Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Hardcover | September 15, 2012

EditorGary Hatfield, Sarah Allred

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'Seeing' happens effortlessly and yet is endlessly complex. One of the most fascinating aspects of visual perception is its stability and constancy. As we shift our gaze or move about the world, the light projected onto the retinas is constantly changing. Yet the surrounding objects appearstable in their properties. Psychologists have long been interested in constancies, exploring questions such as: How good is constancy? Is constancy a fact about how things look, or is it a product of our beliefs and judgments about how things look? How can the contents of visual experience be studied experimentally? However,philosophers have long been interested in characterizing visual experience and have become widely interested in the constancies more recently. As psychologists and philosophers have interacted, new questions have arisen: should we regard any departure from constancy as a failure of the visualsystem, or might it be a reasonable or adaptive response? In what circumstances is 'seeing' highly conditioned by cognitive factors such as background assumptions, and in what circumstances not? Visual Experience explores size constancy and color constancy. It considers methodologies for studying conscious visual perception, efforts to describe visual experience in relation to constancy, what it means that constancy is not always perfect, and the conceptual resources needed for explainingvisual experience. This interdisciplinary book is invaluable for both vision scientists and philosophers of mind.

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'Seeing' happens effortlessly and yet is endlessly complex. One of the most fascinating aspects of visual perception is its stability and constancy. As we shift our gaze or move about the world, the light projected onto the retinas is constantly changing. Yet the surrounding objects appearstable in their properties. Psychologists have ...

Gary Hatfield has studied visual perception for more than three decades. His works include experimental studies of shape constancy, theoretical papers on perception, and philosophical studies of the fundamental concepts and theories of visual perception and cognition and their history. His work in the history and philosophy of psycholo...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:260 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.98 inPublished:September 15, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199597278

ISBN - 13:9780199597277

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Table of Contents

Gary Hatfield and Sarah Allred: Introduction: Visual ExperienceCognitive and Phenomenal Factors in Spatial Perception1. Carl E. Granrud: Judging the Size of a Distant Object: Strategy Use by Children and Adults2. Gary Hatfield: Phenomenal and Cognitive Factors in Spatial Perception3. Mark Wagner: Sensory and Cognitive Explanations for a Century of Size Constancy Research4. Frank H. Durgin, Anna J. Ruff, and Robert C. Russell: Constant Enough: On the Kinds of Perceptual Constancy Worth HavingHistorical and Conceptual Issues5. Alan Gilchrist: Objective and Subjective Sides of Perception6. Donald I. A. MacLeod: A Mechanistic Perspective on the "Given"7. Austen Clark: Spatial Organization and the Appearances Thereof in Early Vision8. Jonathan Cohen: Computation and the Ambiguity of PerceptionColor Constancy: Memory, Computation, and Inference9. Maria Olkkonen, Thorsten Hansen, and Karl R. Gegenfurtner: High-Level Perceptual Influences on Color Appearance10. David Hilbert: Constancy, Content, and Inference11. Sarah Allred: Approaching Color with Bayesian AlgorithmsGary Hatfield and William Epstein: Epilogue: Advances and Open Questions

Editorial Reviews

"Trained both in philosophy and experimental psychology (mainly vision research) Hatfield is equally at home in both disciplines and brings an unusually well-grounded approach to the many foundational issues discussed... Hatfield's coverage of much of the mainstream literature and itshistorical antecedents is impressive... this book provides a rich and essential source of study." --Max Velmans, Journal of Consciousness Studies