5.1(e)-343.3(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(in)-5.1(-p)-5.1(ro)-5.1(p)-5.1(a)-6.1(g)-5.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-321.7(s)-6(te)-6.1(p)-342.4(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t)0(a)-6.1(ils)-343.3(th)-5.1(e)-343.3(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(-to)-5.1(-)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(t)4.7(a)-1.4(i)4.7(l)-353.2(growt)4.7(h)-351.5(of)-353.3(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-352.4(pol)4.7(ymeri)4.7(c)-352.4(free)-359.3(r)4.6(adi)4.7(cal)-346.3(by)-351.5(at)4.7(t)4.7(ack)-344.6(on)-351.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-359.3(doubl)4.7(e)-345.5(bond)-344.6(of)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(t)4(h)-1.1(e)-332.5(m)1.6(onomer.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(The)-448.2(v)0.2(ast)-442.1(m)2.9(aj)5.3(or)5.2(i)5.3(t)5.3(y)-461(of)-449(al)5.3(l)-449(c)-0.8(ommer)5.2(c)-0.8(i)5.3(a)-0.8(l)5.3(l)5.3(y)-447.2(pr)5.2(epar)5.2(ed)-440.3(acr)5.2(yl)5.3(i)5.3(c)-455(pol)5.3(ymer)5.2(s)-448.1(a)-0.8(r)5.2(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(copol)4.4(ymers)-572.9(o)-0.7(f)-580.7(a)-1.7(n)-585.8(acryl)4.4(i)4.4(c)-579.8(est)4.4(e)-1.7(r)-580.7(m)2(onomer)-573.8(wi)4.4(t)4.4(h)-585.8(one)-579.8(or)-587.6(more)-579.8(di)4.4(f)25(f)4.3(erent)]TJ T* [(monomers.)-594.9(Copol)4.4(ymeri)4.4(zat)4.4(i)4.4(o)-0.7(n)-599.5(g)-0.7(reat)4.4(l)4.4(y)]TJ 16.2983 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(i)5.3(n)0.2(creases)-592.6(t)5.3(h)0.2(e)-606.5(r)5.2(ange)-599.6(of)-607.3(avai)5.3(l)5.3(a)-0.8(bl)5.3(e)]TJ -16.2983 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(pol)4.8(ymer)-256.8(propert)4.8(i)4.8(e)-1.3(s)-269.6(a)-1.3(nd)-261.9(has)-262.8(l)4.8(ed)-268.8(t)4.8(o)-268.8(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-269.7(d)-0.3(evel)4.8(opment)-249.9(o)-0.3(f)-263.7(m)2.4(any)-261.9(d)-0.3(i)4.8(f)25.4(ferent)-270.5(resi)4.8(ns)]TJ T* [(sui)4.8(t)4.8(a)-1.3(bl)4.8(e)-324.8(f)4.7(or)-332.5(a)-331.7(b)-0.3(road)-323.8(vari)4.8(et)4.8(y)-330.7(o)-0.3(f)-332.5(a)-1.3(ppl)4.8(i)4.8(cat)4.8(i)4.8(ons.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(I)5.3(n)-268.2(gener)5.3(a)-0.7(l)5.4(,)-249.7(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(i)5.4(c)-262.2(est)5.4(e)-0.7(r)-256.2(m)3(onomer)5.3(s)-262.2(c)-0.7(opol)5.4(ymer)5.3(i)5.4(z)-0.7(e)-248.5(r)5.3(eadi)5.4(l)5.4(y)-261.3(wi)5.4(t)5.4(h)-275.1(each)-247.5(ot)5.4(her)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(or)-325.8(wi)4.6(t)4.6(h)-337.8(most)-325.8(ot)4.6(her)-325.8(t)4.6(ypes)-324.9(o)-0.5(f)-332.7(v)-0.5(i)4.6(nyl)-325.8(monomers)-324.9(b)-0.5(y)-324(free-radi)4.6(cal)-325.8(processes.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7758 TD 0.0011 Tc [(Heal)3.8(th)-330.8(and)-330.8(S)-0.4(afety)-324.8(F)-0.5(actors)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0015 Tc [(Acryl)4.2(i)4.2(c)-373.5(pol)4.2(ymers)-366.6(a)-1.9(re)-373.5(consi)4.2(d)-0.9(ered)-358.8(t)4.2(o)-379.5(be)-366.7(nont)4.2(oxi)4.2(c.)-361.1(In)-379.5(fact)4.2(,)-374.8(t)4.2(he)-373.5(FDA)-370.9(a)-1.9(l)4.2(l)4.2(o)-0.9(ws)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(cert)5(a)-1.1(i)5(n)-247.9(acryl)5(at)5(e)-248.9(pol)5(ymers)-248.8(t)5(o)-261.7(b)-0.1(e)-248.9(u)-0.1(sed)-247.9(i)5(n)-254.8(t)5(he)-255.7(packagi)5(n)-0.1(g)-234.2(a)-1.1(nd)-247.9(handl)5(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-247.9(o)-0.1(f)-325.4(f)4.9(ood.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Pot)5.4(e)-0.7(nt)5.4(i)5.4(a)-0.7(l)-579.7(h)0.3(eal)5.4(t)5.4(h)-584.8(and)-584.8(s)-0.6(af)5.3(et)5.4(y)-577.9(p)0.3(r)5.3(obl)5.4(ems)-585.7(o)0.3(f)-586.6(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(i)5.4(c)-585.7(pol)5.4(ymer)5.3(s)-585.7(o)0.3(ccur)-572.8(i)5.4(n)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(h)0.5(ei)5.6(r)-393.7(m)3.2(anuf)5.5(act)5.6(ur)5.5(e.)-380.3(Dur)5.5(i)5.6(ng)-398.7(manuf)5.5(act)5.6(ur)5.5(e,)-380.3(consi)5.6(d)0.5(er)5.5(abl)5.6(e)-379(car)5.5(e)-392.8(i)5.6(s)-399.6(e)-0.5(xer)5.5(c)-0.5(i)5.6(s)-0.4(ed)-378.1(t)5.6(o)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(reduce)-310.9(t)4.9(he)-324.7(pot)4.9(ent)4.9(i)4.9(a)-1.2(l)-311.7(f)4.8(or)-325.5(vi)4.9(ol)4.9(ent)-311.7(pol)4.9(ymeri)4.9(zat)4.9(i)4.9(ons)-310.8(and)-316.8(t)4.9(o)-323.7(r)4.8(educe)-310.9(e)-1.2(xposure)-310.9(t)4.9(o)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(ammabl)4.8(e)-324.8(a)-1.3(nd)-323.8(pot)4.8(ent)4.8(i)4.8(a)-1.3(l)4.8(l)4.8(y)-330.7(t)4.8(oxi)4.8(c)-331.7(m)2.4(onomers)-324.7(a)-1.3(nd)-323.8(sol)4.8(v)-0.3(ent)4.8(s)-1.2(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7758 TD 0.0027 Tc (Uses)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3697 TD -0.0023 Tc [(Ac)-5.7(ry)-4.7(lic)-363.6(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(te)-5.7(r)-357.6(p)-4.7(o)-4.7(l)0.4(y)-4.7(m)-2(e)-5.7(r)0.3(s)-363.5(a)-5.7(re)-363.6(u)-4.7(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(d)-355.8(p)-4.7(r)0.3(ima)-5.7(r)0.3(ily)-369.5(in)-369.5(c)-5.7(o)-4.7(a)-5.7(tin)-4.7(g)-4.7(s)-5.6(,)-351.1(t)0.4(e)-5.7(x)-4.7(tile)-5.7(s)-5.6(,)-364.9(a)-5.7(d)-4.7(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(i)0.4(v)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0031 Tc [(and)-322.8(p)0.7(aper)5.7(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -1.7758 TD 0.0019 Tc [(2-Cyanoacryl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-311.2(Ester)-331.9(P)0.3(ol)4.6(ymers)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0018 Tc [(The)-504(pol)4.5(ymers)-504(o)-0.6(f)-504.9(t)4.5(he)-510.9(2-cyanoacry)]TJ 14.3367 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [(l)4.2(i)4.2(c)-490.6(est)4.2(e)-1.9(rs,)-505.6(m)1.8(ore)-511.2(c)-1.9(ommonl)4.2(y)-496.5(known)-503.4(a)-1.9(s)]TJ -14.3367 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-476.2(a)-1.3(l)4.8(kyl)-470.1(2-cyanoacryl)4.8(at)4.8(es,)-456.8(a)-1.3(re)-476.2(hard)-475.3(gl)4.8(assy)-468.4(resi)4.8(ns)-476.1(t)4.8(h)-0.3(at)-470.1(exhi)4.8(bi)4.8(t)-477(e)-1.3(xcel)4.8(l)4.8(e)-1.3(nt)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(adhesi)4.6(on)-365.3(t)4.6(o)-379.1(a)-380(w)1.2(i)4.6(d)-0.5(e)-380(v)-0.5(ari)4.6(e)-1.5(t)4.6(y)-379.1(of)-380.9(mat)4.6(e)-1.5(ri)4.6(al)4.6(s.)-374.4(The)-380(pol)4.6(ymers)-373.1(a)-1.5(re)-380(spont)4.6(aneousl)4.6(y)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)5.4(m)3.1(ed)-515.9(when)-509(t)5.5(h)0.4(ei)5.5(r)-517.7(l)5.5(i)5.5(qui)5.5(d)-522.7(p)0.4(r)5.4(ecur)5.4(s)-0.5(or)5.4(s)-509.8(o)0.4(r)-510.8(m)3.1(onomer)5.4(s)-509.8(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-516.8(pl)5.5(aced)-509(bet)5.5(w)2.1(een)]TJ T* 0.0009 Tc [(two)-311.3(c)-2.5(losely)-304.4(tting)-318.1(s)-2.4(urfaces.)-299.7(T)-0.7(he)-305.3(spont)]TJ 15.5412 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(aneous)-291.1(polymerization)-304(o)-1.1(f)-312.7(t)4(hese)-304.9(very)]TJ -15.5412 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(react)5(i)5(v)-0.1(e)-386.5(l)5(i)5(qui)5(ds)-393.3(and)-392.5(t)5(he)-393.4(excel)5(l)5(e)-1.1(nt)-380.4(adhesi)5(on)-378.7(propert)5(i)5(e)-1.1(s)-386.5(o)-0.1(f)-394.3(t)5(he)-393.4(cured)-385.6(r)4.9(esi)5(n)-0.1(s)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(combi)5.1(n)0(e)-420.8(t)5.1(o)-426.8(m)2.6(ake)-420.8(t)5.1(hese)-427.7(compounds)-407(a)-427.7(uni)5.1(que)-420.8(cl)5.1(ass)-420.8(o)0(f)-428.6(s)-0.9(i)5.1(ngl)5.1(e-component)5.1(,)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(m)-2.1(b)-4.8(i)0.3(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(t-te)-5.8(mp)-4.8(e)-5.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(t)0.3(u)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(-)0.2(c)-5.8(u)-4.8(rin)-4.8(g)-527.9(a)-5.8(d)-4.8(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-5.7(i)0.3(v)-4.8(e)-522(o)-4.8(f)-536.6(g)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(a)-5.8(t)-536.6(v)-4.8(e)-5.8(rs)-5.7(a)-5.8(tility)-541.7(\(T)64.9(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(le)-336.2(3)-4.8(\))0.2(.)-537(T)-4(h)-4.8(e)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(mat)4.9(e)-1.2(ri)4.9(al)4.9(s)-434.7(t)4.9(hat)-428.7(can)-427(be)-427.9(bonded)-420.1(r)4.8(un)-433.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-434.8(g)-0.2(amut)-421.8(from)-438(m)2.4(et)4.9(al)4.9(s,)-429.2(pl)4.9(ast)4.9(i)4.9(c)-1.2(s,)-422.3(most)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(el)4.6(ast)4.6(o)-0.5(mers,)-319.4(f)4.5(abri)4.6(cs,)-326.3(a)-1.5(nd)-324(woods)-324.9(t)4.6(o)-337.8(many)-324(cerami)4.6(c)-1.5(s.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD -0.0021 Tc 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[(est)4.6(e)-1.5(rs)-311.1(and)-310.3(z)-1.5(i)4.6(n)-0.5(c.)-305.6(Ot)4.6(t)4.6(o)-324(Rohm,)-312.5(i)4.6(n)-317.1(1901,)-305.6(descri)4.6(bed)-303.4(t)4.6(he)-318.1(st)4.6(ruct)4.6(ures)-311.1(of)-312.1(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-318.1(l)4.6(i)4.6(qui)4.6(d)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(condensat)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-413.4(p)-0.4(roduct)4.7(s)-428(\(i)4.7(ncl)4.7(udi)4.7(ng)-440.9(di)]TJ 14.9286 0 TD 0.001 Tc [(mers)-435.9(and)-428.2(t)3.7(ri)3.7(mers\))-443.8(obt)3.7(ai)3.7(ned)-428.2(from)-439.2(t)3.7(he)]TJ -14.9286 -1.1426 TD 0.0024 Tc [(act)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-475(o)0(f)-476.8(s)-0.9(odi)5.1(um)-472.3(al)5.1(koxi)5.1(des)-469(o)0(n)-475(m)2.7(et)5.1(hyl)-476.7(and)-468.1(e)-1(t)5.1(hyl)-476.7(acryl)5.1(at)5.1(e.)-470.3(Short)5.1(l)5.1(y)-481.8(aft)5.1(e)-1(r)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(W)85.8(o)-0.3(rl)4.8(d)-427.1(W)85.8(ar)-422(I,)-429.3(Rohm)-417.5(i)4.8(n)-0.3(t)4.8(r)4.7(oduced)-413.3(a)-421.1(n)-0.3(ew)-418.4(acryl)4.8(at)4.8(e)-414.2(s)-1.2(ynt)4.8(hesi)4.8(s,)-408.7(not)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(g)-420.2(t)4.8(hat)-421.9(a)-1.3(n)]TJ T* [(acryl)4.7(at)4.7(e)-400.6(i)4.7(s)-407.4(f)4.6(ormed)-406.5(i)4.7(n)-406.5(good)-392.8(yi)4.7(el)4.7(d)-406.5(from)-410.7(h)-0.4(eat)4.7(i)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-392.8(e)-1.4(t)4.7(hyl)4.7(ene)-400.6(c)-1.4(yanohydri)4.7(n)-385.9(and)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(sul)5.2(f)5.1(uri)5.2(c)-262.4(aci)5.2(d)-261.5(a)-0.9(nd)-254.6(al)5.2(cohol)5.2(.)-256.8(A)-259.7(maj)5.2(o)0.1(r)-263.3(i)5.2(ncent)5.2(i)5.2(v)0.1(e)-255.5(f)5.1(or)-263.3(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-262.4(d)0.1(evel)5.2(opment)-242.6(o)0.1(f)-256.4(a)-262.4(cl)5.2(ear,)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(ough)-323.7(pl)4.9(ast)4.9(i)4.9(c)-331.6(acryl)4.9(at)4.9(e)-324.7(w)1.5(as)-331.5(for)-325.5(u)-0.2(se)-331.6(i)4.9(n)-330.6(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-331.6(m)2.5(anufact)4.9(ure)-324.7(o)-0.2(f)-325.5(s)-1.1(afet)4.9(y)-323.7(g)-0.2(l)4.9(a)-1.2(ss.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Et)4.6(hyl)-580.4(met)4.6(h)-0.5(acryl)4.6(at)4.6(e)-572.8(w)1.2(ent)-573.6(i)4.6(nt)4.6(o)-585.6(c)-1.5(ommerci)4.6(a)-1.5(l)-573.6(p)-0.5(roduct)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-571.8(i)4.6(n)-585.6(1933.)-574(The)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(synt)5.5(hesi)5.5(s)-317.1(p)0.4(r)5.4(o)0.4(ceeded)-309.4(i)5.5(n)-336.9(t)5.5(h)0.4(e)-331(f)5.4(ol)5.5(l)5.5(o)0.4(wi)5.5(ng)-330(st)5.5(eps:)]TJ 0.998 -2.2507 TD 0.0022 Tc [(\(1\))-1000.1(A)1.5(cet)4.9(one)-462.3(and)-468.3(hydrogen)-454.5(c)-1.2(yani)4.9(de,)-456.7(g)-0.2(enerat)4.9(ed)-461.4(from)-472.5(s)-1.1(odi)4.9(um)-465.6(cyani)4.9(d)-0.2(e)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(and)-323.1(aci)5.5(d,)-325.4(gave)-324.1(acet)5.5(one)-317.2(cyanohydr)5.4(i)5.5(n)]TJ 4.1503 -1.6656 TD 0.0007 Tc (HCN)Tj /F5 1 Tf 2.3332 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 413.76 543.255 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 417.3 544.575 Tm 0.0006 Tc (COCH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 441.54 543.255 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 447.48 544.575 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.0215 0 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 489.18 543.255 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 492.72 544.575 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 495.96 543.255 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 499.5 544.575 Tm (C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CN)Tj -23.7388 -1.6588 TD 0.0027 Tc [(\()5.3(2)0.3(\))-999.6(T)1.1(he)-530.7(acet)5.4(one)-530.7(cyanohydr)5.3(i)5.4(n)-522.8(was)-530.6(c)-0.7(onver)5.3(t)5.4(ed)-529.7(t)5.4(o)-543.5(et)5.4(hyl)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 23.8418 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(-hydroxyi)4.4(so)]TJ -22.2863 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(but)5.3(yrat)5.3(e)-324.3(b)0.2(y)-330.2(r)5.2(eact)5.3(i)5.3(o)0.2(n)-323.3(w)1.9(i)5.3(t)5.3(h)-337.1(et)5.3(hyl)-325.1(al)5.3(cohol)-318.2(and)-330.2(d)0.2(i)5.3(l)5.3(u)0.2(t)5.3(e)-331.1(sul)5.3(f)5.2(uri)5.3(c)-331.2(aci)5.3(d)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 1.0944 -2.1819 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 361.26 499.815 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 364.8 501.135 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 368.04 499.815 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 371.58 501.135 Tm (C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CN)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.6174 0 TD 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.998 0 TD (C)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 425.1 499.815 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 428.64 501.135 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 434.94 499.815 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 438.48 501.135 Tm 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.26 508.155 Tm 0 Tc (H)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 458.64 507.255 Tm (2)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 461.34 508.155 Tm 0.0045 Tc (SO)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 469.14 507.255 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 451.08 501.135 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F6 1 Tf 2.7462 0 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 490.38 499.815 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 493.92 501.135 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 497.16 499.815 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 500.7 501.135 Tm (C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 549.84 499.815 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 553.38 501.135 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 559.68 499.815 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 317.46 486.675 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(\(3\))-1000.1(T)0.6(he)-393.5(hydroxy)-392.6(est)4.9(e)-1.2(r)-401.3(w)1.5(as)-393.4(dehydrat)4.9(ed)-385.7(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-413.2(phosphorus)-379.7(pent)4.9(oxi)4.9(de)-393.5(t)4.9(o)]TJ 2.1681 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(produce)-318(e)-1.4(t)4.7(hyl)-325.7(met)4.7(h)-0.4(acryl)4.7(at)4.7(e)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 2.0786 -2.1956 TD 0 Tc (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 369.84 456.255 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 373.38 457.575 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 376.62 456.255 Tm (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 380.16 457.575 Tm (C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (OH)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 429.3 456.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 432.84 457.575 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 439.14 456.255 Tm (5)Tj 1.4652 1.3767 TD (P)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 451.5 463.755 Tm (2)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 454.14 464.655 Tm (O)Tj 4.3584 0 0 4.3584 458.52 463.755 Tm (5)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 442.68 457.575 Tm -0.2363 Tc [()-13.8()]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.7462 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 478.68 456.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 482.28 458.175 Tm (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7778 -0.0688 TD (C)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.6676 0 TD (\()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CH)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 510.24 456.255 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 513.78 457.575 Tm (\))Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.3717 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (COOC)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 541.26 456.255 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 544.8 457.575 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 551.1 456.255 Tm (5)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.72 437.955 Tm 0.0025 Tc [(In)-351(1936,)-332.5(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-351.9(m)2.7(et)5.2(hyl)-338.9(est)5.2(e)-0.9(r)-339(o)0.1(f)-345.9(m)2.8(et)5.2(hacryl)5.2(i)5.2(c)-338.1(aci)5.2(d)-344.1(w)1.8(as)-345(i)5.2(n)0.1(t)5.2(r)5.1(oduced)-337.2(and)-344.1(u)0.1(sed)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(t)4.9(o)-282.4(produce)-269.6(a)-1.2(n)-282.4()-1.2(or)25.5(gani)4.9(c)-276.5(g)-0.2(l)4.9(a)-1.2(ss)-269.6(by)-282.4(cast)-270.4(pol)4.9(ymeri)4.9(zat)4.9(i)4.9(on.)-277.8(Met)4.9(hyl)-277.3(met)4.9(h)-0.2(acryl)4.9(at)4.9(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0006 Tc [(was)-567.1(m)0.9(ade)-560.3(i)3.3(nitially)-580(through)-566.2(methyl)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 15.5756 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6126 0 TD 0.0018 Tc [(-hydroxyi)4.5(sobut)4.5(yrat)4.5(e)-552.2(b)-0.6(y)-565(t)4.5(he)-566(same)]TJ -16.1882 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(process)-317.9(p)-0.4(revi)4.7(ousl)4.7(y)-323.9(i)4.7(ndi)4.7(cat)4.7(ed)-330.8(for)-332.6(t)4.7(he)-331.8(et)4.7(hyl)-325.7(est)4.7(e)-1.4(r.)-326.2(Over)-325.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-331.8(y)-0.4(ears,)-326.2(numerous)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(process)-276.1(c)-0.9(hanges)-276.1(h)0.1(ave)-283.1(t)5.2(aken)-282.1(pl)5.2(ace)-283.1(and)-282.1(c)-0.9(ost)5.2(s)-289.9(l)5.2(o)0.1(wered,)-284.4(maki)5.2(ng)-282.1(t)5.2(h)0.1(ese)-283.1(p)0.1(l)5.2(a)-0.9(st)5.2(i)5.2(c)-0.9(s)]TJ T* [(avai)5.2(l)5.2(a)-0.9(bl)5.2(e)-283.1(o)0.1(n)-289(a)-290(very)-282.1(hi)5.2(gh)-289(t)5.2(onnage)-283.1(basi)5.2(s)-283(f)5.1(or)-290.8(t)5.2(housands)-276.1(of)-284(uses.)-277.5(F)1(or)-284(exampl)5.2(e,)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-345.5(hydrogen)-330.8(c)-1.4(yani)4.7(de)-331.8(requi)4.7(red)-344.6(i)4.7(s)-345.5(now)-342.8(produced)-330.8(cat)4.7(al)4.7(yt)4.7(i)4.7(cal)4.7(l)4.7(y)-344.6(from)-348.8(n)-0.4(at)4.7(ural)]TJ T* 0.0025 Tc [(gas,)-318.8(ammoni)5.2(a,)-325.7(and)-323.4(a)-0.9(i)5.2(r)5.1(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0018 Tc [(As)-569.5(with)-575.5(mo)-4.2(s)-5.1(t)-563.5(s)-5.1(y)-4.2(n)-4.2(t)0.9(h)-4.2(e)-5.2(tic)-562.7(p)-4.2(l)0.9(a)-5.2(s)-5.1(tic)-569.6(ma)-5.2(te)-5.2(ria)-5.2(l)0.9(s)-5.1(,)-570.8(th)-4.2(e)-5.2(y)-568.6(c)-5.2(o)-4.2(mme)-5.2(n)-4.2(c)-5.2(e)-555.8(w)-2.5(ith)-568.6(th)-4.2(e)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(monomers.)-635.7(Any)-640.3(o)-0.2(f)-642.2(t)4.9(he)-641.3(common)-640.3(processes,)-621.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(cl)4.9(udi)4.9(ng)-640.3(bul)4.9(k,)-635.7(sol)4.9(u)-0.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(on,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0027 Tc [(emul)5.4(si)5.4(on,)-724.7(or)-731.1(suspensi)5.4(on)-708.7(syst)5.4(ems,)-724.7(may)-729.3(b)0.3(e)-730.3(u)0.3(sed)-722.4(i)5.4(n)-736.2(t)5.4(he)-737.1(f)5.3(r)5.3(ee-)5.3(r)5.3(a)-0.7(di)5.4(cal)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-392.9(o)-0.5(r)-401.6(c)-1.5(opol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-386(o)]TJ 15.5963 0 TD [(f)-394.7(acryl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-400.7(monomers.)-395.1(The)-393.8(m)2.2(ol)4.6(ecul)4.6(a)-1.5(r)]TJ -15.5963 -1.1425 TD 0.002 Tc [(wei)4.7(ght)-318.8(and)-323.9(physi)4.7(cal)-311.9(propert)4.7(i)4.7(e)-1.4(s)-324.8(o)-0.4(f)-325.8(t)4.7(he)-331.8(product)4.7(s)-317.9(may)-323.9(b)-0.4(e)-324.9(v)-0.4(ari)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-323.9(over)-318.9(a)-331.8(wi)4.7(de)]TJ T* [(range)-379.8(by)-378.9(proper)-380.7(s)-1.2(el)4.8(ect)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-378.9(o)-0.3(f)-380.7(acryl)4.8(i)4.8(c)-386.7(monomer)-373.8(and)-378.9(m)2.4(onomer)-373.8(mi)4.8(xes,)-381.1(t)4.8(ype)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(of)-325.3(process,)-318.9(and)-323.5(p)0(rocess)-317.5(c)-1(ondi)5.1(t)5.1(i)5.1(ons.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(In)-296.5(bul)4.6(k)-296.5(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-289.6(n)-0.5(o)-289.6(s)-1.4(ol)4.6(vent)4.6(s)-290.5(a)-1.5(re)-297.4(empl)4.6(oyed)-282.7(a)-1.5(nd)-289.6(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-297.4(m)2.1(onomer)-284.6(act)4.6(s)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(as)-393.4(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-400.4(s)-1.1(ol)4.9(vent)-387.4(and)-392.6(c)-1.2(ont)4.9(i)4.9(nuous)-386.6(phase)-386.6(i)4.9(n)-406.3(whi)4.9(c)-1.2(h)-392.6(t)4.9(he)-400.4(process)-386.5(i)4.9(s)-400.3(carri)4.9(ed)-399.5(out)4.9(.)]TJ T* 0.0016 Tc [(Commerci)4.3(a)-1.8(l)-415.6(bul)4.3(k)-427.6(p)-0.8(rocesses)-407.8(f)4.2(or)-429.4(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-428.5(pol)4.3(ymers)-421.6(a)-1.8(re)-421.6(used)-420.7(mai)4.3(n)-0.8(l)4.3(y)-427.6(i)4.3(n)-427.6(t)4.3(h)-0.8(e)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(product)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-481.9(o)-0.1(f)-497.5(s)-1(heet)5(s,)-477.3(rods)-489.7(and)-488.8(t)5(ubes.)-484.2(Bul)5(k)-495.7(processes)-475.9(a)-1.1(re)-489.8(al)5(so)-488.8(used)-488.8(on)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(a)-476.3(m)2.2(uch)-475.4(s)-1.3(mal)4.7(l)4.7(e)-1.4(r)-477.2(s)-1.3(cal)4.7(e)-469.4(i)4.7(n)-482.2(t)4.7(he)-476.3(preparat)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-475.4(o)-0.4(f)-477.2(d)-0.4(ent)4.7(u)-0.4(res)-469.3(a)-1.4(nd)-468.5(novel)4.7(t)4.7(y)-475.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(e)-1.4(ms)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0029 Tc [(and)-343.7(i)5.6(n)-357.4(t)5.6(he)-351.5(pr)5.5(eser)5.5(vat)5.6(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-336.8(o)0.5(f)-352.4(b)0.5(i)5.6(o)0.5(l)5.6(ogi)5.6(cal)-338.6(speci)5.6(mens.)-332.1(A)2.2(cr)5.5(yl)5.6(i)5.6(c)-358.4(cast)5.6(i)5.6(ngs)-337.7(ar)5.5(e)-351.5(p)0.5(r)5.5(o)0.5(-)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(duced)-324.1(by)-337.9(pouri)4.5(n)-0.6(g)-337.9(m)2.1(onomers)-325(o)-0.6(r)-339.7(p)-0.6(art)4.5(i)4.5(a)-1.6(l)4.5(l)4.5(y)-344.8(pol)]TJ 18.2117 0 TD 0.002 Tc 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[(ta)-6.1(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-274.5(i)0(n)-280.5(m)-2.4(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(y)-273.6()-4.2(e)-6.1(l)0(d)-5.1(s)-6(,)-268.9(i)0(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(lu)-5.1(d)-5.1(i)0(n)-5.1(g)-273.6(s)-6(i)0(z)-6.1(e)-6.1(s)-6(,)-268.9()-4.2(n)-5.1(i)0(s)-6(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(s)-267.6(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-273.6(b)-5.1(in)-5.1(d)-5.1(e)-6.1(rs)-274.4(fo)-5.1(r)-282.3(t)0(e)-6.1(x)-5.1(tile)-6.1(s)-6(,)-275.8(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(a)-6.1(t)0(-)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0022 Tc [(in)-4.6(g)-4.6(s)-225.8(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-224.9(i)0.5(mp)-4.6(re)-5.6(g)-4.6(n)-4.6(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(t)0.5(s)-218.9(f)0.4(o)-4.6(r)-226.7(p)-4.6(a)-5.6(p)-4.6(e)-5.6(r)-219.8(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-224.9(le)-5.6(a)-5.6(t)0.5(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(r,)-220.2(th)-4.6(e)-5.6(r)0.4(mo)-4.6(p)-4.6(l)0.5(a)-5.6(s)-5.5(tic)-225.8(a)-5.6(n)-4.6(d)-224.9(t)0.5(h)-4.6(e)-5.6(rmo)-4.6(s)-5.5(e)-5.6(ttin)-4.6(g)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(prot)5(ect)5(i)5(v)-0.1(e)-352.1(c)-1.1(oat)5(i)5(ngs,)-339.6()0.8(oor)-346.1(ni)5(s)-1(hi)5(ng)-344.3(mat)5(e)-1.1(ri)5(al)5(s,)-346.5(adhesi)5(ves,)-332.7(hi)5(gh-i)5(m)2.6(pact)-346(pl)5(as-)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(t)4.8(i)4.8(c)-1.3(s,)-332.9(el)4.8(ast)4.8(o)-0.3(mers)-317.8(for)-332.5(g)-0.3(asket)4.8(s)-1.2(,)-319.2(a)-1.3(nd)-323.8(i)4.8(m)2.4(pregnant)4.8(s)-324.7(f)4.7(or)-325.6(asphal)4.8(t)-318.7(and)-330.7(c)-1.3(oncret)4.8(e)-1.3(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD [(Advant)4.7(ages)-345.5(of)-360.2(emul)4.7(si)4.7(on)-358.3(pol)4.7(ymeri)4.7(zat)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-358.3(a)-1.4(re)-359.3(rapi)4.7(di)4.7(t)4.7(y)-372.1(and)-351.5(p)-0.4(roduct)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-358.3(o)-0.4(f)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD [(hi)4.7(gh-mol)4.7(ecul)4.7(a)-1.4(r-wei)4.7(ght)-422(pol)4.7(ymers)-428.1(i)4.7(n)-434.1(a)-435(syst)4.7(em)-424.5(of)-429(rel)4.7(a)-1.4(t)4.7(i)4.7(v)-0.4(el)4.7(y)-434.1(l)4.7(ow)-432.3(vi)4.7(scosi)4.7(t)4.7(y)-0.4(.)]TJ T* -0.0023 Tc [(Dif)21()-3.8(c)-5.7(u)-4.7(ltie)-5.7(s)-680.1(i)0.4(n)-686.1(a)-5.7(g)-4.7(ita)-5.7(tio)-4.7(n)-4.7(,)-674.6(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(a)-5.7(t)-667.2(tra)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(f)0.3(e)-5.7(r)0.3(,)-681.5(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)-672.4(tra)-5.7(n)-4.7(s)-5.6(f)0.3(e)-5.7(r)-674.2(o)-4.7(f)-674.2(ma)-5.7(te)-5.7(ria)-5.7(l)0.4(s)-680.1(a)-5.7(re)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(mi)5.2(ni)5.2(mi)5.2(zed.)-477.1(T)0.9(he)-475.8(handl)5.2(i)5.2(n)0.1(g)-474.9(o)0.1(f)-476.7(h)0.1(azar)5.1(dous)-462(sol)5.2(v)0.1(ent)5.2(s)-468.8(i)5.2(s)-482.6(el)5.2(i)5.2(m)2.8(i)5.2(n)0.1(at)5.2(ed.)-477.1(T)0.9(he)-475.8(t)5.2(w)1.8(o)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0018 Tc [(pri)4.5(n)-0.6(ci)4.5(pal)-319(v)-0.6(ari)4.5(a)-1.6(t)4.5(i)4.5(ons)-325(i)4.5(n)-331(t)4.5(echni)4.5(que)-311.3(used)-317.2(for)-332.8(e)-1.6(mul)4.5(s)-1.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-317.2(pol)4.5(ymeri)4.5(zat)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-317.2(a)-1.6(re)-331.9(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(redox)-323.8(and)-323.8(t)4.8(he)-331.7(reux)-330.7(m)2.4(et)4.8(hods.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.1494 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Suspension)-406.4(p)-0.3(olymerization)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.0723 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(al)4.8(so)-420.2(i)4.8(s)-421.1(used.)-415.5(W)3.2(hen)-413.3(acryl)4.8(i)4.8(c)-421.1(monomers)-414.2(o)-0.3(r)]TJ -13.2149 -1.1494 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(h)-0.5(ei)4.6(r)-532.3(m)2.2(i)4.6(x)-0.5(t)4.6(u)-0.5(res)-538.3(w)1.2(i)4.6(t)4.6(h)-537.4(ot)4.6(her)-525.4(m)2.2(onomers)-531.4(a)-1.5(re)-531.5(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zed)-523.6(whi)4.6(l)4.6(e)-538.3(suspended)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0017 Tc [(\(usual)4.4(l)4.4(y)-289.8(i)4.4(n)-296.7(aqueous)-276.9(syst)4.4(em\),)-292(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-290.8(pol)4.4(ymeri)4.4(c)-297.6(product)-284.7(i)4.4(s)-297.6(obt)4.4(ai)4.4(ned)-282.9(i)4.4(n)-296.7(t)4.4(he)-297.6(form)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(of)-421.3(smal)5.5(l)-414.4(b)0.4(eads,)-407.9(somet)5.5(i)5.5(m)3.1(es)-413.5(cal)5.5(l)5.5(e)-0.6(d)-412.6(p)0.4(ear)5.4(l)5.5(s)-420.4(or)-414.4(gr)5.4(anul)5.5(es.)-407.9(B)2.2(ead)-412.6(pol)5.5(ymer)5.4(s)-420.4(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0016 Tc [(t)4.3(h)-0.8(e)-476.7(b)-0.8(asi)4.3(s)-462.9(of)-477.6(t)4.3(h)-0.8(e)-469.8(p)-0.8(roduct)4.3(i)4.3(o)-0.8(n)-468.9(o)-0.8(f)-470.7(m)1.9(ol)4.3(di)4.3(ng)-475.8(powders)-462.9(and)-468.9(d)-0.8(ent)4.3(u)-0.8(re)-469.8(mat)4.3(e)-1.8(ri)4.3(al)4.3(s.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD [(Pol)4.3(y)-0.8(mers)-621.2(deri)4.3(ved)-620.3(from)-624.5(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-628.1(or)-622.1(met)4.3(h)-0.8(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-621.2(aci)4.3(d)-620.3(f)4.2(urni)4.3(sh)-627.2(exchange)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(resi)5(ns)-434.6(of)-435.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-434.7(carboxyl)5(i)5(c)-427.8(aci)5(d)-433.8(t)5(ype.)-429.1(S)0.8(ol)5(ut)5(i)5(ons)-434.6(i)5(n)-440.6(or)25.6(gani)5(c)-434.7(s)-1(ol)5(vent)5(s)-427.8(f)4.9(urni)5(sh)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0022 Tc [(l)4.9(acquers,)-312.2(c)-1.2(oat)4.9(i)4.9(ngs)-317.7(and)-323.7(cement)4.9(s)-1.1(,)-312.2(w)1.5(hi)4.9(l)4.9(e)-324.7(wat)4.9(e)-1.2(r-sol)4.9(ubl)4.9(e)-324.7(hydrol)4.9(ysat)4.9(es)-310.8(are)-324.7(u)-0.2(sed)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0028 Tc [(as)-324(t)5.5(h)0.4(i)5.5(c)-0.6(keners,)-318.5(a)-0.6(dhesi)5.5(ves,)-311.6(and)-323.1(s)-0.5(i)5.5(zes.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(The)-427.2(b)0.5(asi)5.6(c)-420.3(di)5.6(f)26.2(f)5.5(er)5.5(ence)-420.3(bet)5.6(w)2.2(een)-419.4(suspensi)5.6(on)-405.6(and)-426.3(e)-0.5(mul)5.6(s)-0.4(i)5.6(o)0.5(n)-419.4(p)0.5(r)5.5(o)0.5(cesses)-406.5(l)5.6(i)5.6(e)-0.5(s)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(in)-466.3(th)-5.1(e)-460.3(s)-6(ite)-460.3(o)-5.1(f)-461.2(th)-5.1(e)-460.3(p)-5.1(o)-5.1(l)0(y)-5.1(m)-2.4(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(iz)-6.1(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-5.1(,)-447.9(s)-6(i)0(n)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-453.5(i)0(n)-5.1(itia)-6.1(to)-5.1(rs)-474(in)-5.1(s)-6(o)-5.1(lu)-5.1(b)-5.1(l)0(e)-453.5(i)0(n)-466.3(w)-3.4(a)-6.1(t)0(e)-6.1(r)-454.3(a)-6.1(r)-0.1(e)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(used)-289.1(i)5.1(n)-296(t)5.1(h)0(e)-296.9(s)-0.9(uspensi)5.1(o)0(n)-275.4(p)0(rocess.)-277.6(Suspensi)5.1(ons)-276.2(are)-296.9(p)0(roduced)-282.2(by)-296(vi)5.1(gorous)-283.1(and)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD [(cont)5.2(i)5.2(nuous)-358.7(agi)5.2(t)5.2(a)-0.9(t)5.2(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-364.7(o)0.1(f)-366.5(t)5.2(he)-372.5(monomer)-359.7(and)-364.7(s)-0.8(ol)5.2(vent)-359.6(phases.)-353.2(The)-365.7(s)-0.8(i)5.2(z)-0.9(e)-365.7(o)0.1(f)-366.5(t)5.2(he)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(drop)-427.1(wi)4.8(l)4.8(l)-428.8(be)-428(det)4.8(e)-1.3(rmi)4.8(n)-0.3(ed)-420.2(by)-427.1(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-428(r)4.7(at)4.8(e)-434.9(o)-0.3(f)-422(a)-1.3(gi)4.8(t)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(i)4.8(on,)-422.4(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-434.9(i)4.8(nt)4.8(erfaci)4.8(al)-421.9(t)4.8(e)-1.3(nsi)4.8(on,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-472.9(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-473.8(p)-4.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(c)-5.8(e)-460(o)-4.8(f)-474.7(imp)-4.8(u)-4.8(r)0.2(itie)-5.8(s)-480.6(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-466(min)-4.8(o)-4.8(r)-474.7(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(s)-5.7(titu)-4.8(e)-5.8(n)-4.8(ts)-466.9(o)-4.8(f)-474.7(th)-4.8(e)-473.8(r)0.2(e)-5.8(c)-5.8(i)0.3(p)-4.8(e)-5.8(.)-468.2(I)0.2(f)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(agi)4.9(t)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(o)-0.2(n)-275.6(i)4.9(s)-276.4(s)-1.1(t)4.9(opped,)-264(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-276.5(d)-0.2(ropl)4.9(et)4.9(s)-276.4(c)-1.2(oal)4.9(e)-1.2(sce)-262.7(i)4.9(nt)4.9(o)-275.6(a)-276.5(monomer)-270.5(l)4.9(a)-1.2(yer.)-270.9(The)-269.6(w)1.5(at)4.9(er)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(serves)-331.7(as)-338.6(a)-345.5(d)-0.4(i)4.7(s)-1.3(persi)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-330.8(m)2.3(edi)4.7(u)-0.4(m)-341.9(a)-1.4(nd)-337.7(heat)4.7(-t)4.7(ransfer)-332.6(a)-1.4(gent)-332.6(t)4.7(o)-344.6(remove)-331.8(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-345.5(h)-0.4(eat)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0013 Tc [(of)-305.8(polymerization.)-299.3(The)-304.9(p)-1.1(rocess)-298(a)-2.1(nd)]TJ 14.6809 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(resulting)-310.5(p)-0.7(roduct)-298.5(can)-296.7(be)-311.4(inuenced)-289.8(by)]TJ -14.6809 -1.1494 TD -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-336.5(a)-6.1(d)-5.1(d)-5.1(itio)-5.1(n)-335.5(o)-5.1(f)-330.4(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(llo)-5.1(id)-5.1(a)-6.1(l)-330.4(s)-6(u)-5.1(s)-6(p)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-5.1(i)0(n)-5.1(g)-314.9(a)-6.1(g)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(ts)-6(,)-324(t)0(h)-5.1(i)0(c)-6.1(k)-5.1(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(r)-0.1(s)-6(,)-324(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-328.6(s)-6(a)-6.1(lts)-6(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.0993 TD 0.0015 Tc [(Pr)18.8(oduct)-319.4(G)1.8(r)18.8(o)-0.9(upings)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.4316 TD 0.0019 Tc [(The)-414.4(p)-0.5(ri)4.6(nci)4.6(p)-0.5(al)-422.1(acryl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-414.4(pl)4.6(ast)4.6(i)4.6(c)-1.5(s)-421.3(a)-1.5(re)-421.3(cast)-408.4(s)-1.4(heet)4.6(,)-415.7(m)2.2(ol)4.6(di)4.6(ng)-420.4(powder,)-408.8(and)-413.5(h)-0.5(i)4.6(gh-)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(i)5.4(m)3(pact)-421.3(mol)5.4(d)0.3(i)5.4(n)0.3(g)-426.5(powder)5.3(.)-421.8(The)-420.5(cast)-421.3(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(i)5.4(c)-420.5(sheet)-421.3(i)5.4(s)-427.3(f)5.3(o)0.3(r)5.3(m)3(abl)5.4(e)-0.7(,)-421.8(t)5.4(r)5.3(a)-0.7(nspar)5.3(e)-0.7(nt)5.4(,)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(st)5(abl)5(e)-1.1(,)-263.9(a)-1.1(nd)-268.6(st)5(rong.)-270.8(Represent)5(a)-1.1(t)5(i)5(v)-0.1(e)-262.6(u)-0.1(ses)-262.6(i)]TJ 16.0987 0 TD 0.0021 Tc [(ncl)4.8(ude)-269.7(archi)4.8(t)4.8(ect)4.8(ural)-263.6(panel)4.8(s)-1.2(,)-264.1(a)-1.3(i)4.8(r)4.7(craft)]TJ -16.0987 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(gl)5.2(azi)5.2(ng,)-614.7(skyl)5.2(i)5.2(ght)5.2(s,)-614.7(l)5.2(i)5.2(ght)5.2(ed)-619.4(out)5.2(door)-607.4(si)5.2(gns,)-614.7(m)2.8(odel)5.2(s)-0.8(,)-614.7(p)0.1(roduct)-607.4(p)0.1(rot)5.2(o)0.1(t)5.2(ypes,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0012 Tc [(and)-586.3(novelties.)-581.6(Molding)-593.2(powders)-580.3(are)-594.1(u)-1.2(sed)-579.4(i)3.9(n)-593.2(t)3.9(he)-594.1(mass)-580.3(production)-586.3(o)-1.2(f)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0024 Tc [(numerous)-586(i)5.1(n)0(t)5.1(r)5(i)5.1(cat)5.1(e)-599.8(s)-0.9(hapes,)-580.4(such)-585.1(as)-592.8(aut)5.1(o)0(mot)5.1(i)5.1(v)0(e)-592.9(l)5.1(i)5.1(ght)5.1(s,)-594.2(l)5.1(i)5.1(ght)5.1(i)5.1(n)0(g)-598.8()0.9(xt)5.1(ure)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(l)4.8(e)-1.3(nses,)-491.2(a)-1.3(nd)-495.9(i)4.8(n)-0.3(st)4.8(rument)-490.8(di)4.8(al)4.8(s)-503.7(a)-1.3(nd)-495.9(cont)4.8(rol)-497.7(p)-0.3(anel)4.8(s)-489.9(f)4.7(or)-504.6(aut)4.8(o)-0.3(s,)-491.2(ai)4.8(rcraft)4.8(,)-505(a)-1.3(nd)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(appl)5(i)5(a)-1.1(nces.)-415.3(T)0.7(he)-427.8(hi)5(gh-i)5(m)2.6(pact)-428.6(acryl)5(i)5(c)-427.8(mol)5(d)-0.1(i)5(n)-0.1(g)-433.8(powder)-421.8(y)-0.1(i)5(e)-1.1(l)5(d)-0.1(s)-427.8(a)-434.7(somewhat)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0025 Tc [(l)5.2(e)-0.9(ss)-723.5(t)5.2(r)5.1(ansparent)-710.6(p)0.1(roduct)5.2(,)-718(but)-717.5(possesses)-696(unusual)-710.6(t)5.2(oughness)-709.7(for)-724.5(s)-0.8(uch)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(applications)-359.5(as)-366.4(toys,)-360.9(business)-352.6(m)2(ach)]TJ 14.6258 0 TD 0.001 Tc [(ine)-360.3(c)-2.4(omponents,)-354.7(blow-molded)-359.3(bottles,)]TJ -14.6258 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(and)-269.2(out)4.4(board)-269.2(mot)4.4(o)-0.7(r)-271(s)-1.6(hrouds.)-257.6(T)0.1(he)-270.1(vari)4.4(ous)-270(acryl)4.4(i)4.4(c)-277(resi)4.4(ns)-270(nd)-269.2(numerous)-263.2(uses)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(as)-434.7(previ)4.9(ousl)4.9(y)-427(ment)4.9(i)4.9(oned,)-429.2(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-440.7(vari)4.9(ed)-433.9(and)-433.9(w)1.5(i)4.9(d)-0.2(e)-434.8(u)-0.2(se)-434.8(i)4.9(n)-440.7(coat)4.9(i)4.9(ngs.)-422.3(A)1.5(cryl)4.9(i)4.9(c)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0016 Tc [(l)4.3(a)-1.8(t)4.3(e)-1.8(xes)-483.5(a)-1.8(re)-490.5(composed)-475.8(mai)4.3(n)-0.8(l)4.3(y)-489.5(of)-491.3(monomers)-483.5(o)-0.8(f)-484.4(t)4.3(he)-497.3(acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-490.5(fami)4.3(l)4.3(y)-0.8(,)-491.7(s)-1.7(uch)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0027 Tc [(as)-406.7(met)5.4(hyl)-407.6(met)5.4(h)0.3(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-401.2(but)5.4(yl)-407.6(met)5.4(h)0.3(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-401.2(met)5.4(hyl)-407.6(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-401.2(and)-412.7(2)0.3(-)5.3(e)-0.7(t)5.4(hyl)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(hexyl)5(acryl)5(at)5(e.)-353.4(Addi)5(t)5(i)5(onal)-366.7(m)2.6(onomers,)-360.3(su)]TJ 16.4015 0 TD 0.0025 Tc [(ch)-357.8(as)-372.5(st)5.2(yrene)-365.7(o)0.1(r)-366.5(acryl)5.2(oni)5.2(t)5.2(r)5.1(i)5.2(l)5.2(e)-0.9(,)-373.8(can)]TJ -16.4015 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(be)-331.9(pol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zed)-330.9(wi)4.6(t)4.6(h)-337.8(acry)]TJ 10.4617 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(l)4.3(i)4.3(c)-339(monomers.)-326.6(Acryl)4.3(i)4.3(c)-339(l)4.3(a)-1.8(t)4.3(e)-1.8(xes)-325.2(v)-0.8(ary)-338.1(c)-1.8(onsi)4.3(d)-0.8(erabl)4.3(y)]TJ -10.4617 -1.1494 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(n)-468.5(t)4.7(h)-0.4(ei)4.7(r)-470.3(p)-0.4(ropert)4.7(i)4.7(e)-1.4(s,)-456.9(mai)4.7(n)-0.4(l)4.7(y)-468.5(af)25.3(fect)]TJ 13.7724 0 TD [(ed)-468.5(by)-461.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-469.4(m)2.3(onomers)-462.5(u)-0.4(sed,)-456.9(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-462.5(p)-0.4(art)4.7(i)4.7(c)-1.4(l)4.7(e)]TJ -13.7724 -1.1426 TD -0.0024 Tc [(s)-5.7(i)0.3(z)-5.8(e)-5.8(,)-509.5(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-514.2(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-515.1(s)-5.7(u)-4.8(rfa)-5.8(c)-5.8(t)0.3(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(t)-509(s)-5.7(y)-4.8(s)-5.7(te)-5.8(m)-504.6(o)-4.8(f)-516(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-522(la)-5.8(te)-5.8(x)-4.8(.)-509.5(Ge)-5.8(n)-4.8(e)-5.8(ra)-5.8(lly)-4.8(,)-509.5(a)-5.8(c)-5.8(r)0.2(y)-4.8(lic)-522(la)-5.8(te)-5.8(x)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(are)-483.1(c)-1.3(ured)-482.1(by)-482.1(l)4.8(o)-0.3(ss)-483(of)-477.1(wat)4.8(e)-1.3(r)-484(onl)4.8(y,)-477.5(do)-482.1(not)-483.9(yel)4.8(l)4.8(o)-0.3(w,)-477.5(possess)-469.2(good)-475.3(ext)4.8(e)-1.3(ri)4.8(or)]TJ T* 0.0009 Tc [(durability,)-230.9(a)-2.5(re)-229.6(tough,)-224(and)-228.7(u)-1.5(sually)-221.8(have)-222.7(good)]TJ 17.7299 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(abrasion)-221.5(resistance.)-216.8(The)-229.3(acrylic)]TJ -17.7299 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(pol)4.6(ymers)-386.9(a)-1.5(re)-393.8(reasonabl)4.6(y)-379.1(c)-1.5(ost)4.6(l)4.6(y)-386(and)-386(s)-1.4(ome)-393.8(l)4.6(at)4.6(exes)-380(do)-392.9(not)-387.7(have)-386.9(very)-392.9(good)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0025 Tc [(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(lo)-4.9(r)-406(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(m)-2.2(p)-4.9(a)-5.9(tib)-4.9(ility)-4.9(.)-406.4(A)-3.2(c)-5.9(r)0.1(y)-4.9(lic)-412(la)-5.9(te)-5.9(x)-404.1(p)-4.9(a)-5.9(i)0.2(n)-4.9(t)0.2(s)-411.9(c)-5.9(a)-5.9(n)-397.3(b)-4.9(e)-412(u)-4.9(s)-5.8(e)-5.9(d)-397.3(fo)-4.9(r)-412.8(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(n)-4.9(c)-5.9(re)-5.9(te)-398.2(o)-4.9(o)-4.9(r)0.1(s)-5.8(,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(i)5.4(n)0.3(t)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(i)5.4(or)-359.5(at)-352.5(a)-0.7(nd)-350.8(semi)5.4(gl)5.4(oss)-344.8()1.2(ni)5.4(shes,)-346.1(a)-0.7(nd)-350.8(ext)5.4(e)-0.7(r)5.3(i)5.4(or)-352.6(sur)5.3(f)5.3(aces.)-339.2(S)1.2(ee)-351.7(al)5.4(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 27.6204 0 TD -0.0004 Tc (Paints)Tj -27.6204 -1.1494 TD 0.0016 Tc [(and)-330.3(C)0.9(oati)4.3(n)0.1(gs)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.7333 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj -4.5908 -1.1494 TD 0.0023 Tc [(A)-452.6(d)-0.1(evel)5(opi)5(ng)-440.6(and)-440.6(pot)5(ent)5(i)5(a)-1.1(l)5(l)5(y)-454.4(l)5(a)-1.1(r)25.6(g)-0.1(e)-455.3(vol)5(ume)-448.5(u)-0.1(se)-441.6(for)-456.2(acryl)5(i)5(c)-1.1(s)-448.4(i)5(s)-455.3(i)5(n)-454.4(t)5(he)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0024 Tc [(vi)5.1(deo,)-263.8(audi)5.1(o,)-263.8(and)-268.5(d)0(at)5.1(a-st)5.1(orage)-255.6(d)0(i)5.1(s)-0.9(k)-268.5(m)]TJ 15.0869 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(arket)4.9(s)-1.1(.)-270.9(T)0.6(he)-262.7(propert)4.9(i)4.9(e)-1.2(s,)-264(as)-269.5(wel)4.9(l)-270.4(as)-269.5(ease)]TJ -15.0869 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(of)-311.9(fabri)4.8(cat)4.8(i)4.8(on,)-312.3(have)-311(made)-311(acryl)4.8(i)4.8(c)-1.3(s)-310.9(a)-317.9(pri)4.8(m)2.4(ary)-316.9(c)-1.3(hoi)4.8(ce)-304.1(for)-318.8(t)4.8(hese)-311(appl)4.8(i)4.8(cat)4.8(i)4.8(ons.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 10.9231 -1.9823 TD 0.0012 Tc [(Addi)3.9(ti)3.9(onal)-326.5(Readi)3.9(n)-0.3(g)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 28.8 68.7751 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(Harper,)-333.9(C)-2.4(.:)-321.5(Modern)-324.8(P)-4.6(l)-2.9(astics)-311.5(H)-1.8(andbook,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 17.3449 0 TD [(Modern)-293.7(P)-4(l)-2.9(astics)-272.6(M)0.4(agazine)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.825 0 TD 0.0008 Tc [(,)-332(M)3.9(cGraw-Hill)]TJ -27.1675 -1.1656 TD -0.0011 Tc [(Companies,)-341.7(Inc.,)-333.9(N)-1.8(ew)-336(Y)99.2(o)1.6(rk,)-341.7(NY,)-333.9(1999.)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 35.2569 92.2104 TD -0.0009 Tc [(Modern)-262.5(P)-3.8(l)-2.7(astics)-256.9(E)-3.8(ncyclopedia)-270.2(97/E)-3.8(d)1.8(ition,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 17.3139 0 TD -0.0007 Tc [(P)-4.2(r)-1.9(ice)-287.2(S)-4.2(tern)-285.6(S)-4.2(l)-2.5(oan,)-286.9(Inc.,)-294.7(L)-3.6(os)-295.6(Angeles,)-294.7(CA,)]TJ -16.3114 -1.1656 TD -0.0027 Tc (1997.)Tj -1.0025 -1.1579 TD -0.0011 Tc [(P)-4.6(lastics)-466.9(H)-1.8(andbook,)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 9.3097 0 TD [(Modern)-433.6(P)-4(l)-2.9(astics)-420.3(M)0.4(agazine)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.1126 0 TD -0.0001 Tc [(,)-488.3(M)3(cGraw-Hill)-475.9(Companies,)-480.6(New)]TJ -19.4198 -1.1656 TD -0.0013 Tc [(Y)99(o)1.4(rk,)-334.1(NY,)-334.1(1994.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 410.58 728.955 Tm 0.0032 Tc [(W)60.3(e)-0.2(b)-328.7(R)2.5(ef)5.8(er)20.5(ences)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 7.721 0 0 7.721 308.76 714.915 Tm -0.0001 Tc [(http://www.socplas.or)14.3(g/)-662.4(SPI)-654(The)-659.6(S)-3.6(ociety)]TJ 18.2231 0 TD -0.0003 Tc [(of)-662(the)-659.8(P)-3.8(lastics)-652.6(I)-1.5(ndustry/The)-667.6(P)-3.8(lastics)]TJ -17.2206 -1.1579 TD -0.0007 Tc [(Industry)-332.2(T)35.2(rade)-341.6(Association.)]TJ -1.0025 -1.1656 TD -0.0003 Tc [(http://www.4spe.or)14.1(g)2.4(/)-336.2(S)-3.8(ociety)-331.8(of)-335.6(Plastics)-326.2(E)-3.2(ngineers.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 676.9351 Tm 0.001 Tc [(ACR)34.7(YLONITRILE.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.7666 0 TD 0.0015 Tc [([CAS:)-312.4(107-13-1].)-299.1(T)68.8(oday)-296.9(over)-305.6(90%)-301.2(of)-305.6(t)4.2(h)-0.9(e)-311.6(a)-1.9(pproxi)4.2(-)]TJ -9.7666 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(mat)4.6(e)-1.5(l)4.6(y)-220.8(4,000,000)-213.9(met)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(c)-228.6(t)4.6(ons)-221.7(of)-222.6(acryl)4.6(oni)4.6(t)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(l)4.6(e)-228.6(\(al)4.6(s)-1.4(o)-227.7(cal)4.6(l)4.6(e)-1.5(d)-213.9(acryl)4.6(i)4.6(c)-228.6(aci)4.6(d)-220.8(n)-0.5(i)4.6(t)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(l)4.6(e)-1.5(,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0021 Tc [(propyl)4.8(ene)-207.8(n)-0.3(i)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(l)4.8(e)-1.3(,)-229.7(v)-0.3(i)4.8(nyl)-215.5(cyani)4.8(d)-0.3(e,)-209(and)-213.7(p)-0.3(ropenoi)4.8(c)-214.6(aci)4.8(d)-220.6(n)-0.3(i)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(l)4.8(e)-1.3(\))-229.3(p)-0.3(roduced)-206.8(worl)4.8(d-)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0025 Tc [(wi)5.2(de)-310.6(each)-309.7(year)-304.6(use)-310.6(t)5.2(he)-317.5(Sohi)5.2(o-)5.1(devel)5.2(oped)-289(a)-0.9(mmoxi)5.2(dat)5.2(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-309.7(p)0.1(r)5.1(o)0.1(cess.)-298.1(Acr)5.1(y)0.1(l)5.2(oni)5.2(-)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(trile)-260.7(is)-253.8(a)-6.1(m)-2.4(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(g)-239.2(th)-5.1(e)-247(t)0(o)-5.1(p)-252.9(5)-5.1(0)-246(c)-6.1(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(m)-2.4(ic)-6.1(a)-6.1(l)0(s)-240(p)-5.1(ro)-5.1(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(c)-6.1(e)-6.1(d)-232.3(in)-252.9(th)-5.1(e)-253.9(U)-3.4(n)-5.1(ite)-6.1(d)-246(S)-4.2(ta)-6.1(te)-6.1(s)-246.9(a)-6.1(s)-246.9(a)-247(re)-6.1(s)-6(u)-5.1(lt)]TJ T* 0.0018 Tc [(of)-305.3(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-311.3(t)4.5(remendous)-297.5(growt)4.5(h)-303.5(i)4.5(n)-317.2(i)4.5(t)4.5(s)-311.2(use)-304.4(a)-1.6(s)-304.4(a)-304.4(s)-1.5(t)4.5(a)-1.6(rt)4.5(i)4.5(n)-0.6(g)-310.4(m)2.1(at)4.5(eri)4.5(a)-1.6(l)-312.1(f)4.4(or)-305.3(a)-311.3(w)1.1(i)4.5(d)-0.6(e)-304.4(r)4.4(ange)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(of)-297.8(chemi)5.1(cal)-290.9(and)-289.1(pol)5.1(ymer)-297.8(product)5.1(s)-0.9(.)-291.3(A)1.7(cr)]TJ 15.9335 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(yl)5(i)5(c)-297(bers)-297(r)4.9(emai)5(n)-303(t)5(he)-297(l)5(a)-1.1(r)25.6(g)-0.1(est)-297.9(u)-0.1(se)-297(of)]TJ -15.9335 -1.1426 TD -0.0023 Tc [(a)-5.7(c)-5.7(r)0.3(y)-4.7(l)0.4(o)-4.7(n)-4.7(itrile)-5.7(;)-330(o)-4.7(th)-4.7(e)-5.7(r)-330(s)-5.6(i)0.4(g)-4.7(n)-4.7(i)0.4(c)-5.7(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(t)-316.2(u)-4.7(s)-5.6(e)-5.7(s)-322.2(a)-5.7(re)-329.2(in)-335.1(re)-5.7(s)-5.6(i)0.4(n)-4.7(s)-329.1(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)-321.3(n)-4.7(itrile)-342.9(e)-5.7(l)0.4(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(to)-4.7(me)-5.7(rs)-322.2(a)-5.7(n)-4.7(d)]TJ T* 0.0021 Tc [(as)-324.7(an)-330.7(i)4.8(n)-0.3(t)4.8(e)-1.3(rmedi)4.8(a)-1.3(t)4.8(e)-331.7(i)4.8(n)-330.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-331.7(p)-0.3(roduct)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-323.8(o)-0.3(f)-325.6(a)-1.3(di)4.8(poni)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(l)4.8(e)-338.5(and)-323.8(acryl)4.8(ami)4.8(d)-0.3(e.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.1887 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Physi)4.6(c)-1.5(al)-318.9(Pr)19.2(operti)4.6(e)-1.5(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3766 TD -0.0021 Tc [(Ac)-5.5(ry)-4.5(lo)-4.5(n)-4.5(itrile)-260.1(\(C)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 364.68 564.795 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 368.22 566.1151 Tm (H)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 374.52 564.795 Tm (3)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 378.06 566.1151 Tm 0.0009 Tc [(N,)-251.5(mol)-244.2(w)0.2(t)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 4.3086 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD 0.0024 Tc (53)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0049 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2753 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(064\))-235.7(i)5.3(s)-248.5(an)-240.7(unsat)5.3(urat)5.3(ed)-240.7(mol)5.3(ecul)5.3(e)-241.7(havi)5.3(ng)]TJ -14.5984 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(a)-297.3(carbon)-89.9()-89.9(carbon)-282.6(doubl)4.7(e)-290.5(bond)-296.4(conj)4.7(ugat)4.7(e)-1.4(d)-289.5(w)1.3(i)4.7(t)4.7(h)-303.3(a)-304.2(n)-0.4(i)4.7(t)4.7(r)4.6(i)4.7(l)4.7(e)-311.1(group.)-291.7(It)-305(i)4.7(s)-304.2(a)-297.3(pol)4.7(ar)]TJ T* 0.0027 Tc [(mol)5.4(ecul)5.4(e)-468.7(because)-461.8(of)-476.5(t)5.4(h)0.3(e)-482.5(p)0.3(r)5.3(e)-0.7(sence)-461.8(o)0.3(f)-476.5(t)5.4(he)-482.5(ni)5.4(t)5.4(r)5.3(ogen)-474.7(h)0.3(et)5.4(er)5.3(oat)5.4(o)0.3(m.)-470(T)70(a)-0.7(bl)5.4(es)-317.2(1)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(and)-323.9(2)-661.2(l)4.7(i)4.7(s)-1.3(t)-662.9(s)-1.3(ome)-662.1(physi)4.7(cal)-642.3(propert)4.7(i)4.7(e)]TJ 15.2109 0 TD 0.0013 Tc 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[(and)-454.2(c)-0.9(hemi)5.2(cal)-449.1(resi)5.2(st)5.2(ance,)-442.7(and)-461.1(a)-0.9(dapt)-449.1(easi)5.2(l)5.2(y)-454.2(t)5.2(o)-461.1(convent)5.2(i)5.2(onal)-442.2(t)5.2(hermopl)5.2(ast)5.2(i)5.2(c)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0023 Tc [(fabri)5(cat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-330.5(t)5(echni)5(ques.)]TJ 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 28.8 244.7551 Tm 0.0003 Tc [(T)84.3(A)-0.4(BLE)-337.2(1)3.4(.)-502.5(P)-0.8(ROPER)57.5(T)1.5(IES)-693.4(O)-0.4(F)-693.4(I)2.1(NJECTION-MOLDED)-700.5(COMMERCIAL)-691.1(SAN)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD (RESINS)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 56.28 238.6951 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 28.794 230.9011 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 28.8 210.5551 Tm -0.0011 Tc (Property)Tj 19.7915 1.1292 TD -0.0015 Tc [(Mons)-4(anto)]TJ -0.1957 -1.1292 TD -0.0019 Tc [(Lus)-4.4(t)-2.4(ran-35)-3115.4(Dow)-333.8(T)67.1(yril-880)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -0.54 28.794 205.0411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 28.8 193.8151 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(tens)-3.6(ile)-332.5(s)-3.6(t)-1.6(rength,)-345.8(MPa)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 97.68 196.6951 Tm 0 Tc (b)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 195.54 193.8151 Tm -0.0026 Tc [(79.4)-6571.5(82.1)]TJ -20.9207 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(ultimate)-340.2(e)-1.5(longation,)-346(%)-11921(3)1.8(.0)-7067.1(3.0)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0015 Tc [(Izod)-337.1(impact)-340.8(s)-4(t)-2(rength,)-346.2(J)-4(/)-2(m)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 111.84 178.7551 Tm 0 Tc (c)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 195.54 175.8751 Tm -0.0026 Tc [(24.0)-6571.5(26.7)]TJ -20.9207 -1.1292 TD -0.0017 Tc [(hardnes)-4.2(s)-94.5()-93.3(R)-4.7(ockwell)-341(M)-11556.7(83)-7323.4(80)]TJ 0 -1.1518 TD -0.0013 Tc [(coef)15.5(cient)-340.6(of)-338.3(linear)-330.8(thermal)-340.6(e)-1.5(xpans)-3.8(ion,)]TJ 1.0012 -1.1217 TD -0.0006 Tc (cm/\(cm)Tj /F5 1 Tf 3.0489 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 63.3 152.4151 Tm ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 66.6 148.7551 Tm 0.003 Tc (C\))Tj 14.8154 1.1217 TD 0 Tc (6)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.4969 0 TD (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2785 0 TD (8)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.7227 0 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0088 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (10)Tj /F5 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 212.58 160.6351 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7852 0 TD (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 250.98 157.6951 Tm (6)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.4969 0 TD (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2785 0 TD (6)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.7227 0 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0012 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (10)Tj /F5 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 278.82 160.6351 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7852 0 TD (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 28.8 139.8151 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(ammability,)-345.6(c)-1.1(m/min)-20730.2(2)2.2(.0)]TJ 0 -1.1518 TD -0.0001 Tc [(specic)-331.5(heat,)-337.3(J)-2.6(/\(g)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 7.1367 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.2785 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (K\))Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 96.3 133.515 Tm 0 Tc (d)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 263.76 130.6351 Tm -0.0024 Tc (1.3)Tj -29.4802 -1.1292 TD -0.0011 Tc [(dielectric)-340(c)-1.3(ons)-3.6(tant,)-338.3(k)2(Hz)-332.5(\(MHz\))-15168.5(3)2(.18)-344.3(\()0.7(3.02\))]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0019 Tc [(water)-331.4(a)-2.1(bs)-4.4(orption,)-354.2(%)-335.8(i)-2.4(n)-330(2)1.2(4)-337.5(h)-9454.1(0.25)-6570.8(0.35)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0013 Tc [(s)-3.8(p)1.8(ecic)-332.7(gravity)-14708.1(1.07)-6570.2(1.08)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 28.794 97.2811 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.8 89.355 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 32.16 86.6551 Tm -0.0024 Tc [(Dat)-5.5(a)-329.3(t)-5.5(a)-0.1(ken)-345.6(from)-340.6(M)-4.7(onsant)-5.5(o)-345.6(and)-337.5(D)-3.1(ow)-340.4(product)-350.7(d)-0.3(at)-5.5(a)-337.3(s)1.2(heet)-5.5(s.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.8 80.4151 Tm 0 Tc (b)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 32.04 77.7151 Tm -0.001 Tc [(T)72(o)-336.1(convert)-349.3(MPa)-335.9(t)-4.1(o)-328.1(p)1.1(si)-341.3(multiply)-320.1(by)-336.1(145.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.8 71.4151 Tm 0 Tc (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 31.74 68.7151 Tm -0.0025 Tc [(T)70.5(o)-337.6(convert)-350.8(J/)-5.6(m)-332.7(t)-5.6(o)-337.6(f)1.3(t)-5.6(l)-5.6(b)-0.4(/)-5.6(i)-5.6(n)-0.4(.)-330.7(d)-0.4(i)-5.6(v)-0.4(i)-5.6(d)-0.4(e)-337.4(b)-0.4(y)-337.6(53.39.)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 28.8 62.4751 Tm 0 Tc (d)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 32.28 59.7751 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(T)70.8(o)-345.4(convert)-350.5(J)-335.9(t)-5.3(o)-329.3(cal)-342.5(di)-5.3(vi)-5.3(de)-329.1(by)-337.3(4.184.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 416.46 794.655 Tm 0.0006 Tc [(ACR)33.4(YLONITRILE)-329.4(POL)92.1(Y)-0.1(MERS)-1999.6(21)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 318.72 771.135 Tm 0.0015 Tc [(SAN)-240.1(pol)4.2(ymers)-235.8(a)-1.9(re)-242.8(random)-232.3(l)4.2(i)4.2(n)-0.9(ear)-243.6(amor)]TJ 15.555 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(phous)-228.2(copol)4.9(ymers.)-222.7(Physi)4.9(cal)-229.1(prop-)]TJ -16.6975 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(ert)4.8(i)4.8(e)-1.3(s)-359.1(a)-1.3(re)-359.2(dependent)-339.3(on)-358.2(mol)4.8(ecul)4.8(a)-1.3(r)-353.2(w)1.4(ei)4.8(ght)-353.1(and)-358.2(t)4.8(he)-359.2(percent)4.8(a)-1.3(ge)-345.4(of)-360.1(acryl)4.8(oni)4.8(-)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD [(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(l)4.8(e)-1.3(.)-284.8(A)1.4(n)-275.6(i)4.8(ncrease)-262.8(o)-0.3(f)-277.5(e)-1.3(i)4.8(t)4.8(h)-0.3(er)-270.6(general)4.8(l)4.8(y)-275.7(i)4.8(m)2.3(proves)-269.6(physi)4.8(cal)-263.6(propert)4.8(i)4.8(e)-1.3(s,)-271(but)-270.5(may)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD -0.0023 Tc [(c)-5.7(a)-5.7(u)-4.7(s)-5.6(e)-253.5(a)-267.2(l)0.4(o)-4.7(s)-5.6(s)-267.2(o)-4.7(f)-268.1(p)-4.7(ro)-4.7(c)-5.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(i)0.4(b)-4.7(ility)-266.3(o)-4.7(r)-261.2(a)-5.7(n)-266.3(in)-4.7(c)-5.7(r)0.3(e)-5.7(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(e)-260.3(i)0.4(n)-273.2(y)-4.7(e)-5.7(llo)-4.7(wn)-4.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(.)-247.9(V)107.1(a)-5.7(rio)-4.7(u)-4.7(s)-267.2(p)-4.7(r)0.3(o)-4.7(c)-5.7(e)-5.7(s)-5.6(s)-5.6(-)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(i)4.9(n)-0.2(g)-344.4(a)-1.2(i)4.9(d)-0.2(s)-338.4(a)-1.2(nd)-337.5(modi)4.9(ers)-338.4(can)-337.5(be)-338.4(used)-330.6(t)4.9(o)-344.4(achi)4.9(e)-1.2(ve)-331.6(a)-345.3(s)-1.1(peci)4.9(c)-331.6(set)-339.2(o)-0.2(f)-339.3(p)-0.2(ropert)4.9(i)4.9(e)-1.2(s.)]TJ T* [(Modi)4.9(ers)-359(may)-365(i)4.9(ncl)4.9(ude)-359.1(mol)4.9(d)-371.9(rel)4.9(ease)-359.1(a)-1.2(gent)4.9(s,)-353.5(uv)-358.1(st)4.9(abi)4.9(l)4.9(i)4.9(zers,)-360.4(ant)4.9(i)4.9(s)-1.1(t)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(c)-372.8(ai)4.9(ds,)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(el)4.6(ast)4.6(o)-0.5(mers,)-285()0.4(ow)-294.7(and)-296.5(p)-0.5(rocessi)4.6(ng)-282.7(ai)4.6(ds,)-291.8(a)-1.5(nd)-296.5(rei)4.6(n)-0.5(forci)4.6(n)-0.5(g)-296.5(a)-1.5(gent)4.6(s)-290.5(s)-1.4(uch)-289.6(a)-1.5(s)-297.4()0.4(l)4.6(l)4.6(e)-1.5(rs)]TJ T* [(and)-324()0.4(bers.)-326.3(S)0.4(ome)-325(t)4.6(ypi)4.6(cal)-325.8(physi)4.6(cal)-318.9(propert)4.6(i)4.6(e)-1.5(s)-324.9(a)-1.5(re)-331.9(l)4.6(i)4.6(s)-1.4(t)4.6(e)-1.5(d)-330.9(i)4.6(n)-337.8(T)69.2(abl)4.6(e)-325(1)6.3(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4503 TD 0.0014 Tc [(SAN)-329.7(C)0.7(hemi)4.1(cal)-319.4(P)-0.2(r)18.7(o)-1(perti)4.1(e)-2(s)-325.4(a)-1(nd)-323.6(Anal)4.1(yti)4.1(c)-2(al)-326.3(Methods)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0028 Tc [(SAN)-362.7(r)5.4(esi)5.5(n)0.4(s)-358.4(s)-0.5(how)-355.8(consi)5.5(d)0.4(er)5.4(abl)5.5(e)-351.6(r)5.4(e)-0.6(si)5.5(st)5.5(ance)-351.6(t)5.5(o)-371.3(sol)5.5(v)0.4(ent)5.5(s)-358.4(and)-357.5(a)-0.6(r)5.4(e)-365.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(sol)5.5(ubl)5.5(e)-358.5(i)5.5(n)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc [(carbon)-482(t)4.9(e)-1.2(t)4.9(r)4.8(achl)4.9(o)-0.2(ri)4.9(de,)-484.3(e)-1.2(t)4.9(hyl)-490.7(al)4.9(cohol)4.9(,)-477.4(g)-0.2(asol)4.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(e,)-484.3(and)-482(hydrocarbon)-475.2(sol)4.9(v)-0.2(ent)4.9(s)-1.1(.)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(They)-399.2(are)-400.2(s)-0.9(wel)5.1(l)5.1(e)-1(d)-399.2(b)0(y)-406.1(s)-0.9(ol)5.1(vent)5.1(s)-400.1(s)-0.9(uch)-392.4(a)-1(s)-400.1(b)0(enzene,)-387.7(et)5.1(her,)-401.5(and)-399.2(t)5.1(ol)5.1(uene.)-394.6(P)0.9(ol)5.1(ar)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0027 Tc [(sol)5.4(v)0.3(ent)5.4(s)-399.8(such)-405.8(as)-406.7(acet)5.4(one,)-401.2(c)-0.7(hl)5.4(or)5.3(of)5.3(or)5.3(m,)-408(di)5.4(oxane,)-394.3(m)3(et)5.4(hyl)-407.6(et)5.4(hyl)-407.6(ket)5.4(one,)-401.2(a)-0.7(nd)]TJ T* -0.0019 Tc [(p)-4.3(y)-4.3(r)0.7(id)-4.3(in)-4.3(e)-335.7(w)-2.6(ill)-336.5(d)-4.3(i)0.8(s)-5.2(s)-5.2(o)-4.3(lv)-4.3(e)-328.8(S)-3.4(AN.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(The)-455(p)0.2(r)5.2(oper)5.2(t)5.3(i)5.3(e)-0.8(s)-461.9(o)0.2(f)-455.9(S)1.1(AN)-459.2(ar)5.2(e)-461.9(s)-0.7(i)5.3(gni)5.3(cant)5.3(l)5.3(y)-454.1(al)5.3(t)5.3(e)-0.8(r)5.2(e)-0.8(d)-454.1(b)0.2(y)-461(w)1.9(at)5.3(er)-455.9(absor)5.2(p)0.2(t)5.3(i)5.3(on.)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0018 Tc [(Th)-4.2(e)-383.7(e)-5.2(q)-4.2(u)-4.2(ilib)-4.2(riu)-4.2(m)-380.1(wa)-5.2(te)-5.2(r)-384.6(c)-5.2(o)-4.2(n)-4.2(t)0.9(e)-5.2(n)-4.2(t)-377.7(i)0.9(n)-4.2(c)-5.2(re)-5.2(a)-5.2(s)-5.1(e)-5.2(s)-369.9(with)-389.7(te)-5.2(mp)-4.2(e)-5.2(r)0.8(a)-5.2(t)0.9(u)-4.2(r)0.8(e)-383.7(w)-2.5(h)-4.2(ile)-383.7(th)-4.2(e)-390.6(time)]TJ T* 0.0032 Tc [(r)5.8(e)-0.2(qui)5.9(r)5.8(e)-0.2(d)-260.8(d)0.8(ecr)5.8(eases.)-249.2(A)-265.9(l)5.9(a)-0.2(r)26.5(g)0.8(e)-275.5(d)0.8(ecr)5.8(ease)-248(i)5.9(n)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 15.9679 0 TD 0 Tc (T)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 452.64 597.255 Tm (g)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 458.94 598.575 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(can)-261.7(resul)5(t)5(.)-270.8(St)5(rong)-268.6(aqueous)-248.8(bases)]TJ -17.2277 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(can)-323.9(degrade)-318(S)0.5(AN)-329.1(by)-330.8(hydrol)4.7(ysi)4.7(s)-324.8(of)-325.7(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-331.8(n)-0.4(i)4.7(t)4.7(r)4.6(i)4.7(l)4.7(e)-345.5(groups.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4572 TD 0.001 Tc [(SAN)-330.1(M)2.1(anufactur)18.3(e)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Commerci)4.6(a)-1.5(l)4.6(l)4.6(y)-0.5(,)-725.5(S)0.4(AN)-728.4(i)4.6(s)-731(manufact)4.6(ured)-716.4(by)-730.1(t)4.6(h)-0.5(ree)-724.2(p)-0.5(rocesses:)-711.2(emul)4.6(si)4.6(on,)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(suspensi)5.3(on,)-304.9(and)-323.3(c)-0.8(ont)5.3(i)5.3(nuous)-324.2(bul)5.3(k.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.645 TD 0.0027 Tc [(Processi)5.4(ng)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 4.5219 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(SAN)-287.5(c)-1.1(opol)5(ymers)-283.2(m)2.6(ay)-289.2(be)-290.2(processed)-268.6(u)-0.1(si)5(ng)-289.2(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-290.2(c)-1.1(onvent)5(i)5(onal)]TJ -6.3941 -1.1425 TD [(fabri)5(cat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-722.8(m)2.6(et)5(hods)-716.8(of)-724.7(ext)5(r)4.9(usi)5(on,)-711.3(bl)5(ow)-728(mol)5(d)-0.1(i)5(ng,)-718.2(i)5(n)-0.1(j)5(ect)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-722.8(m)2.6(ol)5(di)5(ng,)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc [(t)5.3(h)0.2(er)5.2(mof)5.2(o)0.2(r)5.2(m)2.9(i)5.3(ng,)-325.6(and)-330.2(cast)5.3(i)5.3(ng.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4503 TD 0.0018 Tc [(Other)-325.1(C)1.1(opol)4.5(ymers)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0019 Tc [(Acryl)4.6(oni)4.6(t)4.6(r)4.5(i)4.6(l)4.6(e)-407.6(copol)4.6(ymeri)4.6(zes)-380(read)]TJ 13.5246 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(i)4.4(l)4.4(y)-399.9(wi)4.4(t)4.4(h)-399.9(many)-393.1(el)4.4(ect)4.4(ron-donor)-388(monomers)]TJ -13.5246 -1.1426 TD 0.0021 Tc [(ot)4.8(her)-656(t)4.8(han)-661.1(s)-1.2(t)4.8(y)-0.3(rene.)-649.5(H)1.4(undreds)-655.1(o)-0.3(f)-656(acryl)4.8(oni)4.8(t)4.8(r)4.7(i)4.8(l)4.8(e)-668.9(copol)4.8(ymers)-655.1(h)-0.3(ave)-655.1(b)-0.3(een)]TJ T* -0.0025 Tc [(re)-5.9(p)-4.9(o)-4.9(r)0.1(te)-5.9(d)-4.9(,)-371.9(a)-5.9(n)-4.9(d)-369.7(a)-377.5(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(mp)-4.9(re)-5.9(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(n)-4.9(s)-5.8(iv)-4.9(e)-356.9(lis)-5.8(tin)-4.9(g)-383.5(o)-4.9(f)-371.5(r)0.1(e)-5.9(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(tiv)-4.9(ity)-383.5(ra)-5.9(tio)-4.9(s)-377.5(f)0.1(o)-4.9(r)-378.4(a)-5.9(c)-5.9(r)0.1(y)-4.9(l)0.2(o)-4.9(n)-4.9(itrile)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(copol)5(ymeri)5(zat)5(i)5(ons)-317.6(i)5(s)-331.4(readi)5(l)5(y)-330.5(avai)5(l)5(a)-1.1(bl)5(e.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1426 TD 0.0018 Tc 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[(met)5.4(hyl)-414.5(met)5.4(h)0.3(acr)5.3(yl)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-408(vi)5.4(nyl)-414.5(acet)5.4(at)5.4(e,)-408(vi)5.4(nyl)-414.5(et)5.4(her)5.3(s)-0.6(,)-408.1(a)-0.7(nd)-412.7(vi)5.4(nyl)5.4(i)5.4(d)0.3(ene)-413.6(c)-0.7(hl)5.4(or)5.3(i)5.4(d)0.3(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(ar)5.2(e)-448.2(a)-0.8(l)5.3(s)-0.7(o)-447.2(u)0.2(sed)-447.2(i)5.3(n)-454.1(b)0.2(ar)5.2(r)5.2(i)5.3(er)-449(l)5.3(ms,)-449.4(l)5.3(ami)5.3(n)0.2(at)5.3(es,)-449.4(a)-0.8(nd)-447.2(coat)5.3(i)5.3(ngs.)-435.7(E)1(nvi)5.3(r)5.2(onment)5.3(a)-0.8(l)5.3(l)5.3(y)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0027 Tc [(degr)5.3(adabl)5.4(e)-248.5(pol)5.4(ymer)5.3(s)-255.3(u)0.3(sef)5.3(u)0.3(l)-256.2(i)5.4(n)-268.2(p)0.3(ackagi)5.4(n)0.3(g)-240.6(a)-0.7(r)5.3(e)-262.2(pr)5.3(epar)5.3(ed)-254.4(f)5.3(r)5.3(o)0.3(m)-265.5(pol)5.4(ymer)5.3(i)5.4(zat)5.4(i)5.4(o)0.3(n)]TJ T* 0.0022 Tc [(of)-325.5(acryl)4.9(oni)4.9(t)4.9(r)4.8(i)4.9(l)4.9(e)-338.4(wi)4.9(t)4.9(h)-337.5(st)4.9(yrene)-324.7(a)-1.2(nd)-323.7(met)4.9(hyl)-325.5(vi)4.9(nyl)-325.5(ket)4.9(one.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4503 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Economi)4.4(c)-325.2(Aspects)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Si)4.8(nce)-393.6(i)4.8(t)4.8(s)-414.2(i)4.8(n)-0.3(t)4.8(r)4.7(oduct)4.8(i)4.8(o)-0.3(n)-399.5(i)4.8(n)-406.4(t)4.8(he)-400.5(1950s,)-388(S)0.6(AN)-404.7(has)-393.5(s)-1.2(hown)-392.7(s)-1.2(t)4.8(eady)-392.7(g)-0.3(rowt)4.8(h.)-401.8(The)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(combi)4.6(n)-0.5(ed)-372.2(propert)4.6(i)4.6(e)-1.5(s)-373.1(o)-0.5(f)-380.9(S)0.4(AN)-384.2(copol)4.6(ymer)]TJ 16.6011 0 TD 0.0026 Tc [(s)-365.5(s)-0.7(uch)-371.5(a)-0.8(s)-379.3(opt)5.3(i)5.3(cal)-373.3(cl)5.3(ari)5.3(t)5.3(y)0.2(,)-387.5(r)5.2(i)5.3(g)0.2(i)5.3(d)0.2(i)5.3(t)5.3(y)0.2(,)]TJ -16.6011 -1.1426 TD 0.0028 Tc [(chemi)5.5(cal)-400.6(and)-405.7(h)0.4(eat)-400.6(r)5.4(e)-0.6(si)5.5(st)5.5(ance,)-394.2(hi)5.5(gh)-412.6(t)5.5(e)-0.6(nsi)5.5(l)5.5(e)-413.5(st)5.5(r)5.4(e)-0.6(ngt)5.5(h,)-401.1(and)-405.7()1.3(exi)5.5(b)0.4(l)5.5(e)-413.5(mol)5.5(d)0.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(g)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(char)5.5(act)5.6(er)5.5(i)5.6(s)-0.4(t)5.6(i)5.6(c)-0.5(s,)-545.5(al)5.6(ong)-550.2(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-563.9(r)5.5(easonabl)5.6(e)-544.2(p)0.5(r)5.5(i)5.6(ce)-558(have)-544.2(secur)5.5(e)-0.5(d)-550.2(t)5.6(hei)5.6(r)-558.9(mar)5.5(k)0.5(et)]TJ T* 0.002 Tc [(posi)4.7(t)4.7(i)4.7(on.)-229.8(The)-228.5(l)4.7(ar)25.3(gest)-222.4(port)4.7(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-234.5(o)-0.4(f)-229.4(S)0.5(AN)-232.7(\(80%)]TJ 16.9728 0 TD [(\))-229.3(i)4.8(s)-235.2(i)4.8(ncorporat)4.8(ed)-227.5(i)4.8(n)-0.3(t)4.8(o)-234.4(ABS)-233.4(r)4.7(esi)4.8(n)-0.3(s,)]TJ -16.9728 -1.1357 TD -0.0024 Tc [(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(d)-328.3(t)0.3(h)-4.8(e)-5.8(ir)-337(ma)-5.8(rk)-4.8(e)-5.8(t)0.3(s)-329.2(a)-5.8(re)-336.2(in)-4.8(e)-5.8(x)-4.8(o)-4.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(b)-4.8(ly)-328.3(jo)-4.8(in)-4.8(e)-5.8(d)-4.8(.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0015 Tc [(There)-511.2(a)-1.9(re)-511.2(t)4.2(w)0.8(o)-517.2(m)1.8(aj)4.2(or)-512.1(producers)-504.3(o)-0.9(f)-512.1(S)0(AN)-508.5(resi)4.2(n)-517.2(i)4.2(n)-517.2(t)4.2(he)-511.2(Uni)4.2(t)4.2(e)-1.9(d)-517.2(S)0(t)4.2(a)-1.9(t)4.2(e)-1.9(s,)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(Monsant)4.8(o)-385.8(Chemi)4.8(cal)-387.5(Company)-392.7(a)-1.3(nd)-392.7(The)-393.6(D)1.4(ow)-390.9(Chemi)4.8(cal)-387.5(Company,)-388(whi)4.8(c)-1.3(h)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(market)-304.7(t)5(h)-0.1(ese)-297(m)2.6(at)5(eri)5(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-310.7(under)-304.8(t)5(he)-303.9(names)-303.9(o)-0.1(f)-304.8(L)0.7(ust)5(r)4.9(an)-303(and)-303(T)69.6(yri)5(l)5(,)-339.6(respect)5(i)5(v)-0.1(el)5(y.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4503 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Heal)4.4(th)-330.2(and)-330.2(T)90.6(oxi)4.4(col)4.4(ogy)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0025 Tc [(SAN)-411.2(r)5.1(esi)5.2(n)0.1(s)-406.9(t)5.2(hemsel)5.2(ves)-400(a)-0.9(ppear)-401(t)5.2(o)-412.9(pose)-407(f)5.1(ew)-411.2(heal)5.2(t)5.2(h)-406(probl)5.2(ems)-406.9(i)5.2(n)-419.8(t)5.2(hat)-407.8(t)5.2(hey)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(have)-248.9(been)-254.8(approved)-247.9(b)-0.1(y)-254.8(t)5(he)-262.6(FDA)-259.9(f)4.9(or)-256.6(food)-261.7(packagi)5(n)-0.1(g)-241(u)-0.1(se.)-250.1(T)0.7(he)-255.7(mai)5(n)-261.7(concern)]TJ T* -0.0026 Tc [(is)-260.6(th)-5(a)-6(t)-254.6(o)-5(f)-261.5(to)-5(x)-5(i)0.1(c)-260.6(r)0(e)-6(s)-5.9(id)-5(u)-5(a)-6(ls)-5.9(,)-248.2(e)-6(.g)-5(.,)-255(a)-6(c)-6(r)0(y)-5(l)0.1(o)-5(n)-5(itrile)-6(,)-261.9(s)-5.9(ty)-5(re)-6(n)-5(e)-6(,)-248.2(o)-5(r)-254.6(o)-5(th)-5(e)-6(r)-254.6(p)-5(o)-5(l)0.1(y)-5(m)-2.3(e)-6(r)0(iz)-6(a)-6(tio)-5(n)]TJ T* 0.0015 Tc [(components)-359.7(s)-1.8(uch)-372.6(a)-1.9(s)-373.5(e)-1.9(mulsiers,)-368(stab)]TJ 15.2728 0 TD 0.0017 Tc [(ilizers,)-374.6(or)-374.2(solvents.)-367.7(E)0.1(ach)-365.5(component)]TJ -15.2728 -1.1357 TD 0.0023 Tc [(must)-325.4(be)-324.6(t)5(r)4.9(eat)5(ed)-330.5(i)5(ndi)5(vi)5(dual)5(l)5(y)-330.5(for)-332.3(t)5(oxi)5(c)-331.5(e)-1.1(f)25.6(f)4.9(ect)5(s)-331.4(a)-1.1(nd)-323.6(safe)-324.6(exposure)-317.7(l)5(evel)5(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.4572 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ABS)-330.8(R)0.4(esins)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3628 TD 0.0017 Tc [(Acryl)4.4(oni)4.4(t)4.4(r)4.3(i)4.4(l)4.4(e)-91.2()-90.2(but)4.4(adi)4.4(e)-1.7(ne)-91.2()-90.2(s)-1.6(t)4.4(y)-0.7(rene)-421.5(\(ABS\))-436.2(pol)4.4(ymers)-435.2(a)-1.7(re)-442.2(composed)-420.6(of)-443.1(el)4.4(as-)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0023 Tc [(to)-4.7(me)-5.7(r)-426.4(d)-4.7(is)-5.6(p)-4.7(e)-5.7(rs)-5.6(e)-5.7(d)-417.7(a)-5.7(s)-432.3(a)-425.5(g)-4.7(ra)-5.7(fte)-5.7(d)-431.5(p)-4.7(a)-5.7(rtic)-5.7(u)-4.7(l)0.4(a)-5.7(t)0.4(e)-432.4(p)-4.7(h)-4.7(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(e)-418.6(in)-431.5(a)-432.4(t)0.4(h)-4.7(e)-5.7(rmo)-4.7(p)-4.7(l)0.4(a)-5.7(s)-5.6(tic)-432.4(ma)-5.7(trix)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0022 Tc 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[(upus)-387.1(erythematosus,)-374.6(and)-386.2(s)-1.6(evere)-387.1(s)-1.6(kin)]TJ -15.1214 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(di)5(sorders.)-518.6(The)-517.3(act)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)-523.2(o)-0.1(f)-525(A)1.6(CTH)-521.5(i)5(nj)5(ect)5(i)5(ons)-524.1(paral)5(l)5(e)-1.1(l)5(s)-524.1(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-524.2(r)4.9(esul)5(t)-525(o)-0.1(f)-518.2(l)5(ar)25.6(ge)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(q)-4.8(u)-4.8(a)-5.8(n)-4.8(titie)-5.8(s)-453.1(o)-4.8(f)-454(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(t)0.3(u)-4.8(r)0.2(a)-5.8(lly)-459.1(fo)-4.8(rme)-5.8(d)-459.1(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(rtis)-5.7(o)-4.8(n)-4.8(e)-453.2(if)-454(th)-4.8(e)-5.8(y)-459.1(we)-5.8(re)-453.2(re)-5.8(le)-5.8(a)-5.8(s)-5.7(e)-5.8(d)-445.3(n)-4.8(a)-5.8(tu)-4.8(ra)-5.8(lly)-4.8(.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0014 Tc [(See)-325.5(a)-2(lso)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 3.7236 0 TD 0.0011 Tc [(Ster)18.4(oids)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 3.4895 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -7.2131 -2.3264 TD 0.0012 Tc (ACTIN.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.4738 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(One)-283.6(o)-0.4(f)-284.4(t)4.7(he)-290.5(t)4.7(w)1.3(o)-296.4(p)-0.4(rot)4.7(e)-1.4(i)4.7(n)-0.4(s)-283.5(t)4.7(hat)-284.4(m)2.3(akes)-283.5(up)-282.6(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-290.5(m)2.3(yobri)4.7(l)4.7(s)-290.4(of)-284.4(st)4.7(ri)4.7(at)4.7(ed)]TJ -4.4738 -1.1426 TD -0.0016 Tc [(mu)-4(s)-4.9(c)-5(le)-5(s)-4.9(.)-543.1(Th)-4(e)-555.6(o)-4(th)-4(e)-5(r)-556.5(p)-4(r)1(o)-4(t)1.1(e)-5(i)1.1(n)-554.7(i)1.1(s)-562.4(m)-1.3(y)-4(o)-4(s)-4.9(in)-4(.)-550(T)-3.2(h)-4(e)-555.6(c)-5(o)-4(mb)-4(in)-4(a)-5(tio)-4(n)-547.8(o)-4(f)-556.5(t)1.1(h)-4(e)-5(s)-4.9(e)-548.7(two)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(prot)5.1(ei)5.1(ns)-413.9(i)5.1(s)-420.8(somet)5.1(i)5.1(m)2.7(es)-413.9(spoken)-406.1(o)0(f)-414.8(a)-1(s)-413.9(act)5.1(i)5.1(nomyosi)5.1(n)0(.)-401.5(T)0.8(he)-413.9(banded)-406.1(n)0(at)5.1(ure)-413.9(o)0(f)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(th)-5.1(e)-391.5(m)-2.4(y)-5.1(o)-5.1()-4.2(b)-5.1(r)-0.1(ils)-391.5(is)-398.3(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(e)-384.6(to)-397.5(th)-5.1(e)-391.5(f)-0.1(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(t)-385.4(th)-5.1(a)-6.1(t)-392.3(b)-5.1(o)-5.1(t)0(h)-390.6(p)-5.1(ro)-5.1(te)-6.1(in)-5.1(s)-391.5(a)-6.1(re)-391.5(p)-5.1(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(s)-6(e)-6.1(n)-5.1(t)-378.6(w)-3.4(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(re)-391.5(th)-5.1(e)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(bands)-427.8(are)-441.6(d)-0.1(ark)-440.6(a)-1.1(nd)-433.8(onl)5(y)-440.6(one)-434.7(or)-435.6(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-441.6(o)-0.1(t)5(h)-0.1(er)-435.6(i)5(s)-448.4(present)-428.6(i)5(n)-440.6(t)5(he)-441.6(l)5(i)5(ght)-442.4(bands.)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Si)4.9(nce)-427.9(t)4.9(hese)-421(bands)-421(l)4.9(i)4.9(e)-441.7(si)4.9(de)-427.9(by)-427(si)4.9(de)-427.9(i)4.9(n)-433.9(t)4.9(h)-0.2(e)-434.8(d)-0.2(i)4.9(f)25.5(ferent)-428.7(myobri)4.9(l)4.9(s)-434.7(t)4.9(h)-0.2(at)-428.7(go)-427(t)4.9(o)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(make)-297(up)-303(a)-303.9(m)2.6(uscl)5(e)-297()0.8(ber,)-298.3(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-310.8(e)-1.1(nt)5(i)5(r)4.9(e)-303.9(m)2.6(uscl)5(e)-297()0.8(ber)-297.9(s)-1(hows)-297(a)-303.9(banded)-289.2(o)-0.1(r)-297.9(s)-1(t)5(r)4.9(i)5(a)-1.1(t)5(e)-1.1(d)]TJ T* 0.003 Tc [(appear)5.6(ance.)-304.5(See)-323.9(a)-0.4(l)5.7(s)-0.3(o)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.803 0 TD -0.0004 Tc [(Co)-2.8(ntr)-3.8(a)-2.8(c)-3.8(t)2.2(ility)-333.2(a)-2.8(nd)-332.3(Co)-2.8(ntr)-3.8(a)-2.8(c)-3.8(t)2.2(ile)-327.3(Pr)16.9(o)-2.8(t)2.2(e)-3.8(i)2.3(ns)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 16.4841 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -25.2871 -2.3264 TD 0.001 Tc [(ACTINIDE)-385.1(C)0.3(ONTRACTION.)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 14.261 0 TD 0.0025 Tc [(An)-392.3(ef)25.8(fect)-394(anal)5.2(ogous)-379.4(t)5.2(o)-399.1(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-400.1(L)0.9(ant)5.2(h)0.1(ani)5.2(d)0.1(e)]TJ -14.261 -1.1426 TD 0.0023 Tc [(cont)5(ract)5(i)5(on,)-484.2(whi)5(c)-1.1(h)-495.7(h)-0.1(as)-489.7(been)-488.8(found)-488.8(i)5(n)-502.6(cert)5(a)-1.1(i)5(n)-488.8(el)5(ement)5(s)-489.7(of)-497.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-496.6(A)1.6(ct)5(i)5(n)-0.1(i)5(d)-0.1(e)]TJ T* 0.0014 Tc [(seri)4.1(es.)-244.2(T)-0.2(hose)-242.9(e)-2(l)4.1(e)-2(ment)4.1(s)-242.8(from)-259.9(t)4.1(hori)4.1(u)-1(m)-253(\()4(at)4.1(omi)4.1(c)-256.6(number)-236.9(90\))-250.6(t)4.1(o)-255.7(curi)4.1(um)-246.1(\(at)4.1(o)-1(mi)4.1(c)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(number)-325.4(96\))-332.3(exhi)5(bi)5(t)-325.4(a)-338.3(decreasi)5(n)-0.1(g)-316.7(m)2.6(ol)5(ecul)5(a)-1.1(r)-325.4(vol)5(ume)-331.5(i)5(n)-344.3(cert)5(a)-1.1(i)5(n)-330.5(compounds,)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD -0.0022 Tc [(s)-5.5(u)-4.6(c)-5.6(h)-514(a)-5.6(s)-521.7(th)-4.6(o)-4.6(s)-5.5(e)-521.8(w)-2.9(h)-4.6(i)0.5(c)-5.6(h)-520.8(th)-4.6(e)-528.7(a)-5.6(c)-5.6(tin)-4.6(id)-4.6(e)-521.8(t)0.5(e)-5.6(t)0.5(ra)-5.6(u)-4.6(o)-4.6(r)0.4(id)-4.6(e)-5.6(s)-521.7(fo)-4.6(rm)-525(with)-527.7(a)-5.6(l)0.5(k)-4.6(a)-5.6(li)-522.6(me)-5.6(ta)-5.6(l)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.0025 Tc [(u)-4.9(o)-4.9(r)0.1(id)-4.9(e)-5.9(s)-5.8(,)-303.1(p)-4.9(lo)-4.9(tte)-5.9(d)-314.7(i)0.2(n)-314.7(F)-4(ig)-4.9(.)-330.7(1)-4.9(.)-310(T)-4.1(h)-4.9(e)-308.7(e)-5.9(f)20.8(fe)-5.9(c)-5.9(t)-316.4(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(re)-308.7(is)-315.5(d)-4.9(u)-4.9(e)-308.7(to)-314.7(th)-4.9(e)-308.7(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(c)-5.9(r)0.1(e)-5.9(a)-5.9(s)-5.8(in)-4.9(g)-300.9(c)-5.9(ry)-4.9(s)-5.8(t)0.2(a)-5.9(l)]TJ T* -0.0026 Tc [(ra)-6(d)-5(i)0.1(u)-5(s)-425.8(o)-5(f)-426.7(th)-5(e)-425.8(t)0.1(e)-6(t)0.1(ra)-6(p)-5(o)-5(s)-5.9(itiv)-5(e)-432.7(a)-6(c)-6(tin)-5(id)-5(e)-425.8(i)0.1(o)-5(n)-5(s)-425.8(a)-6(s)-425.8(th)-5(e)-425.8(a)-6(to)-5(mic)-432.7(n)-5(u)-5(m)-2.3(b)-5(e)-6(r)-412.9(i)0.1(n)-5(c)-6(re)-6(a)-6(s)-5.9(e)-6(s)-5.9(.)]TJ T* -0.0024 Tc [(No)-4.8(te)-322.4(th)-4.8(a)-5.8(t)-323.2(in)-321.4(th)-4.8(e)-322.4(A)-3.1(c)-5.8(tin)-4.8(id)-4.8(e)-5.8(s)-322.3(th)-4.8(e)-322.4(t)0.3(e)-5.8(t)0.3(ra)-5.8(v)-4.8(a)-5.8(le)-5.8(n)-4.8(t)-316.3(io)-4.8(n)-4.8(s)-315.4(a)-5.8(r)0.2(e)-322.4(c)-5.8(o)-4.8(m)-2.1(p)-4.8(a)-5.8(re)-5.8(d)-314.6(i)0.3(n)-4.8(s)-5.7(te)-5.8(a)-5.8(d)-314.6(o)-4.8(f)-323.3(th)-4.8(e)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(t)5.5(r)5.4(i)5.5(v)0.4(al)5.5(ent)-283.6(ones)-282.7(a)-0.6(s)-282.7(i)5.5(n)-288.7(t)5.5(he)-282.8(case)-282.8(o)0.4(f)-283.6(t)5.5(he)-282.8(Lant)5.5(hani)5.5(des,)-270.3(i)5.5(n)-288.7(whi)5.5(c)-0.6(h)-281.8(t)5.5(he)-289.7(t)5.5(r)5.4(i)5.5(v)0.4(al)5.5(ent)-283.6(s)-0.5(t)5.5(a)-0.6(t)5.5(e)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(i)4.6(s)-331.8(by)-330.9(far)-332.7(t)4.6(he)-331.9(most)-325.8(common.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1494 TD -0.0023 Tc [(Th)-4.7(e)-439.3(b)-4.7(e)-5.7(h)-4.7(a)-5.7(v)-4.7(io)-4.7(r)-433.3(i)0.4(s)-446.1(a)-5.7(ttrib)-4.7(u)-4.7(t)0.4(e)-5.7(d)-445.2(to)-452.1(th)-4.7(e)-446.2(e)-5.7(n)-4.7(t)0.4(ra)-5.7(n)-4.7(c)-5.7(e)-432.4(o)-4.7(f)-447.1(a)-5.7(d)-4.7(d)-4.7(e)-5.7(d)-431.5(e)-5.7(le)-5.7(c)-5.7(t)0.4(ro)-4.7(n)-4.7(s)-439.2(in)-4.7(to)-445.2(a)-5.7(n)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1426 TD -0.0005 Tc [(\(inne)-3.9(r\))]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.0697 0 TD 0 Tc (f)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0531 0 TD 0.0031 Tc [(shel)5.8(l)-338.3(\()5.7(4)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 3.0697 0 TD 0 Tc (f)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0599 0 TD 0.0023 Tc [(for)-346.1(t)5(he)-345.2(Lant)5(hani)5(des,)-325.9(5)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 9.0714 0 TD 0 Tc (f)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0531 0 TD 0.0022 Tc [(for)-346.2(t)4.9(he)-345.3(Act)4.9(i)4.9(n)-0.2(i)4.9(d)-0.2(es\))-339.3(s)-1.1(o)-344.4(t)4.9(hat)-346.1(t)4.9(he)]TJ -18.3769 -1.1426 TD 0.0019 Tc [(i)4.6(n)-0.5(crement)-298.3(t)4.6(hey)-310.3(p)-0.5(roduce)-297.4(i)4.6(n)-310.3(a)-1.5(t)4.6(o)-0.5(mi)4.6(c)-311.2(vol)4.6(ume)-304.3(i)4.6(s)-311.1(l)4.6(ess)-304.3(t)4.6(han)-303.4(t)4.6(he)-311.2(reduct)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-303.4(due)-304.3(t)4.6(o)]TJ T* 0.0032 Tc [(t)5.9(h)0.8(e)-330.6(g)0.8(r)5.8(eat)5.9(er)-324.5(nucl)5.9(ear)-317.7(char)26.5(ge.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 0 -2.3264 TD 0.0011 Tc [(ACTINIDES)-323.9(AND)-330(TRANSACTINIDES)]TJ 0 -2.5879 TD 0.0003 Tc (Actinides)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3835 TD -0.002 Tc [(Th)-4.4(e)-466.5(a)-5.4(c)-5.4(tin)-4.4(id)-4.4(e)-466.5(e)-5.4(le)-5.4(me)-5.4(n)-4.4(t)0.7(s)-459.6(a)-5.4(re)-473.4(a)-466.5(g)-4.4(ro)-4.4(u)-4.4(p)-465.6(o)-4.4(f)-467.4(c)-5.4(h)-4.4(e)-5.4(m)-1.7(ic)-5.4(a)-5.4(lly)-465.6(s)-5.3(i)0.7(mila)-5.4(r)-467.4(e)-5.4(le)-5.4(me)-5.4(n)-4.4(t)0.7(s)-466.5(w)-2.7(ith)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD 0.002 Tc [(at)4.7(omi)4.7(c)-441.9(numbers)-428.1(89)-440.9(t)4.7(h)-0.4(rough)-434.1(103,)-436.3(and)-434.1(t)4.7(hei)4.7(r)-442.8(names,)-429.4(symbol)4.7(s,)-429.4(and)-434.1(a)-1.4(t)4.7(o)-0.4(mi)4.7(c)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(number)5.5(s)-454.7(ar)5.5(e)-461.6(g)0.5(i)5.6(v)0.5(en)-460.7(i)5.6(n)-467.6(T)70.2(a)-0.5(bl)5.6(e)-454.7(1)0.5(,)-462.9(s)-0.4(ee)-454.7(al)5.6(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 17.2413 0 TD 0.0007 Tc [(Radi)3.4(oacti)3.4(vi)3.4(ty)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 5.7264 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Nucl)5.2(ear)-455.1(P)0.9(ower)]TJ -23.711 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc (Technology)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.9624 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.6332 0 TD 0.0001 Tc (Plutonium)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.5013 0 TD 0 Tc (;)Tj /F2 1 Tf 0.647 0 TD 0.0011 Tc (Thorium)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.8406 0 TD 0.369 Tc [(;a)365.6(n)366.6(d)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 2.464 0 TD 0.0011 Tc (Uranium)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.8956 0 TD -0.0019 Tc [(.)-364.5(E)-3.5(a)-5.3(c)-5.3(h)-369.1(o)-4.3(f)-370.9(th)-4.3(e)-376.9(e)-5.3(le)-5.3(me)-5.3(n)-4.3(t)0.8(s)]TJ -20.9441 -1.1426 TD 0.0026 Tc [(has)-227.8(a)-227.9(number)-221.9(o)0.2(f)-228.8(i)5.3(sot)5.3(opes,)-222.3(al)5.3(l)-228.7(r)5.2(adi)5.3(o)0.2(act)5.3(i)5.3(v)0.2(e)-221(a)-0.8(nd)-227(some)-227.9(of)-228.8(whi)5.3(c)-0.8(h)-227(can)-227(be)-227.9(obt)5.3(ai)5.3(ned)]TJ 0 -1.1494 TD 0.0014 Tc [(i)4.1(n)-331.4(i)4.1(s)-1.9(ot)4.1(opi)4.1(cal)4.1(l)4.1(y)-331.4(pure)-332.4(f)4(orm.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0018 Tc [(Thori)4.5(u)-0.6(m,)-353.9(urani)4.5(u)-0.6(m,)-360.8(and)-351.7(p)-0.6(l)4.5(u)-0.6(t)4.5(oni)4.5(um)-355.9(are)-359.5(w)1.1(el)4.5(l)-360.3(known)-351.7(f)4.4(or)-360.4(t)4.5(h)-0.6(ei)4.5(r)-360.4(r)4.4(ol)4.5(e)-359.5(a)-1.6(s)-359.4(t)4.5(he)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(basi)5.6(c)-489.2(f)5.5(uel)5.6(s)-489.1(\()5.5(o)0.5(r)-496.9(s)-0.4(our)5.5(ces)-475.3(of)-496.9(f)5.5(u)0.5(el)5.6(\))-490(f)5.5(or)-490(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-496(r)5.5(el)5.6(ease)-482.3(o)0.5(f)-490(nucl)5.6(ear)-483.2(ener)26.2(gy.)-483.6(The)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(i)4.6(m)2.2(port)4.6(a)-1.5(nce)-510.8(o)-0.5(f)-511.7(t)4.6(he)-517.7(remai)4.6(nder)-511.7(o)-0.5(f)-511.7(t)4.6(he)-517.7(act)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(i)4.6(d)-0.5(e)-517.7(g)-0.5(roup)-509.9(l)4.6(i)4.6(e)-1.5(s)-517.6(a)-1.5(t)-511.6(p)-0.5(resent)4.6(,)-512.1(f)4.5(or)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-441(m)3.2(ost)-441.8(p)0.5(ar)5.5(t)5.6(,)-442.3(i)5.6(n)-440(t)5.6(h)0.5(e)-447.9(r)5.5(eal)5.6(m)-437.3(o)0.5(f)-441.9(pur)5.5(e)-441(r)5.5(esear)5.5(ch,)-428.5(but)-434.9(a)-447.9(number)-428.1(o)0.5(f)-441.9(p)0.5(r)5.5(act)5.6(i)5.6(cal)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 390.42 794.655 Tm 0.0009 Tc [(ACTINIDES)-326.4(AND)-334.4(TRANSACTINIDES)-1992.6(23)]TJ ET /GS2 gs q 258.12 0 0 173.16 311.6804 603.4951 cm /Im5 Do Q BT /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 581.895 Tm /GS1 gs -0.0015 Tc [(Fig.)-338.7(1.)-1001.2(Plot)-732.3(of)-737.5(molecular)-737.5(volume)-746.9(v)1.6(ers)-4(u)1.6(s)-734.2(a)-1.7(tomic)-739.4(number)-737.5(o)1.6(f)-737.5(t)-2(he)-731.9(tetrava-)]TJ 0 -1.2497 TD -0.0007 Tc [(lent)-332.5(Actinides)]TJ 7.9196 -3.8619 TD -0.0002 Tc [(T)83.8(A)-0.9(BLE)-337.8(1)2.9(.)-503(T)1(HE)-330.2(ACTINIDE)-337.7(ELEMENTS)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 308.754 536.241 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 524.895 Tm -0.0006 Tc (Atomic)Tj 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0016 Tc [(number)-6097.6(E)-0.4(lement)-6092.4(Symbol)-5038.5(Atomic)-340.5(weight)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 569.76 518.775 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj ET q 264.06 0 0 -0.54 308.754 510.501 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 499.455 Tm -0.0015 Tc [(89)-8061(actinium)-6977.5(A)-2.2(c)-8463.3(2)1.7(27)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0023 Tc [(90)-8227.4(thorium)-7181.5(T)-1.1(h)-8490.9(2)0.9(32)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0017 Tc [(91)-7255.7(protactinium)-6262.5(P)-2.8(a)-8546.3(231)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0023 Tc [(92)-8144.6(uranium)-7286.9(U)-8690.5(238)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.002 Tc [(93)-7670(neptunium)-6571.5(Np)-8437.9(237)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0019 Tc [(94)-7752.7(plutonium)-6737(Pu)-8520.6(242)]TJ T* -0.0016 Tc [(95)-7669.6(americium)-6428(A)-2.3(m)-8295(243)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0023 Tc [(96)-8393(curium)-7174(C)-5.3(m)-8325.8(248)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0019 Tc [(97)-7782.9(berkelium)-6706.9(B)-4.9(k)-8460.4(249)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD [(98)-7474.2(californium)-6488.6(C)-4.9(f)-8544.6(249)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0017 Tc [(99)-7474(eins)-4.2(teinium)-6480.8(E)-0.5(s)-8548.6(254)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0023 Tc [(100)-7587.5(fermium)-6933.1(F)-3.4(m)-8378.5(257)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0019 Tc [(101)-6593.4(mendelevium)-5901.4(Md)-8355(258)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0023 Tc [(102)-7421.9(nobelium)-6820.2(N)-3(o)-8438.2(259)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0017 Tc [(103)-6954.6(lawrencium)-6480.8(Lr)-8574.5(260)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 308.754 367.521 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F6 1 Tf 5.2302 0 0 5.2302 308.76 359.595 Tm 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.472 0 0 7.472 312.12 356.8951 Tm -0.0022 Tc [(Mass)-335.9(number)-343.7(o)-0.1(f)-335.7(l)-5.3(ongest)-5.3(-l)-5.3(i)-5.3(v)-0.1(ed)-345.4(or)-335.7(most)-342.5(avai)-5.3(l)-5.3(a)0.1(bl)-5.2(e)-337.1(i)-5.3(sot)-5.3(ope.)]TJ 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 325.695 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(appl)5(i)5(cat)5(i)5(ons)-358.9(are)-365.9(a)-1.1(l)5(s)-1(o)-358(known.)-360.3(The)-359(act)5(i)5(n)]TJ 15.9817 0 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(d)-0.4(es)-359.2(present)-353.2(a)-373.1(st)4.7(orage-l)4.7(i)4.7(f)4.6(e)-366.2(p)-0.4(robl)4.7(em)]TJ -15.9817 -1.1425 TD 0.003 Tc [(i)5.7(n)-419.3(nucl)5.7(ear)-400.5(wast)5.7(e)-406.5(d)0.6(i)5.7(s)-0.3(posal)-400.4(and)-412.4(c)-0.4(onsi)5.7(d)0.6(er)5.6(at)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)-398.6(i)5.7(s)-420.2(b)0.6(ei)5.7(ng)-412.4(gi)5.7(ven)-405.5(t)5.7(o)-419.3(s)-0.3(epar)5.6(at)5.7(i)5.7(o)0.6(n)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(met)4.6(hods)-503.9(for)-511.7(t)4.6(hei)4.6(r)-518.6(recovery)-503(pri)4.6(o)-0.5(r)-511.7(t)4.6(o)-516.8(d)-0.5(i)4.6(s)-1.4(posal)4.6(,)-498.3(s)-1.4(ee)-510.8(al)4.6(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 23.6629 0 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Nucl)5.2(ear)-503.3(P)0.9(ower)]TJ -23.6629 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc (Technology)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.9624 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F2 1 Tf -4.9624 -2.526 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Sour)19.6(ce)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3697 TD 0.0018 Tc [(Onl)4.5(y)-393(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-400.8(m)2.1(embers)-393.8(of)-394.8(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-393.9(act)4.5(i)4.5(n)-0.6(i)4.5(d)-0.6(e)-393.9(g)-0.6(roup)-393(t)4.5(h)-0.6(rough)-393(Pu)-393(have)-393.9(been)-386.1(found)-393(t)4.5(o)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0029 Tc [(occur)-304.2(i)5.6(n)-323(n)0.5(at)5.6(ur)5.5(e.)-318.4(Thor)5.5(i)5.6(u)0.5(m)-313.5(a)-0.5(nd)-316.1(ur)5.5(ani)5.6(u)0.5(m)-313.5(o)0.5(ccur)-311.1(w)2.2(i)5.6(d)0.5(el)5.6(y)-316.2(i)5.6(n)-323(t)5.6(he)-317.1(ear)5.5(t)5.6(h)0.5()5.5(s)-323.9(cr)5.5(ust)-311(i)5.6(n)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(combi)5.1(n)0(at)5.1(i)5.1(o)0(n)-247.8(w)1.7(i)5.1(t)5.1(h)-261.6(ot)5.1(her)-256.5(e)-1(l)5.1(e)-1(ment)5.1(s,)-250(and,)-250(i)5.1(n)-261.6(t)5.1(h)0(e)-255.6(case)-248.8(o)0(f)-256.5(u)0(rani)5.1(um,)-256.9(i)5.1(n)-261.6(s)-0.9(i)5.1(gni)5.1(cant)]TJ T* 0.0026 Tc 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[(i)5.4(n)-433.4(moder)5.3(n)-433.4(nucl)5.4(ear)-421.4(r)5.3(eact)5.4(or)5.3(s,)-428.7(and)-426.5(t)5.4(he)-434.3(most)-428.2(f)5.3(easi)5.4(b)0.3(l)5.4(e)-434.3(met)5.4(hod)-426.5(f)5.3(o)0.3(r)-435.2(p)0.3(r)5.3(e)-0.7(par)5.3(i)5.4(ng)]TJ T* 0.0019 Tc [(act)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(i)4.6(u)-0.5(m,)-395.1(prot)4.6(act)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(i)4.6(u)-0.5(m,)-395.1(and)-392.9(m)2.2(ost)-394.6(o)-0.5(f)-394.7(t)4.6(he)-400.7(act)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(i)4.6(d)-0.5(e)-393.8(e)-1.5(l)4.6(e)-1.5(ment)4.6(s)-393.7(i)4.6(s)-400.6(t)4.6(hrough)-392.9(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0012 Tc [(neut)3.9(ron)-324.7(i)3.9(rradi)3.9(at)3.9(i)3.9(o)-1.2(n)-338.5(o)-1.2(f)-326.5(e)-2.2(l)3.9(e)-2.2(ment)3.9(s)-325.6(o)-1.2(f)-333.4(h)-1.2(i)3.9(g)-1.2(h)-324.7(a)-2.2(t)3.9(o)-1.2(mi)3.9(c)-332.6(number.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.7138 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Experi)5(ment)5(al)-401.1(Met)5(h)0.8(ods)-414(of)-414.9(Invest)5(i)5(gat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 16.6631 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD -0.002 Tc 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Tf 0.9085 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(el)5.7(ect)5.7(r)5.6(ons)-323.8(ar)5.6(e)-330.8(p)0.6(r)5.6(e)-0.4(sent)5.7(.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf -4.1847 -2.4021 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Pr)19.8(opert)5.1(i)5.2(e)-0.9(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3353 TD -0.0017 Tc [(Th)-4.1(e)-273.5(c)-5.1(lo)-4.1(s)-5(e)-266.6(c)-5.1(h)-4.1(e)-5.1(m)-1.4(ic)-5.1(a)-5.1(l)-260.6(re)-5.1(s)-5(e)-5.1(mb)-4.1(la)-5.1(n)-4.1(c)-5.1(e)-259.7(a)-5.1(mo)-4.1(n)-4.1(g)-265.7(ma)-5.1(n)-4.1(y)-272.6(o)-4.1(f)-274.4(th)-4.1(e)-273.5(a)-5.1(c)-5.1(tin)-4.1(id)-4.1(e)-273.5(e)-5.1(le)-5.1(me)-5.1(n)-4.1(t)1(s)-266.6(p)-4.1(e)-5.1(r)0.9(-)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD -0.0025 Tc [(mits)-308.7(th)-4.9(e)-5.9(i)0.2(r)-302.7(c)-5.9(h)-4.9(e)-5.9(mis)-5.8(t)0.2(ry)-294(to)-307.8(b)-4.9(e)-301.8(d)-4.9(e)-5.9(s)-5.8(c)-5.9(rib)-4.9(e)-5.9(d)-287.1(f)0.1(o)-4.9(r)-302.7(th)-4.9(e)-301.8(m)-2.2(o)-4.9(s)-5.8(t)-295.8(p)-4.9(a)-5.9(r)0.1(t)-295.8(i)0.2(n)-307.8(a)-301.8(c)-5.9(o)-4.9(rre)-5.9(la)-5.9(tiv)-4.9(e)-336.3(w)-3.2(a)-5.9(y)-4.9(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.6725 TD -0.002 Tc [(Ox)-4.4(id)-4.4(a)-4.4(tio)-4.4(n)-533.5(S)-3.5(ta)-4.4(te)-5.4(s)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 7.0961 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD -0.002 Tc [(Th)-4.4(e)-535.4(o)-4.4(x)-4.4(i)0.7(d)-4.4(a)-5.4(tio)-4.4(n)-534.4(s)-5.3(ta)-5.4(te)-5.4(s)-535.3(o)-4.4(f)-529.3(t)0.7(h)-4.4(e)-542.2(a)-5.4(c)-5.4(tin)-4.4(id)-4.4(e)-528.5(e)-5.4(le)-5.4(me)-5.4(n)-4.4(t)0.7(s)-535.3(a)-5.4(re)]TJ -8.982 -1.1357 TD 0.0028 Tc [(summar)5.4(i)5.5(zed)-323.1(i)5.5(n)-330(T)70.1(a)-0.6(bl)5.5(e)-324.1(2)0.4(.)-332.2(T)1.2(he)-324.1(most)-324.9(st)5.5(abl)5.5(e)-324.1(st)5.5(at)5.5(es)-330.9(ar)5.4(e)-324.1(d)0.4(esi)5.5(gnat)5.5(e)-0.6(d)-316.2(b)0.4(y)-330(bol)5.5(df)5.4(ace)]TJ T* 0.0023 Tc [(t)5(ype)-331.4(and)-323.6(t)5(hose)-324.6(w)1.6(hi)5(ch)-323.6(are)-331.5(v)-0.1(ery)-330.5(unst)5(a)-1.1(bl)5(e)-324.6(a)-1.1(re)-324.6(i)5(ndi)5(cat)5(ed)-323.6(by)-330.5(parent)5(heses.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(The)-455.7(act)4.6(i)4.6(n)-0.5(i)4.6(d)-0.5(e)-448.9(e)-1.5(l)4.6(e)-1.5(ment)4.6(s)-455.7(e)-1.5(xhi)4.6(bi)4.6(t)-449.7(uni)4.6(formi)4.6(t)4.6(y)-461.7(i)4.6(n)-461.7(i)4.6(oni)4.6(c)-455.7(t)4.6(ypes.)-450.1(Correspond-)]TJ -1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(i)4.7(n)-0.4(g)-544.2(i)4.7(oni)4.7(c)-552(t)4.7(ypes)-538.2(a)-1.4(re)-545.1(si)4.7(mi)4.7(l)4.7(a)-1.4(r)-546(i)4.7(n)-551.1(c)-1.4(hemi)4.7(cal)-532.2(behavi)4.7(or,)-539.5(a)-1.4(l)4.7(t)4.7(hough)-537.3(t)4.7(h)-0.4(e)-545.1(oxi)4.7(da-)]TJ T* -0.0027 Tc [(tio)-5.1(n)-94.6()-94.6(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(d)-5.1(u)-5.1(c)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-232.3(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(l)0(a)-6.1(tio)-5.1(n)-5.1(s)-6(h)-5.1(i)0(p)-5.1(s)-233.1(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-239.2(t)0(h)-5.1(e)-6.1(re)-6.1(fo)-5.1(re)-240.1(th)-5.1(e)-240.1(r)-0.1(e)-6.1(l)0(a)-6.1(tiv)-5.1(e)-240.1(s)-6(ta)-6.1(b)-5.1(ilitie)-6.1(s)-246.9(d)-5.1(if)20.6(fe)-6.1(r)-247.9(fro)-5.1(m)]TJ T* 0.0024 Tc [(el)5.1(ement)-318.4(t)5.1(o)-337.3(e)-1(l)5.1(e)-1(ment)5.1(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.6794 TD 0.0023 Tc [(Hydrol)5(ysi)5(s)-524.1(and)-530.1(C)1.7(ompl)5(ex)-530.1(Ion)-529.2(F)1.7(ormat)5(i)5(o)-0.1(n)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 17.6611 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7433 0 TD -0.0019 Tc [(Of)-543(th)-4.3(e)-542.1(a)-5.3(c)-5.3(tin)-4.3(id)-4.3(e)-535.3(i)0.8(o)-4.3(n)-4.3(s)-5.2(,)-536.5(t)0.8(h)-4.3(e)]TJ -19.547 -1.1357 TD 0.0026 Tc [(smal)5.3(l)5.3(,)-387.5(hi)5.3(ghl)5.3(y)-378.4(c)-0.8(har)25.9(g)0.2(ed)-378.4(M)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 117.48 489.855 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 129.18 486.675 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(i)4.9(ons)-386.6(exhi)4.9(bi)4.9(t)-380.5(t)4.9(he)-379.7(great)4.9(est)-380.5(d)-0.2(egree)-372.8(o)-0.2(f)-387.5(hydrol)4.9(ysi)4.9(s)]TJ -11.515 -1.1357 TD 0.002 Tc [(and)-323.9(c)-1.4(ompl)4.7(ex)-323.9(i)4.7(o)-0.4(n)-330.8(f)4.6(ormat)4.7(i)4.7(on.)]TJ 1.1425 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(The)-221.8(d)-0.6(egree)-214.9(o)-0.6(f)-222.7(hydrol)4.5(ysi)4.5(s)-214.9(or)-222.7(compl)4.5(e)-1.6(x)-214(i)4.5(on)-220.9(format)4.5(i)4.5(o)-0.6(n)-227.8(d)-0.6(ecreases)-201.1(i)4.5(n)-227.8(t)4.5(h)-0.6(e)-228.7(o)-0.6(rder)]TJ -1.1425 -1.177 TD 0 Tc (M)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 36.54 459.735 Tm (4)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 47.28 456.6151 Tm (>)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.1907 0 TD -0.0011 Tc (MO)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 71.7 460.3351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf -0.5015 -1.0325 TD (2)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 82.44 456.6151 Tm (>)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.1907 0 TD (M)Tj 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 100.56 459.735 Tm (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F6 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 111.3 456.6151 Tm (>)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.1907 0 TD -0.0011 Tc (MO)Tj /F5 1 Tf 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 135.72 460.3351 Tm 0 Tc (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.0325 TD (2)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 141 456.6151 Tm 0.0022 Tc [(.)-408.5(P)0.7(resumabl)4.9(y)-399.4(t)4.9(he)-407.3(rel)4.9(a)-1.2(t)4.9(i)4.9(v)-0.2(el)4.9(y)-413.2(h)-0.2(i)4.9(g)-0.2(h)-406.3(t)4.9(endency)]TJ -12.8709 -1.1357 TD 0.0015 Tc [(t)4.2(o)-0.9(ward)-448.3(hydrol)4.2(ysi)4.2(s)-442.3(and)-441.4(c)-1.9(ompl)4.2(ex)-441.4(i)4.2(o)-0.9(n)-448.3(f)4.1(ormat)4.2(i)4.2(o)-0.9(n)-448.3(o)-0.9(f)-450.1(M)2.6(O)-446.6(i)4.2(ons)-449.2(i)4.2(s)-449.2(rel)4.2(a)-1.9(t)4.2(e)-1.9(d)-448.3(t)4.2(o)]TJ 0 -1.1426 TD -0.002 Tc [(th)-4.4(e)-535.4(h)-4.4(ig)-4.4(h)-534.4(c)-5.4(o)-4.4(n)-4.4(c)-5.4(e)-5.4(n)-4.4(tra)-5.4(tio)-4.4(n)-520.7(o)-4.4(f)-529.3(c)-5.4(h)-4.4(a)-5.4(r)21.3(g)-4.4(e)-528.5(o)-4.4(n)-534.4(t)0.7(h)-4.4(e)-535.4(me)-5.4(ta)-5.4(l)-529.3(a)-5.4(to)-4.4(m.)-529.8(On)-534.4(th)-4.4(e)-535.4(b)-4.4(a)-5.4(s)-5.3(is)-528.4(o)-4.4(f)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0031 Tc [(i)5.8(n)0.7(cr)5.7(easi)5.8(n)0.7(g)-350.4(c)-0.3(har)26.4(g)0.7(e)-358.2(a)-0.3(nd)-350.4(decr)5.7(easi)5.8(n)0.7(g)-343.5(i)5.8(oni)5.8(c)-365.1(s)-0.2(i)5.8(ze,)-352.6(i)5.8(t)-365.9(coul)5.8(d)-350.4(b)0.7(e)-365.1(e)-0.3(xpect)5.8(ed)-343.5(t)5.8(h)0.7(at)-359(t)5.8(h)0.7(e)]TJ T* 0.0028 Tc [(degr)5.4(ee)-413.5(of)-414.4(hydr)5.4(ol)5.5(ysi)5.5(s)-413.5(f)5.4(o)0.4(r)-421.3(each)-412.6(i)5.5(oni)5.5(c)-420.4(t)5.5(ype)-420.4(woul)5.5(d)-419.5(i)5.5(ncr)5.4(ease)-406.7(w)2.1(i)5.5(t)5.5(h)-426.4(i)5.5(n)0.4(cr)5.4(easi)5.5(n)0.4(g)]TJ T* 0.0013 Tc [(at)4(omi)4(c)-332.5(number.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.6725 TD -0.002 Tc [(Me)-5.4(ta)-4.4(llic)-556(Sta)-4.4(t)0.7(e)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 5.9949 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7502 0 TD -0.002 Tc [(Th)-4.4(e)-549.1(a)-5.4(c)-5.4(tin)-4.4(id)-4.4(e)-549.1(m)-1.7(e)-5.4(t)0.7(a)-5.4(l)0.7(s)-5.3(,)-543.5(lik)-4.4(e)-556(t)0.7(h)-4.4(e)-549.1(la)-5.4(n)-4.4(t)0.7(h)-4.4(a)-5.4(n)-4.4(i)0.7(d)-4.4(e)-542.2(me)-5.4(ta)-5.4(ls)-5.3(,)-550.4(a)-5.4(re)]TJ -7.8876 -1.1425 TD 0.0007 Tc [(highly)-332.1(e)-2.7(lectropositive.)-320.6(Th)]TJ 10.4755 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(ey)-317.7(can)-324.6(be)-332.5(prepared)-317.7(by)-331.5(the)-325.6(e)-2.1(lectrolysis)-325.5(o)-1.1(f)-333.3(m)1.6(olten)]TJ -10.4755 -1.1357 TD 0.0008 Tc [(salts)-319.1(or)-320.1(by)-325.1(the)-319.2(r)3.4(eduction)-318.2(o)-1.6(f)-320.1(a)-326.1(halide)-319.2(w)]TJ 15.6445 0 TD 0.0005 Tc [(ith)-325.4(an)-318.5(electropositive)-319.5(m)0.8(etal,)-320.8(s)-2.8(uch)-311.7(a)-2.9(s)]TJ -15.6445 -1.1357 TD 0.0018 Tc [(cal)4.5(ci)4.5(um)-321.4(or)-332.8(bari)4.5(um.)-326.4(T)0.2(hei)4.5(r)-325.9(physi)4.5(cal)-319(propert)4.5(i)4.5(e)-1.6(s)-325(a)-1.6(re)-332(summari)4.5(zed)-324.1(i)4.5(n)-331(T)69.1(a)-1.6(bl)4.5(e)-325.1(3)-0.6(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.6725 TD 0.0007 Tc [(Solid)-400.9(Compounds)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 7.4746 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7296 0 TD 0.0024 Tc [(Thousands)-372.6(of)-394.2(compounds)-379.5(of)-394.2(t)5.1(h)0(e)-393.3(act)5.1(i)5.1(n)0(i)5.1(d)0(e)-393.3(e)-1(l)5.1(e)-1(ment)5.1(s)]TJ -9.3468 -1.1425 TD 0.0019 Tc [(have)-414.4(been)-413.5(prepared,)-408.8(a)-1.5(nd)-413.5(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-421.3(p)-0.5(roper)]TJ 14.9218 0 TD 0.0013 Tc [(t)4(i)4(e)-2.1(s)-415(o)-1.1(f)-422.8(s)-2(ome)-415(o)-1.1(f)-415.9(t)4(he)-421.9(i)4(m)1.6(port)4(a)-2.1(nt)-422.7(bi)4(nary)]TJ -14.9218 -1.1357 TD 0.0016 Tc [(compounds)-311.4(are)-332.2(s)-1.7(ummari)4.3(zed)-324.3(i)4.3(n)-331.2(T)68.9(a)-1.8(bl)4.3(e)-325.3(4)-0.8(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.6725 TD -0.001 Tc [(Cr)-4.3(y)-4.4(s)-4.3(ta)-3.4(l)-253(S)-2.5(tr)-4.3(uc)-4.4(tur)-4.3(e)-259(a)-3.4(n)-2.5(d)-258.1(I)-4.3(o)-3.4(n)-2.5(ic)-265.9(Ra)-3.4(d)-3.4(i)1.7(i)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 13.8412 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7502 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(Cryst)4.3(a)-1.8(l)-257.3(s)-1.7(t)4.3(r)4.2(uct)4.3(u)-0.8(re)-256.4(dat)4.3(a)-263.3(have)-256.4(provi)4.3(ded)]TJ -15.7339 -1.1357 TD 0.0019 Tc [(t)4.6(h)-0.5(e)-579.6(b)-0.5(asi)4.6(s)-572.7(for)-580.5(t)4.6(he)-579.6(i)4.6(oni)4.6(c)-579.6(r)4.5(adi)4.6(i)-580.4(\(coordi)4.6(nat)4.6(i)4.6(o)-0.5(n)-571.8(number)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 22.541 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3559 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (CN)Tj /F5 1 Tf 1.9753 0 TD 0 Tc (=)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.3628 0 TD 0.0012 Tc [(6\).)-574.7(F)-0.3(or)]TJ -27.235 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(bot)5.1(h)-385.5(M)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 55.44 297.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F5 1 Tf 0.5015 0 TD (+)Tj /F1 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 67.14 293.895 Tm 0.0029 Tc [(and)-385(M)]TJ 6.1017 0 0 6.1017 90.9 297.015 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 97.86 293.895 Tm 0.0023 Tc [(i)5(ons)-379.6(t)5(h)-0.1(ere)-393.4(i)5(s)-386.5(a)-1.1(n)-385.6(act)5(i)5(n)-0.1(i)5(d)-0.1(e)-386.5(c)-1.1(ont)5(ract)5(i)5(on,)-374(anal)5(ogous)-372.7(t)5(o)-392.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)]TJ -7.9221 -1.1426 TD -0.0025 Tc 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[(compounds)-311(are)-331.8(g)-0.4(eneral)4.7(l)4.7(y)-323.9(i)4.7(s)-1.3(ost)4.7(r)4.6(uct)4.7(u)-0.4(ral)4.7(.)]TJ /F4 1 Tf 1.1425 -1.6794 TD 0.0025 Tc [(Absorpt)5.2(i)5.2(o)0.1(n)-680.4(a)0.1(nd)-688.2(Fl)5.2(uorescence)-668.5(Spect)5.2(ra)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 16.8765 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7365 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(The)-690.1(a)-1.8(bsorpt)4.3(i)4.3(o)-0.8(n)-689.1(s)-1.7(pect)4.3(ra)-683.2(of)]TJ -18.7555 -1.1357 TD -0.0027 Tc [(a)-6.1(c)-6.1(tin)-5.1(id)-5.1(e)-419(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-425(la)-6.1(n)-5.1(t)0(h)-5.1(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(i)0(d)-5.1(e)-419(io)-5.1(n)-5.1(s)-419(in)-431.9(a)-6.1(q)-5.1(u)-5.1(e)-6.1(o)-5.1(u)-5.1(s)-405.2(s)-6(o)-5.1(lu)-5.1(tio)-5.1(n)-425(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-418.1(in)-431.9(c)-6.1(r)-0.1(y)-5.1(s)-6(ta)-6.1(llin)-5.1(e)-425.9(f)-0.1(o)-5.1(r)-0.1(m)]TJ T* [(c)-6.1(o)-5.1(n)-5.1(t)0(a)-6.1(i)0(n)-521.3(n)-5.1(a)-6.1(rro)-5.1(w)-519.6(b)-5.1(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-5.1(s)-515.3(in)-528.2(th)-5.1(e)-522.3(v)-5.1(is)-6(ib)-5.1(le)-6.1(,)-523.6(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(r-u)-5.1(ltra)-6.1(v)-5.1(io)-5.1(le)-6.1(t,)-523.6(a)-6.1(n)-5.1(d)-521.4(n)-5.1(e)-6.1(a)-6.1(r-in)-5.1(fra)-6.1(re)-6.1(d)]TJ T* 0.0017 Tc [(regi)4.4(ons)-325.1(of)-332.9(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-332.1(s)-1.6(pect)4.4(rum.)]TJ 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 38.04 181.0951 Tm -0.0002 Tc [(T)83.8(A)-0.9(BLE)-337.7(2)2.9(.)-503(T)1(HE)-330.2(OXIDA)112(TION)-339.7(ST)83.8(A)112(TES)-340(OF)-332.5(THE)-330.2(A)-0.9(CTINIDE)-337.7(ELEMENTS)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 28.794 176.2411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 114.3 164.7751 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(Atomic)-340.3(number)-345.9(a)-1.6(nd)-337(element)]TJ -10.7276 -1.1443 TD -0.0031 Tc [(89)-1242.1(90)-1159.3(91)-1069(92)-1106.6(93)-1181.9(94)-1324.9(95)-1467.9(96)-1294.8(97)-1159.3(98)-1159.3(99)-1069(100)-1001.2(101)-993.7(102)-993.7(103)]TJ T* 0.9836 Tc [(A)982.9(c)-25.3(T)984.8(h)-119.9(P)982.5(a)-221.1(U)-138.8(N)982.9(p)-59.7(P)982.5(u)-52.1(A)982.9(mC)980.6(mB)980.6(k)-82.3(C)980.6(f)-166.4(E)984.8(s)-170.7(F)982.5(m)-135.5(M)984.3(d)-195.2(N)982.9(o)-421(L)984.8(r)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -0.54 28.794 141.0211 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 132.12 129.9751 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(\(2\))-5744.9(\()-0.9(2\))-994.7(\(2\))-1491.5(2)-1987(2)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 16.6748 0 TD 0 Tc (2)Tj -29.6383 -1.1217 TD (3)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.153 0 TD -0.0028 Tc [(\(3\))-994.8(\()-1(3\))-1243.2(3)-1595.6(3)-1686(3)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 11.1417 0 TD 1.653 Tc [(3)-308.7(3)-135.6(333)-165.7(3)-331.3(3)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 16.3436 0 TD 0 Tc (3)Tj /F2 1 Tf 2.4843 0 TD (3)Tj -29.6383 -1.1217 TD (4)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.153 0 TD 1.5702 Tc [(44)-22.6(4)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 6.3462 0 TD 0 Tc (4)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.3111 0 TD 1.9617 Tc [(44)173.1(4)639.9(\()1963.5(4)1964.8(\))]TJ /F2 1 Tf -8.6574 -1.1292 TD 0 Tc (5)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.0702 0 TD (5)Tj /F2 1 Tf 2.0928 0 TD (5)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.1832 0 TD 1.8111 Tc (55)Tj /F2 1 Tf -4.276 -1.1217 TD 0 Tc (6)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.0928 0 TD 1.6832 Tc [(66)-127.9(6)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD 1.3444 Tc [(7\()1346.2(7)1347.5(\))]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 28.794 78.7411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 355.2 771.675 Tm -0.0001 Tc [(T)83.9(A)-0.8(BLE)-330.1(3)3(.)-502.9(P)-1.2(ROPER)57.1(T)1.1(IES)-332.4(O)-0.8(F)-332.4(A)-0.8(CTINIDE)-330.1(M)0.6(ET)83.9(ALS)]TJ ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 308.754 766.761 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 746.415 Tm -0.001 Tc [(Element)-4202.2(M)-0.3(elting)-336.6(point,)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 417.72 750.135 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 420.96 746.415 Tm (C)Tj 3.6813 1.1292 TD -0.0012 Tc [(Heat)-333(of)-338.2(vaporization,)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -0.5947 -1.1292 TD 0.0015 Tc (H)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 458.16 745.215 Tm 0 Tc (v)Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 461.64 746.415 Tm -0.0008 Tc [(,)-330.5(k)2.3(J/mol)-340.1(\()1(kcal/mol\))]TJ 10.5846 1.1292 TD -0.0007 Tc (Boiling)Tj -0.3614 -1.1292 TD -0.0017 Tc (point,)Tj /F5 1 Tf 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 564.1799 750.135 Tm 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 567.42 746.415 Tm (C)Tj ET q 264.06 0 0 -0.54 308.754 740.901 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 308.76 729.855 Tm -0.0015 Tc [(actinium)-5532.1(1100)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 11.247 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0012 0 TD -0.003 Tc [(50)-6835.4(293)-338.6(\(70\))]TJ -12.2483 -1.1217 TD -0.0026 Tc [(thorium)-6986.1(1750)-7700.7(564)-338.2(\(130\))-6452.4(3850)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0016 Tc [(protactinium)-5042.9(1575)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0026 Tc [(uranium)-6820.5(1132)-7196.4(446.4)-345.8(\()-0.8(106.7\))-5458.7(3818)]TJ T* -0.0022 Tc [(neptunium)-5261.8(637)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 11.2471 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0012 0 TD -0.003 Tc [(2)-7083.8(418)-338.6(\(100\))-6452.8(3900)]TJ -12.2483 -1.1292 TD -0.0025 Tc [(plutonium)-6293.4(646)-7700.6(333.5)-345.7(\()-0.7(79.7\))-5699.5(3235)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0022 Tc [(americium)-5871.5(1173)-7948.8(230)-337.8(\(55\))-6700.5(2011)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD -0.0026 Tc [(curium)-7317.4(1345)-7821.2(386)-345.8(\(92.2\))-6076(3110)]TJ 0 -1.1217 TD -0.0018 Tc [(berkelium)-6097(1050)]TJ 0 -1.1292 TD [(californium)-4621.4(900)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 10.9986 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0012 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (30)Tj -11.9999 -1.1217 TD -0.0011 Tc [(einsteinium)-4613.2(860)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 10.9986 0 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.0012 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (30)Tj ET q 264.06 0 0 -1.02 308.754 633.7411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT /F2 1 Tf 8.7173 0 0 8.7173 308.76 604.035 Tm -0.0006 Tc [(T)74.5(r)-4(a)-3(n)-2.1(s)-3.9(a)-3(c)-4(t)2(inide)-4(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 0 -1.3559 TD 0.0023 Tc [(The)-317.7(e)-1.1(l)5(e)-1.1(ment)5(s)-317.6(b)-0.1(eyond)-309.9(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-324.6(act)5(i)5(n)-0.1(i)5(d)-0.1(es)-310.7(i)5(n)-330.5(t)5(h)-0.1(e)-317.7(p)-0.1(eri)5(odi)5(c)-324.6(t)5(abl)5(e)-317.7(can)-316.7(be)-324.6(t)5(e)-1.1(rmed)-316.7(t)5(h)-0.1(e)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0025 Tc [(t)5.2(r)5.1(ansact)5.2(i)5.2(n)0.1(i)5.2(d)0.1(es.)-236.2(T)0.9(hese)-241.8(begi)5.2(n)-247.7(w)1.8(i)5.2(t)5.2(h)-254.6(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-248.7(e)-0.9(l)5.2(e)-0.9(ment)-242.6(havi)5.2(ng)-240.8(t)5.2(h)0.1(e)-255.5(a)-0.9(t)5.2(o)0.1(mi)5.2(c)-248.7(number)-242.7(104)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0026 Tc [(and)-330.2(e)-0.8(xt)5.3(end,)-325.6(i)5.3(n)-344(pri)5.3(n)0.2(ci)5.3(pl)5.3(e,)-332.4(i)5.3(ndeni)5.3(t)5.3(e)-0.8(l)5.3(y)0.2(.)-332.4(A)1.9(l)5.3(t)5.3(hough)-330.2(onl)5.3(y)-337.1(s)-0.7(even)-323.3(such)-330.2(el)5.3(ement)5.3(s)-0.7(,)]TJ T* 0.0014 Tc [(numbers)-449.3(104)-90.5()-90.5(110)-441.5(were)-456.2(deni)4.1(t)4.1(e)-2(l)4.1(y)-448.4(known)-448.4(i)4.1(n)-462.2(2003,)-443.8(\(Rut)4.1(herfordi)4.1(u)-1(m)-459.5(104,)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0022 Tc [(Dubni)4.9(um)-355.5(105,)-353.5(Seabor)25.5(gi)4.9(um)-348.6(106,)-360.4(Bohri)4.9(u)-0.2(m)-355.5(107,)-353.5(Hassi)4.9(um)-355.5(108,)-353.5(Mei)4.9(t)4.9(n)-0.2(eri)4.9(u)-0.2(m)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0017 Tc [(109,)-278.3(and)-282.9(D)1(armst)4.4(a)-1.7(dt)4.4(i)4.4(u)-0.7(m)-280.2(110\),)-285.2(t)4.4(here)-283.9(are)-290.8(good)-276.1(prospect)4.4(s)-276.9(f)4.3(or)-291.6(t)4.4(h)-0.7(e)-283.9(d)-0.7(i)4.4(s)-1.6(covery)-276.1(of)]TJ 0 -1.1357 TD 0.0024 Tc [(a)-338.2(number)-325.3(o)0(f)-332.2(a)-1(ddi)5.1(t)5.1(i)5.1(onal)-325.3(e)-1(l)5.1(e)-1(ment)5.1(s)-331.3(j)5.1(ust)-332.2(b)0(eyond)-323.5(number)-325.3(110)-330.4(or)-339.1(i)5.1(n)-337.3(t)5.1(h)0(e)-338.2(r)5(egi)5.1(o)0(n)]TJ 0 -1.1425 TD 0.0021 Tc [(of)-270.6(l)4.8(a)-1.3(r)25.4(g)-0.3(er)-277.5(at)4.8(omi)4.8(c)-276.6(numbers.)-264.1(T)0.5(hey)-268.8(a)-1.3(re)-276.6(synt)4.8(hesi)4.8(zed)-255(by)-275.7(t)4.8(h)-0.3(e)-276.6(bomunderl)4.8(i)4.8(n)-0.3(edment)]TJ T* 0.0029 Tc [(of)-324.8(heavy)-323(nucl)5.6(i)5.6(d)0.5(es)-317(wi)5.6(t)5.6(h)-336.8(heavy)-316.1(i)5.6(ons.)-325.3(S)1.4(ee)-330.8(al)5.6(so)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 18.3563 0 TD 0.0016 Tc [(Chemi)4.3(c)-1.8(al)-326.1(El)4.3(ement)4.2(s)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.3419 0 TD 0 Tc (.)Tj 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482.235 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(pale)-332.6(green)-20143.3(hexagonal)-10706.8(L)0(a)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 440.34 481.035 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 443.64 482.235 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 449.4 481.035 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 538.44 482.235 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(12)-7.1(.69)]TJ -63.944 -1.1292 TD 0.003 Tc (Cf)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 36.78 472.035 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.08 473.235 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.84 472.035 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 119.4 473.235 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(lime)-339.8(g)2.2(reen)-19887.1(monoclinic)-10691(C)-3.9(2)2.2(/)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 40.8402 0 TD 0 Tc (m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 11.7364 0 TD -0.0027 Tc [(12)-7.1(.37)]TJ -63.944 -1.1217 TD 0.003 Tc (Cf)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 36.78 463.095 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.08 464.295 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.84 463.095 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 119.88 464.295 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(pale)-332.3(green)-21114.2(cubic)-12264.4(I)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 40.0798 0 TD 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5721 0 TD 11.3643 Tc [(31)11367.4(1)11359.9(.)11365.9(3)11367.4(9)]TJ -52.0797 -1.1292 TD -0.0012 Tc (Es)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 36.78 454.095 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.08 455.295 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.84 454.095 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 455.295 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(white)-21140.4(hexagonal)-10706.8(L)0(a)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 440.34 454.095 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 443.64 455.295 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 449.4 454.095 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 538.44 455.295 Tm -0.0024 Tc [(12)-6.8(.7)]TJ -63.944 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc (Es)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 36.78 445.155 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.08 446.355 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.84 445.155 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 446.355 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(white)-19657(monoclinic)-347.4(C)-3.9(2)2.2(/)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 28.1553 0 TD 0 Tc (m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 10.1856 0 TD 0.003 Tc [(C2)6.1(/)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 1.4454 0 TD 0 Tc (m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 11.7364 0 TD -0.0024 Tc [(12)-6.8(.4)]TJ -63.944 -1.1292 TD -0.0012 Tc (Es)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 36.78 436.155 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.08 437.355 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.84 436.155 Tm (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 437.355 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(white)-22111(cubic)-12264.2(I)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 39.0861 0 TD 0 Tc (a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5721 0 TD 11.3643 Tc [(31)11367.4(1)11359.9(.)11365.9(7)11367.4(9)]TJ -52.0797 -1.1217 TD -0.0022 Tc (ThO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 43.38 427.215 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 428.415 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(white)-9983.9(ca)-332.8(3050)-8919.1(cubic)-11527.1()-2.5(uorite)-10623.8(10)-5.8(.00)]TJ -12.4214 -1.1217 TD 0.0007 Tc (PaO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 418.2751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 419.475 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(black)-22138.4(cubic)-11527()-2.4(uorite)-10623.7(10)-5.7(.45)]TJ -12.4515 -1.1292 TD 0.0007 Tc (UO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 40.32 409.275 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 112.08 410.475 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(brown)-344.8(t)-2.1(o)-337.2(b)1.5(lack)-8618.2(2875)-9529.1(cubic)-11527.3()-2.7(uorite)-10624(10)-6(.95)]TJ -10.4491 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc (NpO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.28 400.3351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 117.84 401.535 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(apple)-340.2(g)1.8(reen)-20866.2(cubic)-11527()-2.4(uorite)-10623.7(11)-5.7(.14)]TJ -11.1718 -1.1292 TD -0.001 Tc (PuO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.96 391.3351 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 99.72 392.535 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(yellow-green)-344.5(to)-337(brown)-7067.2(2400)-9528.9(cubic)-11527.1()-2.5(uorite)-10623.8(11)-5.8(.46)]TJ -8.8983 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc (AmO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 46.5 382.3951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 383.595 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(black)-22138.4(cubic)-11527()-2.4(uorite)-10623.7(11)-5.7(.68)]TJ -12.4515 -1.1292 TD 0.003 Tc [(Cm)5.6(O)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 46.08 373.3951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 374.595 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(black)-22138.4(cubic)-11527()-2.4(uorite)-10623.7(11)-5.7(.92)]TJ -12.4515 -1.1217 TD 0.003 Tc [(Bk)6.1(O)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 43.86 364.455 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 109.68 365.655 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(yellowis)-3.8(h)1.8(-brown)-19842.3(cubic)-11527()-2.4(uorite)-10623.7(12)-5.7(.31)]TJ -10.1479 -1.1217 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 355.515 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 356.715 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(black)-22138.4(cubic)-11527()-2.4(uorite)-10623.7(12)-5.7(.46)]TJ -12.4515 -1.1292 TD 0.0011 Tc (Pa)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 36.78 346.515 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 40.08 347.715 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.84 346.515 Tm (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 347.715 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(white)-22111(cubic)-9998.2()-1.8(uorite-related)-9099.1(1)2.4(1.14)]TJ -12.4214 -1.1217 TD 0.0007 Tc (Np)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 38.52 337.575 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 41.82 338.775 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 47.58 337.575 Tm (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 118.08 338.775 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(dark)-336.7(brown)-19729.2(m)1.5(onoclinic)-10608.4(P2)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 441.12 337.575 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 444.42 338.775 Tm -0.0033 Tc (/c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.2935 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(8.)6(1)7.5(8)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6098 0 TD -0.0018 Tc (-U)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.06 328.575 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 45.36 329.775 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 51.12 328.575 Tm (8)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 117.9 329.775 Tm -0.0017 Tc [(black-green)-8159.1(1150)-344.9(\(dec\))-6684.9(orthorhombic)-10006.8(C)-4.7(2)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 40.524 0 TD 0.0007 Tc (mm)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.7376 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(8.)6(3)7.5(9)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -64.4409 -1.1217 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6324 0 TD -0.0018 Tc (-U)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.24 319.635 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 45.54 320.835 Tm (O)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 51.3 319.635 Tm (8)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 117.9 320.835 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(black-green)-19225.3(orthorhombic)-10036.8(C)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 40.0572 0 TD 0.0005 Tc (mcm)Tj /F1 1 Tf 13.2044 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(8.)6(3)7.5(2)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -64.4409 -1.1292 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6625 0 TD -0.0006 Tc (-UO)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 48.24 310.635 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 125.82 311.835 Tm -0.0021 Tc [(orange)-9412.4(650)-337.7(\(dec\))-6941.3(orthorhombic)-10270.6(F)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 39.184 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (ddd)Tj /F1 1 Tf 13.0839 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(8)7.5(0)]TJ -64.4409 -1.1217 TD 0.001 Tc (AmCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 48.3 301.695 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 302.895 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(black)-20497.6(orthorhombic)-8470.9(P)]TJ /F3 1 Tf 37.1062 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (bnm)Tj /F1 1 Tf 2.1305 0 TD -0.0002 Tc (\(PbCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 459.36 301.695 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 462.66 302.895 Tm 9.6719 Tc [(\)6)9667.5(.)9673.5(7)9675(8)]TJ -54.436 -1.1292 TD 0.0018 Tc (CfCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.34 292.695 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 120.3 293.895 Tm -0.0015 Tc [(red-amber)-22042.1(?)]TJ -11.4804 -1.1217 TD 0.001 Tc (AmBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 48.72 283.755 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 284.955 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(black)-21219.6(tetragonal)-9456.8(S)-2(rB)-3.9(r)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 436.62 283.755 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 442.56 284.955 Tm -0.0017 Tc (\(P4/)Tj /F3 1 Tf 1.6637 0 TD 0 Tc (n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.5721 0 TD 9.958 Tc [(\)7)9953.6(.)9959.6(0)9961.1(0)]TJ -54.1499 -1.1217 TD 0.0018 Tc (CfBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.76 274.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 126.72 276.0151 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(amber)-21055.8(t)-1.9(etragonal)-10910.2(S)-2.5(rB)-4.4(r)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 448.2 274.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 276.0151 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(2)7.5(2)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD -0.0022 Tc (ThI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 40.26 265.8151 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.6 267.0151 Tm -0.0018 Tc [(gold)-21363.5(h)1.3(exagonal)-9999.7(P)-2.9(6)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 434.7 265.8151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 438 267.0151 Tm 0.0019 Tc [(/)-47.5(mmc)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 13.099 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(4)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc (AmI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 43.38 256.8751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 258.0751 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(black)-10259(ca)-340.2(700)-7993(monoclinic)-9178.3(EuI)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 432.78 256.8751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 438.78 258.0751 Tm -0.0004 Tc (\(P2)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 449.82 256.8751 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 453.18 258.0751 Tm -0.0033 Tc (/c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.9335 0 TD 9.9279 Tc [(\)6)9923.5(.)9929.5(6)9931(0)]TJ -54.18 -1.2271 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39.42 247.0951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.62 248.2951 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(violet)-21111(hexagonal)-9382.2(C)-4.6(dI)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 433.32 247.0951 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 439.26 248.2951 Tm -0.0018 Tc (\(P)Tj ET q 4.02 0 0 -0.42 446.334 255.2611 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 446.34 248.2951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.5044 0 TD (m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc [(1\))-9938.5(6)-7.5(.)-1.5(63)]TJ -53.6756 -1.2196 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39.42 237.3751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.62 238.5751 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(violet)-20358.2(rhombohedral)-8531.5(C)-4.6(d)1.5(C)-4.6(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 437.34 237.3751 Tm 0 Tc (2)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 443.28 238.5751 Tm -0.0018 Tc (\(R)Tj ET q 4.02 0 0 -0.42 451.254 245.5411 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 451.26 238.5751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.4969 0 TD (m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD 9.8225 Tc [(\)6)9818.1(.)9824.1(5)9825.6(8)]TJ -54.2854 -1.2196 TD 0.0005 Tc (AcF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 227.6551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 228.8551 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(white)-21636.7(trigonal)-9983.6(L)0.5(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 435.06 227.6551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 441 228.8551 Tm -0.0018 Tc (\(P)Tj ET q 4.02 0 0 -0.42 448.074 235.7611 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 448.08 228.8551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.4969 0 TD (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4667 0 TD -0.0031 Tc [(1\))-10043.9(7)-7.5(.)-1.5(88)]TJ -53.5702 -1.1292 TD 0.0007 Tc (UF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39 218.6551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 128.04 219.8551 Tm -0.0004 Tc (black)Tj /F6 1 Tf 11.2696 0 TD 0 Tc (>)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.7829 0 TD -0.0031 Tc (1140)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.9874 0 TD 0.0227 Tc [(\()19.3(d)-49.4(ec\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.7866 0 TD -0.0011 Tc [(trigonal)-11489.6(L)0.1(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 218.6551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 219.8551 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(8.)6(9)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc (NpF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.96 209.7151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 126.48 210.9151 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(purple)-21479.5(t)-2.1(rigonal)-11490.1(L)-0.4(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 209.7151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 210.9151 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(9.)6(1)7.5(2)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD -0.001 Tc (PuF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.64 200.7151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 126.48 201.9151 Tm -0.0018 Tc [(purple)-10436(1425)-9055(trigonal)-11490.3(L)-0.6(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 200.7151 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 201.9151 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(9.)6(3)7.5(3)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc (AmF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.18 191.7751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.6 192.9751 Tm -0.0018 Tc [(pink)-10816.6(1393)-9055(trigonal)-11490.3(L)-0.6(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 191.7751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 192.9751 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(9.)6(5)7.5(3)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.003 Tc [(Cm)5.6(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.76 182.7751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 183.9751 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(white)-10593.6(1406)-9054.5(trigonal)-11489.8(L)-0.1(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 182.7751 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 183.9751 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(9.)6(8)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.003 Tc [(Bk)6.1(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 173.8351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 115.68 175.0351 Tm -0.0015 Tc [(yellow-green)-18946.7(orthorhombic)-8832.2(Y)-2.2(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 432.42 173.8351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 438.36 175.0351 Tm -0.0018 Tc (\(P)Tj /F3 1 Tf 0.8883 0 TD -0.0012 Tc (nma)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.7917 0 TD 10.0408 Tc [(\)9)10036.4(.)10042.4(7)10043.9(0)]TJ -54.0671 -1.1292 TD 0.003 Tc [(Bk)6.1(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 164.8351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 115.68 166.0351 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(yellow-green)-20112.9(trigonal)-11489.4(L)0.3(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 164.8351 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 538.44 166.0351 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(10)-7.1(.15)]TJ -63.944 -1.1217 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.22 155.8951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 119.22 157.0951 Tm -0.0017 Tc [(light)-333.5(green)-19391(orthorhombic)-10503.6(Y)-2.4(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 445.74 155.8951 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 157.0951 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(9.)6(8)7.5(8)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.22 146.955 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 119.22 148.1551 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(light)-333(green)-20557.4(trigonal)-11489.7(L)0(aF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.06 146.955 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 538.44 148.1551 Tm -0.0027 Tc [(10)-7.1(.28)]TJ -63.944 -1.1292 TD 0.0017 Tc (AcCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.66 137.955 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 139.1551 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(white)-21140.4(hexagonal)-9058.1(U)-1.9(C)-4.2(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 432.12 137.955 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 438.06 139.1551 Tm -0.0004 Tc (\(P6)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 449.1 137.955 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 452.4 139.1551 Tm 0.0494 Tc [(/m)47.5(\))]TJ /F1 1 Tf 11.2922 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(4.)6(8)7.5(1)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0019 Tc (UCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.12 129.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 130.2151 Tm -0.0018 Tc [(green)-10846.7(835)-8806.6(hexagonal)-10617(P)-2.9(6)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 439.62 129.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 442.98 130.2151 Tm 0.0494 Tc (/m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.4741 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(5.)6(5)7.5(0)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.0009 Tc (NpCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 46.08 120.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 121.2151 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(green)-10236.7(ca)-340.5(800)-8189.1(hexagonal)-10970.6(U)-2.3(C)-4.6(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 447.36 120.015 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 121.2151 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(5.)6(6)7.5(0)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.001 Tc (PuCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.76 111.075 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 113.64 112.2751 Tm -0.0014 Tc 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Tc (AmI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 43.38 547.695 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.14 548.895 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(yellow)-20027.4(o)1.2(rthorhombic)-9766(P)-3(uB)-4.9(r)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 445.8 547.695 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 548.895 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(9)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.003 Tc [(Cm)5.6(I)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.96 538.695 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 539.895 Tm -0.001 Tc [(white)-20944.4(hexagonal)-10811.9(B)-4(iI)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 538.695 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 539.895 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(4)7.5(0)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.003 Tc [(Bk)6.1(I)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 40.74 529.755 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.14 530.955 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(yellow)-20696.6(h)2(exagonal)-10812(B)-4.1(iI)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 529.755 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 530.955 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(0)7.5(2)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39.42 520.7551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 120.72 521.9551 Tm -0.0017 Tc [(red-orange)-19906.3(hexagonal)-10812.6(B)-4.7(iI)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 520.7551 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 521.9551 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(0)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0007 Tc (EsI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39.42 511.815 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 102.78 513.015 Tm -0.0013 Tc [(amber)-338.3(t)-1.8(o)-336.9(light)-333.1(yellow)-17648(h)1.8(exagonal)-10812.2(B)-4.3(iI)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 511.815 Tm 0 Tc (3)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 513.015 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(1)7.5(8)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD -0.0022 Tc (ThF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.06 502.815 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 504.015 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(white)-10751.5(1068)-8008(monoclinic)-9328.7(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 432.48 502.815 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 435.72 504.015 Tm -0.0013 Tc (\(C2/)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.7766 0 TD 0 Tc (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4667 0 TD 10.8086 Tc [(\)6)10804.2(.)10810.2(2)10811.7(0)]TJ -53.2992 -1.1217 TD 0.0007 Tc (PaF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.22 493.8751 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 114.72 495.075 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(reddis)-3.7(h)1.9(-brown)-18961.4(monoclinic)-10616(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 493.8751 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 495.075 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(3)7.5(8)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.0007 Tc (UF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39 484.8751 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 486.075 Tm -0.0015 Tc [(green)-11004.5(960)-8256.7(monoclinic)-10503.4(C)-4.5(2)1.6(/)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 39.4023 0 TD 0 Tc (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.4515 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(7)7.5(3)]TJ -64.4409 -1.1217 TD -0.0012 Tc (NpF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.96 475.9351 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 477.135 Tm -0.0009 Tc [(green)-20752.8(monoclinic)-10615.7(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 475.9351 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 477.135 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(8)7.5(6)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD -0.001 Tc (PuF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.64 466.9951 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 468.195 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(brown)-10590.5(1037)-8008.4(monoclinic)-10616.4(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 466.9951 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 468.195 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(0)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD -0.001 Tc (AmF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 45.18 457.9951 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 133.08 459.195 Tm -0.0006 Tc [(tan)-21249.4(m)2(onoclinic)-10615.4(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 457.9951 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 459.195 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(2)7.5(3)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.003 Tc [(Cm)5.6(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.76 449.0551 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 112.08 450.255 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(light)-340.5(gray-green)-18622.7(monoclinic)-10616(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 449.0551 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 450.255 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(3)7.5(6)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.003 Tc [(Bk)6.1(F)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 440.0551 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 108.96 441.255 Tm -0.0008 Tc [(pale)-339.7(yellow-green)-18230.8(monoclinic)-10615.6(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 440.0551 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 441.255 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(5)7.5(5)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0006 Tc (CfF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.22 431.1151 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 120.48 432.315 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(light)-340.4(green)-19669(monoclinic)-10615.9(UF)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 442.74 431.1151 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 432.315 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(7.)6(5)7.5(7)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6098 0 TD -0.0008 Tc (-ThCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 52.68 422.1151 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 423.315 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(white)-20275(orthorhombic)-23941.2(4)-6(.12)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -12.587 -1.1217 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6324 0 TD -0.0008 Tc (-ThCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 52.86 413.175 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 414.375 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(white)-11000(770)-8504.9(tetragonal)-8523.6(U)-1.9(C)-4.2(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 427.2 413.175 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 430.5 414.375 Tm -0.0018 Tc (\(I4)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 439.74 413.175 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 443.04 414.375 Tm -0.0033 Tc [(/a)-45.3(m)-5.2(d)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 2.3638 0 TD 9.7698 Tc [(\)4)9765.4(.)9771.4(6)9772.9(0)]TJ -54.3381 -1.1292 TD 0.0018 Tc (PaCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.34 404.175 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 112.26 405.375 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(greenis)-3.7(h-yellow)-18905.1(t)-1.7(etragonal)-10669.1(U)-1.9(C)-4.2(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 444.3 404.175 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 405.375 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(4.)6(7)7.5(2)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0019 Tc (UCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.12 395.235 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 396.435 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(green)-11004.4(590)-8505.1(tetragonal)-9901.4(I)0.4(4)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 431.46 395.235 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 434.76 396.435 Tm -0.0033 Tc [(/a)-45.3(m)-5.2(d)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 13.5055 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(4.)6(8)7.5(9)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0009 Tc (NpCl)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 46.08 386.295 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 121.38 387.495 Tm -0.0016 Tc [(red-brown)-10041(518)-8505.3(tetragonal)-10669.5(U)-2.3(C)-4.6(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 444.3 386.295 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 387.495 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(4.)6(9)7.5(6)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6098 0 TD -0.0008 Tc (-ThBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 53.1 377.295 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 378.495 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(white)-20996.8(tetragonal)-10578.3(I)1.1(4)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 436.86 377.295 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 440.16 378.495 Tm -0.0033 Tc (/a)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.828 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(5.)6(9)7.5(4)]TJ /F6 1 Tf -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0 Tc ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6324 0 TD -0.0008 Tc (-ThBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 53.28 368.355 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 369.5551 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(white)-20996.8(tetragonal)-10668.6(U)-1.4(C)-3.7(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 444.3 368.355 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 369.5551 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(5.)6(7)7.5(7)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1292 TD 0.0018 Tc (PaBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 44.76 359.355 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 120.72 360.5551 Tm -0.0014 Tc [(orange-red)-19955.3(t)-1.9(etragonal)-10669.3(U)-2.1(C)-4.4(l)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 444.3 359.355 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 542.4 360.5551 Tm 0.0044 Tc [(5.)6(9)7.5(0)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0019 Tc (UBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 42.54 350.415 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.8 351.6151 Tm -0.0019 Tc [(brown)-10839.3(519)-8257.1(monoclinic)-10368.3(2/)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 38.7624 0 TD 0 Tc (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4667 0 TD -0.0007 Tc (-/-)Tj -51.6506 -1.1292 TD 0.0009 Tc (NpBr)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 46.5 341.415 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 124.44 342.6151 Tm -0.0017 Tc [(dark)-344.9(red)-10417.5(464)-8256.9(monoclinic)-10368.1(2/)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 39.184 0 TD 0 Tc (c)Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.4667 0 TD -0.0007 Tc (-/-)Tj -51.6506 -1.1217 TD -0.0022 Tc (ThI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 40.26 332.475 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 127.14 333.675 Tm -0.0012 Tc [(yellow)-10752.1(556)-8256.4(monoclinic)-10186.9(P2)]TJ 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 437.52 332.475 Tm 0 Tc (1)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 440.82 333.675 Tm 0.0494 Tc (/n)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.7451 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(6.)6(0)7.5(0)]TJ -64.4408 -1.1217 TD 0.0007 Tc (PaI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 39.42 323.535 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.3 324.735 Tm -0.0004 Tc (black)Tj -12.6096 -1.1292 TD 0.0007 Tc (UI)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 37.2 314.535 Tm 0 Tc (4)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.3 315.735 Tm -0.0004 Tc (black)Tj -12.6096 -1.2196 TD 0.0007 Tc (PaF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 41.22 304.815 Tm 0 Tc (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.12 306.015 Tm -0.0007 Tc [(white)-20996.8(tetragonal)-10751.4(I)]TJ ET q 4.02 0 0 -0.42 434.274 312.9211 cm /Im1 Do Q BT 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 434.2802 306.015 Tm 0.0044 Tc (42)Tj /F6 1 Tf 1.0012 0 TD 0 Tc (d)Tj -51.8764 -1.1292 TD ()Tj /F1 1 Tf 0.6098 0 TD -0.0006 Tc (-UF)Tj 5.5781 0 0 5.5781 46.5 295.815 Tm 0 Tc (5)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 116.04 297.015 Tm -0.0011 Tc [(grayis)-3.6(h)-336.7(w)-1.8(hite)-19363.6(tetragonal)-10759.3(I)0.7(4/)]TJ /F6 1 Tf 40.7122 0 TD 0 Tc (m)Tj /F1 1 Tf 12.7828 0 TD 0.0044 Tc [(5.)6(8)7.5(1