Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader

Paperback | September 13, 2000

EditorJulia Annas

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Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader is a unique and accessible introduction to the richness of ancient philosophy. Featuring a topical--as opposed to chronological--organization, this text introduces students to thewide range of approaches and traditions in ancient philosophy. In each section Annas presents the ancient debates on a particular philosophical topic, drawing on a greater diversity of ancient sources than a chronological approach allows. The book is divided into six sections: Fate and Freedom;Reason and Emotion; Knowledge, Belief, and Skepticism; Metaphysical Questions; How Should You Live?; and Society and the State. Annas includes a generous selection of the works of Plato and Aristotle, as well as those of the Stoics, Epicureans, and Skeptics. She also includes selections from lessfamiliar philosophers and from authors in whose works philosophical issues arise, such as poets, medical writers, historians, and Jewish and Christian writers. The volume features biographical sketches of the philosophers, a timeline, and short discussions of the major movements in ancientphilosophy. An excellent text for courses in ancient philosophy and history of philosophy, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader will also be of interest to scholars and general readers.

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Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader is a unique and accessible introduction to the richness of ancient philosophy. Featuring a topical--as opposed to chronological--organization, this text introduces students to thewide range of approaches and traditions in anci...

Julia Annas is Regents Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:September 13, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195126955

ISBN - 13:9780195126952

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Table of Contents

List of Boxed Material: Preface: Introduction: Chronological Sketch of Ancient Philosophy: Timeline: 1. FATE AND FREEDOMHomer, Iliad 16, 512-548Lucian, Zeus Answers a Few Awkward QuestionsA. PRAISE, BLAME, AND RESPONSIBILITY FOR OUR ACTIONSAristotle, Nicomachean Ethics III, 5The Stoics on FateAlexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 22The Stoics on Moral ResponsibilityCicero, On Fate 40-43Aulus Gellius, Attic Nights 7.2, 6-13Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 11-14Epicurus, On Nature 34, 26-30Diogenes of Oenoanda, Epicurean Inscription fragment 54, II-IIILucretius, On the Nature of Things 2, 251-293B. RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE LIVES WE LEADPlato, Republic 10 (the Myth of Er)Alcinous, Handbook of Platonism 26C. DIVINE FOREKNOWLEDGE OF THE FUTUREAlexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 30-31Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy 5D. IS THE FUTURE FIXED?Aristotle, On InterpretationDiodorus Cronus, The Master Argument (Epictetus, Discourses 11.19, 1-5_The Stoics on Possibility and NecessityCicero, On Fate 12-15Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate 102. REASON AND EMOTIONA. EXPLANATION OF INNER CONFLICTPlato, Republic 4, 436a-444aPlato, Republic 9, 588b-590dPlato, Phaedrus 253d-254eB. WHAT IS AN EMOTION?Aristotle, Rhetoric II, part of 1,2,5,8Aristotle, Niomachean Ethics II, 1, parts of 2 and 3; IV, 5The Early Stoics on the EmotionsSeneca, On Anger I, 7-9, 12-14, 17-18; II, 1-4, 6-10, 28C. A TEST CASEEuripides, Medea 1021-1080Epictetus, Discourses I, 28,1-9; II, 17, 17-25Galen, On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato III, 3, 13-24D. REASON, THE EMOTIONS, AND FAITHThe Fourth Book of Maccabees selections3. KNOWLEDGE, BELIEF, AND SKEPTICISMA. KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERTISEPlato, Laches 189d-201cB. KNOWLEDGE AND TRUE BELIEFPlato, Meno 80a-86d, 96b-99ePlato, Theaetetus 200d-201cC. RELATIVISMPlato, Theaetetus 166e-172b, 177c-179bD. THE STRUCTURE OF A SYSTEM OF KNOWLEDGEPlato, Republic 475b-484a, 507b-511e, 514a-518d, 523a-525b, 531c-535aAristotle, Posterior Analytics I, 1-3; II, 19Aristotle, Metaphysics I, 1-3; II, 1Aristotle, Parts of Animals I, 5E. KNOWLEDGE FROM EXPERIENCEEpicurus on KnowledgeThe Stoics on KnowledgeF. SKEPTICISMPlato, Theaetetus 148c-151dSextus Empiricus, Outlines of Pyrrhonism I, 1-30, 100-117;III, 1-124. METAPHYSICAL QUESTIONSA. REALITY AND PARADOXParmenides, The Way of Truth fragments 1-8Zeno of Elea, Arguments against MotionB. PLATO'S FORMS: FOR AND AGAINSTPlato, Phaedo 73c-76ePlato, Phaedo 78c-79aPlato, Symposium 209e-212aPlato, Republic 596a-597ePlato, Parmenides 128e-135cDiogenes of Sinope, Lives of the Philosophers VI, 53The Stoics on Plato's FormsAristotle, On FormsC. CAUSE AND EXPLANATIONHippocratic Writings, The Sacred Disease selectionsPlato, Phaedo 96a-101eAristotle, On Coming-to-Be and Passing-Away II, 9Aristotle, Physics II, 3, 7-9Plutarch, Life of Pericles 6The Epicureans against TeleologyD. TIMEAristotle, Physics IV, 10-11, 14The Stoics on TimeAugustine, Confessions XI, selections5. HOW SHOULD YOU LIVE?A. THE STARTING POINT FOR ETHICAL REFLECTIONAristotle, Rhetoric I, 5 (extract)Herodotus, Histories I, 29-34B. THE FIRST THEORIES: VIRTUE AND HAPPINESSDemocritus, Fragments on EthicsPlato, Gorgias, 468e-479eC. THE MAJOR THEORIESAristotle, Nicomachean Ethics I, 1,2,4,5,7-10The StoicsCicero, On Final Ends III, 16-17, 20-26, 32-39, 42-71The EpicureansEpicurus, Letter to Menoeceus 121-135Cicero, On Final Ends I, 29-33, 37-70D. DIFFERENT DIRECTIONSPlato, Theaetetus, 172b-177cThe Gospel of Matthew 5, 2-20Plotinus, Enneads I, 46. SOCIETY AND THE STATEA. IS NATURE OR CONVENTION THE BASIS OF SOCIETY AND THE STATE?Plato, Protagoras 320c-323cAntiphon the Sophist, Fragment 7Plato, Gorgias 482e-484cPlato, Crito 50a-54ePlato, Repubic 358c-360dAristotle, Politics I, 2Aristotle, Politics III, 9EpicureansEpicurus, Principal Doctrines 31-38Diogenes of Oenoanda, Epicurean Inscription fragment 56Cicero, On Duties III, 37-39StoicismCicero, On Laws I, 17-35, 42-45B. POLITICAL RULE: EXPERTISE AND THE RULE OF LAWTwofold Arguments 7Plato0 Republic 488a-489cPlato, Statesman 291d-303bAristotle, Politics I, 1; III, 4,11C. DEMOCRACY AND THE BEST FORM OF GOVERNMENTHerodotus, Histories III, 80-83The Old OligarchAristotle, Politics IV, 3,4,7-9.11Polybius, Histories, VI, 2Further Reading

Editorial Reviews

"It is a pleasure to see an introductory reader on ancient philosophy organized around key philosophical problems. An excellent selection of topics and readings."--David Bowen, University of North Florida