Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Paperback | June 12, 2012

byThomas E. Hill

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Thomas E. Hill, Jr., interprets, explains, and extends Kant's moral theory in a series of essays that highlight its relevance to contemporary ethics. The book is divided into four sections. The first three essays cover basic themes: they introduce the major aspects of Kant's ethics; explaindifferent interpretations of the Categorical Imperative; and sketch a 'constructivist' reading of Kantian normative ethics distinct from the Kantian constructivisms of Onora O'Neill and John Rawls. The next section is on virtue, and the essays collected here discuss whether it is a virtue to regardthe natural environment as intrinsically valuable, address puzzles about moral weakness, contrast ideas of virtue in Kant's ethics and in 'virtue ethics,' and comment on duties to oneself, second-order duties, and moral motivation in Kant's Doctrine of Virtue. Four essays on moral rules propose human dignity as a guiding value for a system of norms rather than a self-standing test for isolated cases, contrast the Kantian perspectives on moral rules with rule-utilitarianism and then with Jonathan Dancy's moral particularism, and distinguishoften-conflated questions about moral relativism. Hill goes on to outline a Kantian position on two central issues. In the last section of the book, three essays on practical questions show how a broadly Kantian theory, if critical of Kant's official theory of law, might re-visit questions aboutrevolution, prison reform, and forcible interventions in other countries for humanitarian purposes. In the final essay, Hill develops the implications of Kant's Doctrine of Virtue for the responsibility of by-standers to oppression.

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Thomas E. Hill, Jr., interprets, explains, and extends Kant's moral theory in a series of essays that highlight its relevance to contemporary ethics. The book is divided into four sections. The first three essays cover basic themes: they introduce the major aspects of Kant's ethics; explaindifferent interpretations of the Categorical I...

Thomas E. Hill, Jr., received an AB from Harvard College, a BPhil as a Rhodes Scholar from the University of Oxford, and a PhD from Harvard University. He is author of Autonomy and Self-Respect (CUP), Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant's Moral Theory (Cornell University Press), Respect, Pluralism, and Justice (OUP), and Human Welfar...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:June 12, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199692017

ISBN - 13:9780199692019

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsGeneral IntroductionAbstracts1. Basic themes1. Kant's Ethical Theory: An Overview2. Kantian Normative Ethics3. Kantian Constructivism as Normative Ethics2. Virtue4. Finding Value in Nature5. Kant on Weakness of Will6. Kantian Virtue and 'Virtue Ethics'7. Kant's Tugendlehre as Normative Ethics3. Moral rules and principles8. The Dignity of Persons: Kant, Problems, and a Proposal9. Assessing Moral Rules: Utilitarian and Kantian Perspectives10. The Importance of Moral Rules and Principles11. Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits4. Practical Questions12. Questions about Kant's Opposition to Revolution13. Treating Criminals as Ends in Themselves14. Kant and Humanitarian Intervention15. Moral Responsibilities of BystandersBibliographyIndex