Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

Paperback | February 22, 2015

byA.W. Price

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In this illuminating study of the moral psychology of Plato and Aristotle, A. W. Price considers four related areas: eudaimonia, or living and acting well, as the ultimate end of action; virtues of character in relation to the emotions, and to one another; practical reasoning, especially froman end to ways or means; and acrasia, or action that is contrary to the agent's own judgement of what is best. The focal concept is that of eudaimonia, which both Plato and Aristotle view as an abstract goal that is valuable enough to motivate action. Virtue has a double role to play in making itsachievement possible, both in proposing subordinate ends apt to the context, and in protecting the agent against temptations to discard them too easily. For both purposes, Price suggests that virtues need to form a unity - but one that can be conceived in various ways. Among the tasks of deliberation is to work out how, and whether, to pursue some putative end in context. Aristotle returns to early Plato in finding it problematic that one should consciously sacrifice acting well to some incidental attraction; Plato later finds this possible by postulating schismwithin the soul. Price maintains that it is their emphasis upon the centrality of action within human life that makes the reflections of these ancient philosophers perennially relevant.

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In this illuminating study of the moral psychology of Plato and Aristotle, A. W. Price considers four related areas: eudaimonia, or living and acting well, as the ultimate end of action; virtues of character in relation to the emotions, and to one another; practical reasoning, especially froman end to ways or means; and acrasia, or act...

A. W. Price was educated at Winchester and Oxford, and has taught chiefly at York and in London. He has maintained an interest both in current ethical theory, and in the moral psychology of Greek philosophers, especially Plato and Aristotle. This is his fourth book.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:368 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:February 22, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198709358

ISBN - 13:9780198709350

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPART A: EUDAIMONIAA1) PLATO ON EUDAIMONIAA2) ARISTOTLE ON EUDAIMONIAPART B: VIRTUEB1) PLATO ON VIRTUEB2) ARISTOTLE ON VIRTUEPART C: PRACTICAL REASONINGC1) PLATO ON PRACTICAL REASONINGC2) ARISTOTLE ON PRACTICAL REASONINGPART D: ACRASIAD1) PLATO ON ACRASIAD2) ARISTOTLE ON ACRASIAReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"VR is a closely argued and densely packed work which is likely to become an essential point of reference for certain research programmes in Platonic and Aristotelian ethics and moral psychology." --Dylan Futter, Philosophy in Review XXXIII