Victors And Vanquished: Spanish And Nahua Views Of The Conquest Of Mexico

Paperback | November 15, 2000

byStuart B. Schwartz

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In 1519 Hernán Cortés and a small band of Spanish conquistadors overthrew the mighty Mexican empire of the Aztecs. Using excerpts primarily drawn from Bernal Diaz's 1632 account of the Spanish victory and testimonies — many recently uncovered — of indigenous Nahua survivors, Victors and Vanquished clearly demonstrates how personal interests, class and ethnic biases, and political considerations influenced the interpretation of momentous events. A substantial introduction is followed by 9 chronological sections that illuminate the major events and personalities in this powerful historical episode and reveal the changing attitudes toward European expansionism. The volume includes a broad array of visual images and maps, a glossary of Spanish and Nahua terms, biographical notes, a chronology, a selected bibliography, questions for consideration, and an index.

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In 1519 Hernán Cortés and a small band of Spanish conquistadors overthrew the mighty Mexican empire of the Aztecs. Using excerpts primarily drawn from Bernal Diaz's 1632 account of the Spanish victory and testimonies — many recently uncovered — of indigenous Nahua survivors, Victors and Vanquished clearly demonstrates how personal inte...

STUART B. SCHWARTZ is George Burton Adams Professor of History at Yale University. His scholary work concentrates on the early history of Latin America and the history of Brazil. He is the author of Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (1992) and Sugar Plantations and the Formation of Brazilian Society: Bahia ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:271 pages, 8.2 × 5.53 × 0.44 inPublished:November 15, 2000Publisher:Bedford/St. Martin'sLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0312393555

ISBN - 13:9780312393557

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Table of Contents

Foreword  

Preface
Note on Sources and Conventions Used

List of Maps and Illustrations
    
PART ONE

Introduction: Civilizations in Conflict
    
    A Long Tradition: The Indigenous Peoples of Mesoamerica
    Tenochtitlan: The Foundation of Heaven
    Mexica Civilization and Society
    Renaissance Conquerors
    The Spanish Sources
    The Indigenous Historical Traditions
    
PART TWO

The Documents
    
  1. Forebodings and Omens
    Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex
    Fray Martín de Jesús de la Coruña, Popular Auguries and Prophetic Dreams
    Diego Durán, From The History of the Indies of New Spain
    
  2. Preparations
    Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    Hernán Cortés, Letters to King Charles V
    
  3. Encounters
    Hernán Cortés, Letter to King Charles V
    Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex
    
  4. The March Inland: Tlaxcala and Cholula
    Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    Andrés de Tapia, Another Spanish View of the Cholula Massacre
    Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex
    From the Lienzo de Tlaxcala
    
  5. Tenochtitlan
    Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex
    Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    
  6. Things Fall Apart: Toxcatl and the Noche Triste
    Francisco López de Gómara, from Istoria de la conquista de Mexico
    From the Floretine Codex and the Codex Aubin
    Bernal Díaz, From The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex
    
  7. The Siege and Fall of Tenochtitlan
    From Chronicles of Michoacán
    Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, from the Florentine Codex
    Jornada
    Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    From Cantares mexicanos
    
  8. Aftermath: Tradition and Transformation
    Bernal Díaz, from The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
    From the Codex Mendoza
    The Shape of the Land: The Codex Mendoza and the

Relaciónes geográficas
     Don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin, The Death of Cuauhtemoc
     Title of Acalan-Tixel
     Town Council of Huejotzingo, Letter to King Phillip I
     The Annals of Cuauhtinchan
    
APPENDICES

Chronology of the Conquest of Tenochtitlan (1485-1584)
     Questions for Consideration

Biographical Notes
     Glossary of Spanish Terms

Glossary of Nahuatl Terms
     Selected Bibliography
    
    
  Index