Victimology: Canadians in Context

Paperback | February 18, 2016

byHannah Scott

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Victimology: Canadians in Context outlines the ways in which victims are created, defined, measured, understood, and supported in Canada today. Through an exploration of classic and contemporary theory, paired with an examination of Canadian research data and statistical analysis, this textoffers a uniquely Canadian perspective on the study of victims and victimology. Incorporating new data from the 2014 General Social Survey on Victimization and other sources throughout, the second edition of Victimology is an up-to-date and essential resource for anyone seeking to fully understandthe experiences of victims in Canada.

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Victimology: Canadians in Context outlines the ways in which victims are created, defined, measured, understood, and supported in Canada today. Through an exploration of classic and contemporary theory, paired with an examination of Canadian research data and statistical analysis, this textoffers a uniquely Canadian perspective on the ...

Hannah Scott is a Professor in the Faculty of Social Science and Humanities and a founding faculty member of the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT). She received her undergraduate degrees in psychology and sociology from McMaster University and her Master's in sociology from the University of Guelph. Her Doctorate in ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:360 pages, 9 × 7 × 0.72 inPublished:February 18, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199014639

ISBN - 13:9780199014637

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgementsPrefaceIntroduction: Who Is a Victim?Definitions of VictimPublic Order CrimesDefinitions of VictimologyOrganization of the Text1. Understanding VictimologyIntroductionA Historic View of the Role of the VictimThe Victims' Movement in CanadaCanadian Trends in Victimization2. Measuring VictimizationIntroductionTypes of VictimsMeasuring VictimizationSurveys Examining Victims of CrimePolice Data SurveysNon-Government SurveysDifferences in Measurement: Asking the Best Questions Possible3. Typologies of Victim-Victimizer InteractionIntroductionThe Early VictimologistsCriticism of Early Victimology TypologiesVictim PrecipitationFive Problems with Victim PrecipitationVictim Provocation, Victim Facilitation, and Victim Participation and/or Co-operationCriticisms of the New Terms4. Criminological Theories and the VictimIntroductionTheory and Perspective: Classical CriminologyThe Criminal Event PerspectiveRational Choice Theories: The TransactionTheory and Perspective: Positivist TheoriesFeminist/Critical CriminologySchool of Thought: Social Reaction Theories - The Aftermath5. Criminal Event: HomicideIntroductionDefinition of Homicide in CanadaRisk of Homicide Victimization in CanadaGender and Homicide VictimizationRelationship between Victim and OffenderHomicide among YouthAboriginal Peoples as Homicide VictimsThree Theories of HomicideMultiple Homicide VictimsSecondary Victims of Homicide6. Criminal Event: Sexual AssaultIntroductionA Brief History of Rape and Sexual AssaultLegal Definitions of Sexual AssaultSexual Assault Victimization Reported in the Canadian General Social Survey (GSS)Reasons for Not Reporting Sexual AssaultResponses by the Criminal Justice SystemConflicting Prevention Advice to Potential VictimsCanadian Case Law Protecting the Victim: R. v. Seaboyer and R. v. GaymeCrisis CentresSexual Assault of MalesCan We Prevent Sexual Assault?7. Criminal Event: Family ViolenceIntroductionWhat Is Domestic/Family Violence?Family Violence: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)IPV and the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS)Child Witnesses to IPV and Other Forms of Family ViolenceIntimate TerrorismMotivation for IPVThe Law and IPVBattered Woman SyndromeResponses Options for Victims of Intimate Partner ViolenceEffectiveness of the Options Offered by the Criminal Justice System for IPVVictimsThe Role of Coercive ControlOther Forms of Family Violence - Children and YouthOther Forms of Family Violence - The ElderlyThe Role of Intersectionality8. Criminal Event: Fraud and White-Collar CrimeIntroductionWhite-Collar VictimizationPrevalence of Fraud VictimizationDifficulties in Measuring Fraud VictimizationLetter, Phone, and Internet ScamsOther Types of ScamsWhy Do Victims Fall for these Scams?Victim Recourse and Prevention9. Issue: Aboriginal Peoples of Canada and VictimizationIntroductionAboriginal Peoples in CanadaThe Development of the Residential School SystemVictimization Trends among Aboriginal Peoples in CanadaThe Victimization of Aboriginal Peoples in CanadaThe Role of Risk FactorsAboriginal Resilience10. Issue: Vulnerable Populations and VictimizationIntroductionVulnerable PopulationsVictimization of the HomelessResidents of Total InstitutionsVictimization of People with DisabilitiesReporting VictimizationExplaining High Rates of Victimization among Vulnerable Populations11. Issue: Bullying and Victimization in Public and Private Spaces over the Life CourseIntroductionThe Criminal Event PerspectivePerceived and Actual Risk of Victimization over the Life CourseVictimization in the Private SphereVictimization in the Public SpherePrevention12. Aftermath: Victims in the Criminal Justice SystemIntroductionComparing Restorative and Retributive SystemsThe Canadian Criminal Justice SystemThe Effectiveness of the Criminal Justice SystemVictim Impact StatementsVictim Satisfaction with the Criminal Justice SystemVictim Services in CanadaVictim Restitution and CompensationRestorative Justice PracticeThreats to Restorative Justice PracticeEffectiveness of Restorative Justice Programs for VictimsRestorative Justice and Secondary Victims of HomicideAcceptance of Restorative Justice in CanadaCriticisms of Restorative Justice MethodsVictims' Bill of RightsRegistering as a Victim with Corrections Canada13. Aftermath: Resilience and RecoveryIntroductionVictimization and Secondary VictimizationReactions to Victimization: FearReactions to Victimization: StressPost-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Developmental Trauma DisorderOther After-Effects of VictimizationSupport Networks and Secondary Victims of CrimeRecovery and ResilienceGlossaryReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"[Victimology] initially defines the 'victims' and places them in a contextual framework within which they can establish a true sense of autonomy. . . . I really like its emphasis on Canadian content and almost seamlessly smooth transition to new topics of discussion throughout the entiretextbook." --Frank Lavandier, University of Prince Edward Island